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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448815/spanking-and-subsequent-behavioral-problems-in-toddlers-a-propensity-score-matched-prospective-study-in-japan
#1
Sakurako Okuzono, Takeo Fujiwara, Tsuguhiko Kato, Ichiro Kawachi
Harsh or frequent spanking in early childhood is an established risk factor for later childhood behavioral problems as well as mental disorder in adulthood in Western societies. However, few studies have been conducted in Asian populations, where corporal punishment is relatively accepted. Moreover, the impacts of occasional spanking on subsequent behavioral problems remain uncertain. This study sought to investigate prospectively the association between the frequency of spanking of toddlers and later behavioral problems in Japanese children using national birth cohort data...
April 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448814/which-maltreated-children-are-at-greatest-risk-of-aggressive-and-criminal-behavior-an-examination-of-maltreatment-dimensions-and-cumulative-risk
#2
Melissa Van Wert, Faye Mishna, Nico Trocmé, Barbara Fallon
This paper explores the well-documented relationship between child maltreatment and aggressive and criminal behavior, specifically examining several dimensions of maltreatment and cumulative child and family risk. Using data from the provincially representative Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (OIS-2013), this paper utilizes a developmental lens to examine whether maltreatment dimensions and cumulative risk can differentiate maltreated young people who exhibit aggressive and criminal behaviors and those who do not...
April 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437023/authors-overarching-reply-to-all-the-responses-received-to-the-systematic-literature-review-on-shaken-baby-syndrome
#3
Niels Lynøe, Göran Elinder, Boubou Hallberg, Måns Rosén, Pia Sundgren, Anders Eriksson
There have been a lot of views expressed about our paper on shaken baby syndrome, which was published in Acta Paediatrica (1). We acknowledge the concerns expressed by all of the authors who responded with regard to child welfare and the possibility that the diagnoses may be delayed in individual cases of child abuse. However, we are very troubled by the disregard displayed by those authors to the significant methodological problems inherent in published research on shaken baby syndrome. This article is protected by copyright...
April 24, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420328/talking-about-intimate-partner-violence-in-multi-cultural-antenatal-care-a-qualitative-study-of-pregnant-women-s-advice-for-better-communication-in-south-east-norway
#4
Lisa Maria Garnweidner-Holme, Mirjam Lukasse, Miriam Solheim, Lena Henriksen
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women constitutes a major public health problem. Antenatal care is considered a window of opportunity to disclose and to communicate about IPV. However, little is known about how women from different ethnic backgrounds wish to communicate about their experiences with IPV during pregnancy in antenatal care. The aim of the present study was to explore how women from different ethnic backgrounds experienced IPV and what their recommendations were about how midwives should communicate about IPV in antenatal care...
April 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414940/sexual-reoffense-trajectories-with-youths-in-the-child-welfare-system
#5
L M Grossi, Alexandra Brereton, Austin F Lee, Ann Schuler, Robert A Prentky
The present study sought to determine whether the persistence of problematic sexualized behaviors (PSBs) committed by boys in the Massachusetts child welfare system would lend support to previous taxonomies categorizing offenders as early-onset/life course-persistent, adolescence-onset/adolescence-limited, or childhood-limited in their offending behavior. We examined the persistence of PSBs in a male sample (N=638; age range: two to 17), using a retrospective longitudinal archival design. Procedures involved a comprehensive archival review of records from the Department of Children and Families...
April 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413920/first-births-to-maltreated-adolescent-girls-differences-associated-with-spending-time-in-foster-care
#6
Bryn King
Few studies have examined early parenting among girls receiving child welfare services (CWS) or disentangled the relationship between maltreatment, spending time in foster care, and adolescent childbirth. Using population-based, linked administrative data, this study calculated birth rates among maltreated adolescent girls and assessed differences in birth rates associated with spending time in foster care. Of the 85,766 girls with substantiated allegations of maltreatment during adolescence, nearly 18% subsequently gave birth...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413919/examining-child-welfare-decisions-and-services-for-asian-canadian-versus-white-canadian-children-and-families-in-the-child-welfare-system
#7
Barbara Lee, Esme Fuller-Thomson, Barbara Fallon, Tara Black, Nico Trocmé
Using administrative child welfare data from the Ontario Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (OCANDS), this study compared the profiles of Asian-Canadian and White-Canadian children and families that experienced a case closure after an investigation instead of being transferred to ongoing child protection services (CPS). Child protection investigations involving Asian-Canadian and White-Canadian children and families that were transferred to ongoing CPS presented a different profile of case characteristics and caregiver and child clinical needs...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413917/is-the-families-first-home-visiting-program-effective-in-reducing-child-maltreatment-and-improving-child-development
#8
Mariette J Chartier, Marni D Brownell, Michael R Isaac, Dan Chateau, Nathan C Nickel, Alan Katz, Joykrishna Sarkar, Milton Hu, Carole Taylor
While home visiting programs are among the most widespread interventions to support at-risk families, there is a paucity of research investigating these programs under real-world conditions. The effectiveness of Families First home visiting (FFHV) was examined for decreasing rates of being in care of child welfare, decreasing hospitalizations for maltreatment-related injuries, and improving child development at school entry. Data for 4,562 children from home visiting and 5,184 comparison children were linked to deidentified administrative health, social services, and education data...
