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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349238/engagement-with-health-care-providers-as-a-mediator-between-social-capital-and-quality-of-life-among-a-sample-of-people-living-with-hiv-in-the-united-states-path-analysis
#1
SoSon Jong, Adam Carrico, Bruce Cooper, Lisa Thompson, Carmen Portillo
Background: Social capital is "features of social organizations-networks, norms, and as trust that facilitate coordination and cooperation for mutual benefit". People with high social capital have lower mortality and better health outcomes. Although utilization of social networks has grown, social capital continues to be a complex concept in relation to health promotion. This study examined 1) associations between social capital and quality of life (QoL), 2) factors of social capital leading to higher QoL among people living with HIV (PLWH), 3) role of health care providers (HCP) as a mediator between social capital and QoL...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349235/social-pathways-to-health-on-the-mediating-role-of-the-social-network-in-the-relation-between-socio-economic-position-and-health
#2
Marja Aartsen, Marijke Veenstra, Thomas Hansen
Good health is one of the key qualities of life, but opportunities to be and remain healthy are unequally distributed across socio-economic groups. The beneficial health effects of the social network are well known. However, research on the social network as potential mediator in the pathway from socio-economic position (SEP) to health is scarce, while there are good reasons to expect a socio-economical patterning of networks. We aim to contribute to our understanding of socio-economic inequalities in health by examining the mediating role of structural and functional characteristics of the social network in the SEP-health relationship...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349234/adult-health-returns-to-education-by-key-childhood-social-and-economic-indicators-results-from-representative-european-data
#3
Matthew A Andersson, Kenneth Vaughan
In the United States, associations between attained education and adult health typically are larger for those from disadvantaged childhood backgrounds. However, it remains unclear how specific key childhood indicators contribute to these adult health patterns, especially outside the United States. Drawing on the 2014 European Social Survey (20 countries; N=31544), we investigate the key childhood and adolescent indicators of parental education, childhood financial strain, and any serious household conflict growing up, given how these early exposures are known to correlate strongly with both educational attainment and adult health...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349232/health-and-well-being-at-work-the-key-role-of-supervisor-support
#4
Oliver Hämmig
This study aims to explore whether and in what way social support from different sources and domains makes an additional or different and independent contribution to various health and work-related outcomes. Cross-sectional data were used from an employee survey among the workforces of four service companies from different industries in Switzerland. The study sample covered 5,877 employees of working age. The lack of social support from a spouse, relatives, friends, direct supervisors, closest colleagues at work and other co-workers in case of problems at work and at home were assessed and studied individually and jointly as risk factors with respect to a total number of eight outcomes...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349223/social-participation-and-self-rated-psychological-health-a-longitudinal-study-on-bhps
#5
Damiano Fiorillo, Giuseppe Lubrano Lavadera, Nunzia Nappo
Although social capital has been hypothesized to have positive influence on psychological health, a relationship between social capital dimensions and psychological wellbeing has rarely been found. This longitudinal study investigates the relationship between social participation in associations and self-rated psychological health. The paper uses five waves of the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) from 1991 to 1995 (unbalanced panel N=45,761). Ordered logit fixed effect methods were used to study the longitudinal link between structural social capital (being a member, active, and both a member and active in associations) and self-rated psychological health assessed by single items of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) controlling for age, marital status, household size, number of children, education, income, economic status, number of visits to the GP and health problems...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346375/how-do-we-reach-the-girls-and-women-who-are-the-hardest-to-reach-inequitable-opportunities-in-reproductive-and-maternal-health-care-services-in-armed-conflict-and-forced-displacement-settings-in-colombia
#6
Juan Carlos Rivillas, Raul Devia Rodriguez, Gloria Song, Andréanne Martel
OBJECTIVES: This paper assesses inequalities in access to reproductive and maternal health services among females affected by forced displacement and sexual and gender-based violence in conflict settings in Colombia. This was accomplished through the following approaches: first, we assessed the gaps and gradients in three selected reproductive and maternal health care services. Second, we analyzed the patterns of inequalities in reproductive and maternal health care services and changes over time...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346005/ethical-issues-in-social-media-research-for-public-health
#7
