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Facial plastic

Jason Talmadge, Robin High, William Wesley Heckman
IMPORTANCE: Spreader grafts are commonly used for nasal valve stenosis. There is debate among practitioners regarding the optimal approach for spreader graft placement. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether an endonasal spreader graft placement leads to equivalent postoperative outcomes using a standardized nasal obstruction symptom score and whether there is a significant difference in operative time between the 2 approaches. DESIGN: A retrospective review of functional rhinoplasties by a single facial plastic surgeon over a 2-year period was conducted...
March 13, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Ewa Siucinska, Wojciech Brutkowski, Tytus Bernas
We found previously that fear conditioning by combined stimulation of a row B facial vibrissae (conditioned stimulus, CS) with a tail shock (unconditioned stimulus, UCS) leads to expansion of the cortical representation of the "trained" row, labeled with 2-deoxyglucose (2DG), in the layer IIIb/IV of the adult mouse the primary somatosensory cortex (S1) 24 h later. We have observed that learning - dependent these plastic changes are manifested by increased expression of somatostatin, cholecystokinin (SST+, CCK+) but not parvalbumin (PV+) immunopositive interneurons...
March 14, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
John S Rhee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2018: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Akash A Chandawarkar, Daniel J Gould, W Grant Stevens
Background: Recent studies demonstrate that board-certified plastic surgeons are underrepresented amongst individuals posting public-directed marketing plastic surgery-related content on Instagram. However, peer-to-peer and education-based social media influence has not been studied. Twitter is a social media platform has been suggested to be useful for educating the masses and connecting with colleagues. Objectives: The purpose of this study is to identify the top influencers in plastic surgery on Twitter, characterize who they are, and relate their social media influence to academic influence...
March 6, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Stéphanie Moortgat, Damien Lederer, Marie Deprez, Marga Buzatu, Philippe Clapuyt, Sébastien Boulanger, Valérie Benoit, Sandrine Mary, Agnès Guichet, Alban Ziegler, Estelle Colin, Dominique Bonneau, Isabelle Maystadt
Mutations in the oligophrenin 1 gene (OPHN1) have been identified in patients with X-linked intellectual disability (XLID) associated with cerebellar hypoplasia and ventriculomegaly, suggesting it could be a recognizable syndromic intellectual disability (ID). Affected individuals share additional clinical features including speech delay, seizures, strabismus, behavioral difficulties, and slight facial dysmorphism. OPHN1 is located in Xq12 and encodes a Rho-GTPase-activating protein involved in the regulation of the G-protein cycle...
March 3, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
Akın Buğra Pişiren, Ayça Arman-Özçırpıcı, Nilüfer İrem Tunçer
PURPOSE: The aim of this survey study was to assess the influence of chin prominence on the perception of profile esthetics between genders by orthodontists, oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMF), plastic surgeons, orthognathic patients and laypersons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 731 observers participated in this study. Profile photographs of one female and one male showing ideal soft tissue values, skeletal class 1 relationship, and normodivergent facial type were modified with photo editing program (Adobe Photoshop CC software), so that the chin was moved posteriorly up to 10 mm and anteriorly up to 8 mm at 2-mm intervals...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
T Zogheib, R Jacobs, M M Bornstein, J O Agbaje, D Anumendem, Y Klazen, C Politis
Background: Three dimensional facial scanning is an innovation that provides opportunity for digital data acquisition, smile analysis and communication of treatment plan and outcome with patients. Objectives: To assess the applicability of 3D facial scanning as compared to 2D clinical photography. Materials & Methods: Sample consisted of thirty Caucasians aged between 25 and 50 years old, without any dentofacial deformities. Fifteen soft-tissue facial landmarks were identified twice by 3 observers on 2D and 3D images of the 30 subjects...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Branislav Kollar, Bohdan Pomahac
Hundred years ago, Sir Harold Gillies laid a foundation to the modern plastic surgery trying to reconstruct facial defects of severely disfigured soldiers of World War I. Some years later, Joseph Murray experimented with rejection of skin grafts aimed for treatment of burned patients who sustained their injuries on battlefields of World War II. In 1954, the acquired expertise and intensive research allowed him to perform the first successful kidney transplantation in the world at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston...
February 25, 2018: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
Carolina Posso, David Delgado Anaya, Jeison Aguilar Henao, Juan M Velasquez Gaviria
PURPOSE: The previous cadaveric studies of facial artery perforators have frequently reported high variability, and those results remain to be validated in the Colombian population. Thus, we aimed to describe the vascular anatomy of the lateral nasal artery cutaneous branches and their clinical applications using Colombian cadavers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine hemifaces from six fresh cadavers were included in the study. Terminal branches of the facial artery and cutaneous perforators of the lateral nasal artery were dissected...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Matthew R Zeiderman, Shahrooz Sean Kelishadi, John Paul Tutela, Arun Rao, Saeed Chowdhry, Ronald M Brooks, Bradon J Wilhelmi
Background: Minimally invasive cosmetic procedures are the most commonly performed aesthetic techniques by plastic surgeons. Patients are interested in a pain-free experience. Surgeons desire patient satisfaction and time-efficient utilization of office staff and resources. Clinical evidence exists for use of vapocoolant technology to reduce pain associated with intravenous cannulation in the pediatric population and in hemodialysis patients. Applying vapocoolant technology to facial rejuvenation is a novel approach to decrease pain associated with neurotoxin or filler injection...
