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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092861/a-deafening-flash-visual-interference-of-auditory-signal-detection
#1
Christopher Fassnidge, Claudia Cecconi Marcotti, Elliot Freeman
In some people, visual stimulation evokes auditory sensations. How prevalent and how perceptually real is this? 22% of our neurotypical adult participants responded 'Yes' when asked whether they heard faint sounds accompanying flash stimuli, and showed significantly better ability to discriminate visual 'Morse-code' sequences. This benefit might arise from an ability to recode visual signals as sounds, thus taking advantage of superior temporal acuity of audition. In support of this, those who showed better visual relative to auditory sequence discrimination also had poorer auditory detection in the presence of uninformative visual flashes, though this was independent of awareness of visually-evoked sounds...
January 13, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092471/genomics-pipelines-and-data-integration-challenges-and-opportunities-in-the-research-setting
#2
Jeremy Davis-Turak, Sean M Courtney, E Starr Hazard, W Bailey Glen, Willian da Silveira, Timothy Wesselman, Larry P Harbin, Bethany J Wolf, Dongjun Chung, Gary Hardiman
The emergence and mass utilization of high-throughput (HT) technologies, including sequencing technologies (genomics) and mass spectrometry (proteomics, metabolomics, lipids), has allowed geneticists, biologists, and biostatisticians to bridge the gap between genotype and phenotype on a massive scale. These new technologies have brought rapid advances in our understanding of cell biology, evolutionary history, microbial environments, and are increasingly providing new insights and applications towards clinical care and personalized medicine...
January 16, 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089060/evaluating-services-at-a-major-trauma-center-before-helipad-construction
#3
Danny Jon Nian Wong, James Robert Bedford, Simon Luck, Roger Bloomer
INTRODUCTION: Two of the 4 hospitals designated as major trauma centers in London, UK, currently operate on-site helicopter landing pads. King's College Hospital (KCH) is constructing a third. We evaluate current trauma services at King's College Hospital, before the helipad entering service, establishing baseline workload and mortality measures. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from patients admitted January 1, 2014, to December 31, 2015, to KCH after major trauma with on-scene helicopter emergency medical services involvement (N = 427) using the Trauma Audit and Research Network database...
January 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088222/clinical-importance-of-personality-difficulties-diagnostically-sub-threshold-personality-disorders
#4
Max Karukivi, Tero Vahlberg, Kalle Horjamo, Minna Nevalainen, Jyrki Korkeila
BACKGROUND: Current categorical classification of personality disorders has been criticized for overlooking the dimensional nature of personality and that it may miss some sub-threshold personality disturbances of clinical significance. We aimed to evaluate the clinical importance of these conditions. For this, we used a simple four-level dimensional categorization based on the severity of personality disturbance. METHODS: The sample consisted of 352 patients admitted to mental health services...
January 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088171/assessing-the-sustainability-of-daily-chlorhexidine-bathing-in-the-intensive-care-unit-of-a-veteran-s-hospital-by-examining-nurses-perspectives-and-experiences
#5
Jackson S Musuuza, Tonya J Roberts, Pascale Carayon, Nasia Safdar
BACKGROUND: Daily bathing with chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) of intensive care unit (ICU) patients has been shown to reduce healthcare-associated infections and colonization by multidrug resistant organisms. The objective of this project was to describe the process of daily CHG bathing and identify the barriers and facilitators that can influence its successful adoption and sustainability in an ICU of a Veterans Administration Hospital. METHODS: We conducted 26 semi-structured interviews with a convenience sample of 4 nurse managers (NMs), 13 registered nurses (RNs) and 9 health care technicians (HCTs) working in the ICU...
January 14, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088109/carbetocin-versus-oxytocin-for-prevention-of-post-partum-haemorrhage-at-caesarean-section-in-the-united-kingdom-an-economic-impact-analysis
#6
Helen A van der Nelson, Tim Draycott, Dimitrios Siassakos, Christopher W H Yau, Anthony J Hatswell
OBJECTIVE: To determine the economic impact of the introduction of carbetocin for the prevention of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) at caesarean section, compared to oxytocin. STUDY DESIGN: The model is a decision tree conducted from a UK National Health Service perspective. 1500 caesarean sections (both elective and emergency) were modelled over a 12 month period. Efficacy data was taken from a published Cochrane meta-analysis, and costs from NHS Reference costs, the British National Formulary and the NHS electronic Medicines Information Tool...
