keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

digestive cancer

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529990/gastric-cancer-treatment-similarity-and-difference-between-china-and-korea
#1
REVIEW
Kun Yang, Jian-Kun Hu
Chinese populations have many demographic similarities to Korean populations. However, the long-term survival rates of gastric cancer patients in China are still not satisfactory when compared with Korea, especially for the advanced cases. In this article, we discuss about the similarity and difference of gastric cancer treatment in terms of screening, surgical approach, stomach resection, digestive tract reconstruction, lymphadenectomy, harvested lymph nodes, operative morbidity and mortality, postoperative chemotherapy as well as follow-up between China and Korea...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529594/an-active-molecule-from-pulsatilla-chinensis-pulsatilla-saponin-a-induces-apoptosis-and-inhibits-tumor-growth-of-human-colon-cancer-cells-without-or-with-5-fu
#2
Liming Xu, Guilian Cheng, Yi Lu, Shaofeng Wang
Colon cancer is one of the common types of digestive malignancy. The efficacy of the first-line chemotherapy drug for colon cancer, fluorouracil (5-FU), remains limited in clinical settings due to poor efficacy and significant side effects. In the present study, the anticancer activity of an active compound from Pulsatilla chinensis extracts, Pulsatilla saponin A (PsA), was isolated and examined in vitro and in vivo. It was demonstrated that PsA significantly inhibited the growth of human colon cancer HT-29 cells...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524706/cachexia-stage-patient-generated-subjective-global-assessment-phase-angle-and-handgrip-strength-in-patients-with-gastrointestinal-cancer
#3
Gislaine Aparecida Ozorio, Katia Barão, Nora Manoukian Forones
The aim of this study was to correlate patients with gastrointestinal cancer, classified according to different stages of cancer cachexia (SCC) as proposed by Fearon, with nutritional assessment tools such as PG-SGA, phase angle (PA), and handgrip strength. One hundred one patients with a mean age of 61.8 ± 12.8 yr, with 58.4% being men were included. 32.6% were malnourished according to the body mass index (BMI). A severe or moderate malnutrition had been diagnosed in 63.3% when assessed using the PG-SGA, 60...
May 19, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521797/multiple-cause-of-death-data-among-people-with-aids-in-italy-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#4
Enrico Grande, Antonella Zucchetto, Barbara Suligoi, Francesco Grippo, Marilena Pappagallo, Saverio Virdone, Laura Camoni, Martina Taborelli, Vincenza Regine, Diego Serraino, Luisa Frova
BACKGROUND: Multiple cause-of-death (MCOD) data allow analyzing the contribution to mortality of conditions reported on the death certificate that are not selected as the underlying cause of death. Using MCOD data, this study aimed to fully describe the cause-specific mortality of people with AIDS (PWA) compared to people without AIDS. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide investigation based on death certificates of 2,515 Italian PWA and 123,224 people without AIDS who had died between 2006 and 2010...
May 18, 2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521423/molecular-dysexpression-in-gastric-cancer-revealed-by-integrated-analysis-of-transcriptome-data
#5
Xiaomei Li, Weiwei Dong, Xueling Qu, Huixia Zhao, Shuo Wang, Yixin Hao, Qiuwen Li, Jianhua Zhu, Min Ye, Wenhua Xiao
Gastric cancer (GC) is often diagnosed in the advanced stages and is associated with a poor prognosis. Obtaining an in depth understanding of the molecular mechanisms of GC has lagged behind compared with other cancers. This study aimed to identify candidate biomarkers for GC. An integrated analysis of microarray datasets was performed to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between GC and normal tissues. Gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses were then performed to identify the functions of the DEGs...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515430/a-microfluidic-chip-for-screening-individual-cancer-cells-via-eavesdropping-on-autophagy-inducing-crosstalk-in-the-stroma-niche
#6
Hacer Ezgi Karakas, Junyoung Kim, Juhee Park, Jung Min Oh, Yongjun Choi, Devrim Gozuacik, Yoon-Kyoung Cho
Autophagy is a cellular homeostatic mechanism where proteins and organelles are digested and recycled to provide an alternative source of building blocks and energy to cells. The role of autophagy in cancer microenvironment is still poorly understood. Here, we present a microfluidic system allowing monitoring of the crosstalk between single cells. We used this system to study how tumor cells induced autophagy in the stromal niche. Firstly, we could confirm that transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) secreted from breast tumor cells is a paracrine mediator of tumor-stroma interaction leading to the activation of autophagy in the stroma component fibroblasts...
