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Hui Ren, Nigel P Birch, Vinod Suresh
Robust and reproducible in vitro models are required for investigating the pathways involved in fluid homeostasis in the human alveolar epithelium. We performed functional and phenotypic characterisation of ion transport in the human pulmonary epithelial cell lines NCI-H441 and A549 to determine their similarity to primary human alveolar type II cells. NCI-H441 cells exhibited high expression of junctional proteins ZO-1, and E-cadherin, seal-forming claudin-3, -4, -5 and Na+-K+-ATPase while A549 cells exhibited high expression of pore-forming claudin-2...
2016: PloS One
J L Santiago, R Borge, F Martin, D de la Paz, A Martilli, J Lumbreras, B Sanchez
The distribution of pollutants is spatially heterogeneous within urban streets making difficult to build a realistic concentration map. In this paper, a methodology based on computational fluid dynamic modeling with Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes approach is used to compute maps of concentration for a period of several weeks. The methodology is evaluated by comparing simulation results against experimental data from two different campaigns where a large number of passive samplers deployed in an area with heavy vehicular traffic in Madrid (Spain)...
October 22, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Panagiotis Kousoulis, Athanasios Pantes, Georgios Alevetsovitis, Ourania Fydanaki
INTRODUCTION: The Motion Sickness Assessment Questionnaire (MSAQ) was developed in order to assess the multiple dimensions of the motion sickness syndrome (gastrointestinal, central nervous system, peripheral, and sopite-related symptoms). The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Greek version of the MSAQ. METHODS: The MSAQ was translated into Greek and then translated back into English. Minor differences between the two texts were corrected...
2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Blanka Bucsella, Antoine Fornage, Catherine Le Denmat, Franka Kálmán
In biotechnological processes the intracellular level of nucleotides and nucleotide sugars have a direct impact on the post-translational modification (glycosylation) of the therapeutic protein products and on the exopolysaccharide pattern of the cells. Thus, they are precursors and also key components in the production of glycoproteins and glycolipids. All four nucleotides (at different phosphorylation stages) and their natural sugar derivatives coexist in biological samples. Their relative ratios depend on the actual conditions under which the cells are grown...
October 2016: Chimia
John F Ouyang, Ryan P A Bettens
Many-body effects are required for an accurate description of both structure and dynamics of large chemical systems. However, there are numerous such interactions to consider and it is not obvious which ones are significant. We provide a general and fast method for establishing which small set of three- and four-body interactions are important. This is achieved by estimating the maximum many-body effects, $\epsilon_\mathrm{max}$, that can arise in a given arrangement of bodies. Through careful analysis of $\epsilon_\mathrm{max}$ we find two overall causes for significant many-body interactions...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
Magdalena Zaborowska, Jonatan Tillander, Rickard Brånemark, Lars Hagberg, Peter Thomsen, Margarita Trobos
Staphylococci and enterococci account for most deep infections associated with bone-anchored percutaneous implants for amputation treatment. Implant-associated infections are difficult to treat; therefore, it is important to investigate if these infections have a biofilm origin and to determine the biofilm antimicrobial susceptibility to improve treatment strategies. The aims were: (i) to test a novel combination of the Calgary biofilm device and a custom-made susceptibility MIC plate (Sensititre(®) ), (ii) to determine the biofilm formation and antimicrobial resistance in clinical isolates causing implant-associated osteomyelitis, and (iii) to describe the associated clinical outcome...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Jeffrey R Hawley, Prateek Kalra, Xiaokui Mo, Brian Raterman, Lisa D Yee, Arunark Kolipaka
PURPOSE: Previous studies of breast MR elastography (MRE) evaluated the technique at magnetic field strengths of 1.5 Tesla (T) with the breast in contact with the driver. The aim of this study is to evaluate breast stiffness measurements and their reproducibility using a soft sternal driver at 3T and compare the results with qualitative measures of breast density. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two healthy volunteers each underwent two separate breast MRE scans in a 3T MRI...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Maryna Lapotka, María Ruz, Alberto Salamanca Ballesteros, Olga Ocón Hernández
PURPOSE: This study describes a new methodology-the cold pressor gel test (CPGT)-for delivering an accessible experimental pain stimulus, which is reproducible and safe for functional MRI (fMRI). METHODS: The cold pressor test was modified to put safety precautions into the CPGT. The material used is cool gelled water with a thickening product, which provides a stable temperature at 0.2 °C. Thirteen women with chronic pelvic pain were scanned using a 3 Tesla (T) MR scanner equipped with a 12-channel head coil...
