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urine proteomics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448998/cardiac-amyloidosis-from-clinical-suspicion-to-morphological-diagnosis
#1
REVIEW
Pavla Flodrova, Patrik Flodr, Tomas Pika, Jiri Vymetal, Dusan Holub, Petr Dzubak, Marian Hajduch, Vlastimil Scudla
Amyloidosis is a heterogeneous group of diseases characterised by extracellular accumulation of amyloid in various tissues and organs of the body, leading to alteration and destruction of tissues. Heart involvement is the most important prognostic factor in patients with systemic amyloidosis and the diagnosis and typing of amyloid must be made properly. The clinical picture shows congestive heart failure with predominant right-sided heart failure symptoms in fully developed disease, various types of arrhythmias and characteristic electrocardiography and echocardiography findings...
February 12, 2018: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445323/urine-proteomics-of-primary-membranous-nephropathy-using-nanoscale-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-analysis
#2
Lu Pang, Qianqian Li, Yan Li, Yi Liu, Nan Duan, Haixia Li
Background: Primary membranous nephropathy (PMN) is an important cause of nephrotic syndrome in adults. Urine proteome may provide important clues of pathophysiological mechanisms in PMN. In the current study, we analyzed and compared the proteome of urine from patients with PMN and normal controls. Methods: We performed two technical replicates (TMT1 and TMT2) to analyze and compare the urine proteome from patients with PMN and normal controls by tandem mass tag (TMT) technology coupled with nanoscale liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry analysis (LC-MS/MS)...
2018: Clinical Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436780/autosomal-tubulointerstitial-kidney-disease-muc1-type-differential-proteomics-suggests-that-mutated-muc1-insc-affects-vesicular-transport-in-renal-epithelial-cells
#3
Simon Staubach, Andrea Wenzel, Bodo B Beck, Markus M Rinschen, Stefan Müller, Franz-Georg Hanisch
Autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease associated to the MUC1 gene (ADTKD-MUC1; formerly MCKD1) belongs to a heterogenous group of rare hereditary kidney diseases that is prototypically caused by frameshift mutations in the MUC1 repeat domain. The mutant MUC1(insC) lacks the transmembrane domaine, exhibits aberant cellular topology and hence might gain a function during the pathological process. To get insight into potential pathomechanisms we performed differential proteomics of extracellular vesicles shed by renal epithelia into the urine of patients...
February 13, 2018: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415455/proteome-profiling-of-diabetic-mellitus-patient-urine-for-discovery-of-biomarkers-by-comprehensive-ms-based-proteomics
#4
Yoshitoshi Hirao, Suguru Saito, Hidehiko Fujinaka, Shigeru Miyazaki, Bo Xu, Ali F Quadery, Amr Elguoshy, Keiko Yamamoto, Tadashi Yamamoto
Diabetic mellitus (DM) is a disease that affects glucose homeostasis and causes complications, such as diabetic nephropathy (DN). For early diagnosis of DN, microalbuminuria is currently one of the most frequently used biomarkers. However, more early diagnostic biomarkers are desired in addition to microalbuminuria. In this study, we performed comprehensive proteomics analysis of urine proteomes of diabetic mellitus patients without microalbuminuria and healthy volunteers to compare the protein profiles by mass spectrometry...
