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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783266/multiorgan-failure-syndrome-in-newborns-role-of-social-and-anatomico-functional-features-literature-review
#1
Dmytro A Skurupii, Evgeniy G Sonnyk, Vitaliy M Sizonenko
Protection of maternal health as well as protection of fetal and newborn health is a strategic objective in all countries. It ensures the formation of healthy generation as the basis of gene pool preservation and further development of the nation. It is known that the progress of critical conditions in newborns is different from classical concepts. Аnatomicofunctional features of the newborns (especially premature newborns), the effect of prenatal pathological factors are provocative and background factors of the multiorgan failure syndrome begining in these patients, which probably affects frequency of appearance of this syndrome, the mechanisms of development, clinical manifestations, the final of the disease and makes doctors to consider newborns in critical conditions as high-risk group for multiorgan failure syndrome appearance...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783058/memory-retrieval-of-everyday-information-under-stress
#2
Lisa-Marie Stock, Christian J Merz
Psychosocial stress is known to crucially influence learning and memory processes. Several studies have already shown an impairing effect of elevated cortisol concentrations on memory retrieval. These studies mainly used learning material consisting of stimuli with a limited ecological validity. When using material with a social contextual component or with educational relevant material both impairing and enhancing stress effects on memory retrieval could be observed. In line with these latter studies, the present experiment also used material with a higher ecological validity (a coherent text consisting of daily relevant numeric, figural and verbal information)...
May 18, 2018: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782516/how-a-smiley-protects-health-a-pilot-intervention-to-improve-hand-hygiene-in-hospitals-by-activating-injunctive-norms-through-emoticons
#3
Susanne Gaube, Dimitrios Tsivrikos, Daniel Dollinger, Eva Lermer
Hand hygiene practice in hospitals is unfortunately still widely insufficient, even though it is known that transmitting pathogens via hands is the leading cause of healthcare-associated infections. Previous research has shown that improving knowledge, providing feedback on past behaviour and targeting social norms are promising approaches to improve hand hygiene practices. The present field experiment was designed to direct people on when to perform hand hygiene and prevent forgetfulness. This intervention is the first to examine the effect of inducing injunctive social norms via an emoticon-based feedback system on hand hygiene behaviour...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781708/risk-and-protective-factors-for-wellbeing-in-older-veterans-in-new-zealand
#4
Polly Yeung, Joanne Allen, Hazel K Godfrey, Fiona Alpass, Christine Stephens
OBJECTIVES: To compare indicators relating to aging and health among veterans and non-veterans, and identify factors associated with subjective wellbeing (SWB) of older New Zealand veterans. METHODS: Self-reported data were obtained from participants in a longitudinal cohort study of New Zealand older adults. Responses from 352 veterans and 1500 non-veterans (age range of 55-86 and gender matched) were selected as a comparison group on indicators related to health and aging...
May 21, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781692/significance-of-mental-health-legislation-for-successful-primary-care-for-mental-health-and-community-mental-health-services-a-review
#5
Getinet Ayano
BACKGROUND:  Mental health legislation (MHL) is required to ensure a regulatory framework for mental health services and other providers of treatment and care, and to ensure that the public and people with a mental illness are afforded protection from the often-devastating consequences of mental illness. AIMS:  To provide an overview of evidence on the significance of MHL for successful primary care for mental health and community mental health servicesMethod: A qualitative review of the literature on the significance of MHL for successful primary care for mental health and community mental health services was conducted...
March 29, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781587/patients-concerns-and-perceptions-regarding-biologic-therapies-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-insights-from-a-large-scale-survey-of-social-media-platforms
#6
Eldin Dzubur, Carine Khalil, Christopher V Almario, Benjamin Noah, Deeba Minhas, Mariko Ishimori, Corey Arnold, Yujin Park, Jonathan Kay, Michael H Weisman, Brennan M R Spiegel
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have examined ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients' concerns and perceptions of biologic therapies outside of traditional surveys. In this study, we used social media data to examine AS patients' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding biologic therapies. METHODS: We collected posts from 601 social media sites made between 1/1/06-4/26/17. Each post mentioned both an AS keyword and a biologic. To explore themes within the collection in an unsupervised manner, a latent Dirichlet allocation topic model was fit to the dataset...
