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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725950/genome-editing-and-assisted-reproduction-curing-embryos-society-or-prospective-parents
#1
Giulia Cavaliere
This paper explores the ethics of introducing genome-editing technologies as a new reproductive option. In particular, it focuses on whether genome editing can be considered a morally valuable alternative to preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). Two arguments against the use of genome editing in reproduction are analysed, namely safety concerns and germline modification. These arguments are then contrasted with arguments in favour of genome editing, in particular with the argument of the child's welfare and the argument of parental reproductive autonomy...
July 19, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725101/social-policies-and-families-in-stress-gender-and-educational-differences-in-work-family-conflict-from-a-european-perspective
#2
Natascha Notten, Daniela Grunow, Ellen Verbakel
In modern welfare states, family policies may resolve the tension between employment and care-focused demands. However these policies sometimes have adverse consequences for distinct social groups. This study examined gender and educational differences in working parents' perceived work-family conflict and used a comparative approach to test whether family policies, in particular support for child care and leave from paid work, are capable of reducing work-family conflict as well as the gender and educational gaps in work-family conflict...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718910/permanent-housing-for-child-welfare-involved-families-impact-on-child-maltreatment-overview
#3
Patrick J Fowler, Michael Schoeny
A longitudinal randomized controlled trial tested whether access to permanent housing reduces child maltreatment among inadequately housed families under investigation for child abuse and neglect. The study followed homeless and child welfare-involved families randomly assigned to receive a referral for housing subsidies plus housing case management (n = 75, 196 children) or housing case management alone (n = 75, 186 children). Latent growth models examined change in caregiver-reported frequencies of psychological aggression, physical abuse, and neglect toward children at five time points across 2...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710220/let-s-talk-about-children-evaluation-ltce-study-in-northern-finland-a-multiple-group-ecological-study-of-children-s-health-promotion-activities-with-a-municipal-and-time-trend-design
#4
Veikko Kujala, Jaana Jokinen, Hanna Ebeling, Anneli Pohjola
INTRODUCTION: Making change towards child and family-based and coordinated services is critical to improve quality, outcomes and value. The Let's Talk about Children (LTC) approach, which consists of brief psychoeducational discussions with parents of kindergarten-aged and school-aged children, has been launched as a municipality-specific programme in the Council of Oulu Region. The aim of this paper is to present a protocol of an ecological study evaluating the group-specific effects of an intervention about LTC activities in a geographically defined population...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709383/what-is-the-current-level-of-mental-health-service-delivery-and-expenditure-on-infants-children-adolescents-and-young-people-in-australia
#5
Leonie Segal, Sophie Guy, Gareth Furber
OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to estimate the current level of ambulatory mental health service delivery to young people aged 0-24 years in Australia and associated government expenditure. Recognising the importance of the early years for the development of mental illness and socioeconomic outcomes, we were particularly interested in service access by infants and young children. METHODS: We extracted information from government administrative datasets on the number of people who received mental health services, number of services and expenditure through the health sector for 2014-2015...
July 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706461/caregiver-involvement-in-behavioural-health-services-in-the-context-of-child-welfare-service-referrals-a-qualitative-study
#6
Mónica Pérez Jolles, Jodon Anne Jodi Flick, Rebecca Wells, Emmeline Chuang
Human service agencies serve a growing number of adults with behavioral health needs. Despite these agencies' key role in identifying need and facilitating services, many individuals do not receive care or end services prematurely. Few studies have explored the experiences of families referred to behavioral health services by such agencies or the extent to which families' perceptions of service need align with those of treatment providers and frontline workers. This study presents findings from a qualitative study of caregivers involved with child welfare agencies who were referred to behavioral health services...
May 2017: Child & Family Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698013/links-between-early-child-maltreatment-mental-disorders-and-cortisol-secretion-anomalies
#7
Bronsard Guillaume, Auquier Pascal, Boyer Laurent
Early child maltreatment has been widely associated with the development of mental disorders in both childhood and adulthood. However, such association cannot be systematically established, as only few factors are observed regularly, such as high prevalence of comorbidities and externalized disorders. Similarly, the association between early abuse and cortisol secretion anomalies has been well-documented. Whereas early hypercortisolism followed by hypocortisolism was often described, the results proved inconsistent and at times contradictory...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Physiology, Paris
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689089/a-qualitative-study-of-barriers-and-facilitators-in-treating-drug-use-among-israeli-mothers-an-intersectional-perspective
#8
Keren Gueta
RATIONALE: Despite the benefits and availability of drug treatment in Western countries, research has shown low utilisation rates, especially by mothers. Studies have indicated internal barriers (e.g., shame) and external/structural barriers (e.g., poverty) to women's utilisation of drug treatment, but little is known about the interrelated axes of marginalization that create such barriers and, even less, facilitators of treatment. A promising avenue for examining this path may be the theoretical perspective of intersectionality, which has often been used to illustrate how women's experiences are shaped by gender in conjunction with other factors, including class, age, and race...
