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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212971/should-countries-set-an-explicit-health-benefits-package-the-case-of-the-english-national-health-service
#1
Peter C Smith, Kalipso Chalkidou
BACKGROUND: A fundamental debate in the transition towards universal health coverage concerns whether to establish an explicit health benefits package to which all citizens are entitled, and the level of detail in which to specify that package. At one extreme, the treatments to be funded, and the circumstances in which patients qualify for the treatment, might be specified in great detail, and be entirely mandatory. This would make clinicians little more than automata, carrying out prescribed practice...
January 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209145/state-budget-transfers-to-health-insurance-to-expand-coverage-to-people-outside-formal-sector-work-in-latin-america
#2
Inke Mathauer, Thorsten Behrendt
BACKGROUND: Contributory social health insurance for formal sector employees only has proven challenging for moving towards universal health coverage (UHC). This is because the informally employed and the poor usually remain excluded. One way to expand UHC is to fully or partially subsidize health insurance contributions for excluded population groups through government budget transfers. This paper analyses the institutional design features of such government subsidization arrangements in Latin America and assesses their performance with respect to UHC progress...
February 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207049/indonesia-s-road-to-universal-health-coverage-a-political-journey
#3
Elizabeth Pisani, Maarten Olivier Kok, Kharisma Nugroho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205370/progressive-universalism-the-impact-of-targeted-coverage-on-health-care-access-and-expenditures-in-peru
#4
Sven Neelsen, Owen O'Donnell
Like other countries seeking a progressive path to universalism, Peru has attempted to reduce inequalities in access to health care by granting the poor entitlement to tax-financed basic care without charge. We identify the impact of this policy by comparing the target population's change in health care utilization with that of poor adults already covered through employment-based insurance. There are positive effects on receipt of ambulatory care and medication that are largest among the elderly and the poorest...
February 16, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203028/-unerupted-first-deciduous-molar-located-higher-to-the-first-premolar-a-case-report
#5
Y Zhan, H Liu
Tooth eruption is defined as the movement of a tooth from its site of development within the alveolar process to its functional position in the oral cavity. The process of tooth eruption can be divided into different phases: pre-eruptive bone stage, alveolar bone stage, mucosal stage, preocclusal stage, occlusal stage and maturation stage. Any disturbance in these phases can lead to eruptive anomalies. The incidence of unerupted teeth is usually higher among permanent teeth than among deciduous ones. Of the primary teeth reported as unerupted, second deciduous molars are the teeth most frequently involved, followed by primary central incisors...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202479/improving-services-for-glaucoma-care-in-nigeria-implications-for-policy-and-programmes-to-achieve-universal-health-coverage
#6
Fatima Kyari, Clare Gilbert, Karl Blanchet, Richard Wormald
Glaucoma in Africa is sometimes referred to as the silent thief of sight. In Nigeria, glaucoma is common, it is serious, ophthalmologists face many constraints in managing it, people do not even know they have it until it is advanced, patients do not understand or comply with treatment after they are diagnosed and the poor are more likely to be glaucoma blind. Available evidence indicates that the health system in Nigeria is failing to meet the needs of patients with glaucoma. Based on evidence, we propose future directions for improving services for glaucoma care in Nigeria, and the implications for policy and programmes to control glaucoma blindness, using a health system-oriented approach...
February 15, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202047/health-workforce-metrics-pre-and-post-2015-a-stimulus-to-public-policy-and-planning
#7
Francisco Pozo-Martin, Andrea Nove, Sofia Castro Lopes, James Campbell, James Buchan, Gilles Dussault, Teena Kunjumen, Giorgio Cometto, Amani Siyam
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based health workforce policies are essential to ensure the provision of high-quality health services and to support the attainment of universal health coverage (UHC). This paper describes the main characteristics of available health workforce data for 74 of the 75 countries identified under the 'Countdown to 2015' initiative as accounting for more than 95% of the world's maternal, newborn and child deaths. It also discusses best practices in the development of health workforce metrics post-2015...
