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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905905/prevalence-and-co-occurrence-of-compulsive-buying-problematic-internet-and-mobile-phone-use-in-college-students-in-yantai-china-relevance-of-self-traits
#1
Zhaocai Jiang, Mingyan Shi
BACKGROUND: Until now, most research in the prevalence of compulsive buying (CB) has been developed from samples in western developed countries, this study aimed to estimate the prevalence and co-morbidities of CB, problematic Internet use (PIU) and problematic mobile phone use (PMPU) in college students in Yantai, China. Moreover, based on the lack of research focusing on differences between CB and addiction, we will explore whether CB and PIU/PMPU individuals are characterized by the same self-traits (i...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905255/rumination-and-self-reflection-in-stress-narratives-and-relations-to-psychological-functioning
#2
Kelly A Marin, Elena K Rotondo
The longitudinal study aims to expand what is known about the costs and benefits of narrating stressful experiences by exploring changes in rumination within the narrative process and comparing it to changes in self-reflection. Rumination (e.g., brooding, self-criticism, and negative emotions) and self-reflection were measured in stress narratives of 56 college students. There were several goals: (1) examine changes in narrative rumination and narrative self-reflection over 3 days of writing, (2) examine the relations among the changes in narrative rumination variables and narrative self-reflection and (3) examine how changes in narrative rumination and narrative self-reflection relate to multiple measures of psychological functioning...
January 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902543/associations-of-anthropometric-behavioral-and-social-factors-on-level-of-body-esteem-in-peripubertal-girls
#3
Elizabeth A Szamreta, Bo Qin, Pamela A Ohman-Strickland, Katie A Devine, Jerod L Stapleton, Jeanne M Ferrante, Elisa V Bandera
OBJECTIVE: Lower body esteem may decrease self-esteem and lead to adverse health effects in children. This study explored the role of anthropometric, behavioral, and social factors on body esteem in peripubertal girls. METHOD: We evaluated associations of body esteem (measured by the Revised Body Esteem Scale) with body mass index (BMI), mother's BMI, puberty, physical activity, role models for appearance, and screen time among girls (ages 9 and 10) participating in the Jersey Girl Study (n = 120)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901518/life-events-substance-use-psychological-distress-and-quality-of-life-in-male-and-female-french-gamblers
#4
Ce Line Bonnaire, Vivianne Kovess, Romain Guignard, Jean-Baptiste Richard, Enguerrand Du-Roscoat, Franc Ois Beck
BACKGROUND: Most studies on substance use, psychological distress, quality of life (QoL), and life events among gamblers are carried out on pathological gamblers seeking treatment, and sex differences are rarely investigated. The aim of this study was to explore the potential male-female differences in the relationship between these variables in a nationally representative French sample. METHODS: Three hundred thirty-two problem gamblers (PGs) and 25,314 non-problem gamblers or non-gamblers (NPGs) were evaluated for sociodemographic variables, gambling behavior, substance use, QoL, and life events...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901221/anxiety-depression-resilience-and-self-esteem-in-individuals-with-cardiovascular-diseases
#5
Isabela Gonzales Carvalho, Eduarda Dos Santos Bertolli, Luciana Paiva, Lidia Aparecida Rossi, Rosana Aparecida Spadoti Dantas, Daniele Alcalá Pompeo
Objectives: to analyze the relationship between anxiety and depression symptoms, resilience and self-esteem with sociodemographic and clinical characteristics; correlate resilience and self-esteem with age and duration of the disease; check associations between anxiety and depression with measures of resilience and self-esteem among individuals with cardiovascular diseases. Method: correlational study conducted in a large university hospital in the interior of the state of São Paulo, Brazil...
November 28, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899540/the-1-minute-sit-to-stand-test-in-adults-with-cystic-fibrosis-correlations-with-cardiopulmonary-exercise-test-6-minute-walk-test-and-quadriceps-strength
#6
Mathieu Gruet, Leonardo Alexandre Peyré-Tartaruga, Laurent Mely, Jean-Marc Vallier
BACKGROUND: Exercise testing is part of the regular assessment of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). We aimed to evaluate (1) the convergent validity of the 1-min sit-to-stand (STS) test in CF by investigating its relationships with peak oxygen uptake (peak V̇O2 ), quadriceps strength, and quality of life and (2) to compare these associations with those of the 6-min walk test (6MWT). METHODS: Twenty-five adults with CF (FEV1 = 59 ± 24%) performed the STS test, the 6MWT, quadriceps strength assessment, and cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET)...
