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Advance radiography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445933/multimodality-imaging-of-subacromial-impingement-syndrome
#1
REVIEW
Lionel Pesquer, Sophie Borghol, Philippe Meyer, Mickael Ropars, Benjamin Dallaudière, Pierre Abadie
Subacromial impingement syndrome results from irritation of the tendons of the rotator cuff muscles in the subacromial space and may manifest as a range of pathologies. However, subacromial impingement is a dynamic condition for which imaging reveals predisposing factors but no pathognomonic indicators. Also, the usual imaging features of subacromial impingement may be seen in symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. Therefore, imaging is able to detect tears and describe the risk factors of impingement but cannot confirm subacromial impingement...
February 14, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430327/-mild-head-injury
#2
José Manuel Ortega Zufiría, Noemí Lomillos Prieto, Bernardino Choque Cuba, Martin Tamarit Degenhardt, Pedro Poveda Núñez, María Remedios López Serrano, Azahara Belén López Raigada
Introduction: Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) represents a major health concern, because a sizeable number of patients with mild TBI will develop potentially life-threatening complications. The target of this study was to describe a large series of adult patients suffering from mild TBI, treated at University Hospital of Getafe, between 2010 and 2015 (n = 2480). We examined the patients' epidemiological and baseline clinical profile, diagnosis, treatment and ultimate outcomes, to identify major prognostic factors that influence the final result...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428250/does-seed-migration-increase-the-risk-of-second-malignancies-in-prostate-cancer-patients-treated-with-iodine-125-loose-seeds-brachytherapy
#3
Eric Vigneault, Kevin Martell, Daniel Taussky, Siraj Husain, Guila Delouya, Khaly Mbodji, Julie Piotte, Sindy Magnan, Philippe Després, Marie-Claude Lavallée, Sylviane Aubin, Luc Beaulieu, William Foster, André-Guy Martin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the risk of second malignancies after migration of seeds (MS) in prostate cancer patients treated with 125 I loose seeds brachytherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Data from 2802 prostate cancer patients treated with 125 I loose seeds brachytherapy in 3 Canadian centers were reviewed. After seeds implant, all patients underwent postimplant pelvic radiography and computed tomography scan for postimplant dosimetry. These images were used to assess whether seed migration occurred...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419660/continuous-cervical-epidural-block-treatment-for-intractable-hiccups
#4
Jung Eun Kim, Mi Kyoung Lee, Dong Kyu Lee, Sang Sik Choi, Jong Sun Park
Intractable hiccups, although rare, may result in severe morbidity, including sleep deprivation, poor food intake, respiratory muscle fatigue, aspiration pneumonia, and death. Despite these potentially fatal complications, the etiology of intractable hiccups and definitive treatment are unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of continuous cervical epidural block in the treatment of intractable hiccups.Records from 28 patients with a history of unsuccessful medical and invasive treatments for hiccups were evaluated...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406344/digital-radiography-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-technique-and-radiographic-results
#5
Brad L Penenberg, Sanjum P Samagh, Sean S Rajaee, Antonia Woehnl, William W Brien
BACKGROUND: Obtaining the ideal acetabular cup position in total hip arthroplasty remains a challenge. Advancements in digital radiography and image analysis software allow the assessment of the cup position during the surgical procedure. This study describes a validated technique for evaluating cup position during total hip arthroplasty using digital radiography. METHODS: Three hundred and sixty-nine consecutive patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty were prospectively enrolled...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387328/sarcoidosis-and-spondyloarthritis-a-coincidence-or-common-etiopathogenesis
#6
Hamdi Wafa, Miladi Saoussen, Kaffel Dhia, Zouch Imen, Kchir Mohamed Montacer
Background: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease. Co-existence with spondyloarthritis (SA) has been more described as an adverse effect of anti-TNF α therapy than an association. We report herein a case of a typical sarcoidosis confirmed by histological proofs and an advanced SA with a bamboo column. Case Presentation: A 48-years-old woman presented with inflammatory back pain for 5 years and ankle swelling for 1 year. On physical examination, she had an exaggerated dorsal kyphosis and disappearance of lumbar lordosis with limitation in motion of the cervical and lumbar spine...
2018: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374314/-advanced-cartilage-imaging-for-detection-of-cartilage-injuries-and-osteochondral-lesions
#7
REVIEW
A S Gersing, B J Schwaiger, K Wörtler, P M Jungmann
BACKGROUND: Osteochondral defects represent a main risk factor for osteoarthritis of the ankle. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this article is to provide an overview of current optimal clinical cartilage imaging techniques of the foot and ankle and to show typical osteochondral injuries on imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A thorough literature search was performed and was supported by personal experience. RESULTS: Cartilage imaging of the foot and ankle remains challenging...
