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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744306/experimental-investigation-of-exercise-related-hedonic-responses-to-preferred-and-imposed-media-content
#1
Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
Background: We evaluated the differential influence of preferred versus imposed media selections on distinct hedonic responses to an acute bout of treadmill walking. Methods: Twenty university students were recruited for this [160 person-visit] laboratory experiment, which employed a within-subject, counter-balanced design. Participants were exposed to 8 experimental conditions, including (1) Exercise Only, (2) Texting Only, (3) Preferred Phone Call, (4) Imposed Phone Call, (5) Preferred Music Playlist, (6) Imposed Music Playlist, (7)Preferred Video and (8) Imposed Video...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699523/accuracy-of-risk-scales-for-predicting-repeat-self-harm-and-suicide-a-multicentre-population-level-cohort-study-using-routine-clinical-data
#2
Sarah Steeg, Leah Quinlivan, Rebecca Nowland, Robert Carroll, Deborah Casey, Caroline Clements, Jayne Cooper, Linda Davies, Duleeka Knipe, Jennifer Ness, Rory C O'Connor, Keith Hawton, David Gunnell, Nav Kapur
BACKGROUND: Risk scales are used widely in the management of patients presenting to hospital following self-harm. However, there is evidence that their diagnostic accuracy in predicting repeat self-harm is limited. Their predictive accuracy in population settings, and in identifying those at highest risk of suicide is not known. METHOD: We compared the predictive accuracy of the Manchester Self-Harm Rule (MSHR), ReACT Self-Harm Rule (ReACT), SAD PERSONS Scale (SPS) and Modified SAD PERSONS Scale (MSPS) in an unselected sample of patients attending hospital following self-harm...
April 25, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665120/determinants-and-predictive-value-of-clinician-assessment-of-short-term-suicide-risk
#3
Shira Barzilay, Zimri S Yaseen, Mariah Hawes, Irina Kopeykina, Firouz Ardalan, Paul Rosenfield, James Murrough, Igor Galynker
We examine the interrelations among clinicians' judgment of patients' suicide risk, clinicians' emotional responses, and standard risk factors in the short-term prediction of suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Psychiatric outpatients (n = 153) with a lifetime history of suicide ideation/attempt and their treating clinicians (n = 67) were evaluated at intake. Clinicians completed a standard suicide risk instrument (modified SAD PERSONS scale), a 10-point Likert scale assessment of judgment of patient suicide risk (Clinician Prediction Scale), and a measure of their emotional responses to the patient (Therapist Response Questionnaire-Suicide Form)...
April 17, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561204/safety-and-efficacy-of-maintenance-ketamine-treatment-in-patients-with-treatment-refractory-generalised-anxiety-and-social-anxiety-disorders
#4
Paul Glue, Shona M Neehoff, Natalie J Medlicott, Andrew Gray, Guy Kibby, Neil McNaughton
OBJECTIVE: In this maintenance treatment study, we sought to evaluate the effect on anxiety ratings, safety and tolerability of 3 months of weekly ketamine in 20 patients with treatment-refractory DSM IV generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) and/or social anxiety disorder (SAD), and subsequent assessment of remission post-treatment. METHODS: This was an uncontrolled open-label study in 20 patients who had been responders in an ascending dose ketamine study. The study was undertaken in a university clinic...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389216/the-bipolarity-of-affect-and-depressive-symptoms
#5
Egon Dejonckheere, Merijn Mestdagh, Marlies Houben, Yasemin Erbas, Madeline Pe, Peter Koval, Annette Brose, Brock Bastian, Peter Kuppens
People differ in the extent to which they experience positive (PA) and negative affect (NA) rather independently or as bipolar opposites. Here, we examine the proposition that the nature of the relation between positive and negative affect in a person's emotional experience is indicative of psychological well-being, in particular the experience of depressive symptoms, typically characterized by diminished positive affect (anhedonia) and increased negative affect (depressed mood). In three experience sampling studies, we examine how positive and negative affective states are related within people's emotional experience in daily life and how the degree of bipolarity of this relation is associated with depressive symptom severity...
February 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334821/development-and-validation-of-a-facial-expression-database-based-on-the-dimensional-and-categorical-model-of-emotions
#6
Tomomi Fujimura, Hiroyuki Umemura
The present study describes the development and validation of a facial expression database comprising five different horizontal face angles in dynamic and static presentations. The database includes twelve expression types portrayed by eight Japanese models. This database was inspired by the dimensional and categorical model of emotions: surprise, fear, sadness, anger with open mouth, anger with closed mouth, disgust with open mouth, disgust with closed mouth, excitement, happiness, relaxation, sleepiness, and neutral (static only)...
