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Meagen M Rosenthal, Erin R Holmes
The integration of advanced pharmacy services into community pharmacy practice is not complete. According to implementation research understanding professional culture, as a part of context, may provide insights for accelerating this process. There are three objectives in this study. The first objective of this study was to validate an adapted version of an organizational culture measure in a sample of United States' (US) community pharmacists. The second objective was to examine potential relationships between the cultural factors identified using the validated instrument and a number of socialization and education variables...
March 21, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Patrick G Clay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Kenneth C Hohmeier, Christina Spivey, Cristyn Collier, Marie Chisholm-Burns
Objective. To explore third-year pharmacy (P3) student perceptions of medication therapy management (MTM) after an introduction to the various levels of MTM services within an MTM course. Methods. A qualitative survey was conducted of 158 P3 students. Open-ended questions were used to explore students' thoughts, feelings, and perceptions related to the pharmacist's approach in MTM following a lecture establishing differences in roles and responsibilities between the varying levels of MTM. Emphasis was placed on the pharmacist's role when providing comprehensive medication management (CMM)...
February 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Takahiro Muraoka
A multipass transmembrane (MTM) structure is prevalent in membrane proteins for a wide range of functions. Typically, the MTM structure is constructed of bundled multiple α-helices spanning the membrane which are connected by flexible domains. One characteristic feature of MTM proteins is dynamic functions such as stimuli responses and conformational changes. In this review, the development of synthetic molecules forming an MTM structure in membranes is highlighted. The MTM folded structure is developed using an amphiphilic molecular design with a multiblock strategy between rigid hydrophobic components and flexible hydrophilic units...
2018: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Hermine I Brunner, Nikolay Tzaribachev, Gabriel Vega-Cornejo, Ingrid Louw, Alberto Berman, Inmaculada Calvo Penadés, Jordi Antón, Francisco Ávila-Zapata, Rubén Cuttica, Gerd Horneff, Ivan Foeldvari, Vladimir Keltsev, Daniel J Kingsbury, Diego Oscar Viola, Rik Joos, Bernard Lauwerys, Maria Eliana Paz Gastañaga, Maria Elena Rama, Carine Wouters, John Bohnsack, Johannes Breedt, Michel Fischbach, Thomas Lutz, Kirsten Minden, Tatiana Miraval, Mahmood Mtm Ally, Nadina Rubio-Pérez, Elisabeth Solau Gervais, Riana van Zyl, Xiaohui Li, Marleen Nys, Robert Wong, Subhashis Banerjee, Daniel J Lovell, Alberto Martini, Nicolino Ruperto
OBJECTIVE: To investigate pharmacokinetics, effectiveness, and safety of subcutaneous (SC) abatacept over 24 months (M) in patients with polyarticular-course juvenile idiopathic arthritis (pJIA). METHODS: In this phase III, open-label, international, multicenter, single-arm study, patients with pJIA (cohort 1: 6-17 years; cohort 2: 2-5 years) who failed ≥1 disease-modifying antirheumatic drug received weight-tiered SC abatacept weekly: 10-<25 kg (50 mg); 25-<50 kg (87...
February 26, 2018: Arthritis & Rheumatology
Evan A DeZeeuw, Ashley M Coleman, Milap C Nahata
OBJECTIVES: The majority of studies on medication therapy management (MTM) have focused on the conduct of in-person comprehensive medication reviews (CMRs). Although face-to-face MTM services may be the most well-known mode of delivery, there are other ways CMRs can be implemented as part of an MTM service. Specifically, telephonic CMR is an alternative method of offering MTM services that many patients may welcome. The purpose of this commentary was to highlight current findings regarding the impact of telephonic CMRs as a component of MTM services on health outcomes...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
Holly Budlong, Amanda Brummel, Adam Rhodes, Hannah Nici
In 2012, the Fairview Health System implemented a formal care transitions process that included referrals to outpatient services provided by medication therapy management (MTM) pharmacists, among other clinical services. This analysis evaluates the impact of the MTM-provided comprehensive medication management (CMM) service on readmission rates. Retrospective electronic medical record (EMR) data were used to identify hospital admissions between December 1, 2012, and July 31, 2015. Thirty- and 60-day readmission rates were calculated in both a CMM and comparator cohort...
