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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433325/the-role-of-private-non-profit-healthcare-organizations-in-nhs-systems-implications-for-the-portuguese-hospital-devolution-program
#1
REVIEW
Álvaro S Almeida
The national health services (NHS) of England, Portugal, Finland and other single-payer universalist systems financed by general taxation, are based on the theoretical principle of an integrated public sector payer-provider. However, in practice one can find different forms of participation of non-public healthcare providers in those NHS, including private for profit providers, but also third sector non-profit organizations (NPO). This paper reviews the role of non-public non-profit healthcare organizations in NHS systems...
April 1, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433260/future-and-potential-spending-on-health-2015-40-development-assistance-for-health-and-government-prepaid-private-and-out-of-pocket-health-spending-in-184-countries
#2
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The amount of resources, particularly prepaid resources, available for health can affect access to health care and health outcomes. Although health spending tends to increase with economic development, tremendous variation exists among health financing systems. Estimates of future spending can be beneficial for policy makers and planners, and can identify financing gaps. In this study, we estimate future gross domestic product (GDP), all-sector government spending, and health spending disaggregated by source, and we compare expected future spending to potential future spending...
April 19, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433257/patterns-of-global-health-financing-and-potential-future-spending-on-health
#3
Jose Eduardo Gomez-Gonzalez, Nidia Ruth Reyes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433256/evolution-and-patterns-of-global-health-financing-1995-2014-development-assistance-for-health-and-government-prepaid-private-and-out-of-pocket-health-spending-in-184-countries
#4
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: An adequate amount of prepaid resources for health is important to ensure access to health services and for the pursuit of universal health coverage. Previous studies on global health financing have described the relationship between economic development and health financing. In this study, we further explore global health financing trends and examine how the sources of funds used, types of services purchased, and development assistance for health disbursed change with economic development...
April 19, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432371/impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-occupational-health-outcomes-in-canada
#5
Anson Kc Li, Behdin Nowrouzi-Kia
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that diabetes mellitus (DM) has a negative impact on employment and workplace injury, but there is little data within the Canadian context. OBJECTIVE: To determine if DM has an impact on various occupational health outcomes using the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS). METHODS: CCHS data between 2001 and 2014 were used to assess the relationships between DM and various occupational health outcomes. The final sample size for the 14-year study period was 505 606, which represented 159 432 239 employed Canadians aged 15-75 years during this period...
April 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430830/assessment-of-global-kidney-health-care-status
#6
Aminu K Bello, Adeera Levin, Marcello Tonelli, Ikechi G Okpechi, John Feehally, David Harris, Kailash Jindal, Babatunde L Salako, Ahmed Rateb, Mohamed A Osman, Bilal Qarni, Syed Saad, Meaghan Lunney, Natasha Wiebe, Feng Ye, David W Johnson
Importance: Kidney disease is a substantial worldwide clinical and public health problem, but information about available care is limited. Objective: To collect information on the current state of readiness, capacity, and competence for the delivery of kidney care across countries and regions of the world. Design, Setting, and Participants: Questionnaire survey administered from May to September 2016 by the International Society of Nephrology (ISN) to 130 ISN-affiliated countries with sampling of key stakeholders (national nephrology society leadership, policy makers, and patient organization representatives) identified by the country and regional nephrology leadership through the ISN...
April 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424062/health-system-factors-influencing-management-of-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-four-european-union-countries-learning-from-country-experiences
#7
Gerard de Vries, Svetla Tsolova, Laura F Anderson, Agnes C Gebhard, Einar Heldal, Vahur Hollo, Laura Sánchez-Cambronero Cejudo, Daniela Schmid, Bert Schreuder, Tonka Varleva, Marieke J van der Werf
BACKGROUND: In the European Union and European Economic Area only 38% of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients notified in 2011 completed treatment successfully at 24 months' evaluation. Socio-economic factors and patient factors such as demographic characteristics, behaviour and attitudes are associated with treatment outcomes. Characteristics of healthcare systems also affect health outcomes. This study was conducted to identify and better understand the contribution of health system components to successful treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis...