May 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513638/automatic-assignment-of-metal-containing-peptides-in-proteomic-lc-ms-and-ms-ms-data-sets
#7
Christopher A Wootton, Yuko P Y Lam, Matthew Willetts, Maria A van Agthoven, Mark P Barrow, Peter J Sadler, Peter B O Connor
Transition metal-containing proteins and enzymes are critical for the maintenance of cellular function and metal-based (metallo)drugs are commonly used for the treatment of many diseases, such as cancer. Detection and characterisation of metallodrug targets is crucial for improving drug-design and therapeutic efficacy. Due to the unique isotopic ratios of many metal species, and the complexity of proteomic samples, standard MS data analysis of these species is unsuitable for accurate assignment. Herein a new method for differentiating metal-containing species within complex LCMS data is presented based upon the Smart Numerical Annotation Procedure (SNAP)...
May 17, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511430/study-on-the-relation-between-colorectal-cancer-and-gall-bladder-disease
#8
Siddharth Gosavi, R Rama Mishra, Vsm Praveen Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer is cancer of the large intestine, the lower part of digestive system which includes the sigmoid colon and rectum. AIM: To study the relation of incidence of colorectal cancer with previous gall bladder disease or post-cholecystectomy status, a relation between gall bladder disease and smoking in particular and the most common region of colon involved in colorectal cancer in gall bladder disease and non-gall bladder disease patients...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511113/turn-on-theranostic-fluorescent-nanoprobe-by-electrostatic-self-assembly-of-carbon-dots-with-doxorubicin-for-targeted-cancer-cell-imaging-in-vivo-hyaluronidase-analysis-and-targeted-drug-delivery
#9
Na Gao, Wen Yang, Hailiang Nie, Yunqian Gong, Jing Jing, Loujun Gao, Xiaoling Zhang
This paper reports a turn-on theranostic fluorescent nanoprobe P-CDs/HA-Dox obtained by electrostatic assembly of polyethylenimine (PEI)-modified carbon dots (P-CDs) and Hyaluronic acid (HA)-conjugated doxorubicin (Dox) for hyaluronidase (HAase) detection, self-targeted imaging and drug delivery. P-CDs/HA-Dox show weak emission in a physiological environment. By utilizing the high affinity of HA to CD44 receptors overexpressed on many cancer cells, P-CDs/HA-Dox are capable of targeting and penetrating into cancer cells, where they are activated by HAase...
May 10, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510243/koloskopier-m%C3%A3-ste-kvalitetss%C3%A3-kras-verksamheterna-b%C3%A3-r-registrera-och-f%C3%A3-lja-upp-specifika-indikatorer-f%C3%A3-r-h%C3%A3-gkvalitetskoloskopi
#10
Henrik Thorlacius, Gabriele Wurm Johansson, Artur Nemeth, Ervin Toth
High quality colonoscopy must be secured Colonoscopy plays a key role in the work-up of digestive diseases and constitutes the cornerstone in colorectal cancer diagnosis and prevention. Data suggest that the quality of colonoscopy varies widely between different endoscopists. This article summarizes current evidence and expert consensus on quality indicators, along with the evidence supporting their use in benchmarking, quality reporting, and continuous quality improvement in order to secure high quality colonoscopy...
