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American Academy pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097834/high-blood-pressure-in-school-children-and-adolescents-in-argentina-over-the-past-25-years-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#1
Alejandro Díaz, Luciana Calandra
INTRODUCTION: Over the past years, hypertension has been recognized as an important health problem in the pediatric population. A systematic review of observational studies published between 1988 and 2014 was conducted to estimate the prevalence of high blood pressure and cardiovascular risk factors among children and adolescents in Argentina. POPULATION AND METHODS: A bibliographic search was done in MEDLINE, SciELO, and LILACS to look for studies on high blood pressure prevalence in school children and adolescents in Argentina...
February 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094567/a-vulnerable-age-for-the-introduction-of-solid-foods-in-pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#2
Jeremy M Schraw, Michael E Scheurer, Michele R Forman
BACKGROUND: There is little research concerning infant formula or the age at introduction to solid foods and pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The purpose of this case-control study was to estimate the association of age at introduction of solids and pediatric ALL. METHODS: 171 ALL cases aged 0-14 years were recruited at Texas Children's Cancer Center and matched on sex, age, and ethnicity to 342 population-based controls. Data were collected on infant feeding and known risk factors for ALL...
January 17, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089294/the-american-academy-of-pediatrics-workforce-survey-for-the-section-on-urology-2015
#3
E Shapiro, Christopher S Cooper, S Greenfield
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Division of Workforce and Medical Education Policy assumed the task of organizing the updated AAP Workforce Survey, which was modeled after the Future of Pediatric Education II study. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to evaluate changes in practice patterns of all pediatric medical and surgical specialists over time, to facilitate advocacy work by the Academy at federal and state levels...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073104/use-of-transcutaneous-bilirubin-to-determine-the-need-for-phototherapy-in-resource-limited-settings
#4
Bolajoko O Olusanya, Abieyuwa A Emokpae
BACKGROUND: Routine and timely determination of total serum bilirubin (TSB) remains a challenge in many resource-limited countries with substantial burden of severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. Limited evidence exists on the potential usefulness of transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) to identify infants who may require phototherapy based on possible treatment criteria in such settings. OBJECTIVE: To compare the number of infants requiring phototherapy across different TSB criteria and determine the predictive performance of TcB under each criterion...
January 11, 2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064391/survey-of-family-history-taking-and-genetic-testing-in-pediatric-practice
#5
Robert A Saul, Tracy Trotter, Kerry Sease, Beth Tarini
Family health history collection and genetic testing are core elements for the successful translation of genomics into primary care practice. Yet, little is known about how pediatric providers implement these elements in practice. We surveyed the membership of the American Academy of Pediatrics regarding family health history (FHH) collection and genetic testing in the primary care setting. Three hundred forty-nine (349) responses were analyzed with the initial response rate of 43.3%. Four principal findings were noted-(1) family health history is still recognized as a critical part of the medical evaluation; (2) perceived obstacles for FHH are time in obtaining the FHH and concerns about the family's knowledge of their FHH; (3) a 3-generation family history is out of the scope of routine care and alternate methods should be considered; (4) most primary care providers (PCPs) do not feel comfortable ordering, interpreting, and counseling regarding current genetic testing...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056254/-interpretation-of-american-academy-of-orthopaedic-surgeons-clinical-practice-guideline-on-the-treatment-of-pediatric-diaphyseal-femur-fractures
#6
W Chen, J Li, Y Z Zhang
The original guideline on the Treatment of Pediatric Diaphyseal Femur Fractures (PDFF) was developed by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) in 2009, and the guideline was updated by AAOS in 2015. In this reissue, all recommendations in the original guideline identified as"inconclusive" were removed with seven recommendations reserved and without new recommendations added. The recommendations in the current guideline were listed as follows: (1) Children younger than 36 months with PDFF should be evaluated for child abuse...
