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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454268/occurrence-and-distribution-of-antibiotics-in-mariculture-farms-estuaries-and-the-coast-of-the-beibu-gulf-china-bioconcentration-and-diet-safety-of-seafood
#1
Ruiling Zhang, Jiying Pei, Ruijie Zhang, Shaopeng Wang, Weibin Zeng, Dali Huang, Yi Wang, Yuanyuan Zhang, Yinghui Wang, Kefu Yu
The occurrence, distribution, bioconcentration and diet safety via seafood consumption of 19 antibiotics were investigated in eight closed mariculture ponds, four estuaries, two nearshore areas and one offshore area from the Beibu Gulf. Seventeen, 16, 15 and 7 antibiotics were detected at total concentrations of 43.2 - 885 ng L -1 , 22.4 - 118 ng L -1 , 22.7 - 24.5 ng L -1 , and 1.81-3.23 ng L -1 in the water of the above different areas, respectively. This indicates that the mariculture ponds are important sources of antibiotic pollution on the coast of the Beibu Gulf...
February 14, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454241/frailty-and-life-course-violence-the-international-mobility-in-aging-study
#2
Cristiano Dos Santos Gomes, Catherine McLean Pirkle, Maria Vitoria Zunzunegui, Dimitri Taurino Guedes, Juliana Fernandes De Souza Barbosa, Phoebe Hwang, Ricardo Oliveira Guerra
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of frailty in older adults in the IMIAS population, to examine associations between lifelong domestic violence and frailty and possible pathways to explain these associations. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 2002 men and women in the International Mobility in Aging Study, aged between 65 and 74 years old living in five cities of Tirana (Albania), Natal (Brazil), Kingston and Saint-Hyacinthe (Canada), and Manizales (Colombia)...
February 8, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454220/early-life-sexual-abuse-is-associated-with-increased-suicide-attempts-an-update-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Qin Xiang Ng, Bob Zheng Jie Yong, Collin Yin Xian Ho, Donovan Yutong Lim, Wee-Song Yeo
Suicide is an emerging, yet preventable global health issue associated with significant mortality. Identification of underlying risk factors and antecedents may inform preventive strategies and interventions. This study serves to provide an updated meta-analysis examining the extent of association of early life sexual abuse with suicide attempts. Using the keywords [early abuse OR childhood abuse OR sexual OR rape OR molest* OR violence OR trauma OR PTSD] AND [suicid* OR premature OR unnatural OR deceased OR died OR mortality], a preliminary search on the PubMed, Ovid, PsychINFO, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases yielded 12,874 papers published in English between 1-Jan-1988 and 1-June-2017...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454203/metals-and-arsenic-in-fish-from-a-ramsar-site-under-past-and-present-human-pressures-consumption-risk-factors-to-the-local-population
#4
Paloma Kachel Gusso-Choueri, Giuliana Seraphim de Araújo, Ana Carolina Feitosa Cruz, Tatiana Roselena de Oliveira Stremel, Sandro Xavier de Campos, Denis Moledo de Souza Abessa, Ciro Alberto de Oliveira Ribeiro, Rodrigo Brasil Choueri
The risk of metals and As in seafood for traditional populations living in a Marine Protected Areas (MPA) is seldom assessed, although the risk of human exposure to contaminants is one of the indicators associated with the socioeconomic goals of MPAs. The current study aimed to estimate the potential risk of some metals (Cd, Pb, and Zn) and arsenic (As) for human health through the ingestion of fish locally harvested in a Ramsar site, the Cananéia-Iguape-Peruíbe Environmental Protected Area (APA-CIP). Previous studies showed environmental impacts in this area due to former mining activities and urbanization...
February 14, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454198/long-term-exposure-to-air-pollution-and-the-risk-of-suicide-death-a-population-based-cohort-study
#5
Jin-Young Min, Hye-Jin Kim, Kyoung-Bok Min
Suicide is a major public health problem. Previous studies have reported a significant association between acute exposure to air pollution and suicide; little attention has been paid to the long-term effects of air pollution on risk of suicide. We investigated whether long-term exposure to particulate matter of ≤10μm in diameter (PM 10 ), nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ), and sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ) would be associated with a greater risk of death by suicide. The study sample comprised 265,749 adults enrolled in the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort (2002-2013) in South Korea...
February 14, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454115/traumatic-spinal-injury-global-epidemiology-and-worldwide-volume
#6
Ramesh Kumar, Jaims Lim, Rania A Mekary, Abbas Rattani, Michael C Dewan, Salman Y Sharif, Enrique Osorio-Fonseca, Kee B Park
BACKGROUND: Traumatic spinal injury (TSI) results from injury to bony, ligamentous and/or neurological structures of the spinal column and can cause significant morbidity and mortality. The global burden of TSI is poorly understood, so we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the global volume of TSI. METHODS: We performed a systematic review through PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Databases on TSI studies published from 2000 to 2016. Collected data were used to perform a meta-analysis to estimate the annual incidence of TSI across World Health Organization (WHO) regions and World Bank income groups using random effect models...
