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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637299/serological-investigation-of-mycoplasma-synoviae-infection-in-china-from-2010-to-2015
#1
J Xue, M Y Xu, Z J Ma, J Zhao, N Jin, G Z Zhang
Mycoplasma synoviae can cause worldwide respiratory diseases, synovitis, or subclinical symptoms in poultry. M. synoviae infection occurs throughout the yr and causes significant economic losses, including increased mortality, condemnations, medication, and live production cost. In the present study, the seroprevalence of M. synoviae among 44,395 non-vaccinated chickens from 21 provinces in China from 2010 to 2015 was estimated using ELISA. The overall seroprevalence was 41.19%. Seropositive rates in different yr ranged between 24...
June 15, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637226/epidemiologic-risk-factors-for-in-situ-and-invasive-breast-cancer-among-postmenopausal-women-in-the-nih-aarp-diet-and-health-study
#2
Maeve Mullooly, Zeina G Khodr, Cher M Dallal, Sarah J Nyante, Mark E Sherman, Roni Falk, Linda M Liao, Jeffrey Love, Louise A Brinton, Gretchen L Gierach
Comparing risk factor associations between invasive breast cancers and possible precursors may further understanding of factors related to initiation versus progression. Accordingly, among 190,325 postmenopausal participants in the National Institutes of Health-AARP Diet and Health Study (1995-2011), we compared risk factor associations between incident ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS: n = 1,453) and invasive ductal carcinomas (n = 7,525) and lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS: n = 186) and invasive lobular carcinomas (n = 1,191)...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637220/temporal-changes-in-health-within-5-years-before-and-after-disability-pension-the-hunt-study
#3
Gunnhild Åberge Vie, Kristine Pape, Steinar Krokstad, Roar Johnsen, Johan Håkon Bjørngaard
Background: Health status has been reported to change before, during and after disability pension receipt. These associations might be subject to temporal changes according to changes in policy, incidence of disability pensions and other contextual factors. We compared the perceived health around time of disability retirement among persons receiving disability pension in the 1990 s and 2000 s in Norway. Methods: We linked data from two consecutive cross-sectional population based Norwegian health surveys, HUNT2 (1995-97) and HUNT3 (2006-08), to national registries, identifying those who received disability pension within 5 years before or after participation in the survey (HUNT2: n = 5362, HUNT3: n = 4649)...
June 20, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637167/effects-of-dissolved-oxygen-concentration-on-photosynthetic-bacteria-wastewater-treatment-pollutants-removal-cell-growth-and-pigments-production
#4
Fan Meng, Anqi Yang, Guangming Zhang, Hangyao Wang
Dissolved oxygen (DO) is an important parameter in photosynthetic bacteria (PSB) wastewater treatment. This study set different DO levels and detected the pollutants removal, PSB growth and pigments production. Results showed that DO significantly influenced the performances of PSB wastewater treatment process. The highest COD (93%) and NH3-N removal (83%) was achieved under DO of 4-8mg/L, but DO of 2-4mg/L was recommended considering the aeration cost. PSB biomass reached 1645mg/L under DO of 4-8mg/L with satisfying co-enzyme Q10 content...
June 1, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637157/maximal-and-submaximal-aerobic-tests-for-wheelchair-dependent-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review-to-summarize-and-identify-useful-applications-for-clinical-rehabilitation
#5
Sophia Eerden, Rienk Dekker, Florentina J Hettinga
PURPOSE: To summarize the available maximal and submaximal aerobic exercise tests for wheelchair-dependent persons with a spinal cord injury (SCI) and to identify useful applications for clinical rehabilitation. METHOD: The databases of PubMed, CINAHL(®), EMBASE, and PsycINFO(®) were searched for English-language studies published prior to March 2015. Two independent raters identified and examined studies that reported on laboratory-based aerobic exercise tests in persons with an SCI, according to the PRISMA statement...
