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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724247/persistent-organic-pollutants-and-risk-of-diabetes-and-obesity-on-healthy-adults-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-spain
#1
Luis Alberto Henríquez-Hernández, Octavio P Luzardo, Pilar F Valerón, Manuel Zumbado, Lluis Serra-Majem, María Camacho, Ana González-Antuña, Luis D Boada
Environmental exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) has been reported to be relevant in the population of the Canary Islands (Spain), especially that of organochlorine pesticides. On the other hand, the population of this archipelago presents a high prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D), and it has been recently reported that environmental chemical contamination could play a role in the development of this disease. We performed a cross-sectional study in a representative sample from this archipelago to evaluate whether serum levels of selected POPs could be considered as risk factors for diabetes in this population...
July 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724244/evaluating-mercury-concentrations-and-body-condition-in-american-alligators-alligator-mississippiensis-at-merritt-island-national-wildlife-refuge-minwr-florida
#2
Frances M Nilsen, Jonathan E Dorsey, Russell H Lowers, Louis J Guillette, Stephen E Long, John A Bowden, Tracey B Schock
Concentrations of mercury (Hg) are not well studied in free-ranging wildlife. Atmospheric deposition patterns of Hg have been studied in detail and have been modeled for both global and specific locations and often correlate to environmental impact. However, monitoring the impact of Hg deposition in wildlife is complicated due to local environmental conditions that can affect the transformation of atmospheric Hg to the biologically available forms (e.g., rainfall, humidity, pH, the ability of the environment to methylate Hg), as well as affect the accessibility to organisms for sampling...
July 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724195/thyroxin-use-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-thyroid-cancer-in-patients-with-hypothyroidism
#3
Shih-Han Hung, Shiu-Dong Chung, Herng-Ching Lin
Despite evidence linking thyroxin use and breast cancer, little is known regarding the risk of other cancers with thyroxin use. The purpose of this case-control study was to evaluate the association of thyroid cancer with primary hypothyroidism based on a population-based database. The data for this case-control study were retrieved from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005. We included 1285 patients with thyroid cancer as cases and 3855 sex- and age-matched subjects as controls. We used conditional logistic regression to examine the association of thyroid cancer with previously diagnosed hypothyroidism...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724129/association-of-cost-sharing-with-mental-health-care-use-involuntary-commitment-and-acute-care
#4
Bastian Ravesteijn, Eli B Schachar, Aartjan T F Beekman, Richard T J M Janssen, Patrick P T Jeurissen
Importance: A higher out-of-pocket price for mental health care may lead not only to cost savings but also to negative downstream consequences. Objective: To examine the association of higher patient cost sharing with mental health care use and downstream effects, such as involuntary commitment and acute mental health care use. Design, Setting, and Participants: This difference-in-differences study compared changes in mental health care use by adults, who experienced an increase in cost sharing, with changes in youths, who did not experience the increase and thus formed a control group...
July 19, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724046/breast-cancer-screening-in-brazil-barriers-related-to-the-health-system
#5
René Aloisio da Costa Vieira, Alessandro Formenton, Silvia Regina Bertolini
Objective: Identify factors related to the health system that lead to a late diagnosis of breast cancer in Brazil. Method: We performed a systematic review in the PubMed and LILACS databases using as keywords "Breast cancer," "system of health" and "Brazil or Brasil." We evaluated the content of the articles using the PRISMA methodology based on PICTOS. The final date was 12/16/2015. We were able to identify 94 publications in PubMed and 43 publications in LILACS...
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724036/clinical-pharmacology-profile-of-care-in-hepatology-clinic
#6
Talita Rocha Passos, Fabiana Silva Santos, Maria Cleusa Martins, Vanusa Barbosa Pinto, Flair José Carrilho, Suzane Kioko Ono
Since 2010, the Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology Division of the Central Institute of Hospital das Clínicas of the University of São Paulo Medical School (HC-FMUSP, in the Portuguese acronym) has been developing specialized electives assistance activities in the Outpatient Specialty Clinic, Secondary Level, in São Paulo NGA-63 Várzea do Carmo. The objective of this study was to analyze the pharmacotherapeutic profile of patients. This is a cross-sectional and retrospective study in which patients were seen at the Hepatology sector and the results were submitted to descriptive statistics...
