keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Population health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245188/the-unmet-needs-of-aboriginal-australians-with-musculoskeletal-pain-a-mixed-method-systematic-review
#1
Ivan B Lin, Samantha Bunzli, Donna B Mak, Charmaine Green, Roger Goucke, Juli Coffin, Peter B O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: Musculoskeletal pain (MSP) conditions are the biggest cause of disability and internationally, Indigenous peoples experience a higher burden. There are conflicting reports about Aboriginal Australians and MSP. We conducted a systematic review to describe the prevalence, associated factors, impacts, care access, health care experiences, and factors associated with MSP among Aboriginal Australians. METHODS: A systematic search of quantitative and qualitative scientific and grey literature (PROSPERO number: CRD42016038342)...
December 15, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245124/bisphenol-and-phthalate-concentrations-and-its-determinants-among-pregnant-women-in-a-population-based-cohort-in-the-netherlands-2004-5
#2
Elise M Philips, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Alexandros G Asimakopoulos, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Eric A P Steegers, Susana Santos, Leonardo Trasande
BACKGROUND: Exposure to bisphenols and phthalates in pregnancy may lead to adverse health effects in women themselves and their offspring. OBJECTIVE: To describe first trimester bisphenol and phthalate urine concentrations, including bisphenol and phthalate replacements, and determine nutritional, socio-demographic and lifestyle related determinants. METHODS: In a population-based prospective cohort of 1396 mothers, we measured first trimester bisphenol, phthalate and creatinine urine concentrations (samples collected in 2004-2005, median gestational age 12...
December 12, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245092/predictors-of-hospitalization-length-of-stay-among-re-admitted-treatment-resistant-bipolar-disorder-inpatients
#3
M Fornaro, F Iasevoli, S Novello, A Fusco, A Anastasia, D De Berardis, A Valchera, A de Bartolomeis
BACKGROUND: Hospitalization accounts for significant health care resource utilization for treatment-resistant Bipolar Disorder (BD), especially among frequent users of acute inpatient psychiatric units. Appraisal of the clinical features and predictive role of selected variables is therefore crucial in such population, representing the aim of the present research. METHODS: A hundred and nineteen BD inpatients with an established history of pharmacological treatment resistance for either mania or bipolar depression were classified as long hospitalization cases (LOS+) and their controls and compared against each other for a number of demographic, clinical, and psychopathological features...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245090/psychological-distress-and-risk-for-suicidal-behavior-among-university-students-in-contemporary-china
#4
Fang Tang, Majella Byrne, Ping Qin
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress and suicidal behavior are important mental health problems among university students and warrant research to inform strategies for effective prevention in this young population. The present study aimed to assess psychological distress and suicidal behavior and to unravel their associations among university students. METHODS: A total of 5972 undergraduate students, randomly selected from six universities in central China, comprised the sample...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244991/cancer-trends-in-mexico-essential-data-for-the-creation-and-follow-up-of-public-policies
#5
Alejandro Mohar-Betancourt, Nancy Reynoso-Noverón, Daniel Armas-Texta, Cristina Gutiérrez-Delgado, Juan A Torres-Domínguez
Purpose Cancer in a country like Mexico is a challenge for the current health system and for public health. However, the statistics about cancer in Mexico are scarce, so epidemiologic surveillance needs to be improved. The objectives of this article were to describe the extent of cancer and to estimate the national burden of cancer through 2020. Materials and Methods To meet this objective, an analysis of secondary official sources was performed. The cancer cases through 2020 were estimated on the basis of trends in mortality and the projection of incident cases reported by GLOBOCAN...
December 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244990/clinical-and-epidemiological-profile-of-breast-cancer-in-mexico-results-of-the-seguro-popular
#6
Nancy Reynoso-Noverón, Cynthia Villarreal-Garza, Enrique Soto-Perez-de-Celis, Claudia Arce-Salinas, Juan Matus-Santos, María Teresa Ramírez-Ugalde, Alberto Alvarado-Miranda, Paula Cabrera-Galeana, Abelardo Meneses-García, Fernando Lara-Medina, Enrique Bargalló-Rocha, Alejandro Mohar
Purpose One half of the Mexican population lacks comprehensive health care coverage. In 2003, a reform to the General Health Law was approved that led to the creation of the System of Social Protection in Health and made universal health coverage mandatory. The main innovation of this reform was Seguro Popular, which provided coverage for breast cancer. Here we report the outcomes of women with breast cancer treated at a cancer center in Mexico under Seguro Popular. Materials and Methods This was a retrospective cohort study that included all patients with breast cancer treated in the Instituto Nacional de Cancerología in Mexico City between January 2007 and December 2013 with Seguro Popular coverage...
