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Umbilicus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148196/umbilicus-and-its-extensive-clinical-repertoire
#1
Spencer W Beasley
The umbilicus is involved in a wide range of abnormalities in infants and children. The most severe are evident at birth and include exomphalos (omphalocele) and gastroschisis, both of which can be life-threatening but are easy to diagnose. Exomphalos is often associated with other congenital abnormalities, whereas the associated problems in gastroschisis are largely confined to the gut. Infection of the umbilicus in the neonate presents as omphalitis. The causes of a moist umbilicus following separation of the umbilical stump are multiple, from the relatively minor umbilical granuloma or ectopic bowel mucosa to the more significant patent urachus that leaks urine...
November 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133151/laparoscopic-management-of-a-rudimentary-uterine-horn
#2
Emilie Faller, Jean Jacques Baldauf, François Becmeur, Anne Lehn, Cherif Youssef Akladios, Lise Lecointre
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a technique of laparoscopic management of a rudimentary horn in a 12-year-old girl. DESIGN: A step-by-step explanation of the surgery using video (instructive video), approved the local institutional Review Board. SETTING: A university hospital, University Hospital of Strasbourg, France. PATIENT: A 12-year-old girl with a uterine rudimentary horn. INTERVENTION: We describe the case of a 12 years old girl who had no medical history...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126239/morphometric-analysis-of-the-umbilicus-according-to-age
#3
Nicolas Correia, Laura Jayyosi, Sergiu Chiriac, Yohann Renard, Emilie Raimond, Marie Laurence Poli-Merol, Benoit Chaput, Caroline François
Background: Morphometric and anatomical analyses of the shape and position of the umbilicus have been conducted in adults, but umbilicoplasty in children remains challenging because growth is still occurring. Objectives: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the difference in the position and shape of the umbilicus between childhood and adulthood. The secondary objective was to improve the surgical management of umbilicoplasty in children. Methods: This prospective single-center study focused on the morphometric analysis of the umbilicus in 200 adults and children...
November 8, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108870/is-two-port-laparoendoscopic-single-site-surgery-t-less-feasible-for-pediatric-hydroceles-single-center-experience-with-the-initial-59-cases
#4
Furan Wang, Tiejun Shou, Hongji Zhong
INTRODUCTION: Although T-LESS is increasingly being used to treat pediatric inguinal hernia, there is no study regarding T-LESS for pediatric hydrocele. OBJECTIVE: To further evaluate the feasibility of T-LESS and present our single-center experience for repair of pediatric hydroceles. STUDY DESIGN: From January 2016 to July 2016, all boys undergoing T-LESS for hydrocele in our institute were retrospectively reviewed. A laparoscope and a needle-holding forceps were introduced at umbilicus...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104685/the-use-of-computed-tomography-in-the-diagnosis-of-fatty-liver-and-abdominal-fat-distribution-among-a-saudi-population
#5
Gasim Ibrahim Gasim, Fahd Mohamed Elshehri, Mahmoud Kheidr, Fahad Khalid Alshubaily, ElZaki Mohamed ElZaki, Imad R Musa
BACKGROUND: The pandemic of obesity is striking heavily worldwide and particularly among the affluent Gulf States where it is expected to continue to rise along with its complications. AIM: To examine the link between liver fat infiltration and abdominal fat amount using plain computer-assisted tomography (CT). METHODS: Fifty patients visiting the obesity clinic of "King Fahd Specialist Hospital" or Dr Suliman Alhabeeb Hospital between January 2015 and April 2016 were included...
October 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097008/-study-of-satisfaction-concerning-the-navel-after-abdominal-dermolipectomy-with-transposition-a-report-of-96-cases
#6
R Merle, K Serror, O Marco, M Chaouat, S Teissier, M Mimoun, D Boccara
GOAL OF THE STUDY: The umbilicus has a major role in the aesthetics of the anterior abdominal wall. Many publications deal with abdominal dermolipectomies but few focus on umbilicoplasty. However, these are essential in assessing the aesthetic result. Umbilicoplasty in "aile de mouette" used in our service is reliable and easily reproducible. In this article, we evaluate the satisfaction of patients with abdominal dermolipectomy with this technique of transposition. MATERIALS AND METHOD: In the plastic surgery department of the Saint-Louis Hospital in Paris, we carried out a retrospective study of patients undergoing abdominal dermolipectomy with transposition of the umbilicus, between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2012...
