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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227946/analysis-of-effective-sit-to-stand-therapy-using-kinematic-synergies
#1
Bryan Lao, Tomoya Tamei, Kazushi Ikeda, Bryan Lao, Tomoya Tamei, Kazushi Ikeda, Tomoya Tamei, Bryan Lao, Kazushi Ikeda
Understanding effective sit-to-stand (STS) movement is essential for improving rehabilitation strategies and developing services for the rapidly increasing number of elderly people. This study aims at identifying effective STS therapy by analyzing the kinematic synergies of movements induced by therapists of different skill-levels. Three synergies were found to share the same temporal pattern in both joint angles and center-of-mass spaces across all therapists. Effective strategy used by a skilled therapist and strategy flaws of less-experienced therapists were revealed through comparison of spatial patterns...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227236/a-wheelchair-with-lever-propulsion-control-for-climbing-up-and-down-stairs
#2
Kai Sasaki, Yosuke Eguchi, Kenji Suzuki, Kai Sasaki, Yosuke Eguchi, Kenji Suzuki, Kenji Suzuki, Yosuke Eguchi, Kai Sasaki
This study proposes a novel stair-climbing wheelchair based on lever propulsion control using the human upper body. Wheelchairs are widely used as supporting locomotion devices for people with acquired lower limb disabilities. However, steps and stairs are critical obstacles to locomotion, which restrict their activities when using wheelchairs. Previous research focused on power-assisted, stair-climbing wheelchairs, which were large and heavy due to its large actuators and mechanisms. In the previous research, we proposed a wheelchair with lever propulsion mechanism and presented its feasibility of climbing up the stairs...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226979/quantitative-assessment-of-arm-tremor-in-people-with-neurological-disorders
#3
Jeonghee Kim, Claire Parnell, Thomas Wichmann, Stephen P DeWeerth, Jeonghee Kim, Claire Parnell, Thomas Wichmann, Stephen P DeWeerth, Claire Parnell, Thomas Wichmann, Stephen P DeWeerth, Jeonghee Kim
Abnormal oscillatory movement (i.e. tremor) is usually evaluated with qualitative assessment by clinicians, and quantified with subjective scoring methods. These methods are often inaccurate. We utilized a quantitative and standardized task based on the Fitts' law to assess the performance of arm movement with tremor by controlling a gyration mouse on a computer. The experiment included the center-out tapping (COT) and rectangular track navigation (RTN) tasks. We report the results of a pilot study in which we collected the performance for healthy participants in whom tremor was simulated by imposing oscillatory movements to the arm with a vibration motor...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225795/multicenter-experiences-in-temporal-bone-cancer-surgery-based-on-89-cases
#4
Małgorzata Wierzbicka, Kazimierz Niemczyk, Antoni Bruzgielewicz, Marcin Durko, Janusz Klatka, Tomasz Kopeć, Ewa Osuch-Wójcikiewicz, Wioletta Pietruszewska, Marcin Szymański, Witold Szyfter
OBJECTIVE: To present outcomes of extensive surgery: lateral, subtotal, total petrosectomies in patients with temporal bone invasion resulting from specific primary cancers. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Four tertiary referral centers. MATERIAL: 89 patients with cancer of the temporal bone treated between January 2006 and December 2010. INTERVENTION: Multidisciplinary team approach including surgical resection, reconstruction, and postoperative radiotherapy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225538/may-you-live-in-interesting-times
#5
(no author information available yet)
Whether or not the so-called curse, "May you live in interesting times" is apocryphal, we have to acknowledge that we do indeed live in interesting times. It has been only three months since the October 2016 issue of MEDICC Review, but the changes since-in many directions-have been head-spinning. For starters, scientists at Roswell Park Cancer Institute have launched a clinical trial of CIMAvax, the therapeutic lung cancer vaccine developed at Cuba's Molecular Immunology Center, surely a win-win for the citizens of both countries...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222781/the-complex-interplay-between-clinical-and-person-centered-diabetes-outcomes-in-the-two-genders
#6
Maria Chiara Rossi, Giuseppe Lucisano, Basilio Pintaudi, Angela Bulotta, Sandro Gentile, Marco Scardapane, Soren Eik Skovlund, Giacomo Vespasiani, Antonio Nicolucci
BACKGROUND: New approaches to cope with clinical and psychosocial aspects of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are needed; gender influences the complex interplay between clinical and non-clinical factors. We used data from the BENCH-D study to assess gender-differences in terms of clinical and person-centered measures in T2DM. METHODS: Clinical quality of care indicators relative to control of HbA1c, lipid profile, blood pressure, and BMI were derived from electronic medical records...