February 13, 2018: Population Health Management
X Yu, W Ma, B Liu, Z Li, X Zhao, S Tanumiharjo, X Chen, C Lyu, H Ao, S Li, Y Li, L Lu
PurposeTo study the characteristic morphology and quantitatively evaluate the eye shape in different types of myopic maculopathy.MethodsA total of 103 eyes from 65 patients with high myopic maculopathy were examined by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (3D MRI). The participants were classified into two groups, namely myopic traction maculopathy (MTM) eyes and non-MTM eyes, with SD-OCT imaging. Volume renderings and morphology analysis of the 3D MRI of the eyeball were obtained...
February 9, 2018: Eye
Matthew Lengel, Catherine H Kuhn, Marcia Worley, Allison M Wehr, James W McAuley
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of technician involvement on the completion of medication therapy management (MTM) services in a community pharmacy setting and to describe pharmacists' and technicians' perceptions of technician involvement in MTM-related tasks and their satisfaction with the technician's role in MTM. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: In the fall of 2015, pharmacists and selected technicians from 32 grocery store-based community pharmacies were trained to use technicians within MTM services...
January 30, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Christina A Spivey, Junling Wang, Yanru Qiao, Ya-Chen Tina Shih, Jim Y Wan, Julie Kuhle, Samuel Dagogo-Jack, William C Cushman, Marie Chisholm-Burns
BACKGROUND: Previous research found racial and ethnic disparities in meeting medication therapy management (MTM) eligibility criteria implemented by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) in accordance with the Medicare Modernization Act (MMA). OBJECTIVE: To examine whether alternative MTM eligibility criteria based on the CMS Part D star ratings quality evaluation system can reduce racial and ethnic disparities. METHODS: This study analyzed the Beneficiary Summary File and claims files for Medicare beneficiaries linked to the Area Health Resource File...
February 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Arinze Nkemdirim Okere, Kyrian Ezendu, Abdrahmane Berthe, Vakaramoko Diaby
BACKGROUND: Poor health outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in elderly patients is an area of concern among policymakers and administrators. In an effort to determine the best strategy to improve outcomes among elderly patients who underwent PCI, several studies have evaluated the cost-effectiveness of genotype-guided antiplatelet therapy compared with universal use of any one of the antiplatelet drugs indicated for patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who underwent PCI...
February 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Melissa Johnson, Rebecca Jastrzab, Jared Tate, Kate Johnson, Elizabeth Hall-Lipsy, Rose Martin, Ann M Taylor, Terri Warholak
BACKGROUND: Although the current methods of medication therapy management (MTM) delivery have demonstrably improved therapeutic, safety, economic, and humanistic health outcomes, patient- and prescriber-level barriers persist, limiting its reach and effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To assess telephonic- and community-based clinical pharmacy services in improving health indicators for rural, underserved patients. METHODS: In 2014, an established MTM provider created a novel, collaborative pilot program with independent retail and community health center pharmacies to provide comprehensive, telephonic MTM services to rural Arizonans...
February 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Meredith L Tate, Sydney Hopper, Sean Paul Bergeron
BACKGROUND: The primary goals of an accountable care organization (ACO) are to reduce health care spending and increase quality of care. Within an ACO, pharmacists have a unique opportunity to help carry out these goals within patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs). Pharmacy presence is increasing in these integrated care models, but the pharmacist's role and benefit is still being defined. OBJECTIVE: To exhibit the clinical and economic benefit of pharmacist involvement in ACOs and PCMHs as documented by clinical interventions (CIs) and drug cost reductions...
February 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Gaurang C Patel, Yang Liu, J Cameron Millar, Abbot F Clark
Prolonged glucocorticoid (GC) therapy can cause GC-induced ocular hypertension (OHT), which if left untreated progresses to iatrogenic glaucoma and permanent vision loss. The alternatively spliced isoform of glucocorticoid receptor GRβ acts as dominant negative regulator of GR activity, and it has been shown that overexpressing GRβ in trabecular meshwork (TM) cells inhibits GC-induced glaucomatous damage in TM cells. The purpose of this study was to use viral vectors to selectively overexpress the GRβ isoform in the TM of mouse eyes treated with GCs, to precisely dissect the role of GRβ in regulating steroid responsiveness...
