keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Behaviour analysis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452228/a-bach2-gene-variant-is-associated-with-postoperative-recurrence-of-crohn-s-disease
#1
Michael R Laffin, Richard N Fedorak, Eytan Wine, Bryan Dicken, Karen L Madsen
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease often requires intestinal resection, which is not considered curative. Repeat surgical intervention is necessary in over half of the patients following their initial operation. Although many genetic loci are implicated in Crohn's disease, few have been associated with post-resection recurrence. STUDY DESIGN: A cohort of Crohn's disease subjects who underwent intestinal resection was analyzed to determine genetic and clinical factors associated with post-resection recurrence...
February 13, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450764/impact-of-well-being-interventions-for-siblings-of-children-and-young-people-with-a-chronic-physical-or-mental-health-condition-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Mhairi McKenzie Smith, Snehal Pinto Pereira, Lynette Chan, Charlotte Rose, Roz Shafran
Siblings of children and young people with a chronic illness are at increased risk of poor psychological functioning. A number of studies have attempted to implement and evaluate interventions targeting the psychological well-being of this at-risk group. This systematic review summarises the evidence regarding psychological functioning of siblings following an intervention targeting their well-being. The meta-analysis considered behaviour and knowledge, two of the most frequently studied outcomes. The following databases were used: PsycINFO, EMBASE, CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449789/factors-associated-with-prescribing-costs-analysis-of-a-nationwide-administrative-database
#3
O Hirsch, M Schulz, M Erhart, N Donner-Banzhoff
Objective: All health care systems in the world struggle with rising costs for drugs. We sought to explore factors impacting on prescribing costs in a nationwide database of ambulatory care in Germany. Factors identified by this research can be used for adjustment in future profiling efforts. Methods: We analysed nationwide prescription data of physicians having contractual relationships with statutory health insurance funds in 2014. Predictor and outcome variables were aggregated at the practice level...
2018: Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation: C/E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449560/knockout-of-zebrafish-interleukin-7-receptor-il7r-by-the-crispr-cas9-system-delays-retinal-neurodevelopment
#4
Shijiao Cai, Yang Chen, Yue Shang, Jianlin Cui, Zongjin Li, Yuhao Li
Interleukin 7 receptor (il7r), a transmembrane receptor, belongs to the type I cytokine receptor family. Il7r is involved in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders, such as multiple sclerosis. Targeted knockdown of il7r leads to delayed myelination, highlighting the potential role of il7r in the development of the nervous system. Zebrafish is an ideal model for the study of neurogenesis; moreover, the il7r gene is highly conserved between zebrafish and human. The aim of the present study was to investigate the novel function of il7r in neurogenesis...
February 15, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449292/cost-effectiveness-of-a-community-delivered-multicomponent-intervention-compared-with-enhanced-standard-care-of-obese-adolescents-cost-utility-analysis-alongside-a-randomised-controlled-trial-the-help-trial
#5
Monica Panca, Deborah Christie, Tim J Cole, Silvia Costa, John Gregson, Rebecca Holt, Lee D Hudson, Anthony S Kessel, Sanjay Kinra, Anne Mathiot, Irwin Nazareth, Jay Wataranan, Ian Chi Kei Wong, Russell M Viner, Stephen Morris
OBJECTIVE: To undertake a cost-utility analysis of a motivational multicomponent lifestyle-modification intervention in a community setting (the Healthy Eating Lifestyle Programme (HELP)) compared with enhanced standard care. DESIGN: Cost-utility analysis alongside a randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Community settings in Greater London, England. PARTICIPANTS: 174 young people with obesity aged 12-19 years. INTERVENTIONS: Intervention participants received 12 one-to-one sessions across 6 months, addressing lifestyle behaviours and focusing on motivation to change and self-esteem rather than weight change, delivered by trained graduate health workers in community settings...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449219/interventions-to-reduce-sedentary-behaviour-in-0-5-year-olds-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#6
Katherine L Downing, Jill A Hnatiuk, Trina Hinkley, Jo Salmon, Kylie D Hesketh
AIM OR OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of behavioural interventions that report sedentary behaviour outcomes during early childhood. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Academic Search Complete, CINAHL Complete, Global Health, MEDLINE Complete, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus with Full Text and EMBASE electronic databases were searched in March 2016. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Inclusion criteria were: (1) published in a peer-reviewed English language journal; (2) sedentary behaviour outcomes reported; (3) randomised controlled trial (RCT) study design; and (4) participants were children with a mean age of ≤5...
