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Self esteem

Masashi Mizuno, Sosei Yamaguchi, Ayano Taneda, Hiroaki Hori, Ayako Aikawa, Chiyo Fujii
AIM: The study aimed to develop two Japanese versions of King's Stigma Scale, a full version (version.1) and a short version (version.2), through psychometric property testing. METHODS: The sample included 112 people with mental illness. We tested the constructs of the scales using both confirmatory and exploratory factor analyses. Internal consistency and test-retest reliability were tested. We examined convergent validity with self-esteem or perceived stigma, and different group validity, using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6)...
October 24, 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Holger Cramer, Meral Sushila Thoms, Dennis Anheyer, Romy Lauche, Gustav Dobos
BACKGROUND: Abdominal obesity is a major risk factor for morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of yoga on waist circumference and other anthropometric and self-reported variables in women with abdominal obesity. METHODS: 60 women with abdominal obesity (waist circumference ≥ 88 cm; body-mass index [BMI] ≥ 25) were randomly allocated in a 2:1 ratio to either a 12-week yoga intervention (n = 40) or a waiting list (n = 20)...
September 30, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Alfonso Osorio, Marta González-Cámara
BACKGROUND: While international studies have reported the superiority of the authoritative style (which combines parental involvement with demandingness), some studies in Spain and in other countries have found that the indulgent style (involvement without demandingness) might be just as good or even better. This study aims to discern whether the differences are cultural or methodological. METHOD: 306 adolescents from high schools in Madrid and Valencia (Spain) answered a questionnaire that included two parenting style instruments (SOC-30 and PSI), together with a self-esteem scale (AF5) and a question on academic performance...
November 2016: Psicothema
Thanos Karatzias, Mark Shevlin, Claire Fyvie, Philip Hyland, Erifili Efthymiadou, Danielle Wilson, Neil Roberts, Jonathan I Bisson, Chris R Brewin, Marylene Cloitre
Among the conditions following exposure to traumatic life events proposed by ICD-11 are Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Complex PTSD (CPTSD). The primary aim of this study was to provide an assessment of the reliability and validity of a newly developed self-report measure of ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD: the ICD-11 Trauma Questionnaire (ICD-TQ). Participants in this study were a sample of individuals who were referred for psychological therapy to a National Health Service (NHS) trauma centre in Scotland (N=193)...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Lucie Gailledrat, Morgane Rousselet, Jean-Luc Venisse, Sylvain Lambert, Bruno Rocher, Manon Remaud, Alice Guilleux, Anne Sauvaget, Emeline Eyzop, Marie Grall-Bronnec
Concerns about body shape and weight are core diagnostic criteria for eating disorders although intensity varies between patients. Few studies have focused on the clinical differences relative to the intensity of these concerns. Nonetheless, they might have a prognostic value. This study was aimed at identifying the characteristics associated with marked body shape concerns in patients with an eating disorder. Data was collected from a systematic and standardized clinical assessment of outpatients seeking treatment in our department for eating disorders...
2016: PloS One
P Bragagnini Rodríguez, N Álvarez García, Y González Ruiz, M Ruiz de Temiño, R Escartín Villacampa, N González Martínez-Pardo
OBJECIVE: Hypertrophy of labia minora in adolescence is a little known disease. However, the growing demand for the solution of this problem pushes us to include it in our clinical practice. We evaluated the aesthetic and functional results of labiaplasty using straight amputation of the protuberant tissue of the labial edges. METHODS: Patients treated by hypertrophy of labia minora were reviewed. We evaluated the results of aesthetic, functional and surgical complications...
October 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
Stig Evensen, Torill Ueland, June Ullevoldsæter Lystad, Helen Bull, Ole Klungsøyr, Egil W Martinsen, Erik Falkum
BACKGROUND: Employment is an important part of recovery for individuals with schizophrenia. The employment rate for this group is as low as 10% in Norway, and major system related barriers to employment are evident. AIMS: This study reports the competitive employment outcome at 2-year follow-up of a vocational rehabilitation study augmented with cognitive remediation (CR) or elements from cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders...
