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ST101 Escherichia

M De Laveleye, T D Huang, P Bogaerts, C Berhin, C Bauraing, P Sacré, A Noel, Y Glupczynski
Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae are increasingly reported worldwide. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence and molecular epidemiology of carbapenemase-producing (CP) Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae (CP-E/K) in Belgium. Eleven hospital-based laboratories collected carbapenem non-susceptible (CNS) isolates of E. coli and K. pneumoniae detected in clinical specimens from January 2013 to December 2014. All CNS strains were tested for carbapenemase production and typed by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) for a 6-month period as part of the European Survey on Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae in Europe (EuSCAPE) structured survey...
September 17, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Miriam R Fernandes, John A McCulloch, Marco A Vianello, Quézia Moura, Paula J Pérez-Chaparro, Fernanda Esposito, Luciana Sartori, Milena Dropa, Maria H Matté, Débora P A Lira, Elsa M Mamizuka, Nilton Lincopan
A colistin-resistant Escherichia coli strain was recovered from a patient with a diabetic foot infection in Brazil. Whole-genome analysis revealed that the E. coli isolate belonged to the widespread sequence type (ST) 101 and harbored the mcr-1 gene on an IncX4 plasmid that was highly similar to mcr-1-bearing IncX4 plasmids that were recently identified in Enterobacteriaceae from food, animal, and human samples recovered on different continents. These results suggest that self-transmissible IncX4-type plasmids may represent promiscuous plasmids contributing to the intercontinental spread of the mcr-1 gene...
October 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Yvonne Pfeifer, Angelina Trifonova, Michael Pietsch, Magdalena Brunner, Iva Todorova, Ivanka Gergova, Gottfried Wilharm, Guido Werner, Encho Savov
We characterized 72 isolates with reduced susceptibility to carbapenems (50 Acinetobacter spp., 13 Proteus mirabilis, five Escherichia coli, one Morganella morganii, one Enterobacter cloacae, one Providencia rettgeri, and one Pseudomonas aeruginosa) from a hospital in Sofia, Bulgaria. Different β-lactamase genes were identified by polymerase chain reaction and sequencing. Bacterial strain typing was performed by enzymatic macrorestriction and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) typing as well as multilocus sequence typing for selected isolates...
July 26, 2016: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
Juliana Fortes Vilarinho Braga, Nathalie Katy Chanteloup, Angélina Trotereau, Sylvie Baucheron, Rodrigo Guabiraba, Roselene Ecco, Catherine Schouler
BACKGROUND: Locomotor disorders and infections by Escherichia coli represent major concerns to the poultry industry worldwide. Avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) is associated with extraintestinal infections leading to respiratory or systemic disease known as colibacillosis. The most common lesions seen in cases of colibacillosis are perihepatitis, airsacculitis, pericarditis, peritonitis/salpingitis and arthritis. These diseases are responsible for significant economic losses in the poultry industry worldwide...
2016: BMC Veterinary Research
David Mantilla-Calderon, Muhammad Raihan Jumat, Tiannyu Wang, Pugalenthi Ganesan, Nada Al-Jassim, Pei-Ying Hong
The emergence of resistance to last-resort antibiotics is a public health concern of global scale. Besides direct person-to-person propagation, environmental pathways might contribute to the dissemination of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). Here, we describe the incidence of blaNDM-1, a gene conferring resistance to carbapenems, in the wastewater of the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, over a 1-year period. blaNDM-1 was detected at concentrations ranging from 10(4) to 10(5) copies/m(3) of untreated wastewater during the entire monitoring period...
September 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Martin Kaase, Sven Schimanski, Reinhold Schiller, Bettina Beyreiß, Alexander Thürmer, Jörg Steinmann, Volkhard A Kempf, Christina Hess, Ingo Sobottka, Ines Fenner, Stefan Ziesing, Irene Burckhardt, Lutz von Müller, Axel Hamprecht, Ina Tammer, Nina Wantia, Karsten Becker, Thomas Holzmann, Martina Furitsch, Gabriele Volmer, Sören G Gatermann
Aim of this study was to determine the incidence and molecular epidemiology of carbapenemase-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in Germany. E. coli and K. pneumoniae isolates from clinical samples which were non-susceptible to carbapenems were collected in laboratories serving 20 hospitals throughout Germany from November 2013 to April 2014. The isolates were tested for the presence of carbapenemases by PCR and phenotypic methods and typed by multilocus sequence typing. Risk factors including a previous hospitalization abroad were analysed...