February 14, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454079/a-novel-metric-that-quantifies-risk-stratification-for-evaluating-diagnostic-tests-the-example-of-evaluating-cervical-cancer-screening-tests-across-populations
#7
Hormuzd A Katki, Mark Schiffman
Our work involves assessing whether new biomarkers might be useful for cervical-cancer screening across populations with different disease prevalences and biomarker distributions. When comparing across populations, we show that standard diagnostic accuracy statistics (predictive values, risk-differences, Youden's index and Area Under the Curve (AUC)) can easily be misinterpreted. We introduce an intuitively simple statistic for a 2 × 2 table, Mean Risk Stratification (MRS): the average change in risk (pre-test vs...
February 14, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454078/looking-for-capacities-rather-than-vulnerabilities-the-moderating-effect-of-health-assets-on-the-associations-between-adverse-social-position-and-health
#8
Mathieu Roy, Mélanie Levasseur, Isabelle Doré, France St-Hilaire, Bernard Michallet, Yves Couturier, Danielle Maltais, Bengt Lindström, Mélissa Généreux
To increase capacities and control over health, it is necessary to foster assets (i.e. factors enhancing abilities of individuals or communities). Acting as a buffer, assets build foundations for overcoming adverse conditions and improving health. However, little is known about the distribution of assets and their associations with social position and health. In this study, we documented the distribution of health assets and examined whether these assets moderate associations between adverse social position and self-reported health...
February 14, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454077/a-prospective-investigation-of-neighborhood-socioeconomic-deprivation-and-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-older-adults
#9
Qian Xiao, Sarah K Keadle, David Berrigan, Charles E Matthews
Neighborhood conditions may have an important impact on physical activity and sedentary behaviors in the older population. Most previous studies in this area are cross-sectional and report mixed findings regarding the effects of neighborhood environment on different types of physical activity. Moreover, little is known about the prospective relationship between neighborhood environment and sedentary behaviors. Our analysis included 136,526 participants from the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study (age 51-70). Neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation was measured with an index based on census variables and developed using principal component analysis...
February 14, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454076/the-biological-basis-of-treating-jaw-discrepancies-an-interplay-of-mechanical-forces-and-skeletal-configuration
#10
REVIEW
Konstantinos Karamesinis, Efthimia K Basdra
Jaw discrepancies and malrelations affect a large proportion of the general population and their treatment is of utmost significance for individuals' health and quality of life. The aim of their therapy is the modification of aberrant jaw development mainly by targeting the growth potential of the mandibular condyle through its cartilage, and the architectural shape of alveolar bone through a suture type of structure, the periodontal ligament. This targeted treatment is achieved via external mechanical force application by using a wide variety of intraoral and extraoral appliances...
February 14, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454050/when-travel-is-a-challenge-travel-medicine-and-the-dis-abled-traveller
#11
REVIEW
Irmgard Bauer
Travellers with recognised disabilities or the dis-ability to function as required during a trip have been overlooked in the travel medicine literature. This paper provides a starting point for further discussion and research into this neglected traveller population. In contrast, tourism research has explored travel with a disability for some time in order to understand the travellers' needs and to improve services accordingly. The contemporary bio-psycho-social understanding of disability serves as the framework for exploring motivations to travel as well as barriers, such as inter and intrapersonal, economic, structural and attitudinal obstacles...
February 14, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454039/effect-of-long-term-selenium-supplementation-on-mortality-results-from-a-multiple-dose-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
REVIEW
Margaret P Rayman, Kristian Hillert Winther, Roberto Pastor-Barriuso, Frederick Cold, Marianne Thvilum, Saverio Stranges, Eliseo Guallar, Søren Cold
BACKGROUND: Selenium, an essential trace element, is incorporated into selenoproteins with a wide range of health effects. Selenoproteins may reach repletion at a plasma selenium concentration of ~125µg/L, at which point the concentration of selenoprotein P reaches a plateau; whether sustained concentrations higher than this are beneficial, or indeed detrimental, is unknown. OBJECTIVE: In a population of relatively low selenium status, we aimed to determine the effect on mortality of long-term selenium supplementation at different dose levels...
February 14, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454029/sex-related-differences-in-the-association-between-grip-strength-and-depression-results-from-the-irish-longitudinal-study-on-ageing
#13
Cillian P McDowell, Brett R Gordon, Matthew P Herring
Muscular strength is a modifiable protective factor for mental health across aging populations. Evidence of sex-related differences in its associations with mental health is limited. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine sex-related differences in cross-sectional and prospective associations between grip strength and depressive symptoms and status. Participants were community dwelling adults (N = 4505; 56.5% female), aged ≥50 years. As a measure of muscular strength, grip strength (kg) of the dominant hand was assessed using a hand-held dynamometer at baseline...
