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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162181/effects-of-early-institutionalization-on-emotion-processing-in-12-year-old-youth
#1
Johanna Bick, Rhiannon Luyster, Nathan A Fox, Charles H Zeanah, Charles A Nelson
We examined facial emotion recognition in 12-year-olds in a longitudinally followed sample of children with and without exposure to early life psychosocial deprivation (institutional care). Half of the institutionally reared children were randomized into foster care homes during the first years of life. Facial emotion recognition was examined in a behavioral task using morphed images. This same task had been administered when children were 8 years old. Neutral facial expressions were morphed with happy, sad, angry, and fearful emotional facial expressions, and children were asked to identify the emotion of each face, which varied in intensity...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132286/the-gendered-experiences-of-children-in-child-headed-households-in-swaziland
#2
Nozipho Mkhatshwa
This study investigated the gender dynamics of living in child-headed households (CHHs) in a rural area in Swaziland that experiences high levels of drought, poverty and HIV and AIDS. Using a qualitative research methodology, the study examined ways in which children in CHHs meet their daily family needs and address their vulnerabilities according to their gender, focusing on the experiences of the children. The study sample consisted of 10 households, with 5 boy and 5 girl-headed households from the chiefdoms within the area...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122737/the-effect-of-the-move-more-pack-on-the-physical-activity-of-cancer-survivors-protocol-for-a-randomized-waiting-list-control-trial-with-process-evaluation
#3
Justin Webb, Chris Fife-Schaw, Jane Ogden, Jo Foster
BACKGROUND: Physical activity can improve many common side effects of cancer treatment as well as improve physical function and quality of life (QOL). In addition, physical activity can improve survival rate and reduce cancer recurrence. Despite these benefits, only 23% of cancer survivors in England are active to recommended levels. Cancer survivors are interested in lifestyle behavior change. Home-based interventions offer a promising means for changing physical activity behavior. Prediagnosis levels of physical activity and self-efficacy have been reported to be predictors of physical activity behavior change...
November 9, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119802/using-professional-expertise-in-partnership-with-families-a-new-model-of-capacity-building
#4
Teena Clerke, Nick Hopwood, Fran Chavasse, Cathrine Fowler, Sally Lee, Julie Rogers
The first five years of parenting are critical to children's development. Parents are known to respond best to interventions with a partnership-based approach, yet child and family health nurses (CFHNs) report some tension between employing their expertise and maintaining a partnership relationship. This article identifies ways in which CFHNs skilfully use their professional expertise, underpinned by helping qualities and interpersonal skills, to assist families build confidence and capacity, and thus buffer against threats to parent and child well-being...
March 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112226/new-institutionalization-in-long-term-care-after-hospital-discharge-to-skilled-nursing-facility
#5
Addie Middleton, Shuang Li, Yong-Fang Kuo, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, James S Goodwin
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Approximately half of individuals newly admitted to long-term care (LTC) nursing homes (NHs) experienced a prior hospitalization followed by discharge to a skilled nursing facility (SNF). The objective was to examine characteristics associated with new institutionalizations of older adults on this care trajectory. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: SNFs and LTC NHs. PATIENTS: Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries admitted to 7,442 SNFs in 2013 (N = 597,986)...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111798/perioperative-medicine-a-new-model-of-care
#6
Lena Al-Shammari, Deborah Douglas, Geetha Gunaratnam, Chris Jones
The discipline of perioperative medicine provides a foundation for the consistent delivery of safe and good quality care to surgical patients. Its goals include the identification and optimal care of the high-risk surgical patient, fostering patient-centred decision making throughout the surgical perioperative pathway, and reducing unwarranted variation in practice. In turn, this should reduce preventable complications and improve patient satisfaction, long-term morbidity and survival. This review concludes a series of articles which have described the epidemiology of surgical disease, the growth in the objective means of risk assessment, and novel outcome measures...
