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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343961/protein-depletion-using-the-arabinose-promoter-in-xanthomonas-citri-subsp-citri
#1
Lilian A Lacerda, Lucia B Cavalca, Paula M M Martins, José S Govone, Maurício Bacci, Henrique Ferreira
Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri (X. citri) is a plant pathogen and the etiological agent of citrus canker, a severe disease that affects all the commercially important citrus varieties, and has worldwide distribution. Citrus canker cannot be healed, and the best method known to control the spread of X. citri in the orchards is the eradication of symptomatic and asymptomatic plants in the field. However, in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, the main orange producing area in the world, control is evolving to an integrated management system (IMS) in which growers have to use less susceptible plants, windshields to prevent bacterial spread out and sprays of cupric bactericidal formulations...
March 23, 2017: Plasmid
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336584/complete-genome-sequences-of-six-copper-resistant-xanthomonas-citri-pv-%C3%A2-citri-strains-causing-asiatic-citrus-canker-obtained-using-long-read-technology
#2
Damien Richard, Claudine Boyer, Christian Vernière, Blanca I Canteros, Pierre Lefeuvre, Olivier Pruvost
The gammaproteobacterium Xanthomonas citri pv. citri causes Asiatic citrus canker. Pathotype A strains have a broad host range, which includes most commercial citrus species, and they cause important economic losses worldwide. Control often relies on frequent copper sprays. We present here the complete genomes of six X. citri pv. citri copper-resistant strains.
March 23, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321828/genome-wide-association-analysis-tracks-bacterial-leaf-blight-resistance-loci-in-rice-diverse-germplasm
#3
Christine Jade Dilla-Ermita, Erwin Tandayu, Venice Margarette Juanillas, Jeffrey Detras, Dennis Nicuh Lozada, Maria Stefanie Dwiyanti, Casiana Vera Cruz, Edwige Gaby Nkouaya Mbanjo, Edna Ardales, Maria Genaleen Diaz, Merlyn Mendioro, Michael J Thomson, Tobias Kretzschmar
BACKGROUND: A range of resistance loci against different races of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), the pathogen causing bacterial blight (BB) disease of rice, have been discovered and characterized. Several have been deployed in modern varieties, however, due to rapid evolution of Xoo, a number have already become ineffective. The continuous "arms race" between Xoo and rice makes it imperative to discover new resistance loci to enable durable deployment of multiple resistance genes in modern breeding lines...
December 2017: Rice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319994/growth-of-bacterial-phytopathogens-in-animal-manures
#4
Wojciech Sledz, Sabina Zoledowska, Agata Motyka, Leszek Kadziński, Bogdan Banecki
Animal manures are routinely applied to agricultural lands to improve crop yield, but the possibility to spread bacterial phytopathogens through field fertilization has not been considered yet. We monitored 49 cattle, horse, swine, sheep or chicken manure samples collected in 14 Polish voivodeships for the most important plant pathogenic bacteria - Ralstonia solanacearum (Rsol), Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc), Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum (Pcc), Pectobacterium atrosepticum (Pba), Erwinia amylovora (Eam), Clavibacter michiganensis subsp...
2017: Acta Biochimica Polonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304228/induction-of-xa10-like-genes-in-rice-cultivar-nipponbare-confers-disease-resistance-to-rice-bacterial-blight
#5
Jun Wang, Dongsheng Tian, Keyu Gu, Xiaobei Yang, Lanlan Wang, Xuan Zeng, Zhongchao Yin
Bacterial blight of rice, caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae, is one of the most destructive bacterial diseases throughout the major rice growing regions in the world. The rice disease resistance (R) genes Xa10 confers race-specific disease resistance to X. oryzae pv. oryzae strains that deliver the corresponding transcription activator-like (TAL) effectors AvrXa10. Upon bacterial infection, AvrXa10 binds specifically to the effector binding element (EBE) in the promoter of the R gene and activates its expression...