January 26, 2018: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374312/-x%C3%A2-ray-phase-contrast-principles-potential-and-advances-in-clinical-translation
#8
REVIEW
F Pfeiffer, M Reiser, E Rummeny
More than 100 years ago Max von Laue in Munich discovered that X‑rays can be interpreted not only as X‑ray quanta in a particle picture, but also show a wave character. This property has been used for a long time in basic research (e.g. in crystallography for determining the structure of proteins), but so far has had no application in medical imaging. In the last 10 years, however, very impressive technological progress could be made in preclinical research, which also makes the utilization of the wave character of X‑ray light possible for medical imaging...
January 26, 2018: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330100/osteoarthritis-year-in-review-2017-updates-on-imaging-advancements
#9
REVIEW
Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Shadpour Demehri, Ali Guermazi, John A Carrino
OBJECTIVE: This narrative review covers original research publications related to imaging advancements in osteoarthritis (OA) published in the English language between 1st April 2016 and 30th April 2017. METHODS: Relevant human studies (excluding pre-clinical and in-vitro studies), were searched and selected from PubMed database using the search terms of "osteoarthritis (OA)" in combination with "radiography", "magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)", "computed tomography (CT)", "ultrasound", "positron emission tomography (PET)," "single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)," and "scintigraphy"...
January 9, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315969/effectiveness-of-interventions-to-decrease-image-ordering-for-low-back-pain-presentations-in-the-emergency-department-a-systematic-review
#10
Chaocheng Liu, Shashwat Desai, Lynette D Krebs, Scott W Kirkland, Diana Keto-Lambert, Brian H Rowe
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is an extremely frequent reason for patients to present to an emergency department (ED). Despite evidence against the utility of imaging, simple and advanced imaging (i.e., computed tomography [CT], magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) for patients with LBP has become increasingly frequent in the ED. The objective of this review was to identify and examine the effectiveness of interventions aimed at reducing image ordering in the ED for LBP patients. METHODS: A protocol was developed a priori, following the PRISMA guidelines, and registered with PROSPERO...
January 8, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306645/transvenous-pacemaker-placement-left-lateral-decubitus-position-and-wireless-digital-radiography
#11
J S Broder, J M Silver, C E Fischetti
A patient presented with symptomatic third degree atrioventricular block requiring emergency transvenous pacemaker placement. During the procedure, wireless digital radiographs tracked the position of the pacemaker electrode, which repeatedly missed the target right ventricle. The patient was then rolled to left lateral decubitus position and the electrode was advanced into the right ventricle, achieving electrical capture, hemodynamic stability, and symptom resolution. We review the published literature on transvenous pacemaker placement and identify two innovations: left lateral decubitus position to facilitate catheter placement and wireless digital radiography for procedure guidance...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306381/does-advanced-practice-in-radiography-benefit-the-healthcare-system-a-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
S E Thom
OBJECTIVE: With ever-increasing demands on the National Health Service (NHS), members of staff are blurring their professional boundaries in the attempt to benefit the healthcare system. This review aims to establish whether advancing practice within radiography does benefit the healthcare system by examining published literature. KEY FINDINGS: Key words were input into databases such as: CINAHL, Science Direct and PubMed. Various filters were applied to narrow down the articles...
February 2018: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301708/coronary-artery-calcification-and-its-progression-what-does-it-really-mean
#13
REVIEW
Hiroyoshi Mori, Sho Torii, Matthew Kutyna, Atsushi Sakamoto, Aloke V Finn, Renu Virmani
Coronary artery calcification is concomitant with the development of advanced atherosclerosis. Coronary artery calcification pathologically begins as microcalcifications (0.5 to 15.0 μm) and grows into larger calcium fragments, which eventually result in sheet-like deposits (>3 mm). This evolution is observed to occur concurrently with the progression of plaque. These fragments and sheets of calcification can be easily identified by radiography as well as by computed tomography and intravascular imaging...