March 3, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637151/work-related-experiences-of-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors-an-exploratory-and-descriptive-qualitative-study
#6
Carolyn S Dewa, Lucy Trojanowski, Sietske J Tamminga, Jolie Ringash, Maurene McQuestion, Jeffrey S Hoch
PURPOSE: This exploratory and descriptive study contributes to the growing knowledge about the return-to-work (RTW) experience of head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors. Viewing RTW as a process, participants were asked to consider the work-related experience with HNC at different phases: (1) at diagnosis/pre-treatment, (2) working during treatment (if the respondent did not take a work disability leave), and (3) post-treatment/RTW (if the respondent took a work disability leave). METHODS: Data were gathered in nine individual semi-structured in-depth interviews with patients receiving treatment at a quaternary cancer center's HNC clinic in Ontario, Canada...
February 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637124/recovery-and-creative-practices-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-evaluating-well-being-and-social-inclusion
#7
Javier Saavedra, Elvira Pérez, Paul Crawford, Samuel Arias
PURPOSE: This mixed (quantitative-qualitative) study evaluates the impact of an artistic workshop on a group of people with severe mental illness (SMI). This study focuses on the impact of creative practices on well-being and social inclusion outcomes. METHOD: After participating in a creative workshop, 31 people diagnosed with a SMI completed pre/post-intervention measures, namely, the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale and the Social Inclusion questionnaire...
February 6, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637033/quantitative-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography-of-early-enamel-erosion-in-vivo
#8
Rupert S Austin, Maisalamah Haji Taha, Frederic Festy, Richard Cook, Manoharan Andiappan, Juliana Gomez, Iain A Pretty, Rebecca Moazzez
Swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) shows potential for the in vivo quantitative evaluation of micro-structural enamel surface phenomena occurring during early erosive demineralization. This randomized controlled single-blind cross-over clinical study aimed to evaluate the use of SS-OCT for detecting optical changes in the enamel of 30 healthy volunteers subjected to orange juice rinsing (erosive challenge) in comparison to mineral water rinsing (control), according to wiped and non-wiped enamel surface states...
June 22, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637013/akt-can-modulate-the-in-vitro-response-of-hnscc-cells-to-irreversible-egfr-inhibitors
#9
Renato José Silva-Oliveira, Matias Melendez, Olga Martinho, Maicon F Zanon, Luciano de Souza Viana, André Lopes Carvalho, Rui Manuel Reis
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed in up to 90% of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) tumors. Cetuximab is the first targeted (anti-EGFR) therapy approved for the treatment of HNSCC patients. However, its efficacy is limited due to primary and secondary resistance, and there is no predict biomarkers of response. New generation of EGFR inhibitors with pan HER targeting and irreversible action, such as afatinib and allitinib, represents a significant therapeutic promise. In this study, we intend to compare the potential cytotoxicity of two anti-EGFR inhibitors (afatinib and allitinib) with cetuximab and to identify potential predictive biomarkers of response in a panel of HNSCC cell lines...
June 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636991/non-invasive-detection-of-somatic-mutations-using-next-generation-sequencing-in-primary-central-nervous-system-lymphoma
#10
Maxime Fontanilles, Florent Marguet, Élodie Bohers, Pierre-Julien Viailly, Sydney Dubois, Philippe Bertrand, Vincent Camus, Sylvain Mareschal, Philippe Ruminy, Catherine Maingonnat, Stéphane Lepretre, Elena-Liana Veresezan, Stéphane Derrey, Hervé Tilly, Jean-Michel Picquenot, Annie Laquerrière, Fabrice Jardin
PURPOSE: Primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSL) have recurrent genomic alterations. The main objective of our study was to demonstrate that targeted sequencing of circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) released by PCNSL at the time of diagnosis could identify somatic mutations by next-generation sequencing (NGS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: PlasmacfDNA and matched tumor DNA (tDNA) from 25 PCNSL patients were sequenced using an Ion Torrent Personal Genome Machine (Life Technologies®)...