December 2016: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895611/instructional-changes-adopted-for-an-engineering-course-cluster-analysis-on-academic-failure
#7
José A Álvarez-Bermejo, Luis J Belmonte-Ureña, África Martos-Martínez, Ana B Barragán-Martín, María M Simón-Márquez
As first year students come from diverse backgrounds, basic skills should be accessible to everyone as soon as possible. Transferring such skills to these students is challenging, especially in highly technical courses. Ensuring that essential knowledge is acquired quickly promotes the student's self-esteem and may positively influence failure rates. Metaphors can help do this. Metaphors are used to understand the unknown. This paper shows how we made a turn in student learning at the University of Almeria...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893745/public-stigma-against-people-with-mental-illness-in-jimma-town-southwest-ethiopia
#8
Yared Reta, Markos Tesfaye, Eshetu Girma, Sandra Dehning, Kristina Adorjan
BACKGROUND: Stigma towards people with mental illness (PWMI) can result in low self-esteem and isolation and threaten employment. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the magnitude of public stigma against PWMI and factors associated with it among Jimma town residents. METHODS: A community-based, cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted in adult residents of Jimma town. Data were collected among 820 randomly selected residents with the interviewer-administered Community Attitudes toward the Mentally Ill (CAMI) scale...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893579/the-psychological-impact-of-first-burn-camp-in-nicaragua
#9
Lisa L Tropez-Arceneaux, Arlen Tatiana Castillo Alaniz, Ivette Lucia Icaza, Eevelyn Alejandra Murillo
Asociacion Pro-Ninos Quemados de Nicaragua (APROQUEN) is a comprehensive burn center that provides a holistic and integrated approach to treating burns. APROQUEN has set the standards internationally with acute treatment for burns, intensive care, reconstructive surgeries, nutritional care, rehabilitation, occupational therapy, and psychological treatment. APROQUEN is excelling within Central and South America with life-saving techniques and quality of care. It is imperative that burn centers in Central America recognize that the treatment of a child with a burn injury surpasses physical care to include psychological treatment for the complete well-being of the child...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891420/suboptimal-performance-in-cleft-lip-palate-children-who-is-responsible
#10
Bhavana B Lakhkar
Information in this article is from an observational study comparing intelligence in children with cleft lip and palate with normal children. Both groups performed "draw a man test", the investigator noted the attitude and behaviour of children and their parents. The study shows low, but normal intelligence quotient in children with oral defects as compared to normal. The probable reason for sub-normal performance appeared to be overprotective attitude of parents and poor self esteem of children with oral defects...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891334/life-orientation-test-revised-lot-r-versus-academic-score-in-various-first-year-health-professional-students
#11
Puja Dulloo, Neeraj Vedi, Achleshwar Gandotra
INTRODUCTION: Health field per se requires mental, physical and psychological steadiness and wellbeing. In modern times decline in psychological and physical health has been observed in student after admission in health education program. Factors like perfectionism, self-esteem, personal and professional consequence have affected their academic score directly or indirectly. Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) instrument measures optimism in relation to self-esteem of individual. A better score will show more confidence level of the student...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891108/the-mediating-role-of-psychological-adjustment-between-peer-victimization-and-social-adjustment-in-adolescence
#12
Eva M Romera, Olga Gómez-Ortiz, Rosario Ortega-Ruiz
There is extensive scientific evidence of the serious psychological and social effects that peer victimization may have on students, among them internalizing problems such as anxiety or negative self-esteem, difficulties related to low self-efficacy and lower levels of social adjustment. Although a direct relationship has been observed between victimization and these effects, it has not yet been analyzed whether there is a relationship of interdependence between all these measures of psychosocial adjustment...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891107/internet-communication-disorder-it-s-a-matter-of-social-aspects-coping-and-internet-use-expectancies
#13
Elisa Wegmann, Matthias Brand
Online communication applications such as Facebook, WhatsApp, and Twitter are some of the most frequently used Internet applications. There is a growing amount of individuals suffering diminished control over their use of online communication applications which leads to diverse negative consequences in offline life. This could be referred to as Internet-communication disorder (ICD). The current study investigates the role of individual characteristics (e.g., psychopathological symptoms, feelings of loneliness) and specific cognitions...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888954/the-effect-of-internalized-stigma-on-the-self-esteem-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#14
Sibel Asi Karakaş, Ayşe Okanlı, Emine Yılmaz
AIM: This study has been conducted to determine the relationship between internalized stigma and self-esteem in patients with schizophrenia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted using 60 patients with schizophrenia who were diagnosed as schizophrenic according to the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria in the psychiatric clinics of hospitals in Erzurum. The data were collected using the "Questionnaire on Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness Scale" (ISMI) that determines the socio-demographic characteristics of patients, and the "Short Form of Self-Esteem Scale" (SF-SES)...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884050/taking-the-sweetness-out-of-the-share-a-coke-marketing-campaign-the-influence-of-personalized-labelling-on-elementary-school-children-s-bottled-drink-choices
#15
F McDarby, D O'Hora, D O'Shea, M Byrne
BACKGROUND: Drink personalization (featuring names on bottle labels) has been used by soft drink companies to make their drinks attractive to children, potentially increasing consumption. To date, no publically available research has evaluated the influence of personalization on children's drink choices. OBJECTIVES: To determine (i) whether personalizing bottled drinks influences children's drink choices; (ii) whether it is comparably effective in promoting healthy and unhealthy drinks and (iii) whether drink choices are affected by self-esteem, body mass index and parental factors...