May 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412891/service-receipt-and-mental-disorders-in-child-welfare-and-mental-health-systems-in-los-angeles-county
#9
Amy S He, Dorian E Traube, Kim C Brimhall, Caroline Lim, Greg Lecklitner, Adrienne Olson
OBJECTIVE: Use of administrative data from child welfare (CW) and mental health systems in Los Angeles County provided a unique opportunity to more closely examine mental health needs of children dually served by these systems. This study examined the presence of mental disorders and correlates of receipt of mental health services by diagnostic classification in this population. METHODS: Data were obtained for 3,191 children receiving services from Los Angeles County's Department of Children and Family Services and Department of Mental Health (DMH) between July 2011 and July 2012...
April 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392674/interventions-to-improve-the-response-of-professionals-to-children-exposed-to-domestic-violence-and-abuse-a-systematic-review
#10
William Turner, Marianne Hester, Jonathan Broad, Eszter Szilassy, Gene Feder, Jessica Drinkwater, Adam Firth, Nicky Stanley
Exposure of children to domestic violence and abuse (DVA) is a form of child maltreatment with short- and long-term behavioural and mental health impact. Health care professionals are generally uncertain about how to respond to domestic violence and are particularly unclear about best practice with regards to children's exposure and their role in a multiagency response. In this systematic review, we report educational and structural or whole-system interventions that aim to improve professionals' understanding of, and response to, DVA survivors and their children...
January 2017: Child Abuse Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392577/educating-orphaned-and-vulnerable-children-in-elgeyo-marakwet-county-kenya
#11
Grace Jepkemboi, Pauline Jolly, KaNesha Gillyard, Lydia Lissanu
According to UNICEF, 13.3 million children (0-17 years) worldwide have lost one or both parents to AIDS. Nearly 12 million of these children live in sub-Saharan Africa. Together, with other children who have been severely impacted by the AIDS pandemic, these orphaned and vulnerable children (OVC) are at higher risk of missing out on schooling, living in households with less food security, and suffering from anxiety and depression. Although the needs of OVC are complex and influenced by numerous variables, the provision of education has the potential to address many aspects of a child's well-being, including food and nutrition, health care, social welfare, and protection...
September 2016: Childhood Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391075/trauma-symptom-profiles-of-adolescents-in-child-welfare
#12
Elena Gallitto, Jennifer Lyons, Kelly Weegar, Elisa Romano
In the province of Ontario (Canada), over 28,900 adolescents are investigated by child welfare agencies each year because of suspected maltreatment. Exposure to childhood maltreatment represents a major threat to the psychological well-being of young people, particularly in terms of trauma-related stress. The present study investigated trauma symptom profiles among 479 adolescents (13-17 years) involved with the Canadian child welfare system between 2003 and 2010. Latent profile analysis identified three profiles using self-report data from the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children...
April 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378956/are-parental-welfare-work-requirements-good-for-disadvantaged-children-evidence-from-age-of-youngest-child-exemptions
#13
Chris M Herbst
This paper assesses the impact of welfare reform’s parental work requirements on low-income children’s cognitive and social-emotional development. The identification strategy exploits an important feature of the work requirement rules—namely, age-of youngest- child exemptions—as a source of quasi-experimental variation in first-year maternal employment. The 1996 welfare reform law empowered states to exempt adult recipients from the work requirements until the youngest child reaches a certain age. This led to substantial variation in the amount of time that mothers can remain home with a newborn child...