2018: Eplasty
Muhammad Mustehsan Bashir, Muhammad Sohail, Afzaal Bashir, Farid Ahmad Khan, Sadia Nosheen Jan, Muhammad Imran, Fridoon Jawad Ahmad, Mahmood S Choudhery
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcomes of conventional fat grafting for facial contour deformities and to describe clinical outcome of a patient with contour deformity of face treated with ex vivo expanded adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) enriched fat graft. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Department of Plastic Surgery and Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Laboratory, King Edward Medical University/Mayo Hospital, Lahore, from September 2015 to September 2017...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Li Hu, Yun Zou, Shih-Jen Chang, Yajing Qiu, Hui Chen, Ma Gang, Yunbo Jin, Xiaoxi Lin
BACKGROUND: Early intervention might improve the quality of surgical scars. Botulinum toxin type A has been shown to improve surgical scars in the past decade. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of botulinum toxin type A on surgical facial scars. METHODS: In this prospective, split-scar, double-blind, randomized controlled trial, 16 consecutive patients who underwent facial surgery between June and October of 2015 were enrolled. Botulinum toxin type A was injected randomly into half of each surgical wound closure immediately after surgery...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Giuseppina Porciello, Ilaria Bufalari, Ilaria Minio-Paluello, Enrico Di Pace, Salvatore Maria Aglioti
Understanding how self-representation is built, maintained and updated across the lifespan is a fundamental challenge for cognitive psychology and neuroscience. Studies demonstrate that the detection of body-related multisensory congruency builds bodily and facial self-representations that are crucial to developing self-recognition. Studies showing that the bodily self is more malleable than previously believed were mainly concerned with full-bodies and non-facial body parts. Crucially, however, intriguing recent evidence indicates that simple experimental manipulations could even affect self-face representation that has long been considered a stable construct impervious to change...
February 9, 2018: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
Alexandria L Irace, Catherine Shank, Eelam A Adil, Michael J Cunningham, Kosuke Kawai, Georgios Sideridis, Reza Rahbar
Importance: Monitoring current trends in pediatric otolaryngology will help adjust our training and practice paradigms in a way that ensures the long-term viability of the specialty. Objectives: To gauge the current scope of pediatric otolaryngology (ORL) practice within and outside of the United States and to identify changes in caseload over the past decade. Design, Setting, and Participants: An online survey was sent to pediatric ORL chairs and/or fellowship directors at 42 institutions in the United States and abroad...
February 22, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Tristan Klosterman, Thomas Romo Iii
Digital patient photography and morphing software have become an important part of rhinoplasty over the past few decades. Presented is a novel technology incorporating 3D photography and printing to produce life-size models for use in patient evaluation and treatment. Surveys were conducted to assess patient response and were universally positive. Early surgeon experience also indicates benefit for intraoperative use. Three-dimensional printing and modeling is a new technology that has exciting applications for rhinoplasty and facial plastic surgery...
February 21, 2018: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Najwa Jamil Abdulrazzak Al-Chalabi, Ahmed Fadhil Al-Quisi, Thair Abdul Lateef
AIM: This study was designed to evaluate the role of single session autologous facial fat grafting in correcting facial asymmetries after mixing it with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and injecting them into rich vascular facial muscular plane. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients (12 females and 3 males) with age ranging from 18 years to 40 years were included in this study and followed up during 6 months, all the patients were treated in the Al-Shaheed Ghazi Al-Hariri for specialized surgeries hospital (Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq)...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
V Quinzi, E T Scibetta, E Marchetti, S Mummolo, A B Giannì, M Romano, G Beltramini, G Marzo
Plastic surgery is gaining more and more popularity, while stigma and popular myths about it are gradually decreasing. Analyze My Face conjunctly deals with the two main problems of facial plastic surgery: the excessive rate of dissatisfaction, which results in high revision requests and negative psychological side-effects and the “diagnosis by procedure” approach, which leads to erroneous measurements. This new and innovative method of Digital Facial Analysis is a direct non-expensive online service that provides professional and documented in-depth consultation to patients before they decide to undergo any type of facial intervention...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Konstantinos Karamesinis, Efthimia K Basdra
Jaw discrepancies and malrelations affect a large proportion of the general population and their treatment is of utmost significance for individuals' health and quality of life. The aim of their therapy is the modification of aberrant jaw development mainly by targeting the growth potential of the mandibular condyle through its cartilage, and the architectural shape of alveolar bone through a suture type of structure, the periodontal ligament. This targeted treatment is achieved via external mechanical force application by using a wide variety of intraoral and extraoral appliances...
February 14, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Na Li, Juntao Han, Dahai Hu, Jing Cheng, Hongtao Wang, Yunchuan Wang, Xuekang Yang, Jiaqi Liu, Ting Li, Wenli Zhao
Intense pulsed light (IPL) has been used to treat postinflammatory hyperpigmentation and telangiectasia in Fitzpatrick type I -II skin. However, its therapeutic effects after superficial second-degree burns in Asian populations with Fitzpatrick type III-IV skin are uncertain. Thirty-five Han Chinese patients with facial or hand hyperpigmentation and telangiectasia due to second-degree fire burns received treatment with IPL. Each patient underwent 2-6 treatments over 3-5 weeks. The laser wavelength was 560-615 nm...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Murilo Matias, Marcos Roberto de Freitas, Karina Maria Salvatore de Freitas, Guilherme Janson, Rodrigo Hitoshi Higa, Manoela Fávaro Francisconi
Coated archwires and ceramic brackets have been developed to improve facial esthetics during orthodontic treatment. However, their mechanical behavior has been shown to be different from metallic archwires and brackets. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the deflection forces in coated nickel-titanium (NiTi) and esthetic archwires combined with ceramic brackets. Material and Methods Non-coated NiTi (NC), rhodium coated NiTi (RC), teflon coated NiTi (TC), epoxy coated NiTi (EC), fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP), and the three different conventional brackets metal-insert polycrystalline ceramic (MI-PC), polycrystalline ceramic (PC) and monocrystalline ceramic (MC) were used...
2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
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