January 15, 2018: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260532/-effects-of-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-social-anxiety-disorders
#7
Yu-Chen Li, Ya-Jing Meng, Min-Lan Yuan, Hong-Ru Zhu, Zheng-Jia Ren, Chang-Jian Qiu, Wei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of group cognitive behavioral therapy (GCBT) on social anxiety disorders (SAD). METHODS: A total of 50 patients with SAD were recruited in this study. A survey containing the Liebowitz social anxiety scale (LSAS),the automatic thoughts questionnaire (ATQ),the fear of negative evaluation questionnaire (FNE),the social support rating scale (SSRS),the tridimensional personality questionnaire (TPQ),and the egna minnen barndoms uppfostran (EMBU) was administered before and (one week) after the GCBT,including in the 50 healthy controls...
November 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037749/psychopathological-features-in-noonan-syndrome
#8
Francesca Perrino, Serena Licchelli, Giulia Serra, Giorgia Piccini, Cristina Caciolo, Patrizio Pasqualetti, Flavia Cirillo, Chiara Leoni, Maria Cristina Digilio, Giuseppe Zampino, Marco Tartaglia, Paolo Alfieri, Stefano Vicari
INTRODUCTION: Noonan syndrome (NS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by short stature, skeletal and haematological/lymphatic defects, distinctive facies, cryptorchidism, and a wide spectrum of congenital heart defects. Recurrent features also include variable cognitive deficits and behavioural problems. Recent research has been focused on the assessment of prevalence, age of onset and characterization of psychiatric features in this disorder. Herein, we evaluated the prevalence of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety and depressive symptoms and syndromes in a cohort of individuals with clinical and molecular diagnosis of NS...
January 2018: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872331/how-do-people-think-about-interdependence-a-multidimensional-model-of-subjective-outcome-interdependence
#9
Fabiola H Gerpott, Daniel Balliet, Simon Columbus, Catherine Molho, Reinout E de Vries
Interdependence is a fundamental characteristic of social interactions. Interdependence Theory states that 6 dimensions describe differences between social situations. Here we examine if these 6 dimensions describe how people think about their interdependence with others in a situation. We find that people (in situ and ex situ) can reliably differentiate situations according to 5, but not 6, dimensions of interdependence: (a) mutual dependence, (b) power, (c) conflict, (d) future interdependence, and (e) information certainty...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770618/the-role-of-personality-in-the-assessment-of-subjective-and-physiological-emotional-reactivity-a-comparison-between-younger-and-older-adults
#10
Priska Steenhaut, Ineke Demeyer, Rudi De Raedt, Gina Rossi
This study brings more clarity on the inconsistent findings on emotional reactivity differences between older (OA) and younger (YA) adults, by examining the influence of (mal)adaptive personality traits on emotional reactivity and by applying several assessment methods. We recruited 60 YA (25-50 years) and 60 OA (65+ years) from a nonclinical population. We used Visual Analogue Scales to measure subjective reactivity, and facial electromyography (corrugator and zygomaticus reactivity), heart rate, heart rate variability, and skin conductance level to assess physiological reactivity during happy and sad film clips...
August 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723978/instruments-for-the-assessment-of-suicide-risk-a-systematic-review-evaluating-the-certainty-of-the-evidence
#11
REVIEW
Bo Runeson, Jenny Odeberg, Agneta Pettersson, Tobias Edbom, Ingalill Jildevik Adamsson, Margda Waern
BACKGROUND: Instruments have been developed to facilitate suicide risk assessment. We aimed to evaluate the evidence for these instruments including assessment of risk of bias and diagnostic accuracy for suicide and suicide attempt. METHODS: PubMed (NLM), PsycInfo, Embase, Cinahl and the Cochrane Library databases were searched until December 2014. We assessed risk of bias with QUADAS-2. The average sensitivity and specificity of each instrument was estimated and the certainty of the evidence was assessed with GRADE...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674393/identifying-affective-personality-profiles-a-latent-profile-analysis-of-the-affective-neuroscience-personality-scales
#12
Massimiliano Orri, Jean-Baptiste Pingault, Alexandra Rouquette, Christophe Lalanne, Bruno Falissard, Catherine Herba, Sylvana M Côté, Sylvie Berthoz
Based on evolutionary theory, a recent model in affective neuroscience delineated six emotional brain systems at the core of human personality: SEEKING, CARING, PLAYFULNESS, FEAR, ANGER, SADNESS. The Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (ANPS) assess their functioning. Using a person-centred approach of the ANPS, this study: (i) examined the existence of latent personality profiles, (ii) studied their gender invariance, (iii) assessed their longitudinal (4 years) stability, and (iv) explored how they relate to several intrapersonal, interpersonal, and emotion regulation skills...
July 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602529/-the-use-of-social-media-modifies-teenagers-sleep-related-behavior
#13
S Royant-Parola, V Londe, S Tréhout, S Hartley
OBJECTIVE: Modification of sleep behaviors in teenagers has been observed over the past 30years with a reduction in overall sleep time and an increasing number of teenagers suffering from sleep deprivation. Sleep deprivation is linked to physical problems such as obesity but also to change in performance at school and mood disorders. Changes have been associated with the use of screens, cell phones, Internet and social media. Use of screens has been shown to delay sleep onset and melatonin secretion and stimulation of wake systems by interaction with social media may exacerbate these effects...
