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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420438/distance-traveled-for-medicaid-covered-abortion-care-in-california
#1
Nicole E Johns, Diana Greene Foster, Ushma D Upadhyay
BACKGROUND: Access to abortion care in the United States is limited by the availability of abortion providers and their geographic distribution. We aimed to assess how far women travel for Medicaid-funded abortion in California and identify disparities in access to abortion care. METHODS: We obtained data on all abortions reimbursed by the fee-for-service California state Medicaid program (Medi-Cal) in 2011 and 2012 and examined distance traveled to obtain abortion care by several demographic and abortion-related factors...
April 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410705/patients-perception-towards-directly-observed-treatment-a-qualitative-study-from-kollam-district-kerala-southern-india
#2
P S Rakesh, Shibu Balakrishnan, V Krishnaveni, Vishnu Narayanan, Swapna Pillai, Sumi Merin Thomas
BACKGROUND: The Direct Observation of Treatment (DOT) is an important component of the country's TB Control strategy. Standards of TB care in India and the End TB strategy emphasised the importance of a patient-centered approach to foster adherence. A qualitative study was conducted to explore the perception of people with Tuberculosis in Kerala regarding DOT, mechanisms to make the treatment of TB more patients centered and to identify the preferable mechanisms to ensure adherence. METHODS: Six focus group discussions were conducted - two among people with TB from rural area, two among people with TB in urban area, one among multipurpose health workers of rural area and one among key field staff of TB control in urban area...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402517/posterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-vertebral-artery-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-comparison-of-saccular-vs-dissecting-aneurysms
#3
Mitchell T Foster, Amit Herwadkar, Hiren C Patel
BACKGROUND: Two distinct categories of aneurysms are described in relation to the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) and vertebral artery (VA): saccular (SA) and dissecting (DA) types. This distinction is often unrecognized because abnormalities here are uncommon and most studies are small. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there are any differences in the clinical presentation, in-hospital course, or outcomes in patients with DA vs SA of the PICA or VA. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with a VA or PICA aneurysm were identified from a departmental subarachnoid hemorrhage database and categorized into DA or SA types...
April 10, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398353/past-penguin-colony-responses-to-explosive-volcanism-on-the-antarctic-peninsula
#4
Stephen J Roberts, Patrick Monien, Louise C Foster, Julia Loftfield, Emma P Hocking, Bernhard Schnetger, Emma J Pearson, Steve Juggins, Peter Fretwell, Louise Ireland, Ryszard Ochyra, Anna R Haworth, Claire S Allen, Steven G Moreton, Sarah J Davies, Hans-Jürgen Brumsack, Michael J Bentley, Dominic A Hodgson
Changes in penguin populations on the Antarctic Peninsula have been linked to several environmental factors, but the potentially devastating impact of volcanic activity has not been considered. Here we use detailed biogeochemical analyses to track past penguin colony change over the last 8,500 years on Ardley Island, home to one of the Antarctic Peninsula's largest breeding populations of gentoo penguins. The first sustained penguin colony was established on Ardley Island c. 6,700 years ago, pre-dating sub-fossil evidence of Peninsula-wide occupation by c...
April 11, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377848/childhood-predictors-of-adolescent-behaviour-the-prospective-association-of-familial-factors-with-meeting-physical-activity-guidelines
#5
Helen Elizabeth Brown, Kirsten Corder, Andrew J Atkin, Esther M F van Sluijs
Little is known about the longitudinal association of familial socio-demographic factors, behaviours, attitudes, or home environment with meeting physical activity guidelines. Our objective was to a) describe 4-year change in the prevalence of meeting guidelines, and characteristics of participants across categories of physical activity maintenance, and b) identify familial factors in childhood that are longitudinally associated with meeting guidelines in adolescence. Data on 17 parent- and child-reported family variables and objectively measured physical activity (ActiGraph GT1M) were available from 406 children (10...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371551/boys-have-caught-up-family-influences-still-continue-influences-on-executive-functioning-and-behavioral-self-regulation-in-elementary-students-in-germany
#6
Catherine Gunzenhauser, Henrik Saalbach, Antje von Suchodoletz
The development of self-regulation is influenced by various child-level and family-level characteristics. Previous research focusing on the preschool period has reported a female advantage in self-regulation and negative effects of various adverse features of the family environment on self-regulation. The present study aimed to investigate growth in self-regulation (i.e., executive functioning and behavioral self-regulation) over 1 school year during early elementary school and to explore the influences of child sex, the level of home chaos, and family educational resources on self-regulation...
