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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332405/association-between-social-interaction-and-affect-in-nursing-home-residents-with-dementia
#1
Ying-Ling Jao, Eric Loken, Margaret MacAndrew, Kimberly Van Haitsma, Ann Kolanowski
BACKGROUND: Social interactions that lead to positive affect are fundamental to human well-being. However, individuals with dementia are challenged to achieve positive social interaction. It is unclear how social interactions influence affect in people with dementia. This study examined the association between social interactions and affect in nursing home residents with dementia. METHODS: This repeated measures study used baseline data from a clinical trial in which 126 residents from 12 nursing homes were enrolled...
March 23, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302702/predictive-accuracy-of-risk-scales-following-self-harm-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Leah Quinlivan, Jayne Cooper, Declan Meehan, Damien Longson, John Potokar, Tom Hulme, Jennifer Marsden, Fiona Brand, Kezia Lange, Elena Riseborough, Lisa Page, Chris Metcalfe, Linda Davies, Rory O'Connor, Keith Hawton, David Gunnell, Nav Kapur
BackgroundScales are widely used in psychiatric assessments following self-harm. Robust evidence for their diagnostic use is lacking.AimsTo evaluate the performance of risk scales (Manchester Self-Harm Rule, ReACT Self-Harm Rule, SAD PERSONS scale, Modified SAD PERSONS scale, Barratt Impulsiveness Scale); and patient and clinician estimates of risk in identifying patients who repeat self-harm within 6 months.MethodA multisite prospective cohort study was conducted of adults aged 18 years and over referred to liaison psychiatry services following self-harm...
March 16, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288592/transfer-of-manualized-short-term-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-stpp-for-social-anxiety-disorder-into-clinical-practice-results-from-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Jörg Wiltink, Christian Ruckes, Jürgen Hoyer, Falk Leichsenring, Peter Joraschky, Frank Leweke, Karin Pöhlmann, Manfred E Beutel
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence for manualized psychodynamic treatments, there is a lack of studies on their transfer to routine practice. This is the first study to examine the effects of an additional training in manualized Short Term Psychodynamic Psychotherapy (STPP) on the outcome in routine psychotherapy for social anxiety disorder (SAD). The study is an extension to a large RCT comparing STPP to Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy of SAD. METHODS: The manualized treatment was designed for a time limited approach with 25 individual sessions of STPP over 6 months...
March 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088506/linguistic-indicators-of-pain-catastrophizing-in-patients-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain
#4
Doerte U Junghaenel, Stefan Schneider, Joan E Broderick
The present study examined markers of pain catastrophizing in the word use of patients with chronic pain. Patients (N = 71) completed the Pain Catastrophizing Scale and wrote about their life with pain. Quantitative word count analysis examined whether the essays contained linguistic indicators of catastrophizing. Bivariate correlations showed that catastrophizing was associated with greater use of first person singular pronouns, such as "I" (r = .27, P ≤ .05) and pronouns referencing other people (r = ...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032518/factors-contributing-to-individual-differences-in-facial-expression-categorisation
#5
Corinne Green, Kun Guo
Individuals vary in perceptual accuracy when categorising facial expressions, yet it is unclear how these individual differences in non-clinical population are related to cognitive processing stages at facial information acquisition and interpretation. We tested 104 healthy adults in a facial expression categorisation task, and correlated their categorisation accuracy with face-viewing gaze allocation and personal traits assessed with Autism Quotient, anxiety inventory and Self-Monitoring Scale. The gaze allocation had limited but emotion-specific impact on categorising expressions...
December 29, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018255/an-affective-neuroscience-framework-for-the-molecular-study-of-internet-addiction
#6
Christian Montag, Cornelia Sindermann, Benjamin Becker, Jaak Panksepp
Internet addiction represents an emerging global health issue. Increasing efforts have been made to characterize risk factors for the development of Internet addiction and consequences of excessive Internet use. During the last years, classic research approaches from psychology considering personality variables as vulnerability factor, especially in conjunction with neuroscience approaches such as brain imaging, have led to coherent theoretical conceptualizations of Internet addiction. Although such conceptualizations can be valuable aid, the research field is currently lacking a comprehensive framework for determining brain-based and neurochemical markers of Internet addiction...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994562/the-tomenovela-a-photograph-based-stimulus-set-for-the-study-of-social-cognition-with-high-ecological-validity
#7
Maike C Herbort, Jenny Iseev, Christopher Stolz, Benedict Roeser, Nora Großkopf, Torsten Wüstenberg, Rainer Hellweg, Henrik Walter, Isabel Dziobek, Björn H Schott
We present the ToMenovela, a stimulus set that has been developed to provide a set of normatively rated socio-emotional stimuli showing varying amount of characters in emotionally laden interactions for experimental investigations of (i) cognitive and (ii) affective Theory of Mind (ToM), (iii) emotional reactivity, and (iv) complex emotion judgment with respect to Ekman's basic emotions (happiness, anger, disgust, fear, sadness, surprise, Ekman and Friesen, 1975). Stimuli were generated with focus on ecological validity and consist of 190 scenes depicting daily-life situations...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940318/individual-differences-in-affective-neuroscience-personality-scale-anps-primary-emotional-traits-and-depressive-tendencies
#8
Christian Montag, Katharina Widenhorn-Müller, Jaak Panksepp, Markus Kiefer
BACKGROUND: The present study investigated individual differences in the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (ANPS), representing measures of primary emotional systems, and depressive tendencies in two independent samples. METHODS: In order to be able to find support for a continuum model with respect to the relation of strength in the cross-species "affective neuroscience" taxonomy of primary emotional systems, we investigated ANPS measured personality traits in a psychologically mostly healthy population (n=614 participants) as well as a sample of clinically depressed people (n=55 depressed patients)...