February 14, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453966/gamma-irradiation-inactivates-honey-bee-fungal-microsporidian-and-viral-pathogens-and-parasites
#14
Michael Simone-Finstrom, Kate Aronstein, Michael Goblirsch, Frank Rinkevich, Lilia de Guzman
Managed honey bee (Apis mellifera) populations are currently facing unsustainable losses due to a variety of factors. Colonies are challenged with brood pathogens, such as the fungal agent of chalkbrood disease, the microsporidian gut parasite Nosema sp., and several viruses. These pathogens may be transmitted horizontally from worker to worker, vertically from queen to egg and via vectors like the parasitic mite, Varroa destructor. Despite the fact that these pathogens are widespread and often harbored in wax comb that is reused from year to year and transferred across beekeeping operations, few, if any, universal treatments exist for their control...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453950/towards-elimination-of-schistosomiasis-after-5000-years-of-endemicity-in-egypt
#15
REVIEW
Iman F Abou-El-Naga
Schistosomiasis is a snail-transmitted infectious disease caused by a long lasting infection with a blood fluke of the genus Schistosoma. S. haematobium and S. mansoni are the species endemic in Egypt. The country has been plagued and seriously suffered from schistosomiasis over the past 5000 years. Great strides had been done in controlling the disease since 1922. The history, epidemiology and the different control approaches were reviewed. Currently, Egypt is preparing towards schistosomiasis elimination by 2020...
February 14, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453946/the-sexual-and-reproductive-health-of-foreign-born-women-in-the-united-states
#16
Athena Tapales, Ayana Douglas-Hall, Hannah Whitehead
OBJECTIVE: To explore the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) behaviors, health insurance coverage, and use of SRH services of women in the United States (U.S.) by nativity, disaggregated by race and ethnicity. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed publicly-available and restricted data from the National Survey of Family Growth to assess differences and similarities between foreign-born and U.S.-born women, both overall and within Hispanic, non-Hispanic (NH) white, NH black, and NH Asian groups...
February 14, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453924/the-world-health-organization-who-versus-the-international-association-of-diabetes-and-pregnancy-study-group-iadpsg-diagnostic-criteria-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-and-their-associated-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes
#17
Nurul Iftida Basri, Zaleha Abdullah Mahdy, Shuhaila Ahmad, Abdul Kadir Abdul Karim, Lim Pei Shan, Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf, Nor Azlin Mohd Ismail
Background Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common medical complication in pregnancy. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of GDM using the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria and the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) criteria in our population. We further compared the incidence of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in women diagnosed with GDM using these criteria and determined whether the IADPSG criteria is suitable in our population. Methods This randomized controlled trial was conducted at our antenatal clinic involving 520 patients from 1st February 2015 until 30th September 2017...
February 17, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453906/positive-implications-from-socially-accountable-community-engaged-medical-education-across-two-philippines-regions
#18
Torres Woolley, Fortunato Cristobal, Jusie Siega-Sur, Simone Ross, Andre-Jacques Neusy, Servando Halili, Carole Reeve
INTRODUCTION: Hundreds of millions of people worldwide lack access to quality health services, largely because of geographic and socioeconomic maldistribution of qualified practitioners. This study describes differences between the practice locations of Philippines medical graduates from two 'socially accountable, community-engaged' health professional education (SAHPE) schools and the practice locations of graduates from two 'conventionally trained' medical schools located in the same respective geographic regions...
February 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453905/sleep-apnea-and-type-2-diabetes
#19
Isao Muraki, Hiroo Wada, Takeshi Tanigawa
The aim of this review is to clarify the association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and type 2 diabetes, and discuss the therapeutic role of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in type 2 diabetes. OSA patients are more likely than non-OSA populations to develop type 2 diabetes while more than half of patients with type 2 diabetes suffer from OSA. Similarly to the Western countries, in the East Asian population, the association between these two disorders has also been reported. CPAP is the primary treatment for OSA, but the effect of CPAP on comorbid diabetes has not been established...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453873/association-between-pemphigus-and-neurologic-diseases
#20
Khalaf Kridin, Shira Zelber-Sagi, Doron Comaneshter, Arnon D Cohen
Importance: The association between pemphigus and neurologic diseases was not evaluated systematically in the past. In a recent uncontrolled cross-sectional study, Parkinson disease was found to be significantly associated with pemphigus; in the same study, epilepsy had a nonsignificant association with pemphigus. Several case reports have suggested that pemphigus coexists with multiple sclerosis and dementia. Objective: To estimate the association between pemphigus and 4 neurologic conditions (dementia, epilepsy, Parkinson disease, and multiple sclerosis), using one of the largest cohorts of patients with pemphigus...
February 16, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
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