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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223486/cost-effectiveness-of-rotavirus-vaccination-in-ghana-examining-impacts-from-2012-to-2031
#1
Justice Nonvignon, Deborah Atherly, Clint Pecenka, Moses Aikins, Lauren Gazley, Devin Groman, Clement T Narh, George Armah
BACKGROUND: Diarrhea causes about 10% of all deaths in children under five years globally, with rotavirus causing about 40% of all diarrhea deaths. Ghana introduced rotavirus vaccination as part of routine immunization in 2012 and it has been shown to be effective in reducing disease burden in children under five years. Ghana's transition from low to lower-middle income status in 2010 implies fewer resources from Gavi as well as other major global financing mechanisms. Ghana will soon bear the full cost of vaccines...
December 6, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221542/ability-to-pay-for-future-national-health-financing-scheme-among-malaysian-households
#2
Azimatun Noor Aizuddin, Syed Mohamed Aljunid
BACKGROUND: Malaysia is no exception to the challenging health care financing phenomenon of globalization. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to assess the ability to pay among Malaysian households as preparation for a future national health financing scheme. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving representative samples of 774 households in Peninsular Malaysia. FINDINGS: A majority of households were found to have the ability to pay for their health care...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219137/bridging-miles-to-achieve-milestones-corporate-social-responsibility-for-primary-health-care
#3
Ruchie Gulati
Sustainable Developmental Goals aim to provide "Good health for all". The task though immense ,requires equitable and efficient distribution of health resources to the community, reached predominantly by the Primary Health Centres. Strengthening these centres is essential to attain the goal. Adequate health financing is one of the important determinants for utilizing the optimal potential of these centres . Pooling funds from alternate financing strategies as Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) funds may give impetus and facilitate healthcare affordability to the underserved population...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219132/assessment-of-the-performance-of-community-directed-treatment-with-ivermectin-strategy-for-the-control-and-elimination-of-onchocerciasis-in-edo-state-nigeria
#4
Amenze Oritsemofe Onowhakpor, Obehi Hilda Okojie, Victoria A Wagbatsoma
BACKGROUND: Community-directed treatment with ivermectin (CDTI) was developed in the mid 1990's as a solution for the control and elimination of onchocerciasis. It requires that ivermectin be administered continuously over a period of at least 14 years with community involvement before elimination can be achieved. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to assess the performance of CDTI strategy for control and elimination of onchocerciasis in endemic Local Government areas of Edo State...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217954/the-barriers-to-achieve-financial-protection-in-iranian-health-system-a-qualitative-study-in-a-developing-country
#5
Seyran Naghdi, Tayebeh Moradi, Fateh Tavangar, Giti Bahrami, Mohammadi Shahboulaghi, Hesam Ghiasvand
Background: The move to universal health coverage and consequently health promotion is influenced by political, socio-economic and other contextual factors in a country. Iran, as a developing country with an upper-middle national income, has developed policies to achieve universal health coverage through financial protection. This study aims to investigate barriers to develop financial protection as a requirement to achieve universal health coverage. Materials and Methods: This qualitative study was conducted using 20 in-depth interviews with experts in social welfare, health insurance and financing...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216886/a-mixed-methods-study-of-system-level-sustainability-of-evidence-based-practices-in-12-large-scale-implementation-initiatives
#6
Ashley T Scudder, Sarah M Taber-Thomas, Kristen Schaffner, Joy R Pemberton, Leah Hunter, Amy D Herschell
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, evidence-based practices (EBPs) have been broadly promoted in community behavioural health systems in the United States of America, yet reported EBP penetration rates remain low. Determining how to systematically sustain EBPs in complex, multi-level service systems has important implications for public health. This study examined factors impacting the sustainability of parent-child interaction therapy (PCIT) in large-scale initiatives in order to identify potential predictors of sustainment...
December 7, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216877/donor-funded-project-s-sustainability-assessment-a-qualitative-case-study-of-a-results-based-financing-pilot-in-koulikoro-region-mali
#7
Mathieu Seppey, Valéry Ridde, Laurence Touré, Abdourahmane Coulibaly
BACKGROUND: Results-based financing (RBF) is emerging as a new alternative to finance health systems in many African countries. In Mali, a pilot project was conducted to improve demand and supply of health services through financing performance in targeted services. No study has explored the sustainability process of such a project in Africa. This study's objectives were to understand the project's sustainability process and to assess its level of sustainability. METHODS: Sustainability was examined through its different determinants, phases, levels and contexts...