June 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686926/asian-canadian-children-and-families-involved-in-the-child-welfare-system-in-canada-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Barbara Lee, Esme Fuller-Thomson, Barbara Fallon, Nico Trocmé, Tara Black
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to understand the similarities and differences in child welfare involvement for Asian- Canadian (East and Southeast Asian) versus White-Canadian children and families involved in the child welfare system in Canada, and to consider the implications and recommendations for service. This mixed methods study began by replicating this author's previous study that found significant differences in the case characteristics and services used by Asian compared to non-Asian families in the child welfare system...
July 4, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683016/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-using-a-progressive-muscle-relaxation-technique-on-the-self-efficacy-of-breastfeeding-in-mothers-with-preterm-infants
#10
Soheila Karbandi, Seyedeh Maryam Hosseini, Seyedeh Asieh Hosseini, Farshad Sadeghi, Maryam Hesari, Reza Masoudi
BACKGROUND: Breast milk is a God-given gift that conveys a mother's love and compassion and that is made according to the needs and age of the child. Mothers who are interested in the welfare of their newborns tend to breastfeed their children. Training programs have been shown to improve breastfeeding self-efficacy in terms of both duration and amount. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of using the progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) technique on the self-efficacy of breastfeeding in mothers with preterm infants...
August 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681475/the-interplay-between-housing-stability-and-child-separation-implications-for-practice-and-policy
#11
Debra J Rog, Kathryn A Henderson, Laurel M Lunn, Andrew L Greer, Mei Ling Ellis
Greater understanding of how residential stability affects child separation and reunification among homeless families can guide both child welfare and homeless policy and practice. This article draws upon two longitudinal studies examining services and housing for homeless families and their relationship to family and housing stability. Both studies were conducted in the same state at roughly the same time with similar instruments. The first study, examining families' experiences and outcomes following entry into the homeless service system in three counties in Washington State, found that at 18 months following shelter entry, families that are intact with their children were significantly more likely to be housed in their own housing (46%) than families that were separated from one or more of their children (31%)...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675136/policy-content-and-stakeholder-network-analysis-for-infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-india
#12
Seema Puri, Sylvia Fernandez, Amrita Puranik, Deepika Anand, Abhay Gaidhane, Zahiruddin Quazi Syed, Archana Patel, Shahadat Uddin, Anne Marie Thow
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, infant and young child feeding (IYCF) indicators in India have improved. However, poor IYCF practices are still apparent, associated with pervasive high rates of child under-nutrition. Interventions to improve IYCF need augmentation by appropriate policy support to consolidate gains. The aim of this study was to identify opportunities to strengthen and support IYCF policies through a policy content and stakeholder network analysis. METHODS: IYCF policies and guidelines were systematically mapped and coded using predetermined themes...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673523/interagency-collaboration-and-receipt-of-substance-abuse-treatment-services-for-child-welfare-involved-caregivers
#13
Amy S He
Caregivers dealing with problematic substance use pose persistent challenges for families involved with the child welfare (CW) system. Research has indicated that receipt of substance use disorder (SUD) services help improve family outcomes. However, there are many challenging stages of intervention in the SUD treatment process, including detection, assessment, referral, entry, and completion. Considerable work is needed to illuminate factors that strengthen the delivery of SUD-related services at various points in the treatment services continuum...
August 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668759/adverse-childhood-experiences-among-youth-reported-to-child-welfare-results-from-the-national-survey-of-child-adolescent-wellbeing
#14
Antonio R Garcia, Meera Gupta, Johanna K P Greeson, Allison Thompson, Christina DeNard
The negative influence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on social, emotional, and behavioral (SEB) outcomes are well documented. However, no research to date has examined the effect of ACEs on SEB outcomes in youth who received mental health services after reporting to the child welfare system. This study's analyses of data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being II revealed that the most prevalent ACEs included hospitalization for a medical condition, neglect, and exposures to domestic and community violence...