January 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295881/frequency-morbidity-and-mortality-of-bone-metastases-in-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
James J Harding, Ghaith Abu-Zeinah, Joanne F Chou, Dwight Hall Owen, Michele Ly, Maeve Aine Lowery, Marinela Capanu, Richard Do, Nancy E Kemeny, Eileen M O'Reilly, Leonard B Saltz, Ghassan K Abou-Alfa
Background: Bone metastases are common in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but their incidence, morbidity, and mortality are not well defined. Methods: The Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center database was queried for all patients with HCC and metastases seen from 2002 to 2014. The prevalence of bone metastasis was determined and cumulative incidence function was used to estimate the probability of developing a bone metastasis. Regression models were created to identify risk factors for osseous metastasis...
January 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261337/current-and-emerging-imaging-techniques-in-the-diagnosis-and-assessment-of-pulmonary-hypertension
#15
Christopher S Johns, Jim M Wild, Smitha Rajaram, Andy J Swift, David G Kiely
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a challenging condition to diagnose and treat. Over the last two decades, there have been significant advances in therapeutic approaches and imaging technologies. Current guidelines emphasize the importance of cardiac catheterization; however, the increasing availability of non-invasive imaging has the potential to improve diagnostic rates, whilst providing additional information on patient phenotypes. Areas covered: This review discusses the role of imaging in the diagnosis, prognostic assessment and follow-up of patients with PH...
February 2018: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243488/comparison-and-optimisation-of-imaging-techniques-in-suspected-physical-abuse-paediatric-radiography
#16
Jodie R Hampel, Ana Pascoal
OBJECTIVE: This study compares protocols in clinical use for paediatric Suspected Physical Abuse (SPA) radiographic imaging across four NHS Trusts in the UK. The patient dose delivered from a SPA skeletal survey was compared between two sites using different imaging technology. Additionally, the technique in use for the abdomen Anterior-Posterior (AP) radiographic projection was optimised at one of the participant sites. METHODS: Retrospective data collection was performed to compare SPA protocols...
December 15, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208800/spanning-the-horizon-of-accuracy-of-different-intraoral-radiographic-modalities-a-systematic-review
#17
Mohnish Muchhal, Lav K Niraj, Devanshu Chaudhary, Irfan Ali, Kuldeep Dhama, Basavaraj Patthi
AIM: This study was conducted with an aim to systematically review the literature for assessing the accuracy of intraoral radiographs in detection of dental caries. INTRODUCTION: Despite the advancements in oral disease science, dental caries continues to be a worldwide health concern, affecting humans of all ages. Correct diagnosis of caries is critical both in clinical practice as well as in epidemiology and radiography are worthwhile adjunct for a thorough examination...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205634/safety-and-feasibility-of-stereotactic-radiotherapy-using-computed-portal-radiography-for-canine-intracranial-tumors
#18
Nicholas J Rancilio, R Timothy Bentley, Jeannie Poulson Plantenga, Magdalena M Parys, Beatriz G Crespo, George E Moore
Stereotactic radiotherapy is a highly conformal treatment option for intracranial and extracranial malignancies. Stereotactic radiotherapy utilizes specialized equipment specifically designed to avoid normal tissue while delivering ablative treatments with submillimeter precision and accuracy. Linear accelerator based stereotactic radiotherapy incorporates on-board image guidance utilizing cone beam computed tomography (CT). Many institutions lack the ability to provide image guidance with cone beam CT but delivery of highly conformal treatments with submillimeter precision and accuracy is still feasible...
December 4, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172878/the-economic-evidence-for-advanced-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-suspected-scaphoid-fractures-systematic-review-of-evidence
#19
Tiago Rua, David Parkin, Vicky Goh, Paul McCrone, Sam Gidwani
Given the limitations of conventional radiography in the diagnosis of suspected scaphoid fractures on presentation, advanced imaging, particularly magnetic resonance imaging, is a useful additional investigation. We carried out a systematic review of the economic evidence for the use of advanced imaging in the management of suspected scaphoid fractures. Fifteen articles were included in the review. Owing to the heterogeneity of study designs, the type and timing of interventions and the economic analyses performed, direct comparisons between the 15 studies were difficult...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147708/advanced-sensing-imaging-and-therapy-nanoplatforms-based-on-nd-3-doped-nanoparticle-composites-exhibiting-upconversion-induced-by-808-nm-near-infrared-light
#20
REVIEW
Ming-Hsien Chan, Ru-Shi Liu
Malignant tumors are currently the leading cause of death worldwide, followed by cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Although various methods, such as blood examination, tissue biopsy, and radiography, for tumor detection, exist, these techniques still require further refinement. Researchers have recently explored the use of novel adjuvant methods, specifically luminescence imaging detection, for the detection of tumors. The light-triggered approach is less invasive and induces fewer side effects than traditional detection methods...
November 17, 2017: Nanoscale
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