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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777966/determinants-of-choice-of-delivery-place-testing-rational-choice-theory-and-habitus-theory
#1
Anja Broda, Juliane Krüger, Stephanie Schinke, Andreas Weber
OBJECTIVE: The current study uses two antipodal social science theories, the rational choice theory and the habitus theory, and applies these to describe how women choose between intraclinical (i.e., hospital-run birth clinics) and extraclinical (i.e., midwife-led birth centres or home births) delivery places. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, MEASUREMENTS: Data were collected in a cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey among 189 women. A list of 22 determinants, conceptualized to capture the two theoretical concepts, were rated on a 7-point Likert scale with 1 = unimportant to 7 = very important...
May 7, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761852/the-role-of-professionals-in-promoting-independent-living-perspectives-of-self-advocates-and-front-line-managers
#2
Maria Pallisera, Montserrat Vilà, Judit Fullana, Gemma Díaz-Garolera, Carolina Puyalto, Maria-Josep Valls
BACKGROUND: Support from professionals plays an important role in helping people with intellectual disabilities to live an independent life. This research aims to analyse the role played by support professionals based on the perceptions of the professionals and self-advocates with intellectual disabilities. The research was conducted in Catalonia (Spain). METHOD: A total of 33 interviews were conducted with front-line managers and 10 focus groups with 72 self-advocates...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755173/patients-perspectives-on-and-experiences-of-home-exercise-programmes-delivered-with-a-mobile-application
#3
Hillary Abramsky, Puneet Kaur, Mikale Robitaille, Leanna Taggio, Paul K Kosemetzky, Hillary Foster, Barbara E Gibson Bmr Pt MSc PhD, Maggie Bergeron, Patrick Jachyra
Purpose: We explored patients' perspectives on home exercise programmes (HEPs) and their experiences using a mobile application designed to facilitate home exercise. Method: Data were generated using qualitative, semi-structured, face-to-face interviews with 10 participants who were receiving outpatient physiotherapy. Results: Establishing a therapeutic partnership between physiotherapists and patients enabled therapists to customize the HEPs to the patients' lifestyles and preferences. Analysis suggests that using the mobile application improved participants' ability to integrate the HEP into their daily life and was overwhelmingly preferred to traditional paper handouts...
2018: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738507/the-association-between-quality-improvement-initiatives-in-dementia-care-and-supportive-psychosocial-work-environments-in-nursing-homes
#4
Miharu Nakanishi, Maki Tei-Tominaga
Background : Quality improvement initiatives can help nursing homes strengthen psychosocial work environments. The aim of the present study was to examine the association between supportive psychosocial work environment, and professional and organizational characteristics regarding quality improvement initiatives in dementia care. Methods : A paper questionnaire survey was administered to a convenience sample of 365 professional caregivers in 12 special nursing homes in Japan. Psychosocial work environment was assessed using the Social Capital and Ethical Climate at the Workplace Scale to calculate a score of social capital in the workplace, ethical leadership, and exclusive workplace climate...
May 8, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734887/patient-autonomy-in-home-care-nurses-relational-practices-of-responsibility
#5
Gaby Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, new healthcare policies are transforming healthcare practices towards independent living and self-care of older people and people with a chronic disease or disability within the community. For professional caregivers in home care, such as nurses, this requires a shift from a caring attitude towards the promotion of patient autonomy. AIM: To explore how nurses in home care deal with the transformation towards fostering patient autonomy and self-care...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714473/dark-classics-in-chemical-neuroscience-cathinone-derived-psychostimulants
#6
Steven J Simmons, Jonna M Leyrer-Jackson, Chicora F Oliver, Callum Hicks, John Muschamp, Scott M Rawls, M Foster Olive
Cathinone is a plant alkaloid found in khat leaves of perennial shrubs grown in East Africa. Similar to cocaine, cathinone elicits psychostimulant effects which are in part attributed to its amphetamine-like structure. Around 2010, home laboratories began altering the parent structure of cathinone to synthesize derivatives with mechanisms of action, potencies, and pharmacokinetics permitting high abuse potential and toxicity. These "synthetic cathinones" include 4-methylmethcathinone (mephedrone), 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV) and the empathogenic agent 3,4-methylenedioxymethcathinone (methylone) which collectively gained international popularity following aggressive online marketing as well as availability in various retail outlets...