October 30, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090424/spontaneous-external-biliary-fistula-arising-from-an-intrahepatic-duct
#7
Naoto Mizumura, Satoshi Okumura, Hiroshi Tsuchihashi, Masao Ogawa, Masayasu Kawasaki
A spontaneous external biliary fistula is most commonly a cholecystocutaneous fistula secondary to acute cholecystitis. A fistula arising from an intrahepatic duct is extremely rare. An 87-year-old man presented with swelling of the epigastric region and right upper quadrant abdomen. He had a history of cholecystectomy and endoscopic sphincterotomy. After antibiotic treatment and surgical opening of both lesions, abdominal computed tomography demonstrated a soft tissue mass cephalad to the umbilicus. We excised the mass, and found it to be associated with a fistula through the linea alba...
October 31, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078157/a-case-of-retroperitoneal-abscess-a-rare-complication-of-meckel-s-diverticulum
#8
Jeana Hong, Sung Bae Park
INTRODUCTION: The frequent complications of Meckel's diverticulum are hemorrhage, intestinal obstruction, and inflammation, and perforation. The presentation as a retroperitoneal abscess as complications of Meckel's diverticulum is a very rare clinical entity. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a rare case of perforated Meckel's diverticulum with retroperitoneal abscess. A 31-year-old presented with a half-hour history of severe epigastric pain and diffuse periumbilical pain...
October 14, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068903/redefining-the-rectus-sheath-implications-for-abdominal-wall-repair
#9
Imran R A Punekar, Joseph S Khouri, Michael Catanzaro, Aizaz L Shaikh, Howard N Langstein
BACKGROUND: The abdominal wall is frequently manipulated in a variety of reconstructive procedures, and its anatomy is well described. Our clinical observations, however, contradict the standard depiction of the components of the abdominal wall at various levels - particularly regarding the course of the transversus abdominis muscle (TA). Therefore, we sought to characterize the components of the rectus sheath at various anatomic levels corresponding to surgical landmarks in order to define key points relevant to abdominal wall repair...
October 13, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067600/reduced-port-laparoscopic-distal-gastrectomy-with-d2-lymphadenectomy
#10
Tian Lin, Ting-Yu Mou, Yan-Feng Hu, Hao Liu, Tuan-Jie Li, Yi-Ming Lu, Jiang Yu, Guo-Xin Li
BACKGROUND: Reduced port laparoscopic surgery (RPLS), as a more minimally invasive treatment alternative to conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS), has been increasing in recent years. (1) With the accumulation of surgical experience and improvements in surgical techniques, the indication of RPLS has been gradually extended from benign diseases to malignant tumors, including gastric cancer. (2-4) However, due to the lack of counteraction and triangulation, lymphadenectomy during reduced port laparoscopic gastrectomy (RPLG) for gastric cancer was considered challenging...
October 24, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049216/fondaparinux-is-effective-for-acute-portal-vein-thrombosis-in-decompensated-cirrhotic-patients
#11
REVIEW
Zhi-Hao Zhang, Jing-Wen Zhang, Ping He, Yan Zhou, Chang-Yu Sun
Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a rare but serious complication in the decompensated stage of cirrhosis, and recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding and refractory ascites can occur in such patients. In decompensated cirrhotic patients, the application of conventional anticoagulant therapy is limited due to severe coagulation disorders, thrombocytopenia, and history of gastrointestinal bleeding.In this study, we sought to investigate the effect of fondaparinux on acute PVT in decompensated cirrhotic patients...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045557/the-suprapubic-dermoadipose-flap-for-aesthetic-reshaping-of-the-postpregnancy-abdomen
#12
Horacio F Mayer, Hugo D Loustau
Background: Postpregnancy full-length diastasis of the recti abdominis muscles is a common condition occasionally associated with atrophy of the subcutaneous fat located at the midline above and below the umbilicus. Objectives: The authors report a preliminary clinical experience with the suprapubic flap to prevent the late postoperative contour deformities of the postpregnancy abdomen. Methods: Between January 2005 and January 2015, all female patients undergoing abdominoplasty with the suprapubic flap were included in the present study...
October 14, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030926/sternal-malformations-and-anesthetic-management
#13
REVIEW
John H Nichols, Viviane G Nasr
Shamberger and Welch classify sternal malformations into four types: thoracic ectopia cordis, cervical ectopia cordis, thoraco-abdominal ectopia cordis, and cleft sternum. Cleft sternum is the most common subset, with a reported incidence of 1 in 50,000 to 100,000 live births, representing 0.15% of all anterior chest wall malformations. Acostello et al further classify cleft sternum into complete or partial (superior, medium, inferior) with a simple superior partial cleft sternum being by far the most common with an orthotopic heart, intact pericardium, and normal skin coverage...
