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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922075/factors-associated-with-optimal-antenatal-care-use-in-northern-region-ghana
#1
Abdulai Abubakari, Faith Agbozo, Gilbert Abotisem Abiiro
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the factors associated with optimal use of antenatal care (ANC), that is, four or more times during pregnancy. METHODS: A facility-based cross-sectional survey was conducted between February and August 2014 among nursing mothers (n = 578) attending postnatal and child welfare clinics in three districts in Northern Ghana, representing urban, peri-urban and rural zones. The developed questionnaire aided the collection of information on maternal demographic characteristics, health status, household assets, and ANC attendance...
September 18, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913829/a-retrospective-examination-of-child-protection-involvement-among-young-adults-accessing-homelessness-services
#2
Emily Putnam-Hornstein, Bridgette Lery, Jonathan Hoonhout, Susanna Curry
Childhood maltreatment is associated with a variety of young adult adversities including homelessness. This study used linked administrative records to develop a population-level, epidemiological characterization of the child protection histories of young adults accessing homelessness services. The records of all 17- to 24-year-olds receiving homeless services between 2011 and 2014 in San Francisco County, California (n = 2241) were probabilistically linked to statewide child protective service (CPS) records...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891758/effects-of-an-evidence-based-parenting-program-on-biobehavioral-stress-among-at-risk-mothers-for-child-maltreatment-a-pilot-study
#3
Ashwini Tiwari, Shannon Self-Brown, Betty S Lai, Colleen McCarty, Laura Carruth
Parental stress is an important risk factor for child maltreatment (CM) perpetration. Evidence-based, parent-training programs can decrease CM perpetration risk and reduce self-reported parental stress; however, little is known about how such programs impact physiological stress correlates. In this quasi-experimental pilot study, maternal biobehavioral responses were measured in response to SafeCare®, an evidence-based program targeting CM, often implemented by social workers in child welfare settings. Maternal participants (N = 18) were recruited to complete SafeCare and repeated within-subject assessments pre- and post-intervention...
September 11, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886470/exploring-member-perspectives-on-participation-on-child-welfare-citizen-review-panels-a-national-study
#4
J Jay Miller, Crystal Collins-Camargo, Blake Jones, Chunling Niu
The year 2016 marked the 20th anniversary of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) amendments (P.L. 104-235) that mandated Citizen Review Panels (CRPs). CRPs are citizen volunteer groups authorized by United States (U.S.) federal law to examine policies and procedures of state child welfare agencies. Despite the potential of CRPs to positively impact child welfare systems outcomes associated with child abuse and neglect, and the millions of dollars in resources allocated to these groups, there remains a dearth in the literature about CRPs...
September 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885947/family-functioning-differences-across-the-deployment-cycle-in-british-army-families-the-perceptions-of-wives-and-children
#5
Rachel E Pye, Leanne K Simpson
INTRODUCTION: Military deployment can have an adverse effect on a soldier's family, though little research has looked at these effects in a British sample. We investigated wives' of U.K.-serving soldiers perceptions of marital and family functioning, across three stages of the deployment cycle: currently deployed, postdeployment and predeployed, plus a nonmilitary comparison group. Uniquely, young (aged 3.5-11 years) children's perceptions of their family were also investigated, using the parent-child alliance (PCA) coding scheme of drawings of the family...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882162/factors-influencing-the-practice-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-among-nursing-mothers-in-a-peri-urban-district-of-ghana
#6
Kofi Akohene Mensah, Enoch Acheampong, Francis Owusu Anokye, Paul Okyere, Emmanuel Appiah-Brempong, Rose Odotei Adjei
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is one of the optimal infant and young child feeding practices. Globally, <40% of infants under 6 months of age are exclusively breastfed. In Ghana, 63% of children <6 months are exclusively breastfed which is far less than the 100% recommended by the United Nation Children Emergency Fund. This study was carried out to find out the factors that influence the practice of exclusive breastfeeding in the district. METHODS: A cross-sectional quantitative study was conducted using structured questionnaires...
September 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863393/child-maltreatment-characteristics-as-predictors-of-heterogeneity-in-internalizing-symptom-trajectories-among-children-in-the-child-welfare-system
#7
Susan Yoon
This study investigated heterogeneity in the developmental trajectories of internalizing symptoms among 541 children who were involved with the child welfare system and examined child maltreatment characteristics, including types, level of harm, and timing, as predictors of internalizing trajectory patterns. Secondary longitudinal research was conducted using data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being-I, collected from 1999 to 2007 in the United States. Three distinct trajectory groups were identified: high-decreasing; low-increasing; and low-stable Sexual abuse, emotional abuse, neglect, and more severe levels of harm from maltreatment predicted membership in two maladaptive groups compared to the low-stable group...