March 17, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301511/dissection-of-tale-dependent-gene-activation-reveals-that-they-induce-transcription-cooperatively-and-in-both-orientations
#6
Jana Streubel, Heidi Baum, Jan Grau, Johannes Stuttman, Jens Boch
Plant-pathogenic Xanthomonas bacteria inject transcription activator-like effector proteins (TALEs) into host cells to specifically induce transcription of plant genes and enhance susceptibility. Although the DNA-binding mode is well-understood it is still ambiguous how TALEs initiate transcription and whether additional promoter elements are needed to support this. To systematically dissect prerequisites for transcriptional initiation the activity of one TALE was compared on different synthetic Bs4 promoter fragments...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301313/erratum-proteomics-analysis-of-the-regulatory-role-of-rpf-dsf-cell-to-cell-signaling-system-in-the-virulence-of-xanthomonas-campestris
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294606/a-glycopeptidyl-glutamate-epimerase-for-bacterial-peptidoglycan-biosynthesis
#8
Ruoyin Feng, Yasuharu Satoh, Yasushi Ogasawara, Tohru Yoshimura, Tohru Dairi
d-Glutamate (Glu) supplied by Glu racemases or d-amino acid transaminase is utilized for peptidoglycan biosynthesis in microorganisms. Comparative genomics has shown that some microorganisms, including Xanthomonas oryzae, perhaps have no orthologues of these genes. We performed shotgun cloning experiments with a d-Glu auxotrophic Escherichia coli mutant as the host and X. oryzae as the DNA donor. We obtained complementary genes, XOO_1319 and XOO_1320, which are annotated as a hypothetical protein and MurD (UDP-MurNAc-l-Ala-d-Glu synthetase), respectively...
March 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273966/stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-an-emerging-pathogen-in-paediatric-population
#9
Charu Nayyar, Preeti Thakur, Vibhor Tak, Karnika Saigal
INTRODUCTION: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (formerly Pseudomonas maltophilia/Xanthomonas maltophilia), a Gram- negative, non-fermenting bacillus, is being increasingly recognized as a threatening nosocomial pathogen, associated with significant mortality. AIM: To determine the prevalence of infection, antimicrobial susceptibility pattern and clinical outcome of S. maltophilia in a paediatric population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study conducted over a period of eight months, i...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267413/high-production-of-xanthan-gum-by-a-glycerol-tolerant-strain-xanthomonas-campestris-wxlb-006
#10
Zichao Wang, Jianrong Wu, Min-Jie Gao, Li Zhu, Xiao-Bei Zhan
The superior properties of xanthan gum make it an industrial aginomoto used in many industries, especially in oil recovery. In the present work, xanthan production from glycerol by a mutant strain Xanthomonas campestris WXLB-006 reached as high as 17.8 g/L in flask culture. With the adoption of pH control, varied aeration and agitation, and varied glycerol feeding strategy, xanthan production reached 33.9 g/L in a 7-L fermenter and fermentation time decreased to 60 hr. Instead of difficultly and costly purifying glycerol, this research provides a very good case for glycerol utilization...
February 21, 2017: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264910/the-expanding-role-of-type-ii-secretion-in-bacterial-pathogenesis-and-beyond
#11
Nicholas P Cianciotto, Richard C White
Type II secretion (T2S) is one means by which Gram-negative pathogens secrete proteins into the extracellular milieu and/or host organisms. Based upon recent genome sequencing, it is clear that T2S is largely restricted to the Proteobacteria, occurring in many, but not all genera in the α-, β-, γ-, and δ- classes. Prominent human and/or animal pathogens that express a T2S system(s) include Acinetobacter baumannii, Burkholderia pseudomallei, Chlamydia trachomatis, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Legionella pneumophila, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Vibrio cholerae, and Yersinia enterocolitica T2S-expressing plant pathogens include Dickeya dadantii, Erwinia amylovora, Pectobacterium carotovorum, Ralstonia solanacearum, Xanthomonas campestris, Xanthomonas oryzae, and Xylella fastidiosa T2S also occurs in non-pathogenic bacteria, facilitating symbioses, among other things...