October 24, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Elma I Lorenzo-Blanco, Alan Meca, Jennifer B Unger, Andrea Romero, José Szapocznik, Brandy Piña-Watson, Miguel Ángel Cano, Byron L Zamboanga, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Sabrina E Des Rosiers, Daniel W Soto, Juan A Villamar, Karina M Lizzi, Monica Pattarroyo, Seth J Schwartz
U.S. Latino parents can face cultural stressors in the form of acculturative stress, perceived discrimination, and a negative context of reception. It stands to reason that these cultural stressors may negatively impact Latino youth's emotional well-being and health risk behaviors by increasing parents' depressive symptoms and compromising the overall functioning of the family. To test this possibility, we analyzed data from a six-wave longitudinal study with 302 recently immigrated (<5 years in the United States) Latino parents (74% mothers, Mage  = 41...
October 23, 2016: Family Process
Katie M Edwards, Victoria L Banyard, Elizabeth A Moschella, Katherine M Seavey
This study qualitatively examined rural emerging adults' ways of thinking (i.e., lay theories) about the causes of intimate partner violence (IPV) and ideas on how to prevent IPV most effectively. Participants were 74 individuals (majority Caucasian, heterosexual, low income) between the ages of 18 and 24 who resided in one of 16 rural communities. Participants' perceptions of the causes of IPV included (a) individual-level pathology, stress, and lack of education; (b) intergenerational transmission of violence and early-life factors; (c) relationship stressors and challenges; and (d) community factors...
October 24, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
Monique Jenkins, Carol F Roye, Keville Frederickson
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of the lived experiences of underserved minority sexually active teenaged girls' successful avoidance of unwanted pregnancy. DESIGN AND METHOD: Merleau-Ponty's methodology and van Manen's method of doing phenomenological research guided and facilitated the process of the study. 7 participants were eligible and all of them were interviewed for this study. RESULTS: Six main themes were identified: sense of emotional safety; sense of being free from a potential pregnancy; feeling supported by family and friends; connections built on trust and communication; regard for self through self-esteem and self-confidence; and sense of having life goals...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Barbara Krahé, Anja Berger
This study aimed to examine the pathways from child sexual abuse to sexual assault victimization and perpetration in adolescence and early adulthood, considering risky sexual behavior and lowered sexual self-esteem as mediator variables. In a two-wave longitudinal study with 2251 college students in Germany, male and female participants provided reports of sexual aggression victimization and perpetration since age 14 (T1) and again a year later (T2), covering the last 12 months. In addition, child sexual abuse (CSA; before the age of 14), risky sexual behavior, and sexual self-esteem were assessed at T1, and risky sexual behavior and sexual-self-esteem were assessed again at T2...
October 19, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
Alessandro Innocenti, Sara Tanini, F Mori, D Melita, M Innocenti
INTRODUCTION: Genitalia are linked to self-esteem and male sexual identity, especially among young men, who sometimes require a surgical procedure to acquire more confidence. Among the surgical procedures requested for aesthetical purposes, circumcision is one of the most popular. Although it can be considered to be a simple surgical practice, it may cause severe complications such as penile skin necrosis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a catastrophic situation after a circumcision performed on a 27-year-old HIV positive man resulted in a drastic reduction in the length of the penile shaft due to extensive skin loss; this was subsequently restored using dartos-fascio-myo-cutaneous flaps...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Ruca Maass, Christian A Kloeckner, Bengt Lindstrøm, Monica Lillefjell
Neighborhood social capital has repeatedly been linked to favorable health-outcomes and life satisfaction. However, it has been questioned whether it's impact on health has been over-rated. We aim to investigate relationships between neighborhood social capital and self-rated health (SRH) and life satisfaction (LS) respectively, both directly and indirectly mediated via Sense of Coherence and self-esteem. Based on a cross-sectional population-survey (N=865) in a medium size Norwegian municipality, we specified a structural equation model (SEM) including the above-listed variables, while controlling for gender, age, education, income, and employment status...