November 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026736/giant-duplication-cyst-presenting-as-a-discharging-umbilicus
#14
Ravi Kumar Garg, Monika Bawa, Katragadda Lakshmi Narasimha Rao
Alimentary tract duplication cysts are rare congenital anomalies, most commonly located in the ileum, but may present anywhere from mouth to anus.Clinically, they may be asymptomatic, incidentally diagnosed or may present with obstruction, volvulus, intussusception or gastrointestinal bleed. Here we report a case of a one year old male child presenting in gasping state and shock. Despite the initial strong suspicion of Meckel's diverticulum and tubercular abdomen, the final diagnosis remained elusive till exploratory laparotomy was performed which revealed a duplication cyst of ileum with perforation into the umbilicus...
September 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992841/-umbilical-endometriosis-and-tumours-in-umbilicus
#15
Jacob Juel, Sine Holst-Albrechtsen, Daiva Erantaite
Umbilical endometriosis is rare, representing only 0.5-1% of all cases of extragenital endometriosis. In infertile women, endometriosis may be as prevalent as 50%. Numerous differential diagnoses are present, hence the clinical diagnosis of umbilical tumours is intricate. In a 33-year-old woman, an umbilical tumour presented 12 months prior to referral. On referral, no cyclic bleeding was noticed, although intermittent bleeding and soreness of the element were present. Dysmenorrhoea, dyspareunia, intermittent pelvic pain, and three years of infertility were noted...
October 9, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991119/higher-operating-table-for-optimal-needle-entry-angle-and-less-discomfort-during-spinal-anesthesia
#16
Hye-Min Sohn, Hyerim Kim, Jung-Pyo Hong, Kyoung Min Lee, Jinhee Kim
The aim of this study was to find the optimal table height to facilitate insertion of the spinal needle at a 90° angle and to reduce the anesthesiologist's discomfort. Sixty patients were randomly allocated according to landmarks on the anesthesiologist's body: umbilicus (group U), lowest rib margin (R), xiphoid process (X), and nipple (N). The coronal insertion angle between the patient's skin and the spinal needle was obtuse in groups U and R, and 90° in group X. We demonstrated that high operating tables at the xiphoid and nipple level facilitate more optimal needle entry angles while reducing the discomfort and joint flexion of anesthesiologists during spinal anesthesia...
October 4, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982620/surgical-technique-for-robot-assisted-sacrocolpopexy-performed-via-a-single-port
#17
Lior Lowenstein, Emad Matanes, Yechiel Z Burke
OBJECTIVE: Sacrocolpopexy is considered the gold standard for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse (POP). This procedure was the first technique used to treat POP with robotic assistance and has gone a long way since the open procedure was introduced. Originally, 5 trocars were inserted and there remained issues in terms of scarring, morcellation, and possibly an increased risk of infection. The objective of this video was to demonstrate a surgical technique and a few tips and tricks for a robot-assisted sacrocolpopexy performed via a single port in the umbilicus...
May 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975395/the-relationship-between-the-umbilicus-and-the-aortic-bifurcation-in-turkish-women-implications-for-laparoscopic-entry
#18
Baris Mulayim, Cemil Gurses, Burak Karadag, Yıldız Kılar Sozel
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine the location and vertical distance of the umbilicus relative to the aortic bifurcation using computed tomography (CT), and assess their relationship with BMI among Turkish women and their implications for laparoscopic entry. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included a total of 209 women undergoing abdominopelvic CT; the vertical distance between the aortic bifurcation and the umbilicus was evaluated on coronal sections. The distance between the skin and the parietal peritoneum was measured from the umbilical pit to the peritoneum, and the distance between the skin and the aorta was measured from the umbilical pit to the surface of the aortic bifurcation...
October 3, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966521/primary-cutaneous-endometriosis-of-umbilicus
#19
Seung-Hee Loh, Bark-Lynn Lew, Woo-Young Sim
Cutaneous endometriosis is defined by the presence of endometrial glands and/or stroma in skin and represents less than 1% of all ectopic endometrium. Cutaneous endometriosis is classified as primary and secondary. Primary cutaneous endometriosis appears without a prior surgical history and secondary cutaneous endometriosis mostly occurs at surgical scar tissue after abdominal operations. The most widely accepted pathogenesis of secondary endometriosis is the iatrogenic implantation of endometrial cells after surgery, such as laparoscopic procedures...
October 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963635/bikini-line-sleeve-gastrectomy-initial-report
#20
Tamer N Abdelbaki
BACKGROUND/INTRODUCTION: Several reports have discussed the potential for reducing port access in laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG); however, each approach had its innate setbacks. Aiming at improving the aesthetic outcome, we report a novel approach to the LSG where we place the trocars at the bikini line in what we described as bikini line sleeve gastrectomy (BLSG). METHODS: The present work is a prospective, pilot study on the use of BLSG in patients, during the period between April and October 2016...
September 29, 2017: Obesity Surgery
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