keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

People centered

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155370/sharing-data-to-solve-the-autism-riddle-an-interview-with-adriana-di-martino-and-michael-milham-of-abide
#1
Leslie Mertz
Worldwide, at least one in 100 people has autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention put the number at one in 68 [1]. Despite this high rate of prevalence and the increased public awareness of autism in recent years, the underlying mechanisms of ASD still remain unclarified.
November 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155270/efficient-hemorrhage-control-skills-training-for-healthcare-employees
#2
Richard A Sidwell, Sarah K Spilman, Richard S Huntsman, Carlos A Pelaez
BACKGROUND: Several national initiatives are aimed at training citizens to assist bleeding victims. The purpose of this study was to evaluate an effort to quickly and efficiently teach basic bleeding control techniques to a clinical and nonclinical workforce. STUDY DESIGN: The research study was conducted at four hospitals in a mid-sized metropolitan area. In spring 2017, the trauma department at a Level 1 trauma center set an ambitious goal to provide hands-on training to 1000 employees over the course of 6 weeks...
November 16, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155253/the-association-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-immediate-postoperative-outcomes-following-lumbar-fusion
#3
Joseph E Tanenbaum, Stephanie T Kha, Edward C Benzel, Michael P Steinmetz, Thomas E Mroz
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The United States Centers for Disease Control estimates the prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) at over 3.1 million people. As diagnostic techniques and treatment options for IBD improve, the prevalence of IBD is expected to increase. For spine surgeons, patients with IBD have a unique complication profile because IBD patients may present with poor nutritional status and because the medications used to manage IBD have been associated with poor vertebral bone mineralization and immunosuppression...
November 15, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154890/relating-to-the-experience-of-contingency-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer-an-interview-study-in-american-patients
#4
Renske Kruizinga, Najmeh Jafari, Michael Scherer-Rath, Hans Schilderman, Jennifer Bires, Christina Puchalski, Hanneke van Laarhoven
INTRODUCTION: Being diagnosed with incurable cancer can be a life changing experience, evoking different spiritual questions and needs. Confronting a serious life-threatening event that occurs not only often unexpected but can also disrupt a person's self-image and ideals of their personhood. This confrontation makes it difficult for people to integrate it into their personal life story - otherwise referred to as an experience of contingency. Different modes of relating to the contingent life event of having cancer have been studied in a Dutch patient population...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154226/short-term-exposures-to-pm2-5-and-cause-specific-mortality-of-cardiovascular-health-in-china
#5
Chen Chen, Pengfei Zhu, Li Lan, Lian Zhou, Ruicong Liu, Qinghua Sun, Jie Ban, Wentao Wang, Dandan Xu, Tiantian Li
BACKGROUND: Many multi-center epidemiological studies have robustly examined the acute health effects of exposure to low concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) on cardiovascular mortality in developed counties. However, data limitations have resulted in few related studies being conducted in developing counties with high levels of PM2.5 exposure. In recent years, people in China with a heavy cardiovascular disease burden have been exposed to particularly high levels of PM2...
November 16, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153299/effects-of-educational-intervention-on-state-anxiety-and-pain-in-people-undergoing-spinal-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Chiu-Hsiang Lee, Jung-Tung Liu, Shu-Chen Lin, Tsai-Yu Hsu, Chung-Ying Lin, Long-Yau Lin
Preoperative educational intervention for anxiety and pain affects patients undergoing spinal surgery. The effects, however, have never been examined using randomized controlled designs. To investigate the effects of education on anxiety and pain for patients undergoing spinal surgery. A randomized trial with block design. Patients were recruited from a medical center in central Taiwan. We invited 90 patients to participate in this study. Inclusion criteria were (a) age ≥20 years, (b) voluntary participation, (c) able to understand Taiwanese Mandarin Chinese or Taiwanese, and (4) no hearing or vision impairments after using aids...
November 15, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152459/marking-15-years-of-the-genetic-and-rare-diseases-information-center
#7
Janine Lewis, Michelle Snyder, Henrietta Hyatt-Knorr
BACKGROUND: The Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD), a program of the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, was established in 2002 to assist the public in finding reliable, timely, and easy-to-understand information about genetic and/or rare diseases in English or Spanish. OBJECTIVE: A review of longitudinal data on GARD inquiries from 2002 to 2016 and assessment of the results of two user satisfaction surveys were conducted to understand the demographics and needs of GARD customers over time...