February 6, 2018: Proteomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414043/immuno-informatics-driven-proteome-wide-investigation-revealed-novel-peptide-based-vaccine-targets-against-emerging-multiple-drug-resistant-providencia-stuartii
#5
Yelda Asad, Sajjad Ahmad, Thanyada Rungrotmongkol, Kara E Ranaghan, Syed Sikander Azam
The bacterium Providencia stuartii, is associated with urinary tract infections and is the most common cause of purple urine bag syndrome. The increasing multi-drug resistance pattern shown by the pathogen and lack of licensed vaccines make treatment of infections caused by P. stuartii challenging. As vaccinology data against the pathogen is scarce, an in silico proteome based Reverse Vaccinology (RV) protocol, in combination with subtractive proteomics is introduced in this work to screen potential vaccine candidates against P...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402790/unravelling-pathophysiology-of-crystalline-nephropathy-in-ceftriaxone-associated-acute-kidney-injury-a-cellular-proteomic-approach
#6
Supawat Chatchen, Nutkridta Pongsakul, Chantragan Srisomsap, Wararat Chiangjong, Suradej Hongeng, Jisnuson Svasti, Somchai Chutipongtanate
BACKGROUND: Previous studies showed that ceftriaxone can cause acute kidney injury (AKI) in the pediatric population. This study proposed a cellular model of crystalline nephropathy in ceftriaxone-associated AKI and explored the related pathophysiology by using a proteomic approach. METHODS: Ceftriaxone was crystallized with calcium in artificial urine. Madin-Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) cells, a model of distal renal tubular cell, were cultured in the absence (untreated control) or presence of ceftriaxone crystals for 48-h (n = 5 each)...
January 16, 2018: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396622/aqp2-in-human-urine-is-predominantly-localized-to-exosomes-with-preserved-water-channel-activities
#7
Yuko Miyazawa, Saki Mikami, Keiko Yamamoto, Masaki Sakai, Tatsuya Saito, Tadashi Yamamoto, Kenichi Ishibashi, Sei Sasaki
BACKGROUND: AQP2 water channel is critical for urinary concentration in the kidney. Interestingly, AQP2 is abundantly excreted in the urine as extracellular vesicles (EVs), which is known to be a useful biomarker for water-balance disorders although the character of AQP2-enriched EVs is poorly understood including water channel function. METHODS: Human urine EVs were obtained by a differential centrifugation method. AQP2-bearing EVs were isolated by immunoprecipitation with an AQP2-specific antibody, and the proteins in the EVs were analyzed by LC-MS/MS proteomic analysis...
February 2, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370641/re-stone-former-urine-proteome-demonstrates-a-cationic-shift-in-protein-distribution-compared-to-normal
#8
Dean G Assimos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367715/biomarkers-in-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease-quo-vadis
#9
D Wolff, H Greinix, S J Lee, T Gooley, S Paczesny, S Pavletic, F Hakim, F Malard, M Jagasia, A Lawitschka, J A Hansen, D Pulanic, E Holler, A Dickinson, E Weissinger, M Edinger, S Sarantopoulos, K R Schultz
Biomarkers are increasingly used for diagnosis and treatment of transplant-related complications including the first biomarker-driven interventional trials of acute graft-versus-host disease (GvHD). In contrast, the development of biomarkers of chronic GvHD (cGvHD) has lagged behind due to a broader variety of manifestations, overlap with acute GvHD, a greater variation in time to onset and maximum severity, and lack of sufficient patient numbers within prospective trials. An international workshop organized by a North-American and European consortium was held in Marseille in March 2017 with the goal to discuss strategies for future biomarker development to guide cGvHD therapy...
January 24, 2018: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359342/serum-proteomic-pattern-in-female-stress-urinary-incontinence
#10
Marianne Koch, Wolfgang Umek, Engelbert Hanzal, Thomas Mohr, Sonja Seyfert, Heinz Koelbl, Goran Mitulović
The pathophysiology of Stress Urinary Incontinence (SUI) is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to identify the serum proteomic profile in patients with SUI and to replicate findings from a preceding study in which a significant difference in the urinary proteome was identified. Serum samples were collected from 38 patients (19 SUI; 19 matched, continent controls). Sample preparation included serum albumin depletion, in-solution enzymatic digestion of proteins applying a combination of Gluc-C and trypsin and peptide separation using nano High Performance Liquid Chromatography...
January 23, 2018: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310262/nano-biotinylated-liposome-based-immunoassay-for-the-ultrasensitive-detection-of-protein-biomarker-in-urine
#11
Peng Liu, Xueen Fang, Hongmei Cao, Mingli Gu, Jilie Kong, Anmei Deng
With the development of proteomics and the continuous discovery of biomarkers of trace proteins, it is important to accurately quantify low abundance protein, especially in urine for clinical diagnostics. In this paper, we reported a novel nano-biotinylated liposome-based immuno-loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LI-LAMP) for the ultrasensitive detection of REG1A (a biomarker for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) in urine) with high specificity. The detection range was 1µg/mL to 1fg/mL, with a detection limit of 1fg/mL, and no cross-reactivity was observed to occur in this assay...
