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Radiography skill development

P Bain, A Wareing, I Henderson
BACKGROUND: Peer-assisted learning provides a means through which individuals can learn from one another through a reciprocal process. Radiographic image interpretation skills are fundamental to both diagnostic radiography students and medical students due to their shared role in preliminary evaluation of conventional radiographic images. Medical students on graduation, may not be well prepared to carry out image interpretation, since evidence suggests that they perform less well than radiographers in e...
September 2017: Radiography
A Wareing, C Buissink, D Harper, M Gellert Olesen, M Soto, S Braico, P Van Laer, I Gremion, L Rainford
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to complete a collaborative review of Radiography continuing professional development (CPD) research material to support the production of European Federation of Radiographer Societies (EFRS) CPD recommendations. A meta-ethnography approach to literature review was applied focussing upon commonalities rather than discrepancies between research outcomes. This facilitated exploration of context across the geographical region of Europe with national variations in CPD governance...
September 2017: Radiography
R Higgins, P Hogg, L Robinson
AIM: To evaluate the learning experience of a level 5 (year 2) student cohort within a research-informed teaching (RiT) activity and to map findings against learning outcomes and level descriptors using constructive alignment. METHOD: An online questionnaire was used to explore the level 5 student experience of a Research-informed Teaching (RiT) activity. Responses were retrospectively mapped against Framework for Higher Education Qualifications (FHEQ) level descriptors for level 5 using constructive alignment...
September 2017: Radiography
V Challen, Z Laanelaid, T Kukkes
PURPOSE: To explore perceptions of professionalism amongst Estonian radiography students in order to identify their understandings of professionalism, the factors that influence the development of their understandings and those skills required to achieve professionalism. METHODS: A qualitative study using a semi-structured focus group approach involved four main questions: 1. What does the word professionalism mean to you? 2. What does the word unprofessionalism mean to you? 3...
September 2017: Radiography
Sebastiaan Koole, Shani Van Den Brulle, Véronique Christiaens, Wolfgang Jacquet, Jan Cosyn, Hugo De Bruyn
BACKGROUND: Competence profiles are purposed to provide a blueprint in support to develop and/or benchmark the learning outcomes of undergraduate dental curricula. This study aims to investigate whether a competence profile as proposed by academic- and clinical experts is able to represent the real clinical reality. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed including questions about gender and age, perception about required competences, and educational organisation and was distributed among Flemish dentists via email and on paper during a symposium...
July 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
C Wright, P Reeves
PURPOSE: Universities need to deliver educational programmes that create radiography graduates who are ready and able to participate in abnormality detection schemes, ultimately delivering safe and reliable performance because junior doctors are exposed to the risk of misdiagnosis if unsupported by other healthcare professionals. Radiographers are ideally suited to this role having the responsibility for conducting the actual X-ray examination. METHOD: The image interpretation performance of one cohort of student radiographers was measured upon enrolment from UCAS in the first week of university education and then again prior to graduation using RadBench (n = 23)...
February 2017: Radiography
W Elshami, M E Abdalla
INTRODUCTION: Assessment is a central part of student learning. Student involvement in peer assessment leads to significant improvement in students' performance, supports students' learning, promotes the development of evaluation skills and encourages reflection. AIM: The aim of this study is to assess perceptions of the Formative Peer Assessment (FPA) initiative within a higher education setting for undergraduate radiography students. METHODS: Qualitative action research was conducted...
February 2017: Radiography
Takayoshi Terashita, Naomi Tamura, Kengo Kisa, Hidenobu Kawabata, Katsuhiko Ogasawara
BACKGROUND: Knowledge and skill expected of healthcare providers continues to increase alongside developments in medicine and healthcare. Problem-based learning (PBL) is therefore increasingly necessary in training courses for radiological technologists. However, it is necessary to evaluate the effects of PBL to completely introduce it in our education programs. As a Hypothesis, it seems that a change occurs in the student's attitudes by participating in PBL practical training. There is the Semantic Differential (SeD) technique as a method to identify student's attitudes...
September 5, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Stuart James Mackay, Peter White, Jonathan P McNulty, Steven Lane, Sarah Jayne Lewis
INTRODUCTION: Emotional intelligence (EI) has been identified as an important trait for healthcare students and healthcare professionals alike and is a predictor of improved work performance and patient satisfaction. In this paper, we benchmark an international cohort of radiography students and compare their scores to those of known qualified practitioner and normative data. METHODS: EI scores were at commencement from radiography degree programmes at four universities in Australia, Hong Kong, Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom using the short form of the trait EI questionnaire (TEIQue-SF), which yields a Global score and four sub-factors...
December 2015: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Martin Pecaric, Kathy Boutis, Jason Beckstead, Martin Pusic
Collecting and analyzing large amounts of process data for the purposes of education can be considered a big data/learning analytics (BD/LA) approach to improving learning. However, in the education of health care professionals, the application of BD/LA is limited to date. The authors discuss the potential advantages of the BD/LA approach for the process of learning via cognitive simulations. Using the lens of a cognitive model of radiograph interpretation with four phases (orientation, searching/scanning, feature detection, and decision making), they reanalyzed process data from a cognitive simulation of pediatric ankle radiography where 46 practitioners from three expertise levels classified 234 cases online...
