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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644696/varicella-vaccination-the-global-experience
#1
Peter Wutzler, Paolo Bonanni, Margaret Burgess, Anne Gershon, Marco Aurélio Sáfadi, Giacomo Casabona
Introduction Varicella, although a frequently benign childhood disease, nevertheless represents a considerable health burden. WHO recommends including varicella vaccines in universal routine vaccination programs, and maintaining coverage >80%. Many countries have successfully introduced varicella vaccination and have benefited from lower disease burden, but many others have not adopted the vaccine. Reasons include cost commitment for a 'mild childhood disease' or concerns that vaccination will shift varicella to older age groups or increase herpes zoster incidence...
June 23, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643435/interventions-for-enhancing-the-distribution-of-dental-professionals-a-concise-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Ralf Jäger, Neeltje van den Berg, Falk Schwendicke
BACKGROUND: A spatially unequal distribution of dentists or dental care professionals (D/DCPs), such as therapists or hygienists, could reduce the quality of health services and increase health inequities. This review describes the interventions available to enhance this spatial distribution and systematically assesses their effectiveness. METHODS: Electronic databases (Cochrane CENTRAL, Medline, Embase, CINAHL) were searched and cross-referencing was performed using a standardised searching algorithm...
June 23, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639034/ageing-health-status-and-coverage-rate-effects-on-community-prescription-costs-in-ireland
#3
Martin Kenneally, Brenda Lynch
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to explore how GMS drug costs depend on age, gender, income, health status, community drug scheme coverage rates and whether they display significant differences across regions of Ireland. We also aim to find out whether the GMS drug costs of high and low income cohorts respond similarly to changes in their health status. The paper projects GMS drug costs in 2026 and examines the separate cost of population ageing and population growth over the period...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634875/mental-health-care-disparities-now-and-in-the-future
#4
Rahn Bailey, Daphne Sharpe, Tricia Kwiatkowski, Susanne Watson, A Dexter Samuels, Jasmine Hall
In 2014, the USA spent $3 trillion dollars in health care the most per capita in the world. However, the USA lacks universal health coverage, and lags behind other highly developed and wealthy countries in life expectancy (even some "non wealthy" countries have better outcomes). The USA also has deficits in other health outcome measures. Health care costs in the USA continue to rise annually and many patients receive only mediocre care. In addition, clear disparities exist across different communities, socioeconomic groups, and race and ethnicity groups...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629443/parents-and-guardians-perceptions-on-availability-and-pricing-of-medicines-and-healthcare-for-children-in-ethekwini-south-africa-a-qualitative-study
#5
Velisha Ann Perumal-Pillay, Fatima Suleman
BACKGROUND: Inadequate access to affordable essential medicines poses a challenge to achieving Universal Health Coverage. Access to essential medicines for children has been in the spotlight in recent research. However, information from the end users of medicines, i.e. patients is scarce. Obtaining information at a household level is integral to understanding how people access, obtain and use medicines. This study aimed to gather opinions and perceptions from parents/guardians on availability, affordability and quality of medicines and healthcare for children in SA...
June 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627085/examining-levels-distribution-and-correlates-of-health-insurance-coverage-in-kenya
#6
Jacob S Kazungu, Edwine W Barasa
OBJECTIVE: To examine the levels, inequalities, and factors associated with health insurance coverage in Kenya. METHODS: We analyzed secondary data from the Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS) conducted in 2009 and 2014. We examined the level of health insurance coverage overall, and by type, using an asset index to categorize households into 5 socio-economic quintiles with quintile 5 (Q5) being the richest and quintile 1 (Q1) being the poorest. The high-low ratio (Q5/Q1 ratio), concentration curve, and concentration index (CIX) were employed to assess inequalities in health insurance coverage, and logistic regression to examine correlates of health insurance coverage...
June 19, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627051/investigating-the-job-satisfaction-of-healthcare-providers-at%C3%A2-primary-healthcare-centres-in-lebanon-a-national-cross-sectional-study
#7
Mohamad Alameddine, Maysa Baroud, Samer Kharroubi, Randa Hamadeh, Walid Ammar, Hikma Shoaib, Hiba Khodr
Low job satisfaction is linked to higher staff turnover and intensified shortages in healthcare providers (HCP). This study investigates the level of, and factors associated with, HCP job satisfaction in the national primary healthcare (PHC) network in Lebanon. The study adopts a cross-sectional design to survey HCP at 99 PHC centres distributed across the country between October 2013 and May 2014. The study questionnaire consisted of four sections: socio-demographics/professional background, employment characteristics, level of job satisfaction (Measure of Job Satisfaction scale) and level of professional burnout (Maslach Burnout Inventory-HSS scale)...