November 18, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909382/gender-differences-in-empathic-sadness-towards-persons-of-the-same-versus-other-sex-during-adolescence
#9
Suzannah Stuijfzand, Minet De Wied, Maaike Kempes, Jolien Van de Graaff, Susan Branje, Wim Meeus
Although gender differences in affective empathy are well established, evidence of gender differences in the development of affective empathy is inconsistent. Consideration of same-sex versus other-sex affective empathy may assist in elucidating these inconsistencies. Gender differences were investigated in the experience of empathic sadness towards same- versus other-sex targets. The relationships were studied cross-sectionally (N = 730) and longitudinally (N = 318) with Dutch adolescents using the empathic sadness scale of the Index of Empathy for Children and Adolescents (IECA; Bryant 1982)...
2016: Sex Roles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903439/functional-connectivity-in-the-resting-brain-as-biological-correlate-of-the-affective-neuroscience-personality-scales
#10
Nadja Deris, Christian Montag, Martin Reuter, Bernd Weber, Sebastian Markett
According to Jaak Panksepp's Affective Neuroscience Theory and the derived self-report measure, the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales (ANPS), differences in the responsiveness of primary emotional systems form the basis of human personality. In order to investigate neuronal correlates of personality, the underlying neuronal circuits of the primary emotional systems were analyzed in the present fMRI-study by associating the ANPS to functional connectivity in the resting brain. N=120 healthy participants were invited for the present study...
February 15, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833568/mood-instability-and-irritability-as-core-symptoms-of-major-depression-an-exploration-using-rasch-analysis
#11
Lloyd Balbuena, Rudy Bowen, Marilyn Baetz, Steven Marwaha
BACKGROUND: Mood instability (MI) and irritability are related to depression but are not considered core symptoms. Instruments typically code clusters of symptoms that are used to define syndromic depression, but the place of MI and irritability has been under-investigated. Whether they are core symptoms can be examined using Rasch analysis. METHOD: We used the UK Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2000 data (n = 8,338) to determine whether the nine ICD/DSM symptoms, plus MI and irritability, constitute a valid depression scale...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744447/paroxetine-cognitive-therapy-or-their-combination-in-the-treatment-of-social-anxiety-disorder-with-and-without-avoidant-personality-disorder-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Hans M Nordahl, Patrick A Vogel, Gunnar Morken, Tore C Stiles, Pål Sandvik, Adrian Wells
BACKGROUND: The most efficacious treatments for social anxiety disorder (SAD) are the SSRIs and cognitive therapy (CT). Combined treatment is advocated for SAD but has not been evaluated in randomized trials using CT and SSRI. Our aim was to evaluate whether one treatment is more effective than the other and whether combined treatment is more effective than the single treatments. METHODS: A total of 102 patients were randomly assigned to paroxetine, CT, the combination of CT and paroxetine, or pill placebo...
2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736108/recognizing-spontaneous-facial-expressions-of-emotion-in-a-small-scale-society-of-papua-new-guinea
#13
Carlos Crivelli, James A Russell, Sergio Jarillo, José-Miguel Fernández-Dols
We report 2 studies on how residents of Papua New Guinea interpret facial expressions produced spontaneously by other residents of Papua New Guinea. Members of a small-scale indigenous society, Trobrianders (Milne Bay Province; N = 32, 14 to 17 years) were shown 5 facial expressions spontaneously produced by members of another small-scale indigenous society, Fore (Eastern Highlands Province) that Ekman had photographed, labeled, and published in The Face of Man (1980), each as an expression of a basic emotion: happiness, sadness, anger, surprise, and disgust...
