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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933678/trends-in-serious-quit-attempts-in-the-united-states-2009-2014
#1
Joe G Gitchell, Saul Shiffman, Mark A Sembower
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Quitting smoking is the most potent way to reduce the health risks associated with smoking cigarettes, and public health objectives in the USA include dramatic increases in the proportion of smokers making a serious quit attempt each year. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has, since 2000, set as its Healthy People 2020 objective to get 80% of smokers to make a serious quit attempt per year. This study assessed the trend in quit attempts from 2009 to 2014...
December 9, 2016: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932869/person-centered-dementia-care-current-perspectives
#2
REVIEW
Jill Manthorpe, Kritika Samsi
Person-centered dementia care is widely accepted as a value-based commitment to supporting people with dementia and is a guiding principle in care services. Policy ambitions to put people at the center of their own care are being developed internationally. These may be seen as part of the evolution of person-centered care which has its origins in critical perspectives on practice and social responses to people with dementia. In England, one further development of person-centered care has been personalization - a government policy to extend individuals' choice and control over their social care and, latterly, ways to meet their health care needs...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932358/association-between-lower-limb-osteoarthritis-and-incidence-of-depressive-symptoms-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#3
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Marco Solmi, Toby O Smith, Marianna Noale, Cyrus Cooper, Stefania Maggi
BACKGROUND: osteoarthritis (OA) is associated with a number of medical morbidities. Although the prevalence of depression and depressive symptoms is presumed to be high in people with OA, no prospective comparative study has analyzed its incidence. OBJECTIVE: to determine whether OA was associated with an increased odds of developing depressive symptoms. DESIGN: longitudinal cohort study (follow-up: 4.2 years). SETTING: data were gathered from the North American Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI) dataset...
December 7, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931998/-between-combat-boots-and-birkenstocks-lessons-from-hiv-aids-sars-h1n1-and-ebola
#4
R Crawford, D C Rutz, D P Evans
OBJECTIVES: In late 2013, an Ebola outbreak quickly grew into an epidemic of extraordinary magnitude, killing more people than all previous Ebola outbreaks combined. Although the epidemic was unprecedented, the world had previously experienced several acute public health emergencies requiring global coordination. HIV/AIDS, SARS and H1N1 tested global response, and in each case coordination proved problematic, making the 2013-2015 Ebola epidemic no exception. The purpose of this project was to identify persistent vulnerabilities within global public health emergency response and to identify areas for future research and improvement...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931605/bariatric-surgery-and-the-risk-of-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-in-swedish%C3%A2-obese-subjects
#5
Shabbar Jamaly, Lena Carlsson, Markku Peltonen, Peter Jacobson, Lars Sjöström, Kristjan Karason
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for atrial fibrillation, which in turn is associated with stroke, heart failure, and increased all-cause mortality. OBJECTIVES: The authors investigated whether weight loss through bariatric surgery may reduce the risk of new-onset atrial fibrillation. METHODS: SOS (Swedish Obese Subjects) is a prospective matched cohort study conducted at 25 surgical departments and 480 primary healthcare centers in Sweden...
December 13, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930590/low-mortality-but-increasing-incidence-of-staphylococcus-aureus-endocarditis-in-people-who-inject-drugs-experience-from-a-swedish-referral-hospital
#6
Hilmir Asgeirsson, Anders Thalme, Ola Weiland
Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of infective endocarditis in people who inject drugs (PWID). The management of S aureus endocarditis (SAE) in PWID can be problematic. The objective of this retrospective observational study was to assess the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and mortality of S aureus endocarditis (SAE) in PWID in Stockholm, Sweden.The Department of Infectious Diseases at the Karolinska University Hospital serves as a regional referral center for drug users with severe infections...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930443/otolith-dysfunction-in-persons-with-both-diabetes-and-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#7
Linda J DʼSilva, Hinrich Staecker, James Lin, Christy Maddux, John Ferraro, Hongying Dai, Patricia M Kluding
OBJECTIVE: Vestibular dysfunction is a well-recognized complication of type 2 diabetes (DM) that may contribute to increased fall risk. The prevalence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is higher in people with DM. The impact of DM on the otolith organs of the vestibular system in people with BPPV is unknown. The purpose of this study was to analyze otolith function using vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) tests in people with DM and concurrent BPPV (BPPV + DM), and to examine the relationships between VEMP variables and diabetes-related variables...
