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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353392/a-preliminary-survey-on-prevalence-and-knowledge-about-different-aspects-of-somnambulism-in-buner-district-of-khyber-pakhtunkhwa-pakistan
#1
Wajiha, Zaigham Hasan, Rabia Afridi, Lubna Rahman, Naveeda Akhtar Qureshi, Kausar Saeed, Humera Afridi
PURPOSE: Present study was aimed to investigate the prevalence and knowledge about different aspects of somnambulism in general population of Buner District, KP, Pakistan, during December 2015-November 2016. METHODS: Data was collected through convenient sampling technique which was comprised of structured and detailed questionnaire. Collected data regarding different actions performed by sleepwalkers were adjusted through a weighted variable to generalize results...
January 20, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353391/detection-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-with-ambulatory-holter-monitoring
#2
Ian Grasso, Mark Haigney, David Mortara, Jacob F Collen, Jordanna Hostler, Aimee Moores, Karen Sheikh, William Kelly
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome is a common condition that can impact clinical outcomes among patients with cardiovascular disease. Screening all subjects with heart disease via polysomnography (PSG) is costly and resource-limited. We sought to compare a Holter monitor-based algorithm to detect OSA to in-laboratory polysomnography (PSG). METHODS: Prospective cohort study of patients undergoing in-laboratory attended PSG for the evaluation of OSA...
January 20, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353214/effects-of-poor-sleep-quality-on-brain-functional-connectivity-revealed-by-wavelet-based-coherence-analysis-using-nirs-methods-in-elderly-subjects
#3
Lingguo Bu, Dawei Wang, Congcong Huo, Gongcheng Xu, Zengyong Li, Jianfeng Li
OBJECTIVE: Poor sleep quality, which is typically related to impairments in cognitive control, is pervasive among the elderly. However, the brain function mechanisms underlying the association between sleep and elderly behavior remain elusive. This study aims to assess the effects of poor sleep quality on low-frequency neural oscillations based on the wavelet phase coherence (WPCO) and wavelet amplitude (WA) of oxyhemoglobin concentration changes (Delta [HbO2]) measured through near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) method...
January 17, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353187/medication-use-in-a-cohort-of-newly-admitted-nursing-home-residents-ageing-nh-in-relation-to-evolving-physical-and-mental-health
#4
Ivana Ivanova, Maarten Wauters, Robert Vander Stichele, Thierry Christiaens, Jonas De Wolf, Tine Dilles, Monique Elseviers
BACKGROUND: Medication use is high among nursing home (NH) residents, but there is a lack of longitudinal studies, determining medication use at admission and its evolution over time. AIM: Describing the evolution of the medication use two years after entering a NH, compared to the baseline observations and exploring the relation to the physical and mental health. METHODS: Data from the observational prospective Ageing@NH study, based on an inception cohort of newly admitted residents at NHs (65+) was used, selecting those consenting and with medication chart available...
January 17, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352738/persistent-pain-following-common-outpatient-surgeries-in-children-a-multicenter-study-in-italy
#5
Valeria Mossetti, Karen Boretsky, Marinella Astuto, Bruno G Locatelli, David Zurakowski, Rodolfo Lio, Roberta Nicoletti, Valter Sonzogni, Micol Maffioletti, Noemi Vicchio, Giorgio Ivani
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of persistent postsurgical pain in children is over 20% after major surgeries; however, data are scarce on the prevalence, character, and risk factors among children undergoing common ambulatory surgeries. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of persistent pain following pediatric ambulatory surgery at 1, 3, and 6 months. Secondary aims were to identify risk factors and characterize the pain and consequences of persistent postsurgical pain...
January 20, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352373/sleep-interventions-designed-to-improve-athletic-performance-and-recovery-a-systematic-review-of-current-approaches
#6
REVIEW
Daniel Bonnar, Kate Bartel, Naomi Kakoschke, Christin Lang
BACKGROUND: Athletes experience various situations and conditions that can interfere with their sleep, which is crucial for optimal psychological and physiological recovery as well as subsequent performance. Conventional sleep screening and intervention approaches may not be efficacious for athletes given their lifestyle, the demands of training and travel associated with interstate/international competition. OBJECTIVES: The present systematic review aimed to summarize and evaluate sleep intervention studies targeting subsequent performance and recovery in competitive athletes...
January 20, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352360/quality-of-life-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-is-related-to-female-gender-and-comorbid-insomnia
#7
Mehmet Sezai Tasbakan, Canan Gunduz, Sebnem Pirildar, Ozen K Basoglu
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common sleep disorder affecting health-related quality of life (QoL), and OSA severity is not a reliable indicator for QoL. The aim of this study was (1) to evaluate the impact of gender on QoL and (2) to identify the predictors of QoL in OSA patients. METHODS: World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale short form (WHOQOL-Bref) was used for evaluating QoL in OSA patients undergoing polysomnography in sleep laboratory of a university hospital...
