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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533037/epidemiology-of-live-born-infants-with-nonimmune-hydrops-fetalis-insights-from-a-population-based-dataset
#1
Martina A Steurer, Shabnam Peyvandi, Rebecca J Baer, Tippi MacKenzie, Ben C Li, Mary E Norton, Laura L Jelliffe-Pawlowski, Anita J Moon-Grady
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence, etiology, and 1-year mortality of nonimmune hydrops fetalis (NIHF) and to identify risk factors for mortality in a contemporary population-based dataset. STUDY DESIGN: The California Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development maintains a database linking maternal and infant hospital discharge, readmissions, and birth and death certificate date from 1 year before to 1 year after birth. We searched the database (2005-2012) for infants with NIHF (identified by the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification code)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532462/is-quality-of-care-a-key-predictor-of-perinatal-health-care-utilization-and-patient-satisfaction-in-malawi
#2
Andreea A Creanga, Sara Gullo, Anne K Sebert Kuhlmann, Thumbiko W Msiska, Christine Galavotti
BACKGROUND: The Malawi government encourages early antenatal care, delivery in health facilities, and timely postnatal care. Efforts to sustain or increase current levels of perinatal service utilization may not achieve desired gains if the quality of care provided is neglected. This study examined predictors of perinatal service utilization and patients' satisfaction with these services with a focus on quality of care. METHODS: We used baseline, two-stage cluster sampling household survey data collected between November and December, 2012 before implementation of CARE's Community Score Card© intervention in Ntcheu district, Malawi...
May 22, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530042/growing-up-with-perinatal-hiv-changes-in-clinical-outcomes-before-and-after-transfer-to-adult-care-in-the-uk
#3
Ali Judd, Intira Jeannie Collins, Francesca Parrott, Teresa Hill, Sophie Jose, Deborah Ford, Hibo Asad, Diana M Gibb, Caroline Sabin
INTRODUCTION: With improved survival, adolescents with perinatal HIV (PHIV) are transitioning from paediatric to adult care, but there are few published data on clinical outcomes post-transfer. Using linked data from patients in the national UK/Ireland paediatric cohort (CHIPS) and an adult UK cohort of outpatient clinics (UK CHIC), we describe mortality and changes in immunological status post-transfer. METHODS: Participants in CHIPS aged ≥13 years by the end of 2013 were linked to the UK CHIC database...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521740/going-to-scale-design-and-implementation-challenges-of-a-program-to-increase-access-to-skilled-birth-attendants-in-nigeria
#4
Edward N Okeke, Emma Pitchforth, Josephine Exley, Peter Glick, Isa Sadeeq Abubakar, Amalavoyal V Chari, Usman Bashir, Kun Gu, Obinna Onwujekwe
BACKGROUND: The lack of availability of skilled providers in low- and middle- income countries is considered to be an important barrier to achieving reductions in maternal and child mortality. However, there is limited research on programs increasing the availability of skilled birth attendants in developing countries. We study the implementation of the Nigeria Midwives Service Scheme, a government program that recruited and deployed nearly 2,500 midwives to rural primary health care facilities across Nigeria in 2010...
May 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521194/preconception-care-for-women-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-mixed-methods-study-of-provider-knowledge-and-practice
#5
J Klein, J A Boyle, R Kirkham, C Connors, C Whitbread, J Oats, F Barzi, D McIntyre, I Lee, M Luey, J Shaw, A D H Brown, L J Maple-Brown
AIMS: Preconception care may decrease adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with pre-existing diabetes mellitus. Aboriginal Australians are at high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), with earlier onset. We explored practitioner views on preconception care delivery for women with T2DM in the Northern Territory, where 31% of births are to Aboriginal women. METHODS: Mixed-methods study including cross-sectional survey of 156 health practitioners and 11 semi-structured interviews...
May 5, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520325/-newborn-infants-first-outpatient-visit
#6
V Rigo, C Pieltain, C Schoffeniels, M Kalenga, J L Belche
The focus on outpatient follow-up of newborn infants increases as the duration of hospital stay after birth decreases. The first outpatient visit addresses the adequacy of the home transition. Appropriate feedings are checked. Sudden infant death syndrome prevention and security advices are reminded. Realisation of both neonatal dried blood screen and hearing test is confirmed, as well as planning of specific follow-up appointments. The physical exam will focus on red flags for diseases or malformations with a delayed presentation...
May 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505479/women-s-self-reported-experience-of-unplanned-caesarean-section-results-of-a-swedish-study
#7
Annika Karlström
BACKGROUND: women´s experience of emergency caesarean section is often described as less positive compared to a vaginal birth or a planned caesarean section. Midwifery care for women where deviations from a normal birth process are present is a challenge. The aim of study was to compare self-reported birth outcomes for women undergoing birth through spontaneous onset of labour between those who actually had a vaginal birth and those who eventually had an emergency caesarean section. DESIGN AND SETTING: the study was part of a prospective longitudinal cohort study of parents' experiences, attitudes, and beliefs related to childbirth...