May 1, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710115/effects-of-a-tablet-based-home-practice-program-with-telepractice-on-treatment-outcomes-in-chronic-aphasia
#7
Jacquie Kurland, Anna Liu, Polly Stokes
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine if a tablet-based home practice program with weekly telepractice support could enable long-term maintenance of recent treatment gains and foster new language gains in poststroke aphasia. Method: In a pre-post group study of home practice outcomes, 21 individuals with chronic aphasia were examined before and after a 6-month home practice phase and again at follow-up 4 months later. The main outcome measure studied was change in naming previously treated or untreated, practiced or unpracticed pictures of objects and actions...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679636/neuroanatomical-characteristics-of-youths-with-prenatal-opioid-and-poly-drug-exposure
#8
Egil Nygaard, Kari Slinning, Vibeke Moe, Paulina Due-Tønnessen, Anders Fjell, Kristine B Walhovd
Neuroanatomical and cognitive differences have been documented during childhood between children with prenatal opioid- and poly-drug exposure and controls in small samples. We investigated whether these differences persisted in larger samples of youth at older ages. Quantitative MRI and cognitive data were compared between 38 youths in the risk group and 44 youths in the non-exposed group (aged 17 to 22 years) who had been followed prospectively since birth. Most drug-exposed youths (84%) moved to permanent foster or adoptive homes before one year of age...
April 18, 2018: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678296/impact-of-a-low-intensity-and-broadly-inclusive-ed-care-coordination-intervention-on-linkage-to-primary-care-and-ed-utilization
#9
Sean D Foster, Kim Hart, Christopher J Lindsell, Christopher N Miller, Michael S Lyons
OBJECTIVE: We aim to evaluate the effectiveness of a broadly inclusive, comparatively low intensity intervention linking ED patients to a primary care home. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study evaluated ED patients referred for primary care linkage in a large, urban, academic ED. A care coordination specialist performed a brief interview to gauge access barriers and provide a clinic referral with optional scheduling assistance. Data were abstracted from program records and the electronic medical record...
April 5, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668737/evicted-children-and-subsequent-placement-in-out-of-home-care-a-cohort-study
#10
Lisa Berg, Lars Brännström
BACKGROUND: Evictions may have serious consequences for individuals' health and wellbeing. Even though an eviction may be experienced as a significant crisis for the family, there is little previous knowledge on consequences for evicted children. This study represents the first attempt to examine to what extent children from evicted households were separated from their parents and placed in out-of-home care (foster family or residential care) using population-based data, net of observed confounding factors related to the socioeconomic and psychosocial circumstances of their parents...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656918/proximity-to-liquor-stores-and-adolescent-alcohol-intake-a-prospective-study
#11
Georgina S A Trapp, Matthew Knuiman, Paula Hooper, Sarah Foster
INTRODUCTION: Cross-sectional studies have reported associations between liquor store availability and alcohol use among adolescents, but few prospective studies have confirmed this association. The aim of this study was to examine whether proximity to liquor stores at age 14 years was associated with alcohol intake at ages 14, 17, and 20 years. METHODS: Participants of the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study (n=999) self-reported alcohol intake at age 14 years (early adolescence, 2003-2005); age 17 years (middle adolescence, 2006-2008); and age 20 years (late adolescence, 2009-2011)...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649846/-palliative-home-care-teams-in-germany
#12
Friedemann Nauck, Maximiliane Jansky
Since 2007, patients with severe advanced life-limiting illnesses and high, complex symptom burdens have a right to receive specialized outpatient palliative care (SAPV). Multi-professional teams with heterogeneous organizational structures provide care in cooperation with primary care givers, not limited to cancer patients. The aim of SAPV is to foster patient's autonomy and quality of life. SAPV can be provided as counseling of patient and care givers, coordination of care, additional supportive and full care provision...
April 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625734/the-significance-of-digital-citizenship-in-the-well-being-of-older-migrants
#13
A Millard, L Baldassar, R Wilding
OBJECTIVES: To understand the increasingly important role of digital citizenship (the ability to participate in society online) in supporting the well-being of ageing migrants. STUDY DESIGN: Participant observation, social network mapping, ethnographic and life-history interviews. METHODS: Fifteen in-depth case studies examined the role of online participation in fostering the well-being and care of older migrants in Perth, Western Australia...
