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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936132/architectural-style-and-green-spaces-predict-older-adults-evaluations-of-residential-facilities
#1
Veronica Cerina, Ferdinando Fornara, Sara Manca
The purpose of this study was to analyse the effects of residential facilities' design features on older adults' psychosocial responses. Participants (N = 192) were over 65-year-old residents who were randomly exposed to different experimental scenarios concerning a hypothetical residential facility for older adults, using a 3 × 2 between-subjects design (i.e. home-like vs. hotel-like vs. usual-standard architectural style; presence vs. absence of green spaces). After the experimental session, participants were asked to fill in a questionnaire that measured their attitudes towards short- and long-term relocation, anticipated residential satisfaction with the facility, and feelings of broken home attachment...
September 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922265/-stuck-in-the-icu-caring-for-children-with-chronic-critical-illness
#2
Carrie M Henderson, Erin P Williams, Miriam C Shapiro, Emily Hahn, Laura Wright-Sexton, Nancy Hutton, Renee D Boss
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal ICUs and PICUs increasingly admit patients with chronic critical illness: children whose medical complexity leads to recurrent and prolonged ICU hospitalizations. We interviewed participants who routinely care for children with chronic critical illness to describe their experiences with ICU care for pediatric chronic critical illness. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews. Interviews were transcribed and analyzed for themes. SETTING: Stakeholders came from five regions (Seattle, WA; Houston, TX; Jackson, MS; Baltimore, MD; and Philadelphia, PA)...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917187/trajectories-of-post-traumatic-stress-and-externalizing-psychopathology-among-maltreated-foster-care-youth-a-parallel-process-latent-growth-curve-model
#3
Gia Elise Barboza, Silvia Dominguez, Jyda Pinder
Few longitudinal studies have analyzed how violence exposure (e.g. child maltreatment, witnessing community violence) influence both externalizing and Post-Traumatic Stress (PTS) symptoms among children in foster care. Data from three waves of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (1999-2007) (NSCAW; National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect, 2002) were analyzed to investigate the change trajectories of both externalizing and PTS symptomatology among children with a substantiated report of child maltreatment by Child Protective Services (CPS) between October 1999 and December 2000...
September 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904030/approach-to-advanced-heart-failure-at-the-end-of-life
#4
REVIEW
Leah Steinberg, Meghan White, Jennifer Arvanitis, Amna Husain, Susanna Mak
OBJECTIVE: To outline symptom management in, as well as offer a home-based protocol for, patients with advanced heart failure (HF). SOURCES OF INFORMATION: The terms palliative care and heart failure were searched in PubMed and relevant databases. All articles were reviewed. The specific medical management protocol was developed by the "HeartFull" collaborative team at the Temmy Latner Centre for Palliative Care in Toronto, Ont. MAIN MESSAGE: Educating patients about advanced HF and helping them understand their illness and illness trajectory can foster end-of-life discussions...
September 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894313/need-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-in-critically-ill-children-a-canadian-survey
#5
Mark Duffett, Karen Choong, Jennifer Foster, Elaine Gilfoyle, Jacques Lacroix, Deborah J Cook
BACKGROUND: Stress ulcer prophylaxis is commonly used in pediatric critical care, to prevent upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The most frequently used agents are histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs) and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). The risk-benefit ratio for stress ulcer prophylaxis is uncertain, because data from randomized clinical trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness and harms of prophylaxis in children are limited. OBJECTIVE: To describe the views of Canadian pediatric intensivists about a future RCT of stress ulcer prophylaxis...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893298/learning-from-returnee-ethiopian-migrant-domestic-workers-a-qualitative-assessment-to-reduce-the-risk-of-human-trafficking
#6
Joanna Busza, Sehin Teferra, Serawit Omer, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: International migration has become a global political priority, with growing concern about the scale of human trafficking, hazardous work conditions, and resulting psychological and physical morbidity among migrants. Ethiopia remains a significant "source" country for female domestic workers to the Middle East and Gulf States, despite widespread reports of exploitation and abuse. Prior to introduction of a "safe migration" intervention, we conducted formative research to elicit lessons learned by women who had worked as domestic workers abroad...
September 11, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889915/-every-child-that-is-a-foster-child-is-marked-from-the-beginning-the-home-school-communication-experiences-of-foster-parents-of-children-with-disabilities
#7
Carolyn B Mires, David L Lee, David McNaughton
This study investigated the perceptions of foster parents of children with disabilities concerning their interactions with school personnel. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 7 foster parents of 6 children with disabilities (age range=5-16). A qualitative analysis of the interviews resulted in the identification of five thematic areas, including foster parent perceptions of: (a) the role of the foster parent, (b) the efficacy of the foster parent in helping the child learn, (c) invitations to involvement from the school (d) invitations to involvement from the child, and (e) foster child experiences in the school system...