April 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500781/pregnancy-outcomes-in-simultaneous-pancreas-and-kidney-transplant-recipients-a-national-french-survey-study
#8
G Normand, F Brunner, L Badet, F Buron, M Catton, J Massardier, L Esposito, P Grimbert, G Mourad, J E Serre, S Caillard, G Karam, D Cantarovich, E Morelon, O Thaunat
Simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation (SPK) is currently the best therapeutic option for patients with type-1 diabetes and terminal renal failure. Renal transplantation restores fertility enabling women to pursue pregnancies. However, scarcity of available data on pregnancy outcomes in SPK impedes fair medical counseling. Medical files of all pregnancies that lasted ≥3 months among recipients of functional SPK performed between 1990 and 2015 in France were retrospectively analyzed. Twenty-six pregnancies in 22 SPK recipients were identified...
May 13, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495114/coming-of-age-health-care-challenges-of-an-ageing-population-in-israel
#9
REVIEW
Tzvi Dwolatzky, Jenny Brodsky, Faisal Azaiza, A Mark Clarfield, Jeremy M Jacobs, Howard Litwin
Although Israel is still young in years, with relatively high birth rates and older people (individuals aged 65 years or older) constituting only about 11% of its population, the absolute number of older people is growing rapidly. Life expectancy is high, and increasing numbers of people are living to advanced old age (older than 85 years). A wide spectrum of geriatric care is provided within a universal system providing health services to all citizens. Community and institutional care is available, and many innovative programmes are being developed...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494319/no-baby-booms-or-birth-sex-ratio-changes-following-fifty-shades-of-grey-in-the-united-states
#10
Victor Grech
INTRODUCTION: The Fifty Shades of Grey (FSOG) trilogy were publicised by the media as inflaming increased coital activity, and that this would result a baby boom. Furthermore, increased coital activity skews the sex ratio at birth (M/T) toward male births. This study was carried out in order to ascertain whether there were any spikes in total births or in M/T in the United States (US) circa nine months following the FSOG books. METHODS: Monthly male and female births for the US were obtained directly from the website of the Centre for Disease Control (01/2007-12/2015)...
May 8, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493272/khat-use-and-related-addiction-mental-health-and-physical-disorders-the-need-to-address-a-growing-risk
#11
REVIEW
Michael Odenwald, Mustafa al'Absi
Khat use is a drug problem characteristic of the Eastern Mediterranean Region, which is a widespread culturally accepted practice in some countries and is becoming more prevalent in others. Although limited use may not be accompanied by serious consequences, prolonged exposure could lead to dependence, psychosis and other psychiatric disorders and physical conditions such as hypertension, cardiovascular complications, sexual dysfunction, hepatoxicity and reduced birth weight of infants born to khat-chewing mothers...
May 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485260/regular-monitoring-of-breast-feeding-rates-feasible-and-sustainable-the-emilia-romagna-experience
#12
Simona Di Mario, Silvana Borsari, Eleonora Verdini, Sergio Battaglia, Luca Cisbani, Stefano Sforza, Chiara Cuoghi, Vittorio Basevi
OBJECTIVE: An efficient breast-feeding monitoring system should be in place in every country to assist policy makers and health professionals plan activities to reach optimal breast-feeding rates. Design/Setting/Subjects From March to June 2015, breast-feeding rates at 3 and 5 months of age were monitored in Emilia-Romagna, an Italian region, using four questions added to a newly developed paediatric immunization database with single records for each individual. Data were collected at primary-care centres...
May 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483746/a-web-based-graphical-food-frequency-assessment-system-design-development-and-usability-metrics
#13
Rodrigo Zenun Franco, Balqees Alawadhi, Rosalind Fallaize, Julie A Lovegrove, Faustina Hwang
BACKGROUND: Food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) are well established in the nutrition field, but there remain important questions around how to develop online tools in a way that can facilitate wider uptake. Also, FFQ user acceptance and evaluation have not been investigated extensively. OBJECTIVE: This paper presents a Web-based graphical food frequency assessment system that addresses challenges of reproducibility, scalability, mobile friendliness, security, and usability and also presents the utilization metrics and user feedback from a deployment study...