March 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306028/unique-mtb-protein-found-in-urine-of-tb-patients-discovery-of-a-unique-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-protein-through-proteomic-analysis-of-urine-from-patients-with-active-tuberculosis
#12
Nira Pollock, Rakesh Dhiman, Nada Daifalla, Maha Farhat, Antonio Campos-Neto
Identification of pathogen-specific biomarkers present in patients' serum or urine samples can be a useful diagnostic approach. In efforts to discover Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) biomarkers we identified by mass spectroscopy a unique 21-mer Mtb peptide sequence (VVLGLTVPGGVELLPGVALPR) present in the urines of TB patients from Zimbabwe. This peptide has 100% sequence homology with the protein TBCG_03312 from the C strain of Mtb (a clinical isolate identified in New York, NY, USA) and 95% sequence homology with Mtb oxidoreductase (MRGA423_21210) from the clinical isolate MTB423 (identified in Kerala, India)...
January 3, 2018: Microbes and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286311/comparative-proteomics-analysis-of-urine-reveals-down-regulation-of-acute-phase-response-signaling-and-lxr-rxr-activation-pathways-in-prostate-cancer
#13
Katarina Davalieva, Sanja Kiprijanovska, Ivana Maleva Kostovska, Sotir Stavridis, Oliver Stankov, Selim Komina, Gordana Petrusevska, Momir Polenakovic
Detecting prostate cancer (PCa) using non-invasive diagnostic markers still remains a challenge. The aim of this study was the identification of urine proteins that are sufficiently sensitive and specific to detect PCa in the early stages. Comparative proteomics profiling of urine from patients with PCa, benign prostate hyperplasia, bladder cancer, and renal cancer, coupled with bioinformatics analysis, were performed. Statistically significant difference in abundance showed 20 and 85 proteins in the 2-D DIGE/MS and label-free LC-MS/MS experiments, respectively...
December 29, 2017: Proteomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276918/-analysis-of-urine-proteome-in-patients-with-postinfarction-cardiosclerosis-combined-with-hypertensive-disease-for-assessing-endothelial-dysfunction
#14
V P Masenko, L K Pastushkova, D N Kashirina, I V Dobrokhotov, A S Kononikhin, E S Tiys, V A Ivanisenko, O M Veselova, O N Vyborov, A M Nosovskiy, I N Goncharov, E N Nikolaev, I M Larina
In our study urine protein composition of 18 healthy volunteers was compared with that of 18 patients with ischemic heart disease and concomitant hypertension. Liquid chromatography-mass-spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis of the second fraction of morning urine was carried out using nano-line high performance liquid chromatograph and hybrid mass spectrometer. The analysis revealed 23 proteins expressed in the endothelium, according to the information contained in the database Bgee, and 49 proteins, with direct functional link with the processes in the endothelium in the reconstruction of associative networks using ANDSystem program...
November 2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251021/prostate-cancer-proteomics-clinically-useful-protein-biomarkers-and-future-perspectives
#15
Paula Intasqui, Ricardo P Bertolla, Marcus Vinicius Sadi
Although prostate cancer constitutes one of the most important, death-related diseases in the male population, there is still a need for identification of sensitive biomarkers that could precociously detect the disease and differentiate aggressive from indolent cancers, in order to decrease overtreatment. Proteomics research has improved understanding on mechanisms underlying tumorigenesis, cancer cells migration and invasion potential, and castration resistance. This review has focused on proteomic studies of prostate cancer published in the recent years, with a special emphasis on determination of biomarkers for cancer progression and diagnosis...