January 19, 2018: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352093/excessive-daytime-sleepiness-independently-predicts-increased-cardiovascular-risk-after-myocardial-infarction
#8
Jiang Xie, Fatima H Sert Kuniyoshi, Naima Covassin, Prachi Singh, Apoor S Gami, C Anwar A Chahal, Virend K Somers
BACKGROUND: Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), a common symptom among patients with sleep-disordered breathing, is closely associated with the development of cardiovascular diseases, but its long-term prognostic value is not completely understood. The aim of this study was to investigate whether EDS would be an independent prognostic factor after myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively recruited 112 post-myocardial infarction patients. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale was completed before polysomnography, and EDS was defined as a score ≥11...
January 19, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351899/web-based-survey-application-to-collect-contextually-relevant-geographic-data-with-exposure-times-application-development-and-feasibility-testing
#9
Abby Rudolph, Karin Tobin, Jonathan Rudolph, Carl Latkin
BACKGROUND: Although studies that characterize the risk environment by linking contextual factors with individual-level data have advanced infectious disease and substance use research, there are opportunities to refine how we define relevant neighborhood exposures; this can in turn reduce the potential for exposure misclassification. For example, for those who do not inject at home, injection risk behaviors may be more influenced by the environment where they inject than where they live...
January 19, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351827/nocturnal-rem-sleep-without-atonia-is-a-diagnostic-biomarker-of-pediatric-narcolepsy
#10
Saadoun Bin-Hasan, Aleksandar Videnovic, Kiran Maski
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Compare nocturnal REM sleep without atonia (nRWA) and REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) between pediatric patients with and without narcolepsy and determine if the nRWA index is a valid diagnostic biomarker for narcolepsy. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of children ages 6 to 18 years who completed a nocturnal polysomnogram (PSG) and Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT). Our study sample included 11 patients with narcolepsy type 1 (NT1), 6 with narcolepsy type 2 (NT2), 12 with idiopathic hypersomnia (IH), and 11 with subjective hypersomnia (sHS)...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351826/nonadherence-to-cpap-associated-with-increased-30-day-hospital-readmissions
#11
Kimberly K Truong, Rossi De Jardin, Nahal Massoudi, Mehrtash Hashemzadeh, Behrouz Jafari
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to determine if nonadherence to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is associated with increased 30-day all-cause, cardiovascular-cause, and pulmonary-cause hospital readmissions. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study at a Veterans Affairs hospital of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) who were hospitalized from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2015. Odds ratio of 30-day readmission was calculated for all-cause, cardiovascular-cause, and pulmonary-cause readmissions...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351822/influence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-the-functional-aspects-of-patients-with-osteoarthritis
#12
Andressa Silva, Marco Túlio Mello, Paula Regina Serrão, Roberta Pitta Luz, Franciele Ruiz, Lia Rita Bittencourt, Sergio Tufik, Stela Márcia Mattiello
STUDY OBJECTIVES: It has been demonstrated in recent studies that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most prevalent sleep disorder in patients with osteoarthritis (OA), and thus the current study aimed to investigate the influence of OSA on knee extensor torque, pain, stiffness, and physical function in men with low-grade knee OA. METHODS: The study included 60 male volunteers, aged 40 to 70 years, allocated into four groups: Group 1 (G1) Control (n = 15): without OA and without OSA; Group 2 (G2) (n = 15): with OA and without OSA; Group 3 (G3) (n = 15): without OA and with OSA; and Group 4 (G4) (n = 15) with OA and with OSA...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351820/restless-legs-syndrome-in-iranian-people-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-role-in-quality-of-life-and-quality-of-sleep
#13
Leila Modarresnia, Fatemeh Golgiri, Nahid Hashemi Madani, Zahra Emami, Kiarash Tanha
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and explore its role in quality of life (QoL) and quality of sleep of these patients. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study performed on 210 Iranian people with T2DM. The diagnosis of RLS was established based on the essential diagnostic criteria for RLS recommended by the National Institutes of Health. Sleep quality and QoL were assessed in all participants using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and EuroQol five-dimension questionnaire, respectively...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351819/patient-reported-outcomes-in-older-adults-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-treated-with-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy
#14
Jennifer Pallansch, Yiping Li, James Bena, Lu Wang, Nancy Foldvary-Schaefer