March 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448972/bullying-and-sexual-harassment-of-junior-doctors-in-new-south-wales-australia-rate-and-reporting-outcomes
#7
Anthony Llewellyn, Aspasia Karageorge, Louise Nash, Wenlong Li, Dennis Neuen
Objective The aim of this study was to describe rates of exposure to bullying and sexual harassment in junior doctors in first- or second-year prevocational medical training (PGY1 or PGY2 respectively) positions in New South Wales (NSW) and the Australian Capital Territory (ACT), and to explore the types of actions taken in response. Methods A cross-sectional survey of junior doctors in PGY1 or PGY2 positions was undertaken in 2015 and 2016 (n=374 and 440 respectively). Thematic analysis was undertaken on free-text responses to describe the reporting process and outcomes in more depth...
February 16, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448629/synthesis-and-characterization-of-calcium-phosphate-ceramic-poly-vinyl-alcohol-polycaprolactone-bilayer-nanocomposites-a-bone-tissue-regeneration-scaffold
#8
S Uma Maheshwari, K Govindan, M Raja, A Raja, M B S Pravin, S Vasanth Kumar
β Tricalcium phosphate ceramic was used to reinforce nanofibers in composite mats produced via electrospinning of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA), polycaprolactone (PCL) and (PVA: PCL) bilayers. The role of TCP ceramic on morphology of nanocomposites, crystalline structure, functional groups and thermal behaviour of nanocomposites were characterized by SEM, EDAX, XRD, FTIR and DSC analysis. Ultrathin cross-sections of the obtained nanocomposites were morphologically investigated with SEM and all fabricated composites consisted of fibers with average fiber diameter (AFD) around 100 nm except PCL-TCP fibers having AFD in the range of 608 nm...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448515/polyalkylene-glycol-based-lubricants-and-tribological-behaviour-role-of-ionic-liquids-and-graphene-oxide-as-additives
#9
Adolfo Senatore, Mario Pisaturo, Domenico Guida
The polyalkylene glycol (PAG) lubricants are widely used as gear, bearing and compressor oils in refrigerant systems. They are designed to provide outstanding benefits in terms of efficiency, long oil life, and equipment protection. These fully synthetic lubricants have been developed for use under operating conditions beyond the capabilities of other synthetic lubricants and mineral oils as their characteristic low pour point ensures excellent fluidity at low-temperature. On the other hand, the main drawback of PAG oils is the marked hygroscopicity, i...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448225/a-dye-sensitized-solar-cell-acting-as-the-electrical-reading-box-of-an-immunosensor-application-to-cea-determination
#10
Liliana A A N A Truta, Felismina T C Moreira, M Goreti F Sales
Monitoring cancer biomarkers in biological fluids has become a key tool for disease diagnosis, which should be of easy access anywhere in the world. The possibility of reducing basic requirements in the field of electrochemical biosensing may open doors in this direction. This work proposes for this purpose an innovative electrochemical immunosensing system using a photovoltaic cell as an electrical reading box. Immunosensing ensures accuracy, the electrochemical-ground of the device ensures sensitivity and detectability, and the photovoltaic cell drives the system towards electrical autonomy...
February 7, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447613/-who-ll-do-all-these-if-i-m-not-around-bonding-social-capital-and-health-and-well-being-of-inpatients
#11
Padmore Adusei Amoah, Adwoa Owusuaa Koduah, Razak Mohammed Gyasi
PURPOSE: Although social capital influences health-related decisions and behavioural patterns in many developing countries, minimal attention has been paid to the nuances of its effect on healthcare. This paper examines how bonding social capital affects healthcare delivery for inpatients in Ghana. METHODS: Semi-structured in-depth interviews were used and thematic analysis method employed to analyse the data. Interviews were conducted with health professionals and relatives and close friends of inpatients in three public health facilities in Ashanti region...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447289/correlates-of-self-harm-and-suicide-attempts-in-justice-involved-young-people
#12
Stephane Shepherd, Benjamin Spivak, Rohan Borschmann, Stuart A Kinner, Henning Hachtel
The purpose of this study was to ascertain the prevalence and correlates of self-harm among young people in detention in Australia. The sample included 215 (177 male; 38 female) young people who were in youth detention in the state of Victoria, Australia. Participants were administered a series of questionnaires related to self-harm, mental health, socio-environmental experiences and behaviours. Overall, one-third (33%) of the sample reported previous self-harm and 12% reported at least one suicide attempt...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447153/a-model-of-risk-and-mental-state-shifts-during-social-interaction
#13
Andreas Hula, Iris Vilares, Terry Lohrenz, Peter Dayan, P Read Montague
Cooperation and competition between human players in repeated microeconomic games offer a window onto social phenomena such as the establishment, breakdown and repair of trust. However, although a suitable starting point for the quantitative analysis of such games exists, namely the Interactive Partially Observable Markov Decision Process (I-POMDP), computational considerations and structural limitations have limited its application, and left unmodelled critical features of behavior in a canonical trust task...
