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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730222/tuberculosis-and-its-particularities-in-romania-and-worldwide
#1
Floarea Mimi NiŢu, Mihai Olteanu, Costin Teodor Streba, Gabriela Jimborean, Paraschiva Postolache, Milena Adina Man, Antigona Carmen Trofor, Roxana Maria Nemeş, Livia Dragonu, Mădălina Olteanu
Tuberculosis (TB) is a global health issue, with a rising incidence since the beginning of this century. It poses a severe mortality risk and also poses a serious economic risk as it reduces the working capacity of an individual in the most productive part of life. Developing countries face widespread tuberculosis infection - up to 95% of all cases and 98% of deaths, respectively. It is a highly contagious infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (the Koch bacillus) that can be contracted from either humans or animal hosts...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728919/financing-health-systems-to-achieve-the-health-sustainable-development-goals
#2
Robert J Fryatt, Karishmah Bhuwanee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728918/financing-transformative-health-systems-towards-achievement-of-the-health-sustainable-development-goals-a-model-for-projected-resource-needs-in-67-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#3
Karin Stenberg, Odd Hanssen, Tessa Tan-Torres Edejer, Melanie Bertram, Callum Brindley, Andreia Meshreky, James E Rosen, John Stover, Paul Verboom, Rachel Sanders, Agnès Soucat
BACKGROUND: The ambitious development agenda of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) requires substantial investments across several sectors, including for SDG 3 (healthy lives and wellbeing). No estimates of the additional resources needed to strengthen comprehensive health service delivery towards the attainment of SDG 3 and universal health coverage in low-income and middle-income countries have been published. METHODS: We developed a framework for health systems strengthening, within which population-level and individual-level health service coverage is gradually scaled up over time...
July 14, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724381/the-human-resources-for-health-effort-index-a-tool-to-assess-and-inform-strategic-health-workforce-investments
#4
Alfredo L Fort, Rachel Deussom, Randi Burlew, Kate Gilroy, David Nelson
BACKGROUND: Despite its importance, the field of human resources for health (HRH) has lagged in developing methods to measure its status and progress in low- and middle-income countries suffering a workforce crisis. Measures of professional health worker densities and distribution are purely numerical, unreliable, and do not represent the full spectrum of workers providing health services. To provide more information on the multi-dimensional characteristics of human resources for health, in 2013-2014, the global USAID-funded CapacityPlus project, led by IntraHealth International, developed and tested a 79-item HRH Effort Index modeled after the widely used Family Planning Effort Index...
July 19, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721956/direction-of-uneven-health-care-expenditure-evidence-from-northeast-india
#5
Tiken Das, Pradyut Guha
BACKGROUND: Although the need for ensuring universal coverage in health has received the attention of policymakers under the Millennium Development Goals program, the skewed pattern of health-care expenditure has been increased globally. OBJECTIVE: To find out the pattern of public health-care expenditure in northeastern states of India and also to identify the nature of inter-state variation in health-care expenditure among the states. METHODS: The study was based on the secondary data collected from the State Finance Figures of Budgetary Statistics of Reserve Bank of India...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721954/out-of-pocket-health-expenditure-and-sources-of-financing-for-delivery-postpartum-and-neonatal-health-in-urban-slums-of-bhubaneswar-odisha-india
#6
Kirti Sundar Sahu, Bhavna Bharati
BACKGROUND: Out-of-pocket expenditure (OOPE) is an obstacle in the path of getting universal health coverage in India. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the OOPE, sources of funding, and experience of catastrophic expenditure (CE) for healthcare related to delivery, postpartum, and neonatal morbidity. METHODS: A community-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted among a sample of 240 recently delivered women from the slums of Bhubaneswar, Odisha...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720160/the-incidence-of-health-financing-in-south-africa-findings-from-a-recent-data-set
#7
John E Ataguba, Di McIntyre
There is an international call for countries to ensure universal health coverage. This call has been embraced in South Africa (SA) in the form of a National Health Insurance (NHI). This is expected to be financed through general tax revenue with the possibility of additional earmarked taxes including a surcharge on personal income and/or a payroll tax for employers. Currently, health services are financed in SA through allocations from general tax revenue, direct out-of-pocket payments, and contributions to medical scheme...
