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Radiography skill development

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595706/problem-based-learning-for-radiological-technologists-a-comparison-of-student-attitudes-toward-plain-radiography
#1
Takayoshi Terashita, Naomi Tamura, Kengo Kisa, Hidenobu Kawabata, Katsuhiko Ogasawara
BACKGROUND: Knowledge and skill expected of healthcare providers continues to increase alongside developments in medicine and healthcare. Problem-based learning (PBL) is therefore increasingly necessary in training courses for radiological technologists. However, it is necessary to evaluate the effects of PBL to completely introduce it in our education programs. As a Hypothesis, it seems that a change occurs in the student's attitudes by participating in PBL practical training. There is the Semantic Differential (SeD) technique as a method to identify student's attitudes...
2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512570/a-benchmarking-and-comparative-analysis-of-emotional-intelligence-in-student-and-qualified-radiographers-an-international-study
#2
Stuart James Mackay, Peter White, Jonathan P McNulty, Steven Lane, Sarah Jayne Lewis
INTRODUCTION: Emotional intelligence (EI) has been identified as an important trait for healthcare students and healthcare professionals alike and is a predictor of improved work performance and patient satisfaction. In this paper, we benchmark an international cohort of radiography students and compare their scores to those of known qualified practitioner and normative data. METHODS: EI scores were at commencement from radiography degree programmes at four universities in Australia, Hong Kong, Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom using the short form of the trait EI questionnaire (TEIQue-SF), which yields a Global score and four sub-factors...
December 2015: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27224299/a-big-data-and-learning-analytics-approach-to-process-level-feedback-in-cognitive-simulations
#3
Martin Pecaric, Kathy Boutis, Jason Beckstead, Martin Pusic
Collecting and analyzing large amounts of process data for the purposes of education can be considered a big data/learning analytics (BD/LA) approach to improving learning. However, in the education of health care professionals, the application of BD/LA is limited to date. The authors discuss the potential advantages of the BD/LA approach for the process of learning via cognitive simulations. Using the lens of a cognitive model of radiograph interpretation with four phases (orientation, searching/scanning, feature detection, and decision making), they reanalyzed process data from a cognitive simulation of pediatric ankle radiography where 46 practitioners from three expertise levels classified 234 cases online...
May 24, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26229652/the-development-and-evaluation-of-a-medical-imaging-training-immersive-environment
#4
Pete Bridge, Therese Gunn, Lazaros Kastanis, Darren Pack, Pamela Rowntree, Debbie Starkey, Gaynor Mahoney, Clare Berry, Vicki Braithwaite, Kelly Wilson-Stewart
INTRODUCTION: A novel realistic 3D virtual reality (VR) application has been developed to allow medical imaging students at Queensland University of Technology to practice radiographic techniques independently outside the usual radiography laboratory. METHODS: A flexible agile development methodology was used to create the software rapidly and effectively. A 3D gaming environment and realistic models were used to engender presence in the software while tutor-determined gold standards enabled students to compare their performance and learn in a problem-based learning pedagogy...
September 2014: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25797664/-an-introduction-and-implementation-of-problem-based-learning-for-radiography-positioning-training
#5
Takayoshi Terashita, Katsuhiko Ogasawara
The knowledge of radiological technologists is expected to increase with medical development. However, it is impossible to impart all knowledge in a limited time frame. Problem-based learning (PBL) is a learning methodology to solve it. In the PBL, students can gain problem-solving abilities by acquiring necessary knowledge from clinical cases and applying them during practice. We here report to implement the PBL in radiography practice. This practice opened a course at 2nd semester of third-grade students in our school...
March 2015: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25012088/medical-diagnosis-in-resource-poor-tropical-countries
#6
J M Ramos-Rincón, J Cuadros-González, E Malmierca-Corral, M de Górgolas-Hernández
When working in healthcare centers in developing countries where diagnostic resources are limited, clinical skills are of considerable importance. This study presents the diagnostic tools available in resource-poor areas. Anamnesis and physical examination are key components for reaching a correct diagnosis. The laboratory has at its disposal hemograms, basic blood chemistry and urinalysis. The available basic microbiological tests are the study of fresh feces, smears for malaria, direct smears for bacilli in sputum and Gram staining of clinical exudates...
January 2015: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24955814/diagnostic-and-procedural-imaging-curricula-in-physical-therapist-professional-degree-programs
#7
William G Boissonnault, Douglas M White, Sara Carney, Brittany Malin, Wayne Smith
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive survey. OBJECTIVE: To describe the status of diagnostic and procedural imaging curricula within United States physical therapist professional degree programs. BACKGROUND: As patient direct access to physical therapy services increases, the ability to refer patients directly for diagnostic imaging could promote more efficient delivery of care. Appropriate patient referral is contingent on physical therapists having the requisite knowledge base and skills...
