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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351811/rate-and-determinants-of-non-adherence-to-a-gluten-free-diet-and-nutritional-status-assessment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-celiac-disease-in-a-tertiary-brazilian-referral-center-a-cross-sectional-and-retrospective-study
#1
Maraci Rodrigues, Glauce Hiromi Yonaminez, Carla Aline Satiro
BACKGROUND: Compliance with a gluten-free diet (GFD) is difficult at all ages but particularly for teenagers due to social, cultural, economic, and practical pressures. The multidisciplinary team responsible for the treatment of patients with celiac disease and give support to their parents plays a special role on strengthening GFD and assessing the nutritional and physical health. METHODS: A cross-sectional and retrospective study including patients under 20 years of age, with biopsy-confirmed CD, followed regularly at the Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Hospital das Clínicas, University of Sao Paulo, School of Medicine, Sao Paulo, Brazil, were surveyed using a questionnaire and serologic test applied between November 2011 and February 2012...
January 19, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335152/-i-foster-babies-awaiting-adoption
#2
Isabelle Legrée
A mother's decision to give up a child is followed by a two-month period during which she may go back on her decision. During this time, the baby may be cared for in a care home or placed with a specialist foster family. An interview with Christiane Hamel, a retired children's nurse who has chosen to foster children in her home.
January 2018: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330238/changing-patterns-of-mental-health-care-use-the-role-of-integrated-mental-health-services-in-veteran-affairs-primary-care
#3
Lucinda B Leung, Jean Yoon, Lisa V Rubenstein, Edward P Post, Maureen E Metzger, Kenneth B Wells, Catherine A Sugar, José J Escarce
OBJECTIVE: Aiming to foster timely, high-quality mental health care for Veterans, VA's Primary Care-Mental Health Integration (PC-MHI) embeds mental health specialists in primary care and promotes care management for depression. PC-MHI and patient-centered medical home providers work together to provide the bulk of mental health care for primary care patients with low-to-moderate-complexity mental health conditions. This study examines whether increasing primary care clinic engagement in PC-MHI services is associated with changes in patient health care utilization and costs...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325572/modeling-the-relationship-between-women-s-perceptions-and-future-intention-to-use-institutional-maternity-care-in-the-western-highlands-of-guatemala
#4
Emily Peca, John Sandberg
BACKGROUND: Despite global gains, women in hard-to-reach areas are at a relatively higher risk of death and disability related to childbirth. Traditional methods of measuring satisfaction may mask negative experiences (such as disrespect and abuse) that can drive down demand for institutional care. Better measurement of women's perceptions of care quality, especially among marginalized populations with historically low utilization of institutional care, are needed to inform how to improve services and foster greater utilization of (potentially life-saving) clinical care...
January 11, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324427/lemons-in-the-arizona-sunshine-the-effects-of-furocoumarins-leading-to-phytophotodermatitis-and-burn-like-injuries
#5
Marc R Matthews, Joel C VanderVelde, Daniel M Caruso, Kevin N Foster
INTRODUCTION: Phytophototoxic dermatitis is a strong phototoxic reaction to ultraviolet A (UV-A) radiation exposure after cutaneous contact with citrus fruit containing furocoumarins, leading to skin injury. At the Arizona Burn Center (Phoenix, AZ), the majority of these injuries are managed in the outpatient setting. CASE REPORT: The authors present a pediatric admission for burn-like injuries following prolonged cutaneous exposure to lemons while playing in the Arizona sunshine...
December 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320449/changing-trends-in-nutritional-behavior-among-university-students-in-greece-between-2006-and-2016
#6
Charikleia Kyrkou, Foteini Tsakoumaki, Maria Fotiou, Aristea Dimitropoulou, Maria Symeonidou, Georgios Menexes, Costas G Biliaderis, Alexandra-Maria Michaelidou
The objective of the present survey was to study the dietary behavior of university students residing away from the family home. In this context, we (a) compared their dietary habits in two time periods, namely 2006 and 2016; and (b) explored the possible impact of gender on the behavioral changes in nutritional choices. A total of four hundred and five university students (2006, n = 242; 2016, n = 163) participated in the study. Dietary assessment was carried out using a qualitative Food Frequency Questionnaire, while data about demographic and lifestyle factors were also collected...
