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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224693/analysis-of-team-types-based-on-collaborative-relationships-among-doctors-home-visiting-nurses-and-care-managers-for-effective-support-of-patients-in-end-of-life-home-care
#1
Junko Fujita, Sakiko Fukui, Sumie Ikezaki, Chizuru Otoguro, Mayuko Tsujimura
AIM: To define the team types consisting of doctors, home-visiting nurses and care managers for end-of-life care by measuring the collaboration relationship, and to identify the factors related to the team types. METHODS: A questionnaire survey of 43 teams including doctors, home-visiting nurses and care managers was carried out. The team types were classified based on mutual evaluations of the collaborative relationships among the professionals. To clarify the factors between team types with the patient characteristics, team characteristics and collaboration competency, univariate analysis was carried out with the Fisher's exact test or one-way analysis and multiple comparison analysis...
February 21, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176453/do-maternal-perceptions-of-child-eating-and-feeding-help-to-explain-the-disconnect-between-reported-and-observed-feeding-practices-a-follow-up-study
#2
Heidi J Bergmeier, Helen Skouteris, Marion M Hetherington, Rachel F Rodgers, Karen J Campbell, Rachael Cox
Research demonstrates a mismatch between reported and observed maternal feeding practices. This mismatch may be explained by maternal cognitions, attitudes, and motivations relating to dyadic parent-child feeding interactions. These complex constructs may not be apparent during observations nor evidenced in self-report questionnaire. Therefore, the aim of this study was to use a qualitative approach to gain a more nuanced and contextualized understanding of (a) maternal perceptions of children's food intake control; (b) how parent-child mealtime interactions influence maternal feeding practices; and (c) ways in which mothers may promote healthy child eating and weight outcomes...
February 8, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152921/integrating-a-simple-screening-tool-in-the-electronic-medical-record-to-standardize-patient-needs-identification-process
#3
Audrey Caspar-Clark, Neal Niznan, Rebecca Cammy
: 156 Background: Unidentified psychosocial and nutrition needs can impede a patient's quality of life during cancer treatment. Nutritional, social, and logistical patient needs may be overlooked without a standardized identification process. With the increasing use of the electronic medical record (EMR), simple screening tools to identify psychosocial needs and nutritional concerns can be implemented. METHODS: The University of Pennsylvania's Department of Radiation Oncology integrated a simple six-question "yes" or "no" response screen directly into the nursing assessment in the EMR to quickly and easily trigger high-risk patient referrals to social work and nutrition services...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151967/chronic-multimorbidity-impairs-role-functioning-in-middle-aged-and-older-individuals-mostly-when-non-partnered-or-living-alone
#4
Fabiola Müller, Mariët Hagedoorn, Marrit A Tuinman
BACKGROUND: Due to the aging of the population, society includes a growing proportion of older individuals prone to chronic morbidity. This study aimed to investigate the adverse effects of single and multiple chronic morbidity on psychosocial health and whether these effects are more pronounced in individuals who are non-partnered or living alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Baseline data from the 'Lifelines Cohort Study' collected between 2006 and 2013 in the Netherlands were used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150059/conceptualizing-a-public-health-prevention-intervention-for-bridging-the-30-million-word-gap
#5
REVIEW
Charles R Greenwood, Judith J Carta, Dale Walker, Jomella Watson-Thompson, Jill Gilkerson, Anne L Larson, Alana Schnitz
Early childhood experience is a social determinant of children's health and well-being. The well-being of young children is founded on their relationships and interactions with parents and family members in the home, caregivers, and teachers in early education, and friends and families in the greater community. Unfortunately, the early language experience of infants and toddlers from low-income families is typically vastly different than children from middle- and higher-income families. Hart and Risley (Meaningful differences in the everyday experience of young American children...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143442/factors-associated-with-older-people-s-long-term-care-needs-a-case-study-adopting-the-expanded-version-of-the-anderson-model-in-china
#6
Yuan Yuan Fu, Yu Guo, Xue Bai, Ernest Wing Tak Chui
BACKGROUND: Alongside changes in society and the economy, the family's function of taking care of older people is weakening and the formal care mode is becoming more accepted. Older Chinese people are facing diverse choices of long-term care (LTC) modes. Acknowledging this situation, to optimize older people's arrangements for LTC services and improve quality of later life, this study sets out to explore and make theoretical sense of older people's LTC needs and to identify the factors influencing their LTC needs...
