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Adebayo Aremu Ibikunle, Abdurrazaq Olanrewaju Taiwo, Ramat Oyebunmi Braimah
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the pattern of oral and maxillofacial surgeries done in Nigeria. Despite the rising prominence of oral and maxillofacial surgery as a specialty in our immediate environment, no published audit of the surgeries performed exist. This study aims to present the pattern and types of major surgeries done by oral and maxillofacial surgeons in our hospital as well as the indications for such surgeries. It is hoped that the findings will assist in formulating informed policies and improving healthcare delivery...
June 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Yumna Abrar, Sidra Tul Muntaha, Kamran Khan, Umar Hameed
Deltopectoral flap is a widely used flap in reconstruction surgery. A patient presented with extra-oral solitary swelling on the right lower jaw and an intra-oral exophytic growth located along the lower border of right mandibular jaw. Incisional biopsy was done which revealed moderately-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. Clinical staging was T4N1M0. Treatment plan devised was segmental mandibulectomy along with excision of involved skin, supraomohyoid neck dissection followed by reconstruction. Apron incision with lip split was used...
June 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Syeda Sara Tajammul, Usman Ali, Faiza Kazi, Hassan Mahmood
Ameloblastic carcinoma (AC) is a very rare odontogenic malignancy. Primary AC is more common in maxilla, while secondary AC is more common in mandible. Histologically, it is an ameloblastoma with features of cancer. Presence of metastasis is not necessary to establish the diagnosis. This tumor usually metastasises in bone or lungs. We report a case of aggressive secondary AC of mandible with lung metastasis. There are few cases in medical literature discussing management of AC with lung metastasis. In this case, a 42-year woman, who was diagnosed with ameloblastoma of right mandible, was treated with right hemi-mandibulectomy...
June 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Guilherme Klein Parise, Maria Isabela Guebur, Gyl Henrique Albrecht Ramos, Anne Karoline Groth, Alfredo Benjamin Duarte da Silva, Laurindo Moacir Sassi
The mandibular defects caused by mandibulectomies can involve esthetic and functional sequelae in patients. The fibula presents positive aspects and can be used as an option for mandibular reconstruction after tumor resections or extensive traumas. Furthermore, this retrospective study of the patients who have passed through a mandibular reconstruction with a microvascular fibular flap over the last 17 years describes the experience of the Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryService at the ErastoGaertner Hospital, Curitiba/PR...
May 25, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Suhani Ghai, Yogesh Sharma, Neha Jain, Mrinal Satpathy, Ajay Kumar Pillai
Three-dimensional (3-D) printing is a method of manufacturing in which materials like plastic or metal are deposited onto one another in layers to produce a 3-D object. Because of the complex anatomy of craniomaxillofacial structures, full recovery of craniomaxillofacial tissues from trauma, surgeries, or congenital malformations is extremely challenging. 3-D printing of scaffolds, tissue analogs, and organs has been proposed as an exciting alternative to address some of these key challenges in craniomaxillofacial surgery...
May 25, 2018: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Ameya A Jategaonkar, Arvind K Badhey, Fiyin Sokoya, Sameep Kadakia, Steven Mudrovich, Yadranko Ducic
Bisphosphonates are among several drugs known in modern medicine to have a potentially deleterious effect on the mandible with chronic use. While purportedly causing a necrotic reaction in the bone, the complete mechanism is not fully elucidated yet as cases are quite rare in the general public. Despite the esoteric nature of this entity, patients suffering from bisphosphonate induced necrosis have a complicated and prolonged course often involving varying degrees of mandibular debridement with severe cases requiring reconstruction...
