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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346067/the-association-between-child-maltreatment-and-adult-poverty-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-research
#1
Lisa Bunting, Gavin Davidson, Claire McCartan, Jennifer Hanratty, Paul Bywaters, Will Mason, Nicole Steils
Child maltreatment is a global problem affecting millions of children and is associated with an array of cumulative negative outcomes later in life, including unemployment and financial difficulties. Although establishing child maltreatment as a causal mechanism for adult economic outcomes is fraught with difficulty, understanding the relationship between the two is essential to reducing such inequality. This paper presents findings from a systematic review of longitudinal research examining experiences of child maltreatment and economic outcomes in adulthood...
January 12, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345476/adapting-a-parenting-intervention-for-parents-aging-out-of-the-child-welfare-system-a-systematic-approach-to-expand-the-reach-of-an-evidence-based-intervention
#2
Kendal Holtrop, Angela I Canto, Lisa Schelbe, Lenore M McWey, Melissa Radey, Jordan E Montgomery
Parents aging out of the child welfare system face a constellation of unique risk factors that threaten the well-being of themselves and their children. Although parenting interventions are an important resource for providing much-needed services to parents aging out, there is currently a lack of evidence-based parenting interventions that address the unique needs of this population. The purpose of this project was to systematically adapt an evidence-based parenting intervention for parents aging out. An established adaptation framework was used to guide this process, and acceptability and feasibility outcomes were evaluated as part of a pilot study of the adapted intervention...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345007/aetiology-of-neonatal-conjunctivitis-evaluated-in-a-population-based-setting
#3
Minna Honkila, Marjo Renko, Irma Ikäheimo, Tytti Pokka, Matti Uhari, Terhi Tapiainen
AIM: Our aim was to study prospectively the aetiology of neonatal conjunctivitis in a population-based setting. METHODS: Altogether 173 neonates with clinical conjunctivitis aged on average 20 (SD 10) days were recruited from child welfare clinics in Oulu, Finland, in 2010-2015. Conjunctival specimens were collected from 167 neonates for multiplex polymerase chain reaction to detect 16 respiratory viruses, from 163 for polymerase chain reaction to detect Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae and from 160 for bacterial culture studies...
January 18, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336003/prevalence-of-pre-school-children-for-overweight-obesity-in-turkey
#4
Fatih Santas, Gulcan Santas
BACKGROUND: Most of the studies and interventions are targeted to address undernutrition, but childhood obesity has become a silent killer among children. Developing countries, including Turkey, could recognize the importance of the issue now and have begun to discuss the necessity of studies on this subject. Therefore, this study aims to examine the prevalence of obesity among pre-school children in Turkey. METHODS: The data source of this study is the Turkey Demographic and Health Survey (TDHS)-2013...
January 15, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314076/disorganization-fear-and-attachment-working-towards%C3%A2-clarification
#5
Robbie Duschinsky
In 1990, M. Main and J. Solomon introduced the procedures for coding a new "disorganized" infant attachment classification for the Ainsworth Strange Situation procedure (M.D.S. Ainsworth, M. Blehar, E. Waters, & S. Wall, 1978). This classification has received a high degree of interest, both from researchers and from child welfare and clinical practitioners. Disorganized attachment has primarily been understood through the lens of E. Hesse and M. Main's concept of "fright without solution," taken to mean that an infant experiences a conflict between a desire to approach and flee from a frightening parent when confronted by the Strange Situation...
January 4, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309232/opioid-prescription-rates-and-child-removals-evidence-from-florida
#6
Troy Quast, Eric A Storch, Svetlana Yampolskaya
A critical aspect of the opioid epidemic is its effect on the ability of opioid-dependent parents to care for their children. In this article we investigate the association between the rate of removals of children from their homes and the opioid prescription rate in Florida counties during 2012-15. We performed a panel data analysis of opioid prescriptions that also controlled for the prescription rates of benzodiazepines and stimulants and for other risk factors for child removal. We found that a one-standard-deviation increase in the opioid prescription rate was associated with a 32 percent increase in the removal rate for parental neglect...
January 2018: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306992/health-and-welfare-of-women-and-child-survival-a-key-to-nation-building
#7
Meharban Singh
Health of women has a profound effect on the health and welfare of communities, countries and the world at large. A large number of social, economic, educational, political and religious dimensions impact the lives of girls and women with repercussions on their health and status in society and welfare of their children. It is a sad reality that a large number of children, adolescents and women worldwide have limited or no access to essential health care services, nutrition and education. Gender inequity and discrimination against girls cannot be bridged unless there are equal opportunities for healthcare and education for boys and girls...