March 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368550/home-or-foster-home-care-versus-institutional-long-term-care-for-functionally-dependent-older-people
#7
REVIEW
Camilla Young, Amanda M Hall, Daniela C Gonçalves-Bradley, Terry J Quinn, Lotty Hooft, Barbara C van Munster, David J Stott
BACKGROUND: Changing population demographics have led to an increasing number of functionally dependent older people who require care and medical treatment. In many countries, government policy aims to shift resources into the community from institutional care settings with the expectation that this will reduce costs and improve the quality of care compared. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of long-term home or foster home care versus institutional care for functionally dependent older people...
April 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350282/an-m-health-system-for-education-and-motivation-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-the-experience-of-heartcycle-guided-exercise
#8
Dario Salvi, Manuel Ottaviano, Salla Muuraiskangas, Alvaro Martínez-Romero, Cecilia Vera-Muñoz, Andreas Triantafyllidis, Maria Fernanda Cabrera Umpiérrez, Maria Teresa Arredondo Waldmeyer, Erik Skobel, Christian Knackstedt, Hilkka Liedes, Anita Honka, Jean Luprano, John Gf Cleland, Wim Stut, Carolyn Deighan
Introduction Home-based programmes for cardiac rehabilitation play a key role in the recovery of patients with coronary artery disease. However, their necessary educational and motivational components have been rarely implemented with the help of modern mobile technologies. We developed a mobile health system designed for motivating patients to adhere to their rehabilitation programme by providing exercise monitoring, guidance, motivational feedback, and educational content. Methods Our multi-disciplinary approach is based on mapping "desired behaviours" into specific system's specifications, borrowing concepts from Fogg's Persuasive Systems Design principles...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327177/intestinal-t-lymphocyte-homing-is-associated-with-gastric-emptying-and-epithelial-barrier-function-in-critically-ill-a-prospective-observational-study
#9
Christian Greis, Zohal Rasuly, Rolf A Janosi, Lambros Kordelas, Dietrich W Beelen, Tobias Liebregts
BACKGROUND: Impaired gastric emptying is common in critically ill patients. Intestinal dysmotility, a major cause of feed intolerance, may foster infectious complications due to mucosal barrier disruption. However, little is known about gut-directed immune activation, intestinal barrier function and its association with impaired gastric emptying in critically ill patients at ICU admission. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study at two tertiary care medical ICUs...
March 22, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324899/infant-guided-co-regulated-feeding-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-part-i-theoretical-underpinnings-for-neuroprotection-and-safety
#10
Catherine S Shaker
The rapid progress in medical and technical innovations in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) has been accompanied by concern for outcomes of NICU graduates. Although advances in neonatal care have led to significant changes in survival rates of very small and extremely preterm neonates, early feeding difficulties with the transition from tube feeding to oral feeding are prominent and often persist beyond discharge to home. Progress in learning to feed in the NICU and continued growth in feeding skills after the NICU may be closely tied to fostering neuroprotection and safety...
April 2017: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322704/transmission-of-hepatitis-a-virus-through-combined-liver-small-intestine-pancreas-transplantation
#11
Monique A Foster, Lauren M Weil, Sherry Jin, Thomas Johnson, Tonya R Hayden-Mixson, Yury Khudyakov, Pallavi D Annambhotla, Sridhar V Basavaraju, Saleem Kamili, Jana M Ritter, Noele Nelson, George Mazariegos, Michael Green, Ryan W Himes, David T Kuhar, Matthew J Kuehnert, Jeffrey A Miller, Rachel Wiseman, Anne C Moorman
Although transmission of hepatitis A virus (HAV) through blood transfusion has been documented, transmission through organ transplantation has not been reported. In August 2015, state health officials in Texas, USA, were notified of 2 home health nurses with HAV infection whose only common exposure was a child who had undergone multi-visceral organ transplantation 9 months earlier. Specimens from the nurses, organ donor, and all organ recipients were tested and medical records reviewed to determine a possible infection source...
April 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322655/mothers-with-perceived-insufficient-milk
#12
Natsuko K Wood, Elizabeth A Sanders
Perceived insufficient milk (PIM) is the primary reason for breastfeeding discontinuation globally. This study evaluated the short-term impact of mother-infant interactions through home interventions designed to overcome PIM as a result of the infant's behavior, delivered to 14 dyads of breastfeeding mothers and their full-term singleton infants. A single group, three-occasion prepost design was used. Mother-infant interactions were measured by the Nursing Child Assessment Feeding Scale (NCAFS) at 6, 13, and 27 days postpartum...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292656/fingermark-visualisation-on-uncirculated-%C3%A2-5-bank-of-england-polymer-notes-initial-process-comparison-studies
#13
Rory P Downham, Eleigh R Brewer, Roberto S P King, Aoife M Luscombe, Vaughn G Sears
Experiments were conducted to investigate the effectiveness of a range of fingermark visualisation processes on brand new, uncirculated, £5 polymer banknotes (and their test note predecessors), as produced by the Bank of England (BoE). In the main study of this paper, a total of 14 individual processes were investigated on BoE £5 polymer banknotes, which included both 'Category A' processes (as recommended in the Home Office Fingermark Visualisation Manual) as well as recently developed processes, including fpNatural(®) 2 powder (cuprorivaite) from Foster+Freeman and a vacuum metal deposition sequence that evaporates silver followed by zinc...
