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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787574/child-morbidity-and-mortality-associated-with-alternative-policy-responses-to-the-economic-crisis-in-brazil-a-nationwide-microsimulation-study
#1
Davide Rasella, Sanjay Basu, Thomas Hone, Romulo Paes-Sousa, Carlos Octávio Ocké-Reis, Christopher Millett
BACKGROUND: Since 2015, a major economic crisis in Brazil has led to increasing poverty and the implementation of long-term fiscal austerity measures that will substantially reduce expenditure on social welfare programmes as a percentage of the country's GDP over the next 20 years. The Bolsa Família Programme (BFP)-one of the largest conditional cash transfer programmes in the world-and the nationwide primary healthcare strategy (Estratégia Saúde da Família [ESF]) are affected by fiscal austerity, despite being among the policy interventions with the strongest estimated impact on child mortality in the country...
May 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778296/the-utility-of-twitter-as-a-tool-for-increasing-reach-of-research-on-sexual-violence
#2
Christine Wekerle, Negar Vakili, Sherry H Stewart, Tara Black
Researchers in violence prevention areas seek to disseminate work for impact to practice and policy. Knowledge transfer, exchange, and mobilization are common terms for research knowledge utilization where public communication platforms are playing an increasing role, having unique capacity to connect stakeholders in advocacy and lived experience, academia, non-governmental organizations, government-supported organizations, such as child welfare, and research funding bodies. Social networking platforms provide a communication intervention opportunity to test the effectiveness of the research reach...
May 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778039/identifying-the-trauma-recovery-needs-of-maltreated-children-an-examination-of-child-welfare-workers-effectiveness-in-screening-for-traumatic-stress
#3
Adrienne Whitt-Woosley, Ginny Sprang, David G Royse
Children in the child welfare system comprise a group characterized by exposure to trauma via experiences of maltreatment, under circumstances presenting multiple risk factors for traumatic stress. High rates of posttraumatic stress have been observed in this population. However, there is currently no standard for the universal screening of children in child welfare for trauma exposure and traumatic stress. This study examined the trauma experiences of a sample of maltreated children and whether their child welfare workers were effective screeners of traumatic stress symptoms...
May 16, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774273/uk-birth-registration-and-its-present-discontents
#4
Edward Higgs
Calls for reform of the United Kingdom (UK) birth registration system to allow it to be more flexible regarding subsequent name changes, gender recording and to contain information about 'third parties' involved in procreation are justified and important. However, we need to ask exactly when discussions about the birth registration system in the country became primarily about the welfare of the individual child being registered? This was hardly the case at the system's inception in 1836, or during much of its history...
April 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774263/a-cross-cultural-analysis-of-posthumous-reproduction-the-significance-of-the-gender-and-margins-of-life-perspectives
#5
Yael Hashiloni-Dolev, Silke Schicktanz
The scholarly discussion of posthumous reproduction (PHR) focuses on informed consent and the welfare of the future child, for the most part overlooking cultural differences between societies. Based on a cross-cultural comparison of legal and regulatory documents, analysis of pivotal cases and study of scholarly and media discussions in Israel and Germany, this paper analyses the relevant ethical and policy issues, and questions how cultural differences shape the practice of PHR. The findings challenge the common classifications of PHR by highlighting the gender perspective and adding brain-dead pregnant women to the debate...
June 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773611/charlie-gard-and-the-weight-of-parental-rights-to-seek-experimental-treatment
#6
Giles Birchley
The case of Charlie Gard, an infant with a genetic illness whose parents sought experimental treatment in the USA, brought important debates about the moral status of parents and children to the public eye. After setting out the facts of the case, this article considers some of these debates through the lens of parental rights. Parental rights are most commonly based on the promotion of a child's welfare; however, in Charlie's case, promotion of Charlie's welfare cannot explain every fact of the case. Indeed, some seem most logically to extend from intrinsic parental rights, that is, parental rights that exist independent of welfare promotion...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772468/understanding-child-protection-decisions-involving-parents-with-mental-illness-and-substance-abuse
#7
Joseph N Roscoe, Bridgette Lery, Jaclyn E Chambers
Among children investigated for maltreatment, those with parents experiencing mental illness or substance abuse are more likely to be placed out-of-home; however, little is known about why these children are at greater risk. Using a sample of 2488 Structured Decision Making® assessments administered in San Francisco county from 2011 to 2015, we identified a profile of safety threats that accounts for why workers are more likely to determine children of parents with mental illness and/or substance abuse unsafe in the home...
