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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215010/key-actions-towards-the-sustainable-management-of-european-geese
#1
David A Stroud, Jesper Madsen, Anthony D Fox
Increasing abundance of geese in North America and Europe constitutes a major conservation success, but has caused increasing conflicts with economic, health and safety interests, as well as ecosystem impacts. Potential conflict resolution through a single, 'one size fits all' policy is hindered by differences in species' ecology, behaviour, abundance and population status, and in contrasting political and socio-economic environments across the flyways. Effective goose management requires coordinated application of a suite of tools from the local level to strategic flyway management actions...
March 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214473/pacific-island-health-inequities-forecast-to-grow-unless-profound-changes-are-made-to-health-systems-in-the-region
#2
Don Matheson, Kunhee Park, Taniela Sunia Soakai
Objective Twenty years ago the Pacific's health ministers developed a 'Healthy Islands' vision to lead health development in the subregion. This paper reports on a review of health development over this period and discusses the implications for the attainment of the health related Sustainable Development Goals.Methods The review used qualitative and quantitative methods. The qualitative review included conducting semi-structured interviews with Pacific Island Government Ministers and officials, regional agencies, health workers and community members...
February 20, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212971/should-countries-set-an-explicit-health-benefits-package-the-case-of-the-english-national-health-service
#3
Peter C Smith, Kalipso Chalkidou
BACKGROUND: A fundamental debate in the transition towards universal health coverage concerns whether to establish an explicit health benefits package to which all citizens are entitled, and the level of detail in which to specify that package. At one extreme, the treatments to be funded, and the circumstances in which patients qualify for the treatment, might be specified in great detail, and be entirely mandatory. This would make clinicians little more than automata, carrying out prescribed practice...
January 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210361/estimating-the-cost-of-care-for-emergency-department-syncope-patients-comparison-of-three-models
#4
Marc A Probst, John K McConnell, Robert E Weiss, Amber L Laurie, Annick N Yagapen, Michelle P Lin, Jeffrey M Caterino, Manish N Shah, Benjamin C Sun
INTRODUCTION: We sought to compare three hospital cost-estimation models for patients undergoing evaluation for unexplained syncope using hospital cost data. Developing such a model would allow researchers to assess the value of novel clinical algorithms for syncope management. METHODS: We collected complete health services data, including disposition, testing, and length of stay (LOS), on 67 adult patients (age 60 years and older) who presented to the emergency department (ED) with syncope at a single hospital...
February 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209145/state-budget-transfers-to-health-insurance-to-expand-coverage-to-people-outside-formal-sector-work-in-latin-america
#5
Inke Mathauer, Thorsten Behrendt
BACKGROUND: Contributory social health insurance for formal sector employees only has proven challenging for moving towards universal health coverage (UHC). This is because the informally employed and the poor usually remain excluded. One way to expand UHC is to fully or partially subsidize health insurance contributions for excluded population groups through government budget transfers. This paper analyses the institutional design features of such government subsidization arrangements in Latin America and assesses their performance with respect to UHC progress...
February 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205370/progressive-universalism-the-impact-of-targeted-coverage-on-health-care-access-and-expenditures-in-peru
#6
Sven Neelsen, Owen O'Donnell
Like other countries seeking a progressive path to universalism, Peru has attempted to reduce inequalities in access to health care by granting the poor entitlement to tax-financed basic care without charge. We identify the impact of this policy by comparing the target population's change in health care utilization with that of poor adults already covered through employment-based insurance. There are positive effects on receipt of ambulatory care and medication that are largest among the elderly and the poorest...
February 16, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202927/factors-that-encourage-and-discourage-policy-making-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-experience-in-the-united-states
#7
Lainie Rutkow, Jesse Jones-Smith, Hannah J Walters, Marguerite O'Hara, Sara N Bleich
Policy-makers throughout the world seek to address childhood obesity prevention, yet little is known about factors that influence policy-makers' decisions on this topic. From September 2014 to April 2015, we conducted 43 semi-structured interviews about factors that encourage and discourage policy-makers' support for childhood obesity prevention policies. We interviewed policy-makers (n = 12) and two other groups engaged with childhood obesity prevention policies: representatives of non-governmental organizations (n = 24) and academics (n = 7)...
