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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064109/interagency-collaboration-strengthening-substance-abuse-resources-in-child-welfare
#1
Amy S He, Jon Phillips
Supporting child welfare (CW) workers' ability to accurately assess substance abuse needs and link families to appropriate services is critical given the high prevalence of parental substance use disorders (SUD) among CW-involved cases. Several barriers hinder this process, including CW workers' lack of expertise for identifying SUD needs and scarcity of treatment resources. Drawing from theories and emergent literature on interagency collaboration, this study examined the role of collaboration in increasing the availability of resources for identifying and treating SUDs in CW agencies...
January 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054254/age-at-arrival-and-life-chances-among-childhood-immigrants
#2
Are Skeie Hermansen
This study examines the causal relationship between childhood immigrants' age at arrival and their life chances as adults. I analyze panel data on siblings from Norwegian administrative registries, which enables me to disentangle the effect of age at arrival on adult socioeconomic outcomes from all fixed family-level conditions and endowments shared by siblings. Results from sibling fixed-effects models reveal a progressively stronger adverse influence of immigration at later stages of childhood on completed education, employment, adult earnings, occupational attainment, and social welfare assistance...
January 4, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042759/-crisis-intervention-in-a-health-care-hospital-for-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#3
Falk Burchard, Teresa Diebenbusch
Crisis Intervention in a Health Care Hospital for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry In the past years the pressure in society and psychological problems in Germany have risen up. This can especially be verified by the great influx of utilization of child and adolescent psychiatric clinics through the admission of crisis. In this connection social disadvantaged female adolescents with a low socio-economic status, students of the secondary school, children in care and the ones whose parents have to manage their upbringing alone are preferentially affected...
January 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040736/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-disability-pension-in-early-midlife-results-from-a-swedish-national-cohort-study
#4
Emma Björkenstam, Anders Hjern, Bo Vinnerljung
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and disability pension (DP). The current study aimed to investigate the relationship between different ACEs, cumulative ACEs, and DP, and the mediating role of school performance. METHODS: We used a Swedish cohort of 522 880 individuals born between 1973 and 1978. ACEs included parental death, parental substance abuse and psychiatric disorder, substantial parental criminality, household public assistance, parental DP and child welfare intervention...
December 31, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038360/can-the-actions-of-child-welfare-case-managers-predict-case-outcomes
#5
Svetlana Yampolskaya, Mary I Armstrong, Anne Strozier, Jayme Swanke
This study examined the effect of efforts made by child welfare case managers to involve parents in case processes on two divergent case outcomes: reunification and the termination of parental rights (TPR). The sample was comprised of a cohort of children who received child protection services while in out-of-home care during fiscal year 2009-2010 and were randomly selected by the Florida Department of Children and Families (DCF) for their case management quality of practice reviews. Findings revealed that when child welfare case managers made efforts to encourage and support parents in participating in child-related decisions and activities, there were increased chances for timely reunification...
December 27, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029758/adoption-and-foster-care-analysis-and-reporting-system-final-rule
#6
(no author information available yet)
The Social Security Act (the Act) requires that ACF regulate a national data collection system that provides comprehensive demographic and case-specific information on children who are in foster care and adopted. This final rule replaces existing Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) regulations and the appendices to require title IV-E agencies to collect and report data to ACF on children in out-of-home care, and who exit out-of-home care to adoption or legal guardianship, children in out-of-home care who are covered by the Indian Child Welfare Act, and children who are covered by a title IV-E adoption or guardianship assistance agreement...
14, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009699/a-6-year-case-control-study-of-the-presentation-and-clinical-sequelae-for-noninflicted-negligent-and-inflicted-pediatric-burns
#7
Zachary J Collier, Veena Ramaiah, Jill C Glick, Lawrence J Gottlieb
Inflicted burns are one of the leading causes of abuse-related fatalities in children. Between 30 and 60% of children accidentally returned to abusive homes suffer reabuse. Given the high chance for abuse recurrence and the associated morbidity/mortality, it is critical that inflicted burns are promptly identified to guide appropriate medical and child welfare management. Although previous studies proposed historical and mechanistic features using noncomparative or poorly powered data, this study utilized comparative data from a 6-year period (2009-2014) at a certified burn center along with expert analysis from Child Advocacy and Protective Services (CAPS) to provide higher level evidence supporting classical findings while elucidating new features with respect to burn severity and required interventions...
