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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924109/care-of-newborn-in-the-community-and-at-home
#1
REVIEW
S B Neogi, J Sharma, M Chauhan, R Khanna, M Chokshi, R Srivastava, P K Prabhakar, A Khera, R Kumar, S Zodpey, V K Paul
India has contributed immensely toward generating evidence on two key domains of newborn care: Home Based Newborn Care (HBNC) and community mobilization. In a model developed in Gadchiroli (Maharashtra) in the 1990s, a package of Interventions delivered by community health workers during home visits led to a marked decline in neonatal deaths. On the basis of this experience, the national HBNC program centered around Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) was introduced in 2011, and is now the main community-level program in newborn health...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919242/reducing-child-abuse-amongst-adolescents-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-pre-post-trial-in-south-africa
#2
Lucie Cluver, Franziska Meinck, Alexa Yakubovich, Jenny Doubt, Alice Redfern, Catherine Ward, Nasteha Salah, Sachin De Stone, Tshiamo Petersen, Phelisa Mpimpilashe, Rocio Herrero Romero, Lulu Ncobo, Jamie Lachman, Sibongile Tsoanyane, Yulia Shenderovich, Heidi Loening, Jasmina Byrne, Lorraine Sherr, Lauren Kaplan, Frances Gardner
BACKGROUND: No known studies have tested the effectiveness of child abuse prevention programmes for adolescents in low- or middle-income countries. 'Parenting for Lifelong Health' ( http://tiny.cc/whoPLH ) is a collaborative project to develop and rigorously test abuse-prevention parenting programmes for free use in low-resource contexts. Research aims of this first pre-post trial in South Africa were: i) to identify indicative effects of the programme on child abuse and related outcomes; ii) to investigate programme safety for testing in a future randomised trial, and iii) to identify potential adaptations...
July 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917969/targeted-social-protection-in-a-pastoralist-economy-case-study-from-kenya
#3
S A Janzen, N D Jensen, A G Mude
Social protection programmes are designed to help vulnerable populations - including pastoralists - maintain a basic level of well-being, manage risk, and cope with negative shocks. Theory suggests that differential targeting according to poverty status can increase the reach and effectiveness of budgeted social protection programmes. Chronically poor households benefit most from social protection designed to help them meet their basic needs and make vital investments necessary to graduate from poverty. Vulnerable non-destitute households benefit from protection against costly temporary shocks, but do not necessarily need regular assistance...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909390/child-welfare-involved-parents-and-pathways-triple-p-perceptions-of-program-acceptability-and-appropriateness
#4
Ericka M Lewis, Megan Feely, Kristen D Seay, Nicole Fedoravicis, Patricia L Kohl
Nearly half of children in the child welfare system have clinically significant behavior problems and are at risk of developing disruptive behavioral disorders. Yet, behavioral parent training interventions, which are the most effective way to treat these problems, are rarely provided to child welfare involved families. As a result, little is known about the acceptability and appropriateness of these parent training interventions with these families. This qualitative study explored implementation outcomes of an evidenced-based parenting intervention, Pathways Triple P, with families in the child welfare system...
December 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891762/judicial-reliance-on-parental-iq-in-appellate-level-child-welfare-cases-involving-parents-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#5
Ella Callow, Munazza Tahir, Maurice Feldman
BACKGROUND: Parents with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) are over-represented in child welfare cases. Although IQ per se is an invalid indicator of parenting abilities, this study examined the prevalence of judicial consideration of parental IQ test evidence in US appellate cases. METHODS: The present authors conducted Boolean searches of Westlaw Corporation's case database since 1999. The present authors used a six-question checklist to survey the 42 most recent American appellate cases involving termination of parental rights (TPR) decisions that included evidence of parental intellectual and developmental disabilities based on IQ...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886518/maltreatment-family-environment-and-social-risk-factors-determinants-of-the-child-welfare-to-juvenile-justice-transition-among-maltreated-children-and-adolescents
#6
Sarah Vidal, Dana Prince, Christian M Connell, Colleen M Caron, Joy S Kaufman, Jacob K Tebes
This study prospectively examines the transition from the child welfare system into the juvenile justice system among 10,850 maltreated children and adolescents and explores how patterns of risks, including severity and chronicity of maltreatment, adverse family environment, and social risk factors, affect service systems transition. Almost three percent of maltreated children and adolescents had their first juvenile justice adjudication within an average of approximately six years of their initial child protective services investigation (CPS)...