December 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202479/improving-services-for-glaucoma-care-in-nigeria-implications-for-policy-and-programmes-to-achieve-universal-health-coverage
#8
Fatima Kyari, Clare Gilbert, Karl Blanchet, Richard Wormald
Glaucoma in Africa is sometimes referred to as the silent thief of sight. In Nigeria, glaucoma is common, it is serious, ophthalmologists face many constraints in managing it, people do not even know they have it until it is advanced, patients do not understand or comply with treatment after they are diagnosed and the poor are more likely to be glaucoma blind. Available evidence indicates that the health system in Nigeria is failing to meet the needs of patients with glaucoma. Based on evidence, we propose future directions for improving services for glaucoma care in Nigeria, and the implications for policy and programmes to control glaucoma blindness, using a health system-oriented approach...
February 15, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199405/co-financing-for-viral-load-monitoring-during-the-course-of-antiretroviral-therapy-among-patients-with-hiv-aids-in-vietnam-a-contingent-valuation-survey
#9
Quyen Le Thi Nguyen, Long Hoang Nguyen, Bach Xuan Tran, Huong Thi Thu Phan, Huong Thi Le, Hinh Duc Nguyen, Tho Dinh Tran, Cuong Duy Do, Cuong Manh Nguyen, Vu Thi Minh Thuc, Carl Latkin, Melvyn W B Zhang, Roger C M Ho
BACKGROUND: Viral load testing is considered the gold standard for monitoring HIV treatment; however, given its high cost, some patients cannot afford viral load testing if this testing is not subsidized. Since foreign aid for HIV/AIDS in Vietnam is rapidly decreasing, we sought to assess willingness to pay (WTP) for viral load and CD4 cell count tests among HIV-positive patients, and identified factors that might inform future co-payment schemes. METHODS: A multi-site cross-sectional survey was conducted with 1133 HIV-positive patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Hanoi and Nam Dinh...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196532/referral-of-children-seeking-care-at-private-health-facilities-in-uganda
#10
Anthony K Mbonye, Esther Buregyeya, Elizeus Rutebemberwa, Siân E Clarke, Sham Lal, Kristian S Hansen, Pascal Magnussen, Philip LaRussa
BACKGROUND: In Uganda, referral of sick children seeking care at public health facilities is poor and widely reported. However, studies focusing on the private health sector are scanty. The main objective of this study was to assess referral practices for sick children seeking care at private health facilities in order to explore ways of improving treatment and referral of sick children in this sector. METHODS: A survey was conducted from August to October 2014 in Mukono district, central Uganda...
February 14, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193230/analysis-of-the-policymaking-process-in-burkina-faso-s-health-sector-case-studies-of-the-creation-of-two-health-system-support-units
#11
Andre Zida, John N Lavis, Nelson K Sewankambo, Bocar Kouyate, Kaelan Moat, Jessica Shearer
BACKGROUND: Burkina Faso has made a number of health system policy decisions to improve performance on health indicators and strengthen responsiveness to health-related challenges. These included the creation of a General Directorate of Health Information and Statistics (DGISS) and a technical unit to coordinate performance-based financing (CT-FBR). We analysed the policymaking processes associated with the establishment of these units, and documented the factors that influenced this process...
February 13, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188462/caring-for-the-caregiver-identifying-the-needs-of-those-called-to-care-through-partnerships-with-congregations
#12
Panagis Galiatsatos, Katie Nelson, W Daniel Hale
As the older adult population continues to grow, the prevalence of chronic diseases is also increasing, leading to the need for novel ways of managing this large population of patients. One solution is to focus on informal caregivers. These informal caregivers already make a substantial contribution to our nation's healthcare finances and patient health outcomes. Caregivers also derive benefits from caring for their family member or friend; however, it is not uncommon for these individuals to experience negative health consequences, or what is often called "burden of care...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185239/family-impact-of-migraine-development-of-the-impact-of-migraine-on-partners-and-adolescent-children-impac-scale
#13
Richard B Lipton, Dawn C Buse, Aubrey Manack Adams, Sepideh F Varon, Kristina M Fanning, Michael L Reed
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of the Impact of Migraine on Partners and Adolescent Children (IMPAC) scale. BACKGROUND: Although existing data and clinical experience suggest that the impact of migraine is pervasive and extends beyond the individual with migraine, no validated tools exist for assessing the impact of migraine on the family. METHODS: The Chronic Migraine Epidemiology and Outcomes (CaMEO) Study is a longitudinal study of people with migraine in the United States...