January 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994490/relationship-among-temporary-separation-attachment-styles-and-adjustment-in-first-grade-iranian-children
#8
Siyamak Tahmasebi, Saman Mafakheri Bashmaq, Mansoureh Karimzadeh, Robab Teymouri, Mahdi Amini, Maryam Sadat M Vaghefi, M Ali Mazaheri
If mothers work outside the home, some degree of mother-child separation will be experienced and mother-child attachment will be affected. In this study, regarding the attachment styles, sociobehavioral problems in first-grade children with experience of preschool and in those taught by their mothers at-home are compared. A casual-comparative method was used to compare children in the two groups. A total of 320 first-grade children participated in the study. The study measures included a separation anxiety test, an adaptive behavior scale, and a children's symptom inventory...
2016: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977284/adaptation-and-implementation-of-a-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-girls-in-child-welfare
#9
Wendy Auslander, Hollee McGinnis, Sarah Tlapek, Penny Smith, April Foster, Tonya Edmond, Jerry Dunn
This study describes the process of adapting and implementing Girls Aspiring toward Independence (GAIN), a trauma-focused, group-based therapy adapted from Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Trauma in Schools (CBITS) for girls in child welfare. Descriptive data were examined on 3 outcomes: posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and social problem-solving skills among adolescent girls in the child welfare system. Qualitative and quantitative methods were utilized to inform the adaptation of the CBITS intervention, evaluate feasibility, treatment fidelity, and acceptability, and to test the effects of the intervention...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939035/two-step-egg-introduction-for-prevention-of-egg-allergy-in-high-risk-infants-with-eczema-petit-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#10
Osamu Natsume, Shigenori Kabashima, Junko Nakazato, Kiwako Yamamoto-Hanada, Masami Narita, Mai Kondo, Mayako Saito, Ai Kishino, Tetsuya Takimoto, Eisuke Inoue, Julian Tang, Hiroshi Kido, Gary W K Wong, Kenji Matsumoto, Hirohisa Saito, Yukihiro Ohya
BACKGROUND: Evidence is accumulating that early consumption is more beneficial than is delayed introduction as a strategy for primary prevention of food allergy. However, allergic reactions caused by early introduction of such solid foods have been a problematic issue. We investigated whether or not early stepwise introduction of eggs to infants with eczema combined with optimal eczema treatment would prevent egg allergy at 1 year of age. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we enrolled infants 4-5 months of age with eczema from two centres in Japan...
December 7, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931988/linking-hearing-impairment-employment-and-education
#11
I Garramiola-Bilbao, A Rodríguez-Álvarez
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the impact that hearing impairment and other relevant variables have on the education and employment situation of those affected by it in the Principality of Asturias, Spain. METHODS: To achieve this objective, two discrete choice models (probit) are presented. The first one associates, among other variables, hearing impairment with the individual's employment status and in the second model, an ordered multinomial probit model is used to analyse, among other variables, how the impairment affects the individual's level of studies...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929661/an-evaluation-of-parent-child-interaction-therapy-with-and-without-motivational-enhancement-to-reduce-attrition
#12
Haley J Webb, Rae Thomas, Leanne McGregor, Elbina Avdagic, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck
Although many interventions for child externalizing behavior report promising outcomes for families, high attrition prior to program completion remains a problem. Many programs report dropout rates of 50% or higher. In this trial we sought to reduce attrition and improve outcomes by augmenting a well-known evidence-based intervention, Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT), with a 3-session individual motivational enhancement component. Participants were 192 Australian caregivers (91.7% female; Mage = 34...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924109/care-of-newborn-in-the-community-and-at-home
#13
REVIEW
S B Neogi, J Sharma, M Chauhan, R Khanna, M Chokshi, R Srivastava, P K Prabhakar, A Khera, R Kumar, S Zodpey, V K Paul
India has contributed immensely toward generating evidence on two key domains of newborn care: Home Based Newborn Care (HBNC) and community mobilization. In a model developed in Gadchiroli (Maharashtra) in the 1990s, a package of Interventions delivered by community health workers during home visits led to a marked decline in neonatal deaths. On the basis of this experience, the national HBNC program centered around Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) was introduced in 2011, and is now the main community-level program in newborn health...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919242/reducing-child-abuse-amongst-adolescents-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-pre-post-trial-in-south-africa
#14
Lucie Cluver, Franziska Meinck, Alexa Yakubovich, Jenny Doubt, Alice Redfern, Catherine Ward, Nasteha Salah, Sachin De Stone, Tshiamo Petersen, Phelisa Mpimpilashe, Rocio Herrero Romero, Lulu Ncobo, Jamie Lachman, Sibongile Tsoanyane, Yulia Shenderovich, Heidi Loening, Jasmina Byrne, Lorraine Sherr, Lauren Kaplan, Frances Gardner
BACKGROUND: No known studies have tested the effectiveness of child abuse prevention programmes for adolescents in low- or middle-income countries. 'Parenting for Lifelong Health' ( http://tiny.cc/whoPLH ) is a collaborative project to develop and rigorously test abuse-prevention parenting programmes for free use in low-resource contexts. Research aims of this first pre-post trial in South Africa were: i) to identify indicative effects of the programme on child abuse and related outcomes; ii) to investigate programme safety for testing in a future randomised trial, and iii) to identify potential adaptations...