Ruth F Hunter, Aisling Gough, Niamh O'Kane, Gary McKeown, Aine Fitzpatrick, Tom Walker, Michelle McKinley, Mandy Lee, Frank Kee
Social media (SM) offer huge potential for public health research, serving as a vehicle for surveillance, delivery of health interventions, recruitment to trials, collection of data, and dissemination. However, the networked nature of the data means they are riddled with ethical challenges, and no clear consensus has emerged as to the ethical handling of such data. This article outlines the key ethical concerns for public health researchers using SM and discusses how these concerns might best be addressed. Key issues discussed include privacy; anonymity and confidentiality; authenticity; the rapidly changing SM environment; informed consent; recruitment, voluntary participation, and sampling; minimizing harm; and data security and management...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345005/-there-s-no-acknowledgement-of-what-this-does-to-people-a-qualitative-exploration-of-mental-health-among-parents-of-children-with-critical-congenital-heart-defects
#8
Sarah Woolf-King, Emily Arnold, Sandra Weiss, David Teitel
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore the psychological impact of parenting a child with a critical congenital heart defect (CHD), and the feasibility and acceptability of integrating psychological services into pediatric cardiology care. BACKGROUND: Children with critical CHD are at an increased risk for long-term behavioral, social, and emotional difficulties. Data suggest that this risk is partially attributable to parental mental health, which is a stronger predictor of long-term behavioral problems in CHD children than disease-specific and surgical factors...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344939/socially-informed-dispersal-in-a-territorial-cooperative-breeder
#9
Gabriele Cozzi, Nino Maag, Luca Börger, Tim Clutton-Brock, Arpat Ozgul
1.Dispersal is a key process governing the dynamics of socially and spatially structured populations, and involves three distinct stages: emigration, transience, and settlement. At each stage, individuals have to make movement decisions, which are influenced by social, environmental, and individual factors. Yet, a comprehensive understanding of the drivers that influence such decisions is still lacking, particularly for the transient stage during which free-living individuals are inherently difficult to follow...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343594/strong-social-relationships-are-associated-with-decreased-longevity-in-a-facultatively-social-mammal
#10
Daniel T Blumstein, Dana M Williams, Alexandra N Lim, Svenja Kroeger, Julien G A Martin
Humans in strong social relationships are more likely to live longer because social relationships may buffer stressors and thus have protective effects. However, a shortcoming of human studies is that they often rely on self-reporting of these relationships. By contrast, observational studies of non-human animals permit detailed analyses of the specific nature of social relationships. Thus, discoveries that some social animals live longer and healthier lives if they are involved in social grooming, forage together or have more affiliative associates emphasizes the potential importance of social relationships on health and longevity...
January 31, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342510/validation-of-the-social-appearance-anxiety-scale-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis-a-scleroderma-patient-centered-intervention-network-cohort-study
#11
Sarah D Mills, Linda Kwakkenbos, Marie-Eve Carrier, Shadi Gholizadeh, Rina S Fox, Lisa R Jewett, Karen Gottesman, Scott C Roesch, Brett D Thombs, Vanessa L Malcarne
OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease that can cause disfiguring changes in appearance. This study examined the structural validity, internal consistency reliability, convergent validity, and measurement equivalence of the Social Appearance Anxiety Scale (SAAS) across SSc disease subtypes. METHODS: Patients enrolled in the Scleroderma Patient-centered Intervention Network Cohort completed the SAAS and measures of appearance-related concerns and psychological distress...
January 17, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341270/pre-transplant-depression-in-lung-recipients-a-lost-battle
#12
Ivan Knezevic, Bojan Zalar
What have we learned so far about the relationship of the recipient's pre-transplant depression and his survival after lung transplantation? First, every chronic disease is always accompanied by somatic changes, functional limitations and emotional, cognitive and social changes as part of the disease. From the first symptoms, to the time of diagnosis of the chronic disease with the expected future, the patient is exposed to the terrible stress of denying and accepting life with a serious chronic illness whose end result is death...
January 16, 2018: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341201/diversity-in-cancer-care-exploring-social-categories-in-encounters-between-healthcare-professionals-and-breast-cancer-patients
#13
Nanna Nyholm, Ida Halvorsen, Anna Mygind, Ulla Christensen, Maria Kristiansen
BACKGROUND: The burden of breast cancer is a key challenge for women's health globally. Rehabilitation needs and strategies for living with long-term consequences of breast cancer and its treatment cannot be isolated from the social contexts of patients, including relationships with relatives and healthcare professionals. AIM: This study explores how healthcare professionals' categorisations engage with breast cancer patients' social identities in encounters about rehabilitation before hospital discharge...
