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Stuart J McCarter, David B Burkholder, James P Klaas, Christopher J Boes
Charles Edward Beevor (1854-1908) was a prominent English neurologist who served in a variety of positions at the National Hospital for the Paralysed and Epileptic, Queen Square, from 1883 until his sudden death due to coronary artery disease in 1908. Staunchly committed to the meticulous study of neuroanatomy and physiology and education of his fellow physicians, Beevor was an accomplished clinician-scientist. He is most well known for describing the Beevor sign (commonly known as "Beevor's sign"), which is the upward movement of the umbilicus with truncal flexion from a supine position, used to indicate a spinal cord lesion between the levels of T10 and T12...
March 13, 2018: Neurology
Shuji Ota, Terunobu Haruyama, Masashi Ishihara, Maika Natsume, Yoko Fukasawa, Takahiko Sakamoto, Shigeru Tanzawa, Ryo Usui, Takeshi Honda, Yasuko Ichikawa, Kiyotaka Watanabe, Yuko Sasajima, Nobuhiko Seki
The patient was a 66-year-old woman. An induration of approximately 15 mm in size that accompanied redness was palpable in the umbilical fossa. She did not respond to 1-month antibiotic treatment provided by the previous physician. For this reason, a biopsy of the site was performed with the possibility of neoplastic disease in mind, resulting in the detection of adenocarcinoma. Subsequent detailed whole-body examination revealed advanced gastric cancer and peritoneal dissemination, and the induration in the umbilical fossa was diagnosed as a direct infiltration from the peritoneal dissemination...
January 2018: Case Reports in Oncology
A d'Alessandro, N Kari, A Alameh, N Pasquier, A Tarhini, B Vinson Bonnet, R Noun, E Chouillard
BACKGROUND: The umbilicus, an embryological natural orifice, is increasingly used as the only access route during single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) for colorectal disease. As a part of some of these procedures, a temporary, diverting ostomy could be exteriorized through the umbilicus itself. Theoretical advantages include better preservation of the abdominal wall and potentially superior cosmetic results. The aim of the present study was to evaluate our preliminary experience in SILS colorectal resection with umbilical stoma (u-stoma)...
March 6, 2018: Techniques in Coloproctology
Fereydoun Don Parsa, Justin Cheng, Michael S Hu, Leslie Kim, Nikki Castel, Alan A Parsa
The umbilicus is an important aesthetic landmark of the abdomen. It possesses a dual blood supply that allows it to survive either on its stalk if the skin surrounding the umbilicus is incised, or through the surrounding subdermal circulation if the stalk is transected. This is an important concept to consider in order to avoid umbilical ischemia and necrosis during abdominoplasty, especially if there is any past surgical history suggesting alteration to its blood supply. This case study depicts this importance and the importance of the use of delay in order to improve perfusion to the umbilicus prior to secondary abdominoplasty...
January 11, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Yuko Shiima, Ting-Chang Hsieh, Andrew Long, Aaron Donoghue
OBJECTIVES: To examine technical aspects of pediatric tracheal intubation using video recording and to determine the association between tracheal intubation technique and procedural outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Emergency department resuscitation bay in single tertiary pediatric center. PATIENTS: Children undergoing emergent tracheal intubation under videorecorded conditions. INTERVENTIONS: None...
March 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
P D Polm, S Beyerlein, A J Klijn, T P V M de Jong, P Dik
INTRODUCTION: A tubularized conduit from an open 2-cm vascularized ileal segment is a frequently used technique to create a continent catheterizable channel in cases of an inappropriate or absent appendix. In the long term, many patients experience catheterization problems with the classic ileal segment tube, and even more with spiral or double-segment tubes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper was to introduce an ileocystoplasty modification combined with a long ileal segment tube that has better support by surrounding tissue than other lengthy ileal segment tubes...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Patrícia Mota, Augusto Gil Pascoal, Ana Isabel Carita, Kari Bø
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal descriptive exploratory study. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the normal width of the linea alba in first-time pregnant women during pregnancy and postpartum. BACKGROUND: There are normative values on the width of the linea alba for nulliparous women, but limited knowledge about the normal width of the inter-rectus distance (IRD) in pregnant and postpartum women. METHODS: Ultrasound images were recorded in 84 primiparous women, at 3 locations on the linea alba (2 cm below the umbilicus, and 2 and 5 cm above the umbilicus) and at 4 time points (gestational weeks 35-41 and 6th to 8th, 12th to 14th, and 24th to 26th weeks postpartum)...