January 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045551/use-of-a-low-literacy-written-action-plan-to-improve-parent-understanding-of-pediatric-asthma-management-a-randomized-controlled-study
#7
Hsiang Shonna Yin, Ruchi Gupta, Alan L Mendelsohn, Benard P Dreyer, Linda van Schaick, Christina R Brown, Karen Encalada, Dayana Sanchez, Christopher Warren, Suzy Tomopoulos
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether parents who use a low literacy, pictogram- and photograph-based written asthma action plan have a better understanding of child asthma management compared to parents using a standard plan. METHODS: Randomized controlled study in 2 urban pediatric outpatient clinics. INCLUSION CRITERIA: English/Spanish-speaking parents of 2-12 year old asthmatic children. Parents were randomized to receive a low literacy or standard asthma action plan (American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology) for a hypothetical patient on controller and rescue medications...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044048/dietary-supplements-and-young-teens-misinformation-and-access-provided-by-retailers
#8
Maguire Herriman, Laura Fletcher, Alexis Tchaconas, Andrew Adesman, Ruth Milanaik
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Despite the American Academy of Pediatrics' recommendations against pediatric use of creatine and testosterone boosters, research suggests that many young teenagers take these dietary supplements. Our objective was to determine to what extent health food stores would recommend and/or sell creatine and testosterone boosters to a 15-year-old boy customer. METHODS: Research personnel posing as 15-year-old high school athletes seeking to increase muscle strength contacted 244 health food stores in the United States via telephone...
January 2, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031551/a-two-phase-case-control-study-of-autism-risk-among-children-born-from-the-late-1990s-through-the-early-2000s-in-the-united-states
#9
David A Geier, Janet K Kern, Mark R Geier
BACKGROUND This study evaluated the hypothesis that the 1999 recommendation by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and US Public Health Service (PHS) to reduce exposure to mercury (Hg) from Thimerosal in US vaccines would be associated with a reduction in the long-term risk of being diagnosed with autism. MATERIAL AND METHODS A two-phase assessment utilizing a case (n=73) -control (n=11,783) study in the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) database (for hypothesis generating) and a more rigorous, independent matched case (n=40) -control (n=40) study (hypothesis testing) was undertaken...
December 29, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027019/screening-and-brief-intervention-in-high-schools-school-nurse-practices-and-attitudes-in-massachusetts
#10
Julie Lunstead, Elissa R Weitzman, Dylan Kaye, Sharon Levy
BACKGROUND: Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) is recommended as a strategy to prevent or reduce adolescent substance use. Offering SBIRT in schools may provide an opportunity to reach adolescents not accessing primary care. Our objective is to assess school nurses' attitudes and practices regarding adolescent SBIRT. METHODS: We administered electronically and in person a questionnaire including 29 items on SBIRT attitudes and practices to school nurses registered for the Northeastern University's School Health Institute Summer Program in Massachusetts (N = 168)...
December 27, 2016: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012531/improvement-of-psychiatric-symptoms-in-youth-following-resolution-of-sinusitis
#11
Talia Mahony, Douglas Sidell, Hayley Gans, Kayla Brown, Bahare Farhadian, Melissa Gustafson, Janell Sherr, Margo Thienemann, Jennifer Frankovich
INTRODUCTION: Accumulating evidence supports a role for inflammation in psychiatric illness, and the onset or exacerbation of psychiatric symptoms may follow non-CNS infections. Here, we provide the first detailed description of obsessive-compulsive and related psychiatric symptoms arising concurrently with sinusitis. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of 150 consecutive patients evaluated in our Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndromes clinic for documented sinusitis as defined by the American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011943/pediatric-residency-education-and-the-behavioral-and-mental-health-crisis-a-call-to-action
#12
Julia A McMillan, Marshall Land, Laurel K Leslie
For at least 4 decades, the need for improved pediatric residency training in behavioral and mental health has been recognized. The prevalence of behavioral and mental health conditions in children, adolescents, and young adults has increased during that period. However, as recently as 2013, 65% of pediatricians surveyed by the American Academy of Pediatrics indicated that they lacked training in recognizing and treating mental health problems. Current pediatric residency training requirements do not stipulate curricular elements or assessment requirements in behavioral and mental health, and fewer than half of pediatric residents surveyed felt that their competence in dealing with mental health problems was good to excellent...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008218/objective-assessment-of-a-preterm-infant-s-nutritive-sucking-from-initiation-of-feeding-through-hospitalization-and-discharge
#13
Gilson J Capilouto, Tommy J Cunningham
INTRODUCTION: In 2008, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended that an infant's ability to feed independently be considered a primary consideration for discharge home. To date, NICU healthcare teams have relied on clinical experience as well as descriptive scales to determine a high risk infant's ability to transition safely from tube feeding to oral feeding. The aim of the current case study was to illustrate the clinical utility of nfant(®) Feeding Solution as a noninvasive and objective instrument for determining a neonate's readiness to begin and advance oral feeding...
