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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725975/supporting-sustainability-initiatives-through-biometeorology-education-and-training
#1
Michael J Allen, Jennifer Vanos, David M Hondula, Daniel J Vecellio, David Knight, Hamed Mehdipoor, Rebekah Lucas, Chris Fuhrmann, Hanna Lokys, Angela Lees, Sheila Tavares Nascimento, Andrew C W Leung, David R Perkins
The International Society of Biometeorology (ISB) has covered significant breadth and depth addressing fundamental and applied societal and environmental challenges in the last 60 years. Biometeorology is an interdisciplinary science connecting living organisms to their environment, but there is very little understanding of the existence and placement of this discipline within formal educational systems and institutions. It is thus difficult to project the ability of members of the biometeorological community-especially the biometeorologists of the future-to help solve global challenges...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724155/a-family-systems-curriculum-back-to-the-future
#2
Rebekah Schiefer, Alexandra Verdieck Devlaeminck, Holly Hofkamp, Sheldon Levy, Demetrio Sanchez, John Muench
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although both residents and teaching faculty endorse its value, a recent review of family medicine residency programs confirms minimal formal family systems theory training. We consider the historical context of family systems training in family medicine and other competing priorities in practice and residency curricula. METHODS: We developed a longitudinal family systems curriculum, delivered in the third year of a 4-year residency program, and evaluated 2 years of the program using scales to assess self-reported confidence, knowledge and skills...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724020/the-home-care-teaching-and-learning-process-in-undergraduate-health-care-degree-courses
#3
Ana Paula Hermann, Maria Ribeiro Lacerda, Mariluci Alves Maftum, Elizabeth Bernardino, Ana Lúcia Schaefer Ferreira de Mello
Home care, one of the services provided by the health system, requires health practitioners who are capable of understanding its specificities. This study aimed to build a substantive theory that describes experiences of home care teaching and learning during undergraduate degree courses in nursing, pharmacy, medicine, nutrition, dentistry and occupational therapy. A qualitative analysis was performed using the grounded theory approach based on the results of 63 semistructured interviews conducted with final year students, professors who taught subjects related to home care, and recent graduates working with home care, all participants in the above courses...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723993/healthcare-and-development-a-dialog-with-the-thinking-of-celso-furtado
#4
Laís Silveira Costa, Ligia Bahia, Patrícia Seixas da Costa Braga
Understanding that conditions of health are dependent on more general nationwide factors relating to the level of development means admitting that 'sectorization' of health service is something that tends to limit the formation of knowledge. It also points to the importance of investigating the relationship between health and development, including issues about the processes that feed the persistence of the polarization between modernization and exclusion which has been a history of Brazil's contemporary development...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721641/attributing-agency-to-automated-systems-reflections-on-human-robot-collaborations-and-responsibility-loci
#5
Sven Nyholm
Many ethicists writing about automated systems (e.g. self-driving cars and autonomous weapons systems) attribute agency to these systems. Not only that; they seemingly attribute an autonomous or independent form of agency to these machines. This leads some ethicists to worry about responsibility-gaps and retribution-gaps in cases where automated systems harm or kill human beings. In this paper, I consider what sorts of agency it makes sense to attribute to most current forms of automated systems, in particular automated cars and military robots...