November 22, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884507/childhood-adversity-and-the-risk-of-substance-use-and-delinquency-the-role-of-protective-adult-relationships
#7
Samantha M Brown, Audrey M Shillington
Youth involved in the child welfare system experience multiple early adversities that can contribute to increased risk of substance use and delinquency. Although adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been associated with poorer behavioral outcomes among youth, less is known about the possible protective factors that may influence the relationship between early adversity and risk-taking behavior. This study examined whether protective adult relationships moderated the link between cumulative ACEs and substance use and delinquency after controlling for demographic characteristics in child welfare-involved youth...
November 21, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878930/good-enough-support-exploring-the-attitudes-knowledge-and-experiences-of-practitioners-in-social-services-and-child-welfare-working-with-mothers-with-intellectual-disability
#8
Iva Strnadová, Jana Bernoldová, Zdeňka Adamčíková, Jan Klusáček
BACKGROUND: This study examined the attitudes, knowledge and experiences of practitioners in social services and child welfare working with mothers with intellectual disability. METHOD: The authors used a national survey, which was completed by 329 participants. Descriptive statistics and frequency tables were generated, and the associations between variables and differences between various subgroups of the sample were made. The open questions were analysed using the processes involved in content analysis...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865013/dancing-around-families-neonatal-nurses-and-child-protection
#9
Tina Saltmarsh, Denise Wilson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the processes neonatal intensive care nurses used in their child protection role with pre-term infants. BACKGROUND: Neonatal nurses' screening for family violence is important in identifying at-risk preterm infants requiring protection upon discharge from neonatal intensive care settings. We know little about neonatal nurses and their role in child protection. DESIGN: A qualitative research design using Glaserian Grounded Theory...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864499/project-no-rest-addressing-human-trafficking-in-north-carolina
#10
Dean F Duncan
Project NO REST (North Carolina Organizing and Responding to the Exploitation and Sexual Trafficking of Children) is a 5-year effort funded by the US Children's Bureau to address the trafficking of individuals age 25 years and younger in North Carolina. The project aims to increase awareness of human trafficking affecting children and youth, especially those in the child welfare system; to reduce the number of these youth who are trafficked; and to improve outcomes for those who are trafficked. In the project's first year, nearly 100 stakeholders statewide developed a comprehensive plan to address trafficking...
November 2016: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863527/the-role-of-social-position-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescence-for-life-course-trajectories-of-education-and-work-a-cohort-study
#11
Evelina Landstedt, Anna Brydsten, Anne Hammarström, Pekka Virtanen, Ylva B Almquist
BACKGROUND: While a vast amount of studies confirm the social reproduction of class and status from one generation to the next, less is known about the role of health in the child generation for these processes. Research has shown that particularly mental distress in adolescence is important for future life chances. This study aimed to examine the importance of parental socioeconomic position and depressive symptoms in youth for life-course trajectories of education and labour market attachment among men and women...
November 18, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854538/parental-refusal-of-childhood-vaccines-and-medical-neglect-laws
#12
Efthimios Parasidis, Douglas J Opel
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relation of vaccine refusal and medical neglect under child welfare laws. METHODS: We used the Westlaw legal database to search court opinions from 1905 to 2016 and identified cases in which vaccine refusal was the sole or a primary reason in a neglect proceeding. We also delineated if religious or philosophical exemptions from required school immunizations were available at the time of adjudication. RESULTS: Our search yielded 9 cases from 5 states...
January 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853852/-diagnostics-and-initial-estimation-of-refugee-minors
#13
T Sukale, C Hertel, E Möhler, J Joas, M Müller, T Banaschewski, R Schepker, M G Kölch, J M Fegert, P L Plener
The number of underage refugees arriving in Germany has rapidly increased since 2015. Many of these children and adolescents have been and still are, exposed to a large number of stressful circumstances. The group of those helping refugee minors is heterogeneous with both volunteers and professional workers from the fields of child welfare and healthcare services. Easily applicable instruments to assess both burdens and resources are needed in order to plan appropriate interventions. This paper focuses on instruments for assessing the circumstances of refugee minors and includes pilot data of an online-based screening instrument to assess burdens and resources (providing online resource and trauma assessment for refugees, PORTA)...
November 16, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852690/maternal-use-of-mild-analgesics-during-pregnancy-associated-with-reduced-anogenital-distance-in-sons-a-cohort-study-of-1027-mother-child-pairs
#14
Dorte Vesterholm Lind, Katharina M Main, Henriette Boye Kyhl, David Møbjerg Kristensen, Jorma Toppari, Helle Raun Andersen, Marianne Skovsager Andersen, Niels E Skakkebæk, Tina Kold Jensen
STUDY QUESTION: Is maternal use of mild analgesics in pregnancy associated with anogenital distance (AGD)-the distance from the anus to the genitals-in the offspring? SUMMARY ANSWER: Maternal use of mild analgesics [especially simultaneous use of paracetamol and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)] during pregnancy was associated with a shorter AGD in boys whereas no effect was found in girls. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Mild analgesics including paracetamol (acetaminophen) and NSAIDs (e...