November 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107474/breakfast-quality-varies-by-location-among-low-income-ethnically-diverse-children-in-public-urban-schools
#7
Heather M Polonsky, Adam Davey, Katherine W Bauer, Gary D Foster, Sandy Sherman, Michelle L Abel, Lauren C Dale, Jennifer O Fisher
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate breakfast location and children's food choices. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 1,371 fourth- through sixth-grade students in 2013. Foods and beverages in 17 categories characterized breakfast choices: (1) ≥ 1 fruits or vegetables, (2) ≥ 1 foods high in saturated fats and added sugars (SFAS), and (3) meeting School Breakfast Program (SBP) requirements. RESULTS: Among breakfast eaters (n = 1,133; 82...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094958/minimizing-cross-cultural-maladaptation-how-minority-status-facilitates-change-in-international-acculturation
#8
Sabrina D Volpone, Dennis J Marquardt, Wendy J Casper, Derek R Avery
Culturally savvy organizations recognize that selecting and developing people who can be effective in a global workforce is important in today's business environment. Nevertheless, many companies struggle to identify and develop talent who are happy and successful working and living outside their home country. We examine 1 factor that may foster success in a host country-minority status in 1's home country-as a predictor of change in acculturation over time. Specifically, we draw on the conservation of resources model to suggest that international students who have been a member of more minority groups in their home country have unique experiences working with dissimilar others that offer advantages when acculturating to new cultures and novel situations...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076059/impact-of-care-at-foster-homes-on-the-health-related-quality-of-life-of-hiv-infected-children-and-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study-from-india
#9
K G Gopakumar, Kamalakshi G Bhat, Shantharam Baliga, Nitin Joseph, Neha Mohan, Avinash K Shetty
PURPOSE: To assess the impact of care at foster homes on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of children living with HIV (CLHIV), attending a referral ART Centre, and to compare their HRQOL with children living in their own homes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 144 CLHIV between 5 and 18 years of age, attending a referral ART Centre in South India to assess their HRQOL using the standard PedsQL™ 4.0 questionnaire. Data were then analysed to compare the HRQOL of children living in foster homes to those children living in their own homes...
October 26, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068755/caregiver-self-esteem-as-a-predictor-of-patient-relationship-satisfaction-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Emily L Mroz, Michael J Poulin, Pei C Grant, Rachel M Depner, Jennifer Breier, David J Byrwa, Scott T Wright
OBJECTIVE: Longitudinal assessment of patient-caregiver relationships will determine whether caregiver self-esteem determines patient relationship satisfaction at end of life. BACKGROUND: Research on close relationships and caregiving supports the idea that informal caregivers' self-esteem may influence their relationships with their terminally ill loved ones. However, this connection has not yet been investigated longitudinally, nor has it been applied specifically to care recipients' relationship satisfaction...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065813/enter-as-an-outsider-teaching-organizational-humility
#11
John F Clabby
The concept of cultural humility acknowledges the enormous task of becoming culturally competent by encouraging curiosity about the context within which others live. For physicians, this includes curiosity about the organizations in which they work as Outsiders in settings such as a new hospital or patients' homes. However, efforts to train healthcare professionals in cultural competence are often de-emphasized due to the pressure learners feel to acquire Medical Knowledge and clinical skills. Little time is devoted to address the significance of cultural humility for fully appreciating the experiences of others...
May 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060728/linear-sigmoidal-modelling-of-accelerometer-features-and-tinetti-score-for-automatic-fall-risk-assessment
#12
Massimo W Rivolta, Roberto Sassi
Falling in elderly is a worldwide major problem and it can lead to severe injuries or death. Despite the effort made to ensure home environments safe and foster healthy lifestyles, it is still necessary to provide methodologies that can be used at home for detect risk factors associated with falls. In this study, we proposed a new simple non-linear model, i.e., Linear-Sigmoidal model (LS), easy to fit and simple to interpret, used to model accelerometer features and outcome of the clinical scale Tinetti (clinical scale for fall risk prediction)...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056803/homelessness-and-aging-out-of-foster-care-a-national-comparison-of-child-welfare-involved-adolescents
#13
Patrick J Fowler, Katherine E Marcal, Jinjin Zhang, Orin Day, John Landsverk
The present study represents the first large-scale, prospective comparison to test whether aging out of foster care contributes to homelessness risk in emerging adulthood. A nationally representative sample of adolescents investigated by the child welfare system in 2008 to 2009 from the second cohort of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-being Study (NSCAW II) reported experiences of housing problems at 18- and 36-month follow-ups. Latent class analyses identified subtypes of housing problems, including literal homelessness, housing instability, and stable housing...