February 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222191/elderly-fall-risk-prediction-using-static-posturography
#7
Jennifer Howcroft, Edward D Lemaire, Jonathan Kofman, William E McIlroy
Maintaining and controlling postural balance is important for activities of daily living, with poor postural balance being predictive of future falls. This study investigated eyes open and eyes closed standing posturography with elderly adults to identify differences and determine appropriate outcome measure cut-off scores for prospective faller, single-faller, multi-faller, and non-faller classifications. 100 older adults (75.5 ± 6.7 years) stood quietly with eyes open and then eyes closed while Wii Balance Board data were collected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222088/gender-differences-in-bladder-cancer-treatment-decision-making
#8
Rachel A Pozzar, Donna L Berry
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore gender differences in bladder cancer treatment decision making.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Secondary qualitative analysis of interview transcripts.
. SETTING: One multidisciplinary genitourinary oncology clinic (Dana-Farber Cancer Institute) and two urology clinics (Brigham and Women's Hospital and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center) in Boston, MA.
. PARTICIPANTS: As part of the original study, 45 men and 15 women with bladder cancer participated in individual interviews...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219156/-factors-influencing-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-among-hiv-infected-people-on-antiretroviral-therapy-in-ili-kazakh-autonomous-prefecture
#9
W Wang, W Liu, T Chen, N P Liu, Y J Zheng, S D Ye, Y Zhang, X M Wang, G Z Wang, H B Zhang
Objective: To analyze factors influencing antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients receiving ART at the town level in Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture (Ili) in May 2015 and to document enhanced ART for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) cases. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using one-on-one interviews and data collection from the system of AIDS follow-up management in three ART services centers at the town level of Ili. The subjects were HIV-infected individuals, aged 18 years or older, who were receiving ART during the survey...
February 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218582/primary-care-for-underserved-populations-navigating-policy-to-incorporate-occupational-therapy-into-federally-qualified-health-centers
#10
Aileen D Murphy, Vanessa M Griffith, Tracy M Mroz, Tracy L Jirikowic
Federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) provide low- or no-cost primary care to medically underserved populations such as homeless or low-income people, migrant workers, and members of marginalized cultural groups. Occupational therapy services have the potential to help improve the health and functioning of FQHC patients. Using a FQHC serving American Indian/Alaska Native populations as a case example, we describe how occupational therapy is well suited to help meet the needs of medically underserved populations...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217725/understanding-the-challenges-of-providing-holistic-oncology-nursing-care-in-nigeria
#11
Chinomso Ugochukwu Nwozichi, Foluso Ojewole, Abimbola O Oluwatosin
This article describes the current state of cancer nursing and the various challenges that hinder the provision of effective nursing care to cancer patients in Nigeria. The major issue identified was the lack of specialized oncology nursing education which should actually form a basis for nurses to practice in the oncology setting. Other issues include poor facilities for oncology nursing care, lack of specific cancer centers resulting in the management of cancer patients in non-specialist wards. It is therefore recommended that solidified structure be put in place in order to establish and strengthen the nursing curriculum which has a strong potential for improving the knowledge and skills of nurses to care for people living with cancer in Nigeria...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217588/promotion-of-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-a-rural-area-of-south-india-a-community-based-study
#12
Nagapraveen Veerapu, P Subramaniyan, B A Praveenkumar, G Arun
INTRODUCTION: Globally, billions of people do not have access to improved sanitation and many defecate in the open air. Poor hand washing practices and limited access to sanitation facilities perpetuate the transmission of disease-causing germs. The objectives of the study were to find out the level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAPs) on sanitary latrine, footwear, and hand washing among rural people and to assess the improvement in KAP after health education intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A health education intervention study was conducted from November 2012 to January 2014 in a rural area of Kuppam, Andhra Pradesh, South India among the people aged 15 years and above...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216856/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-implementing-the-integrated-care-plan-for-the-dying-in-the-indian-setting-survey-of-perspectives-of-indian-palliative-care-providers
#13
Naveen Salins, Jeremy Johnson, Stanley Macaden
INTRODUCTION: Capacity to provide end-of-life care in India is scored as 0.6/100, and very few people in India have access to palliative and end-of-life care. Lack of end-of-life care provision in India has led to a significant number of people receiving inappropriate medical treatment at the end of life, with no access to pain and symptom control and high treatment costs. The International Collaborative for the Best Care for the Dying Person is an initiative that offers the opportunity to apply international evidence on the key factors required to provide best care for the dying in the Indian context...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215372/the-managing-epilepsy-well-network-advancing-epilepsy-self-management
#14
EDITORIAL
Martha Sajatovic, Barbara C Jobst, Ross Shegog, Yvan A Bamps, Charles E Begley, Robert T Fraser, Erica K Johnson, Dilip K Pandey, Rakale C Quarells, Peter Scal, Tanya M Spruill, Nancy J Thompson, Rosemarie Kobau
Epilepsy, a complex spectrum of disorders, affects about 2.9 million people in the U.S. Similar to other chronic disorders, people with epilepsy face challenges related to management of the disorder, its treatment, co-occurring depression, disability, social disadvantages, and stigma. Two national conferences on public health and epilepsy (1997, 2003) and a 2012 IOM report on the public health dimensions of epilepsy highlighted important knowledge gaps and emphasized the need for evidence-based, scalable epilepsy self-management programs...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210943/faces-of-frailty-in-aging-with-hiv-infection
#15
REVIEW
Marion Thurn, Deborah R Gustafson
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: The number of adults who are aging successfully and have HIV infection is increasing. More effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens are preventing individuals infected with HIV from reaching end stages of the HIV infection and developing AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). However, even at lower viral loads, chronic HIV infection appears to have consequences on aging processes, including the development of frailty. RECENT FINDINGS: Frailty is a term used to describe vulnerability in aging...