September 2016: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
Leila Ben Said, Ahlem Jouini, Carla Andrea Alonso, Naouel Klibi, Raoudha Dziri, Abdellatif Boudabous, Karim Ben Slama, Carmen Torres
The presence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase and plasmid-mediated AmpC beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-Eb and pAmpC-Eb, respectively) was analyzed in 57 wastewater and 57 surface-water samples in Tunisia. Twenty-four of the 57 wastewater samples (42.1%) and one of the 57 surface-water samples (1.7%, a river that received effluents of a wastewater-treatment-plant) contained ESBL-Eb or pAmpC-Eb; one ESBL/pAmpC-Eb per positive sample was further characterized. Beta-lactamase genes detected were as follows: blaCTX-M-1 (10 Escherichia coli),blaCTX-M-15 (eight E...
April 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Ana Herrero-Fresno, Camilla Zachariasen, Monica Hegstad Hansen, Alexander Nielsen, Rene S Hendriksen, Søren Saxmose Nielsen, John Elmerdahl Olsen
The effect of apramycin treatment on transfer and selection of an Escherichia coli strain (E. coli 912) in the intestine of pigs was analyzed through an in vivo experiment. The strain was sequenced and assigned to the sequence type ST101 and serotype O11. It carried resistance genes to apramycin/gentamicin, sulphonamide, tetracycline, hygromycin B, β-lactams and streptomycin [aac(3)-IV, sul2, tet(X), aph(4), bla TEM-1 and strA/B], with all but tet(X) located on the same conjugative plasmid. Nineteen pigs were randomly allocated into two inoculation groups, one treated with apramycin (pen 2) and one non-treated (pen 3), along with a non-inoculated control group (pen 1)...
2016: Veterinary Research
Mariateresa Del Franco, Laura Paone, Roberto Novati, Claudio G Giacomazzi, Maria Bagattini, Chiara Galotto, Pier Giorgio Montanera, Maria Triassi, Raffaele Zarrilli
BACKGROUND: The spread of carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) is an emerging clinical problem, of great relevance in Europe and worldwide. The aim of this study was the molecular epidemiology of CRE isolates in Valle d'Aosta region, Italy, and the mechanism of carbapenem resistance. RESULTS: Sixty consecutive CRE samples were isolated from 52 hospital inpatients and/or outpatients from November 2013 to August 2014. Genotyping of microbial isolates was done by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multi-locus sequence typing (MLST), carbapenemases were identified by PCR and sequencing...
2015: BMC Microbiology
J Hrabák, V Študentová, V Jakubů, V Adámková, L Dvořáková, M Balejova, T Bergerová, E Chmelařová, P Ježek, P Kabelíková, M Kolář, P Paterová, R Tejkalová, C Papagiannitsis, H Žemličková
OBJECTIVE: One of the most important threats of current medicine is the spread of multiresistant Gram-negative bacteria. We report here data from a six-month prevalence study on carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae and E. coli performed in Czech hospitals participating on European Survey on Carbapenemase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae (EuSCAPE). METHODS: Ten hospitals covering all regions of the Czech Republic were selected. During the study period (1st November 2013 to 30th April 2014), first ten carbapenem non-susceptible isolates of K...
June 2015: Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie
Karama Charfi, Wejdène Mansour, Anis Ben Haj Khalifa, Maha Mastouri, Mahjoub Aouni, Hedi Mammeri
A retrospective epidemiological survey was carried out to determine the prevalence of carbapenemase producers among enterobacterial clinical isolates recovered in the center of maternity and neonatology of Monastir (Tunisia). PCR screening identified 1 OXA-48 and 2 OXA-204 producers, which coexpressed the CTX-M-15 or the CMY-4 β-lactamases. PCR mapping showed that the bla(OXA-48) gene was carried by a Tn1999.2 transposon, whereas the bla(OXA-204) gene was part of the Tn2016 transposon-like structure. The OXA-48- or OXA-204-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates and the OXA-204-expressing Escherichia coli clinical isolate belonged to the widespread sequence types ST11, ST101, and ST617, respectively...
August 2015: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Mark A Toleman, Joachim J Bugert, Syed A Nizam
Carriage of the New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase variant 1 (NDM-1) enables drug resistance to move between communities and hospitals. In Bangladesh, we found the blaNDM-1 gene in 62% of environmental waters and in fermentative and nonfermentative gram-negative bacteria. Escherichia coli sequence type (ST) 101 was most commonly found, reflecting a common global relationship between ST101 and NDM-1.