June 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546141/clinical-insight-into-latent-variables-of-psychiatric-questionnaires-for-mood-symptom-self-assessment
#14
Athanasios Tsanas, Kate Saunders, Amy Bilderbeck, Niclas Palmius, Guy Goodwin, Maarten De Vos
BACKGROUND: We recently described a new questionnaire to monitor mood called mood zoom (MZ). MZ comprises 6 items assessing mood symptoms on a 7-point Likert scale; we had previously used standard principal component analysis (PCA) to tentatively understand its properties, but the presence of multiple nonzero loadings obstructed the interpretation of its latent variables. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to rigorously investigate the internal properties and latent variables of MZ using an algorithmic approach which may lead to more interpretable results than PCA...
May 25, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502059/dynamics-of-change-in-self-reported-disability-among-persons-with-parkinson-s-disease-after-2%C3%A2-years-of-follow-up
#15
Tatjana Gazibara, Darija Kisic-Tepavcevic, Marina Svetel, Aleksandra Tomic, Iva Stankovic, Vladimir Kostic, Tatjana Pekmezovic
Symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD) progress over time causing significant disability. Yet, change in disability over shorter time periods has not been entirely understood. The purpose of this study was to assess the Self-Assessment Disability Scale (SADS) in persons with Parkinson's disease (PD) after 2 years of follow-up and compare it with the score observed at baseline. Additionally, we aimed at evaluating association of motor and non-motor PD features at baseline with a higher disability after 2 years of follow-up...
August 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471534/predicting-suicide-with-the-sad-persons-scale
#16
Cara Katz, Jason R Randall, Jitender Sareen, Dan Chateau, Randy Walld, William D Leslie, JianLi Wang, James M Bolton
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major public health issue, and a priority requirement is accurately identifying high-risk individuals. The SAD PERSONS suicide risk assessment scale is widely implemented in clinical settings despite limited supporting evidence. This article aims to determine the ability of the SAD PERSONS scale (SPS) to predict future suicide in the emergency department. METHODS: Five thousand four hundred sixty-two consecutive adults were seen by psychiatry consultation teams in two tertiary emergency departments with linkage to population-based administrative data to determine suicide deaths within 6 months, 1, and 5 years...
September 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357883/positive-mood-on-negative-self-statements-paradoxical-intervention-in-geriatric-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#17
Claudia Lanza, Christine Müller, Matthias W Riepe
OBJECTIVES: Mood regulation is said to be age-specific. Negative self-statements (NST) are used to induce negative mood. However, little is known about NST in older persons and geriatric patients with major depressive disorder. METHOD: We investigated healthy young (YC) and older (OC) control subjects and older patients with major depressive disorder (OP). Subjects were exposed to NST subsequent to baseline assessment comprising psychological and psychometric tests...
March 30, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348456/positively-biased-processing-of-mother-s-emotions-predicts-children-s-social-and-emotional-functioning
#18
Meghan Rose Donohue, Sherryl H Goodman, Erin C Tully
Risk for internalizing problems and social skills deficits likely emerges in early childhood when emotion processing and social competencies are developing. Positively biased processing of social information is typical during early childhood and may be protective against poorer psychosocial outcomes. We tested the hypothesis that young children with relatively less positively biased attention to, interpretations of, and attributions for their mother's emotions would exhibit poorer prosocial skills and more internalizing problems...
2017: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346147/differences-in-short-and-long-sleep-durations-between-blacks-and-whites-attributed-to-emotional-distress-analysis-of-the-national-health-interview-survey-in-the-united-states
#19
Azizi A Seixas, Emmanuella Auguste, Mark Butler, Caryl James, Valerie Newsome, Evan Auguste, Vilma Aparecida da Silva Fonseca, Andres Schneeberger, Ferdinand Zizi, Girardin Jean-Louis
OBJECTIVES: The current study examined the role of emotional distress in explaining racial/ethnic differences in unhealthy sleep duration. DESIGN: Data from the 2004-2013 National Health Interview Survey were analyzed using SPSS 20. SETTING: Data were collected through personal household interviews in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Of the total 261,686 participants (age≥18 years), 17.0% were black, 83.0% were white, and the mean age was 48 years (SE=0...
February 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332405/association-between-social-interaction-and-affect-in-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia
#20
Ying-Ling Jao, Eric Loken, Margaret MacAndrew, Kimberly Van Haitsma, Ann Kolanowski
BACKGROUND: Social interactions that lead to positive affect are fundamental to human well-being. However, individuals with dementia are challenged to achieve positive social interaction. It is unclear how social interactions influence affect in people with dementia. This study examined the association between social interactions and affect in nursing home residents with dementia. METHODS: This repeated measures study used baseline data from a clinical trial in which 126 residents from 12 nursing homes were enrolled...
March 23, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
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