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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208690/examining-the-relationship-between-economic-hardship-and-child-maltreatment-using-data-from-the-ontario-incidence-study-of-reported-child-abuse-and-neglect-2013-ois-2013
#1
Rachael Lefebvre, Barbara Fallon, Melissa Van Wert, Joanne Filippelli
There is strong evidence that poverty and economic disadvantage are associated with child maltreatment; however, research in this area is underdeveloped in Canada. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between economic hardship and maltreatment for families and children identified to the Ontario child protection system for a maltreatment concern. Secondary analyses of the Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2013 (OIS-2013) were conducted. The OIS-2013 examines the incidence of reported maltreatment and the characteristics of children and families investigated by child welfare authorities in Ontario in 2013...
February 8, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204921/the-impact-of-parental-offending-on-offspring-aggression-in-early-childhood-a-population-based-record-linkage-study
#2
Stacy Tzoumakis, Kimberlie Dean, Melissa J Green, Catherine Zheng, Maina Kariuki, Felicity Harris, Vaughan J Carr, Kristin R Laurens
PURPOSE: To examine the impact of parental criminal offending, both paternal and maternal, on offspring aggression at age 5 years, while also considering key risk factors, including parental mental illness, child's sex, and socioeconomic disadvantage. METHODS: The sample comprised 69,116 children, with linked parental information, from the New South Wales Child Development Study, a population-based multi-agency, multi-generational record linkage study that combines information from a teacher-reported cross-sectional survey of early childhood development at age 5 years (the 2009 Australian Early Development Census; AEDC) with data obtained via administrative records from multiple sources (e...
February 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190907/old-habits-die-hard-lingering-son-preference-in-an-era-of-normalizing-sex-ratios-at-birth-in-south-korea
#3
Sam Hyun Yoo, Sarah R Hayford, Victor Agadjanian
South Korea was among the first countries to report both an abnormally high sex ratio at birth (SRB) and its subsequent normalization. We examine the role of son preference in driving fertility intentions during a period of declining SRB and consider the contribution of individual characteristics and broader social context to explaining changes in intentions. We employ data from the National Survey on Fertility, Family Health and Welfare that span 1991-2012. We find that reported son preference declined to a great extent but remained substantial by the end of the observation period, and that the intention to have a third child still differed by sex of existing children...
2017: Population Research and Policy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187167/the-sociodemographic-behavioral-reproductive-and-health-factors-associated-with-fertility-in-brazil
#4
Cesar Augusto Oviedo Tejada, Lívia Madeira Triaca, Flávia Katrein da Costa, Franciele Hellwig
High fertility rates among disadvantaged subgroups are a public health problem because fertility levels significantly affect socioeconomic conditions and a population's welfare. This paper aims to analyze the sociodemographic, behavioral, and reproductive factors associated with fertility rates among Brazilian women aged between 15-49 years. A Poisson regression was used to analyze data from the 2006 PNDS (Pesquisa Nacional de Demografia e Saúde da Criança e da Mulher), which evaluates socioeconomic, demographic, geographic, reproductive, behavioral, and chronic disease variables...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184313/juvenile-delinquency-welfare-justice-and-therapeutic-interventions-a-global-perspective
#5
REVIEW
Susan Young, Ben Greer, Richard Church
This review considers juvenile delinquency and justice from an international perspective. Youth crime is a growing concern. Many young offenders are also victims with complex needs, leading to a public health approach that requires a balance of welfare and justice models. However, around the world there are variable and inadequate legal frameworks and a lack of a specialist workforce. The UK and other high-income countries worldwide have established forensic child and adolescent psychiatry, a multifaceted discipline incorporating legal, psychiatric and developmental fields...
February 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169352/metacarpal-bone-plane-examination-by-ultrasonography-for-the-diagnosis-of-fetal-forearm-and-hand-deformity
#6
Leiping Zhou, Mingli Lv, Min Zeng, Yun Zhou, Tian Yang, Yu Yang, Yunyun Cao, Xiaoxiao Kong, Jianmei Niu
We explored the value of the metacarpal bone plane in screening for serious fetal forearm and hand deformities, excluding simple polydactyly and dactylion deformity, by ultrasonographic examination. Observed the second to fifth metacarpal bone plane of fetuses in 20,139 pregnant women at a gestational age of 16 to 30 weeks in The International Peace Maternity &Child Health Hospital of China Welfare Institute (IPMCH). There was a total 138 cases of fetal forearm and/or hand deformity among the 20,139 pregnant women...