January 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Rajul Patel, Leona Zhu, Dilraj Sohal, Elena Lenkova, Nichole Koshki, Joseph Woelfel, Carly Ranson, Cynthia S Valle-Oseguera, Edward L Rogan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) in community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries based on the updated 2015 American Geriatrics Society Beers criteria. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Thirteen mobile Medicare clinics were held throughout Northern and Central California during the fall of 2015. PATIENTS, PARTICIPANTS: Noninstitutionalized Medicare beneficiaries 65 years of age and older taking one or more medications...
January 1, 2018: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
Zhenxing Liu, Dave Thirumalai
Although we understand many aspects of how small proteins (number of residues less than about hundred) fold, it is a major challenge to understand how large proteins self-assemble. To partially overcome this challenge, we performed simulations using the Self-Organized Polymer model with Side Chains (SOP-SC) in guanidinium chloride (GdmCl), using the Molecular Transfer Model (MTM), to describe the folding of the 110-residue PDZ3 domain. The simulations reproduce the folding thermodynamics accurately including the melting temperature (Tm), the stability of the folded state with respect to the unfolded state...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Marianne Ziol, Nicolas Poté, Giuliana Amaddeo, Alexis Laurent, Jean-Charles Nault, Frédéric Oberti, Charlotte Costentin, Sophie Michalak, Mohamed Bouattour, Claire Francoz, Georges Philippe Pageaux, Jeanne Ramos, Thomas Decaens, Alain Luciani, Boris Guiu, Valérie Vilgrain, Christophe Aubé, Jonathan Derman, Cécile Charpy, Jessica Zucman-Rossi, Nathalie Barget, Olivier Seror, Nathalie Ganne-Carrié, Valérie Paradis, Julien Calderaro
We recently identified a novel histological subtype of hepatocellular carcinoma, designated as "macrotrabecular-massive" (MTM-HCC) and associated with specific molecular features. In order to assess the clinical relevance of this novel variant, we aimed to investigate its prognostic value in two large series of patients with HCC treated either by surgical resection or radiofrequency ablation (RFA). We retrospectively included 237 HCC surgical samples and 284 HCC liver biopsies from patients treated by surgical resection and RFA, respectively...
December 27, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Runze Dong, Zhenling Peng, Yang Zhang, Jianyi Yang
Motivation: As protein structure is more conserved than sequence during evolution, multiple structure alignment can be more informative than multiple sequence alignment, especially for distantly related proteins. With the rapid increase of the number of protein structures in the Protein Data Bank, it becomes urgent to develop efficient algorithms for multiple structure alignment. Results: A new multiple structure alignment algorithm (mTM-align) was proposed, which is an extension of the highly efficient pairwise structure alignment program TM-align...
December 21, 2017: Bioinformatics
Jennifer A Wilson, Angela H Pegram, Dawn M Battise, April M Robinson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To determine if traditional didactic lecture or the jigsaw learning method is more effective to teach the medication therapy management (MTM) core elements in a first year pharmacy course. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Traditional didactic lecture and a pre-class reading assignment were used in the fall semester cohort, and the jigsaw method was used in the spring semester cohort. Jigsaw is a cooperative learning strategy requiring students to assume responsibility for learning, and subsequently teaching peers...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Jennifer L Donovan, Jason Cross, Amanda M Morrill, Paul P Belliveau, Cheryl A Abel, Anna K Morin, Michael J Malloy
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To describe the incorporation of the American Pharmacists Association (APhA) Delivering Medication Therapy Management (MTM) Services program into a PharmD curriculum and to describe student perceptions of the program. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: The program was delivered over 12 months to students on two campuses via two didactic courses in the second professional year and during the first two advanced pharmacy practice experiences in the third professional year of an accelerated school of pharmacy program...
September 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
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