June 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636888/responsiveness-of-pituitary-to-galanin-throughout-the-reproductive-cycle-of-male-european-sea-bass-dicentrarchus-labrax
#11
P Pinto, Z Velez, C Sousa, S Santos, A Andrade, M V Alvarado, A Felip, S Zanuy, A V M Canário
The neuropeptide galanin (Gal) is a putative factor regulating puberty onset and reproduction through its actions on the pituitary. The present study investigated the pituitary responsiveness to galanin and the patterns of galanin receptors (Galrs) expression throughout the reproductive cycle of two years old male European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax), an important aquaculture species. Quantitative analysis of pituitary and hypothalamus transcript expression of four galr subtypes revealed differential regulation according to the testicular developmental stage, with an overall decrease in expression from the immature stage to the mid-recrudescence stage...
June 18, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636874/next-generation-matrix-metalloproteinase-inhibitors-novel-strategies-bring-new-prospects
#12
REVIEW
Maxim Levin, Yael Udi, Inna Solomonov, Irit Sagi
Enzymatic proteolysis of cell surface proteins and extracellular matrix (ECM) is critical for tissue homeostasis and cell signaling. These proteolytic activities are mediated predominantly by a family of proteases termed matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). The growing evidence in recent years that ECM and non-ECM bioactive molecules (e.g., growth factors, cytokines, chemokines, on top of matrikines and matricryptins) have versatile functions redefines our view on the roles matrix remodeling enzymes play in many physiological and pathological processes, and underscores the notion that ECM proteolytic reaction mechanisms represent master switches in the regulation of critical biological processes and govern cell behavior...
June 18, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636738/impact-of-a-pediatric-anesthesiologist-on-operating-room-efficiency-during-pediatric-tonsillectomies-and-adenotonsillectomies
#13
Nicholas A Dewyer, Yoseph A Kram, Stephen Long, Marika D Russell
We conducted a retrospective case review to determine if the presence of an Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) fellowship-trained pediatric anesthesiologist improves efficiency during pediatric tonsillectomies and adenotonsillectomies in hospitals that do not have dedicated pediatric operating rooms and, if so, to determine which specific anesthesia practices might account for such a difference. We reviewed the charts of all patients aged 12 years and younger who had undergone a tonsillectomy or adenotonsillectomy from Jan...
June 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636737/is-there-an-association-between-migraine-and-allergic-rhinitis
#14
Işıl Adadan Güvenç, Mustafa Acar, Nuray Bayar Muluk, Nagehan Erdogmus Kucukcan, Cemal Cingi
We conducted a prospective study to evaluate nasal signs and symptoms and to perform allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) testing to investigate the relationship between migraine and allergic rhinitis. Our study group consisted of 40 patients diagnosed with migraine-22 men and 18 women, aged 21 to 38 years (mean: 25.7). We compared their findings with a control group of 40 healthy adults-15 men and 25 women, aged 19 to 36 years (mean: 25.1). Allergen-specific IgE measurements were obtained with six groups of allergens: fungi, grass pollens, tree pollens, wild herbs, house dust mite 1, and house dust mite 2...
June 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636731/correlation-among-external-auditory-canal-anomaly-temporal-bone-malformation-and-hearing-levels-in-patients-with-microtia
#15
Kun Chen, Liu Liu, Runjie Shi, Peihua Wang, Dong Chen, Hua Xiao
We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the relationship between external auditory canal (EAC) anomaly, temporal bone abnormality, and hearing levels using objective scoring systems in Chinese patients with microtia. The study population consisted of 106 ears of 94 Chinese patients (67 male and 27 female) aged 5 to 45 years (mean: 12.6) with microtia. The EAC abnormalities were classified into 4 types according to Schuknecht's criteria: type A, type B, type C, and type D. Developmental anomalies of the temporal bone were evaluated by Jahrsdoerfer computed tomography (CT) scoring system using high-resolution CT scans of the temporal bone...