April 3, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617924/commentary-gaze-aversion-and-unnoticed-phenomena
#14
Desmond K Runyan
Child abuse is a social phenomenon that has been under-researched and under-supported. The scale of the problem is large with over 3 million US children reported for abuse or neglect each year. An estimated 15% of confirmed victims may be placed in out-of-home care to ensure their safety. Studies have not previously examined the impact of losing a child into foster care on maternal health and mortality. Family and maternal risk factors, such as teen pregnancy, intimate partner violence or drug and alcohol abuse, have been well documented as risk factors for maltreatment...
March 28, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568216/foster-children-s-behavioral-development-and-foster-parent-stress-testing-a-transactional-model
#15
Anouk Goemans, Mitch van Geel, Paul Vedder
The goal of this three-wave longitudinal study was to analyze foster parent stress and foster children's internalizing and externalizing behaviors in a transactional framework. Participants in this study were 237 children in foster care in the Netherlands with, mostly, long placement durations ( M =  56.86 months, SD  = 49.10 months). We examined concurrent, prospective unidirectional and bidirectional relations between foster children's behavior and foster parent stress by using cross-lagged structural equation modeling and examined whether the results were stable across different subgroups of foster children...
2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562825/mitchell-m-b-2016-the-neglected-transition-building-a-relational-home-for-children-entering-foster-care-mitchell-m-b-2016-the-neglected-transition-building-a-relational-home-for-children-entering-foster-care-oxford-england-oxford-university-press-125-pp-isbn
#16
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551877/the-role-of-placement-history-and-current-family-environment-in-children-s-aggression-in-foster-care
#17
Kristin J Perry, Joseph Price
Predictors of the physical and relational aggressive behavior of children in foster care were examined ( N = 160, 50.9% male, M age = 7.57, SD = 2.39). First, predictors representative of children's placement histories were examined in relation to the children's aggression at T1. Next, predictors representing characteristics of the current family environment were examined in relation to the children's aggression at T2 (four months later). Results revealed that a greater number of prior group home placements and being in a non-kinship home were associated with higher physical aggression at T1...
April 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551846/concurrent-child-history-and-contextual-predictors-of-children-s-internalizing-and-externalizing-behavior-problems-in-foster-care
#18
Kristin J Perry, Joseph M Price
This study contributes to current research on the behavior problems of children in foster care by analyzing a more comprehensive set of concurrent child history and contextual predictors. Kinship home status and sibling status (i.e., whether the sibling was a biological sibling to the foster child) were evaluated as moderators of significant associations. Data were collected at the baseline of a foster parent training intervention program prior to any intervention services using parent phone interviews ( N = 310, 51...
January 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543884/listening-to-the-community-using-formative-research-to-strengthen-maternity-waiting-homes-in-zambia
#19
Nancy A Scott, Taryn Vian, Jeanette L Kaiser, Thandiwe Ngoma, Kaluba Mataka, Elizabeth G Henry, Godfrey Biemba, Mary Nambao, Davidson H Hamer
BACKGROUND: The WHO recommends maternity waiting homes (MWH) as one intervention to improve maternal and newborn health. However, persistent structural, cultural and financial barriers in their design and implementation have resulted in mixed success in both their uptake and utilization. Guidance is needed on how to design a MWH intervention that is acceptable and sustainable. Using formative research and guided by a sustainability framework for health programs, we systematically collected data from key stakeholders and potential users in order to design a MWH intervention in Zambia that could overcome multi-dimensional barriers to accessing facility delivery, be acceptable to the community and be financially and operationally sustainable...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536792/friendship-and-money-a-qualitative-study-of-service-users-experiences-of-participating-in-a-supported-socialisation-programme
#20
Ann Sheridan, Donal O'Keeffe, Barbara Coughlan, Kate Frazer, Johnathan Drennan, Mary Kemple
BACKGROUND: Social opportunities can be limited in the lives of people with enduring mental illness (EMI) due to psychiatric stigma, restricted home environments and employment barriers. Supported socialisation programmes have the potential to redress the impact of social isolation. AIM: To explore the experiences of service users with EMI taking part in a supported socialisation programme, using written diary entries. METHODS: This article reports on the qualitative component of a randomised controlled trial of supported socialisation for people with EMI (published previously in this journal)...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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