February 16, 2017: Current HIV/AIDS Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210013/the-relation-between-depressive-symptoms-and-self-care-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-in-kosovo
#16
Idriz Sopjani, Shemsedin Vehapi, Daut Gorani, Miradije Imeri, Sidita Vitoja, Shqipe Tahiri
BACKGROUND: The depression is a significant problem in patients with diabetes. This research is the first of it's kind conducted in the Republic of Kosovo to determine the prevalence of depression diagnosed in people with diabetes mellitus type 2 (DMT2) and interrelation between depressive symptoms and behavior of diabetes self-care (glucose monitoring, exercise, diet, and self- health care). METHODS: Research was conducted in the University Clinical Center of Kosovo (UCCK), in Pristine...
December 2016: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209557/formative-evaluation-of-participant-experience-with-mobile-econsent-in-the-app-mediated-parkinson-mpower-study-a-mixed-methods-study
#17
Megan Doerr, Amy Maguire Truong, Brian M Bot, John Wilbanks, Christine Suver, Lara M Mangravite
BACKGROUND: To fully capitalize on the promise of mobile technology to enable scalable, participant-centered research, we must develop companion self-administered electronic informed consent (eConsent) processes. As we do so, we have an ethical obligation to ensure that core tenants of informed consent-informedness, comprehension, and voluntariness-are upheld. Furthermore, we should be wary of recapitulating the pitfalls of "traditional" informed consent processes. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to describe the essential qualities of participant experience, including delineation of common and novel themes relating to informed consent, with a self-administered, smartphone-based eConsent process...
February 16, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208759/acute-effects-of-particulate-air-pollution-on-ischemic-heart-disease-hospitalizations-in-shanghai-china
#18
Anyang Xu, Zhe Mu, Bo Jiang, Wei Wang, Han Yu, Lijuan Zhang, Jue Li
Background: Air pollution has been demonstrated to be a major risk factor for the development of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases worldwide. This study examines the relationship between the exposure to fine particulate matter (PM) and patient hospitalizations as a result of ischemic heart disease (IHD) during 2013-2014 in Shanghai, China. Methods: Daily IHD hospitalization data were acquired from the Shanghai Health Insurance Bureau (SHIB) from 1 January 2013 to 21 December 2014. Daily average concentrations of air pollution as well as meteorological data were obtained from the database of Shanghai Environmental Monitoring Center (SEMC) during the same time period, and all data were analyzed using standard epidemiological methodology...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196486/integrated-care-at-home-reduces-unnecessary-hospitalizations-of-community-dwelling-frail-older-adults-a-prospective-controlled-trial
#19
Laura Di Pollina, Idris Guessous, Véronique Petoud, Christophe Combescure, Bertrand Buchs, Philippe Schaller, Michel Kossovsky, Jean-Michel Gaspoz
BACKGROUND: Care of frail and dependent older adults with multiple chronic conditions is a major challenge for health care systems. The study objective was to test the efficacy of providing integrated care at home to reduce unnecessary hospitalizations, emergency room visits, institutionalization, and mortality in community dwelling frail and dependent older adults. METHODS: A prospective controlled trial was conducted, in real-life clinical practice settings, in a suburban region in Geneva, Switzerland, served by two home visiting nursing service centers...
February 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196478/genetic-analysis-of-impaired-trimethylamine-metabolism-using-whole-exome-sequencing
#20
Yiran Guo, Liang-Dar Hwang, Jiankang Li, Jason Eades, Chung Wen Yu, Corrine Mansfield, Alexis Burdick-Will, Xiao Chang, Yulan Chen, Fujiko F Duke, Jianguo Zhang, Steven Fakharzadeh, Paul Fennessey, Brendan J Keating, Hui Jiang, Hakon Hakonarson, Danielle R Reed, George Preti
BACKGROUND: Trimethylaminuria (TMAU) is a genetic disorder whereby people cannot convert trimethylamine (TMA) to its oxidized form (TMAO), a process that requires the liver enzyme FMO3. Loss-of-function variants in the FMO3 gene are a known cause of TMAU. In addition to the inability to metabolize TMA precursors like choline, patients often emit a characteristic odor because while TMAO is odorless, TMA has a fishy smell. The Monell Chemical Senses Center is a research institute with a program to evaluate people with odor complaints for TMAU...
February 15, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
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