December 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244825/associations-of-sodium-intake-with-obesity-metabolic-disorder-and-albuminuria-according-to-age
#7
Se Won Oh, Ho Seok Koo, Kum Hyun Han, Sang Youb Han, Ho Jun Chin
Sodium intake is associated with obesity and metabolic disorder in the general population. However, sodium intake is significantly reduced according to the decrease of energy intake in older adults although the prevalence of obesity is higher than younger adults. We evaluate the association of sodium excretion (UNa) with blood pressure, obesity, metabolic disorders, and albuminuria according to age. An observational study using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV-V (2008-2011) was performed (N = 18,146)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244811/impact-of-increased-influenza-vaccination-in-2-3-year-old-children-on-disease-burden-within-the-general-population-a-bayesian-model-based-approach
#8
Sankarasubramanian Rajaram, Witold Wiecek, Richard Lawson, Betina T Blak, Yanli Zhao, Judith Hackett, Robert Brody, Vishal Patel, Billy Amzal
INTRODUCTION: During the 2013-2014 influenza season, Public Health England extended routine influenza vaccination to all 2- and 3-year-old children in England. To estimate the impact of this change in policy on influenza-related morbidity and mortality, we developed a disease transmission and surveillance model informed by real-world data. METHODS: We combined real-world and literature data sources to construct a model of influenza transmission and surveillance in England...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244736/frequency-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-and-the-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-japanese-elderly-a-cross-sectional-study-from-the-kyoto-kameoka-study
#9
Hinako Nanri, Yosuke Yamada, Aya Itoi, Emi Yamagata, Yuya Watanabe, Tsukasa Yoshida, Motoko Miyake, Heiwa Date, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Mitsuyoshi Yoshida, Takeshi Kikutani, Misaka Kimura
OBJECTIVE: Many previous studies have reported that fruit and vegetable consumption is associated with a reduced risk of various disease, but whether or not their consumption is associated with the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is unclear. The objective of this study was to examine the association between the frequency of fruit and vegetable consumption and the OHRQoL in elderly subjects by sex. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from a population-based Kyoto-Kameoka Study in 2012 of 3112 men and 3439 women (age ≥ 65 years)...
December 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244735/development-of-the-precision-link-biobank-at-boston-children-s-hospital-challenges-and-opportunities
#10
REVIEW
Florence T Bourgeois, Paul Avillach, Sek Won Kong, Michelle M Heinz, Tram A Tran, Ramkrishna Chakrabarty, Jonathan Bickel, Piotr Sliz, Erin M Borglund, Susan Kornetsky, Kenneth D Mandl
Increasingly, biobanks are being developed to support organized collections of biological specimens and associated clinical information on broadly consented, diverse patient populations. We describe the implementation of a pediatric biobank, comprised of a fully-informed patient cohort linking specimens to phenotypic data derived from electronic health records (EHR). The Biobank was launched after multiple stakeholders' input and implemented initially in a pilot phase before hospital-wide expansion in 2016...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244265/herpes-zoster-and-dementia-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#11
Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Shu-I Wu, Kuo-You Huang, Yao-Hsu Yang, Ting-Yu Kuo, Hsin-Yi Liang, Kuan-Lun Huang, Michael Gossop
OBJECTIVE: Some infectious diseases have been found to be associated with cognitive impairment and dementia. However, the relationship between herpes zoster and dementia has received little attention. This study aimed to investigate this association as well as associations of antiviral treatments for herpes zoster and incident dementia using a large national sample. METHODS: Cases were identified from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database with a new diagnosis of herpes zoster (ICD-9-CM code: 053) between 1997 and 2013...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244183/dna-damage-and-epigenetic-alteration-in-soybean-farmers-exposed-to-complex-mixture-of-pesticides
#12
Danieli Benedetti, Barbara Lopes Alderete, Claudia Telles de Souza, Johnny Ferraz Dias, Liana Niekraszewicz, Mónica Cappetta, Wilner Martínez-López, Juliana Da Silva
Exposure to pesticides can trigger genotoxic and mutagenic processes through different pathways. However, epidemiological studies are scarce, and further work is needed to find biomarkers sensitive to the health of exposed populations. Considering that there are few evaluations of soybean farmers, the aim of this study was to assess the effects of human exposure to complex mixtures of pesticides. The alkaline comet assay modified with restriction enzyme (hOGG1: human 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase) was used to detect oxidised guanine, and compared with the buccal micronucleus cytome assay, global methylation, haematological parameters, biochemical analyses (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase, gamma-glutamyl-transferase and butyrylcholinesterase), and particle-induced X-ray emission (PIXE) for the analysis of inorganic elements...
December 13, 2017: Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244119/is-social-work-prepared-for-diversity-in-hospice-and-palliative-care
#13
Christine M Rine
The purpose of this article is to assess current and future trends in hospice and palliative care with the objective of informing culturally appropriate best practice for social work. Concern for the intersectionality of racial, ethnic, social, and other differences in end-of-life (EOL) care is imperative given the ever growing range of diversity characteristics among the increasing aging populations in the United States. A review of literature from the current decade that is pertinent to the profession contributes to the ability of social work to consider evidence and build agreement germane to EOL practice settings...