May 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724016/deinstitutionalization-of-long-stay-patients-in-a-psychiatric-hospital-in-rio-de-janeiro
#7
Paulo Roberto Fagundes da Silva, Maria Cecília de Araújo Carvalho, Maria Tavares Cavalcanti, Rodrigo Cunha Echebarrena, Adriana Santos de Mello, Catarina Magalhães Dahl, Débora Bastos de Lima, Flávia Mitkiewicz de Souza
Critical Time Intervention (CTI) is a time-limited mental health intervention offered to people with mental disorders during critical/transition periods. This study assesses the impact of CTI-BR on social performance and quality of life within a population in the process of deinstitutionalization, after long-term hospitalization in a psychiatric institution. The study population was split into two groups, one of which received CTI plus the regular care. Results showed no advantage of the intervention compared to the regular programs provided by the institution...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724014/prescription-medication-by-physiotherapists-a-brazilian-view-of-the-united-kingdom-canada-australia-and-new-zealand
#8
Valton da Silva Costa
Many health systems (HS) have adopted novel models of care which have included non-medical prescription (NMP) by physiotherapists. The aim of this study was to verify in the literature the existence of this practice and its possible benefits. A literature review was carried out through search on Science Direct, PubMed, SciELO, Lilacs and Google Scholar, and in the World Confederation for Physical Therapy and Chartered Society of Physiotherapy websites. In recent decades the United Kingdom adopted the NMP for health professionals, followed by Canada...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724013/interview-inequality-the-key-concept-when-discussing-health-internationally
#9
Gastão Wagner de Souza Campos
Economic, scientific and technological development, and innovation have influence in the inequalities between countries, especially in terms of the differences between their populations' level of health and wellbeing. The phenomenon is see not only between countries, but also within them. How these inequalities can be reduced and how to examine health in the international context are the themes of this interview with Gastão Wagner, President of the Brazilian Collective Health Association (Associação Brasileira de Saúde Coletiva, or Abrasco)...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724007/-mal-nutrition-and-the-new-epidemiological-trend-in-a-context-of-development-and-inequalities
#10
Nathália Paula de Souza, Pedro Israel Cabral de Lira, Annick Fontbonne, Fernanda Cristina de Lima Pinto, Eduarda Ângela Pessoa Cesse
The current context of intense social, economic and political transformations has contributed to changes in the health profile of the population and generated discussions about the impact of these changes on the reorganization of society. At the present moment, the increase in non-communicable illnesses and diseases raises major concerns about the paradox of malnutrition and obesity. Based on an in-depth reading and interpretation of texts, documents and databases, this article discusses issues related to nutrition, considering the dimensions of shortages and excesses, the evolution of nutrition over time, and the connection with the new epidemiological trend...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724005/human-resources-for-health-global-crisis-and-international-cooperation
#11
Gustavo Zoio Portela, Amanda Cavada Fehn, Regina Lucia Sarmento Ungerer, Mario Roberto Dal Poz
From the 1990s onwards, national economies became connected and globalized. Changes in the demographic and epidemiological profile of the population highlighted the need for further discussions and strategies on Human Resources for Health (HRH). The health workforce crisis is a worldwide phenomenon. It includes: difficulties in attracting and retaining health professionals to work in rural and remote areas, poor distribution and high turnover of health staff particularly physicians, poor training of health workforces in new sanitation and demographic conditions and the production of scientific evidence to support HRH decision making, policy management, programs and interventions...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724004/international-cooperation-and-shortage-of-doctors-an-analysis-of-the-interaction-between-brazil-angola-and-cuba
#12
Sandra Mara Campos Alves, Felipe Proenço de Oliveira, Mateus Falcão Martins Matos, Leonor Maria Pacheco Santos, Maria Celia Delduque
The shortage of doctors, especially in remote areas, is a critical issue for the development of national health systems and has thus been the focus of a number of international cooperation projects. An exploratory and qualitative study was conducted to examine cooperation between Brazil, Angola and Cuba. A nonsystematic literature review was conducted of selected open access articles and official documents addressing relevant health cooperation initiatives. Previously selected characteristics of actions designed to redress the shortage of doctors were compared...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723991/health-inequalities-a-global-perspective
#13
Mauricio Lima Barreto
The objective of this article is to present health inequalities as a global problem which afflicts the populations of the poorest countries, but also those of the richest countries, and whose persistence represents one of the most serious and challenging health problems worldwide. Two components of global inequalities are highlighted: inequalities between groups within the same society, and inequalities between nations. The understanding that many of these inequalities are unjust, and therefore inequities, is largely derived from the inequalities that are identified between the various social groups of a given society...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723984/satisfaction-with-nursing-care-in-drug-users-the-evolution-of-a-scale
#14
Paulo Rosário Carvalho Seabra, Luis Octávio Sá, José Joaquim Penedos Amendoeira, Ana Leonor Ribeiro
Objectives: To identify the degree of satisfaction with nursing care, the significant variables and contribute to the evolution of the scale. Methods: Descriptive, correlational, cross study, with 180 drug users. Data collected using the scale called "Satisfaction of users with the Nursing Health Center26", between February and December 2012 in three treatment units in the region of Lisbon and Vale do Tejo, Portugal. Results: Users indicated 83...