July 18, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717229/investigation-of-autistic-traits-through-strategic-decision-making-in-games-with-adaptive-agents
#6
Alexis B Craig, Emily Grossman, Jeffrey L Krichmar
Autism Spectrum Disorders are characterized by difficulties in communicating and cooperating with other people. Impairment in Theory of Mind (ToM), the ability to infer what another person is thinking, may contribute to these social deficits. The present study assesses the relationship between autistic traits and decision-making in a socioeconomic game environment that measures ToM and cooperation. We quantified participant strategy during game play with computer agents that simulated aspects of ToM or fixed strategy agents with static behaviors or heuristics...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714561/service-quality-and-maturity-of-health-care-organizations-through-the-lens-of-complexity-leadership-theory
#7
Ana Horvat, Jovan Filipovic
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This research focuses on Complexity Leadership Theory and the relationship between leadership-examined through the lens of Complexity Leadership Theory-and organizational maturity as an indicator of the performance of health organizations. METHODS: The research adopts a perspective that conceptualizes organizations as complex adaptive systems and draws upon a survey of opinion of 189 managers working in Serbian health organizations...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713504/strategic-thinking-and-its-related-factors-in-a-medical-science-university-in-iran
#8
Sedigheh Salavati, Effat Jahanbani Veshareh, Hossein Safari, Amir Veysian, Ghanbar Amirnezhad
BACKGROUND: Having strategic thinking is necessary in order to anticipate future changes and make strategic decisions. This study was carried out to assess the strategic thinking level in managers and personnel of Ahvaz Jundishapour University of Medical Science (AJUMS) - a public university in Iran. METHODS: It was a cross-sectional and analytical study and all managers (50) as well as a sample of personnel (200) from AJUMS participated in it. A researcher-made questionnaire was used in order to measure four dimensions of strategic thinking, including system thinking, futurism, conceptual thinking, and intelligent opportunism along with demographic and organizational characteristics of respondents...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713189/the-animal-sensorimotor-organization-a-challenge-for-the-environmental-complexity-thesis
#9
Fred Keijzer, Argyris Arnellos
Godfrey-Smith's environmental complexity thesis (ECT) is most often applied to multicellular animals and the complexity of their macroscopic environments to explain how cognition evolved. We think that the ECT may be less suited to explain the origins of the animal bodily organization, including this organization's potentiality for dealing with complex macroscopic environments. We argue that acquiring the fundamental sensorimotor features of the animal body may be better explained as a consequence of dealing with internal bodily-rather than environmental complexity...
2017: Biology & Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704943/constancy-and-change-key-issues-in-housing-and-health-research-1987-2017
#10
Roderick J Lawrence
The low impact of scientific research on the relations between housing and health during the last 30 years can be attributed to a number of reasons. First, statistical analyses have meant to improve understanding of the relations between what are interpreted and measured as causal factors. However, any single statistical approach fails to account for the dynamic non-linear relations between multiple factors and therefore cannot analyze systemic complexity. Second, there has been too little accumulation and validation of knowledge from scientific research owing to the dominance of cross-sectional studies, and the lack of coordinated research agendas using these approaches in order to confirm empirical findings...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702123/the-evolution-of-life-a-metadarwinian-integrative-approach
#11
Arnold De Loof
It is undeniably very logical to first formulate an unambiguous definition of "Life" before engaging in defining the parameters instrumental to Life's evolution. Because nearly everybody assumes, erroneously in my opinion, that catching Life's essence in a single sentence is impossible, this way of thinking remained largely unexplored in evolutionary theory. Upon analyzing what exactly happens at the transition from "still alive" to "just dead," the following definition emerged. What we call "Life" (L) is an activity...
2017: Communicative & Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702077/a-research-on-syndrome-element-differentiation-based-on-phenomenology-and-mathematical-method
#12
Enliang Yan, Jialin Song, Chaonan Liu, Wenxue Hong
BACKGROUND: As an empirical medical system independent of conventional Western medicine (CWM), over thousands of years, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has established its own unique method of diagnosis and treatment. The perspective of holism and system in TCM is essentially different from the view of Reductionism in CWM. With the development of modern science and technology, the restriction of reductionism is more and more prominent, and researchers begin to pay more attention to holistic thinking in TCM...
2017: Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693046/so-you-think-you-don-t-plunge-an-assessment-of-far-cortex-drill-tip-plunging-based-on-level-of-training
#13
Amber Leis, Frances Sharpe, J Ryan Hill, William C Pannell, Melissa L Wilson, Edward Ebramzadeh, Milan Stevanovic
INTRODUCTION: Drill bit tip plunging past the far cortex places critical anatomical structures at risk. This study measured plunging past the far cortex based on level of training. The time required for screw placement when a depth gauge was used to measure bone tunnel depth was compared to the time required for screw placement when bone tunnel depth was measured in real time. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty orthopedic surgery staff with 1-37 years of experience applied 10-hole plates to cadaveric limbs...
July 11, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691572/using-systems-thinking-to-train-future-leaders-in-global-health
#14
Anne Paxton, Laura J Frost
Systems Thinking provides a useful set of concepts and tools that can be used to train students to be effective and innovative global health leaders in an ever-changing and often chaotic world. This paper describes an experiential, multi-disciplinary curriculum that uses Systems Thinking to frame and analyse global health policies and practices. The curriculum uses case studies and hands-on activities to deepen students' understanding of the following concepts: complex adaptive systems, dynamic complexity, inter-relationships, feedback loops, policy resistance, mental models, boundary critique, leverage points, and multi-disciplinary, multi-sectoral, and multi-stakeholder thinking and action...