August 2014: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24256650/-development-of-an-automated-method-for-analysis-of-winston-lutz-test-results-using-digital-radiography-and-photostimulable-storage-phosphor
#8
Kousuke Nagafuchi, Hidemichi Kawata, Kazutaka Nashiki, Sunao Ohkura, Kazuya Hayashida, Tomomi Kawahara, Ayumu Ohishi, Asumi Mizoguchi, Yoshifumi Saida
Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and radiotherapy (SRT) are intricate techniques that deliver a highly precise radiation dose to a localized target, usually a tumor. At our hospital, we perform SRS and SRT on brain tumors using a linear accelerator (linac) mounted with an external micro multi-leaf system. The Task Group TG-142 Report by the American Association of Physicists in Medicine recommends the coincidence of the radiation and mechanical isocenter to be within ±1 mm. The Winston-Lutz test is commonly used to verify the linac isocenter position: it has the advantages of being a simple method that uses a film or electronic portal imaging device (EPID)...
November 2013: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24096919/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-2-simulation-based-training-methods-in-radiology-effects-on-radiologic-technology-student-skill-in-assessing-image-quality
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jan B Ahlqvist, Tore A Nilsson, Leif R Hedman, Terry S Desser, Parvati Dev, Magnus Johansson, Patricia L Youngblood, Robert P Cheng, Garry E Gold
INTRODUCTION: A simulator for virtual radiographic examinations was developed. In the virtual environment, the user can perform and analyze radiographic examinations of patient models without the use of ionizing radiation. We investigated if this simulation technique could improve education of radiology technology students. We compared student performance in the assessment of radiographic image quality after training with a conventional manikin or with the virtual radiography simulator...
December 2013: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24091481/laparoscopic-unroofing-of-symptomatic-kidney-cysts-a-single-center-experience
#10
H Nasseh, A Hamidi Madani, A Ghanbari, S Arfa
AIM: This study was aimed to evaluate success and complications of laparoscopic transperitoneal renal cyst unroofing and assess its long-term results at our center. METHODS: From October 2008 till April 2012, 23 patients (14 male and 9 female) with a mean age of 53.6 years (range 32-70), underwent transperitoneal laparoscopic renal cyst unroofing at our center. None of the patients, had history of ipsilateral kidney surgery. Complication and outcomes were evaluated...
December 2013: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23827385/development-of-workflow-task-analysis-during-cerebral-diagnostic-angiographies-time-based-comparison-of-junior-and-senior-tasks
#11
Jean-Christophe Gentric, Brivael Trelhu, Pierre Jannin, Laurent Riffaud, Jean-Christophe Ferré, Jean-Yves Gauvrit
OBJECTIVE: Assessing neuroradiologists' skills in the operating room (OR) is difficult and often subjective. This study used a workflow time-based task analysis approach while performing cerebral angiography. METHODS: Eight angiographies performed by a senior neuroradiologist and eight performed by a junior neuroradiologist were compared. Dedicated software with specific terminology was used to record the tasks. Procedures were subdivided into phases, each comprising multiple tasks...
December 2013: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23496684/computed-tomography-for-the-diagnosis-of-infectious-diseases-of-the-chest
#12
Sat Sharma
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary infection is a common reason for imaging of the lung in immunocompetent and immunosuppressed patients. Findings on chest radiography are nonspecific and encompass poor sensitivity. The role of computed tomography (CT) has been evolving in the diagnosis of lung infections. OBJECTIVE: This paper reviews recent developments in the efficacy and utility of CT in the diagnosis of suspected pulmonary infections in a variety of patient populations...
November 2008: Expert Opinion on Medical Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23066650/technical-quality-of-root-canal-fillings-done-in-a-nigerian-general-dental-clinic
#13
Ezekiel Taiwo Adebayo, Lilian Ejije Ahaji, Rita Nneka Nnachetta, Olaitan Nwankwo, Nonye Akabogu-Okpeseyi, Morufu Olasunkanmi Yaya, Nurudeen Ayoola Hussain
BACKGROUND: Previous reports indicate that worldwide, the technical quality of root canal fillings is poor. There are few reports from sub-Saharan Africa and none yet from Nigeria where most patients access treatment from non-specialists especially at general dental clinics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the technical quality of root canal fillings done in a general dental clinic with emphasis on the effects of professional experience of the operator, whether tooth was anterior or posterior and whether it was a maxillary or mandibular tooth...