January 6, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297777/the-one-child-policy-eldercare-and-lgb-chinese-a-social-policy-explanation-for-family-pressure
#8
Timothy Hildebrandt
Lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) people in China consistently report family pressure as the greatest challenge they face in their daily lives. This problem has been primarily explained by highlighting sociocultural factors. While such explanations are important to understanding family pressure, they do not easily lead to actionable policy interventions to relieve it. This article suggests a new way of looking at family pressure by positing a social policy explanation. In particular, it reveals how both the one-child policy and eldercare reforms have strong heteronormative biases which negatively and disproportionately affect LGB people and explores social policy interventions that may help address them...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294946/safe-from-harm-youth-self-report-of-physical-assault-in-child-welfare-placements
#9
Jesse J Helton, Tatiana Gochez-Kerr
Although most child welfare placements receive a rigorous assessment and ongoing safety monitoring, it is still unclear which is safest in terms of physical abuse. Our goals for this study were to assess the relative risk of physical assault for different child welfare placements in a national sample of youth and examine that risk within placement types for children with various levels of behavioral problems. Unlike previous studies of assault prevalence, we constrained our analysis to youth self-reports of assaults within a current placement to increase validity...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294723/child-welfare-responses-linked-to-subtypes-of-exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-evidence-from-the-canadian-incidence-study-of-reported-child-abuse-and-neglect
#10
Andrea Gonzalez, Harriet MacMillan, Masako Tanaka, Susan M Jack, Lil Tonmyr
Children exposed to intimate partner violence (CE-IPV) are at increased risk for later health and social difficulties. To date, studies have primarily focused on CE-IPV as a unitary construct; this may lead to the mistaken assumption that all subtypes of CE-IPV (i.e., exposure to direct or indirect physical abuse, or exposure to emotional abuse) are equally harmful requiring similar responses from child welfare services. The purpose of this study was to examine child welfare responses by CE-IPV subtype in a large Canadian child welfare sample...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294666/exploring-bullying-perpetration-and-victimization-among-adolescent-girls-in-the-child-welfare-system-bully-only-victim-only-bully-victim-and-noninvolved-roles
#11
Paul R Sterzing, Wendy F Auslander, G Allen Ratliff, Donald R Gerke, Tonya Edmond, Melissa Jonson-Reid
Childhood abuse is a common experience for youth in the child welfare system, increasing their risk of bullying perpetration and victimization. Little research exists that has examined the rates of bullying perpetration and victimization for child welfare-involved adolescent girls. The study addressed the following aims: (a) to generate frequency estimates of physical, nonphysical, and relational forms of bullying perpetration and victimization; (b) to identify the frequency of bully-only, victim-only, bully-victim, and noninvolved roles; and (c) to identify risk and protective factors that correlate with these bullying role types...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294659/breaking-the-intergenerational-cycle-partner-violence-child-parent-attachment-and-children-s-aggressive-behaviors
#12
Shao-Chiu Juan, Heather M Washington, Megan C Kurlychek
The link between exposure to violence in the home and children's later exhibition of violent behaviors is well documented in the criminological literature. To date, most research on partner violence (PV) and children's welfare has focused on adolescent outcomes. As such, we know little about how PV affects the behavior of the youngest, and perhaps most vulnerable population of children who have been exposed to PV. Our understanding of the PV-child behavior association is also limited because extant research has focused less attention on identifying risk factors that explain and modify the link between exposure to PV and children's behavior...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287167/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-impact-of-child-custody-loss-on-drug-use-and-crime-among-a-sample-of-african-american-mothers
#13
Kathi L H Harp, Carrie B Oser
This study examines the influence of child custody loss on drug use and crime among a sample of African American mothers. Two types of custody loss are examined: informal custody loss (child living apart from mother but courts not involved), and official loss (child removed from mother's care by authorities). METHODS: Using data from 339 African American women, longitudinal random coefficient models analyzed the effects of each type of custody loss on subsequent drug use and crime. RESULTS: indicated that both informal and official custody loss predicted increased drug use, and informal loss predicted increased criminal involvement...