July 9, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691146/expanding-the-cultural-adaptation-framework-for-population-level-impact
#15
Nancy A Gonzales
Attention to cultural diversity and cultural adaptation of evidence-based interventions (EBIs) has been a longstanding priority in prevention science. However, EBIs for diverse populations present several challenges for broad dissemination and population impact. The five papers in this special issue underscore some of these challenges and offer new ways of thinking and recommendations for the next generation of type 2 translation research. This commentary underscores three broad recommendations, including the need for a more expanded conceptualization and empirical understanding of the core tension between fidelity and adaptation; greater focus on the systems of care that deliver EBIs to culturally diverse populations, including increased attention to such issues as access and engagement; and greater flexibility in strategies to adapt and evaluate interventions within and across communities and settings that serve diverse populations...
August 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690444/the-benefits-of-a-real-time-web-based-response-system-for-enhancing-engaged-learning-in-classrooms-and-public-science-events
#16
Mark A Sarvary, Kathleen M Gifford
Large introduction to neuroscience classes and small science cafés have the same goal: bridging the gap between the presenter and the audience to convey the information while being engaging. Early classroom response systems became the cornerstone of flipped and engaged learning. These "clickers" helped turn lectures into dialogues, allowing the presenter to become a facilitator rather than a "sage on the stage." Rapid technological developments, especially the increase of computing power opened up new opportunities, moving these systems from a clicker device onto cellphones and laptops...
2017: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689708/the-growing-role-of-biologics-and-biosimilars-in-the-united-states-perspectives-from-the-apha-biologics-and-biosimilars-stakeholder-conference
#17
Judy Crespi-Lofton, Jann B Skelton
OBJECTIVES: The American Pharmacists Association (APhA) convened the Biologics and Biosimilars Stakeholder Conference on November 30, 2016, in Washington DC. The objectives of the Conference were to determine the key issues and challenges within the marketplace for biologics, follow-on biologics (FOBs), and biosimilars, identify potential roles and responsibilities of pharmacists regarding biologic and biosimilar medications, and identify actions or activities that pharmacists may take to optimize the safe and cost-effective use of biologics and biosimilars...
July 6, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688801/new-onset-hemodialysis-related-headache-presenting-as-migraine-aura
#18
Domenico Chirchiglia, Michele Andreucci, Attilio Della Torre, Serena Marianna Lavano, Pasquale Chirchiglia, Angelo Lavano
Hemodialysis headache (HDH) is an infrequent new-onset symptom, occurring mainly in old uremic patients. Type of pain is nonspecific, occurs during hemodialysis treatment, assuming features similar to tension-type headache and representing a problem, also as regards the therapy to be taken. International Headache Society (IHS) has placed this form of headache among the headaches disorders of homeostasis. We found a case of new-onset HDH in old uremic man, presenting with migraine aura features. A similar case has not been reported in literature, placing us some questions: why and how does this happen? What are the mechanisms involved? Role of trigeminal-vascular system and cortical spreading depression as regards the aura could be considered, through the activation of neuroinflammatory events, lastly causing migraine aura...
June 29, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687400/a-systems-approach-to-understanding-the-identification-and-treatment-of-sport-related-concussion-in-community-rugby-union
#19
Amanda Clacy, Natassia Goode, Rachael Sharman, Geoff P Lovell, Paul Salmon
AIM: The aim of the present study was to utilise a systems thinking approach to explore the perceived responsibilities for identifying and treating concussion held by different actors across the community rugby system (e.g., players, coaches, parents, medics, referees, and management), as well as their role-specific concussion management strategies. METHODS: A systems approach was taken to assess what different stakeholders within rugby systems perceive their roles to be regarding concussion identification and treatment...
July 4, 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686605/does-the-implicit-models-of-leadership-influence-the-scanning-of-other-race-faces-in-adults
#20
Iain L Densten, Luc Borrowman
The current study aims to identify the relationships between implicit leadership theoretical (ILT) prototypes / anti-prototype and five facial features (i.e., nasion, upper nose, lower nose, and upper lip) of a leader from a different race than respondents. A sample of 81 Asian respondents viewed a 30-second video of a Caucasian female who in a non-engaging manner talked about her career achievements. As participants watch the video, their eye movements were recorded via an eye tracking devise. While previous research has identified that ILT influences perceptional and attitudinal ratings of leaders, the current study extends these findings by confirming the impact of ILT on the gaze patterns of other race participants, who appear to adopt system one type thinking...
2017: PloS One
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