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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743067/-we-must-cooperate-with-one-another-against-the-enemy-agency-and-activism-in-school-aged-children-as-protective-factors-against-ongoing-war-trauma-and-political-violence-in-the-gaza-strip
#1
Guido Veronese, Alessandro Pepe, Alaa Jaradah, Feda Murannak, Housam Hamdouna
This exploratory qualitative study investigated self-perceived risk and protection factors that may reinforce the ability of children living in refugee camps on the Gaza Strip to adjust to a traumatic and risky life context characterized by loss and dispossession. The sample comprised 200 Palestinian children recruited at primary schools in four refugee camps in the Gaza Strip following the Israeli military operation "Pillar of Defence" in 2012. Thematic content analysis was applied to written materials and narratives produced by the children...
July 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742930/information-about-first-trimester-screening-and-self-reported-distress-among-pregnant-women-and-partners-comparing-two-methods-of-information-giving-in-sweden
#2
Peter Lindgren, Magdalena Stadin, Inger Blomberg, Karin Nordin, Hanna Sahlgren, Charlotta Ingvoldstad Malmgren
INTRODUCTION: Balanced information prior to prenatal diagnosis (PND) aims to help expectant parents to make an informed choice. However, it is important that the information does not increase the expectant parents' psychological distress. The aim was to examine psychological distress among expectant parents, before and after receiving information about PND, to evaluate the possible differences between two different procedures of information giving, and to evaluate the association between satisfaction with the information and psychological distress...
July 25, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742870/factors-contributing-to-food-insecurity-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-dominican-republic-a-qualitative-study
#3
Kathryn P Derose, Denise D Payán, María Altagracia Fulcar, Sergio Terrero, Ramón Acevedo, Hugo Farías, Kartika Palar
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity contributes to poor health outcomes among people living with HIV. In Latin America and the Caribbean, structural factors such as poverty, stigma, and inequality disproportionately affect women and may fuel both the HIV epidemic and food insecurity. METHODS: We examined factors contributing to food insecurity among women living with HIV (WLHIV) in the Dominican Republic (DR). Data collection included in-depth, semi-structured interviews in 2013 with 30 WLHIV with indications of food insecurity who resided in urban or peri-urban areas and were recruited from local HIV clinics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742281/structured-identification-of-response-options-to-address-environmental-health-risks-at-the-agbogbloshie-electronic-waste-site
#4
Danielle Cazabon, Julius N Fobil, George Essegbey, Niladri Basu
Electronic waste (E-waste) is a growing problem across low- and middle-income countries. Agbogbloshie (Accra, Ghana) is among the world's largest and most notorious e-waste sites, with an increasing number of studies documenting a range of environmental health risks. This study aimed to provide national, regional, and international stakeholders with a summary of expert opinion on the most pressing problems arising from e-waste activities at Agbogbloshie, as well as suggested solutions to address these problems...
July 25, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742245/patients-expectations-on-spinal-cord-stimulation-for-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-a-qualitative-exploration
#5
Dylan J H A Henssen, Nicole Scheepers, Erkan Kurt, Inge Arnts, Monique Steegers, Kris Vissers, Robert van Dongen, Yvonne Engels
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is an effective therapy to reduce pain in patients that suffer from failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS). In order to inform patients optimally prior to this therapy, knowing their expectations is crucial. METHODS: Thirteen patients suffering from FBSS and scheduled for SCS were interviewed, using a semi-structured protocol. Patients were interviewed either at home or at their treating hospital. Data from these interviews were analyzed using directed content analysis...
July 25, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740744/hippocampal-volume-as-an-amplifier-of-the-effect-of-social-context-on-adolescent-depression
#6
Roberta A Schriber, Zainab Anbari, Richard W Robins, Rand D Conger, Paul D Hastings, Amanda E Guyer
Recent models have focused on how brain-based individual differences in social sensitivity shape affective development in adolescence, when rates of depression escalate. Given the importance of the hippocampus in binding contextual and affective elements of experience, as well as its putative role in depression, we examined hippocampal volume as a moderator of the effects of social context on depressive symptoms in a sample of 209 Mexican-origin adolescents. Adolescents with larger versus smaller hippocampal volumes showed heightened sensitivity in their depressive symptoms to a protective factor inside the home (sense of family connectedness) and a risk factor outside of it (community crime exposure)...