June 18, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625030/the-clinical-nutrition-research-agenda-in-indonesia-and-beyond-ecological-strategy-for-food-in-health-care-delivery
#8
Widjaja Lukito, Lindawati Wibowo, Mark L Wahlqvist
Despite progress with the food-associated health agenda in the public health and clinical domains, much remains to be done in Indonesia. There are reasons to be optimistic which include economic development, increasing literacy, progress towards universal health coverage and community organizational arrangements across the archipelago which focus on health through some 10,000 puskesmas. These community health centres are variably staffed with voluntary cadres from the community, bidans (nurses) and general medical practitioners...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619209/gravitating-towards-universal-health-coverage-in-the-new-who-era
#9
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Global Health
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619076/effectiveness-and-equity-of-the-tanzania-national-voucher-scheme-for-mosquito-nets-over-10%C3%A2-years-of-implementation
#10
Karen Kramer, Renata Mandike, Rose Nathan, Ally Mohamed, Matthew Lynch, Nick Brown, Ally Mnzava, Wilhelmina Rimisho, Christian Lengeler
BACKGROUND: The Tanzania National Voucher Scheme (TNVS) was a public private partnership managed by the Ministry of Health that provided pregnant women and infants with highly subsidized (long-lasting) insecticide-treated nets between 2004 and 2014. It was implemented in the context of the National Insecticide Treated Nets (NATNETS) Programme and was the main keep up strategy for vulnerable populations. CASE DESCRIPTION: The programme design was adjusted considerably over time to incorporate new evidence, shifting public health policies, and changing donor priorities...
June 15, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617238/public-health-policy-in-support-of-insurance-coverage-for-smoking-cessation-treatments
#11
Robert Schwartz, Farzana Haji, Alexey Babayan, Christopher Longo, Roberta Ferrence
Insurance coverage for evidence-based smoking cessation treatments (SCTs) promotes uptake and reduces smoking rates. Published studies in this area are based in the US where employers are the primary source of health insurance. In Ontario, Canada, publicly funded healthcare does not cover SCTs, but it can be supplemented with employer-sponsored benefit plans. This study explores factors affecting the inclusion/exclusion of smoking cessation (SC) benefits. In total, 17 interviews were conducted with eight employers (auto, retail, banking, municipal and university industries), four health insurers, two government representatives and three advisors/consultants...
May 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614473/-active-community-case-finding-for-uptake-of-pregnant-and-postpartum-women-in-ecuador
#12
Jakeline Calle Roldán, Cecilia Acuña, Paulina Ríos
Objective: Document and analyze Ecuador's experience using active community case-finding for uptake of pregnant and postpartum women in Ecuador. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted of information obtained on active community case-finding of pregnant and postpartum women in the catchment areas of 200 primary care facilities of Ecuador's Ministry of Public Health. Results: Visits were made to 460 451 homes in 20 provinces; 15 622 pregnant women and 4 014 postpartum women were identified...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614471/-payment-mechanisms-and-financial-resources-management-for-consolidation-of-ecuador-s-health-system
#13
Tatiana Villacrés, Ana Cristina Mena
Objective: Analyze the proposal by the Ministry of Public Health to reform the public financing model in Ecuador with regard to pooling of funds and payment mechanisms. Method: A literature review was done of the financing model, the current legal framework, and the budgetary bases in Pubmed, SciELO, LILACS Ecuador, and regional LILACS using the key words health financing, health financing systems, capitation, pooling of funds, health system reform Ecuador, health system Ecuador, and health payment mechanisms...