January 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294946/safe-from-harm-youth-self-report-of-physical-assault-in-child-welfare-placements
#7
Jesse J Helton, Tatiana Gochez-Kerr
Although most child welfare placements receive a rigorous assessment and ongoing safety monitoring, it is still unclear which is safest in terms of physical abuse. Our goals for this study were to assess the relative risk of physical assault for different child welfare placements in a national sample of youth and examine that risk within placement types for children with various levels of behavioral problems. Unlike previous studies of assault prevalence, we constrained our analysis to youth self-reports of assaults within a current placement to increase validity...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294828/prevalence-and-correlates-of-forced-sex-as-a-self-reported-mode-of-hiv-acquisition-among-a-cohort-of-women-living-with-hiv-in-canada
#8
Carmen H Logie, Angela Kaida, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Nadia O'Brien, Pat O'Campo, Jay MacGillivray, Uzma Ahmed, Nikita Arora, Lu Wang, Shahab Jabbari, Logan Kennedy, Allison Carter, Karène Proulx-Boucher, Tracey Conway, Paul Sereda, Mona Loutfy
Gender-based violence (GBV) is a global epidemic associated with increased HIV exposure. We assessed the prevalence and correlates of HIV acquisition via forced sex among women living with HIV (WLWH) in Canada. Baseline questionnaire data were analyzed for WLWH (≥16 years) with data on self-reported mode of HIV acquisition, enrolled in a community-based cohort study in British Columbia, Ontario, and Québec. We assessed forced sex (childhood, adulthood) as a self-reported mode of HIV acquisition. Of 1,330 participants, the median age was 42 (interquartile range [IQR] = 35-50) years; 23...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288962/assessing-dynamic-postural-control-during-exergaming-in-older-adults-a-probabilistic-approach
#9
V Soancatl Aguilar, C J C Lamoth, N M Maurits, J B T M Roerdink
Digital games controlled by body movements (exergames) have been proposed as a way to improve postural control among older adults. Exergames are meant to be played at home in an unsupervised way. However, only few studies have investigated the effect of unsupervised home-exergaming on postural control. Moreover, suitable methods to dynamically assess postural control during exergaming are still scarce. Dynamic postural control (DPC) assessment could be used to provide both meaningful feedback and automatic adjustment of exergame difficulty...
December 16, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277953/emergent-leadership-among-tenants-with-psychiatric-disabilities-living-in-supported-housing
#10
Myra Piat, Judith Sabetti, Deborah Padgett
The overall aim of this study was to explore the experiences of people with psychiatric disabilities living as tenants in independent, supported apartments for the first time. Supported housing provides an alternative to structured, custodial housing models, such as foster homes, or board-and-care homes, for clients in public mental health systems. This article reports findings on how leadership emerged among tenants after making the transition from custodial to supported housing. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with tenants (n = 24) and included questions on their housing history, current living situation, relationships with staff, participation, and understanding or experience of leadership...
December 25, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273434/sex-disparities-in-health-and-health-care-utilization-after-parkinson-diagnosis-rethinking-pd-associated-disability
#11
Michelle E Fullard, Dylan P Thibault, Veronica Todaro, Susan Foster, Lori Katz, Robin Morgan, Drew S Kern, Jason M Schwalb, Enrique Urrea Mendoza, Nabila Dahodwala, Lisa Shulman, Allison W Willis
OBJECTIVE: To examine sex differences and trends in comorbid disease and health care utilization in individuals with newly diagnosed Parkinson disease (PD). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Over 133,000 Medicare beneficiaries with a new PD diagnosis in 2002 followed through 2008. METHODS: We compared the prevalence and cumulative incidence of common medical conditions, trends in survival and health care utilization between men and women with PD...
December 14, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261436/a-qualitative-exploration-of-veteran-and-family-perspectives-on-medical-foster-homes
#12
Carrie Gilman, Leah Haverhals, Chelsea Manheim, Cari Levy
Since 2008, the Veterans Health Administration Medical Foster Home (MFH) program has served as an alternative to nursing home care for Veterans. As part of a larger national research study, 55 in-person interviews with 62 Veterans and/or their families were conducted to identify reasons for selecting or declining MFH placement. Enrollment was attributed to: a need for increased care and a preference for highly-individualized care oversight and family-oriented settings. Reasons for declining placement included: costs, location of MFHs, lack of readiness of family or Veteran to move, and level of confidence that MFHs would meet care needs...
December 20, 2017: Home Health Care Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259562/early-adverse-caregiving-experiences-and-preschoolers-current-attachment-affect-brain-responses-during-facial-familiarity-processing-an-erp-study
#13
Melanie T Kungl, Ina Bovenschen, Gottfried Spangler
When being placed into more benign environments like foster care, children from adverse rearing backgrounds are capable of forming attachment relationships to new caregivers within the first year of placement, while certain problematic social behaviors appear to be more persistent. Assuming that early averse experiences shape neural circuits underlying social behavior, neurophysiological studies on individual differences in early social-information processing have great informative value. More precisely, ERP studies have repeatedly shown face processing to be sensitive to experience especially regarding the caregiving background...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247287/-the-role-of-psychopharmacotherapy-in-the-development-of-social-psychiatry-in-germany
#14
REVIEW
H Helmchen
Early experiences and indications are reported that psychopharmacotherapy, particularly as prophylactic long-term medication for prevention of relapses, has led to an increased recognition of social determinants of the course of illness, especially in schizophrenic patients. As a result, institutions combining both social and psychopharmacological treatment have developed, e. g., in Berlin beginning with "Phönix" a transition home ("Übergangsheim") in 1956 to a catamnesis for long-term outpatient treatment of schizophrenic patients in 1957, a social service in 1960, a day and night hospital in 1962 up to a university department of social psychiatry in 1972 with a rich spectrum of facilities for a step by step rehabilitation of mentally ill patients...