January 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341067/vitamin-e-for-antipsychotic-induced-tardive-dyskinesia
#14
REVIEW
Karla Soares-Weiser, Nicola Maayan, Hanna Bergman
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic (neuroleptic) medication is used extensively to treat people with chronic mental illnesses. Its use, however, is associated with adverse effects, including movement disorders such as tardive dyskinesia (TD) - a problem often seen as repetitive involuntary movements around the mouth and face. Vitamin E has been proposed as a treatment to prevent or decrease TD. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine the clinical effects of vitamin E in people with schizophrenia or other chronic mental illness who had developed antipsychotic-induced TD...
January 17, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340965/emotional-and-social-characteristics-of-stroke-patients-with-low-verbal-memory
#15
Ewa Zawadzka, Łucja Domańska
BACKGROUND: Cognitive deficits, especially problems with memory observed after stroke often coexist with patients' experience of difficulties in everyday life situations. AIMS: The purposes of the study were to explore the relationships between verbal memory, emotional functioning and social competence in stroke patients, and to examine the emotional and social condition of stroke patients with low verbal memory. METHODS: Ninety-five participants were assessed with the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, the Neuropsychology Behavior and Affect Profile, and the Social Competency Questionnaire...
January 17, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339470/a-randomized-controlled-design-reveals-barriers-to-citizenship-for-low-income-immigrants
#16
Jens Hainmueller, Duncan Lawrence, Justin Gest, Michael Hotard, Rey Koslowski, David D Laitin
Citizenship endows legal protections and is associated with economic and social gains for immigrants and their communities. In the United States, however, naturalization rates are relatively low. Yet we lack reliable knowledge as to what constrains immigrants from applying. Drawing on data from a public/private naturalization program in New York, this research provides a randomized controlled study of policy interventions that address these constraints. The study tested two programmatic interventions among low-income immigrants who are eligible for citizenship...
January 16, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339262/the-long-term-physical-and-psychological-health-impacts-of-flooding-a-systematic-mapping
#17
REVIEW
Shuang Zhong, Lianping Yang, Sam Toloo, Zhe Wang, Shilu Tong, Xiaojie Sun, David Crompton, Gerard FitzGerald, Cunrui Huang
BACKGROUND: Flooding has caused significant and wide ranging long-term health impacts for affected populations. However, until now, the long-term health outcomes, epidemiological trends and specific impact factors of flooding had not been identified. In this study, the relevant literature was systematically mapped to create the first synthesis of the evidence of the long-term health impacts of flooding. METHODS: The systematic mapping method was used to collect and categorize all the relevant literature...
January 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338743/the-prospective-and-concurrent-effect-of-exercise-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-over-a-3%C3%A2-year-period
#18
Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Mathieu F Bélanger
BACKGROUND: It is not clear whether socioeconomic status influences health outcomes among older adults through its effect on physical activity. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of sex and neighborhood socio-economic status on the change in health related quality of life (HR-QOL) as a function of physical activity over a three-year period. METHODS: This cohort study included French-speaking community-dwelling older adults recruited in primary care practices in the province of Quebec and participating in the 'Étude sur la Santé des Ainés' (ESA)-Services study on the health of the elderly...
January 16, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337928/protective-factors-in-the-inuit-population-of-nunavut-a-comparative-study-of-people-who-died-by-suicide-people-who-attempted-suicide-and-people-who-never-attempted-suicide
#19
Véronique Beaudoin, Monique Séguin, Nadia Chawky, William Affleck, Eduardo Chachamovich, Gustavo Turecki
Epidemiological data shows an alarming prevalence of suicide in Aboriginal populations around the world. In Canada, the highest rates are found in Inuit communities. In this article, we present the findings of a secondary analysis conducted with data previously collected as part of a larger study of psychological autopsies conducted in Nunavut, Canada. The objective of this secondary analysis was to identify protective factors in the Inuit population of Nunavut by comparing people who died by suicide, people from the general population who attempted suicide, and people from the general population who never attempted suicide...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337350/alterations-in-mglu5-receptor-expression-and-function-in-the-striatum-in-a-rat-depression-model
#20
Li-Min Mao, John Q Wang
Major depressive disorder is a common form of mental illness. Many brain regions are implicated in the pathophysiology and symptomatology of depression. Among key brain areas is the striatum that controls reward and mood and is involved in the development of core depression-like behavior in animal models of depression. While molecular mechanisms in this region underlying depression-related behavior are poorly understood, the glutamatergic input to the striatum is believed to play a role. In this study, we investigated changes in metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptor expression and signaling in the striatum of adult rats in response to prolonged (10-12 weeks) social isolation, a pre-validated animal paradigm modeling depression in adulthood...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Neurochemistry
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