February 10, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184017/an-update-of-the-hong-kong-epilepsy-guideline-consensus-statement-on-the-use-of-antiepileptic-drugs-in-hong-kong
#14
J Ky Fong, E Ly Chan, H Leung, I Chan, R Sk Chang, G Cy Fong, E Lw Fung, C Ht Lui, B Bh Fung, T L Poon, D Siu, H T Wong, E Yeung, A Wy Yung, C Xl Zhu
OBJECTIVE: New information about antiepileptic drugs has arisen since the publication of the Hong Kong Epilepsy Guideline in 2009. This article set out to fill the knowledge gap between 2007 and 2016 on the use of antiepileptic drugs in Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS: Between May 2014 and April 2016, four consensus meetings were held in Hong Kong, where a group comprising 15 professionals (neurologists, paediatricians, neurosurgeons, radiologists, and clinical psychologists) from both public and private sectors aimed to review the best available evidence and update all practising physicians on a range of clinical issues including drug-related matters...
February 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183347/application-of-incident-command-structure-to-clinical-trial-management-in-the-academic-setting-principles-and-lessons-learned
#15
Penny S Reynolds, Mary J Michael, Bruce D Spiess
BACKGROUND: Clinical trial success depends on appropriate management, but practical guidance to trial organisation and planning is lacking. The Incident Command System (ICS) is the 'gold standard' management system developed for managing diverse operations in major incident and public health arenas. It enables effective and flexible management through integration of personnel, procedures, resources, and communications within a common hierarchical organisational structure. Conventional ICS organisation consists of five function modules: Command, Planning, Operations, Logistics, and Finance/Administration...
February 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182782/correction-donor-financing-of-global-mental-health-1995-2015-an-assessment-of-trends-channels-and-alignment-with-the-disease-burden
#16
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0169384.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182475/state-strategies-for-coordinating-medicaid-and-housing-services
#17
Rebecca Kleinman, Matthew Kehn, Allison Wishon Siegwarth, Jonathan Brown
OBJECTIVE: This article reports findings from case studies of 4 states (Illinois, Louisiana, Massachusetts, and Tennessee) that used different approaches to coordinate Medicaid services with temporary or permanent housing supports for individuals with psychiatric disabilities. METHOD: Data were collected through document review, telephone interviews with state officials and managed care organizations, and site visits to behavioral health and housing providers, and consumer organizations...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182470/supported-education-for-individuals-with-psychiatric-disabilities-state-of-the-practice-and-policy-implications
#18
Heather Ringeisen, Marsha Langer Ellison, Amy Ryder-Burge, Kathleen Biebel, Shums Alikhan, Emily Jones
OBJECTIVE: Supported education (SEd) is a promising practice that supports and encourages educational goals and attainment among individuals with psychiatric disabilities. This paper provides insights into how SEd objectives are pursued in different settings, assesses the evidence base, and discusses policy implications. METHOD: Insights from 3 data sources were synthesized: published literature, an environmental scan, and 3 site visits to programs that support the education goals of individuals with psychiatric disabilities...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182156/how-do-demographic-transitions-and-public-health-policies-affect-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-in-brazil
#19
REVIEW
Tânia M Bovolenta, Andre C Felicio
Brazil is currently experiencing a significant demographic transition characterized by a decrease in fertility rates and an exponential increase in the number of elderly citizens, which presents a special challenge for the health care professionals. More than other portions of the population, the elderly are most commonly affected by chronic diseases such as Parkinson's disease. Policymakers contend that Brazil is reasonably well-prepared regarding elderly health care, with policies that aim to ensure the quality of life and the well-being of this portion of the population...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178979/managed-care-and-inpatient-mortality-in-adults-effect-of-primary-payer
#20
Anika L Hines, Susan O Raetzman, Marguerite L Barrett, Ernest Moy, Roxanne M Andrews
BACKGROUND: Because managed care is increasingly prevalent in health care finance and delivery, it is important to ascertain its effects on health care quality relative to that of fee-for-service plans. Some stakeholders are concerned that basing gatekeeping, provider selection, and utilization management on cost may lower quality of care. To date, research on this topic has been inconclusive, largely because of variation in research methods and covariates. Patient age has been the only consistently evaluated outcome predictor...
February 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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