2016: Neonatal Intensive Care: the Journal of Perinatology-neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006979/dyslipidemia-screening-of-9-to-11-year-olds-at-well-child-visits-by-utah-pediatricians
#14
Carole Stipelman, Paul C Young, Joni Hemond, Laura L Brown, Nicole L Mihalopoulos
In 2011, an expert National Institutes of Health panel published the "Integrated Guidelines for CV Health and Risk Reduction in Children and Adolescents," which recommended screening all children aged 9 to 11 years for dyslipidemia. It is unknown if this guideline is being followed. We surveyed members of the Utah chapter of the American Academy of Pediatrics to determine whether they performed universal lipid screening at well-child visits (WCV) on their patients at 9,10, or 11 years and how comfortable they were with evaluating and/or managing children with dyslipidemia...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994112/safe-sleep-guideline-adherence-in-nationwide-marketing-of-infant-cribs-and-products
#15
Matthew Kreth, Tammy Shikany, Claire Lenker, R Bradley Troxler
BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome and sleep-related sudden unexpected infant death remain leading causes of infant mortality in the United States despite 4 safe sleep guideline restatements over the previous 24 years. Advertising and retail crib displays often promote infant sleep environments that are counter to the most recent American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guidelines. METHODS: Magazine advertisements featuring sleep in parenting magazines from 1992, 2010, and 2015 were reviewed for adherence...
January 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990376/management-of-glaucoma-in-pregnancy-risks-or-choices-a-dilemma
#16
REVIEW
Harinder Singh Sethi, Mayuresh Naik, Vishnu Swarup Gupta
The treatment of glaucoma in and around pregnancy offers the unique challenge of balancing the risk of vision loss to the mother as against the potential harm to the fetus or newborn. Most anti-glaucoma drugs (i.e. beta-blockers, prostaglandin analogues, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors topical and systemic, cholinergics, anticholinesterases, and apraclonidine) are considered category C agents and ophthalmologists are usually limited to treating patients with the category B drugs of brimonidine and dipivefrin...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988237/what-has-been-researched-in-childhood-obstructive-sleep-disordered-breathing-a-systematic-review
#17
Roderick P Venekamp, Deepak Chandrasekharan, Francois Abel, Helen Blackshaw, Irene A Kreis, Hannah Evans, Anne Gm Schilder
BACKGROUND: Despite recent clinical guideline development, the best pathway of care for children with symptoms of obstructive sleep-disordered breathing (oSDB) is still debated. This systematic review aims to map research in childhood oSDB conducted so far, to support further guideline development, identify evidence gaps and guide future research. METHODS: Systematic search of PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library from inception to 26 November 2015. All publications on childhood oSDB were included, irrespective of type and language...
December 14, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979582/differences-in-infant-care-practices-and-smoking-among-hispanic-mothers-living-in-the-united-states
#18
Lauren E Provini, Michael J Corwin, Nicole L Geller, Timothy C Heeren, Rachel Y Moon, Denis V Rybin, Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza, Eve R Colson
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between maternal birth country and adherence to the American Academy of Pediatrics safe sleep recommendations in a national sample of Hispanic mothers, given that data assessing the heterogeneity of infant care practices among Hispanics are lacking. STUDY DESIGN: We used a stratified, 2-stage, clustered design to obtain a nationally representative sample of mothers from 32 US intrapartum hospitals. A total of 907 completed follow-up surveys (administered 2-6 months postpartum) were received from mothers who self-identified as Hispanic/Latina, forming our sample, which we divided into 4 subpopulations by birth country (US, Mexico, Central/South America, and Caribbean)...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977530/a-survey-assessment-of-perceived-importance-and-methods-of-maintenance-of-critical-procedural-skills-in-pediatric-emergency-medicine
#19
Matthew R Mittiga, Michael R FitzGerald, Benjamin T Kerrey
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to delineate pediatric emergency medicine provider opinions regarding the importance of, and to ascertain existing processes by which practitioners maintain, the following critical procedural skills: oral endotracheal intubation, intraosseous line placement, pharmacologic and electrical cardioversion, tube thoracostomy, and defibrillation. METHODS: A customized survey was administered to all members of the Listserv for the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Emergency Medicine...
December 12, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974588/trends-in-the-screening-and-treatment-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#20
Rebecca J Vartanian, Cagri G Besirli, John D Barks, Chris A Andrews, David C Musch
OBJECTIVES: To determine the current practice patterns of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening and treatment and the attitudes toward new screening and treatment modalities in level III and level IV NICUs, as reported by medical directors. METHODS: Surveys were mailed to the medical directors of 847 level III NICUs identified in the 2011 American Academy of Pediatrics directory in April 2015. In September 2015, responses were compared with American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines and previous reports...
January 2017: Pediatrics
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