May 25, 2017: Translational Science of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152261/copd-management-as-a-model-for-all-chronic-respiratory-conditions-report-of-the-4-th-consensus-conference-in-respiratory-medicine
#8
Stefano Nardini, Fernando De Benedetto, Claudio M Sanguinetti, Salvatore Bellofiore, Stefano Carlone, Salvatore Privitera, Luciano Sagliocca, Emmanuele Tupputi, Claudio Baccarani, Gennaro Caiffa, Maria Consiglia Calabrese, Antonio Capuozzo, Salvatore Cauchi, Valentina Conio, Giuseppe Coratella, Franco Crismancich, Roberto W Dal Negro, Franco Dellarole, Maurizio Delucchi, Carlo Favaretti, Silvia Forte, Franca Matilde Gallo, Riccardo Giuliano, Marco Grandi, Antonino Grillo, Maria Rosaria Gualano, Enrico Guffanti, Salvatore Locicero, Francesco Paolo Lombardo, Marco Mantero, Roberto Marasso, Laura Martino, Michele Mastroberardino, Carlo Mereu, Roberto Messina, Margherita Neri, Bruno Franco Novelletto, Paolo Parente, Sergio Pasquinucci, Massimo Pistolesi, Mario Polverino, Agnese Posca, Luca Richeldi, Fernando Roccia, Ettore Saffi Giustini, Michelangelo Salemi, Salvatore Santacroce, Mario Schisano, Matteo Schisano, Eleonora Selvi, Andrea Silenzi, Patrizio Soverina, Claudio Taranto, Marta Ugolini, Piero Visaggi, Alessandro Zanasi
Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) kill 40 million people each year. The management of chronic respiratory NCDs such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is particularly critical in Italy, where they are widespread and represent a heavy burden on healthcare resources. It is thus important to redefine the role and responsibility of respiratory specialists and their scientific societies, together with that of the whole healthcare system, in order to create a sustainable management of COPD, which could become a model for other chronic respiratory conditions...
2017: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151561/-effects-of-a-positive-psychotherapy-program-on-positive-affect-interpersonal-relations-resilience-and-mental-health-recovery-in-community-dwelling-people-with-schizophrenia
#9
Jinhee Kim, Hyunjoo Na
PURPOSE: Recently, the interest in positive psychotherapy is growing, which can help to encourage positive relationships and develop strengths of people. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of a positive psychotherapy program on positive affect, interpersonal relations, resilience, and mental health recovery in community-dwelling people with schizophrenia. METHODS: The research was conducted using a randomized control group pretest-posttest design...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151422/-successful-perform-of-prolonged-cardiopulmonary-and-cerebral-resuscitation-on-repeated-cardiac-arrest-one-case-report
#10
Guanghui He, Yanping Liang, Jianjun Jing, Xiaofeng Li, Xin Jin, Yicheng Yang, Shibin Lyu, Jiaojiao Lu
Cardiac arrest (CA) is the most serious clinical emergency situation and cardiopulmonary-cerebral resuscitation (CPCR) performed on site with high quality is the optional therapy for its management. It has been reported that prolonging the resuscitation time after 30-minute failed conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) could improve the in-hospital survival rate of CA patients, and how to improve the out-hospital survival rate and survival quality of these patients is a research hot focus at present...
November 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151234/excavating-the-psyche-a-social-history-of-soviet-psychiatry-in-bulgaria
#11
Julian Chehirian
This article investigates how an imported Soviet psychiatric model affected Bulgarians who experienced psychological crisis by examining therapeutic possibilities that were available and foreclosed in the People's Republic of Bulgaria. Bulgarians struggling with psychological disorders in the present day experience polar forms of marginalization: non-recognition on one extreme, and chronic medicalization on the other. Both tendencies can be traced to the Communist-period remodeling of mental healthcare, which outlawed private practice and individual-centered therapy, which reified empirically observable, physiological underpinnings of pathology while suppressing therapies that engaged with the existential context of mental illness...
November 18, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151022/quality-of-care-for-people-with-multimorbidity-a-case-series
#12
Michaela L Schiøtz, Dorte Høst, Mikkel B Christensen, Helena Domínguez, Yasmin Hamid, Merete Almind, Kim L Sørensen, Thomas Saxild, Rikke Høgsbro Holm, Anne Frølich
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity is becoming increasingly prevalent and presents challenges for healthcare providers and systems. Studies examining the relationship between multimorbidity and quality of care report mixed findings. The purpose of this study was to investigate quality of care for people with multimorbidity in the publicly funded healthcare system in Denmark. METHODS: To investigate the quality of care for people with multimorbidity different groups of clinicians from the hospital, general practice and the municipality reviewed records from 23 persons with multimorbidity and discussed them in three focus groups...
November 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149947/impact-factors-and-attitudes-toward-organ-donation-among-transplantation-patients-and-their-caregivers-in-china
#13
Q-X Zhang, J-F Xie, J-D Zhou, S-S Xiao, A-Z Liu, G-Q Hu, Y Chen, C-Y Wang
PURPOSE: This study's purpose was to investigate the attitudes toward organ donation among renal transplantation patients and their caregivers. In addition, we sought to explore the impact factors that affect their attitudes toward deceased organ donation. DESIGN AND METHODS: A self-administrated questionnaire was used, which consisted of two parts: 1) demographic data, and 2) transplantation and donation-related data. This study was conducted in three transplantation follow-up centers in three hospitals using a cross-sectional approach...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149914/testing-the-effectiveness-of-a-motivational-interviewing-based-brief-intervention-for-substance-use-as-an-adjunct-to-usual-care-in-community-based-aids-service-organizations-study-protocol-for-a-multisite-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Bryan R Garner, Heather J Gotham, Stephen J Tueller, Elizabeth L Ball, David Kaiser, Patricia Stilen, Kathryn Speck, Denna Vandersloot, Traci R Rieckmann, Michael Chaple, Erika G Martin, Steve Martino
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the first comprehensive National HIV/AIDS Strategy for the United States was released and included three goals: (1) reducing the number of people who become infected with HIV, (2) increasing access to care and improving health outcomes for people living with HIV, and (3) reducing HIV-related health disparities and health inequities. In 2013, as part of its effort to help address the National HIV/AIDS Strategy, the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) funded a type 2 effectiveness-implementation hybrid trial titled the Substance Abuse Treatment to HIV Care (SAT2HIV) Project...