March 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720603/dsm-iv-and-dsm-5-prevalence-of-social-anxiety-disorder-in-a-population-sample-of-older-people
#14
Björn Karlsson, Robert Sigström, Svante Östling, Margda Waern, Anne Börjesson-Hanson, Ingmar Skoog
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of social anxiety disorders (SAD) with (DSM-IV) and without (DSM-5) the person's own assessment that the fear was unreasonable, in a population sample of older adults. Further, to determine whether clinical and sociodemographic correlates of SAD differ depending on the criteria applied. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: General population in Gothenburg, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: A random population-based sample of 75- and 85-year olds (N = 1200) without dementia...
December 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717405/group-schema-therapy-versus-group-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-with-comorbid-avoidant-personality-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Astrid Baljé, Anja Greeven, Anne van Giezen, Kees Korrelboom, Arnoud Arntz, Philip Spinhoven
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) with comorbid avoidant personality disorder (APD) has a high prevalence and is associated with serious psychosocial problems and high societal costs. When patients suffer from both SAD and APD, the Dutch multidisciplinary guidelines for personality disorders advise offering prolonged cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Recently there is increasing evidence for the effectiveness of schema therapy (ST) for personality disorders such as borderline personality disorder and cluster C personality disorders...
October 8, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526666/neural-responses-to-nostalgia-evoking-music-modeled-by-elements-of-dynamic-musical-structure-and-individual-differences-in-affective-traits
#16
Frederick S Barrett, Petr Janata
Nostalgia is an emotion that is most commonly associated with personally and socially relevant memories. It is primarily positive in valence and is readily evoked by music. It is also an idiosyncratic experience that varies between individuals based on affective traits. We identified frontal, limbic, paralimbic, and midbrain brain regions in which the strength of the relationship between ratings of nostalgia evoked by music and blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) signal was predicted by affective personality measures (nostalgia proneness and the sadness scale of the Affective Neuroscience Personality Scales) that are known to modulate the strength of nostalgic experiences...
August 13, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449555/daily-longitudinal-self-monitoring-of-mood-variability-in-bipolar-disorder-and-borderline-personality-disorder
#17
A Tsanas, K E A Saunders, A C Bilderbeck, N Palmius, M Osipov, G D Clifford, G Μ Goodwin, M De Vos
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, assessment of psychiatric symptoms has been relying on their retrospective report to a trained interviewer. The emergence of smartphones facilitates passive sensor-based monitoring and active real-time monitoring through time-stamped prompts; however there are few validated self-report measures designed for this purpose. METHODS: We introduce a novel, compact questionnaire, Mood Zoom (MZ), embedded in a customised smart-phone application...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27439444/psychologist-in-a-pocket-lexicon-development-and-content-validation-of-a-mobile-based-app-for-depression-screening
#18
Paula Glenda Ferrer Cheng, Roann Munoz Ramos, Jó Ágila Bitsch, Stephan Michael Jonas, Tim Ix, Portia Lynn Quetulio See, Klaus Wehrle
BACKGROUND: Language reflects the state of one's mental health and personal characteristics. It also reveals preoccupations with a particular schema, thus possibly providing insights into psychological conditions. Using text or lexical analysis in exploring depression, negative schemas and self-focusing tendencies may be depicted. As mobile technology has become highly integrated in daily routine, mobile devices have the capacity for ecological momentary assessment (EMA), specifically the experience sampling method (ESM), where behavior is captured in real-time or closer in time to experience in one's natural environment...
2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27431343/-mentalization-based-treatment-and-borderline-personality-disorder
#19
C De Oliveira, H Rahioui, M Smadja, M A Gorsane, F Louppe
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND: The borderline personality disorder is a complex psychiatric disorder that represents a high number of patients in a psychiatric adult service. Even if some therapies have shown to be effective in the therapeutic care of the borderline personality disorder they only target certain symptoms (e.g. anxiety, sadness, self-mutilation). The aim of this paper is to introduce a therapeutic model little known in France: the mentalization based therapy (MBT) developed in 2004 by Bateman and Fonagy...
July 15, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423070/adhd-circadian-rhythms-and-seasonality
#20
Dora S Wynchank, Denise Bijlenga, Femke Lamers, Tannetje I Bron, Wim H Winthorst, Suzan W Vogel, Brenda W Penninx, Aartjan T Beekman, J Sandra Kooij
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether the association between Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) was mediated by the circadian rhythm. METHOD: Data of 2239 persons from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA) were used. Two groups were compared: with clinically significant ADHD symptoms (N = 175) and with No ADHD symptoms (N = 2064). Sleep parameters were sleep-onset and offset times, mid sleep and sleep duration from the Munich Chronotype Questionnaire...
October 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
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