February 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168273/child-welfare-practice-within-the-context-of-public-private-partnerships
#7
Crystal Collins-Camargo, Bowen McBeath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155288/association-between-depression-in-carers-and-malnutrition-in-children-aged-6-months-to-5-years
#8
Keneilwe Motlhatlhedi, Vincent Setlhare, Adewale Ganiyu, Jacqueline Firth
BACKGROUND:  Childhood malnutrition is an important risk factor for child mortality and underlies close to 50% of child deaths worldwide. Previous studies have found an association between maternal depression and child malnutrition, but it is not known whether this association exists in Botswana. In addition, previous studies excluded non-maternal primary caregivers (PCGs). It is unclear whether the association between primary caregiver depression and child malnutrition remains when non-maternal PCGs are included...
January 30, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154476/maltreated-and-comparison-adolescents-recollections-of-lifetime-residences-relationship-to-delinquency-and-marijuana-use
#9
Janet U Schneiderman, Andrea K Kennedy, Sonya Negriff, Jennifer Jones, Penelope K Trickett
Both childhood maltreatment and frequent childhood residence changes are associated with poor behavioral outcomes including drug use and delinquency. It is not clear whether a higher number of residences results in poorer outcomes for maltreated adolescents compared to adolescents living in the same community but without child welfare-documented maltreatment. Our study of child welfare-affiliated maltreated youth (n=216) and comparison youth (n=128) from the same community (age M = 18.21, SD = 1.42) examined: 1...
December 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152611/effects-of-the-abc-intervention-on-foster-children-s-receptive-vocabulary
#10
Kristin Bernard, Amy Hyoeun Lee, Mary Dozier
Children with histories of maltreatment and disruptions in care are at elevated risk for impairments in early language development, which contribute to difficulties in other developmental domains across childhood. Given research demonstrating associations between parent responsiveness and children's early language development, we examined whether a parenting intervention administered in infancy improved preschool receptive language skills in children involved with the child welfare system. Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up (ABC) is a 10-session intervention that aims to enhance parent-child interactions...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147452/an-open-trial-of-equine-assisted-therapy-for-children-exposed-to-problematic-parental-substance-use
#11
Menka Tsantefski, Lynne Briggs, Jessica Griffiths, Anne Tidyman
Children exposed to problematic parental substance use (PPSU) often face a number of deleterious developmental outcomes, yet these children are less likely to become known to child protection and welfare services. Although there is a growing evidence base for equine-assisted therapy (EAT) as an effective treatment modality for atypically developing children and adolescents, scant research has explored the benefit of EAT for children exposed to PPSU. The current study is the first to explore the benefit of EAT for children exposed to PPSU in Victoria, Australia...
February 1, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146649/a-multimodal-intervention-for-children-with-adhd-reduces-inequity-in-health-and-education-outcomes
#12
Jennifer E Enns, Jason R Randall, Mark Smith, Dan Chateau, Carole Taylor, Marni Brownell, James M Bolton, Elaine Burland, Alan Katz, Laurence Y Katz, Nathan C Nickel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a multimodal intervention for children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) resulted in better long-term health and education outcomes and reduced inequity across the socioeconomic gradient. METHOD: We analyzed administrative data held in the Manitoba Population Research Data Repository describing recipients of a combined pharmacological/behavioural intervention for ADHD. The study cohort included children aged 5 to 17 years who visited the Manitoba Adolescent Treatment Centre's ADHD intervention service at least 3 times (2007-2012)...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139252/childhood-sexual-abuse-sexual-motives-and-adolescent-sexual-risk-taking-among-males-and-females-receiving-child-welfare-services
#13
Christine Wekerle, Abby L Goldstein, Masako Tanaka, Lil Tonmyr
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is associated with multiple negative outcomes, including increased risky sexual behavior. To date, the majority of research on the relationship between CSA and risky sex in adolescence has been limited, with a lack of focus on males and youth receiving child welfare services. Participants in the current study were 297 youth (mean age=15.98; SD=1.01, 57.6% female) from the child welfare system who reported being sexually active at the time of the survey. CSA was associated with severity of other types of maltreatment for both genders, and exposure to intimate partner violence for females only...