May 8, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483254/teratoma-of-the-neonatal-head-and-neck-a-41-year-experience
#14
Jacob R Brodsky, Alexandria L Irace, Amanda Didas, Karen Watters, Judy A Estroff, Carol E Barnewolt, Antonio Perez-Atayde, Reza Rahbar
OBJECTIVE: To review our institution's experience with the presentation, evaluation, and management of teratoma of the head and neck in the neonatal population. DESIGN: Retrospective case series (November 1970 through September 2011). SETTING: Tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENTS: 14 patients (12 boys and 2 girls). INTERVENTION: Detailed review of presentation, diagnostic approaches, surgical management, and outcomes...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482916/estimation-of-single-year-of-age-counts-of-live-births-fetal-losses-abortions-and-pregnant-women-for-counties-of-texas
#15
Bismark Singh, Lauren Ancel Meyers
OBJECTIVES: We provide a methodology for estimating counts of single-year-of-age live-births, fetal-losses, abortions, and pregnant women from aggregated age-group counts. As a case study, we estimate counts for the 254 counties of Texas for the year 2010. RESULTS: We use interpolation to estimate counts of live-births, fetal-losses, and abortions by women of each single-year-of-age for all Texas counties. We then use these counts to estimate the numbers of pregnant women for each single-year-of-age, which were previously available only in aggregate...
May 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481820/a-prenatal-coparenting-intervention-with-unmarried-father-mother-dyads-fidelity-of-intervention-delivery-by-male-female-community-mentor-teams
#16
Selin Salman-Engin, Tara Little, Vikki Gaskin-Butler, James P McHale
BACKGROUND: Most prenatal preventive interventions for unmarried mothers do not integrate fathers or help the parents plan for the development of a functional coparenting alliance after the baby's arrival. Furthermore, properly trained professionals have only rarely examined the fidelity of these interventions. PURPOSE: This report examines whether experienced community interventionists (home visitors, health educators, fatherhood service personnel) with no formal couples' therapy training are capable of pairing together to deliver with adequate fidelity a manualized dyadic intervention designed for expectant unmarried mothers and fathers...
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476136/effect-of-supervised-exercise-in-groups-on-psychological-well-being-among-pregnant-women-at-risk-of-depression-the-ewe-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Lotte Broberg, Mette Backhausen, Peter Damm, Per Bech, Ann Tabor, Hanne Kristine Hegaard
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with depression and/or anxiety prior to pregnancy are at higher risk of preterm birth, breastfeeding problems, postpartum depression, and disruption of the mother-infant attachment. It is well documented that exercise improves psychological well-being in nonpregnant subjects with symptoms of depression. However, in only a few small studies have researchers examined the effect of exercise on symptoms of depression among pregnant women. We hypothesize that physiotherapist-supervised group exercise for pregnant women at risk of antenatal depression increases their psychological well-being...
May 5, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473516/is-vaginal-breech-delivery-associated-with-higher-risk-for-perinatal-death-and-cerebral-palsy-compared-with-vaginal-cephalic-birth-registry-based-cohort-study-in-norway
#18
Solveig Bjellmo, Guro L Andersen, Marit Petra Martinussen, Pål Richard Romundstad, Sissel Hjelle, Dag Moster, Torstein Vik
OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to study if vaginal breech delivery is associated with increased risk for neonatal mortality (NNM) or cerebral palsy (CP) in Norway where vaginal delivery accounts for 1/3 of all breech deliveries. DESIGN: Cohort study using information from the national Medical BirthRegister and Cerebral Palsy Register. SETTING: Births in Norway 1999-2009. PARTICIPANTS: 520 047 term-born singletons without congenital malformations...
May 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472859/lifestyle-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#19
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Nisreen A Alwan, Jane West, Stephen Brown, Christopher Jd McKinlay, Diane Farrar, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes (GDM) is glucose intolerance, first recognised in pregnancy and usually resolving after birth. GDM is associated with both short- and long-term adverse effects for the mother and her infant. Lifestyle interventions are the primary therapeutic strategy for many women with GDM. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of combined lifestyle interventions with or without pharmacotherapy in treating women with gestational diabetes. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (14 May 2016), ClinicalTrials...
May 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472739/inter-joint-coordination-analysis-of-reach-to-grasp-kinematics-in-children-and-adolescents-with-obstetrical-brachial-plexus-palsy
#20
Christian H Mayfield, Sahana N Kukke, Sylvain Brochard, Christopher J Stanley, Katharine E Alter, Diane L Damiano
BACKGROUND: Obstetrical brachial plexus palsy is a common birth injury to nerves passing through the brachial plexus that may result in structural and functional abnormalities. Individual joint trajectories from kinematic analyses have been used to evaluate the source and extent of abnormalities. Here, two summary measures of limb kinematics were utilized: 1) the Arm Profile Score summarizing upper limb joint kinematic abnormalities from a typical pattern across a task, and 2) the recently developed Multi-joint Coordination Measure using principal component analysis to characterize typical coordination of multiple joints throughout a task and compute deviations in time and space...
April 25, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
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