December 13, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244105/the-gendered-health-workforce-mixed-methods-analysis-from-four-fragile-and-post-conflict-contexts
#14
Sophie Witter, Justine Namakula, Haja Wurie, Yotamu Chirwa, Sovanarith So, Sreytouch Vong, Bandeth Ros, Stephen Buzuzi, Sally Theobald
It is well known that the health workforce composition is influenced by gender relations. However, little research has been done which examines the experiences of health workers through a gender lens, especially in fragile and post-conflict states. In these contexts, there may not only be opportunities to (re)shape occupational norms and responsibilities in the light of challenges in the health workforce, but also threats that put pressure on resources and undermine gender balance, diversity and gender responsive human resources for health (HRH)...
December 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244081/atrial-fibrillation-type-matters-greater-infarct-volume-and-worse-neurological-defects-seen-in-acute-cardiogenic-cerebral-embolism-due-to-persistent-or-permanent-rather-than-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation
#15
Osamu Inaba, Yasuteru Yamauchi, Masahiro Sekigawa, Naoyuki Miwa, Junji Yamaguchi, Yasutoshi Nagata, Toru Obayashi, Takamichi Miyamoto, Tomoyuki Kamata, Mitsuaki Isobe, Masahiko Goya, Kenzo Hirao
Aims: Some studies have shown that the type of atrial fibrillation (AF), whether paroxysmal AF (PAF) or persistent or permanent AF (PeAF), affects the incidence of ischaemic stroke. This study sought to determine the relationship between the AF pattern and the severity and brain volume of infarction in an AF population including transient ischaemic attack (TIA) patients. Methods and results: This was a retrospective observational study. We studied 161 consecutive patients who were admitted to our stroke care unit with cardiogenic embolism or TIA related to non-valvular AF (age 79 ± 9...
December 12, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243991/zoonotic-agents-in-feral-pigeons-columba-livia-from-costa-rica-possible-improvements-to-diminish-contagion-risks
#16
Ana María Torres-Mejía, César Rodríguez, Francisco Duarte, Mauricio Jiménez-Soto, Fernando Esperón, Kinndle Blanco-Peña
Most studies on zoonotic agents in pigeons have been conducted in the Palearctic region, but the scarcity of data is notorious in the Neotropical region, where these birds can breed all year around and are in close contact with humans. In this study, we used a combination of culture-dependent and culture-independent methods to identify infectious agents in 141 fecal samples from pigeons collected at four urban parks from Costa Rica. Of these we identified 34 positive samples for Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Braenderup (24...
December 15, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243564/deportation-of-non-citizen-military-veterans-a-critical-analysis-of-implications-for-the-right-to-health
#17
Danielle Horyniak, Ietza Bojorquez, Richard F Armenta, Peter J Davidson
Military personnel are commonly exposed to health-harming conditions during their service, resulting in higher rates of physical and mental health conditions compared with the general population. In an era of mass deportations, it is notable that non-citizen military veterans are not exempt from deportation. We utilised a human rights framework to conduct a critical analysis of potential health consequences of deportation for U.S. military veterans, identifying three ways in which veterans' rights to health may be constrained through deportation...
December 15, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243550/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-is-associated-with-reduced-levels-of-serum-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-in-adolescents-data-from-the-population-based-german-kiggs-study
#18
Raquel Pinho, Biyao Wang, Andreas Becker, Aribert Rothenberger, Tiago F Outeiro, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, Thomas Meyer
OBJECTIVES: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a multifactorial, complex and the most common neurodevelopmental disorder in childhood. In this analysis, we tested the hypothesis that altered serum lipid patterns are associated with ADHD. METHODS: Using data from the nationwide, population-based German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS), we compared serum levels of total cholesterol, high-density (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and also triglycerides, in participants with physician-diagnosed and/or suspected ADHD, as defined by a value of ≥7 on the hyperactivity-inattention subscale of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), with non-ADHD controls...
December 15, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243513/evaluation-of-health-care-costs-and-utilization-for-patients-with-gout-a-population-based-matched-cohort-study
#19
Yi-Yun Lee, Chao-Hsiun Tang, Jin-Hua Chen, Li-Na Kuo, Yu Ko
OBJECTIVES: To better understand the economic burden of gout patients in Taiwan, we conducted a nationwide retrospective study to compare the healthcare costs and utilization between gout and gout-free patients. METHODS: The Longitudinal Health Insurance Database (LHID) 2010 was used to identify gout cases and matched gout-free controls. Gout cases were defined as having (1) at least three instances of diagnoses of gout on medical claims or (2) one diagnosis of gout with at least one gout-related pharmacy claim in 2011...
December 15, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243510/health-related-quality-of-life-and-risk-of-composite-coronary-heart-disease-and-cerebrovascular-events-in-the-moli-sani-study-cohort
#20
Marialaura Bonaccio, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Simona Costanzo, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Amalia De Curtis, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello
Background To assess the association between health-related quality of life (HRQL) and a composite outcome including incident coronary heart disease (CHD) and cerebrovascular events in a large general population-based cohort. Design Prospective analysis on 17,102 men and women (mean age 53 ± 11) free from cardiovascular disease at time of enrolment in the Moli-sani cohort (2005-2010). Methods HRQL was assessed by the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey. Hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated using multivariable Cox-proportional hazard models...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
keyword
keyword
2928
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"