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Universal health coverage

David H Molyneux, Laura Dean, Oluwatosin Adekeye, J Russell Stothard, Sally Theobald
The drive to control neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) has had many successes but to reach defined targets new approaches are required. Over the last decade, NTD control programmes have benefitted from increased resources, and from effective partnerships and long-term pharmaceutical donations. Although the NTD agenda is broader than those diseases of parasitic aetiology there has been a massive up-scaling of the delivery of medicines to some billion people annually. Recipients are often the poorest, with the aspiration that NTD programmes are key to universal health coverage as reflected within the 2030 United Nations sustainable development goals (SDGs)...
March 16, 2018: Parasitology
Yuyan Gao, Li Li, David C Schwebel, Peishan Ning, Peixia Cheng, Guoqing Hu
Social medical insurance schemes are crucial for realizing universal health coverage and health equity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether and how reimbursement for injury-induced medical expenses is addressed in Chinese legislative documents relevant to social medical insurance. We retrieved legislative documents from the China National Knowledge Infrastructure and the Lawyee databases. Four types of social medical insurance schemes were included: urban employee basic medical insurance, urban resident basic medical insurance, new rural cooperative medical system, and urban and rural resident medical insurance...
2018: PloS One
Ricardo Araya, Pedro Zitko, Niina Markkula
Universal health care programmes have the potential to reduce treatment gaps. We explored the potential impact of an equity-oriented universal health care programme on access to care for depression, hypertension and diabetes using data from two nationally representative health surveys in Chile. The likelihood a depressed individual had accessed health care appears to have increased significantly after the programme was introduced whereas those for hypertension and diabetes remained unchanged. Depressed women seem to have benefited mostly from the programme...
March 14, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Rajat Das Gupta, Asm Shahabuddin
This review aimed to compare Bangladesh's Universal Health Coverage (UHC) monitoring framework with the global-level recommendations and to find out the existing gaps of Bangladesh's UHC monitoring framework compared to the global recommendations. In order to reach the aims of the review, we systematically searched two electronic databases - PubMed and Google Scholar - by using appropriate keywords to select articles that describe issues related to UHC and the monitoring framework of UHC applied globally and particularly in Bangladesh...
January 8, 2018: Curēus
Hannah Kuper, Tracey Smythe, Antony Duttine
Universal health coverage (UHC) has been adopted by many countries as a national target for 2030. People with disabilities need to be included within efforts towards UHC, as they are a large group making up 15% of the world's population and are more vulnerable to poor health. UHC focuses both on covering the whole population as well as providing all the services needed and must include an emphasis on health promotion, as well as disease treatment and cure. Health promotion often focusses on tackling individual behaviours, such as encouraging exercise or good nutrition...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Debbie L Croyden, Helen A Vidgen, Emma Esdaile, Emely Hernandez, Anthea Magarey, Carly J Moores, Lynne Daniels
BACKGROUND: PEACH™QLD translated the PEACH™ Program, designed to manage overweight/obesity in primary school-aged children, from efficacious RCT and small scale community trial to a larger state-wide program. This paper describes the lessons learnt when upscaling to universal health coverage. METHODS: The 6-month, family-focussed program was delivered in Queensland, Australia from 2013 to 2016. Its implementation was planned by researchers who developed the program and conducted the RCT, and experienced project managers and practitioners across the health continuum...
March 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
Eder Gatti Fernandes, Ana Marli Christovam Sartori, Patrícia Coelho de Soárez, Telma Regina M P Carvalhanas, Marcela Rodrigues, Hillegonda Maria Dutilh Novaes
BACKGROUND: A significant increase in pertussis incidence occurred in Brazil, from 2011 to 2014, despite high coverage of childhood immunization with whole-cell-pertussis (wP) containing vaccines. This study presents pertussis surveillance data from São Paulo state and discusses the challenges to interpret them considering pertussis cyclic epidemic behavior, the introduction of new diagnostic techniques and new vaccination strategies, and enhanced disease awareness during epidemics. METHODS: Observational study including pertussis cases reported to the Surveillance System in São Paulo state, from January 2001 to December 2015...