February 20, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Małgorzata Pro Ków, Elżbieta Kuźnik-Kowalska, Paweł Mackiewicz
Morphological variation of snails from the genus Trochulus is so huge that their taxonomy is unclear. The greatest variability concerns forms hispidus and sericeus / plebeius , which are often considered as separate species. To evidence the species barriers, we carried out crossbreeding experiments between these two sympatric morphs. Moreover, we compared the shell morphology of laboratory-bred offspring with their wild parents to test if the variation can be explained by the phenotypic plasticity model. We found that the two Trochulus morphs show no reproductive barriers...
August 2017: Current Zoology
Miguel Costa-Silva, Barbara Ferreira, Ana Brinca, Ricardo Vieira
An 81-year-old woman was admitted with a nodular cutaneous melanoma of the abdominal wall involving the umbilicus. After performing wide excision with 2 cm margin of the melanoma, umbilical reconstruction and defect closure were planned. After careful consideration, we decided to use an island pedicle flap which allowed closure of the defect and reconstruction of the umbilicus.
October 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
Leah H Hellerstein, Stuart Marshall Sacks, Daniel K Hellerstein
A 59-year-old man with a medical history of hypertension, gout and obesity presented to the hospital with a chief complaint of worsening scrotal oedema. The patient endorsed associated symptoms of decreased force of stream on urination, stranguria and hesitancy with slight dysuria. Physical exam showed an effaced umbilicus and phallus with a hidden scrotum estimated to be 30×20×30 cm in size. Imaging and lab findings led to a diagnosis of total bladder herniation within an incarcerated right inguinal hernia...
February 27, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
C M ASher, A Tam, B Jivraj, E Katsarma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Lei Yan, Shenon Sethi, Pincas Bitterman, Vijaya Reddy, Paolo Gattuso
BACKGROUND: Umbilical lesions are rare, and can be benign or malignant. This retrospective study was conducted to assess the epidemiological, clinical, and histologic characteristics of umbilical masses. METHODS: Cases of umbilical masses from January 1994 to August 2016 were retrieved from our institution's pathology databases, and their clinicopathological features were reviewed. RESULTS: There were a total of 99 cases of umbilical masses, 78 women (78...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
Alberto Goldman, Uwe Wollina, Katlein França, Georgi Tchernev, Torello Lotti
Abdominoplasty is listed among five most common esthetic surgical procedures in the Western World. Despite all efforts, abdominoplasty bears a high risk of complications. We observed a 39-year-old-woman with previous classical abdominoplasty performed elsewhere three years ago. Clinical examination demonstrated a swollen and tense abdominal mass. Laboratory findings were normal. Clinical examination was completed by abdominal ultrasonography which demonstrated both, a significant fluid volume in this area and a dense fibrous "capsule"...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Liron S McCauley, Ryan M Sumrell, Ashraf S Gorgey
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in increased accumulation of visceral adipose tissue (VAT). Anthropometrics may provide an alternative to estimate VAT cross section area (CSA) compared to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). OBJECTIVE: to validate the use of anthropometrics, including abdominal circumference and skinfold thickness (SFT ) measurements against MRI to predict SAT and VAT cross-sectional areas in persons with SCI DESIGN: Cross-sectional SETTING: Clinical research center PARTICIPANT: Twenty-two men with motor complete SCI METHODS: Anthropometric measurements and MRI were taken during a single visit...