February 15, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196113/chasm-in-primary-care-provision-in-a-universal-health-system-findings-from-a-nationally-representative-survey-of-health-facilities-in-malaysia
#8
Huy Ming Lim, Sheamini Sivasampu, Ee Ming Khoo, Kamaliah Mohamad Noh
BACKGROUND: Malaysia has achieved universal health coverage since 1980s through the expansion of direct public provision, particularly in rural areas. However, no systematic examination of the rural-urban distribution of primary care services and resources has been conducted to date for policy impact evaluation. METHODS: We conducted a national cross-sectional survey of 316 public and 597 private primary care clinics, selected through proportionate stratified random sampling, from June 2011 through February 2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190791/no-free-bed-with-ventilator-experience-of-a-public-health-specialist
#9
Thriveni Shivanna Beerenahally
While the author was dealing with a poor elderly father struggling to shift his gravely injured young son to a government hospital due to the high cost of intensive care, her friends across the globe were discussing euthanasia in the social media. While marginalised groups of people are struggling to access care in India, friends who have moved to developed parts of the world were discussing one's choice to live or die! The poor father, after battling to save his son and reaching out to many people for help, could not save him...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190479/a-global-picture-of-pharmacy-technician-and-other-pharmacy-support-workforce-cadres
#10
Tamara Koehler, Andrew Brown
INTRODUCTION: Understanding how pharmacy technicians and other pharmacy support workforce cadres assist pharmacists in the healthcare system will facilitate developing health systems with the ability to achieve universal health coverage as it is defined in different country contexts. The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the present global variety in the technician and other pharmacy support workforce cadres considering; their scope, roles, supervision, education and legal framework...
March 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185870/prevention-and-control-of-dengue-the-light-at-the-end-of-the-tunnel
#11
REVIEW
Tikki Pang, Tippi K Mak, Duane J Gubler
Advances in the development of new dengue control tools, including vaccines and vector control, herald a new era of desperately needed dengue prevention and control. The burden of dengue has expanded for decades, and now affects more than 120 countries. Complex, large-scale global forces have and will continue to contribute to the expansion of dengue, including population growth, unplanned urbanisation, and suboptimal mosquito control in urban centres. Although no so-called magic bullets are available, there is new optimism following the first licensure of a dengue vaccine and other promising vaccine candidates, and the development of novel vector control interventions to help control dengue and other expanding mosquito-borne diseases such as Zika virus...
February 6, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185581/does-decentralization-influence-efficiency-of-health-units-a-study-of-opinion-and-perception-of-health-workers-in-odisha
#12
Bhuputra Panda, Harshad P Thakur, Sanjay P Zodpey
BACKGROUND: Health systems in low and middle income countries are struggling to improve efficiency in the functioning of health units of which workforce is one of the most critical building blocks. In India, Rogi Kalyan Samiti (RKS) was established at every health unit as institutions of local decision making in order to improve productive efficiency and quality. Measuring efficiency of health units is a complex task. This study aimed at assessing the perception (opinion and satisfaction) of health workers about influence of RKS on improving efficiency of peripheral decision making health units (DMHU); examining differences between priority and non-priority set-ups; identifying predictors of satisfaction at work; and discussing suggestions to improve performance...
October 31, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183343/spectrum-malaria-a-user-friendly-projection-tool-for-health-impact-assessment-and-strategic-planning-by-malaria-control-programmes-in-sub-saharan-africa
#13
Matthew Hamilton, Guy Mahiane, Elric Werst, Rachel Sanders, Olivier Briët, Thomas Smith, Richard Cibulskis, Ewan Cameron, Samir Bhatt, Daniel J Weiss, Peter W Gething, Carel Pretorius, Eline L Korenromp
BACKGROUND: Scale-up of malaria prevention and treatment needs to continue but national strategies and budget allocations are not always evidence-based. This article presents a new modelling tool projecting malaria infection, cases and deaths to support impact evaluation, target setting and strategic planning. METHODS: Nested in the Spectrum suite of programme planning tools, the model includes historic estimates of case incidence and deaths in groups aged up to 4, 5-14, and 15+ years, and prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum infection (PfPR) among children 2-9 years, for 43 sub-Saharan African countries and their 602 provinces, from the WHO and malaria atlas project...