January 31, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135044/a-comparison-of-hospitalized-children-with-enterovirus-d68-to-those-with-rhinovirus
#7
Charles B Foster, Ritika Coelho, Paul M Brown, Aman Wadhwa, Amena Dossul, Blanca E Gonzalez, Silvia Cardenas, Camille Sabella, Debbie Kohn, Sherilynn Vogel, Belinda Yen-Lieberman, Giovanni Piedimonte
BACKGROUND: During the Fall of 2014, numerous children were hospitalized with asthma or respiratory distress related to Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68). A large proportion initially tested positive for rhinovirus. During this period our laboratory noted a cross-reactivity between EV-D68 and the rhinovirus component of the GenMark multiplex respiratory viral panel. Many other laboratories used assays not designed to distinguish these Picornoviridae. METHODS: To compare the presentation and outcomes of patients with rhinovirus and EV-D68, 103 GenMark rhinovirus positive nasopharyngeal swabs from hospitalized children were retested for EV-D68...
January 30, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124161/child-regulative-temperament-as-a-mediator-of-parenting-in-the-development-of-depressive-symptoms-a-longitudinal-study-from-early-childhood-to-preadolescence
#8
Martina Pitzer, Guenter Esser, Martin H Schmidt, Erika Hohm, Tobias Banaschewski, Manfred Laucht
Child temperament as well as parenting behaviors have been linked to adolescent depression. Beyond their main effects, the interplay between these factors is of interest. For example, in an interactive model, a differential susceptibility of temperamental variants to parenting has been suggested. However, so far, the differential susceptibility hypothesis has mostly been studied with a focus on externalizing disorders. On the other hand, parenting may shape the child's temperament and vice versa in a transactional process...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123222/homelessness-unsheltered-status-and-risk-factors-for-mortality-findings-from-the-100%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-000-homes-campaign
#9
Ann Elizabeth Montgomery, Dorota Szymkowiak, Jessica Marcus, Paul Howard, Dennis P Culhane
OBJECTIVES: People who live in unsheltered situations, such as the streets, often have poorer health, less access to health care, and an increased risk of premature mortality as compared with their sheltered counterparts. The objectives of this study were to (1) compare the characteristics of people experiencing homelessness who were sleeping primarily in unsheltered situations with those who were accessing homeless shelters and other sheltered situations, (2) identify correlates of unsheltered status, and (3) assess the relationship between unsheltered status and increased risk of mortality...
November 2016: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112589/in-home-synchronous-telespeech-therapy-to-improve-functional-communication-in-chronic-poststroke-aphasia-results-from-a-quasi-experimental-study
#10
Joël Macoir, Vincent Martel Sauvageau, Patrick Boissy, Marilyn Tousignant, Michel Tousignant
BACKGROUND: Although the use of telepractice in speech-language therapy for assessment purposes is well documented, its effectiveness and potential for rehabilitation in poststroke aphasia remain largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a remotely delivered synchronous pragmatic telespeech language therapy for improving functional communication in aphasia. METHODS: A pre-/post-test design was chosen in which each participant was his or her own control...
January 23, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111755/nurse-and-medical-provider-perspectives-on-antibiotic-stewardship-in-nursing-homes
#11
Kezia Scales, Sheryl Zimmerman, David Reed, Anna Song Beeber, Christine E Kistler, John S Preisser, Bryan J Weiner, Kimberly Ward, Amy Fann, Philip D Sloane
OBJECTIVES: To examine perspectives on antibiotic use and antibiotic stewardship of nurses and medical providers in nursing homes (NHs). DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: NHs in North Carolina (N = 31). PARTICIPANTS: Nursing staff (n = 182) and medical providers (n = 50). MEASUREMENTS: Respondents completed a self-administered questionnaire about their perspectives on antibiotic use in their NH, the influence of residents and families on antibiotic prescribing decisions, and readiness to improve antibiotic stewardship...
January 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108046/rules-of-performance-in-the-nursing-home-a-grounded-theory-of-nurse-cna-communication
#12
Connie Madden, Margaret Clayton, Heather E Canary, Gail Towsley, Kristin Cloyes, Dale Lund
This study offers an initial theoretical understanding of nurse-CNA communication processes from the perspectives of nurses and CNAs who are providing direct care to residents in nursing homes. A grounded theory approach provided an understanding of nurse-CNA communication process within the complexities of the nursing home setting. Four themes (maintaining information flow, following procedure, fostering collegiality, and showing respect) describe the "rules of performance" that intertwine in nuanced relationships to guide nurse-CNA communication processes...