July 19, 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718230/determinants-of-impoverishment-due-to-out-of-pocket-payments-in-nigeria
#8
Bolaji Samson Aregbeshola, Samina Mohsin Khan
BACKGROUND: Poverty is an extreme consequence of out of pocket payments in countries with health systems that do not provide financial risk protection through mandatory health insurance coverage for people in both the formal and informal sectors. The study assessed the determinants of impoverishment due to out of pocket payments in Nigeria. METHODS: Secondary data from the Harmonized Nigeria Living Standard Survey (HNLSS) of 2009/10 was utilized to assess factors associated with impoverishment in Nigeria...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716120/advancing-team-based-primary-health-care-a-comparative-analysis-of-policies-in-western-canada
#9
Esther Suter, Sara Mallinson, Renee Misfeldt, Omenaa Boakye, Louise Nasmith, Sabrina T Wong
BACKGROUND: We analyzed and compared primary health care (PHC) policies in British Columbia, Alberta and Saskatchewan to understand how they inform the design and implementation of team-based primary health care service delivery. The goal was to develop policy imperatives that can advance team-based PHC in Canada. METHODS: We conducted comparative case studies (n = 3). The policy analysis included: Context review: We reviewed relevant information (2007 to 2014) from databases and websites...
July 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711122/the-establishment-and-management-of-an-observation-unit
#10
REVIEW
Jared Conley, J Stephen Bohan, Christopher W Baugh
The current health care landscape and evidence support the establishment of observation units (OUs) for safe and efficient care for observation patients. Careful attention is required in the design of OU process, location, and layout to enable optimal care and finances. Developing and maintaining protocols to guide patient selection and clinical care are critical. OU management requires a strong, collaborative leadership model, appropriate staffing, and a robust monitoring system for quality, safety, and finances...
August 2017: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710698/health-social-and-economic-outcomes-experienced-by-families-as-a-result-of-receiving-assistance-from-a-community-based-diaper-bank
#11
Kelley E C Massengale, Jennifer Toller Erausquin, Michelle Old
Objectives This paper aims to describe low-income recipients of a community-based diaper bank and the multiple daily challenges they face. Our paper seeks to document the health, social, and financial outcomes recipients experienced after receiving assistance. Methods We surveyed families (n = 150) about their experiences receiving diapers from a diaper bank in the southeastern United States. Additionally, we conducted short, focused interviews with families (n = 15) about outcomes after receiving diapers...
July 14, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707099/maternal-health-care-utilization-among-syrian-refugees-in-lebanon-and-jordan
#12
Hannah Tappis, Emily Lyles, Ann Burton, Shannon Doocy
Purpose The influx of Syrian refugees into Jordan and Lebanon over the last 5 years presents an immense burden to national health systems. This study was undertaken to assess utilization of maternal health services among Syrian refugees in both countries. Description A cross-sectional survey of Syrian refugees living in urban and rural (non-camp) settings was conducted using a two-stage cluster survey design with probability proportional to size sampling in 2014-2015. Eighty-six percent of surveyed households in Lebanon and 88% of surveyed households in Jordan included women with a live birth in the last year...
July 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705160/tracking-development-assistance-and-government-health-expenditures-for-35-malaria-eliminating-countries-1990-2017
#13
Rima Shretta, Brittany Zelman, Maxwell L Birger, Annie Haakenstad, Lavanya Singh, Yingying Liu, Joseph Dieleman
BACKGROUND: Donor financing for malaria has declined since 2010 and this trend is projected to continue for the foreseeable future. These reductions have a significant impact on lower burden countries actively pursuing elimination, which are usually a lesser priority for donors. While domestic spending on malaria has been growing, it varies substantially in speed and magnitude across countries. A clear understanding of spending patterns and trends in donor and domestic financing is needed to uncover critical investment gaps and opportunities...
July 14, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700022/permanent-education-in-healthcare-services-educational-activities-developed-in-the-state-of-minas-gerais-brazil
#14
Roseni Rosângela de Sena, Maria José Cabral Grillo, Lizziane d'Ávila Pereira, Stephanie Marques Moura Franco Belga, Bruna Dias França, Camila Poliana de Freitas
Objective: To analyse educational activities carried out in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, considered permanent education in healthcare. Method: This is a mixed methods study with a qualitative approach and the participation of 492 municipal health departments. Data were collected in March and October 2014 through interviews available online. The data were tabulated using Excel software. The data were subjected to thematic content analysis and statistic descriptive analysis...