October 25, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Jessica O Leasure, Jeffrey N Peck, Armando Villamil, Kara L Fiore, Cheryl A Tano
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the inter- and intra-observer variability in measurement of the angle of lateral opening (ALO) and version angle measurement using digital radiography and computed tomography (CT). METHODS: Each hemipelvis was implanted with a cementless acetabular cup. Ventrodorsal and mediolateral radiographs were made of each pelvis, followed by CT imaging. After removal of the first cup, the pelves were implanted with an acetabular cup in the contralateral acetabulum and imaging was repeated...
October 25, 2016: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
Miyeon Lee, Changjun Park, Hyoban Lee, Hongki Kim, Sang Youl Kim, Insik In, Bongsoo Kim
We report the characterization and formation of catechol-terminated molecules immobilized on gold nanoplates (Au NPLs) using N-(3,4-dihydroxyphenethyl)-2-mercaptoacetamide (Cat-EAA-SH). Single-crystalline Au NPLs, synthesized using a one-step chemical vapor transport method, have ultraclean and ultraflat surfaces that make Cat-EAA-SH molecules aligned into a well-ordered network of a large-scale. Topographic study of the catechol-terminated molecules on Au NPLs using atomic force microscopy showed more orderly orientation and higher density, leading to significantly higher adhesion as observed from local force-distance curves than those on other Au surfaces...
November 25, 2016: Nanotechnology
Murwantoko Murwantoko, Arif Bimantara, Roosmanto Roosmanto, Masashi Kawaichi
A pathogen of giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, was recently recorded in a hatchery in Yogyakarta. The clinical symptom in post-larvae (PL) was a whitish appearance of the muscles in the tail. Histological examination revealed myonecrosis with massive infiltration of myonuclei and hemocytes. RT-PCR products of 850 bp were obtained when using RNA from diseased PL as a template. The clinical signs and RT-PCR amplicon were reproduced in M. rosenbergii inoculated with bacteria-free inocula. Electron microscopy demonstrated that the M...
2016: SpringerPlus
L Reissner, K Böttger, H J Klein, M Calcagni, T Giesen
Range of motion and stability are important outcome parameters to assess function of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ), in particular pronation, supination, and weight-lifting capacity. The DRUJ semiconstrained implant developed by Scheker et al is intended to reproduce all the functions of the triangular fibrocartilage complex and the DRUJ. The aim of the study was to investigate the subjective, clinical, and radiographic results in 10 patients after primary implantation of the semiconstrained DRUJ arthroplasty following DRUJ derangement and painful instability, with an average follow-up of 3 years with a special focus on the complications...
November 2016: Journal of Wrist Surgery
Evan Hersh, Jaime Grimm, Jeannette Whitton
Negative reproductive interactions are likely to be strongest between close relatives and may be important in limiting local coexistence. In plants, interspecific pollen flow is common between co-occurring close relatives and may serve as the key mechanism of reproductive interference. Agamic complexes, systems in which some populations reproduce through asexual seeds (apomixis), while others reproduce sexually, provide an opportunity to examine effects of reproductive interference in limiting coexistence. Apomictic populations experience little or no reproductive interference, because apomictic ovules cannot receive pollen from nearby sexuals...
September 2016: Ecology and Evolution
Randa Abdel Malik, Nina Zippel, Timo Frömel, Juliana Heidler, Sven Zukunft, Barbara Walzog, Nariman Ansari, Francesco Pampaloni, Susanne Wingert, Michael A Rieger, Ilka Wittig, Beate Fisslthaler, Ingrid Fleming
RATIONALE: The AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is stimulated by hypoxia and while the AMPKα1 catalytic subunit has been implicated in angiogenesis, little is known about the role played by the AMPKα2 subunit in vascular repair. OBJECTIVE: To determine the role of the AMPKα2 subunit in vascular repair. METHODS AND RESULTS: Recovery of blood flow after femoral artery ligation was impaired (>80%) in AMPKα2(-/-) versus wild-type mice, a phenotype reproduced in mice lacking AMPKα2 in myeloid cells (AMPKα2(ΔMC))...