2017: Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367933/how-did-japanese-rural-dwellers-become-rapidly-healthier-in-the-two-decades-following-world-war-ii-examining-the-diverse-policy-interventions-that-improved-the-population-s-health
#14
Motoyuki Yuasa
Objective During the two decades following Japan's World War II surrender in 1945, tremendous improvement in the population's health was observed, particularly in infant mortality and life expectancy. How did Japanese rural dwellers achieve such remarkable health improvement during this relatively short time span while its economy remained heavily damaged following the war? While the efforts from government-driven public health strategies and programs are well known, relatively little is known about the contributions of policies in non-health sectors...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365428/effectiveness-of-manualized-case-management-on-utilization-of-evidence-based-treatments-for-children-and-adolescents-after-maltreatment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Helene Gertrud Ganser, Annika Münzer, Andreas Witt, Paul Lukas Plener, Rainer Muche, Rita Rosner, Maria Hagl, Lutz Goldbeck
The objective of this study was to compare structured case management (CM) to usual care (UC) for helping victims of child abuse and neglect (CAN) with mental disorders access evidence-based treatment (EBT). N=121 children and adolescents aged 4-17 with a history of CAN and a current mental disorder were recruited in three German states in a multi-center parallel group trial. They were randomly assigned, stratified by study site and level of psychosocial functioning, to receive CM additionally to UC or only UC...
March 30, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365427/classification-of-maltreatment-related-mortality-by-child-death-review-teams-how-reliable-are-they
#16
Jared W Parrish, Patricia G Schnitzer, Paul Lanier, Meghan E Shanahan, Julie L Daniels, Steven W Marshall
Accurate estimation of the incidence of maltreatment-related child mortality depends on reliable child fatality review. We examined the inter-rater reliability of maltreatment designation for two Alaskan Child Death Review (CDR) panels. Two different multidisciplinary CDR panels each reviewed a series of 101 infant and child deaths (ages 0-4 years) in Alaska. Both panels independently reviewed identical medical, autopsy, law enforcement, child welfare, and administrative records for each death utilizing the same maltreatment criteria...
March 30, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364856/can-the-welfare-state-replace-parents-children-s-cognition-in-the-united-states-and-great-britain
#17
Toby L Parcel, Lori Ann Campbell
We compare family and parental effects on child verbal facility, verbal achievement and mathematics achievement in the United States and Great Britain. We study 3,438 5-13 year-old children from the 1994 NLSY Child-Mother Data Set and 1429 same-aged children from the National Child Development Study, also known as the British Child. Multivariate analyses suggest that the processes through which families invest in child cognition are similar across societies, with factors including low birth weight, child health, maternal cognition, family size and children's home environments being consequential...
May 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361727/beyond-an-open-future
#18
Jenny I Krutzinna
Discussions about the ethical permissibility of pediatric cognitive enhancement frequently revolve around arguments about welfare, and often include an appeal to the child's right to an open future. Both proponents and opponents of cognitive enhancement claim that their respective positions best serve the interests of the child by promoting an open future. This article argues that this right to an open future argument only captures some of the risks to the welfare of children, therefore requiring a broader ethical approach...
April 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353402/everyday-ethics-of-participation-a-case-study-of-a-cbpr-in-nunavik
#19
Sarah Fraser, Georgia Vrakas, Arlene Laliberté, Raymond Mickpegak
INTRODUCTION: Multiple reports highlight the need for community-based family-oriented prevention services for Aboriginal peoples in order to address important health and social inequalities. Participatory, empowerment-based approaches are generally favoured for these means. Faced with important social issues, in a context of colonisation and complex power dynamics, we question how community members experience participation, as well as the everyday dynamics that take place when attempting to create community-level change...
March 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338225/the-impact-of-family-unification-housing-vouchers-on-child-welfare-outcomes
#20
Michael Pergamit, Mary Cunningham, Devlin Hanson
This study addresses whether providing housing vouchers through the Family Unification Program (FUP) to families involved in the child welfare system reduces child maltreatment and the need for child welfare services. The study uses child welfare administrative data on 326 children in Portland, Oregon, and 502 children in San Diego, California from the point at which their families were referred to the program through 18 months post-referral. Using a quasi-experimental waitlist comparison design, probit regressions show little impact of FUP on preventing child removal from home, but some positive impact on reunification among children already placed out of home...
March 24, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
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