June 29, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656806/baseline-characteristics-of-dependent-youth-who-have-been-commercially-sexually-exploited-findings-from-a-specialized-treatment-program
#15
Monica Landers, Kimberly McGrath, Melissa H Johnson, Mary I Armstrong, Norin Dollard
Commercial sexual exploitation of children has emerged as a critical issue within child welfare, but little is currently known about this population or effective treatment approaches to address their unique needs. Children in foster care and runaways are reported to be vulnerable to exploitation because they frequently have unmet needs for family relationships, and they have had inadequate supervision and histories of trauma of which traffickers take advantage. The current article presents data on the demographic characteristics, trauma history, mental and behavioral health needs, physical health needs, and strengths collected on a sample of 87 commercially sexually exploited youth...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637312/the-provision-of-healthcare-to-young-and-dependent-children-the-principles-concepts-and-utility-of-the-children-act-1989
#16
Jo Bridgeman
This article undertakes a thorough analysis of the case law concerned with the provision of healthcare to young and dependent children. It demonstrates how, despite the procedural changes introduced by the Children Act 1989 at an early stage in this body of case law, cases have continued to be brought to court by way of applications for the court to exercise its inherent jurisdiction or in wardship rather than using the orders introduced by the Act. In determining these cases, the court is focused upon its protective duty to the vulnerable but proceedings appear to be adversarial contests between the claims of adults to know what is best for the child in which the medical view normally prevails...
June 14, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630057/characteristics-of-children-who-do-not-attend-their-hospital-appointments-and-gps-response-a-mixed-methods-study-in-primary-and-secondary-care
#17
Lydia Rm French, Katrina M Turner, Hannah Morley, Lisa Goldsworthy, Debbie J Sharp, Julian Hamilton-Shield
BACKGROUND: Children who do not attend (DNA) their hospital outpatient appointments are a concern because this potentially compromises the child's health and incurs financial cost. Little is known about children who DNA or the views of GPs to non-attendance. AIM: To describe the characteristics of children who DNA hospital paediatric outpatient appointments, and explore how GPs view and respond to DNAs. DESIGN AND SETTING: A mixed methods study of data from all new referrals to a children's hospital in the South West of England between 1 September and 31 October 2012...
June 19, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622589/improving-outcomes-for-babies-and-toddlers-in-child-welfare-a-model-for-infant-mental-health-intervention-and-collaboration
#18
Susan Chinitz, Hazel Guzman, Ellen Amstutz, Joaniko Kohchi, Miriam Alkon
Children under three comprise a sizable and growing proportion of foster care placements. Very young children who enter the child welfare system experience disruptions of critical attachments that are essential to this formative stage of brain development, as well as other traumatic events, leaving them at great risk for lifelong impairments. To reverse these concerning outcomes, babies who have been removed from their homes require intensive, relationship-based interventions that promote secure attachment to a primary caregiver and holistic attention the child's developmental needs...
June 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617735/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-using-a-progressive-muscle-relaxation-technique-on-the-self-efficacy-of-breastfeeding-in-mothers-with-preterm-infants
#19
Soheila Karbandi, Seyedeh Maryam Hosseini, Seyedeh Asieh Hosseini, Farshad Sadeghi, Maryam Hesari, Reza Masoudi
BACKGROUND: Breast milk is a God-given gift that conveys a mother's love and compassion and that is made according to the needs and age of the child. Mothers who are interested in the welfare of their newborns tend to breastfeed their children. Training programs have been shown to improve breastfeeding self-efficacy in terms of both duration and amount. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of using the progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) technique on the self-efficacy of breastfeeding in mothers with preterm infants...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593601/how-competent-are-adolescent-bullying-perpetrators-and-victims-in-mastering-normative-developmental-tasks-in-early-adulthood
#20
Tina Kretschmer, René Veenstra, Susan Branje, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Wim H J Meeus, Maja Deković, Hans M Koot, Wilma A M Vollebergh, Albertine J Oldehinkel
A substantive body of literature suggests that those involved in bullying as perpetrators but particularly victims are at greater risk for psychological maladjustment. In comparison, relatively little is known about associations between bullying-victimization and perpetration and mastery of early adult tasks in domains including romantic relationships, education, work, financial competence, and conduct. These links were tested using data from two Dutch cohorts (RADAR-young, n = 497, 43% girls; TRAILS, n = 2230, 51% girls) who reported on victimization and perpetration at age 11 (TRAILS) and 13 (RADAR-young) and mastery of developmental tasks in early adulthood...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
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