March 6, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258140/ecological-and-evolutionary-insights-into-pathovar-diversity-of-xanthomonas-citri
#12
Kanika Bansal, Samriti Midha, Sanjeet Kumar, Prabhu B Patil
Citrus canker, caused by Xanthomonas citri pv. citri (Xct), is a serious disease of citrus plants worldwide. Earlier phylogenetic studies using housekeeping genes revealed that Xct is related to many other pathovars, which can be collectively referred as Xanthomonas citri pathovars (XCPs). In the present study, we report the genome sequence of eighteen XCPs compared with four XCPs available in the public domain. In a tree based on phylogenomic marker genes, all the XCPs form a monophyletic cluster suggesting their origin from a common ancestor...
March 3, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251460/characterization-of-a-disease-susceptibility-locus-for-exploring-an-efficient-way-to-improve-rice-resistance-against-bacterial-blight
#13
Qi Cheng, Weihua Mao, Wenya Xie, Qinsong Liu, Jianbo Cao, Meng Yuan, Qinglu Zhang, Xianghua Li, Shiping Wang
Bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) is the most harmful bacterial disease of rice worldwide. Previously, we characterized major disease resistance (MR) gene xa25, which confers race-specific resistance to Xoo strain PXO339. The xa25 is a recessive allele of the SWEET13 locus, but SWEET13's interaction with PXO339 and how efficiently using this locus for rice breeding still need to be defined. Here we show that the SWEET13 allele from rice Zhenshan 97 is a susceptibility gene to PXO339...
February 27, 2017: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232426/high-quality-genome-sequence-of-xanthomonas-axonopodis-pv-glycines-strain-12609-isolated-in-taiwan
#14
Shu-Fen Weng, An-Chi Luo, Che-Jui Lin, Tsai-Tien Tseng
The genomic sequence was determined for Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. glycines strain 12609, isolated in Taiwan. Based on the genome sequence, we predicted the encoded genes, rRNA, tRNA, a plasmid sequence, secretion systems, cyclic GMP- and cyclic di-GMP-mediated pathways, and the gene cluster rpfABCHGDE (regulation of pathogenicity factor).
February 23, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232425/complete-genome-sequences-of-six-copper-resistant-xanthomonas-strains-causing-bacterial-spot-of-solaneous-plants-belonging-to-x-gardneri-x-euvesicatoria-and-x-vesicatoria-using-long-read-technology
#15
Damien Richard, Claudine Boyer, Pierre Lefeuvre, Blanca I Canteros, Shyam Beni-Madhu, Perrine Portier, Olivier Pruvost
Xanthomonas vesicatoria, Xanthomonas euvesicatoria, and Xanthomonas gardneri cause bacterial spot disease. Copper has been applied since the 1920s as part of integrated management programs. The first copper-resistant strains were reported some decades later. Here, we fully sequenced six Xanthomonas strains pathogenic to tomato and/or pepper and having a copper-resistant phenotype.