May 15, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507281/high-expression-of-long-non-coding-rna-neat1-indicates-poor-prognosis-of-human-cancer
#11
Jian Fang, Fuhao Qiao, Jingjing Tu, Jinfeng Xu, Fangfang Ding, Yun Liu, Bufugdi Andreas Akuo, Jianpeng Hu, Shihe Shao
The nuclear paraspeckle assembly transcript 1 (NEAT1) is a long non-coding RNA. Many studies have reported that NEAT1 plays critical oncogenic roles and facilitates tumorigenesis of various human cancers. High NEAT1 expression is associated with a poor prognosis in cancer patients. This meta-analysis was conducted to assess the association between NEAT1 levels and survival times of cancer patients. Overall survival (OS) was the primary endpoint. Thirteen publications with 1,496 cancer patients from 5 databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Wiley Online Library, and Medline) met the criteria for this meta-analysis...
April 26, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505101/dairy-propionibacteria-versatile-probiotics
#12
REVIEW
Houem Rabah, Fillipe Luiz Rosa do Carmo, Gwénaël Jan
Dairy propionibacteria are used as cheese ripening starters, as biopreservative and as beneficial additives, in the food industry. The main species, Propionibacterium freudenreichii, is known as GRAS (Generally Recognized As Safe, USA, FDA). In addition to another dairy species, Propionibacterium acidipropionici, they are included in QPS (Qualified Presumption of Safety) list. Additional to their well-known technological application, dairy propionibacteria increasingly attract attention for their promising probiotic properties...
May 13, 2017: Microorganisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501220/7-8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine-2-deoxiguanosine-ratio-determined-in-hydrolysates-of-brain-dna-by-ultrachromatrography-coupled-to-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#13
Isabel Torres-Cuevas, Miguel Aupi, Miguel Angel Asensi, Máximo Vento, Ángel Ortega, Javier Escobar
7,8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is an abundant DNA lesion formed by oxidation of the nucleoside 2'-deoxyguanosine (2-dG) and one of the most studied and accepted oxidative stress biomarkers. 8-OHdG has a strong carcinogenic potential, and prolonged oxidative stress heightens pathological conditions and especially cancer risk. Our aim was to develop, validate and apply a reliable method to assess DNA oxidation in genomic cellular DNA of sensible target organs such as brain. A procedure to isolate and digest the DNA of brain tissue properly for further detection of 8-OHdG and 2-dG by Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography-tandem Mass Spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) was optimized...
August 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492307/rapid-and-sensitive-quantification-of-micrornas-by-isothermal-helicase-dependent-amplification
#14
Fei Ma, Meng Liu, Bo Tang, Chun-Yang Zhang
Dysregulation of microRNA expression levels is closely associated with a variety of human diseases, and their rapid and sensitive quantification is essential to clinical diagnosis and therapy. Due to their poor sensitivity, conventional quantification methods are unable to detect low abundant microRNAs. Alternatively, nucleic acid amplification approaches have been introduced to improve the detection sensitivity, but most of them involve complicated probe design and time-consuming procedures. Herein, we report a simple, rapid and sensitive fluorescent method for label-free detection of low abundant microRNAs based on isothermal helicase-dependent amplification...
May 11, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490965/protective-effects-of-fennel-oil-extract-against-sodium-valproate-induced-hepatorenal-damage-in-albino-rats
#15
Wael M Al-Amoudi
Foeniculum vulgare (Apiaceae) is commonly known as fennel. This herb is well-known worldwide and traditionally used as curative herbal therapy for the treatment of epileptic disease, seizurescarminative, digestive, lactogogue, diuretic, treating respiratory and gastrointestinal disorders. The aim of present study is to investigate the possible effect of fennel oil against the toxicity of Sodium-Valproic (SVP) in albino rats. In order to assess the protection of fennel oil on SVP induced hepato- and nephro-toxicity, male albino rats were treated with 1 ml/kg b...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489168/angiolymphatic-invasion-as-a-prognostic-fator-in-resected-n0-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#16
Ricardo Vitor Silva de Almeida, Adhemar Monteiro Pacheco-Jr, Rodrigo Altenfelder Silva, André de Moricz, Tércio de Campos
Background: Pancreatic adenocarcinoma remains one of the worst digestive cancers. Surgical resection is the main target when treating a patient with curative intent. Aim: To assess angiolymphatic invasion as a prognostic factor in resected pN0 pancreatic cancer. Methods: Thirty-eight patients were submitted to pancreatoduodenectomy due to head pancreatic cancer. Tumor size, margins, lymph nodes, pTNM staging, angiolymphatic and perineural invasion were described in the pathologists' reports...