May 16, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Yujiro Hiraoka, Masaya Akashi, Satoshi Wanifuchi, Junya Kusumoto, Manabu Shigeoka, Takumi Hasegawa, Kazunobu Hashikawa, Hiroto Terashi, Takahide Komori
OBJECTIVE: Pain is one of the most problematic symptoms in patients with osteoradionecrosis of the jaws. This study investigated the associations between pain severity and morphologic alterations of the mandibular canal and inferior alveolar nerve, in respective computerized tomography images and resected specimens of mandibular osteoradionecrosis. STUDY DESIGN: We assessed 14 lesions in 13 patients who underwent segmental mandibulectomy for surgical debridement and simultaneous reconstruction with free fibula flap (1 patient exhibited bilateral lesions)...
April 16, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Ciro Dantas Soares, Roman Carlos, Thayná Melo de Lima Morais, Oslei Paes de Almeida
Dentinogenic ghost cell tumor (DGCT), a rare, benign odontogenic tumor with aggressive behavior, causes bone destruction and cortical expansion. We report here a case of DGCT in a 38-year-old male, presenting with enormous extraoral protrusion, which radiographically was predominantly radiolucent with radiopaque areas. Microscopically, it was observed to be a solid ameloblastomatous proliferation with pseudoglandular structures associated with clusters of ghost cells. Abundant dentinoid material adjacent to the epithelial sheets containing entrapped epithelial tumor cells was also evident...
April 18, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
C Bräuer, G Lauer, H Leonhardt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Janet W Lee, Arnaud F Bewley, Craig W Senders
Desmoid fibromatosis (DF) is a rare, benign soft tissue neoplasm with high rate of local recurrence. Surgical management of DF in the head and neck can be challenging given the desire to balance the preservation of form and function with the need to minimize local recurrence by achieving complete resection. We present two contrasting cases which highlight the advantages of marginal mandibulectomy over segmental mandibulectomy in children with DF. We favor marginal mandibulectomy even with limited bone stock given the remarkable ability of children to generate new bone...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Ricardo Horta, Sergio Teixeira, Ricardo Nascimento, Alvaro Silva, Jose Amarante
Facial artery perforator flaps have been recently reported by different authors for perioral, nasal alar and cheek defects, but not for intraoral reconstruction. We have extended the use of the facial artery perforator flap in a 56-year-old man with a squamous cell carcinoma of left mouth floor, who was submitted to tumor resection with marginal mandibulectomy and left supraomohyoid neck dissection. The flap was designed according to the size of the defect (5 × 3 cm), centered on the perforator to create a symmetric flap and was tunnelled intraorally by means of a 90° rotation...
May 2, 2018: Microsurgery
Ali-Farid Safi, Martin Kauke, Andrea Grandoch, Hans-Joachim Nickenig, Joachim Zöller, Matthias Kreppel
PURPOSE: Lymph node ratio (LNR) essentially improves assessment of prognosis and therapeutic decision making for patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma, as it considers both the number of positive lymph nodes and the number of dissected lymph nodes. Mandibular infiltration by oral squamous cell carcinoma is a vital clinicopathological feature, significantly worsens prognosis. However, to the best of our knowledge, data on the influence of LNR on prognosis for patients with OSCC and mandibular infiltration are not available...
June 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
R W H Smits, Ivo Ten Hove, E A C Dronkers, T C Bakker Schut, H Mast, R J Baatenburg de Jong, E B Wolvius, G J Puppels, S Koljenović
Resection margins are frequently studied in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma and are accepted as a constant prognostic factor. While most evidence is based on soft tissue margins, reported data for bone resection margins are scarce. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate and determine the utility of surgical margins in bone resections for oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC). The status of bone resection margins and their impact on survival was investigated in patients who had undergone segmental mandibulectomy for OCSCC...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Peter G Cordeiro, Peter W Henderson, Evan Matros
BACKGROUND: This study establishes a novel and broadly applicable defect classification system and flap selection algorithm for segmental mandibulectomy defects that emphasize the importance of the soft-tissue deficit, in addition to that of the bony defect. METHODS: Between 1992 and 2011, 202 patients with mandibulectomy defects underwent immediate reconstruction performed by a single surgeon. Details of the bony and soft-tissue defects, recommendations for the most appropriate reconstruction for each clinical scenario, and surgical outcomes are presented...