July 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740424/risk-and-protective-factors-in-the-clinical-rehabilitation-of-chronic-back-pain
#7
Pia-Maria Wippert, Michael Fliesser, Matthias Krause
OBJECTIVES: Chronic back pain (CBP) can lead to disability and burden. In addition to its medical causes, its development is influenced by psychosocial risk factors, the so-called flag factors, which are categorized and integrated into many treatment guidelines. Currently, most studies investigate single flag factors, which limit the estimation of individual factor significance in the development of chronic pain. Furthermore, factors concerning patients' lifestyle, biography and treatment history are often neglected...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739837/mortality-and-causes-of-death-among-homeless-in-finland-a-10-year-follow-up-study
#8
Agnes Stenius-Ayoade, Peija Haaramo, Hannu Kautiainen, Mika Gissler, Kristian Wahlbeck, Johan G Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Homelessness is associated with increased mortality, and some predictors of mortality have been previously identified. We examined the overall and cause-specific mortality among homeless men in Helsinki and the associations of social background and health service use with mortality. METHODS: To assess cause-specific mortality in a competing risks framework, we performed a register-based, case-control study of 617 homeless men and an age-matched control group of 1240 men from the general population that were followed for 10 years between 2004 and 2014...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739778/a-multilevel-analysis-of-risk-and-protective-factors-for-canadian-youth-injured-or-killed-by-interpersonal-violence
#9
Carolyn E Snider, Marni Brownell, Brenden Dufault, Nicole Barrett, Heather Prior, Carla Cochrane
PURPOSE: The study's purpose was to determine individual-level and neighbourhood-level risk and protective factors for severe intentional injury among youth. METHODS: We conducted a multilevel case-control study using registry data to determine individual-level and neighbourhood-level social determinants associated with severe violent injury/homicide among youth from Winnipeg, Manitoba. RESULTS: The study includes 13 206 youth, aged 12-24 years (1222 cases, 11 984 controls)...
July 24, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737075/socialization-indifference-and-convenience-exploring-the-uptake-of-influenza-vaccine-among-medical-students-and-early-career-doctors
#10
Rhiannon Edge, Dawn Goodwin, Rachel Isba, Thomas Keegan
The Chief Medical Officer recommends that all health care workers receive an influenza vaccination annually. High vaccination coverage is believed to be the best protection against the spread of influenza within a hospital, although uptake by health care workers remains low. We conducted semistructured interviews with seven medical students and nine early career doctors, to explore the factors informing their influenza vaccination decision making. Data collection and analysis took place iteratively, until theoretical saturation was achieved, and a thematic analysis was performed...
July 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736972/reduced-risk-of-emergency-admission-for-colorectal-cancer-associated-with-introduction-of-bowel-cancer-screening-across-england-retrospective-national-cohort-study
#11
J Geraghty, M Shawihdi, E Devonport, S Sarkar, M G Pearson, K Bodger
AIM: We examined whether roll out of the bowel cancer screening programme (BCSP) across England was associated with a reduced risk of emergency hospital admission for people presenting with colorectal cancer (CRC) during this period. METHOD: This is a retrospective cohort study of 27,763 incident cases of CRC over a 1-year period during the roll-out of screening across parts of England. The primary outcome was the number of emergency (unplanned) hospital admissions during the diagnostic pathway...
July 24, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736884/direct-and-indirect-pathways-from-adverse-childhood-experiences-to-high-school-dropout-among-high-risk-adolescents
#12
Anne S Morrow, Miguel T Villodas
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with an increased risk for school dropout. This study examined pathways from childhood adversity to school dropout through academic, behavioral, emotional, and social pathways. Data were collected prospectively from 728 adolescents and their caregivers who participated in the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect and from child protective services records. Path analyses revealed a direct association between ACEs and dropout, as well as indirect effects through poor reading achievement and elevated externalizing problems...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736840/issop-position-statement-on-migrant-child-health
#13
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
Greater numbers of children are on the move than ever before. In 2015, the number of forcibly displaced people across the globe reached 65.3 million. Of the more than 1 million migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees who arrived in Europe in 2015, nearly one third were children, and 90,000 of these children were unaccompanied. Child migrants are among the most vulnerable, even after arriving at their destination. The health of migrant children is related to their health status before their journey, the conditions during their journey and at their destination, and the physical and mental health of their caregivers...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735681/young-children-will-lie-to-prevent-a-moral-transgression
#14
Teresa Harvey, Telli Davoodi, Peter R Blake