February 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Pete Bridge, Therese Gunn, Lazaros Kastanis, Darren Pack, Pamela Rowntree, Debbie Starkey, Gaynor Mahoney, Clare Berry, Vicki Braithwaite, Kelly Wilson-Stewart
INTRODUCTION: A novel realistic 3D virtual reality (VR) application has been developed to allow medical imaging students at Queensland University of Technology to practice radiographic techniques independently outside the usual radiography laboratory. METHODS: A flexible agile development methodology was used to create the software rapidly and effectively. A 3D gaming environment and realistic models were used to engender presence in the software while tutor-determined gold standards enabled students to compare their performance and learn in a problem-based learning pedagogy...
September 2014: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
Takayoshi Terashita, Katsuhiko Ogasawara
The knowledge of radiological technologists is expected to increase with medical development. However, it is impossible to impart all knowledge in a limited time frame. Problem-based learning (PBL) is a learning methodology to solve it. In the PBL, students can gain problem-solving abilities by acquiring necessary knowledge from clinical cases and applying them during practice. We here report to implement the PBL in radiography practice. This practice opened a course at 2nd semester of third-grade students in our school...
March 2015: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
J M Ramos-Rincón, J Cuadros-González, E Malmierca-Corral, M de Górgolas-Hernández
When working in healthcare centers in developing countries where diagnostic resources are limited, clinical skills are of considerable importance. This study presents the diagnostic tools available in resource-poor areas. Anamnesis and physical examination are key components for reaching a correct diagnosis. The laboratory has at its disposal hemograms, basic blood chemistry and urinalysis. The available basic microbiological tests are the study of fresh feces, smears for malaria, direct smears for bacilli in sputum and Gram staining of clinical exudates...
January 2015: Revista Clínica Española
William G Boissonnault, Douglas M White, Sara Carney, Brittany Malin, Wayne Smith
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive survey. OBJECTIVE: To describe the status of diagnostic and procedural imaging curricula within United States physical therapist professional degree programs. BACKGROUND: As patient direct access to physical therapy services increases, the ability to refer patients directly for diagnostic imaging could promote more efficient delivery of care. Appropriate patient referral is contingent on physical therapists having the requisite knowledge base and skills...
August 2014: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Kousuke Nagafuchi, Hidemichi Kawata, Kazutaka Nashiki, Sunao Ohkura, Kazuya Hayashida, Tomomi Kawahara, Ayumu Ohishi, Asumi Mizoguchi, Yoshifumi Saida
Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and radiotherapy (SRT) are intricate techniques that deliver a highly precise radiation dose to a localized target, usually a tumor. At our hospital, we perform SRS and SRT on brain tumors using a linear accelerator (linac) mounted with an external micro multi-leaf system. The Task Group TG-142 Report by the American Association of Physicists in Medicine recommends the coincidence of the radiation and mechanical isocenter to be within ±1 mm. The Winston-Lutz test is commonly used to verify the linac isocenter position: it has the advantages of being a simple method that uses a film or electronic portal imaging device (EPID)...
November 2013: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
Jan B Ahlqvist, Tore A Nilsson, Leif R Hedman, Terry S Desser, Parvati Dev, Magnus Johansson, Patricia L Youngblood, Robert P Cheng, Garry E Gold
INTRODUCTION: A simulator for virtual radiographic examinations was developed. In the virtual environment, the user can perform and analyze radiographic examinations of patient models without the use of ionizing radiation. We investigated if this simulation technique could improve education of radiology technology students. We compared student performance in the assessment of radiographic image quality after training with a conventional manikin or with the virtual radiography simulator...
December 2013: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
H Nasseh, A Hamidi Madani, A Ghanbari, S Arfa
AIM: This study was aimed to evaluate success and complications of laparoscopic transperitoneal renal cyst unroofing and assess its long-term results at our center. METHODS: From October 2008 till April 2012, 23 patients (14 male and 9 female) with a mean age of 53.6 years (range 32-70), underwent transperitoneal laparoscopic renal cyst unroofing at our center. None of the patients, had history of ipsilateral kidney surgery. Complication and outcomes were evaluated...
December 2013: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
Jean-Christophe Gentric, Brivael Trelhu, Pierre Jannin, Laurent Riffaud, Jean-Christophe Ferré, Jean-Yves Gauvrit
OBJECTIVE: Assessing neuroradiologists' skills in the operating room (OR) is difficult and often subjective. This study used a workflow time-based task analysis approach while performing cerebral angiography. METHODS: Eight angiographies performed by a senior neuroradiologist and eight performed by a junior neuroradiologist were compared. Dedicated software with specific terminology was used to record the tasks. Procedures were subdivided into phases, each comprising multiple tasks...
December 2013: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
Sat Sharma
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary infection is a common reason for imaging of the lung in immunocompetent and immunosuppressed patients. Findings on chest radiography are nonspecific and encompass poor sensitivity. The role of computed tomography (CT) has been evolving in the diagnosis of lung infections. OBJECTIVE: This paper reviews recent developments in the efficacy and utility of CT in the diagnosis of suspected pulmonary infections in a variety of patient populations...
November 2008: Expert Opinion on Medical Diagnostics
Ezekiel Taiwo Adebayo, Lilian Ejije Ahaji, Rita Nneka Nnachetta, Olaitan Nwankwo, Nonye Akabogu-Okpeseyi, Morufu Olasunkanmi Yaya, Nurudeen Ayoola Hussain
BACKGROUND: Previous reports indicate that worldwide, the technical quality of root canal fillings is poor. There are few reports from sub-Saharan Africa and none yet from Nigeria where most patients access treatment from non-specialists especially at general dental clinics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the technical quality of root canal fillings done in a general dental clinic with emphasis on the effects of professional experience of the operator, whether tooth was anterior or posterior and whether it was a maxillary or mandibular tooth...
October 15, 2012: BMC Oral Health
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