December 8, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216520/green-pastures-do-us-real-estate-prices-respond-to-population-health
#8
Claudia Nau, David Bishai
We investigate whether communities with improving population health will subsequently experience rising real estate prices. Home price indices (HPIs) for 371 MSAs from 1990 to 2010 are regressed against life-expectancy five years prior. HPIs come from the Federal Housing Finance Agency. Life expectancy estimates come from the Institute of Health Metrics. Our analysis uses random and fixed effect models with a comprehensive set of controls. Life expectancy predicted increases in the HPI controlling for potential confounders...
December 4, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208398/future-cancer-research-priorities-in-the-usa-a-lancet-oncology-commission
#9
REVIEW
Elizabeth M Jaffee, Chi Van Dang, David B Agus, Brian M Alexander, Kenneth C Anderson, Alan Ashworth, Anna D Barker, Roshan Bastani, Sangeeta Bhatia, Jeffrey A Bluestone, Otis Brawley, Atul J Butte, Daniel G Coit, Nancy E Davidson, Mark Davis, Ronald A DePinho, Robert B Diasio, Giulio Draetta, A Lindsay Frazier, Andrew Futreal, Sam S Gambhir, Patricia A Ganz, Levi Garraway, Stanton Gerson, Sumit Gupta, James Heath, Ruth I Hoffman, Cliff Hudis, Chanita Hughes-Halbert, Ramy Ibrahim, Hossein Jadvar, Brian Kavanagh, Rick Kittles, Quynh-Thu Le, Scott M Lippman, David Mankoff, Elaine R Mardis, Deborah K Mayer, Kelly McMasters, Neal J Meropol, Beverly Mitchell, Peter Naredi, Dean Ornish, Timothy M Pawlik, Jeffrey Peppercorn, Martin G Pomper, Derek Raghavan, Christine Ritchie, Sally W Schwarz, Richard Sullivan, Richard Wahl, Jedd D Wolchok, Sandra L Wong, Alfred Yung
We are in the midst of a technological revolution that is providing new insights into human biology and cancer. In this era of big data, we are amassing large amounts of information that is transforming how we approach cancer treatment and prevention. Enactment of the Cancer Moonshot within the 21st Century Cures Act in the USA arrived at a propitious moment in the advancement of knowledge, providing nearly US$2 billion of funding for cancer research and precision medicine. In 2016, the Blue Ribbon Panel (BRP) set out a roadmap of recommendations designed to exploit new advances in cancer diagnosis, prevention, and treatment...
November 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208296/crucial-role-of-finance-ministry-in-achieving-universal-health-coverage
#10
Taro Aso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208026/operationalizing-mhealth-to-improve-patient-care-a-qualitative-implementation-science-evaluation-of-the-weltel-texting-intervention-in-canada-and-kenya
#11
Kevin Louis Bardosh, Melanie Murray, Antony M Khaemba, Kirsten Smillie, Richard Lester
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) applications have proliferated across the globe with much enthusiasm, although few have reached scale and shown public health impact. In this study, we explored how different contextual factors influenced the implementation, effectiveness and potential for scale-up of WelTel, an easy-to-use and evidence-based mHealth intervention. WelTel uses two-way SMS communication to improve patient adherence to medication and engagement in care, and has been developed and tested in Canada and Kenya...
December 6, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203524/trends-in-adolescent-mental-health-during-economic-upturns-and-downturns-a-multilevel-analysis-of-swedish-data-1988-2008
#12
Yunhwan Kim, Curt Hagquist
BACKGROUND: A long-term trend of increasing mental health problems among adolescents in many Western countries indicates a great need to investigate if and how societal changes have contributed to the reported increase. Using seven waves of repeated cross-sectional data collected between 1988 and 2008 in Sweden, the current study examined if economic factors at the societal level (municipality unemployment rate) and at the individual level (worry about family finances), and their interaction could explain a secular trend in mental health problems...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202093/health-status-and-health-systems-financing-in-the-mena-region-roadmap-to-universal-health-coverage
#13
Eyob Zere Asbu, Maysoun Dimachkie Masri, Amer Kaissi
Background: Since the declaration of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 1990, many countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region made some improvements in maternal and child health and in tackling communicable diseases. The transition to the global agenda of Sustainable Development Goals brings new opportunities for countries to move forward toward achieving progress for better health, well-being, and universal health coverage. This study provides a profile of health status and health financing approaches in the MENA region and their implications on universal health coverage...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202091/health-financing-policies-in-sub-saharan-africa-%C3%A2-government-ownership-or-donors-influence-a-scoping-review-of-policymaking-processes
#14
Lara Gautier, Valéry Ridde
Background: The rise on the international scene of advocacy for universal health coverage (UHC) was accompanied by the promotion of a variety of health financing policies. Major donors presented health insurance, user fee exemption, and results-based financing policies as relevant instruments for achieving UHC in Sub-Saharan Africa. The "donor-driven" push for policies aiming at UHC raises concerns about governments' effective buy-in of such policies. Because the latter has implications on the success of such policies, we searched for evidence of government ownership of the policymaking process...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200346/public-and-private-payments-for-physician-office-visits
#15
Adam I Biener, Thomas M Selden
We used data for 2014-15 from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey to estimate standardized payments for nonelderly adults' physician office visits by type of insurance. Adults with public insurance, especially Medicaid, had substantially lower provider payments, out-of-pocket spending, and third-party payments than their peers with employer-sponsored or Marketplace insurance. Quantifying public-private payment differences can help clarify choices for financing health care among low-income Americans.