December 7, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928798/-a-chinese-multi-center-study-on-the-significance-of-monitoring-imatinib-plasma-concentration-in-patients-with-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-before-and-after-administration
#8
Hao Xu, Lilin Ma, Wei Xu, Wenxian Guan, Baolin Wang, Guoli Li, Yongchang Miao, Leping Li, Huanqiu Chen, Jiren Yu, Yongqing Wang, Luning Sun, Li Yang, Diancai Zhang, Fengyuan Li, Xiaofei Zhi, Jiwei Wang, Jianghao Xu, Zekuan Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors which may influence the imatinib plasma concentration in Chinese patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumor(GIST), and to illuminate the significance of monitoring imatinib plasma concentration in adjuvant therapy for patients with GIST. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 60 GIST patients who accepted the imatinib therapy after surgery was conducted. They were respectively administrated in 10 domestic hospitals from December 2014 to April 2016, including The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University(n=28), The Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University(n=9), The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical College(n=6), Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital(n=5), The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University (n=2), Jingling Hospital (n=2), The Second People's Hospital of Lianyungang(n=2), Shandong Provincial Hospital(n=2), Jiangsu Province Tumor Hospital(n=2), and The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University(n=2)...
November 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928529/the-effect-of-public-service-advertising-on-cardiovascular-disease-in-korea
#9
Juhyun Jang, Baeg Ju Na, Moo-Sik Lee, Soonryu Seo, Changhyun Sung, Hyun Joo Kim, Jin Yong Lee
BACKGROUND: Public Service Advertising (PSA) is a public interest message disseminated in the form of an advertisement communication and its main purpose is to promote public behavioral changes regarding a social issue. Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) has been delivering PSA by various media. However, the effect of PSAs has never been evaluated. The purpose of this study was to estimate the effects of broadcasted PSA produced by KCDC on cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928079/factors-associated-with-fatal-outcomes-following-cholera-like-syndrome-in-far-north-region-of-cameroon-a-community-based-survey
#10
Fabrice N Djouma, Jerome Ateudjieu, Malathi Ram, Amanda K Debes, David A Sack
This study demonstrates that most cholera deaths in this region of Cameroon occur out of hospital. This is a region which is prone to cholera, and interventions are needed to improve access to emergency medical care, especially during cholera outbreaks. Cameroon has experienced 14 cholera epidemics during the last 20 years, and these have had high case fatality rates. This study attempted to assess the effect of delays in seeking care and the locations of care as possible risk factors for cholera mortality...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927668/association-of-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-within-the-normal-range-and-nafld-in-the-non-obese-chinese-population-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-study
#11
Dan-Qin Sun, Sheng-Jie Wu, Wen-Yue Liu, Li-Ren Wang, Yi-Ran Chen, Dong-Chu Zhang, Martin Braddock, Ke-Qing Shi, Dan Song, Ming-Hua Zheng
OBJECTIVES: The relationship between normal low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c) levels and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in non-obese individuals remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the precise prevalence and incidence of NAFLD within the normal LDL-c range in non-obese individuals. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and longitudinal study. SETTING: Wenzhou Medical Center of Wenzhou People's Hospital from 2010 to 2014. PARTICIPANTS: 183 903 non-obese individuals were enrolled from a cross-sectional population, and a total of 16 173 initially NAFLD-free non-obese individuals were included who completed a 5-year follow-up examination in the longitudinal population...
December 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927028/understanding-disability-and-the-social-determinants-of-health-how-does-disability-affect-peoples-social-determinants-of-health
#12
Amanda Frier, Fiona Barnett, Sue Devine, Ruth Barker
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate how an individual's social determinants of health are affected by the acquisition of physical disability in adulthood. The secondary aim was to report the described facilitators and barriers to living with a disability. METHOD: This qualitative study used an exploratory, descriptive approach. Nine individuals with a neurologically derived disability were purposively recruited from a rehabilitation center in northern Queensland...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925843/incidence-of-herpes-zoster-and-post-herpetic-neuralgia-in-italy-results-from-a-three-years-population-based-study
#13
Cristiano Alicino, Cecilia Trucchi, Chiara Paganino, Ilaria Barberis, Sara Boccalini, Domenico Martinelli, Barbara Pellizzari, Angela Bechini, Andrea Orsi, Paolo Bonanni, Rosa Prato, Stefania Iannazzo, Giancarlo Icardi
Herpes Zoster (HZ) and its main complication, post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN), represent important public health issues because of their relevant burden among older adults. However, data on the epidemiology of HZ and PHN in Italy are very limited. A population-based study was performed by seeking for cases of HZ and PHN, occurred in the period 2013-2015, in the clinical charts of 56 General Practitioners working in four Italian Regions (Liguria, Puglia, Toscana and Veneto). The main objective of the study was to estimate the incidence of HZ and the proportion of PHN (at 1 and 3 months from the onset of HZ; PHN1 and PHN3) among people aged ≥ 50 years...