October 19, 2016: Health & Place
Fabrice Kwiatkowski, Pascal Dessenne, Claire Laquet, Jean-Pierre Daures, Mathilde Gay-Bellile, Yves-Jean Bignon
BACKGROUND: Young women exposed to a high hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) risk are particularly vulnerable. They are ignored by health prevention measures but exposed to a stream of contradictory information (medicine, media, Internet). They may feel concerned about surgical prevention issues at a key moment of their identity construction (self, relationship, sexuality). We designed a special psychoeducational intervention to help these women cope better with these difficulties...
October 21, 2016: Trials
Hanna F Skjåkødegård, Yngvild S Danielsen, Mette Morken, Sara-Rebekka F Linde, Rachel P Kolko, Katherine N Balantekin, Denise E Wilfley, Pétur B Júlíusson
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the FABO-study is to evaluate the effect of family-based behavioral social facilitation treatment (FBSFT), designed to target children's family and social support networks to enhance weight loss outcomes, compared to the standard treatment (treatment as usual, TAU) given to children and adolescents with obesity in a routine clinical practice. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial (RCT), in which families (n = 120) are recruited from the children and adolescents (ages 6-18 years) referred to the Obesity Outpatient Clinic (OOC), Haukeland University Hospital, Norway...
October 21, 2016: BMC Public Health
Nasim Bahrami, Masoumeh Sibmar, William M Bukowski, AbouAli Vedadhir, Bianca Panarello
AIM: The aim of this study was to identify factors that promote and impede other-sex (OS) friendships in adolescent girls. METHODS: A qualitative study conducted with 20 adolescent girls recruited in public places in Tehran, Iran. Information was collected through semi-structured interviews and coded via the conventional qualitative content analysis approach. RESULTS: Four factors were identified that appeared to promote entry into OS friendships...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Mona Agel
Data sourcesPubMed, Embase, Ebsco/PsycInfo, Ebsco/CINAHL and ISI/Web of Science databases.Study selectionStudies that evaluated the association between the psychosocial correlates and oral hygiene behaviour varying from self-reports to clinical measurements, including plaque and bleeding scores were considered.Data extraction and synthesisTwo reviewers independently selected studies, abstracted data and assessed study quality using a modified version of the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale.ResultsTwenty-four studies were included providing 31 datasets...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
Mario Miniati, Antonella Benvenuti, Elena Bologna, Alessandra Maglio, Biagio Cotugno, Gabriele Massimetti, Simona Calugi, Mauro Mauri, Liliana Dell'Osso
PURPOSE: To investigate the presence of mood spectrum signs and symptoms in patients with anorexia nervosa, restricting subtype (AN-R) or bulimia nervosa (BN). METHOD: 55 consecutive female patients meeting DSM-IV criteria for eating disorders (EDs) not satisfying DSM-IV criteria for Axis I mood disorders were evaluated with the Lifetime Mood Spectrum Self-Report (MOODS-SR) and the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). The MOODS-SR explored the subthreshold comorbidity for mood spectrum symptoms in patients not reaching the threshold for a mood disorder Axis I diagnosis...
October 20, 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Samuel R Chamberlain, Sarah A Redden, Jon E Grant
Excessive calorie intake constitutes a global public health concern, due to its associated range of untoward outcomes. Gambling is commonplace and gambling disorder is now considered a behavioral addiction in DSM-5. The relationships between calorie intake, gambling, and other types of putatively addictive and impulsive behaviors have received virtually no research attention. Two-hundred twenty-five young adults who gamble were recruited from two Mid-Western university communities in the United States using media advertisements...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
Sharifah Intan Zainun Sharif Ishak, Yit Siew Chin, Mohd Nasir Mohd Taib, Zalilah Mohd Shariff
BACKGROUND: Obesity, eating disorders and unhealthy weight-loss practices have been associated with diminished growth in adolescents worldwide. Interventions that address relevant behavioural dimensions have been lacking in Malaysia. This paper describes the protocol of an integrated health education intervention namely 'Eat Right, Be Positive About Your Body and Live Actively' (EPaL), a primary prevention which aimed to promote healthy lifestyle in preventing overweight and disordered eating among secondary school adolescents aged 13-14 years old...
October 20, 2016: BMC Public Health
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