September 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884968/boys-have-not-caught-up-family-influences-still-continue-influences-on-executive-functioning-and-behavioral-self-regulation-in-elementary-students-in-germany
#8
Catherine Gunzenhauser, Henrik Saalbach, Antje von Suchodoletz
The development of self-regulation is influenced by various child-level and family-level characteristics. Previous research focusing on the preschool period reported a female advantage in self-regulation and negative effects of various adverse features of the family environment on self-regulation. The present study aimed to investigate growth in self-regulation (i.e., executive functioning and behavioral self-regulation) over 1 school year during early elementary school and to explore the influences of child sex, the level of home chaos, and family educational resources on self-regulation...
September 8, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865642/adapting-the-patient-centered-medical-home-to-address-psychosocial-adversity-results-of-a-qualitative-study
#9
Cecilia Vu, Emily Rothman, Caroline J Kistin, Kelly Barton, Barb Bulman, Ann Budzak-Garza, Denyse Olson-Dorff, Megan H Bair-Merritt
OBJECTIVE: The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) seeks to improve population health. However, PCMH models often focus on improving treatment of chronic diseases rather than on addressing psychosocial adversity. We sought to gather key stakeholder input about how PCMHs might feasibly and sustainably address psychosocial adversity within their patient populations. METHODS: We conducted 25 semistructured interviews with key stakeholders, such as physicians, nurses, medical assistants, and patients...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864563/induced-parental-care-in-a-poison-frog-a-tadpole-cross-fostering-experiment
#10
Andrius Pašukonis, Kristina Barbara Beck, Marie-Therese Fischer, Steffen Weinlein, Susanne Stückler, Eva Ringler
Understanding the external stimuli and natural contexts that elicit complex behaviors, such as parental care, is key in linking behavioral mechanisms to their real-life function. Poison frogs provide obligate parental care by shuttling their tadpoles from terrestrial clutches to aquatic nurseries, but little is known about the proximate mechanisms that control these behaviors. In this study, we used Allobates femoralis, a poison frog with predominantly male parental care, to investigate whether tadpole transport can be induced in both sexes by transferring unrelated tadpoles to the backs of adults in the field...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840602/longing-for-homeliness-exploring-mealtime-experiences-of-patients-suffering-from-a-neurological-disease
#11
Malene Beck, Ingrid Poulsen, Bente Martinsen, Regner Birkelund
BACKGROUND: Many patients suffering from a neurological disease experience eating difficulties during mealtimes in the hospital. Consequently, they often refrain from eating in public places to avoid potentially awkward situations. Eating is an essential part of life, providing patients with comfort during their hospitalisation. Therefore, attention should be paid to these patients, who encounter eating difficulties to foster a positive mealtime experience. AIM: To study what patients afflicted with a neurological disease experience and assign meaning when participating in mealtimes during hospitalisation...
August 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839346/relationship-themes-present-between-parents-and-children-in-recovery-homes
#12
Brandon Isler, Megan Mineau, Bronwyn Hunter, Sarah Callahan, Noah Gelfman, Yvita Bustos, Isabel Dovale, Andrew Peterson, Leonard A Jason
Approximately 12.5% of children have a parent with a substance use disorder. These children are likely to experience developmental delays, especially if they are placed into foster care. Oxford House recovery homes provide a useful setting that allows children to live with their parents after treatment for substance use. A sample of parents and their children who lived in Oxford Houses were interviewed, using mixed methods, and the outcomes suggest that Oxford Houses may provide a stable and supportive setting for parents and their children...
2017: Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829676/content-validation-of-a-home-parenteral-nutrition-patient-reported-outcome-questionnaire
#13
Tracy-Lee Miller, Geoffrey W Greene, Ingrid Lofgren, Mary L Greaney, Marion F Winkler
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments collect information from patients about health conditions and disease management, including quality of life (QOL). Clinicians acknowledge patient concerns about QOL but need guidance to assess the nature and severity of individually experienced problems. The Home Parenteral Nutrition (HPN)-Patient-Reported Outcome Questionnaire (PROQ) was developed for use during medical appointments or homecare visits to address this gap. The purpose of this research was to provide evidence that the HPN-PROQ items and scale possess content validity...