December 15, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243250/a-camera-based-method-for-estimating-absolute-density-in-animals-displaying-home-range-behaviour
#15
Andrea Campos-Candela, Miquel Palmer, Salvador Balle, Josep Alós
1.The measurement of animal density may take advantage of recent technological achievements in wildlife video recording. Fostering the theoretical links between the patterns depicted by cameras and absolute density is required to exploit this potential. 2.We explore the applicability of the Hutchinson-Waser's postulate (i.e., when animal density is stationary at a given temporal and spatial scale, the absolute density is given by the average number of animals counted per frame), which is a counter-intuitive statement for most ecologists and managers who are concerned with counting the same individual more than once...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241975/positive-emotion-communication-fostering-well-being-at-end-of-life
#16
Alexandra L Terrill, Lee Ellington, Kevin K John, Seth Latimer, Jiayun Xu, Maija Reblin, Margaret F Clayton
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about positive emotion communication (PEC) in end-of-life care. This study aims to identify types and patterns of PEC among hospice nurses, caregivers, and patients. METHODS: A coding system based on positive psychology theory was applied as a secondary analysis to audio recordings of hospice nurse home visits with cancer patients and family caregivers, collected as part of a prospective longitudinal study. Eighty recordings (4 visits from 20 triads) were coded for humor, connection, praise, positive focus, gratitude, taking joy/savoring, and perfunctory statements...
November 28, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237154/effects-of-early-life-adversity-on-hippocampal-structures-and-associated-hpa-axis-functions
#17
Brigitte Dahmen, Vanessa B Puetz, Wolfgang Scharke, Georg G von Polier, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Kerstin Konrad
Early-life adversity (ELA) is one of the major risk factors for serious mental and physical health risks later in life. ELA has been associated with dysfunctional neurodevelopment, especially in brain structures such as the hippocampus, and with dysfunction of the stress system, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Children who have experienced ELA are also more likely to suffer from mental health disorders such as depression later in life. The exact interplay of aberrant neurodevelopment and HPA axis dysfunction as risks for psychopathology is not yet clear...
December 14, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235668/a-diaper-bank-and-home-visiting-partnership-initial-exploration-of-research-and-policy-questions
#18
Lois S Sadler, Eileen M Condon, Shirley Z Deng, Monica Roosa Ordway, Crista Marchesseault, Andrea Miller, Janet Stolfi Alfano, Alison M Weir
OBJECTIVES: The cost of diapering an infant can place a significant financial strain on families living in poverty. Partnerships between diaper banks and home visiting programs for young families may offer an innovative solution to expanding the reach and impact of diaper banks in low-income communities. The purpose of this pilot study was to uncover preliminary information about the functions of diaper distribution through home visiting programs, and to inform future research and policy questions regarding diaper distribution to families in need...
December 13, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232827/setting-housing-standards-to-improve-global-health
#19
Philippa Howden-Chapman, Nathalie Roebbel, Elinor Chisholm
Developing World Health Organization international guidelines is a highly formal process. Yet the resulting guidelines, which Member States are encouraged, but not required to adopt, are a powerful way of developing rigorous policy and fostering implementation. Using the example of the housing and health guidelines, which are currently being finalised, this paper outlines the process for developing WHO guidelines. This includes: forming a Guidelines Review Group that represents all regions of the world, and ensures gender balance and technical expertise; identifying key health outcomes of interest; commissioning systematic reviews of the evidence; assessing the evidence; and formulating recommendations...
December 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212358/a-mediation-analysis-of-mothers-dietary-intake-the-entre-familia-reflejos-de-salud-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Lucy A Horton, Guadalupe X Ayala, Donald J Slymen, Leticia Ibarra, Erika Hernandez, Humberto Parada, Cheryl L Rock, Elva M Arredondo, John P Elder
AIMS: Examine intervention effects among mothers involved in a healthy eating randomized controlled trial. Furthermore, examine the mediating roles of individual and familial influences on observed outcomes. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2011, 361 families were recruited; half were assigned to an 11-session community health worker-delivered family-based intervention targeting Spanish-speaking Latino families in Imperial County, California. The intervention was delivered over a 4-month period...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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