March 13, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Mariyam Suzana, Helen Walls, Richard Smith, Johanna Hanefeld
Background: Universal health coverage (UHC) is difficult to achieve in settings short of medicines, health workers and health facilities. These characteristics define the majority of the small island developing states (SIDS), where population size negates the benefits of economies of scale. One option to alleviate this constraint is to import health services, rather than focus on domestic production. This paper provides empirical analysis of the potential impact of this option. Methods: Analysis was based on publicly accessible data for 14 SIDS, covering health-related travel and health indicators for the period 2003-2013, together with in-depth review of medical travel schemes for the two highest importing SIDS-the Maldives and Tuvalu...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Kenneth Munge, Stephen Mulupi, Edwine W Barasa, Jane Chuma
BACKGROUND: Purchasing refers to the process by which pooled funds are paid to providers in order to deliver a set of health care interventions. Very little is known about purchasing arrangements in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and certainly not in Kenya. This study aimed to critically analyse purchasing arrangements in Kenya, using the National Hospital Insurance Fund (NHIF) as a case study. METHODS: We applied a principal-agent relationship framework, which identifies three pairs of principal-agent relationships (government-purchaser, purchaser-provider, and citizen-purchaser) and specific actions required within them to achieve strategic purchasing...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
Gulcan Santas, Fatih Santas
The aims of this study was to determine the trends in rates of caesarean sections in Turkey. The data source for this study was the Turkey Demographic and Health Survey (TDHS) 1993-1998-2003-2008-2013 conducted by Hacettepe University, Institute of Population Studies. Cross tables and binary logistic regression were used for analysis. It was found that the caesarean section rate, which was 14.3% in 1993, increased to 51.9% in 2013. The rate increased with maternal age and educational level at childbirth. The Caesarean section rate was higher in women who were under health insurance coverage, first time mothers, childbirth in the private health institutions, those staying in the Western region and urban areas, and having the highest level of wealth...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Maria Chiara Corti, Francesco Avossa, Elena Schievano, Pietro Gallina, Eliana Ferroni, Natalia Alba, Matilde Dotto, Cristina Basso, Silvia Tiozzo Netti, Ugo Fedeli, Domenico Mantoan
BACKGROUND: The Italian National Health Service (NHS) provides universal coverage to all citizens, granting primary and hospital care with a copayment system for outpatient and drug services. Financing of Local Health Trusts (LHTs) is based on a capitation system adjusted only for age, gender and area of residence. We applied a risk-adjustment system (Johns Hopkins Adjusted Clinical Groups System, ACG® System) in order to explain health care costs using routinely collected administrative data in the Veneto Region (North-eastern Italy)...
March 4, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
R Agustín-Panadero, B Serra-Pastor, A Fons-Font, M F Solá-Ruíz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical behavior of one-piece complete-coverage crowns and fixed partial dentures (FPDs) on teeth with vertical preparation without finish line biologically oriented preparation technique (BOPT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: This prospective study included 52 patients requiring treatment with restorations in the esthetic region: 74 crowns and 27 FPDs. The sample included a total of 149 teeth that were prepared vertically without finish line...
March 7, 2018: Operative Dentistry
Francisca Stutzin Donoso
This paper starts by establishing a prima facie case that disadvantaged groups or individuals are more likely to get a chronic disease and are in a disadvantaged position to adhere to chronic treatment despite access through Universal Health Coverage. However, the main aim of this paper is to explore the normative implications of this claim by examining two different but intertwined argumentative lines that might contribute to a better understanding of the ethical challenges faced by chronic disease health policy...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
Onarheim Kristine Husøy, Sisay Mitike Molla, Gizaw Muluken, Moland Karen Marie, Norheim Ole Frithof, Miljeteig Ingrid
BACKGROUND: The first month of life is the period with the highest risk of dying. Despite knowledge of effective interventions, newborn mortality is high and utilization of health care services remains low in Ethiopia. In settings without universal health coverage, the economy of a household is vulnerable to illness, and out-of-pocket payments may limit families' opportunities to seek health care for newborns. In this paper we explore intra-household resource allocation, focusing on how families prioritize newborn health versus other household needs and their coping strategies for managing these priorities...