November 16, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846828/the-potential-effectiveness-of-the-nutrition-improvement-program-on-infant-and-young-child-feeding-and-nutritional-status-in-the-northwest-and-southwest-regions-of-cameroon-central-africa
#15
Kate Reinsma, Godlove Nkuoh, Emmanuel Nshom
BACKGROUND: Despite the recent international focus on maternal and child nutrition, little attention is paid to nutrition capacity development. Although infant feeding counselling by health workers increases caregivers' knowledge, and improves breastfeeding, complementary feeding, and children's linear growth, most of the counselling in sub-Saharan Africa is primarily conducted by nurses or volunteers, and little is done to develop capacity for nutrition at the professional, organizational, or systemic levels...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845550/child-and-adolescent-mental-health-care-in-iran-current-status-and-future-directions
#16
Vandad Sharifi, Ramin Mojtabai, Zahra Shahrivar, Javad Alaghband-Rad, Hadi Zarafshan, Lawrence Wissow
BACKGROUND: The need for mental health care among children and adolescents in Iran, as in other low and middle income countries (LAMIC) remains mostly unmet. In this paper, we sought to provide an overview of the extent of unmet need and mental health services in Iran. We also aimed to propose approaches to address this gap. METHOD: We reviewed the published epidemiologic studies of child and adolescent mental and behavioral health problems in Iran. We also examined the current status of child mental health services and the gaps between current needs and available services based on published literature that included papers published in scientific journals, as well as governmental and other administrative reports...
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837009/a-technology-mediated-approach-to-the-implementation-of-an-evidence-based-child-maltreatment-prevention-program
#17
Shannon R Self-Brown, Melissa C Osborne, Whitney Rostad, Ed Feil
Implementation of evidence-based parenting programs is critical for parents at-risk for child maltreatment perpetration; however, widespread use of effective programs is limited in both child welfare and prevention settings. This exploratory study sought to examine whether a technology-mediated approach to SafeCare(®) delivery can feasibly assist newly trained providers in achieving successful implementation outcomes. Thirty-one providers working in child welfare or high-risk prevention settings were randomized to either SafeCare Implementation with Technology-Assistance (SC-TA) or SafeCare Implementation as Usual (SC-IU)...
November 11, 2016: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833649/use-of-moulded-hearing-protectors-by-child-care-workers-an-interventional-pilot-study
#18
Peter Koch, Johanna Stranzinger, Jan Felix Kersten, Albert Nienhaus
BACKGROUND: Employees of a multi-site institution for children and adolescents started to wear moulded hearing protectors (MHPs) during working hours, as they were suffering from a high level of noise exposure. It was agreed with the institutional physician and the German Institution for Statutory Accident Insurance and Prevention in the Health and Welfare Services (BGW) that this presented an opportunity to perform a scientific study to investigate potential beneficial effects on risk of burnout and subjective noise exposure at work when child care workers wear MHPs...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829473/a-qualitative-kaupapa-m%C3%A4-ori-approach-to-understanding-infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-of-m%C3%A4-ori-and-pacific-grandparents-in-auckland-new-zealand
#19
Rachel Tapera, Matire Harwood, Anneka Anderson
OBJECTIVE: The present research sought to better understand the barriers, facilitators, attitudes and beliefs that influence the way Māori and Samoan grandparents feed their grandchildren in a deprived urban neighbourhood in New Zealand. DESIGN: The research adopted a qualitative methodology that was consistent with a Kaupapa Māori research approach. Seven semi-structured interviews were conducted with grandparents to collect narrative data. SETTING: Sampling occurred in one Auckland suburb...
November 10, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808408/the-california-linkages-program-doorway-to-housing-support-for-child-welfare-involved-parents
#20
Amy D'Andrade, James David Simon, Danna Fabella, Lolita Castillo, Cesar Mejia, David Shuster
Housing instability can complicate parents' efforts to provide for their children. Child welfare service agencies have had difficulty adequately serving parents' housing needs due to limited and constrained funding streams. This article integrates the voices of four important stakeholders to illuminate how an innovative model of service system coordination called Linkages addresses housing needs for child welfare-involved parents eligible for public assistance. Facilitated by Linkages, these parents can receive supportive housing services through programs affiliated with the California public assistance program CalWORKs...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
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