August 28, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862324/do-sleep-problems-mediate-the-link-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-delinquency-in-preadolescent-children-in-foster-care
#8
Erin P Hambrick, Sonia L Rubens, Thomas W Brawner, Heather N Taussig
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with multiple mental and physical health problems. Yet, mechanisms by which ACEs confer risk for specific problems are largely unknown. Children in foster care typically have multiple ACEs and high rates of negative sequelae, including delinquent behaviors. Mechanisms explaining this link have not been explored in this population. Impaired sleep has been identified as a potential mechanism by which ACEs lead to delinquency in adolescents, because inadequate sleep may lead to poor executive function and cognitive control - known risk factors for delinquency...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853042/-future-development-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-in-austria
#9
Leonhard Thun-Hohenstein, Rainer Fliedl, Kathrin Sevecke, Andreas Karwautz
Anniversaries are turningpoints for reflexions of the past and planing for the future. In conclusion of all papers in this actual issue one can say tha CAP has reached a respected place in the medical landscape. Also internationally, the work of Austrian child and adolescent psychiatrist is recognised and respected. CAP is cooperating as an respected discipline with adjacent specialties as pediatrics and psychiatry as well as with external partners as Kinder- und Jugendhilfe (social child welfare).Anyway, the actual situation shows several deficits concerning patient care on all levels of the health system as well as in education and training of sufficient numbers of child and adolescent psychiatrists...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853003/-preventive-human-rights-monitoring-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-and-welfare-institutions
#10
Ernst Berger, Caroline Paar
Since 1 July 2012 the Austrian Ombudsman Board (AOB) together with its six regional expert commissions form the so called "National Prevention Mechanism" implementing the UN Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (OPCAT). The commissions are mandated to conduct regular, unrestricted and unannounced visits to all types of places in which there is or can be a deprivation or restriction of personal liberty, such as prisons, police stations, but also psychiatric hospitals or residential homes/groups for children and juveniles supervised by youth welfare services...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852992/foster-and-adoptive-parent-perspectives-on-needs-and-services-a-mixed-methods-study
#11
Erin R Barnett, Mary K Jankowski, Rebecca L Butcher, Catherine Meister, Rebecca R Parton, Robert E Drake
Caring for children with complex needs severely stresses foster and adoptive parents, but few studies have examined their perspectives on needs and services. To examine parental views, the authors analyzed four focus groups (n = 27 participants) and one state-wide survey (n = 512 respondents, 42% of 1206 contacted) of foster and adoptive parents in one state. Results highlighted inadequate communication between providers and families, cultural and legal barriers, needs for parent training and preparation, the importance of several types of parent supports, and needs for specialized mental health treatment for the children...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827868/silence-of-male-child-sexual-abuse-in-india-qualitative-analysis-of-barriers-for-seeking-psychiatric-help-in-a-multidisciplinary-unit-in-a-general-hospital
#12
Vyjayanthi Kanugodu Srinivasa Subramaniyan, Praveen Reddy, Girish Chandra, Chandrika Rao, T S Sathyanarayana Rao
INTRODUCTION: In 2007, Ministry of Women and Child Welfare, supported by United Nations Children's Fund, save the children and Prayas conducted a study to understand the magnitude of child abuse in India, they found that 53.22% children faced one or more forms of sexual abuse; among them, the number of boys abused was 52.94%. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the barriers for seeking psychiatric help by qualitative analysis of stake holders of male victims of child abuse...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823111/welfare-to-work-interventions-and-their-effects-on-the-mental-and-physical-health-of-lone-parents-and-their-children
#13
REVIEW
Marcia Gibson, Hilary Thomson, Kasia Banas, Vittoria Lutje, Martin J McKee, Susan P Martin, Candida Fenton, Clare Bambra, Lyndal Bond
BACKGROUND: Lone parents in high-income countries have high rates of poverty (including in-work poverty) and poor health. Employment requirements for these parents are increasingly common. 'Welfare-to-work' (WtW) interventions involving financial sanctions and incentives, training, childcare subsidies and lifetime limits on benefit receipt have been used to support or mandate employment among lone parents. These and other interventions that affect employment and income may also affect people's health, and it is important to understand the available evidence on these effects in lone parents...