December 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200332/medicaid-expansion-and-marketplace-eligibility-both-increased-coverage-with-trade-offs-in-access-affordability
#16
Thomas M Selden, Brandy J Lipton, Sandra L Decker
Affordable Care Act (ACA) provisions implemented in 2014 provide a valuable case study regarding the merits of using public versus subsidized private insurance to help low-income people obtain and finance health care. In particular, nonelderly adults with incomes of 100-138 percent of the federal poverty level gained Medicaid eligibility if they lived in states that implemented the ACA's Medicaid expansion, whereas those in nonexpansion states became eligible for subsidized Marketplace coverage. Using data for 2008-15 from the National Health Interview Survey, we found that as of 2015, adults with family incomes in this range had experienced large declines in uninsurance rates in both expansion and nonexpansion states (the adjusted declines were 22 percentage points and 18 percentage points, respectively)...
December 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197386/cost-analysis-of-two-community-based-hiv-testing-service-modalities-led-by-a-non-governmental-organization-in-cape-town-south-africa
#17
Sue-Ann Meehan, Nulda Beyers, Ronelle Burger
BACKGROUND: In South Africa, the financing and sustainability of HIV services is a priority. Community-based HIV testing services (CB-HTS) play a vital role in diagnosis and linkage to HIV care for those least likely to utilise government health services. With insufficient estimates of the costs associated with CB-HTS provided by NGOs in South Africa, this cost analysis explored the cost to implement and provide services at two NGO-led CB-HTS modalities and calculated the costs associated with realizing key HIV outputs for each CB-HTS modality...
December 2, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197356/social-and-health-outcomes-following-upgrades-to-a-national-housing-standard-a-multilevel-analysis-of-a-five-wave-repeated-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Wouter Poortinga, Nikki Jones, Simon Lannon, Huw Jenkins
BACKGROUND: While existing research indicates that housing improvements are associated with health improvements, less is known about the wider social and health benefits of meeting national housing standards, as well as those of their specific constituent measures. This study evaluates the impacts of a managed housing upgrade programme through a repeated cross-sectional survey design. METHODS: A five-wave repeated cross-sectional survey was conducted over a seven-year period from 2009 to 2016 (n = 2075; n = 2219; n = 2015; n = 1991; and n = 1709, respectively)...
December 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194876/rational-decision-making-in-medicine-implications-for-overuse-and-underuse
#19
Benjamin Djulbegovic, Shira Elqayam, William Dale
In spite of substantial spending and resource utilization, today's health care remains characterized by poor outcomes, largely due to overuse (overtesting/overtreatment) or underuse (undertesting/undertreatment) of health services. To a significant extent, this is a consequence of low-quality decision making that appears to violate various rationality criteria. Such suboptimal decision making is considered a leading cause of death and is responsible for more than 80% of health expenses. In this paper, we address the issue of overuse or underuse of health care interventions from the perspective of rational choice theory...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192530/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-infliximab-adalimumab-golimumab-and-vedolizumab-for-moderate-to-severe-ulcerative-colitis-in-spain
#20
Cristina Trigo-Vicente, Vicente Gimeno-Ballester, Raquel Montoiro-Allué, Alejandro López-Del Val
OBJECTIVES: Assess the efficiency of biologic treatment for moderate to severe ulcerative colitis (UC) which are indicated and financed for this pathology by Spain. METHODS: A Markov model was constructed to simulate the progression in a cohort of patients with moderate to severe UC. The perspective chosen was National Health Service with an over 10 years of time horizon, with a discount rate of 3%, and established threshold of €30,000/quality-adjusted life-year (QALY)...
December 1, 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
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