February 15, 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446700/an-interview-informed-synthesized-contingency-analysis-to-inform-the-treatment-of-challenging-behavior-in-a-young-child-with-autism
#14
Ciara Herman, Olive Healy, Sinéad Lydon
PURPOSE: Experimental Functional analysis (EFA) is considered the "gold standard" of behavioural assessment and its use is predictive of treatment success. However, EFA has a number of limitations including its lengthy nature, the high level of expertise required, and the reinforcement of challenging behaviour. This study aimed to further validate a novel interview-informed synthesised contingency analysis (IISCA). METHODS: An open-ended interview and brief direct observation informed an IISCA for a young boy with autism who engaged in challenging behaviour...
February 15, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446450/comparison-of-physical-chewing-measures-to-consumer-typed-mouth-behaviour
#15
Arran Wilson, Melissa Jeltema, Marco P Morgenstern, Lidia Motoi, Esther Kim, Duncan Hedderley
The purpose of this study was to investigate the hypotheses that when presented with foods that could be chewed in different ways, 1) are participants jaw movements and chewing sequence measures correlated with Mouth Behaviour (MB) group, as measured by the JBMB® typing tool? 2) can Mouth Behaviour group membership can be predicted from jaw movement and chewing sequence measures? One hundred subjects (69 female and 31 male, mean age 27 ± 7.7 years) were given four different foods (Mentos®, Walkers®, Cheetos® Puffs, Twix®) and video recordings of their jaw movements made...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445942/market-structure-and-competition-in-the-healthcare-industry-results-from-a-transition-economy
#16
Martin Lábaj, Peter Silanič, Christoph Weiss, Biliana Yontcheva
The present paper provides first empirical evidence on the relationship between market size and the number of firms in the healthcare industry for a transition economy. We estimate market-size thresholds required to support different numbers of suppliers (firms) for three occupations in the healthcare industry in a large number of distinct geographic markets in Slovakia, taking into account the spatial interaction between local markets. The empirical analysis is carried out for three time periods (1995, 2001 and 2010) which characterise different stages of the transition process...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445408/needs-and-preferences-of-women-users-of-oral-contraceptives-in-selected-countries-in-central-and-eastern-europe
#17
Tomas Fait, Dmitry Buryak, Monica-Mihaela Cirstoiu, Eva Luczai, Rafal Janczura
Background: The availability of various oral contraceptive (OC) pill formulations with different hormone compositions suggests that there is potential to align a particular product with an individual user's needs and preferences. To explore this concept further, a survey was conducted of current users of OCs to define and confirm areas of specific needs, and to gain insight into their views and preferences for OC formulations. Methods: During November and December 2015, women users (n=615) of OCs in five Central and Eastern European countries were surveyed in face-to-face interviews conducted by experienced interviewers...
2018: Drugs in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445117/transitional-correlation-between-inner-membrane-potential-and-atp-levels-of-neuronal-mitochondria
#18
R Suzuki, K Hotta, K Oka
The importance of highly active mitochondria and their contribution to neuronal function has been of recent interest. In most cases, however, mitochondrial activity is estimated using measurements of mitochondrial inner membrane potential (IMP mito ), and little is known about the dynamics of native mitochondrial ATP (ATP mito ). This study conducted simultaneous imaging of IMP mito and ATP mito in neurons to explore their behaviour and their correlation during physiological mitochondrial/neuronal activity...
February 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445024/quantitative-analysis-of-the-complete-larval-settlement-process-confirms-crisp-s-model-of-surface-selectivity-by-barnacles
#19
Nick Aldred, Ahmad Alsaab, Anthony S Clare
For barnacle cypris larvae at the point of settlement, selection of an appropriate surface is critical. Since post-settlement relocation is usually impossible, barnacles have evolved finely tuned surface-sensing capabilities to identify suitable substrata, and a temporary adhesion system for extensive surface exploration. The pattern of exploratory behaviour appears complex and may last for several hours, imposing significant barriers to quantitative measurement. Here, we employ a novel tracking system that enables simultaneous analysis of the larval body movement of multiple individuals over their entire planktonic phase...
February 14, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445011/understanding-veterinary-leadership-in-practice
#20
Caroline Elizabeth Pearson, Allan J Butler, Yaqub Paul Murray
The Vet Futures Report has identified 'exceptional leadership' as a key ambition for the long-term sustainability of the industry. This research investigates what it is like to be a veterinary surgeon in an in-practice leadership position, applying the qualitative methodology of interpretative phenomenological analysis. Through the researchers' interpretation of the seven participants' stories of their leadership experiences, the study advances understanding of the work environment, underlying motivations and the perceived responsibilities of veterinary leaders...
February 14, 2018: Veterinary Record
keyword
keyword
29291
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"