January 3, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088062/a-retrospective-audit-of-bacterial-culture-results-of-donated-human-milk-in-perth-western-australia
#7
Yahya Almutawif, Benjamin Hartmann, Megan Lloyd, Wendy Erber, Donna Geddes
INTRODUCTION: The bacterial content of donated human milk is either endogenous or introduced via contamination. Defining milk bank bacterial content will allow researchers to devise appropriate tests for significant and commonly encountered organisms. OBJECTIVE: A retrospective audit was conducted on data recorded from the Perron Rotary Express Milk Bank, King Edward Memorial Hospital, Subiaco, Western Australia. This aimed to describe the incidence of bacterial species detected in donated human milk and to identify potentially pathogenic bacteria...
January 11, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087889/national-audit-of-the-quality-of-pain-relief-provided-in-emergency-departments-in-aotearoa-new-zealand-the-prized-1-study
#8
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: Pain is a common feature of ED presentations and the timely provision of adequate analgesia is important for patient care. However, there is currently no New Zealand data with respect to this indicator of care quality. The present study aimed to provide a baseline for the quality of care with respect to the provision of timely and adequate analgesia in New Zealand EDs. METHODS: The present study is a secondary analysis of data initially collected for the Shorter Stays in Emergency Department Study, using a retrospective chart review of 1685 randomly selected ED presentations (2006-2012) from 26 New Zealand public hospital EDs...
January 13, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087887/evaluation-of-a-standardized-ward-round-in-a-prenatal-inpatient-setting
#9
Katie Christensen, Sarah Janssens, Michael Beckmann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of incorporating a standardized ward round (SWR) tool including checklists for communication, safety, and efficiency into ward rounds. METHODS: A prospective non-randomized, before-and-after observational study was conducted at a tertiary maternity hospital in Brisbane, Australia, between October 1, 2014, and October 1, 2015. Obstetric team members performing prenatal ward rounds used role-specific lanyards prompting the structure of each consultation...
December 10, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087569/exercise-as-treatment-for-alcohol-use-disorders-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Mats Hallgren, Davy Vancampfort, Esther S Giesen, Andreas Lundin, Brendon Stubbs
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis investigating effects of exercise for people with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) across multiple health outcomes. We also investigated the prevalence and predictors of dropout from exercise studies in AUDs. DESIGN: Systematic review and random effects meta-analysis with meta-regression analyses. DATA SOURCES: 3 major electronic databases were searched from inception until April 2016 for exercise intervention studies in adults with AUDs...
January 13, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086822/assessment-of-quality-of-care-among-in-patients-with-postpartum-haemorrhage-and-severe-pre-eclampsia-at-st-francis-hospital-nsambya-a-criteria-based-audit
#11
Alfred Lumala, Peter Sekweyama, Andrew Abaasa, Humphrey Lwanga, Romano Byaruhanga
BACKGROUND: The maternal mortality ratio of Uganda is still high and the leading causes of maternal mortality are postpartum haemorrhage (PPH), severe pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. Criteria-based audit (CBA) is a way of improving quality of care that has not been commonly used in low income countries. This study aimed at finding out the quality of care provided to patients with these conditions and to find out if the implementation of recommendations from the audit cycle resulted in improvement in quality of care...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086813/information-exchange-networks-of-health-care-providers-and-evidence-based-cardiovascular-risk-management-an-observational-study
#12
Naomi Heijmans, Jan van Lieshout, Michel Wensing
BACKGROUND: Although a wide range of preventive and clinical interventions has targeted cardiovascular risk management (CVRM), outcomes remain suboptimal. Therefore, the question is what additional determinants of CVRM and outcomes can be identified and addressed to optimize CVRM. In this study, we aimed to identify new perspectives for improving healthcare delivery and explored associations between information exchange networks of health care providers and evidence-based CVRM. METHODS: This observational study was performed parallel to a randomized clinical trial which aimed to improve professional performance of practice nurses in the Netherlands...
January 13, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086764/an-audit-of-the-quality-of-online-immunisation-information-available-to-australian-parents
#13
K E Wiley, M Steffens, N Berry, J Leask
BACKGROUND: The Internet is increasingly a source of health information for parents, who use the Internet alongside health care providers for immunisation information. Concerns have been raised about the reliability of online immunisation information, however to date there has been no audit of the quality or quantity of what is available to Australian parents. The objective of this study was to address this gap by simulating a general online search for immunisation information, and assessing the quality and quantity of the web sites returned by the search...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081061/vital-signs-decrease-in-incidence-of-diabetes-related-end-stage-renal-disease-among-american-indians-alaska-natives-united-states-1996-2013
#14
Ann Bullock, Nilka Ríos Burrows, Andrew S Narva, Karen Sheff, Israel Hora, Akaki Lekiachvili, Hannah Cain, David Espey
BACKGROUND: American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN) have the highest diabetes prevalence among any racial/ethnic group in the United States. Among AI/AN, diabetes accounts for 69% of new cases of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), defined as kidney failure treated with dialysis or transplantation. During 1982-1996, diabetes-related ESRD (ESRD-D) in AI/AN increased substantially and disproportionately compared with other racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: Data from the U...