June 2015: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Pia S Pannaraj, Jennifer Dien Bard, Chiara Cerini, Scott J Weissman
BACKGROUND: Infections caused by carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are on the rise worldwide but are not well described in pediatric populations. This study characterizes the clinical, phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of CRE infections at a free-standing US children's hospital. METHODS: CRE were defined as any clinical Enterobacteriaceae isolate non-susceptible to either imipenem or meropenem and resistant to ceftriaxone, cefotaxime and ceftazidime determined by routine antimicrobial susceptibility testing...
January 2015: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Gisele Peirano, Jasmine Ahmed-Bentley, Jeff Fuller, Joseph E Rubin, Johann D D Pitout
We describe here the characteristics of Alberta, Canada, patients with infections or colonizations with carbapenemase-producing Gram-negative bacteria during 2010 to 2013 that were linked to recent travel outside Canada. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined by broth microdilution, and isolates were characterized using PCR, sequencing, and multilocus sequencing typing. A broth mating study was used to assess the transferability of resistance plasmids, which were subsequently characterized. All the patients (n=12) included in our study had contact with a health care system while abroad...
May 2014: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Laurent Poirel, Encho Savov, Arzu Nazli, Angelina Trifonova, Iva Todorova, Ivanka Gergova, Patrice Nordmann
Twelve consecutive carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli isolates were recovered from patients (infection or colonization) hospitalized between March and September 2012 in different units at a hospital in Bulgaria. They all produced the carbapenemase NDM-1 and the extended-spectrum-β-lactamase CTX-M-15, together with the 16S rRNA methylase RmtB, conferring high-level resistance to all aminoglycosides. All those isolates were clonally related and belonged to the same sequence type, ST101. In addition to being the first to identify NDM-producing isolates in Bulgaria, this is the very first study reporting an outbreak of NDM-1-producing E...
2014: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Leila Soufi, Yolanda Sáenz, Laura Vinué, Mohamed Salah Abbassi, Salah Hammami, Carmen Torres
Integrons are important genetic elements implicated in acquisition and expression of antimicrobial resistance genes. Gene cassettes of class 1 integrons may be differently expressed depending on the Pc promoter variant. Thirty-four Escherichia coli isolates (carrying 38 class 1 integrons), recovered from poultry meat in previous studies in Tunisia and selected by their specific traits, were further characterized in this study. Integron promoter variants and the pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) of isolates were determined...
December 2013: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
A Potron, L Poirel, E Rondinaud, P Nordmann
OXA-48 beta-lactamase producers are emerging as an important threat mostly in the Mediterranean area. We report here the molecular epidemiology of a collection of OXA-48 beta-lactamase-positive enterobacterial isolates (n=107) recovered from European and north-African countries between January 2001 and December 2011. This collection included 67 Klebsiella pneumoniae, 24 Escherichia coli and 10 Enterobacter cloacae. Using the EUCAST breakpoints, ninety-eight isolates (91.6%) were of intermediate susceptibility or resistant to ertapenem, whereas 66% remained susceptible to imipenem...
2013: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
Gisele Peirano, George L Mulvey, Glen D Armstrong, Johann D D Pitout
The success of certain sequence types such as ST131 that produce CTX-M or NDM β-lactamases, and ST405 that produce CTX-M β-lactamases, among extraintestinal Escherichia coli (ExPEC) had previously been linked to a combination of antimicrobial resistance and certain virulence factors. The adherence properties of these sequence types to gastro-intestinal epithelial cells had not been investigated. A study was therefore designed to investigate the phylogenetic groups, virulence factors and adherence properties of E...
April 2013: Journal of Medical Microbiology
So-Young Lee, Yeon-Joon Park, Jin Kyung Yu, Seungwon Jung, Yoonjoo Kim, Seok Hoon Jeong, Yoshichika Arakawa
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of plasmid-mediated fosfomycin resistance determinants among extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae and their genetic environments. METHODS: A total of 347 non-duplicate ESBL-producing E. coli (165) and K. pneumoniae (182) were collected. The fosfomycin MICs were determined by the agar dilution method according to CLSI guidelines. PCR was used to detect the plasmid-encoded fosfomycin resistance genes (fosA, fosA3, fosB and fosC2)...
December 2012: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Monica Österblad, Juha Kirveskari, Antti J Hakanen, Päivi Tissari, Martti Vaara, Jari Jalava
OBJECTIVES: Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) are becoming a global problem; they are often resistant to nearly all available antibiotics. Here we report details on all Finnish CPE isolates found until the end of 2011: carbapenemase genes, travel history and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) data. METHODS: Enterobacteriaceae sent to the Antimicrobial Resistance Unit of the National Institute for Health and Welfare were tested for susceptibility to carbapenems, screened for carbapenemases by PCR and isolates with decreased susceptibility to carbapenems were tested for hydrolysis of imipenem...
December 2012: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
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