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Although continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy is regarded as the gold standard treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in adults, outcomes in older patients are limited. This study examines the effect of CPAP therapy in older adults with OSA (older than 60 years) compared to younger adults (age 18 to 60 years) to inform the current standard of practice. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study with a convenience sample to compare responses to CPAP treatment in older versus younger adults with OSA using validated, patient-reported outcomes (PROs)...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351818/obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-patients-with-congenital-central-hypoventilation-syndrome-ventilated-by-diaphragm-pacing-without-tracheostomy
#15
Annie Wang, Sheila Kun, Bonnie Diep, Sally L Davidson Ward, Thomas G Keens, Iris A Perez
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine presence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients with congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) ventilated by diaphragm pacing (DP) without tracheostomy, and to determine if OSA can be improved by DP setting changes. METHODS: We reviewed polysomnography (PSG) results of 15 patients with CCHS from October 2001 to April 2014, age 15.4 ± 7.8 years, body mass index 22.0 ± 6.0 kg/m2, and 60% female. RESULTS: Of the 22 PSG results obtained for the 15 patients with CCHS, 9 were performed with tracheostomy capped, and 13 were performed after patients underwent decannulation...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351795/malaria-knowledge-and-bed-net-use-in-three-transmission-settings-in-southern-africa
#16
Mufaro Kanyangarara, Harry Hamapumbu, Edmore Mamini, James Lupiya, Jennifer C Stevenson, Sungano Mharakurwa, Mike Chaponda, Philip E Thuma, Lovemore Gwanzura, Shungu Munyati, Modest Mulenga, Douglas E Norris, William J Moss
BACKGROUND: Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) reduce malaria morbidity and mortality in endemic areas. Despite increasing availability, the use of ITNs remains limited in some settings. Poor malaria knowledge is a barrier to the widespread use of ITNs. The goal of this study was to assess the levels of malaria knowledge and evaluate factors associated with bed net use among individuals residing in three regions of southern Africa with different levels of malaria transmission and control...
January 19, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351138/the-effect-of-melatonin-upon-postacute-withdrawal-among-males-in-a-residential-treatment-program-m-paws-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#17
Corry D Bondi, Khalid M Kamal, David A Johnson, Paula A Witt-Enderby, Vincent J Giannetti
OBJECTIVE: Assess the effect of melatonin (5 mg) compared with placebo as an adjuvant treatment along with current behavioral and pharmacotherapy for 28 days on weekly self-reported severity of anxiety, depression, stress, and sleep complaints, and also how sleep is affecting daily life in males 18 years of age and older in recovery from substance use at a residential program in south-western Pennsylvania. BACKGROUND: Individuals in recovery experience a variety of symptoms including, but are not limited to, anxiety, depression, sleep difficulties, and stress...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351091/circadian-rhythms-disturbances-in-alzheimer-disease-current-concepts-diagnosis-and-management
#18
Ángela Milán-Tomás, Colin M Shapiro
The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the research regarding circadian rhythms in Alzheimer disease (AD). Furthermore, this paper explores the role of melatonin in the pathogenesis of AD and the limitation of trials addressing circadian rhythms disturbances in the AD population. A literature search using Medline with PubMed and Embase was carried out identifying papers focusing on circadian rhythms in AD. Sleep disorders and especially circadian rhythm disturbances are very common in the elderly population but definitely more pronounced in patients with AD...
January 18, 2018: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351040/respiratory-polysomnographic-findings-in-patients-treated-primarily-for-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate
#19
Davi Sandes Sobral, Gustavo Juliane Faller, Marcus Vinícius Martins Collares
Cleft lip and palate (CLP) is the most common congenital craniofacial abnormality. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a highly prevalent but underdiagnosed disease and is frequently associated with craniofacial anomalies. There are few studies describing the sleep breathing pattern of children with CLP. This study sought to characterize the respiratory profile of 23 children with unilateral cleft lip and palate, aged 7-12 years, who had undergone cleft lip and nasal repair at age 3-4 months and palatoplasty at 12-15 months, with a particular focus on evaluating the presence of OSAS in children with CLP...
February 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350788/reliability-and-validity-of-the-atopic-dermatitis-symptom-score
#20
Ji Young Lee, Minji Kim, Hea-Kyoung Yang, Hyun Mi Kim, Joongbum Cho, Young-Min Kim, In Seok Lim, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Hye Seung Kim, Insuk Sohn, Jihyun Kim, Kangmo Ahn
BACKGROUND: We have developed the Atopic Dermatitis Symptom Score (ADSS) by which patients or parents can easily assess and record AD symptoms on a daily basis in a smartphone application. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of the ADSS. METHODS: We enrolled 307 children and adolescents with AD. Parents or caregivers were asked to record daily symptoms of the patients (itching, sleep disturbance, erythema, dryness, oozing, and oedema) using a scale of 0 to 4...
January 19, 2018: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
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