March 2, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Shamsul Arifeen Khan Mamun, Rasheda Khanam, Mohammad Mafizur Rahman
BACKGROUND: The Government of Bangladesh has a National Healthcare Strategy 2012-2032 that reiterates a goal to achieve universal health coverage (UHC) by the year 2032. To achieve the goal, the government has set up a strategy to reduce the share of out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure from the current 64% of the total household healthcare costs to 32% at the national level. As the majority of the people live in the rural areas, and the rural people are generally poor, the success of the strategy relies predominantly on any type of pro-poor healthcare policy and strategy...
March 1, 2018: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
Jessica E Salerno, Leonard S Weiss, David D Salcido
INTRODUCTION: Opioid-related overdoses have been steadily increasing over the past decade in the United States. Naloxone is used by first responders to revive overdose victims, but results may be improved by increasing access to and usage of naloxone by bystanders. Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) are pervasive, recognizable, and publicly accessible. Co-locating naloxone kits with AEDs could increase public naloxone access and usage. However, the impact of co-locating naloxone kits with AEDs is not known...
March 1, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
Jacqueline K Kung'u, Banda Ndiaye, Crispin Ndedda, Girma Mamo, Mame Bineta Ndiaye, Richard Pendame, Lynnette Neufeld, James Mwitari, Hentsa Haddush Desta, Marietou Diop, Maimouna Doudou, Luz Maria De-Regil
Maternal and neonatal mortality are unacceptably high in developing countries. Essential nutrition interventions contribute to reducing this mortality burden, although nutrition is poorly integrated into health systems. Universal health coverage is an essential prerequisite to decreasing mortality indices. However, provision and utilization of nutrition and health services for pregnant women and their newborns are poor and the potential for improvement is limited where health systems are weak. The Community-Based Maternal and Neonatal Health and Nutrition project was established as a set of demonstration projects in 4 countries in Africa with varied health system contexts where there were barriers to safe maternal health care at individual, community and facility levels...
February 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Szu-Jui Fan, Ning Lu, Hui-Chih Chang, Chao-Hsiun Tang, Kuo-Cherh Huang
The aim of the nationwide retrospective matched cohort study was to evaluate health service utilization and medical costs between patients with schizophrenia who received long-acting injectable (LAI) risperidone and those who took risperidone orally. Data were sourced from the 2008 to 2013 Psychiatric Inpatient Medical Claim Dataset in Taiwan. The sample selection process was performed by propensity score matching. Finally, there were 691 patients in the exposed cohort and 1382 patients in the unexposed cohort...
February 27, 2018: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
Raya Saab, Sima Jeha, Haifaa Khalifeh, Lama Zahreddine, Layal Bayram, Zeina Merabi, Miguel Abboud, Samar Muwakkit, Nidale Tarek, Carlos Rodriguez-Galindo, Hassan ElSolh
BACKGROUND: The unrest in Syria has resulted in an escalating refugee crisis. The postwar lack of health care infrastructure in Iraq has also resulted in Iraqis seeking health care in neighboring countries. Pediatric cancer is largely curable, although its treatment is expensive and complex. Strategies to implement pediatric cancer care with curative intent in these vulnerable populations are lacking. METHODS: To assess the feasibility of a collaborative approach for the provision of care to displaced children with cancer, this study reviewed the experience of the authors over the past 6 years in Lebanon, the country with the highest number of refugees per capita in the world...
February 28, 2018: Cancer
Lise R Øie, Mattis A Madsbu, Charalampis Giannadakis, Anders Vorhaug, Heidi Jensberg, Øyvind Salvesen, Sasha Gulati
Objectives: Administrative health registries need to have accurate diagnoses and sufficient coverage in the population they serve in order to be useful in research. In this study, we investigated the proportion of discharge diagnoses of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) that were coded correctly in the Norwegian Patient Registry (NPR). Materials and Methods: We reviewed the electronic medical records and diagnostic imaging of all admissions to St. Olavs University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway, between January 1, 2008, to December 31, 2014, with a discharge diagnosis of ICH in the NPR, and estimated positive predictive values (PPVs) for primary and secondary diagnoses...
February 2018: Brain and Behavior
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