December 26, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258221/maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-child-behavior-among-mexican-women-and-their-children
#14
Emily P Flynn, Esther O Chung, Emily J Ozer, Lia C H Fernald
Over 50% of mothers in rural Mexico have high depressive symptoms, and their children's health and development are likely to be negatively affected. A critical question is whether children vary in their vulnerability to the effects of high maternal depressive symptoms according to their indigenous ethnicity, maternal education, or household wealth. Our sample included 4442 mothers and 5503 children from an evaluation of Mexico's social welfare program. Maternal depressive symptoms were assessed using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale, and child behavior was measured using an adapted version of the Behavior Problems Index (BPI)...
December 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241620/trends-in-and-projections-of-indicators-of-universal-health-coverage-in-bangladesh-1995-2030-a-bayesian-analysis-of-population-based-household-data
#15
Md Shafiur Rahman, Md Mizanur Rahman, Stuart Gilmour, Khin Thet Swe, Sarah Krull Abe, Kenji Shibuya
BACKGROUND: Many countries are implementing health system reforms to achieve universal health coverage (UHC) by 2030. To understand the progress towards UHC in Bangladesh, we estimated trends in indicators of the health service and of financial risk protection. We also estimated the probability of Bangladesh's achieving of UHC targets of 80% essential health-service coverage and 100% financial risk protection by 2030. METHODS: We estimated the coverage of UHC indicators-13 prevention indicators and four treatment indicators-from 19 nationally representative population-based household surveys done in Bangladesh from Jan 1, 1991, to Dec 31, 2014...
January 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241115/predictors-of-justice-system-involvement-maltreatment-and-education
#16
Angela A Robertson, Courtney S Walker
Decades of research have established that experience of abuse and/or neglect in childhood is related to negative outcomes, such as juvenile delinquency. Existing research has shown that involvement in child welfare services is also related to juvenile delinquency, particularly for children who are victims of neglect. Research has also identified educational factors such as chronic absenteeism as significant predictors of involvement in the juvenile justice system. However, little research has investigated the combined influence of educational factors, child abuse, and involvement in child protective services on justice system involvement...
December 11, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238825/association-of-cumulative-childhood-adversity-and-adolescent-violent-offending-with-suicide-in-early-adulthood
#17
Emma Björkenstam, Anders Hjern, Charlotte Björkenstam, Kyriaki Kosidou
Importance: Childhood adversity (CA) is associated with an increased risk of suicide in young adulthood that might be explained by maladaptive trajectories during adolescence. Although adolescent violent offending is linked with suicide, little is known about its role in the association between CA and suicide. Objective: To examine whether adolescent violent offending mediates the association between CA and suicide in early adulthood. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based, longitudinal cohort study with a follow-up time spanning 5 to 9 years included 476 103 individuals born in Sweden between 1984 and 1988...
December 13, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237066/early-motor-developmental-milestones-and-schizotypy-in-the-northern-finland-birth-cohort-study-1966
#18
Svetlana Filatova, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Golam M Khandaker, Estelle Lowry, Tanja Nordström, Tuula Hurtig, Kristiina Moilanen, Jouko Miettunen
Delayed motor developmental milestones have been reported to be associated with schizophrenia in previous studies, but no study has examined the relationship between early motor developmental milestones and schizotypy. We have examined this relationship in a prospective birth cohort.In the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966, data on 9 early motor developmental milestones were collected prospectively from visits to child welfare centers, and data on adult schizotypy were collected through a questionnaire (N = 4557-4674)...
December 9, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235237/community-based-preventive-activities-in-the-public-dental-service-in-norway
#19
E Widström, A Tillberg, L I Byrkjeflot, L Stein, R Skudutyte-Rysstad
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe community-based preventive interventions undertaken by the dental team outside the dental clinics in Norway, from the dental hygienists' and the dentists' perspective, with the main focus on target groups and existing guidelines and routines for these activities. A secondary aim was to identify the personnel responsible for developing the local guidelines and the knowledge sources for the guidelines. METHODS: With the assistance of the Chief Dental Officers in 15 Public Dental Service (PDS) regions, questionnaires were emailed to the local clinics (n = 421)...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232964/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-family-finding-a-relative-search-and-engagement-intervention-for-youth-lingering-in-foster-care
#20
Sharon Vandivere, Karin E Malm, Tiffany J Allen, Sarah Catherine Williams, Amy McKlindon
BACKGROUND: Youth who have experienced foster care are at risk of negative outcomes in adulthood. The family finding model aims to promote more positive outcomes by finding and engaging relatives of children in foster care in order to provide options for legal and emotional permanency. OBJECTIVES: The present study tested whether family finding, as implemented in North Carolina from 2008 through 2011, improved child welfare outcomes for youth at risk of emancipating foster care without permanency...
December 2017: Evaluation Review
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