June 8, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607233/universal-health-coverage-and-the-health-sustainable-development-goal-achievements-and-challenges-for-sri-lanka
#14
Amala de Silva, Thushara Ranasinghe, Palitha Abeykoon
With state-funded health care that is free at the point of delivery, a sound primary health-care policy and widespread health-care services, Sri Lanka seems a good example of universal health coverage. Yet, health transition and disparities in provision and financing threaten this situation. Sri Lanka did well on the Millennium Development Goal health indicators, but the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) for health has a wider purview, which is to "ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages"...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606975/drivers-of-expenditure-on-primary-care-prescription-drugs-in-10-high-income-countries-with-universal-health-coverage
#15
Steven G Morgan, Christine Leopold, Anita K Wagner
BACKGROUND: Managing expenditures on pharmaceuticals is important for health systems to sustain universal access to necessary medicines. We sought to estimate the size and sources of differences in expenditures on primary care medications among high-income countries with universal health care systems. METHODS: We compared data on the 2015 volume and cost per day of primary care prescription drug therapies purchased in 10 high-income countries with various systems of universal health care coverage (7 from Europe, in addition to Australia, Canada and New Zealand)...
June 12, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606372/attrition-and-mortality-of-children-receiving-antiretroviral-treatment-through-the-universal-coverage-health-program-in-thailand
#16
Sirinya Teeraananchai, Stephen J Kerr, Thanyawee Puthanakit, Torsak Bunupuradah, Kiat Ruxrungtham, Suchada Chaivooth, Matthew G Law, Kulkanya Chokephaibulkit
OBJECTIVE: To assess mortality and loss to follow-up of children with HIV infection who started antiretroviral therapy (ART) through the Universal Coverage Health Program (UC) in Thailand. STUDY DESIGN: Children with HIV infection who initiated ART at age <15 years through the UC between 2008 and 2013 were included in the analysis. Death was ascertained through linkage with the National Death Registry. A competing-risks method was used to calculate subdistribution hazard ratios (SHRs) of predictors for loss to follow-up...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606020/neonatal-hearing-screening-in-remote-areas-of-china-a-comparison-between-rural-and-urban-populations
#17
Wu Wenjin, Tang Xiangrong, Li Yun, Lü Jingrong, Chen Jianyong, Wang Xueling, Huang Zhiwu, Wu Hao
Objectives Universal neonatal hearing screening (UNHS) started late in some underdeveloped areas in China, with relatively scarce screening resources and a wide regional distribution. This study aimed to compare the screening performance between rural and urban populations, and to examine the characteristics and problems of UNHS in underdeveloped regions in China. Methods A two-step hearing screening program was used in neonates born in Liuzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital and in patients who were born in other hospitals, but admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596911/mental-health-provision-in-schools-approaches-and-interventions-in-10-european-countries
#18
P Patalay, D Gondek, B Moltrecht, L Giese, C Curtin, M Stanković, N Savka
BACKGROUND: The role of schools in providing community-based support for children's mental health and well-being is widely accepted and encouraged. Research has mainly focused on designing and evaluating specific interventions and there is little data available regarding what provision is available, the focus and priorities of schools and the professionals involved in providing this support. The current study presents these data from schools in 10 European countries. METHODS: Online survey of 1466 schools in France, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Serbia, Spain, Sweden, UK and Ukraine...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595660/health-technology-assessment-in-turkey
#19
Rabia Kahveci, Esra Meltem Koç, Emine Özer Küçük
OBJECTIVES: The healthcare transformation program in Turkey has shown its success with improvements in important health indicators, increased access to healthcare services and expansion of coverage to all citizens. Turkey has been relatively able to bear the burdens associated with this due to rapid economic growth. The need for health technology assessment (HTA) was believed as a result of the expansion of coverage, pressure of new technologies, and increased expenditures. This study outlines the background and current formalization of HTA and shares the current use of HTA in decision making, while summarizing the transformation of the Turkish healthcare system for developing a high-quality, equal, and accessible care system...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595624/immunization-urbanization-and-slums-a-systematic-review-of-factors-and-interventions
#20
Tim Crocker-Buque, Godwin Mindra, Richard Duncan, Sandra Mounier-Jack
BACKGROUND: In 2014, over half (54%) of the world's population lived in urban areas and this proportion will increase to 66% by 2050. This urbanizing trend has been accompanied by an increasing number of people living in urban poor communities and slums. Lower immunization coverage is found in poorer urban dwellers in many contexts. This study aims to identify factors associated with immunization coverage in poor urban areas and slums, and to identify interventions to improve coverage...
June 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
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