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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432994/assessment-of-temporal-variation-for-the-risk-of-particulate-matters-on-asthma-hospitalization
#1
Hyomi Kim, Honghyok Kim, Yoon-Hyung Park, Jong-Tae Lee
Increased ambient concentration of particulate matters are considered as one of major causes for increased prevalence or exacerbation of asthma or asthma like symptoms. Recently, possible temporal variation in risks of PM on mortality has been suggested. We investigated short-term effect of both PM10 and PM2.5 on asthma hospitalization, and assessed temporal variation of PM risks in Seoul, Korea, 2003-2011. Generalized additive model was used to estimate PM risks on asthma hospitalization with consideration by long-term trend, influenza epidemic, day of week, meteorological factors...
April 19, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432896/diabetes-incidence-and-influencing-factors-in-women-with-and-without-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-15year-population-based-follow-up-cohort-study
#2
Sonia Minooee, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Maryam Rahmati, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Fereidoun Azizi
AIM: Very few extensive follow-up investigations evaluating patients with history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have been documented. We conducted this longitudinal study to estimate the incidence of diabetes and its predictors in women with and without GDM. METHOD: A total of 2458 eligible women, aged 20-50years (476 with GDM and 1982 without GDM) were selected from among participants of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose study, based on the World Health Organization definition for GDM screening...
April 8, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432810/liver-cirrhosis-is-a-risk-factor-for-atrial-fibrillation-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#3
HyunJung Lee, Eue-Keun Choi, Tae-Min Rhee, So-Ryoung Lee, Woo-Hyun Lim, Si-Hyuck Kang, Kyung-Do Han, Myung-Jin Cha, Seil Oh
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Information is lacking regarding whether liver cirrhosis (LC) is associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) development. We aimed to investigate the incidence and clinical significance of AF in cirrhotic patients. METHODS: LC patients (n = 3,596; mean age, 54.7 ± 12.3 years; male, 72.5%) without previous AF were selected from the Korean National Health Insurance Service National Sample Cohort database between 2004 and 2008. Age- and sex-matched controls (n=17,980) were randomly sampled in a 5:1 ratio from non-LC individuals...
April 22, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432756/high-rate-of-systemic-corticosteroid-prescription-among-outpatient-visits-for-psoriasis-a-population-based-epidemiological-study-using-the-korean-national-health-insurance-database
#4
Sang Jun Eun, Sihyeok Jang, Jin Yong Lee, Young Kyung Do, Seong Jin Jo
The use of systemic corticosteroids (SC) for the treatment of psoriasis is not recommended according to textbooks and guidelines. In clinical practise, however, many physicians frequently prescribe SC for patients with psoriasis. To determine the magnitude of SC prescription for outpatients with psoriasis in Korea and identify factors associated with the use of SC, we used the 2010-2014 nationwide claims data of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service of Korea. In frequency analysis for the full scale of prescribed SC, oral methylprednisolone was the most frequently prescribed SC, followed by dexamethasone and betamethasone injections...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432754/intraclass-differences-in-the-risk-of-hospitalisazion-for-heart-failure-among-type-2-diabetic-patients-initiating-a-dipeptydil-peptidase-4-inhibitor-or-a-sulphonylurea-results-from-the-osmed-health-db-registry
#5
Gian Paolo Fadini, Stefania Saragoni, Pierluigi Russo, Luca Degli Esposti, Saula Vigili de Kreutzenberg, Mario Melazzini, Angelo Avogaro
AIMS: Heart failure (HF) is frequent in type 2 diabetes (T2D) and several glucose-lowering medications may increase HF risk. In the SAVOR-TIMI trial, patients on Saxagliptin experienced a 27% higher risk of hospitalisation for HF (HHF). In a retrospective study on 127,555 patients, we showed that DPP-4i therapy was associated with a lower HHF risk than sulphonylurea (SU) therapy. We herein re-analyzed such data to evaluate intraclass differences among DPP-4i and SU. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included T2D patients initiating DPP-4i or SU alone or in combination with metformin...
April 21, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432722/efforts-to-redefine-endometriosis-prevalence-in-low-risk-patients
#6
Linnea R Goodman, Jason M Franasiak
Endometriosis has significant implications on patient health and well-being, particularly when it comes to pelvic pain and infertility. However, the true epidemiologic state of the disease has remained elusive. Many of the foundational studies characterize surgically confirmed endometriosis in highly selected patient populations. It has been hypothesized that the prevalence of endometriosis is approximately 10% (Vigano et al, Best Practices and Research in Clinical OB/GYN, 2004, 18(2):177-200) of reproductive aged women and may reach rates of 30-50% in symptomatic women...
April 22, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432677/development-of-yoghurt-with-ju%C3%A3-ara-pulp-euterpe-edulis-m-and-the-probiotic-lactobacillus-acidophilus-la5
#7
Marina V Geraldi, Fabricio L Tulini, Vanessa M Souza, Elaine C P De Martinis
Yoghurts are dairy products consumed worldwide and can be supplemented with substances that provide extra health benefits as well as probiotic strains. In this context, the present study aimed to prepare a yoghurt added of juçara (Euterpe edulis M.) pulp and the commercial probiotic strain Lactobacillus acidophilus La5. Moreover, the probiotic survival during storage and after in vitro exposure to simulated gastric and enteric conditions was evaluated. Four formulations of yoghurt were prepared: (a) natural yoghurt, (b) yoghurt added of probiotic, (c) yoghurt added of juçara pulp, and (d) yoghurt added of probiotic culture and juçara pulp...