November 17, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149339/human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-increases-the-risk-of-incident-autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#15
Yung-Feng Yen, Yu-Ching Lan, Chun-Teng Huang, I-An Jen, Marcelo Chen, Chun-Yuan Lee, Pei-Hung Chuang, Yun Lee, Donalde E Morisky, Yi-Ming Arthur Chen
Background: Currently, the association between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and subsequent development of autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) remains unclear. This nationwide population-based cohort study aimed to determine the association between incident AIHA and HIV infection in Taiwan. Methods: During 2000-2012, we identified people aged ≧15 years living with HIV (PLWH) from the Taiwan Centers for Disease Control HIV Surveillance System. Individuals were considered to be infected with HIV on the basis of positive results of an HIV type 1 Western blot...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149064/who-participates-in-the-great-shakeout-why-audience-segmentation-is-the-future-of-disaster-preparedness-campaigns
#16
Rachel M Adams, Beth Karlin, David P Eisenman, Johanna Blakley, Deborah Glik
Background: In 2008, the Southern California Earthquake Center in collaboration with the U.S. Geological Survey Earthquake Hazards Program launched the first annual Great ShakeOut, the largest earthquake preparedness drill in the history of the United States. Materials and Methods: We collected online survey data from 2052 campaign registrants to assess how people participated, whether audience segments shared behavioral patterns, and whether these segments were associated with five social cognitive factors targeted by the ShakeOut campaign...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145912/facilitators-and-barriers-to-adaptive-implementation-of-the-meeting-centers-support-program-mcsp-in-three-european-countries-the-process-evaluation-within-the-meetingdem-study
#17
L D Van Mierlo, R Chattat, S Evans, D Brooker, F L Saibene, G Gamberini, E Farina, C Scorolli, D Szcześniak, K M Urbańska, J Rymaszewska, R M Dröes, F J M Meiland
BACKGROUND: In the MEETINGDEM project, the Meeting Centers Support Program (MCSP) was adaptively implemented and evaluated in three European countries: Italy, Poland, and the United Kingdom. The aim of this study was to investigate overall and country-specific facilitators and barriers to the implementation of MCSP in these European countries. METHODS: A qualitative multiple case study design was used. Based on the theoretical model of adaptive implementation, a checklist was composed of potential facilitators and barriers to the implementation of MCSP...
November 17, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145359/racial-ethnic-health-disparities-among-rural-adults-united-states-2012-2015
#18
Cara V James, Ramal Moonesinghe, Shondelle M Wilson-Frederick, Jeffrey E Hall, Ana Penman-Aguilar, Karen Bouye
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Rural communities often have worse health outcomes, have less access to care, and are less diverse than urban communities. Much of the research on rural health disparities examines disparities between rural and urban communities, with fewer studies on disparities within rural communities. This report provides an overview of racial/ethnic health disparities for selected indicators in rural areas of the United States. REPORTING PERIOD: 2012-2015...
November 17, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141681/patient-influence-in-home-based-reablement-for-older-persons-qualitative-research
#19
Aud Moe, Kari Ingstad, Hildfrid V Brataas
BACKGROUND: Reablement services are rehabilitation for older people living at home, being person-centered in information, mapping and the goal-setting conversation. The purpose of this study was to gain knowledge about conversation processes and patient influence in formulating the patients' goals. There are two research questions: How do conversation theme, structure and processes appear in interactions aiming to decide goals of home-based reablement rehabilitation for the elderly? How professionals' communication skills do influence on patients' participation in conversation about everyday life and goals of home-based reablement? METHODS: A qualitative field study explored eight cases of naturally occurring conversations between patients and healthcare professionals in a rehabilitation team...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141399/factors-affecting-cognitive-function-according-to-gender-of-in-community-dwelling-elderly
#20
Kim Miwon, Jeongmo Park
Objectives: This study aimed to identify the factors affecting the cognitive function of elderly people in a community by gender. Methods: 4,878 of secondary data of people aged ≥65 years in 2016 at a dementia prevention center in Geyangu in Incheon. Data were obtained through MMSE-DS and a questionnaire. The data were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance, analysis of covariance, and hierarchical regression. Results: There were significant differences in cognitive function according to sex, and the differences were significant even when age was controlled, but gender differences disappeared when education was controlled...
November 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
keyword
keyword
29267
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"