July 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917969/targeted-social-protection-in-a-pastoralist-economy-case-study-from-kenya
#15
S A Janzen, N D Jensen, A G Mude
Social protection programmes are designed to help vulnerable populations - including pastoralists - maintain a basic level of well-being, manage risk, and cope with negative shocks. Theory suggests that differential targeting according to poverty status can increase the reach and effectiveness of budgeted social protection programmes. Chronically poor households benefit most from social protection designed to help them meet their basic needs and make vital investments necessary to graduate from poverty. Vulnerable non-destitute households benefit from protection against costly temporary shocks, but do not necessarily need regular assistance...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909390/child-welfare-involved-parents-and-pathways-triple-p-perceptions-of-program-acceptability-and-appropriateness
#16
Ericka M Lewis, Megan Feely, Kristen D Seay, Nicole Fedoravicis, Patricia L Kohl
Nearly half of children in the child welfare system have clinically significant behavior problems and are at risk of developing disruptive behavioral disorders. Yet, behavioral parent training interventions, which are the most effective way to treat these problems, are rarely provided to child welfare involved families. As a result, little is known about the acceptability and appropriateness of these parent training interventions with these families. This qualitative study explored implementation outcomes of an evidenced-based parenting intervention, Pathways Triple P, with families in the child welfare system...
December 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891762/judicial-reliance-on-parental-iq-in-appellate-level-child-welfare-cases-involving-parents-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#17
Ella Callow, Munazza Tahir, Maurice Feldman
BACKGROUND: Parents with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) are over-represented in child welfare cases. Although IQ per se is an invalid indicator of parenting abilities, this study examined the prevalence of judicial consideration of parental IQ test evidence in US appellate cases. METHODS: The present authors conducted Boolean searches of Westlaw Corporation's case database since 1999. The present authors used a six-question checklist to survey the 42 most recent American appellate cases involving termination of parental rights (TPR) decisions that included evidence of parental intellectual and developmental disabilities based on IQ...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886518/maltreatment-family-environment-and-social-risk-factors-determinants-of-the-child-welfare-to-juvenile-justice-transition-among-maltreated-children-and-adolescents
#18
Sarah Vidal, Dana Prince, Christian M Connell, Colleen M Caron, Joy S Kaufman, Jacob K Tebes
This study prospectively examines the transition from the child welfare system into the juvenile justice system among 10,850 maltreated children and adolescents and explores how patterns of risks, including severity and chronicity of maltreatment, adverse family environment, and social risk factors, affect service systems transition. Almost three percent of maltreated children and adolescents had their first juvenile justice adjudication within an average of approximately six years of their initial child protective services investigation (CPS)...
January 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884507/childhood-adversity-and-the-risk-of-substance-use-and-delinquency-the-role-of-protective-adult-relationships
#19
Samantha M Brown, Audrey M Shillington
Youth involved in the child welfare system experience multiple early adversities that can contribute to increased risk of substance use and delinquency. Although adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been associated with poorer behavioral outcomes among youth, less is known about the possible protective factors that may influence the relationship between early adversity and risk-taking behavior. This study examined whether protective adult relationships moderated the link between cumulative ACEs and substance use and delinquency after controlling for demographic characteristics in child welfare-involved youth...
January 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878930/good-enough-support-exploring-the-attitudes-knowledge-and-experiences-of-practitioners-in-social-services-and-child-welfare-working-with-mothers-with-intellectual-disability
#20
Iva Strnadová, Jana Bernoldová, Zdeňka Adamčíková, Jan Klusáček
BACKGROUND: This study examined the attitudes, knowledge and experiences of practitioners in social services and child welfare working with mothers with intellectual disability. METHOD: The authors used a national survey, which was completed by 329 participants. Descriptive statistics and frequency tables were generated, and the associations between variables and differences between various subgroups of the sample were made. The open questions were analysed using the processes involved in content analysis...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
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