April 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Chengshuai Yang, Shunyao Shen, Jinyang Wu, Shilei Zhang
Mandible plays a pivotal role for both function (mastication, swallowing, and phonation) and aesthetic. Traumas, osteomyelitis, osteoradionecrosis, and benign or malignant neoplasm can cause mandibular defect. Several techniques have been proposed for mandibular reconstruction along the past decades. In this article, we present and discuss a new modified method for accurate mandibular reconstruction. This method is mainly indicated in patients with benign mandibular tumors, where the resection margins can be more often anticipated prior to surgery...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Keisuke Sugahara, Yoshiharu Katsumi, Masahide Koyachi, Yu Koyama, Satoru Matsunaga, Kento Odaka, Shinichi Abe, Masayuki Takano, Akira Katakura
Background: Along with the advances in technology of three-dimensional (3D) printer, it became a possible to make more precise patient-specific 3D model in the various fields including oral and maxillofacial surgery. When creating 3D models of the mandible and maxilla, it is easier to make a single unit with a fused temporomandibular joint, though this results in poor operability of the model. However, while models created with a separate mandible and maxilla have operability, it can be difficult to fully restore the position of the condylar after simulation...
December 2018: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Takeshi Tsuka, Yoshiharu Okamoto, Naoki Yamamoto, Keiji Hayashi, Takehito Morita, Yuji Sunden, Yusuke Murahata, Kazuo Azuma, Tomohiro Osaki, Norihiko Ito, Tomohiro Imagawa
A 2-month-old female Holstein calf and a 5-month-old female Japanese black calf presented with a gingival vascular hamartoma located in the interdental space between the second and third mandibular incisors in the right and left mandibles, respectively. Osteolytic changes appeared within the mandibular bones adjacent to the masses on radiographic or computed tomographic images. The masses were removed along with affected mandibular bone by unilateral rostral mandibulectomy. Two cases exhibited a normal appetite and grew normally, with no cosmetic changes and recurrences...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Science
José de Souza Brandão Neto, Felipe Toyama Aires, Rogério Aparecido Dedivitis, Leandro Luongo Matos, Claudio Roberto Cernea
BACKGROUND: Suspicion of mandibular invasion directly influences perioperative strategy, requiring marginal or segmental mandibulectomy, or reconstruction in some cases. This has a considerable impact on outcome and quality of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of magnetic resonance and computed tomography in the prediction of mandibular invasion in patients with oral cavity cancer. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted, including diagnostic studies comparing magnetic resonance imaging with computed tomography in the prediction of bone invasion...
March 2018: Oral Oncology
Hidenori Suzuki, Ikuo Hyodo, Yasuhisa Hasegawa
The present study investigated whether tongue base and mandibular bone defects were associated with the rate of decannulation and oral intake recovery, and survival time, including overall and lung metastasis-free survival time, in patients that underwent oral malignant tumor (OMT) resection with reconstruction. A total of 105 patients that underwent OMT resection with laryngeal preservation and reconstruction were recruited. The extent of defects was classified according to Urken's classification. The rates of decannulation and oral intake recovery were assessed with the Kaplan-Meier method...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
Christopher D Lopez, J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Lukasz Witek, Jonathan M Bekisz, Bruce N Cronstein, Andrea Torroni, Roberto L Flores, Eduardo D Rodriguez, Paulo G Coelho
BACKGROUND: Vascularized bone tissue transfer, commonly used to reconstruct large mandibular defects, is challenged by long operative times, extended hospital stay, donor-site morbidity, and resulting health care. 3D-printed osseoconductive tissue-engineered scaffolds may provide an alternative solution for reconstruction of significant mandibular defects. This pilot study presents a novel 3D-printed bioactive ceramic scaffold with osseoconductive properties to treat segmental mandibular defects in a rabbit model...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
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