November 24, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882458/personal-identity-development-in-hispanic-immigrant-adolescents-links-with-positive-psychosocial-functioning-depressive-symptoms-and-externalizing-problems
#16
Seth J Schwartz, Jennifer B Unger, Alan Meca, Elma I Lorenzo-Blanco, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Miguel Ángel Cano, Brandy Piña-Watson, José Szapocznik, Byron L Zamboanga, David Córdova, Andrea J Romero, Tae Kyoung Lee, Daniel W Soto, Juan A Villamar, Karina M Lizzi, Sabrina E Des Rosiers, Monica Pattarroyo
The present study was designed to examine trajectories of personal identity coherence and confusion among Hispanic recent-immigrant adolescents, as well as the effects of these trajectories on psychosocial and risk-taking outcomes. Personal identity is extremely important in anchoring young immigrants during a time of acute cultural change. A sample of 302 recently immigrated (5 years or less in the United States at baseline) Hispanic adolescents (Mage = 14.51 years at baseline; SD = 0.88 years, range 14-17) from Miami and Los Angeles (47 % girls) completed measures of personal identity coherence and confusion at the first five waves of a six-wave longitudinal study; and reported on positive psychosocial functioning, depressive symptoms, and externalizing problems at baseline and at Time 6...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881930/psychological-consequences-of-childhood-obesity-psychiatric-comorbidity-and-prevention
#17
REVIEW
Jean Rankin, Lynsay Matthews, Stephen Cobley, Ahreum Han, Ross Sanders, Huw D Wiltshire, Julien S Baker
Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century with far-reaching and enduring adverse consequences for health outcomes. Over 42 million children <5 years worldwide are estimated to be overweight (OW) or obese (OB), and if current trends continue, then an estimated 70 million children will be OW or OB by 2025. The purpose of this review was to focus on psychiatric, psychological, and psychosocial consequences of childhood obesity (OBy) to include a broad range of international studies...
2016: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881357/social-networking-sites-depression-and-anxiety-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Elizabeth M Seabrook, Margaret L Kern, Nikki S Rickard
BACKGROUND: Social networking sites (SNSs) have become a pervasive part of modern culture, which may also affect mental health. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to identify and summarize research examining depression and anxiety in the context of SNSs. It also aimed to identify studies that complement the assessment of mental illness with measures of well-being and examine moderators and mediators that add to the complexity of this environment. METHODS: A multidatabase search was performed...
November 23, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880619/experiencing-an-intimate-partner-s-breast-cancer-attachment-caregiving-and-burden-in-men
#19
Marisa Ávila, Tânia Brandão, Joaquim Luís Coimbra, Frederick Lopez, Paula Mena Matos
OBJECTIVE: This study examined interrelationships among adult attachment orientations, caregiving, and caregiver burden in men of female partners with breast cancer, and tested whether caregiving patterns mediated associations between men's attachment orientations and their self-reported caregiver burden. METHOD: The participants were 124 male partners of women with breast cancer. These participants completed assessments related to attachment, caregiving, and caregiver burden...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879587/psychological-outcomes-of-labiaplasty-a-prospective-study
#20
Gemma Sharp, Marika Tiggemann, Julie Mattiske
BACKGROUND: Although the demand for labiaplasty has increased rapidly over the past decade, little is known about the psychological outcomes of this procedure. In particular, there is a lack of prospective controlled studies to assess the effects of labiaplasty on women's psychological well-being and intimate relationship quality. Nor has research investigated whether preoperative patient characteristics predict satisfaction with surgery. METHODS: The current study used a prospective controlled design...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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