April 21, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432662/targeting-ldl-cholesterol-beyond-absolute-goals-toward-personalized-risk
#8
REVIEW
Morton Leibowitz, Chandra Cohen-Stavi, Sanjay Basu, Ran D Balicer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study was to review and assess the evidence for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) treatment goals as presented in current guidelines for primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Different sets of guidelines and clinical studies for secondary prevention have centered on lower absolute LDL-C targets [<70 mg/dL (<1.8 mmol/L)], greater percent reductions of LDL-C (≥50%), or more intense treatment to achieve greater reductions in cardiovascular risk...
June 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432639/measuring-patient-experience-in-dialysis-a-new-paradigm-of-quality-assessment
#9
REVIEW
Connie M Rhee, Steven M Brunelli, Lalita Subramanian, Francesca Tentori
Patients' experience of care (PEC) is as an important dimension in quality of care. As a distinct entity from patient satisfaction and patient health-related quality of life, PEC is defined as patients' perceptions of the range of interactions they have with the health care system, including care from providers, facilities, and health plans. While traditionally PEC may be ascertained via informal assessments, in recent years, especially in the United States, there has been a shift towards standardized surveillance of PEC amongst dialysis patients in order to: (1) set a normative expectation regarding the importance of PEC; (2) standardize the components of patients' experience that are assessed to minimize potential "blind spots"; (3) provide a direct "voice" to the patient in communicating perceptions of their care; (4) facilitate comparisons of quality across facilities; and (5) broaden accountability for PEC to the entire multidisciplinary dialysis care team...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432638/community-gardens-as-environmental-health-interventions-benefits-versus-potential-risks
#10
REVIEW
W K Al-Delaimy, M Webb
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this paper was to summarize current findings on community gardens relevant to three specific areas of interest as follows: (1) health benefits, (2) garden interventions in developing versus developed countries, and (3) the concerns and risks of community gardening. RECENT FINDINGS: Community gardens are a reemerging phenomenon in many low- and high-income urban neighborhoods to address the common risk factors of modern lifestyle...
April 21, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432577/implicit-reasons-for-disclosure-of-the-use-of-complementary-health-approaches-cha-a-consumer-commitment-perspective
#11
Fuschia M Sirois, Helene Riess, Dawn M Upchurch
BACKGROUND: Disclosure of the use of complementary health approaches (CHA) is an important yet understudied health behavior with important implications for patient care. Yet research into disclosure of CHA has been atheoretical and neglected the role of health beliefs. PURPOSE: Using a consumer commitment model of CHA use as a guiding conceptual framework, the current study tests the hypotheses that perceived positive CHA outcomes (utilitarian values) and positive CHA beliefs (symbolic values) are associated with disclosure of CHA to conventional care providers in a nationally representative US sample...
April 21, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432494/primary-prevention-and-screening-practices-among-long-term-breast-cancer-survivors
#12
Lori Mandelzweig, Angela Chetrit, Tova Amitai, Barbara Silverman, Nava Siegelmann-Danieli, Siegal Sadetzki
PURPOSE: Parallel to increasing survival of breast cancer (BC) patients, a need has arisen to characterize the follow-up required to improve and maintain their health. Our study aimed to assess changes in lifestyle habits over time among the study population, compare compliance rates of selected primary and secondary prevention practices between long-term BC survivors and an age-matched comparison group, and identify factors associated with compliance to these practices. METHODS: The study population comprised 250 Israeli BC survivors, diagnosed with BC between 1999 and 2003, without evidence of disease after 8-12 years, and 250 women with no cancer history, individually matched to survivors by age and area of residence...
April 21, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432297/high-probability-of-comorbidities-in-bronchial-asthma-in-germany
#13
S Heck, S Al-Shobash, D Rapp, D D Le, A Omlor, A Bekhit, M Flaig, B Al-Kadah, W Herian, R Bals, S Wagenpfeil, Q T Dinh
Clinical experience has shown that allergic and non-allergic respiratory, metabolic, mental, and cardiovascular disorders sometimes coexist with bronchial asthma. However, no study has been carried out that calculates the chance of manifestation of these disorders with bronchial asthma in Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Using ICD10 diagnoses from health care institutions, the present study systematically analyzed the co-prevalence and odds ratios of comorbidities in the asthma population in Germany...