August 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822253/clout-or-doubt-perspectives-on-an-infant-mental-health-service-for-young-children-placed-in-foster-care-due-to-abuse-and-neglect
#14
Fiona Turner-Halliday, Gary Kainth, Genevieve Young-Southward, Richard Cotmore, Nicholas Watson, Lynn McMahon, Helen Minnis
Despite knowledge about the profound effects of child abuse and neglect, we know little about how best to assess whether maltreated children should return home. The effectiveness of the New Orleans Intervention Model (NIM) is being tested in a randomized controlled trial where the comparison is social work 'services as usual.' The future trial results will tell us which approach produces the best outcomes for children; meanwhile qualitative process evaluation is generating intriguing findings about the perceived impact of NIM on decision-making about childrens' futures...
August 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812386/reported-use-of-technology-in-stroke-rehabilitation-by-physical-and-occupational-therapists
#15
Jeanne Langan, Heamchand Subryan, Ifeoma Nwogu, Lora Cavuoto
PURPOSE: With the patient care experience being a healthcare priority, it is concerning that patients with stroke reported boredom and a desire for greater fostering of autonomy, when evaluating their rehabilitation experience. Technology has the potential to reduce these shortcomings by engaging patients through entertainment and objective feedback. Providing objective feedback has resulted in improved outcomes and may assist the patient in learning how to self-manage rehabilitation...
August 16, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804024/staff-working-in-hospital-units-with-greater-social-capital-experience-less-work-home-conflict-secondary-analysis-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Anika Nitzsche, Ludwig Kuntz, Felix Miedaner
BACKGROUND: When the interplay between work and private life does not function correctly (work-home conflict), this constitutes a well-known risk factor for poorer health, increased absenteeism and lower work performance. Information about influencing factors of work-home conflict is therefore indispensable in order to avoid it. In this study, we analyse whether a good working atmosphere that fosters mutual trust, support and a 'sense of unity' (organizational social capital) can reduce an employee's conflict between work and private life...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792079/mentoring-relationship-quality-and-maltreated-children-s-coping
#17
Ashley A Chesmore, Lindsey M Weiler, Heather N Taussig
Coping strategies are believed to protect against the harmful effects of maltreatment on children's psychosocial outcomes. Caregivers are thought to be critical in helping children develop adaptive coping strategies, yet many maltreated children have poor and/or insecure relationships with their parents. A quality relationship with a caring, non-parental adult (e.g., a mentor), however, may be one strategy to promote healthy coping among maltreated children. Children (N = 154) in this study participated in a mentoring and skill-based program for maltreated preadolescents placed in foster care...
August 9, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771398/robin-a-telepresence-robot-to-support-older-users-monitoring-and-social-inclusion-development-and-evaluation
#18
Gabriella Cortellessa, Francesca Fracasso, Alessandra Sorrentino, Andrea Orlandini, Giulio Bernardi, Luca Coraci, Riccardo De Benedictis, Amedeo Cesta
INTRODUCTION: This article describes an enhanced telepresence robot named ROBIN, part of a telecare system derived from the GIRAFFPLUS project for supporting and monitoring older adults at home. ROBIN is integrated in a sensor-rich environment that aims to continuously monitor physical and psychological wellbeing of older persons living alone. The caregivers (formal/informal) can communicate through it with their assisted persons. Long-term trials in real houses highlighted several user requirements that inspired improvements on the robotic platform...
August 3, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765679/placement-instability-among-young-people-removed-from-their-original-family-and-the-likely-mental-health-implications
#19
Simon Rice, Sue Cotton, Kristen Moeller-Saxone, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Anne Magnus, Carol Harvey, Cathy Humphreys, Stephen Halperin, Angela Scheppokat, Patrick McGorry, Helen Herrman
BACKGROUND: Young people in out-of-home care are more likely to experience poorer mental and physical health outcomes related to their peers. Stable care environments are essential for ameliorating impacts of disruptive early childhood experiences, including exposure to psychological trauma, abuse and neglect. At present there are very few high quality data regarding the placement stability history of young people in out-of-home care in Australia or other countries. OBJECTIVES: To undertake the first systematic census of background, care type and placement stability characteristics of young people living in the out-of-home care sector in Australia...
April 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758987/a-framework-to-improve-energy-efficient-behaviour-at-home-through-activity-and-context-monitoring
#20
Óscar García, Javier Prieto, Ricardo S Alonso, Juan M Corchado
Real-time Localization Systems have been postulated as one of the most appropriated technologies for the development of applications that provide customized services. These systems provide us with the ability to locate and trace users and, among other features, they help identify behavioural patterns and habits. Moreover, the implementation of policies that will foster energy saving in homes is a complex task that involves the use of this type of systems. Although there are multiple proposals in this area, the implementation of frameworks that combine technologies and use Social Computing to influence user behaviour have not yet reached any significant savings in terms of energy...
July 31, 2017: Sensors
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