October 24, 2016: Circulation Research
Said H Lubbad
Three monoliths based on poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-divinylbenzene) were prepared in the confines of borosilicate glass columns (100 × 3 mm I.D.). The first monolith was applied for analysis of proteins by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. It furnished a fast base-line separation for four proteins (ribonuclease A, cytochrome c, α-lactalbumin and myoglobin) in <80 s, with optimum resolution range of 2.11-2.84, and extremely small values of peak width at half height with a range of 1...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Chromatographic Science
Danilo Bacic, Juliana Saran Carneiro, Afonso Alves Bento, Bruce D Nearing, Sridharan Rajamani, Luiz Belardinelli, Richard L Verrier
BACKGROUND: The capacity of catecholamines to induce VT is well documented. OBJECTIVE: The effectiveness of the novel cardiac late sodium inhibitor eleclazine in suppressing catecholamine-induced ventricular tachycardia (VT) in a large animal model was compared to flecainide. METHODS: In 13 closed-chest anesthetized Yorkshire pigs, spontaneous VT and surges in T-wave alternans (TWA) measured using the Modified Moving Average method were induced by epinephrine (2...
October 21, 2016: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
M C Rusu, S Hostiuc, A D Vrapciu, L Mogoantă, V S Mănoiu, F Grigoriu
Telocytes (TCs) are morphologically defined as small-sized cells with long, thin, moniliform processes called telopodes (Tps). Numerous papers imply that TCs are a distinctive cell type, and that transmission electron microscopy (TEM) is the gold standard tool for their identification. We aimed to reproduce previous studies on myocardial TCs to check their validity. For this purpose we performed an immunohistochemical study on human cardiac samples from six autopsied donor cadavers, using antibodies against CD10, CD31, CD34, CD146, Ki67, alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), Platelet-Derived Growth Factor Receptor - alpha (PDGFRα) and laminin...
October 21, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
Bjørn Hagen, Marit Valla, Guro Aune, Merethe Ravlo, Anne Britt Abusland, Elisabeth Araya, Marit Sundset, Solveig Tingulstad
OBJECTIVE: A sentinel lymph node (SLN) strategy may have particular value in endometrial cancer (EC) because a therapeutic effect of lymphadenectomy per se is unproven. The aim was to evaluate indocyanine green (ICG) and near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence mapping using a surgical algorithm. METHODS: From November 2012 through December 2015, women with apparently early stage EC underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy including ICG fluorescence SLN mapping following the Memorial Sloane Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) surgical algorithm...
October 21, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Ting Zhang, Zhong-Zhen Su, Ping Wang, Tao Wu, Wen Tang, Er-Jiao Xu, Jin-Xiu Ju, Xian-Yue Quan, Rong-Qin Zheng
PURPOSE: To investigate the value of double contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (DCEUS) in the detection of periampullary cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-nine patients with surgery or biopsy-proven periampullary cancer who underwent both DCEUS and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations before operation were enrolled in our study. DCEUS in which intravenous microbubbles were used in combination with oral contrast agent and MRI were performed preoperatively to make a detection diagnosis of periampullary cancer...
November 2016: European Journal of Radiology
Estefanía Moreno-Gordaliza, Sven J van der Lee, Ayşe Demirkan, Cornelia M van Duijn, Johan Kuiper, Petrus W Lindenburg, Thomas Hankemeier
A new capillary isotachophoresis (cITP) method for lipoprotein profiling with superior lipoprotein coverage compared to previous methods has been developed, resolving twice as many lipoprotein species (18 peaks/fractions) in serum or plasma in less than 9.5 min. For this, a novel mixture of 24 spacers, including amino acids, dipeptides and sulfonic acids, was developed and fine-tuned, using predictive software (PeakMaster) and testing of spiked serum samples. Lipoprotein peaks were identified by serum-spiking with reference lipoproteins...
November 9, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
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