Children believe that it is wrong to tell lies, yet they are willing to lie prosocially to adhere to social norms and to protect a listener's feelings. However, it is not clear whether children will lie instrumentally to intervene on behalf of a third party when a moral transgression is likely to occur. In three studies (N=270), we investigated the conditions under which 5- to 8-year-olds would tell an "interventional lie" in order to misdirect one child who was seeking another child in a park. In Study 1, older children lied more when the seeker intended to steal a toy from another child than when the seeker intended to give cookies to the child...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734118/the-perniciousness-of-perfectionism-a-meta-analytic-review-of-the-perfectionism-suicide-relationship
#15
Martin M Smith, Simon B Sherry, Samantha Chen, Donald H Saklofske, Christopher Mushquash, Gordon L Flett, Paul L Hewitt
Over 50 years of research implicates perfectionism in suicide. Yet the role of perfectionism in suicide needs clarification due to notable between-study inconsistencies in findings, underpowered studies, and uncertainty whether perfectionism confers risk for suicide. OBJECTIVE: We addressed this by meta-analyzing perfectionism's relationship with suicide ideation and attempts. We also tested whether self-oriented, other-oriented, and socially prescribed perfectionism predicted increased suicide ideation, beyond baseline ideation...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734099/measuring-the-social-impact-of-dental-research-an-insight-into-the-most-influential-articles-on-the-web
#16
K Delli, C Livas, F K L Spijkervet, A Vissink
OBJECTIVES: To identify the most discussed dental articles on the Web and to assess the association between the intensity of online attention, publication characteristics and citations. MATERIALS & METHODS: An Altmetric Explorer search was conducted for articles published in the 91 dental journals included in 2015 InCites(™) Journal Citation Report(®) and mentioned online at all times. The 100 articles with the highest online attention, as measured by the 'Altmetric Attention Score' (AAS), were screened for journal title, quartile of impact factor distribution (Q1-Q4), publication date, origin and affiliation of first author, article topic, type and access...
July 22, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734089/dementia-risk-and-prevention-by-targeting-modifiable-vascular-risk-factors
#17
REVIEW
Sana Tariq, Philip A Barber
The incidence of dementia is expected to double in the next 20 years and will contribute to heavy social and economic burden. Dementia is caused by neuronal loss that leads to brain atrophy years before symptoms manifest. Currently, no cure exists and extensive efforts are being made to mitigate cognitive impairment in late life in order to reduce the burden on patients, caregivers, and society. The most common type of dementia, Alzheimer's disease (AD), and vascular dementia (VaD) often co-exists in the brain and shares common, modifiable risk factors, which are targeted in numerous secondary prevention trials...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733921/social-support-networks-and-hiv-sti-risk-behaviors-among-latino-immigrants-in-a-new-receiving-environment
#18
Meghan D Althoff, Katherine Theall, Norine Schmidt, John Hembling, Hirut T Gebrekristos, Michelle M Thompson, Stephen Q Muth, Samuel R Friedman, Patricia Kissinger
The objectives of this study were to: (1) describe the quantity and quality of social support networks of Latino immigrants living in a new receiving environment, and (2) determine the role such networks play in their HIV/STI risk behaviors, including substance use. Double incentivized convenience sampling was used to collect egocentric social support network data on 144 Latino immigrants. Latent class analysis was used for data reduction and to identify items best suited to measure quality and quantity of social support...
July 21, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732496/accuracy-and-determinants-of-perceived-hiv-risk-among-young-women-in-south-africa
#19
Brendan Maughan-Brown, Atheendar S Venkataramani
BACKGROUND: HIV risk perceptions are a key determinant of HIV testing. The success of efforts to achieve an AIDS-free generation - including reaching the UNAIDS 90-90-90 target - thus depends critically on the content of these perceptions. We examined the accuracy of HIV-risk perceptions and their correlates among young black women in South Africa, a group with one of the highest HIV incidence rates worldwide. METHODS: We used individual-level longitudinal data from the Cape Area Panel Study (CAPS) from 2005 to 2009 on black African women (20-30 years old in 2009) to assess the association between perceived HIV-risk in 2005 and the probability of testing HIV-positive four years later...
July 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732151/patients-attitudes-and-experiences-of-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-spondyloarthritis-a-qualitative-synthesis
#20
Ayano Kelly, Kathleen Tymms, David J Tunnicliffe, Daniel Sumpton, Chandima Perera, Kieran Fallon, Jonathan C Craig, Walter Abhayaratna, Allison Tong
OBJECTIVES: Non-adherence to disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDS) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and spondyloarthritis (SpA) results in increased disease activity and symptoms and poorer quality of life. We aimed to describe patients' attitudes and experiences of DMARDs in RA and SpA to inform strategies to improve medication adherence. METHODS: Databases (MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL) were searched to January 2016. Thematic synthesis was used to analyze the findings...
July 21, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
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