May 21, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781577/-googling-gout-exploring-perceptions-about-gout-through-a-linguistic-analysis-of-online-search-activities
#7
Kayla N Jordan, James W Pennebaker, Keith J Petrie, Nicola Dalbeth
AIMS: To understand what terms people seeking information about gout use most frequently in online searches and explore the psychological and emotional tone of these searches. METHODS: A large de-identified dataset of search histories from major search engines was analyzed. Participants who searched for gout (n=1,117), arthritis (arthritis search control group, n=2,036, age and sex-matched), and a random set of age and sex-matched participants (general control group, n=2,150) were included...
May 21, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781554/children-who-face-development-risks-due-to-maternal-addiction-during-pregnancy-require-extra-medical-and-psychosocial-resources
#8
Jenny Rangmar, Maria Lilja, Marie Köhler, Antonia Reuter
AIM: This study examined medical and psychosocial risk factors in children born to women with addiction problems during pregnancy and the children's needs for extra medical and psychosocial resources. METHODS: Swedish midwives routinely screen pregnant women for drugs and alcohol and refer women with addictions to the Maternity and Child Healthcare Resource Team. We investigated the medical records of 127 children (51% girls) whose mothers were referred to the Resource Team from 2009-2015...
May 21, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780687/the-intention-to-use-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-switzerland-testing-an-extended-explanatory-model-drawing-on-the-unified-theory-of-acceptance-and-use-of-technology-utaut
#9
Sibylle Nideröst, Daniel Gredig, Benedikt Hassler, Franziska Uggowitzer, Patrick Weber
Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the intention to use pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) when available and to identify predictors of the intention to use PrEP among men who have sex with men (MSM) living in Switzerland. The theoretical model drew on the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology and considered additional variables related specifically to PrEP, HIV protection and the resources of MSM. Subject and methods: For data collection, we used an anonymous, standardized self-administered online questionnaire...
2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779253/community-based-native-seed-production-for-restoration-in-brazil-the-role-of-science-and-policy
#10
Isabel B Schmidt, Danilo I de Urzedo, Fatima C M Piña-Rodrigues, Daniel L M Vieira, Gustavo M de Rezende, Alexandre B Sampaio, Rodrigo G P Junqueira
Large-scale restoration programs in the tropics require large volumes of high quality, genetically diverse and locally adapted seeds from large number of species. However, scarcity of native seeds is a critical restriction to achieve restoration targets. In this paper, we analyze three successful community-based networks that supply native seeds and seedlings for Brazilian Amazon and Cerrado restoration projects. In addition, we propose directions to promote local participation, legal, technical and commercialization issues for upscaling the market of native seeds for restoration with high quality and social justice...
May 20, 2018: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779059/youth-responses-to-school-shootings-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Áine Travers, Tracey McDonagh, Ask Elklit
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper aims to synthesize research relating to youth responses to school shootings between 2014 and 2017. The main questions it addresses are how such events impact young people psychologically, and what risk or protective factors may contribute to different trajectories of recovery? RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research suggests that most young people exposed to school shootings demonstrate resilience, exhibiting no long-term dysfunction. However, a minority will experience severe and chronic symptoms...
May 19, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775994/a-broader-understanding-of-care-managers-attitudes-of-advance-care-planning-a-concurrent-nested-design
#12
Julie Aultman, Kristin R Baughman, Ruth Ludwick
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine barriers of advance care planning (ACP) experienced by care managers (CMs) through a mixed methods approach. A concurrent nested design was used to acquire a deeper understanding of ACP, and to identify nuances between quantitative and qualitative data. BACKGROUND: Past quantitative studies on providers have identified barriers related to time, culture, knowledge, responsibility, and availability of legal documents. These barriers, and accompanying attitudes and feelings, have been taken at face value without rich qualitative data to identify under what conditions and to what extent a barrier impacts care...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775509/exploring-the-growth-trajectory-of-cultural-competence-in-taiwanese-paediatric-nurses
#13
Chiu-I Chen, Mei-Chih Huang
AIM: The purpose of this study was to explore the evolution of cultural competence in Taiwanese paediatric nurses. BACKGROUND: Because transnational marriage has become a social phenomenon in Taiwan, the proportion of newborns of new immigrant mothers accounts for 8-10% of total births every year. Since family-centered care is the core value of paediatric nursing, it is necessary to teach caregivers how to take care of hospitalized children and perform related nursing care as well as to determine what difficulties nurses will encounter when they care for patients from diverse cultures and to find solutions for these problems...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775507/-coming-from-a-different-place-partnerships-between-consumers-and-health-services-for-system-change
#14
Brett Scholz, Julia Bocking, Michelle Banfield, Chris Platania-Phung, Brenda Happell