May 14, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762669/ethics-of-oocyte-banking-for-third-party-assisted-reproduction-a-systematic-review
#8
E M Kool, A M E Bos, R van der Graaf, B C J M Fauser, A L Bredenoord
BACKGROUND: The demand for donor oocytes has increased dramatically over the years. Today people in need of ART with the use of donor oocytes can appeal to commercial or public donor oocyte banks. The introduction of oocyte banks has shed a new light on the practice of ART using donor oocytes. The establishment and maintenance of oocyte banks should be sensitive to the ethical considerations. However, it is currently unclear which ethical aspects have to be taken into account. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: The aim of this article is to identify the ethical aspects of establishing and maintaining oocyte banks for third-party ART...
May 14, 2018: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752131/effectiveness-of-the-dtpa-hbv-ipv-hib-vaccine-against-invasive-haemophilus-influenzae-type-b-disease-in-the-netherlands-2003-16-a-case-control-study
#9
Susana Monge, Susan Jm Hahné, Hester E de Melker, Elisabeth Am Sanders, Arie van der Ende, Mirjam J Knol
BACKGROUND: In 2016, an increase in invasive Haemophilus influenzae serotype b (Hib) disease was reported in the Netherlands in children younger than 5 years, which coincided with the introduction of the hexavalent diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis-hepatitis B virus-inactivated polio virus/Hib vaccine (DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib) from 2011 onwards. We aimed to estimate the effectiveness of the hexavalent vaccine to assess whether this increase could be explained by decreasing effectiveness...
May 8, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747769/-support-for-families-through-a-disability-resource-unit
#10
Delphine Micaëlli
The Disability Resource Unit of the mother and infant welfare protection centre aims to facilitate the care of children with a disability in day care centres or at school. Thanks to the creation of a doctor-children's nurse partnership, the unit provides families with personalised support. Listening, availability and empathy are essential in order to meet as best as possible the specific needs of the child and the parents' expectations. Interview with Véronique Labidoire, child care worker and technical advisor in the Disability Resource Unit of the Gironde's mother and infant welfare protection centre...
May 2018: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747641/the-syrian-conflict-a-case-study-of-the-challenges-and-acute-need-for-medical-humanitarian-operations-for-women-and-children-internally-displaced-persons
#11
Rahma Aburas, Amina Najeeb, Laila Baageel, Tim K Mackey
BACKGROUND: After 7 years of increasing conflict and violence, the Syrian civil war now constitutes the largest displacement crisis in the world, with more than 6 million people who have been internally displaced. Among this already-vulnerable population group, women and children face significant challenges associated with lack of adequate access to maternal and child health (MCH) services, threatening their lives along with their immediate and long-term health outcomes. DISCUSSION: While several health and humanitarian aid organizations are working to improve the health and welfare of internally displaced Syrian women and children, there is an immediate need for local medical humanitarian interventions...
May 11, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747064/a-changing-child-welfare-workforce-what-worker-characteristics-are-valued-in-child-welfare
#12
Kristen Lwin, Barbara Fallon, Nico Trocmé, John Fluke, Faye Mishna
A child welfare system is responsible for making difficult decisions. Child welfare workers are charged with assessing and determining when a child is in need of protection, including when it is necessary to intervene on behalf of children when their caregivers' abilities and/or situation is deemed to put them at risk of abuse or neglect. Although the child welfare workforce in Ontario attended to an estimated 125,281 child maltreatment investigations in 2013, little is known about the skills, education, and experiences of these investigating workers...
May 7, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740993/child-welfare-services-and-social-media-childhood-being-and-becoming-in-a-digital-society
#13
Siv-Britt Björktomta, Heidi Aarum Hansen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2018: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739000/the-impact-of-a-statewide-trauma-informed-child-welfare-initiative-on-children-s-permanency-and-maltreatment-outcomes
#14
Beth Barto, Jessica Dym Bartlett, Adam Von Ende, Ruth Bodian, Carmen Rosa Noroña, Jessica Griffin, Jenifer Goldman Fraser, Kristine Kinniburgh, Joseph Spinazzola, Crystaltina Montagna, Marybeth Todd
This article presents findings of a state-wide trauma informed child-welfare initiative with the goal of improving well-being, permanency and maltreatment outcomes for traumatized children. The Massachuetts Child Trauma Project (MCTP), funded by the Administration of Children and Families, Children's Bureau was a multi-year project implementing trauma-informed care into child welfare service delivery. The project's implementation design included training and consultation for mental health providers in three evidence-based treatments and training of the child-welfare workforce in trauma-informed case work practice...