February 10, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182796/a-long-way-to-go-estimates-of-combined-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-coverage-for-25-sub-saharan-african-countries
#14
Rachel Roche, Robert Bain, Oliver Cumming
BACKGROUND: Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) are essential for a healthy and dignified life. International targets to reduce inadequate WASH coverage were set under the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs, 1990-2015) and now the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs, 2016-2030). The MDGs called for halving the proportion of the population without access to adequate water and sanitation, whereas the SDGs call for universal access, require the progressive reduction of inequalities, and include hygiene in addition to water and sanitation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181332/impact-of-universal-health-coverage-on-suicide-risk-in-newly-diagnosed-cancer-patients-population-based-cohort-study-from-1985-to-2007-in-taiwan
#15
Po-Hsien Lin, Shih-Cheng Liao, I-Ming Chen, Po-Hsiu Kuo, Jia-Chi Shan, Ming-Been Lee, Wei J Chen
BACKGROUND: National Health Insurance (NHI), launched in 1995 in Taiwan, lightens patient's financial burdens but its effect on the suicide risk in cancer patients is unclear. We aimed to investigate the impacts of the NHI on the suicide in newly diagnosed cancer patients. METHODS: We identified patients with newly diagnosed cancer from the nationwide Taiwan Cancer Registration from 1985 to 2007, and ascertained suicide deaths from the national database of registered deaths between 1985 and 2009...
February 8, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181100/the-effects-of-public-health-insurance-expansion-on-private-health-insurance-in-urban-china
#16
Xiaohui Hou, Jing Zhang
The public social health insurance coverage has rapidly increased in China in the last decade. The rapid market development and high economic growth also present an immense opportunity for the private insurance market. This paper uses the China Health and Nutrition Survey panel data and the difference-in-difference method to identify the causal effects of public health insurance expansion on private health insurance development in the case of expansion of the China Urban Residential Basic Medical Insurance (URBMI) program...
February 8, 2017: Int J Health Econ Manag
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180014/prevalence-of-burnout-syndrome-and-associated-factors-among-rural-health-workers-behvarzes-in-south-khorasan
#17
Bita Bijari, Ali Abassi
BACKGROUND: Essential primary health care is delivered through the public health center PHC network by public health workers (Behvarzs). Health workers are exposed to different types of stresses while working. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of burnout and associated factors among rural health workers in the health centers of Birjand University of Medical Sciences. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All rural health workers of health centers under the coverage of the Birjand University of Medical Sciences selected through census sampling participated in this cross-sectional study...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178398/delphi-survey-of-clinical-nursing-and-midwifery-research-priorities-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#18
Carolyn Sun, Jennifer Dohrn, Arwa Oweis, Huda Abu-Saad Huijer, Fathieh Abu-Moghli, Hania Dawani, Cheherezade Ghazi, Elaine Larson
PURPOSE: As the shortage of nurses and midwives is expected to worsen in the Eastern Mediterranean region concomitantly with a growing focus on achievement of universal health coverage, nurses and midwives are expected to fill major gaps in health care. Hence, the need for a solid evidence base for nursing practice and a clear direction for clinical nursing research are paramount. Therefore, a Delphi survey was conducted to determine clinical (research focused on patient outcomes) nursing and midwifery priorities for research within this region...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174219/inequality-trends-in-maternal-health-services-for-young-ghanaian-women-with-childbirth-history-between-2003-and-2014
#19
Benedict Oppong Asamoah, Anette Agardh
OBJECTIVE: To achieve universal coverage of reproductive healthcare and drastic reduction in maternal mortality, adequate attention and resources should be given to young women. This study therefore aimed to examine the inequality trends in the use of antenatal care (ANC) services and skilled birth attendance (SBA) within a subgroup of Ghanaian women aged 15-24 years between 2003 and 2014. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study that used data from the Ghana Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) 2003, 2008 and 2014...
February 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170413/baseline-assessment-of-who-s-target-for-both-availability-and-affordability-of-essential-medicines-to-treat-non-communicable-diseases
#20
Margaret Ewen, Marjolein Zweekhorst, Barbara Regeer, Richard Laing
BACKGROUND: WHO has set a voluntary target of 80% availability of affordable essential medicines, including generics, to treat major non-communicable diseases (NCDs), in the public and private sectors of countries by 2025. We undertook a secondary analysis of data from 30 surveys in low- and middle-income countries, conducted from 2008-2015 using the World Health Organization (WHO)/Health Action International (HAI) medicine availability and price survey methodology, to establish a baseline for this target...
2017: PloS One
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