October 15, 2012: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22836443/career-choice-pathways-and-continuing-professional-development-of-dental-nurses-at-one-institution
#14
C Durkan, A Belsi, R Johnson, J Gallagher
OBJECTIVE: To explore the career pathways and continuing professional development of dental nurses employed at one institution relative to the scope of practice. METHOD: A questionnaire exploring career pathways and continuing professional development of dental nurses was compiled and delivered to clinical departments. Responses were entered onto SPSS v17 for analysis. RESULTS: Ninety-eight percent (n = 64) of available nurses responded to the questionnaire survey...
July 27, 2012: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22382767/management-of-esophageal-foreign-bodies-experience-in-a-developing-country
#15
Foster Tochukwu Orji, James O Akpeh, Nekwu E Okolugbo
BACKGROUND: The outcome of esophagoscopy for removal of suspected esophageal foreign bodies (EFBs) is dependent on the FB characteristics and the surgeon's experience. This study was conducted to review our experience and highlight challenges in the management of EFBs in a developing country. The value of radiologic signs in FB detection was also evaluated. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 131 patients: 58.8% males and 41.9% females aged 8 months to 64 years, treated for suspected EFBs in our institution over a 13-year period...
May 2012: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22301987/the-60-film-set-with-8-index-for-examining-physicians-proficiency-in-reading-pneumoconiosis-chest-x-rays
#16
Huashi Zhou, Yukinori Kusaka, Taro Tamura, Narufumi Suganuma, Ponglada Subhannachart, Somkiat Siriruttanapruk, Narongpon Dumavibhat, Xing Zhang, P K Sishodiya, Khuong Van Duy, Kurt G Hering, John E Parker, Eduardo Algranti, Igor Fedotov, Hisao Shida, Masanori Akira
The 60-film set was developed by experts (Expert Group) for examining 8 indices: sensitivity (X(1)) and specificity (X(2)) for pneumoconiosis, sensitivity(X(3)) and specificity for (X(4)) large opacities, sensitivity (X(5)) and specificity (X(6)) for pleural plaque, profusion increment consistency for small opacities (X(7)), and shape differentiation for small opacities (X(8)) of physicians' reading skills on pneumoconiosis X-ray according to ILO 2000 Classification. The aim of this study was to assess the appropriateness of the exam film set for evaluating physicians' reading skills...
2012: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22184597/a-mini-osce-for-formative-assessment-of-diagnostic-and-radiographic-skills-at-a-dental-college-in-india
#17
Shailesh M Lele
The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) is being widely used for assessment of skills in dental education around the world. In India, OSCE awareness is rising, and a few exploratory attempts have been made in its implementation. This article describes use of a five-station mini-OSCE for formative assessment of dental diagnostic and radiographic skills in an undergraduate curriculum. Besides gaining experience in OSCEs, the purpose of this project was to study their validity, objectivity, feasibility, acceptability to students and faculty, and impact on student performance...
December 2011: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22068433/robotic-assisted-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-filling-an-unmet-need
#18
REVIEW
Joseph P Carrozza
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has undergone a remarkable evolution over the past 25 years. Initially, the procedure was limited to relatively straightforward lesions and was associated with significant risk and unpredictable long-term efficacy. With the incorporation of new technologies such as stents, the safety and efficacy of the procedure has improved dramatically. However, the fundamental way in which the procedure is performed has changed little since the time of Gruntzig's first successful case...
February 2012: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21908776/creating-and-validating-self-efficacy-scales-for-students
#19
Jonathan Kitching, Simon Cassidy, Peter Eachus, Peter Hogg
PURPOSE: Student radiographers must possess certain abilities to progress in their training; these can be assessed in various ways. Bandura's social cognitive theory identifies self-efficacy as a key psychological construct with regard to how people adapt to environments where new skills are developed. Use of this construct is common in health care literature but little has been noted within radiographic literature. The authors sought to develop a self-efficacy scale for student radiographers...
September 2011: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21725082/impact-of-the-international-atomic-energy-agency-iaea-actions-on-radiation-protection-of-patients-in-many-countries
#20
REVIEW
Madan M Rehani, Virginia Tsapaki
In the 1990s, there was a lack of information on patient doses in most developing countries. In 2004, the International Atomic Energy Agency initiated projects aimed at assessing 'how safe are patients in radiological procedures and how to make them safer'. The major obstacle was a lack of medical physicists with patient dosimetry skills and a lack of dosimetry facilities. Actions taken were such as to yield results within a short span of time and a number of publications with interesting findings. Results showed that while patient doses in radiography are largely within diagnostic reference levels (DRLs), poor image quality is rampant...
September 2011: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
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