January 2018: Expert Review of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242247/chip-regulates-aquaporin-2-quality-control-and-body-water-homeostasis
#16
Qi Wu, Hanne B Moeller, Donté A Stevens, Rebekah Sanchez-Hodge, Gabrielle Childers, Marleen L A Kortenoeven, Lei Cheng, Lena L Rosenbaek, Carrie Rubel, Cam Patterson, Trairak Pisitkun, Jonathan C Schisler, Robert A Fenton
The importance of the kidney distal convoluted tubule (DCT) and cortical collecting duct (CCD) is highlighted by various water and electrolyte disorders that arise when the unique transport properties of these segments are disturbed. Despite this critical role, little is known about which proteins have a regulatory role in these cells and how these cells can be regulated by individual physiologic stimuli. By combining proteomics, bioinformatics, and cell biology approaches, we found that the E3 ubiquitin ligase CHIP is highly expressed throughout the collecting duct; is modulated in abundance by vasopressin; interacts with aquaporin-2 (AQP2), Hsp70, and Hsc70; and can directly ubiquitylate the water channel AQP2 in vitro shRNA knockdown of CHIP in CCD cells increased AQP2 protein t1/2 and reduced AQP2 ubiquitylation, resulting in greater levels of AQP2 and phosphorylated AQP2...
December 14, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208969/association-of-kidney-fibrosis-with-urinary-peptides-a-path-towards-non-invasive-liquid-biopsies
#17
Pedro Magalhães, Martin Pejchinovski, Katerina Markoska, Miroslaw Banasik, Marian Klinger, Dominika Švec-Billá, Ivan Rychlík, Merita Rroji, Arianna Restivo, Giovambattista Capasso, Flaviu Bob, Adalbert Schiller, Alberto Ortiz, Maria Vanessa Perez-Gomez, Pablo Cannata, Maria Dolores Sanchez-Niño, Radomir Naumovic, Voin Brkovic, Momir Polenakovic, William Mullen, Antonia Vlahou, Petra Zürbig, Lars Pape, Franco Ferrario, Colette Denis, Goce Spasovski, Harald Mischak, Joost P Schanstra
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a prevalent cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. A hallmark of CKD progression is renal fibrosis characterized by excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. In this study, we aimed to investigate the correlation of the urinary proteome classifier CKD273 and individual urinary peptides with the degree of fibrosis. In total, 42 kidney biopsies and urine samples were examined. The percentage of fibrosis per total tissue area was assessed in Masson trichrome stained kidney tissues...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193311/proteomics-analysis-of-human-breast-milk-to-assess-breast-cancer-risk
#18
Roshanak Aslebagh, Devika Channaveerappa, Kathleen F Arcaro, Costel C Darie
Detection of breast cancer (BC) in young women is challenging because mammography, the most common tool for detecting BC, is not effective on the dense breast tissue characteristic of young women. In addition to the limited means for detecting their BC, young women face a transient increased risk of pregnancy-associated BC. As a consequence, reproductively active women could benefit significantly from a tool that provides them with accurate risk assessment and early detection of BC. One potential method for detection of BC is biochemical monitoring of proteins and other molecules in bodily fluids such as serum, nipple aspirate, ductal lavage, tear, urine, saliva and breast milk...
November 29, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164064/quantitative-mass-spectrometry-based-proteomic-profiling-for-precision-medicine-in-prostate-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Amilcar Flores-Morales, Diego Iglesias-Gato
Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancer among men in the western societies. Many PCa patients bear tumors that will not threat their lives if left untreated or if treatment is delayed. Our inability for early identification of these patients has resulted in massive overtreatment. Therefore, there is a great need of finding biomarkers for patient stratification according to prognostic risk; as well as there is a need for novel targets that can allow the development of effective treatments for patients that progress to castration-resistant PCa...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147916/integrative-analysis-of-proteomics-data-to-obtain-clinically-relevant-markers
#20
Nathan Salomonis
The analysis of proteomics data can be significantly challenging. Beyond the technical challenges of accurately identifying and quantifying peptides, identifying the most biologically coherent set of biomarkers can be a particularly daunting step. In this chapter, we will review a series of methods implemented in the software AltAnalyze that can be used to normalize proteomics peptide counts, identify a minimal set of the most distinguishing morbidity-associated biomarkers, and connect up these results to known pathways and interacting protein and regulatory networks...
November 18, 2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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