April 21, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432291/birth-weight-changes-in-a-major-city-under-rapid-socioeconomic-transition-in-china
#14
Jian-Rong He, Wei-Dong Li, Min-Shan Lu, Yong Guo, Fan-Fan Chan, Jin-Hua Lu, Li-Fang Zhang, Song-Ying Shen, Xiao-Yan Xia, Ping Wang, Wei-Jian Mo, Kin Bong Hubert Lam, Jane E Hirst, Hui-Min Xia, Xiu Qiu
Estimates of trends in birth weight may be useful in evaluating population health. We aimed to determine whether temporal changes in birth weight have occurred amongst 2.3 million neonates born in Guangzhou, China, during 2001-2015 and investigate the socioeconomic determinants of any changes. Trends in mean birth weight and annualized changes with the associated 95% confidence intervals (CIs) in the incidence of small for gestational age (SGA) and large for gestational age (LGA), defined as birth weight <10(th) or >90(th) centile respectively for gestational age and sex, were examined using linear and Poisson regression models...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432213/tobacco-retail-availability-and-risk-of-relapse-among-smokers-who-make-a-quit-attempt-a-population-based-cohort-study
#15
Michael O Chaiton, Graham Mecredy, Joanna Cohen
INTRODUCTION: The availability of tobacco is thought to influence smoking behaviour, but there are few longitudinal studies examining if the location and number of tobacco outlets has a prospective impact on smoking cessation. METHODS: The Ontario Tobacco Survey, a population-representative sample of Ontario adult smokers who were followed every 6 months for up to 3 years, was linked with tobacco outlet location data from the Ontario Ministry of Health. Proximity (distance), threshold (at least one outlet within 500 m) and density (number of outlets within 500 m) with respect to a smokers' home were calculated among urban and suburban current smokers (n=2414)...
April 21, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432148/systolic-blood-pressure-trajectory-frailty-and-all-cause-mortality-over-80-years-of-age-cohort-study-using-electronic-health-records
#16
Rathi Ravindrarajah, Nisha C Hazra, Shota Hamada, Judith Charlton, Stephen H D Jackson, Alex Dregan, Martin C Gulliford
Background -Clinical trials show benefit from lowering systolic blood pressure in people aged ≥80 years but non-randomised epidemiological studies suggest lower systolic blood pressure may be associated with higher mortality. This study aimed to evaluate associations of SBP with all-cause mortality by frailty category over 80 years of age and to evaluate SBP trajectories before death. Methods -A population-based cohort study was conducted using electronic health records of 144,403 participants aged 80 and older registered with family practices in the United Kingdom from 2001 to 2014...
April 21, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431951/public-health-impact-of-colonoscopy-use-on-colorectal-cancer-mortality-in-germany-and-the-united-states
#17
Chen Chen, Christian Stock, Michael Hoffmeister, Hermann Brenner
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Colonoscopy has been demonstrated to be effective in reducing colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality, and has been widely used for primary CRC screening in Germany and the United States. We performed a population-based analysis to evaluate and compare the public health impact of recent colonoscopy use on CRC deaths among adults aged 55 to 79 years in Germany and the United States from 2008 to 2011. METHODS: The epidemiologic metrics of attributable fraction and prevented fraction as well as the impact numbers were calculated using colonoscopy utilization data from nationally representative health surveys, relative risk estimates from medical literature, and CRC death registry data...
April 18, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431923/sources-of-racial-disparities-in-hiv-prevalence-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-atlanta-ga-usa-a-modelling-study
#18
Steven M Goodreau, Eli S Rosenberg, Samuel M Jenness, Nicole Luisi, Sarah E Stansfield, Gregorio A Millett, Patrick S Sullivan
BACKGROUND: In the USA, men who have sex men (MSM) are at high risk for HIV, and black MSM have a substantially higher prevalence of infection than white MSM. We created a simulation model to assess the strength of existing hypotheses and data that account for these disparities. METHODS: We built a dynamic, stochastic, agent-based network model of black and white MSM aged 18-39 years in Atlanta, GA, USA, that incorporated race-specific individual and dyadic-level prevention and risk behaviours, network attributes, and care patterns...
April 18, 2017: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431883/primary-repair-of-traumatic-distal-biceps-ruptures-in-a-military-population-clinical-outcomes-of-single-versus-2-incision-technique
#19
Brian R Waterman, Lorenzo Navarro-Figueroa, Brett D Owens
PURPOSE: To determine the success of distal biceps repair in a high-demand military population and to comparatively evaluate the perioperative risk profile, functional results, and adverse patient outcomes of a single- versus 2-incision technique within this high-risk group. METHODS: Between 2007-2013, all military service members undergoing primary surgical repair for distal biceps rupture through the Military Health System were isolated. Patients with allograft tendon reconstruction, revision procedures, nonmilitary status, and/or follow-up of less than 24 month were excluded...
April 18, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431862/application-of-the-cdc-ebolaresponse-modeling-tool-to-disease-predictions
#20
Robert H Gaffey, Cécile Viboud
Model-based predictions were critical in eliciting a vigorous international public health response to the 2014 Ebola Virus Disease outbreak in West Africa. Here, we describe the performances of an extension of the CDC-initiated EbolaResponse Modeling tool to the Ebola Forecasting Challenge, which offered a controlled environment for epidemiological predictions. In the EbolaResponse tool, transmission risks and proportions of population affected by interventions were fitted to data via least square fitting. Prediction performances were evaluated for 5 prediction time points of 4 synthetic outbreaks...
March 10, 2017: Epidemics
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