June 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056619/increasing-empathy-and-conflict-resolution-skills-through-nonviolent-communication-nvc-training-in-latino-adults-and-youth
#14
Marcianna Nosek, Maite Durán
BACKGROUND: Children of Latino immigrants often are torn between their native homes and new communities. Having supportive interpersonal relationships increases resilience to delinquent and violent behaviors stemming from immigration challenges. Communication fostering empathy may improve conflict resolution and supportive relationships. OBJECTIVES: Community-based participatory research (CBPR) was conducted to evaluate the impact of nonviolent communication (NVC) trainings in Latino adults and youth...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049059/status-of-high-body-weight-among-nurse-family-partnership-children
#15
William Thorland, Dustin Currie, Claire Colangelo
PURPOSE: Increased prevalence of high levels of body weight in early childhood has become a public health concern, given its potential association with adult obesity and related comorbidities. Both socioeconomic status and race-ethnicity are related to increased prevalence. The purpose of this study was to identify additional risk factors common to children of low-income families; and to guide quality improvement initiatives within home visiting programs, potentially fostering more desirable physical development outcomes...
November 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039756/creative-arts-therapies-as-temporary-home-for-refugees-insights-from-literature-and-practice
#16
Rebekka Dieterich-Hartwell, Sabine C Koch
One of the frequently overlooked psychosocial problems of refugees is the phenomenon of homesickness. Being forced into exile and unable to return home may cause natural feelings of nostalgia but may also result in emotional, cognitive, behavioral and physical adversities. According to the literature, the creative arts therapies with their attention to preverbal language-music, imagery, dance, role play, and movement-are able to reach individuals through the senses and promote successive integration, which can lead to transformation and therapeutic change...
October 17, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038132/provider-perspectives-of-high-quality-pediatric-hospital-to-home-transitions-for-children-and-youth-with-chronic-disease
#17
Carolyn C Foster, Elizabeth Jacob-Files, Kimberly C Arthur, Stephanie A Hillman, Todd C Edwards, Rita Mangione-Smith
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe health care providers' and hospital administrators' perspectives on how to improve pediatric hospital-to-home transitions for children and youth with chronic disease (CYCD). METHODS: Focus groups and key informant interviews of inpatient attending physicians, primary care physicians, pediatric residents, nurses, care coordinators, and social workers were conducted at a tertiary care children's hospital. Key informant interviews were performed with hospital administrators...
November 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028631/sexual-behavior-and-pregnancy-among-adolescents-in-foster-family-homes
#18
Weihai Zhan, Susan R Smith, Lynette C Warner, Fred North, Sara Wilhelm, Amanda Nowak
Objective To examine the prevalence of and factors associated with sexual behavior and pregnancy involvement among adolescents in foster family homes. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among a random sample of children living in foster family homes. Logistic regression with Firth's correction was used to determine factors associated with sexual risk behavior and pregnancy involvement (i.e. having been pregnant or gotten someone pregnant). Results About half of adolescents (aged 13-18 years) in foster family homes ever had sex, of whom, one third had first sex before the age of 14 and one sixth had two or more sexual partners in the past 3 months...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028282/characteristics-of-quality-improvement-champions-in-nursing-homes-a-systematic-review-with-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#19
Kyungmi Woo, Gvira Milworm, Dawn Dowding
BACKGROUND: Improving care quality while reducing cost has always been a focus of nursing homes. Certified nursing assistants comprise the largest proportion of the workforce in nursing homes and have the potential to contribute to the quality of care provided. Quality improvement (QI) initiatives using certified nursing assistants as champions have the potential to improve job satisfaction, which has been associated with care quality. AIMS: To identify the role, use and preparation of champions in a nursing home setting as a way of informing future QI strategies in nursing homes...
October 13, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024907/relationship-between-the-neighbourhood-built-environment-and-early-child-development
#20
Hayley Christian, Stephen J Ball, Stephen R Zubrick, Sally Brinkman, Gavin Turrell, Bryan Boruff, Sarah Foster
The relationship between features of the neighbourhood built environment and early child development was investigated using area-level data from the Australian Early Development Census. Overall 9.0% of children were developmentally vulnerable on the Physical Health and Well-being domain, 8.1% on the Social Competence domain and 8.1% on the Emotional Maturity domain. After adjustment for socio-demographic factors, Local Communities with the highest quintile of home yard space had significantly lower odds of developmental vulnerability on the Emotional Maturity domain...
October 9, 2017: Health & Place
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