April 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423111/-what-is-purchased-how-and-from-whom-by-seguro-popular-in-mexico-experience-with-strategic-purchasing-at-national-level-and-in-a-pioneer-institution
#8
Miguel Ángel González-Block
Objective: To analyze the scope of demand subsidies through strategic purchasing of health services. Materials and methods: Interviews and document analyses at national level and a case study of the state of Hidalgo. Results: SPSS explicitly prioritizes interventions to be financed and regulates prices and expenditure ceilings. Public providers are predominantly funded through the purchasing of inputs and the contracting of human resources, in the absence of competition and with a low degree of managerial autonomy...
January 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420335/trajectories-of-life-satisfaction-and-their-predictors-among-korean-older-adults
#9
Hyun Ja Lim, Dae Kee Min, Lilian Thorpe, Chel Hee Lee
BACKGROUND: Among older adults, life satisfaction (LS) correlates with health, mortality, and successful ageing. As various potential threats to LS tend to increase with advancing years, patterns of age-related changes in LS among older adults remain inconsistent. This study aimed to identify LS trajectories in older adults and the characteristics of individuals who experience them. METHODS: Large-scale, nationally representative, longitudinal data collected from 2005 to 2013 were analyzed for this study...
April 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419042/geriatric-fracture-care-future-trajectories-a-2015-aoa-critical-issues-symposium
#10
Julie A Switzer, Kevin J Bozic, Stephen L Kates
The population of the United States and the world is aging rapidly. Musculoskeletal care for older adults will be impacted by the manner in which health care is financed and the ability of the orthopaedic community to provide evidence-based integrated care for this population. We review the financial aspects of health-care reform and the implications for musculoskeletal care in the elderly. We discuss the establishment of quality measures for hip fracture care in the elderly, team building to accomplish this, and an innovative program designed to provide orthopaedic care to the frail elderly outside of the usual office setting...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417434/characterizing-rural-food-access-in-remote-areas
#11
Chris J Bardenhagen, Courtney A Pinard, Rich Pirog, Amy Lazarus Yaroch
Residents of rural areas may have limited access to healthy foods, leading to higher incidence of diet related health issues. Smaller grocers in rural areas experience challenges in maintaining fresh produce and other healthy foods available for customers. This study assessed the rural food environment in northeast Lower Michigan in order to inform healthy food financing projects such as the Michigan Good Food Fund. The area's retail food businesses were categorized using secondary licensing, business, and nutrition program databases...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414579/housing-first-for-adults-with-problematic-substance-use
#12
Rebecca A Cherner, Tim Aubry, John Sylvestre, Rob Boyd, Donna Pettey
OBJECTIVES: This study explores the two-year housing and non-housing outcomes for adults who are homeless with problematic substance use that received scattered-site housing and intensive case management services from a Housing First program in Ottawa, Canada, in comparison with a group of adults who are homeless with problematic substance use that had access to standard care in the community. METHODS: Housing First clients (n = 89) and members of a comparison group (n = 89) completed structured interviews at baseline and were followed for two years...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408363/wittyfit-live-your-work-differently-study-protocol-for-a-workplace-delivered-health-promotion
#13
Frédéric Dutheil, Martine Duclos, Geraldine Naughton, Samuel Dewavrin, Thomas Cornet, Pascal Huguet, Jean-Claude Chatard, Bruno Pereira
BACKGROUND: Morbidity before retirement has a huge cost, burdening both public health and workplace finances. Multiple factors increase morbidity such as stress at work, sedentary behavior or low physical activity, and poor nutrition practices. Nowadays, the digital world offers infinite opportunities to interact with workers. The WittyFit software was designed to understand holistic issues of workers by promoting individualized behavior changes at the workplace. OBJECTIVE: The shorter term feasibility objective is to demonstrate that effective use of WittyFit will increase well-being and improve health-related behaviors...
April 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399824/long-term-impact-of-self-financed-rotavirus-vaccines-on-rotavirus-associated-hospitalizations-and-costs-in-the-valencia-region-spain
#14
Alejandro Orrico-Sanchez, Mónica López-Lacort, Silvia Pérez-Vilar, Javier Díez-Domingo
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus vaccines are available in Spain from 2007. They are recommended by the Spanish Pediatric Association, but not funded by the National Health System (NHS) and its coverage rate reached 40-50%. The hospitalization rate reduction of rotavirus caused gastroenteritis (RVAGE) directly attributable to vaccination remains unclear due to the large differences described in published studies, ranging from 14 to 44.5% in children <5 years of age, even with similar vaccination coverage...