February 20, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Mohammad Hossein Soltani, Sepehr Hamedanchi, Behnam Shakiba, Hassan Hoshyar
A 40-year-old man was referred to our urology clinic due to vague abdominal pain and hematuria. Computed tomography (CT) without contrast material visualized an ectopic kidney in the left iliac fossa with a complete staghorn stone. Under general anesthesia, operation was done in supine position with a gentle lateral elevation on the right side. The surgeon stands on the right side of the patient. First, a 12 mm port was inserted at the umbilicus using the Hasson technique. After creation of pneumoperitoneum, operation was done by three 5 mm trocars were arranges as paraumbilical, the point between umbilicus and inguinal canal at left and right side...
February 18, 2018: Urology Journal
Radhika V Seimon, Anthony L Wild-Taylor, Alice A Gibson, Claudia Harper, Sally McClintock, Hamish A Fernando, Michelle S H Hsu, Felipe Q da Luz, Shelley E Keating, Nathan A Johnson, Stuart M Grieve, Tania P Markovic, Ian D Caterson, Nuala M Byrne, Amanda Sainsbury
With obesity being a leading cause of preventable death, it is vital to understand how best to identify individuals with greater risk of metabolic disease, especially those with high visceral adipose tissue (VAT). This study aimed to determine whether three commonly used waist circumference (WC) measurement sites could provide accurate estimations of VAT, as determined by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which is a gold standard for measuring VAT, in postmenopausal women with obesity. VAT volume was measured by MRI of the total abdomen in 97 women aged 57...
February 20, 2018: Nutrients
Shih-Shien Weng, Yi-Chun Chou, Fang-Ju Sun
OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical outcomes of single port access laparoscopic subtotal hysterectomy (LSH) using in-bag manual morcellation and evaluate the feasibility of this procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with symptomatic leiomyoma or adenomyosis were enrolled. A 2-cm transverse incision was made at the umbilicus and single port apparatus (LagiPort) was applied. After dissection of vesicouterine peritoneum from the uterus, the uterine ligaments and vessels were secured and transected by Gyrus PK cutting forceps...
February 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Masateru Yamamoto, Yuji Takakura, Satoshi Ikeda, Toshiyuki Itamoto, Takashi Urushihara, Hiroyuki Egi
INTRODUCTION: Although laparoscopic surgery uses relatively small incisions, incisional hernia after surgery is not uncommon. However, the incidence of incisional hernia and its risk factors are not well known. The purpose of our study was to investigate risk factors for incisional hernia after laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery. METHODS: The study group consisted of 212 patients who underwent laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery at Hiroshima Prefectural Hospital between November 2008 and October 2013...
February 19, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
Emma J Cordes, Melanie LaPlant, Daniel A Saltzman, Robert D Acton, Bradley J Segura, Donavon J Hess
BACKGROUND: Umbilical hernia is a common congenital anomaly, and can result in the appearance of a protuberant umbilicus. In select cases, inversion of the umbilical skin can be impaired by the presence of thickened dermis or fascial remnants of the umbilical stalk. DESCRIPTION OF OPERATIVE TECHNIQUE: After umbilical herniorrhaphy, the skin is everted over the left index finger and radial partial thickness incisions in the fascia and dermis of the undersurface of the umbilicus...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Sohgo Tsutsumi, Takashi Kawahara, Jun-Ichi Teranishi, Masahiro Yao, Hiroji Uemura
The aging population is becoming a primary global problem. The most important alteration that occurs in the body with age, is the loss of skeletal muscle. Previously, sarcopenia, which is associated with the loss of skeletal muscle, has been reported to be associated with the prognosis of cancer and complications. The present study investigated the importance of sarcopenia with regard to the prognosis or postoperative complications of upper urothelial cancer patients who underwent nephro-ureterectomy. A total of sixty patients (male, n=44; female, n=16) underwent nephro-ureterectomy for upper urothelial carcinoma...
February 2018: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
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