January 17, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096681/the-relatives-voice-how-do-relatives-experience-participation-in-reablement-a-qualitative-study
#13
Kari Margrete Hjelle, Herdis Alvsvåg, Oddvar Førland
BACKGROUND: Reablement is an early and time-limited home-based model of rehabilitation intervention with an emphasis on intensive, goal-oriented, and multidisciplinary assistance for persons experiencing functional decline. When rehabilitation in general takes place in the person's own home, in contrast to an institution, relatives may have larger responsibilities in helping and supporting the family member. Although there is evidence, showing that family caregivers, such as spouses and children, experience burdens and demanding situations related to their caregiving role, there are currently few publications exploring relatives' experiences of participating in reablement...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029758/adoption-and-foster-care-analysis-and-reporting-system-final-rule
#14
(no author information available yet)
The Social Security Act (the Act) requires that ACF regulate a national data collection system that provides comprehensive demographic and case-specific information on children who are in foster care and adopted. This final rule replaces existing Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) regulations and the appendices to require title IV-E agencies to collect and report data to ACF on children in out-of-home care, and who exit out-of-home care to adoption or legal guardianship, children in out-of-home care who are covered by the Indian Child Welfare Act, and children who are covered by a title IV-E adoption or guardianship assistance agreement...
14, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027459/dignity-and-autonomy-in-the-care-for-patients-with-dementia-differences-among-formal-caretakers-of-varied-cultural-backgrounds-and-their-meaning
#15
Miriam Ethel Bentwich, Nomy Dickman, Amitai Oberman
BACKGROUND: A key message in the World Health Organization report on dementia (2012) emphasizes this disease as a top priority in public health and the need to improve professional attitudes to patients with dementia, while acknowledging that the workforce in dementia care is becoming increasingly diverse culturally. AIMS: To trace whether there are substantial gaps between formal caretakers from different cultural groups (Israeli born Jews [Sabras], Israeli Arabs [Arabs] and migrants from Russia [Russians]) regarding their stances on the human dignity and autonomy of patients with dementia, as well as understand the meaning of these gaps...
December 8, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003772/determinants-of-institutional-delivery-service-utilization-among-pastorals-of-liben-zone-somali-regional-state-ethiopia-2015
#16
Nejimu Biza Zepro, Ahmed Tahir Ahmed
Maternal health service utilizations are poorly equipped, inaccessible, negligible, and not well documented in the pastoral society. This research describes a quantitative and qualitative study on the determinants of institutional delivery among pastoralists of Liben Zone with special emphasis on Filtu and Deka Suftu woredas of Somali Region, Ethiopia. The study was funded by the project "Fostering health care for refugees and pastoral communities in Somali Region, Ethiopia". This community-based cross-sectional study was conducted during November 2015...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995394/the-mrc-national-survey-of-health-and-development-reaches-age-70-maintaining-participation-at-older-ages-in-a-birth-cohort-study
#17
Diana Kuh, Andrew Wong, Imran Shah, Adam Moore, Maria Popham, Philip Curran, Daniel Davis, Nikhil Sharma, Marcus Richards, Mai Stafford, Rebecca Hardy, Rachel Cooper
A life course approach to ageing relies on maintaining participation rates in national birth cohorts and other long-term longitudinal studies. This reduces the risk of selective attrition biasing associations between lifetime risk factors and health outcomes in later life and ensures the studies remain as representative as possible of the original population. We report the participation patterns for a postal questionnaire and home visit at 68-69 years of study members in the MRC National Survey of Health and Development, the oldest and longest-running British birth cohort study...
November 2016: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976750/compass-continuous-open-mouse-phenotyping-of-activity-and-sleep-status
#18
Laurence A Brown, Sibah Hasan, Russell G Foster, Stuart N Peirson
Background  Disruption of rhythms in activity and rest occur in many diseases, and provide an important indicator of healthy physiology and behaviour. However, outside the field of sleep and circadian rhythm research, these rhythmic processes are rarely measured due to the requirement for specialised resources and expertise. Until recently, the primary approach to measuring activity in laboratory rodents has been based on voluntary running wheel activity. By contrast, measuring sleep requires the use of electroencephalography (EEG), which involves invasive surgical procedures and time-consuming data analysis...
2016: Wellcome Open Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940775/mental-and-physical-health-of-children-in-foster-care
#19
Kristin Turney, Christopher Wildeman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Each year, nearly 1% of US children spend time in foster care, with 6% of US children placed in foster care at least once between their birth and 18th birthday. Although a large literature considers the consequences of foster care placement for children's wellbeing, no study has used a nationally representative sample of US children to compare the mental and physical health of children placed in foster care to the health of children not placed in foster care...
November 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936830/promoting-personal-resources-and-reducing-exhaustion-through-positive-work-reflection-among-caregivers
#20
Elisa Clauss, Annekatrin Hoppe, Deirdre O'Shea, M Gloria González Morales, Anna Steidle, Alexandra Michel
The aim of this study was to test the effects of a daily positive work reflection intervention on fostering personal resources (i.e., hope and optimism) and decreasing exhaustion (i.e., emotional exhaustion and fatigue) among caregivers for the elderly and caregivers who provide services at patients' homes. Using an intervention/waitlist control group design, 46 caregivers in an intervention group were compared with 44 caregivers in a control group at 3 points of measurement: pre-intervention, post-intervention, and at a 2-week follow-up...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
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