January 27, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137674/the-temporal-spatial-distribution-of-seriously-maltreated-children
#14
Holly Thurston, Bridget Freisthler, Janice Bell, Daniel Tancredi, Patrick S Romano, Sheridan Miyamoto, Jill G Joseph
This descriptive study utilized Bernoulli and Poisson spatial scan statistical models in SatScan v.9.4 to examine the distribution in space and time of residence of maltreatment cases-operationalized as families with serious maltreatment (resulting in death or hospitalization) of children under 6 years-for the presence of clusters ("hot spots"). In the Poisson model, a population dataset of serious maltreatment cases were non-randomly dispersed in four major areas, with these "hot spots" moving over time and space...
February 2017: Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129751/practising-proportionate-universalism-a-study-protocol-of-an-extended-postnatal-home-visiting-programme-in-a-disadvantaged-area-in-stockholm-sweden
#15
Bo Burström, Anneli Marttila, Asli Kulane, Lene Lindberg, Kristina Burström
BACKGROUND: In spite of a well-developed welfare system in Sweden, there are important health divides between residential areas in Stockholm county, with shorter life expectancy in disadvantaged areas. These socioeconomic and health divides also affect children. Extra efforts and organized collaboration by different authorities are required to meet the greater needs of children growing up in these areas. METHODS/DESIGN: This article reports on the programme logic and evaluation design of an extended postnatal home visiting programme in collaboration between child health services and social services in the Rinkeby area, Stockholm, Sweden, where a large proportion are recent immigrants and more than 50% are at-risk of poverty...
January 28, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124806/-unladylike-commotion-early-feminism-and-nursing-s-role-in-gender-trans-dialogue
#16
Marsha D Fowler
From nursing's history comes the impetus and grounding for our current voice in gender/trans dialogue. Modern nursing struggled its way into being against restrictive, unjust, and oppressive social structures. Many of the obstructions and constraints that nurses and nursing leaders faced were shared by the general populace of women, and yet nurses were different from other women. Nurses worked outside the home, caring for strangers, including unrelated men, in a period when women were otherwise confined to the home...
January 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118100/medical-social-work-practice-in-child-protection-in-china-a-multiple-case-study-in-shanghai-hospitals
#17
Fang Zhao, Juha Hämäläinen, Yu-Ting Chen
With the rapid development of the child welfare system in China over recent years, medical social work has been increasingly involved in providing child protection services in several hospitals in Shanghai. Focusing on five cases in this paper, the exploratory study aims to present a critical overview of current practices and effects of medical social work for child protection, based on a critical analysis of the multidimensional role of social work practitioners engaged in the provision of child protection services as well as potential challenges...
January 24, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092738/hearing-children-s-voices-including-children-s-perspectives-on-their-experiences-of-domestic-violence-in-welfare-reports-prepared-for-the-english-courts-in-private-family-law-proceedings
#18
Gillian S Macdonald
This research examined Children and Family Court Advisory and Support Service (Cafcass) reports prepared for private family court proceedings in domestic violence cases in England. The research found that in cases where children's accounts identified them as victims of violence, these disclosures regularly disappeared from report recommendations. Particular discourses regarding 'child welfare' and 'contact' were identified, which routinely impacted on the ways in which children's voices were taken into account...
January 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064109/interagency-collaboration-strengthening-substance-abuse-resources-in-child-welfare
#19
Amy S He, Jon Phillips
Supporting child welfare (CW) workers' ability to accurately assess substance abuse needs and link families to appropriate services is critical given the high prevalence of parental substance use disorders (SUD) among CW-involved cases. Several barriers hinder this process, including CW workers' lack of expertise for identifying SUD needs and scarcity of treatment resources. Drawing from theories and emergent literature on interagency collaboration, this study examined the role of collaboration in increasing the availability of resources for identifying and treating SUDs in CW agencies...
January 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054254/age-at-arrival-and-life-chances-among-childhood-immigrants
#20
Are Skeie Hermansen
This study examines the causal relationship between childhood immigrants' age at arrival and their life chances as adults. I analyze panel data on siblings from Norwegian administrative registries, which enables me to disentangle the effect of age at arrival on adult socioeconomic outcomes from all fixed family-level conditions and endowments shared by siblings. Results from sibling fixed-effects models reveal a progressively stronger adverse influence of immigration at later stages of childhood on completed education, employment, adult earnings, occupational attainment, and social welfare assistance...
February 2017: Demography
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