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study is to explore whether and how the expectations of consumers to be 'representative' influences consumers' ability to contribute to health services partnerships. BACKGROUND: Health standards call for services to partner with consumers in service development and governance. While existing research criticises the assumption that individual mental health consumers working with mental health services must be representative of consumers more broadly, research has yet to explore whether this requirement exists for consumers of other health services...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775475/perceptions-of-community-safety-and-social-activity-participation-among-youth-in-south-africa
#15
Nicole De Wet, Oluwaseyi Somefun, Ndivhuwo Rambau
BACKGROUND: Crime and violence causes massive disruptions to the health, survival and development of populations. In South Africa, incredibly high rates of crime and violence are noted. The country also has a very large youth population whose health, survival and development are key to economic growth. Among other efforts to encourage healthy youth development and the promotion of social activities such as sports, youth groups, choirs and so forth. This study examines the relationship between perceived community safety and the uptake of social activities among youth in South Africa...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774962/maternal-regulation-of-the-infant-s-hpa-axis-stress-response-seymour-gig-levine-s-legacy-to-neuroendocrinology
#16
REVIEW
Deborah Suchecki
Thirty years ago, Seymour 'Gig' Levine published a serendipitous, yet, seminal finding on the regulatory role of maternal presence on the corticosterone stress response of neonatal rats, during the developmental period know as stress hyporesponsive period. At the same time, his group of students also studied the stress response of infant monkeys to maternal separation, as a means to understand the stressful nature of disruptions of attachment to the primary caregiver. Gig and his group of students and collaborators, mainly in the USA and the Netherlands, investigated how initial social relationships buffer the stress response of non-human primate and rodent infants...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774559/modeling-effects-of-risk-and-social-distance-on-vaccination-choice
#17
David P Jarmolowicz, Derek D Reed, Alex J Francisco, Jared M Bruce, Shea M Lemley, Amanda S Bruce
Despite vaccines' consistently demonstrated effectiveness, vaccination rates remain suboptimal due to vaccine refusal. Low vaccination rates are particularly problematic for individuals who cannot be vaccinated for medical reasons and thus must rely on herd immunity (i.e., protection of vulnerable individuals due to the high rate of vaccination of other-often socially distant-individuals). The current study uses a novel decision-making task to examine how three variables impacted participants' highest acceptable probability of side effects to their children: 1) the severity of the side effects their children experience, 2) the social distance to the beneficiary of the vaccination, and 3) the probability that the vaccine will prevent disease for that designated beneficiary...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773510/implications-of-the-abcd-study-for-developmental-neuroscience
#18
Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, James M Bjork, Monica Luciana
The Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development Study (ABCD) will capture a breadth of multi-faceted biobehavioral, environmental, familial, and genetic longitudinal developmental open-access data from over 11,000 9-10 year olds throughout the United States of America (USA) for an envisioned ten-year span. This will subsequently represent the largest study ever attempted with this level of brain phenotypic detail. This study holds the opportunity for exciting advances in the understanding of typical adolescent neurodevelopment, discovery of neurodevelopmental underpinnings of mental illness, as well as the neurodevelopmental influences of (and on) social factors, substance use, and critically - their interaction...
May 14, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773083/reprising-the-globalization-dimensions-of-international-health
#19
EDITORIAL
Ronald Labonté
Globalization is a fairly recent addition to the panoply of concepts describing the internationalization of health concerns. What distinguishes it from 'international health' or its newer morphing into 'global health' is a specific analytical concern with how globalization processes, past or present, but particularly since the start of our neoliberal era post-1980, is affecting health outcomes. Globalization processes influence health through multiple social pathways: from health systems and financing reforms to migration flows and internal displacement; via trade and investment treaties, labour market 'flexibilization', and the spread of unhealthy commodities; or through deploying human rights and environment protection treaties, and strengthening health diplomacy efforts, to create more equitable and sustainable global health outcomes...
May 18, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772813/the-rights-of-children-on-the-move-and-the-budapest-declaration
#20
Charles Oberg
It has been estimated that more than 50,000,000 children and youth have migrated across borders or been forcibly displaced within their own country. They consist of refugees, asylum seekers, internally displaced persons (IDP), economic migrants, and exploited trafficked children. They are virtually "stateless", children deprived of the protective structures of state and family that they need and deserve and unrecognized by either their country of origin or the international community. This opinion piece starts with the personal reflections of its author on his recent work in Middle East refugee camps...
May 17, 2018: Children
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