January 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488344/nipple-aspirate-fluid-a-liquid-biopsy-for-diagnosing-breast-health
#17
Sadr-Ul Shaheed, Catherine Tait, Kyriacos Kyriacou, Joanne Mullarkey, Wayne Burrill, Laurence H Patterson, Richard Linforth, Mohamed Salhab, Chris Sutton
PURPOSE: Nipple secretions are protein-rich and a potential source of breast cancer biomarkers for breast cancer screening. Previous studies of specific proteins have shown limited correlation with clinicopatholigical features. Our aim, in this pilot study, was to investigate the intra- and inter-patient protein composition of nipple secretions and the implications for their use as liquid biopsies. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Matched pairs of NAF (n = 15) were characterised for physicochemical properties and SDS PAGE...
May 10, 2017: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487913/recent-developments-in-protease-activity-assays-and-sensors
#18
REVIEW
Irvine Lian Hao Ong, Kun-Lin Yang
Proteases play a pivotal role in regulating important physiological processes from food digestion to blood clotting. They are also important biomarkers for many diseases such as cancers. The importance of proteases has led to extensive efforts in the screening of proteases and their inhibitors as potential drug molecules. For example, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients have been treated with HIV-1 protease inhibitors to prolong the life expectancy of patients. Such a close relationship between diseases and proteases provides a strong motivation for developing sensitive, selective, and robust protease assays and sensors, which can be exploited to discover new proteases and inhibitors...
May 10, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486495/long-term-inpatient-disease-burden-in-the-adult-life-after-childhood-cancer-in-scandinavia-aliccs-study-a-cohort-study-of-21-297-childhood-cancer-survivors
#19
Sofie de Fine Licht, Kathrine Rugbjerg, Thorgerdur Gudmundsdottir, Trine G Bonnesen, Peter Haubjerg Asdahl, Anna Sällfors Holmqvist, Laura Madanat-Harjuoja, Laufey Tryggvadottir, Finn Wesenberg, Henrik Hasle, Jeanette F Winther, Jørgen H Olsen
BACKGROUND: Survivors of childhood cancer are at increased risk for a wide range of late effects. However, no large population-based studies have included the whole range of somatic diagnoses including subgroup diagnoses and all main types of childhood cancers. Therefore, we aimed to provide the most detailed overview of the long-term risk of hospitalisation in survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS AND FINDINGS: From the national cancer registers of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, and Sweden, we identified 21,297 5-year survivors of childhood cancer diagnosed with cancer before the age of 20 years in the periods 1943-2008 in Denmark, 1971-2008 in Finland, 1955-2008 in Iceland, and 1958-2008 in Sweden...
May 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485764/%C3%A3-kad-kunskap-om-familj%C3%A3-rt-melanom-och-de-bakom%C3%A2-liggande-generna
#20
Hildur Helgadottir, Kari Nielsen, Veronica Höiom
Increased knowledge on familial melanoma and the underlying genetics Approximately 5-10 % of all melanoma patients have close relatives with melanoma. 5-20% of melanoma families have germline mutations in the CDKN2A gene. Swedish CDKN2A mutation carriers have a young median age of onset of melanoma, increased risks of multiple primary melanoma and of tobacco-associated cancers in respiratory and upper digestive tissues, and also worse survival compared to non-carriers. In up to 80% of melanoma families no high risk melanoma associated germline mutations are found...
May 9, 2017: Läkartidningen
keyword
keyword
29319
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"