May 5, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738960/verbal-and-physical-client-aggression-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-professional-caregivers-psychophysiological-stress-response-and-burnout
#15
Nina Kind, Anne Eckert, Célia Steinlin, Jörg M Fegert, Marc Schmid
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the impact of verbal and physical client aggression on risk of developing high hair cortisol concentration (HCC) as an indicator of chronic stress exposure and burnout in a Swiss population of professional caregivers working in youth residential care. METHOD: Participants (n = 121; 62.0% women) reported on client aggression and burnout symptoms and provided hair samples at four annual sampling points. HCC was determined in the first 1...
May 2, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723028/children-s-behavioral-health-needs-and-satisfaction-and-commitment-of-foster-and-adoptive-parents-do-trauma-informed-services-make-a-difference
#16
Erin R Barnett, Sarah E Cleary, Rebecca L Butcher, Mary K Jankowski
OBJECTIVE: Caring for children in foster or adoptive care with behavioral health needs can severely stress parents, contributing to adverse outcomes for children and families. Trauma-informed services from the child welfare and mental health sectors may help prevent poor outcomes by helping children and parents identify and understand trauma and its impact on children's behavioral health and receive effective treatment. To help understand the role of trauma-informed services for the child welfare population, we examined whether trauma-informed child welfare and mental health services moderated the relationship between children's behavioral health needs and parent satisfaction and commitment...
May 3, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715606/examining-internal-and-external-job-resources-in-child-welfare-protecting-against-caseworker-burnout
#17
Amy S He, Jon D Phillips, Erica L Lizano, Shauna Rienks, Robin Leake
Given intense job demands, it is not surprising that job burnout is a consistent threat to the well-being and retention of the child welfare workforce. Guided by central postulates of the Job Demands and Resources (JD-R) model which suggests that job burnout develops because of experiences of high work demands coupled with low resources in the workplace, we applied a conceptual model of job burnout (client and work related) that accounts for both internal and external resources available to child welfare workers...
April 28, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712552/are-one-stop-centres-an-appropriate-model-to-deliver-services-to-sexually-abused-children-in-urban-malawi
#18
Yabwile Mulambia, Aaron J Miller, Geraldine MacDonald, Neil Kennedy
BACKGROUND: The Republic of Malawi is creating a country-wide system of 28 One-Stop Centres (known as 'Chikwanekwanes' - 'everything under one roof') to provide medical, legal and psychosocial services for survivors of child maltreatment and adult intimate partner violence. No formal evaluation of the utility of such services has ever been undertaken. This study focused on the experiences of the families served at the country's first Chikwanekwane in the large, urban city of Blantyre...
April 30, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709662/the-effects-of-recurrent-physical-abuse-on-the-co-development-of-behavior-problems-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-among-child-welfare-involved-youth
#19
Susan Yoon, Sheila Barnhart, Jamie Cage
The primary aim of the current study was to examine the longitudinal effects of ongoing physical abuse on the co-development of externalizing behavior problems and posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptoms among child welfare-involved adolescents. Using three waves of data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being, we performed unconditional and conditional parallel process latent growth curve modeling in a structural equation modeling framework. The study sample included 491 adolescents who were between 11 and 13 years of age at baseline...
April 27, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689316/-sometimes-somebody-just-needs-somebody-anybody-to-care-the-power-of-interpersonal-relationships-in-the-lives-of-domestic-minor-sex-trafficking-survivors
#20
Jennifer E O'Brien
Domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST) is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of U.S. minors for the purposes of a commercial sex act. DMST victims and survivors often become involved with state-level systems including the child welfare and/or juvenile justice systems. This study presents exploratory qualitative findings regarding the role of interpersonal relationships in the lives of system-involved DMST survivors from the perspectives of DMST survivors. Results indicate survivors perceive interpersonal relationships as key to promoting risk, providing protection, and fostering resiliency over DMST...
April 21, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
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