July 13, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723965/the-prevalence-and-metabolic-characteristics-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-the-qatari-population
#15
Soha R Dargham, Lina Ahmed, Eric S Kilpatrick, Stephen L Atkin
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in the Qatari population is unknown and hence the estimated impact on the local population cannot be determined. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence and metabolic features of PCOS among Qatari women. DESIGN: Cross sectional analysis. PATIENTS: 3,017 Qatari subjects volunteered to be phenotyped and genotyped for the Qatar Biobank from which all women between the ages of 18-40 years were identified (750)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723959/a-novel-surveillance-approach-for-disaster-mental-health
#16
Oliver Gruebner, Sarah R Lowe, Martin Sykora, Ketan Shankardass, S V Subramanian, Sandro Galea
BACKGROUND: Disasters have substantial consequences for population mental health. Social media data present an opportunity for mental health surveillance after disasters to help identify areas of mental health needs. We aimed to 1) identify specific basic emotions from Twitter for the greater New York City area during Hurricane Sandy, which made landfall on October 29, 2012, and to 2) detect and map spatial temporal clusters representing excess risk of these emotions. METHODS: We applied an advanced sentiment analysis on 344,957 Twitter tweets in the study area over eleven days, from October 22 to November 1, 2012, to extract basic emotions, a space-time scan statistic (SaTScan) and a geographic information system (QGIS) to detect and map excess risk of these emotions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723954/association-between-urinary-biomarkers-of-total-sugars-intake-and-measures-of-obesity-in-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Rachel Campbell, Natasha Tasevska, Kim G Jackson, Virag Sagi-Kiss, Nick di Paolo, Jennifer S Mindell, Susan J Lister, Kay-Tee Khaw, Gunter G C Kuhnle
Obesity is an important modifiable risk factor for chronic diseases. While there is increasing focus on the role of dietary sugars, there remains a paucity of data establishing the association between sugar intake and obesity in the general public. The objective of this study was to investigate associations of estimated sugar intake with odds for obesity in a representative sample of English adults. We used data from 434 participants of the 2005 Health Survey of England. Biomarkers for total sugar intake were measured in 24 h urine samples and used to estimate intake...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723939/assessing-health-related-resiliency-in-hiv-latin-women-preliminary-psychometric-findings
#18
Gladys J Jimenez-Torres, Valerie Wojna, Ernesto Rosario, Rosa Hechevarría, Ada M Alemán-Batista, Miriam Ríos Matos, Alok Madan, Richard L Skolasky, Summer F Acevedo
BACKGROUND: HIV-associated vulnerabilities-especially those linked to psychological issues-and limited mental health-treatment resources have the potential to adversely affect the health statuses of individuals. The concept of resilience has been introduced in the literature to shift the emphasis from vulnerability to protective factors. Resilience, however, is an evolving construct and is measured in various ways, though rarely among underserved, minority populations. Herein, we present the preliminary psychometric properties of a sample of HIV-seropositive Puerto Rican women, measured using a newly developed health-related resilience scale...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723934/the-relationship-between-adiposity-and-bone-density-in-u-s-children-and-adolescents
#19
Cecilia Gállego Suárez, Benjamin H Singer, Achamyeleh Gebremariam, Joyce M Lee, Kanakadurga Singer
OBJECTIVE: In adults, obesity has been associated with several health outcomes including increased bone density. Our objective was to evaluate the association between percent body fat and fat mass with bone mineral density (BMD) in a nationally representative population of children and adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 8,348 participants 8-18 years of age from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2006 had whole body DXA scans performed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723904/impact-of-mass-drug-administration-for-elimination-of-lymphatic-filariasis-in-nepal
#20
Chet Raj Ojha, Basant Joshi, Khagendra Prakash Kc, Shyam Prakash Dumre, Keshav Kumar Yogi, Bandana Bhatta, Tulasi Adhikari, Kathryn Crowley, Babu Ram Marasaini
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a neglected tropical disease transmitted by mosquitoes. Nepal has implemented a national effort to eliminate LF by 2020 through mass drug administration (MDA) using diethylcarbamazine (DEC) and albendazole (ALB). We assessed the impact of MDAs on LF in selected districts of Nepal after the recommended six MDA rounds had been completed. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Baseline surveys were conducted in seven districts and mapping data were used as baseline in the other three districts before starting MDA in 2009...
July 19, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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