March 4, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292333/location-and-content-of-counselling-and-acceptance-of-postpartum-iud-in-sri-lanka
#14
Mahesh Karra, David Canning, Sorcha Foster, Iqbal H Shah, Hemantha Senanayake, U D P Ratnasiri, Ramya Priyanwada Pathiraja
BACKGROUND: The immediate postpartum IUD (PPIUD) is a long-acting, reversible method of contraception that can be used safely and effectively following a birth. To appropriately facilitate the immediate postpartum insertion of IUDs, women must be informed of the method's availability and must be counselled on its benefits and risks prior to entering the delivery room. We examine the relationship between the location and quality of antenatal counselling and women's acceptance of immediate postpartum IUD (PPIUD) in four hospitals in Sri Lanka...
March 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277096/fostering-secure-attachment-experiences-of-animal-companions-in-the-foster-home
#15
Sam Carr, Ben Rockett
This study sought to use attachment theory as a lens through which to explore children's relationships with animal companions in the context of long-term foster care. Inductive and deductive thematic analyses of longitudinal case study data from eight children and their foster families suggested (a) that children's relationships with animal companions satisfied attachment-related functions in their own right and (b) that animal companions also helped to soften perceptions of foster caregivers, facilitating opportunities for the development of closeness...
February 7, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276161/the-association-between-type-of-out-of-home-mental-health-treatment-and-juvenile-justice-recidivism-for-youth-with-trauma-exposure
#16
John Robst, Mary Armstrong, Norin Dollard
BACKGROUND: High rates of mental health disorders and exposure to trauma among the juvenile justice population highlight the importance of understanding whether and how mental health services can help prevent further justice system involvement as well as provide treatment. AIMS: We had two principal questions: Is out-of-home mental health treatment after arrest associated with reduced recidivism among young people who have been exposed to trauma? Are particular types of out-of-home treatment associated with better outcomes? We hypothesised that type of residential setting would affect outcomes among those with histories of serious trauma...
March 9, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254689/environmental-and-individual-attributes-associated-with-child-maltreatment-resulting-in-hospitalization-or-death
#17
Holly Thurston, Bridget Freisthler, Janice Bell, Daniel Tancredi, Patrick S Romano, Sheridan Miyamoto, Jill G Joseph
Maltreatment continues to be a leading cause of death for young children. Researchers are beginning to uncover which neighborhood attributes may be associated with maltreatment outcomes. However, few studies have been able to explore these influences while controlling for individual family attributes, and none have been able to parse out the most severe outcomes-injuries resulting in hospitalization or death. This study utilizes a retrospective, case-control design on a dataset containing both individual and environmental level attributes of children who have been hospitalized or died due to maltreatment to explore the relative influence of attributes inside and outside the household walls...
March 2, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240629/commentary-on-response-to-a-troubled-asset-relief-program-for-the-patient-centered-medical-home-tarp-or-the-new-deal-the-case-for-medical-home-repairs
#18
Foster Gesten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Ambulatory Care Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239020/a-pediatric-profile-of-a-homeless-patient-in-san-jose-california
#19
Angela Bymaster, Joyce Chung, Andrea Banke, Hee Jae Choi, Chelsea Laird
The causes of homelessness are complex and poorly understood. This paper describes the homeless population in Santa Clara County, California in terms of Adverse Childhood Events, Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs), and family breakdown. Respondents reported severely traumatic childhoods; 78.7% grew up in a household with a person with drug or alcohol dependence and 64.6% endured psychological abuse as a child. Seventy-six percent of subjects recalled at least one TBI, 58.4% with loss of consciousness. Nineteen percent were in foster care as children and 40...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236512/timing-matters-a-randomized-control-trial-of-recovery-coaches-in-foster-care
#20
Joseph P Ryan, Brian E Perron, Andrew Moore, Bryan G Victor, Kune Park
Substance use disorders are a major problem for child welfare systems. The abuse of and dependence on alcohol and drugs by parents increases the risk of child maltreatment and interferes with efforts to locate a permanent home for children in foster care. The current study focuses on an intervention designed to increase the probability of reunification for foster children associated with substance using families. We focus specific attention on the timing of the intervention, in particular the timing of comprehensive screening and access to substance abuse services in relation to the temporary custody hearing...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
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