February 23, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232208/label-free-quantitative-secretome-analysis-of-xanthomonas-oryzae-pv-oryzae-highlights-the-involvement-of-a-novel-cysteine-protease-in-its-pathogenicity
#16
Yiming Wang, Ravi Gupta, Wei Song, Hyun-Hye Huh, So Eui Lee, Jingni Wu, Ganesh Kumar Agrawal, Randeep Rakwal, Kyu Young Kang, Sang-Ryeol Park, Sun Tae Kim
Bacterial blight, caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), is one of the most devastating diseases resulting in a huge loss of the total rice productivity. The initial interaction between rice and Xoo takes place in the host apoplast and is mediated primarily by secretion of various proteins from both partners. Yet, such secretory proteins remain to be largely identified and characterized. This study employed a label-free quantitative proteomics approach and identified 404 and 323 Xoo-secreted proteins from in vitro suspension-cultured cells and in planta systems, respectively...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231455/synthetic-investigation-physicochemical-characterization-and-antibacterial-evaluation-of-ternary-bi-iii-systems-with-hydroxycarboxylic-acid-and-aromatic-chelator-substrates
#17
C M Nday, E Halevas, A Tsiaprazi-Stamou, D Eleftheriadou, A Hatzidimitriou, G Jackson, D Reid, A Salifoglou
Due to its physical and chemical properties, bismuth (Bi(III)) is widely used in the treatment of several gastrointestinal and skin diseases, and infections caused by bacteria. Herein, its known antimicrobial potential was taken into consideration in the synthesis of two new hybrid ternary materials of Bi(III) with the physiological α-hydroxycarboxylic glycolic acid and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), [Bi2(C2H2O3)2(C2H3O3)(NO3)]n(.) nH2O (1) and [Bi(C12H8N2)(NO3)4](C10H8N4) (2), aiming at improving its antibacterial properties...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223313/active-multi-enzyme-assemblies-for-long-chain-olefinic-hydrocarbon-biosynthesis
#18
James K Christenson, Matthew R Jensen, Brandon R Goblirsch, Fatuma Mohamed, Wei Zhang, Carrie M Wilmot, Lawrence P Wackett
Bacteria from different Phyla produce long-chain olefinic hydrocarbons derived from an OleA-catalyzed Claisen condensation of two fatty acyl-CoA substrates, followed by reduction and oxygen elimination reactions catalyzed by the proteins OleB, OleC, and OleD. In this report, OleA, OleB, OleC, and OleD were individually purified as soluble proteins, and all were found to be essential for reconstituting hydrocarbon biosynthesis. Recombinant co-expression of tagged OleABCD proteins from Xanthomonas campestris in Escherichia coli and purification over His6x- and FLAG-columns resulted in OleA separating whilst OleBCD purified together, irrespective of which of the four Ole proteins were tagged...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218447/the-role-of-type-three-effectors-from-xanthomonas-axonopodis-pv-manihotis-in-virulence-and-suppression-of-plant-immunity
#19
Cesar Augusto Medina, Paola Andrea Reyes, Cesar Augusto Trujillo, Juan Luis Gonzalez, David Alejandro Bejarano, Nathaly Andrea Montenegro, Jonathan M Jacobs, Anna Joe, Silvia Restrepo, James R Alfano, Adriana Jimena Bernal
Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (Xam) causes cassava bacterial blight, the most important bacterial disease of cassava. Xam, like other Xanthomonas species, requires type III effectors (T3Es) for maximal virulence. Xam strain CIO151 has 17 predicted T3Es belonging to the Xanthomonas outer protein class (Xop). This work aimed at characterizing nine Xop effectors present in Xam CIO151 for their role in virulence and modulation of plant immunity. Our findings demonstrate the importance of XopZ, XopX, XopAO1, and AvrBs2 for full virulence, as well as a redundant function in virulence between XopN and XopQ in susceptible cassava plants...
February 20, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213905/a-ten-gene-containing-genomic-island-determines-flagellin-glycosylation-implication-for-its-regulatory-role-in-motility-and-virulence-of-xanthomonas-oryzae-pv-oryzae
#20
Chao Yu, Huamin Chen, Fang Tian, Fenghuan Yang, Xiaochen Yuan, Ching-Hong Yang, Chenyang He
Flagellin glycosylation plays crucial roles in flagellar assembly, motility and virulence in several pathogenic bacteria. However, little is known about the genetic determinants and biological functions of flagellin glycosylation in Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), the causal pathogen of bacterial blight of rice. Here, the structure, regulation and functions of a ten-gene cluster gigX (glycosylation island genes of Xoo), which was embedded in a flagellar regulon were characterized. gigX1 through gigX10, encoded putative enzymes or proteins involved in glycan biosynthesis and transfer, including a nucleotide sugar transaminase, an acyl-carrier protein (ACP), a 3-oxoacyl-ACP synthase, a 3-oxoacyl-ACP reductase, a dehydrogenase, an acetyltransferase, a ring hydroxylating dioxygenase, a hypothetical protein, a methyltransferanse, and a glycosyltransferase, respectively...
February 18, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
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