July 6, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687283/advanced-and-extended-scope-practice-of-diagnostic-radiographers-in-scotland-exploring-strategic-imaging-service-imperatives
#15
I Henderson, S A Mathers, J McConnell
INTRODUCTION: The development of diagnostic imaging services manifests features specific to the Scottish environment, in particular development of the radiographic workforce through implementing skills mix and role developments to enhance outcomes for patients. A component of a College of Radiographers Industry Partnership Scheme (CoRIPS) supported study, this research investigates perspectives of strategic service managers with Health Board responsibility for service delivery. METHOD: A questionnaire survey was administered to strategic service managers across Scotland (N = 14), followed up with telephone interviews...
August 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684078/falls-prevention-activities-among-community-dwelling-elderly-in-the-netherlands-a-delphi-study
#16
Branko F Olij, Vicki Erasmus, Judith I Kuiper, Frans van Zoest, Ed F van Beeck, Suzanne Polinder
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to provide an overview of the current falls prevention activities in community-dwelling elderly with an increased risk of falling in the Netherlands. Therefore, we determined: a) how health professionals detect community-dwelling elderly with an increased risk of falling; b) which falls prevention activities are used by health professionals and why; c) how elderly can be stimulated to participate in falls prevention programs; and d) how to finance falls prevention...
June 24, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682572/carmelo-giordano-1930-2016-a-giant-in-nephrology
#17
Natale De Santo, Carlo De Pascale, Ernesto Quarto, Malcolm E Phillips, Biagio Di Iorio
Carmelo Giordano (Carmine, Louis, Joseph Giordano) was born in Naples on August 23, 1930 in the house of Rafael and Anna Tirone He received the MD cum laude in 1954. He was Fellow and assistant to Professor Flaviano Magrassi and studied nephrology at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, University of Harvard in Boston, under the guidance of John P. Merrill (1958-1960). He was nominated Professor of Nephrology at the University Federico II, Naples in 1975 and Professor of Medicine at the Second University of Naples (1986-2002)...
April 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681175/optimizing-cooperation-between-general-practitioners-occupational-health-and-rehabilitation-physicians-in-germany-a-qualitative-study
#18
Jan Stratil, Monika A Rieger, Susanne Voelter-Mahlknecht
PURPOSE: To achieve successful medical rehabilitation and timely return to work, general practitioners, occupational health and rehabilitation physicians need to cooperate effectively. This cooperation, however, can be hampered by organizational, interpersonal, and structural barriers. In this article, we present and discuss suggestions proposed by physicians and patients on how these barriers can be overcome. METHODS: We conducted eight qualitative focus group discussions with general practitioners (GPs), occupational health physicians (OPs), rehabilitation physicians (RPs) and rehabilitation patients, which we analyzed with qualitative content analysis methods...
July 5, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679806/analysis-of-end-of-life-care-out-of-pocket-spending-and-place-of-death-in-16-european-countries-and-israel
#19
Martina Orlovic, Joachim Marti, Elias Mossialos
In Europe the aging of the population will pose considerable challenges to providing high-quality end-of-life care. The complexity of providing care and the large spectrum of actors involved make it difficult to understand the care pathways and how these are influenced by financial and institutional factors. We examined a large, multicountry data set with waves of data from the period 2006-13 to determine the differences in health care usage, out-of-pocket spending, and place of death in sixteen European countries and Israel...
July 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679378/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-the-national-implementation-of-integrated-community-case-management-and-community-based-health-planning-and-services-in-ghana-for-the-treatment-of-malaria-diarrhoea-and-pneumonia
#20
Blanca Escribano Ferrer, Kristian Schultz Hansen, Margaret Gyapong, Jane Bruce, Solomon A Narh Bana, Clement T Narh, Naa-Korkor Allotey, Roland Glover, Naa-Charity Azantilow, Constance Bart-Plange, Isabella Sagoe-Moses, Jayne Webster
BACKGROUND: Ghana has developed two main community-based strategies that aim to increase access to quality treatment for malaria, diarrhoea and suspected pneumonia: the integrated community case management (iCCM) and the community-based health planning and services (CHPS). The aim of the study was to assess the cost-effectiveness of these strategies under programme conditions. METHODS: A cost-effectiveness analysis was conducted. Appropriate diagnosis and treatment given was the effectiveness measure used...
July 5, 2017: Malaria Journal
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