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078474/clinical-audit-effectively-bridges-the-evidence-practice-gap-in-chronic-subdural-haematoma-management
#15
Jignesh Tailor, D Fernando, Z Sidhu, R Foley, K D Abeysinghe, D C Walsh
BACKGROUND: Placement of a subdural drain after drainage of chronic subdural haematoma (CSDH) has been shown to reduce the rate of recurrence in several randomised controlled trials (RCT). The most recently published RCT was from Cambridge, UK, in 2009. Despite class I evidence for the use of subdural drains, it is unclear whether these results have been translated into clinical practice. In this clinical audit we review the use of subdural drains in our institution before and after the publication of the 2009 RCT results...
January 11, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078099/aligning-the-planets-the-role-of-nurses-in-the-care-of-patients-with-non-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#16
Christi Deaton, Rachel Johnson, Maggie Evans, Adam Timmis, Justin Zaman, Harry Hemingway, Jacqueline Hughes, Gene Feder, Helen Cramer
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown variation in care for patients with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), including in the roles of specialist and advanced practice nurses in diagnosis, treatment and coordination of care. AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the roles and responsibilities of specialist and advanced practice nurses in providing care for patients with NSTEMI. METHODS: Secondary analysis of observational field notes and interviews from an ethnographic study of variation in care for NSTEMI patients in 10 UK hospitals conducted 2011-2012...
January 2017: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077613/socioeconomic-deprivation-and-the-outcome-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-england-and-wales
#17
Michael C Steiner, Derek Lowe, Katy Beckford, John Blakey, Charlotte E Bolton, Sarah Elkin, William D-C Man, C Michael Roberts, Louise Sewell, Paul Walker, Sally J Singh
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) improves exercise capacity and health status in patients with COPD, but many patients assessed for PR do not complete therapy. It is unknown whether socioeconomic deprivation associates with rates of completion of PR or the magnitude of clinical benefits bequeathed by PR. METHODS: PR services across England and Wales enrolled patients to the National PR audit in 2015. Deprivation was assessed using Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) derived from postcodes...
January 11, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077113/a-possible-dose-response-association-between-distance-to-farmers-markets-and-roadside-produce-stands-frequency-of-shopping-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-and-body-mass-index-among-customers-in-the-southern-united-states
#18
Stephanie B Jilcott Pitts, Jedediah Hinkley, Qiang Wu, Jared T McGuirt, Mary Jane Lyonnais, Ann P Rafferty, Olivia R Whitt, Nancy Winterbauer, Lisa Phillips
BACKGROUND: The association between farmers' market characteristics and consumer shopping habits remains unclear. Our objective was to examine associations among distance to farmers' markets, amenities within farmers' markets, frequency of farmers' market shopping, fruit and vegetable consumption, and body mass index (BMI). We hypothesized that the relationship between frequency of farmers' market shopping and BMI would be mediated by fruit and vegetable consumption. METHODS: In 15 farmers' markets in northeastern North Carolina, July-September 2015, we conducted a cross-sectional survey among 263 farmers' market customers (199 provided complete address data) and conducted farmers' market audits...
January 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077096/rates-and-trends-in-cesarean-sections-between-2008-and-2012-in-iraq
#19
Nazar P Shabila
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of cesarean sections is increasing globally; however, it can lead to significant increases in maternal and infant morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to determine the rates and trends of cesarean sections in Iraq. METHODS: The cesarean section rates of all births and public and private hospital-based births were calculated from the data on births provided by the annual reports of the Iraqi Ministry of Health for the years 2008 and 2012...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076913/use-of-intravenous-immunoglobulin-therapy-for-myositis-an-audit-in-south-australian-patients
#20
Caroline Foreman, Paul Russo, Noelene Davies, Pravin Hissaria, Susanna Proudman, Tiffany Hughes, Vidya Limaye
In South Australia, between 2000 and 2014, 57 patients with idiopathic inflammatory myositis (IIM) were treated with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg). We reviewed disease characteristics to determine predictors of response to therapy and IVIg dosing and duration to identify opportunities to rationalise IVIg use. Patients with dermatomyositis/polymyositis had a response rate of 77% and were more likely than inclusion body myositis to respond to therapy. Consideration should be given to the use of the lowest possible dose of IVIg and to the undertaking of trials of cessation of IVIg in patients with stable IIM...
January 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
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