April 11, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392775/which-factors-are-associated-with-monitoring-goal-progress
#15
Betty P I Chang, Thomas L Webb, Yael Benn, Chris B Stride
Three studies examined how people assess their progress on personal goals (e.g., whether they compare their progress to the past and/or to a desired target state), along with factors that might influence the nature of progress monitoring (e.g., whether the goal involves attaining a positive outcome or avoiding a negative outcome). Study 1 involved semi-structured interviews with 40 participants, in which we examined how participants monitored their progress and whether this was related to: (a) their level of self-efficacy, (b) whether the goal was prevention focused, and (c) whether goal progress was represented in quantifiable terms...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392591/achieving-moral-high-quality-affordable-medical-care-in-america-through-a-true-free-market
#16
David McKalip
The basis of a just and moral economic model for health care is examined in the context of Catholic social teaching. The performance of the current model of "central economic planning" in medicine is evaluated in terms of the core principles of the social doctrine of the Catholic Church and compared to freedom-based economic models. It is clear that the best way to respect and serve human dignity, the common good, subsidiarity, and solidarity in medicine is through the establishment of a true, free-market health economy...
November 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388752/-acute-kidney-injury-potentials-to%C3%A2-improve-aki-related-health-care-structure
#17
REVIEW
Christian Nusshag, Konrad Obermann, Markus Weigand, Vedat Schwenger
Since 2005 the AKI numbers nearly increased threefold. The prevailing health care structure for AKI-management in Germany possesses major potential for improvement. Despite a clear advantage regarding mortality and renal recovery, the cost-intensive CRRT is the predominant procedure in AKI-therapy. Conversion of 85 % of the CRRT-procedures to a dialysis procedure (IHD/SLED) enables annual savings in AKI-therapy by 7.3 million Euros. A reinvestment can finance a strengthened collaboration with licensed nephrologists to improve therapy quality and availability of RRT-units in local hospitals...
April 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387654/ending-aids-as-a-public-health-threat-by-2030-scientific-developments-from-the-2016-interest-conference-in-yaound%C3%A3-cameroon
#18
Catherine A Hankins, Sinata Koulla-Shiro, Peter Kilmarx, Guido Ferrari, Mauro Schechter, Coumba Touré Kane, François Venter, Charles Ab Boucher, Anna-Laura Ross, Debrework Zewdie, Serge Paul Eholié, Elly Katabira
The underpinning theme of the 2016 INTEREST Conference held in Yaoundé, Cameroon, 3-6 May 2016 was ending AIDS as a public health threat by 2030. Focused primarily on HIV treatment, pathogenesis and prevention research in resource-limited settings, the conference attracted 369 active delegates from 34 countries, of which 22 were in Africa. Presentations on treatment optimization, acquired drug resistance, care of children and adolescents, laboratory monitoring and diagnostics, implementation challenges, HIV prevention, key populations, vaccine and cure, hepatitis C, mHealth, financing the HIV response and emerging pathogens, were accompanied by oral, mini-oral and poster presentations...
April 7, 2017: Antiviral Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385448/neoliberal-reforms-in-health-systems-and-the-construction-of-long-lasting-inequalities-in-health-care-a-case-study-from-chile
#19
Elena S Rotarou, Dikaios Sakellariou
The aim of this article is to discuss how neoliberal policies implemented in the Chilean health system during the Pinochet regime have a lingering effect on equal access to health care today. The two-tier health system - public and private - that was introduced in the early 1980s as a means to improve efficiency and lower health-related costs, has led instead to inequality of access and dehumanisation of health care. Health has changed from being a right to being a marketable need, thus creating a structural disadvantage for several parts of the population - particularly the poor, the elderly, and women - who cannot afford the better-quality services and timely attention of private health providers, and thus, are not adequately protected against health risks...
March 16, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383099/work-profile-and-associated-health-hazards-among-nursing-students-at-mansoura-university-egypt
#20
Hala S Abou-Elwafa, Eman O Khashaba, Abdel-Hady El-Gilany, Samar Abd El-Raouf
Nursing students are increasingly undertaking paid term-time employment to finance their living expenses and studies. The objectives of this study are to estimate its prevalence, factors associated, and possible health hazards. A cross-sectional study was conducted of nursing students using a questionnaire that included sociodemographic and employment data, reasons for working, possible health hazards in the workplace, and perceived effects on academic performance. The prevalence of student paid employment was found to be 23...
March 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
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