December 7, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925346/hepatitis-c-infection-and-other-drug-related-harms-among-inpatients-who-injected-drugs-in-turkey
#14
Arash Alaei, Kamiar Alaei, Katherine Waye, Melissa Tracy, Marine Nalbandyan, Elif Mutlu, Mustafa Kemal Cetin
Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) is easily spread among those who share drug injection equipment. Due to the ease of contraction and growing prevalence of HCV in Eastern Europe, the aims of this study focused on describing risky injection practices as well as the prevalence of HCV, HIV, and Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) among people who inject drugs (PWID) that were admitted to public and private drug treatment centers in Turkey from 2012 to 2013. Other aims included identifying correlates of needle sharing and HCV infection...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924422/spatial-overlap-between-people-and-non-human-primates-in-a-fragmented-landscape
#15
Sarah B Paige, Johanna Bleecker, Jonathan Mayer, Tony Goldberg
In western Uganda, the landscape surrounding Kibale National Park (KNP) contains households, trading centers, roads, fields, and forest fragments. The mosaic arrangement of these landscape features is thought to enhance human-primate interaction, leading to primate population declines and increased bi-directional disease transmission. Using a social-ecological systems research framework that captures the complexity of interaction among people, wildlife, and environment, we studied five forest fragments near KNP and conducted intensive on-the-ground mapping to identify locations of human-primate spatial overlap...
December 6, 2016: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924230/trend-of-fire-outbreaks-in-ghana-and-ways-to-prevent-these-incidents
#16
Emmanuel K Addai, Samuel K Tulashie, Joe-Steve Annan, Isaac Yeboah
BACKGROUND: In Ghana, fire incidents have become a regular occurrence, with thousands of lives and millions of dollars lost every year. Hardly a day passes without news of a fire outbreak in some part of Ghana, causing fear and panic among the people. This generates much discussion centering on rumors relating to politics, sabotage, misfortune, religious differences, etc. This article seeks to discuss the trend of fire incidents occurring in Ghana from 2000 to 2013 and the different ways to prevent these incidents...
December 2016: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922624/association-of-pain-social-support-and-socioeconomic-indicators-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-iran
#17
Z Khazaeipour, E Ahmadipour, V Rahimi-Movaghar, F Ahmadipour, A R Vaccaro, B Babakhani
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: Pain is a prevalent complication of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Our objective was to examine the association between social support, socioeconomic factors and psychosocial factors and pain to develop more effective management strategies. SETTING: Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research (BASIR) Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The Persian version of the Brief Pain Inventory was used to measure the pain, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support was used to measure social support through structured face-to-face interviews in SCI individuals...
December 6, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921084/the-prevalence-of-herpes-simplex-virus-type-1-and-2-infection-in-iran-a-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Mina Malary, Ghasem Abedi, Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Mahdi Afshari, Mahmood Moosazadeh
BACKGROUND: Seroepidemiologic studies indicate a high prevalence of herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection. This infection leads to ophthalmic, dermatologic, oral, neurologic, vaginal and cervical problems. Different studies have been carried out to estimate the HSV seroprevalence in Iran. Combining the results of these studies would be useful for health policy-making. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to estimate the pooled prevalence of HSV infection using meta-analysis...
October 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921038/the-clinical-manifestation-and-management-of-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-in-china
#19
REVIEW
Cheng Xue, Chen-Chen Zhou, Ming Wu, Chang-Lin Mei
BACKGROUND: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common monogenic hereditary kidney disease characterized by progressive enlargement of renal cysts. The incidence is 1-2‰ worldwide. Mutations in two genes (PKD1 and PKD2) cause ADPKD. Currently, there is no pharmaceutical treatment available for ADPKD patients in China. Summary: This review focused on advances in clinical manifestation, gene diagnosis, risk factors, and management of ADPKD in China. There is an age-dependent increase in total kidney volume (TKV) and decrease in renal function in Chinese ADPKD patients...
October 2016: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920753/neuroproteomics-and-systems-biology-approach-to-identify-temporal-biomarker-changes-post-experimental-traumatic-brain-injury-in-rats
#20
Firas H Kobeissy, Joy D Guingab-Cagmat, Zhiqun Zhang, Ahmed Moghieb, Olena Y Glushakova, Stefania Mondello, Angela M Boutté, John Anagli, Richard Rubenstein, Hisham Bahmad, Amy K Wagner, Ronald L Hayes, Kevin K W Wang
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) represents a critical health problem of which diagnosis, management, and treatment remain challenging. TBI is a contributing factor in approximately one-third of all injury-related deaths in the United States. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that 1.7 million people suffer a TBI in the United States annually. Efforts continue to focus on elucidating the complex molecular mechanisms underlying TBI pathophysiology and defining sensitive and specific biomarkers that can aid in improving patient management and care...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
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