June 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636669/exploring-factors-associated-with-art-adherence-and-retention-in-care-under-option-b-strategy-in-malawi-a-qualitative-study
#16
Salem Gugsa, Katy Potter, Hannock Tweya, Sam Phiri, Odala Sande, Pascal Sikwese, Janet Chikonda, Gabrielle O'Malley
Although several studies have documented challenges related to inadequate adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and high loss to follow-up (LTFU) among Option B+ women, there is limited understanding of why these challenges occur and how to address them. This qualitative study examines women's experiences with ART adherence and retention in care. Between July and October 2015, in-depth interviews were conducted with 39 pregnant and lactating women who initiated ART at Bwaila Hospital in Lilongwe, Malawi...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636658/efficacy-and-safety-of-ultrasound-guided-implantation-of-fiducial-markers-in-the-liver-for-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy
#17
So Hyun Park, Hyung Jin Won, So Yeon Kim, Yong Moon Shin, Pyo Nyun Kim, Sang Min Yoon, Jin-Hong Park, Jong Hoon Kim
OBJECTIVE: Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for the treatment of a malignancy in the liver requires the perilesional implantation of fiducial markers for lesion detection. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ultrasound (US) -guided marker implantation for SBRT. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 299, US-guided, intrahepatic fiducial markers implanted in 101 patients between November 2013 and September 2014. SBRT-planning CT images were analyzed to determine the technical success of the implantation, the mean distance between the tumor margin and the marker, with the ideal location of fiducials defined as the distance between a marker and a tumor less than 3 cm and the distance between markers greater than 2 cm according to the tumor conspicuity seen on gray-scale US and the artifact obscuring tumor margins...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636637/plasma-kisspeptin-levels-are-associated-with-insulin-secretion-in-nondiabetic-individuals
#18
Francesco Andreozzi, Gaia Chiara Mannino, Elettra Mancuso, Rosangela Spiga, Francesco Perticone, Giorgio Sesti
To evaluate if plasma kisspeptin concentrations are associated with insulin secretion, as suggested by recent in vitro studies, independently of confounders. 261 nondiabetic subjects were stratified into tertiles according to kisspeptin values. Insulin secretion was assessed using indexes derived from oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). After adjusting for age, gender, and BMI, subjects in the highest (tertile 3) kisspeptin group exhibited significantly lower values of insulinogenic index, corrected insulin response (CIR30), and Stumvoll indexes for first-phase and second-phase insulin release as compared with low (tertile 1) or intermediate (tertile 2) kisspeptin groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636628/effects-of-spirulina-on-the-functions-and-redox-status-of-auditory-system-in-senescence-accelerated-prone-8-mice
#19
Yin-Ching Chan, Juen-Haur Hwang
To our knowledge, the effects of Spirulina platensis water extract (SP) on hearing function have not yet been reported. This study investigated the effects of SP on the function and redox status of the auditory system. Auditory brainstem responses and redox status were compared between two groups of 3-month-old senescence-accelerated prone-8 (SAMP8) mice: the control group was fed a normal diet, and the experimental group was fed a normal diet with oral supplementation of SP for 6 weeks. Compared with the control group, the experimental group had significantly lower hearing thresholds according to auditory brainstem responses measured using click sounds and 8-kHz tone burst sound stimulation at the end of this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636618/de-novo-transcriptome-of-the-mayfly-cloeon-viridulum-and-transcriptional-signatures-of-prometabola
#20
Qin Si, Juan-Yan Luo, Ze Hu, Wei Zhang, Chang-Fa Zhou
Mayflies (Ephemeroptera) display many primitive characters and a unique type of metamorphosis (Prometabola). However, information on the genomes and transcriptomes of this insect group is limited. The RNA sequencing study presented here generated the first de novo transcriptome assembly of Cloeon viridulum (Ephemeroptera: Baetidae), and compared gene expression signatures among the young larva (YL), mature larva (ML), subimago (SI), and imago (IM) stages of this mayfly. The transcriptome, based on 88 Gb of sequence data, comprised a set of 81,185 high quality transcripts...
2017: PloS One
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