August 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822253/clout-or-doubt-perspectives-on-an-infant-mental-health-service-for-young-children-placed-in-foster-care-due-to-abuse-and-neglect
#14
Fiona Turner-Halliday, Gary Kainth, Genevieve Young-Southward, Richard Cotmore, Nicholas Watson, Lynn McMahon, Helen Minnis
Despite knowledge about the profound effects of child abuse and neglect, we know little about how best to assess whether maltreated children should return home. The effectiveness of the New Orleans Intervention Model (NIM) is being tested in a randomized controlled trial where the comparison is social work 'services as usual.' The future trial results will tell us which approach produces the best outcomes for children; meanwhile qualitative process evaluation is generating intriguing findings about the perceived impact of NIM on decision-making about childrens' futures...
August 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816486/father-support-and-adjustment-difficulties-among-youth-in-residential-care-the-moderating-role-of-peer-victimization-and-gender
#15
Shalhevet Attar-Schwartz, Adi Fridman-Teutsch
Father support of young people living in out-of-home settings is a neglected area of research. The study examines the moderating role of peer victimization in the association between father support and adjustment difficulties among male and female adolescents in residential care settings. Using random cluster sampling, the study includes the reports of 1,409 young people, in Grades 8 to 12, residing in 16 Israeli educational residential care settings designed for youth from underprivileged backgrounds. The findings show that, on average, fathers are highly involved in these young people's lives...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816175/-medical-evaluation-for-suspected-sexual-violence-against-girls
#16
Margret Edda Ornolfsdottir, Ebba Margret Magnusdottir, Jon R Kristinsson, Reynir Tomas Geirsson
INTRODUCTION: Sexual violence against children is a hidden problem. Medical examination and evaluation is needed to search for possible injuries, exclude infections, procure legal evidence and ensure the child´s welfare. We assessed medical evaluations done at Landspitali University Hospital and in the Reykjavik Children's House, a specialized clinic for childhood abuse cases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective descriptive analysis was performed on the standardized medical examinations...
July 2017: Læknablađiđ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815623/housing-and-child-welfare-emerging-evidence-and-implications-for-scaling-up-services
#17
Patrick J Fowler, Anne F Farrell, Katherine E Marcal, Saras Chung, Peter S Hovmand
Inadequate housing threatens family stability in communities across the United States. This study reviews emerging evidence on housing interventions in the context of scale-up for the child welfare system. In child welfare, scale-up refers to the extent to which fully implemented interventions sustainably alleviate family separations associated with housing instability. It incorporates multiple aspects beyond traditional measures of effectiveness including costs, potential reach, local capacities for implementation, and fit within broader social services...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805695/infants-investigated-by-the-child-welfare-system-exploring-a-distinct-profile-of-risks-service-needs-and-referrals-for-support-in-ontario
#18
Joanne Filippelli, Barbara Fallon, Esme Fuller-Thomson, Nico Trocmé
The science of early childhood development underscores that maltreatment and other adversities experienced during infancy heightens the risk for poor developmental and socio-emotional outcomes. Referrals to supportive services by the child welfare system are particularly critical during infancy given the rapidity of brain development and infants' sensitivity to their environment. The main objectives of the current study are to: (1) examine age-specific differences in clinical and case characteristics; (2) determine the factors associated with the service referral decision involving infants; and (3) explore the types of services families have been referred to at the conclusion of a maltreatment-related investigation...
August 12, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805421/collaborating-with-community-based-services-to-promote-evidence-based-practice-process-description-of-a-national-initiative-to-improve-services-for-youth-with-mental-health-and-substance-use-problems
#19
Joanna L Henderson, Gloria Chaim, E B Brownlie
Many youth with significant mental health (MH) and/or substance use (SU) difficulties do not receive specialized services. Collaboration between service providers, researchers, and other stakeholders is essential to improve youth service system capacity to provide evidence-based services to meet the complex array of needs of youth. Facilitators and barriers of implementing evidence-based practice have been identified, but few studies provide examples of the processes of collaboration and implementation for youth MH services...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802210/the-adoption-of-children-from-out-of-home-care-the-understandings-of-key-decision-makers-in-victoria-australia
#20
Anna Butlinski, Heather Rowe, Christopher Goddard, Nicholas Freezer
Adoption is one of a range of options that can provide children in out-of-home care with permanency when they are unable to be reunified with their birth parents. This paper reports on how the adoption of children from out-of-home care is understood by professionals involved in making decisions about the permanent placement of children in out-of-home care in Victoria, Australia, where adoption is rarely used. Data were collected through a single, face-to-face semi-structured interview with 21 professionals; eight child welfare specialists, eight adoption and permanent care specialists and five judicial officers...
August 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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