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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925139/association-of-grip-strength-upper-arm-circumference-and-waist-circumference-with-dementia-in-older-adults-of-the-wise-study-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#1
H L Ong, S H S Chang, E Abdin, J A Vaingankar, A Jeyagurunathan, S Shafie, H Magadi, S A Chong, M Subramaniam
OBJECTIVE: We examined the associations of handgrip strength, upper arm circumference, and waist circumference with dementia among Singapore older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional epidemiological study. SETTING: Residential homes, day care centres, nursing homes and institutions. PARTICIPANTS: 2,565 men and women aged 60 years and above who participated in the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly (WiSE) study in 2013. MEASUREMENTS: Socio-demographic correlates, dietary habits, health behaviours, grip strength, upper arm circumference, and waist circumference were collected...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909371/inter-rectus-distance-measurement-using-ultrasound-imaging-does-the-rater-matter
#2
Nadia Keshwani, Nicole Hills, Linda McLean
Purpose: To investigate the interrater reliability of inter-rectus distance (IRD) measured from ultrasound images acquired at rest and during a head-lift task in parous women and to establish the standard error of measurement (SEM) and minimal detectable change (MDC) between two raters. Methods: Two physiotherapists independently acquired ultrasound images of the anterior abdominal wall from 17 parous women and measured IRD at four locations along the linea alba: at the superior border of the umbilicus, at 3 cm and 5 cm above the superior border of the umbilicus, and at 3 cm below the inferior border of the umbilicus...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909270/safe-introduction-of-ancillary-trocars-in-gynecological-surgery-the-yellow-island-anatomical-landmark
#3
Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Nicola Gasbarro, Antonio Simone Lagana, Fabrizio Sapia, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Gaetano Valenti, Maria Antonietta Trovato, Diego Rossetti, Benito Chiofalo, Giuseppina Barrasso, Andrea Tinelli, Francesco Corrado
AIM: This technical note aims to suggest a safe introduction of ancillary trocars in gynaecological surgery, in order to prevent inferior epigastric artery damage. MATERIAL OF STUDY: We performed a narrative overview, synthesizing the findings of literature retrieved from searches of computerized databases. RESULTS: Among the different techniques, the identification of the "yellow island" as anatomical landmark seems to be a useful aid to avoid complication...
November 18, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900084/sister-mary-joseph-nodule-caused-by-metastatic-desmoplastic-small-round-cell-tumor-a-clinicopathological-report
#4
Noppadol Larbcharoensub, Atcharaporn Pongtippan, Duangjai Pangpunyakulchai, Sith Phongkitkarun, Panuwat Lertsithichai, Thitiya S Dejthevaporn
Sister Mary Joseph nodule is an uncommon metastatic intra-abdominal malignancy involving the umbilicus. The present study describes a rare case of desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT), histological grade 3, high grade, Gilly classification 4, stage IV, in an 18-year-old Thai man presenting with the Sister Mary Joseph nodule, ascites and pleural effusion. The histopathological examination of the umbilical mass revealed the presence of malignant small round cells associated with prominent stromal desmoplasia...
November 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898348/spontaneous-endometriosis-associated-with-an-umbilical-hernia-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Hishaam Ismael, Yury Ragoza, Angela Harden, Steven Cox
INTRODUCTION: Umbilical endometriosis occurring in the presence of an underlying hernia is extremely rare and presents a diagnostic challenge for the general surgeon. We present an interesting case and perform a comprehensive review of the literature. METHODS: Medline and PubMed were queried for all cases of spontaneous umbilical endometriosis associated with an umbilical hernia. Data was analyzed and is presented along with an interesting case. RESULTS: Only 7 cases have been reported in the literature...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896161/distinct-presentations-of-hernia-of-umbilical-cord
#6
REVIEW
Bilal Mirza, Waqas Ali
Hernia of umbilical cord is a well-known entity which presents with herniation of small bowel into the proximal part of umbilical cord. It has very good prognosis after surgical repair. Occasionally, it can have distinct presentations and varied malformations at the umbilicus which have bearing on the course of treatment and final outcome. Herein, we describe various presentations and malformations associated with hernia of umbilical cord. Embryological extrapolation is attempted for the malformations at umbilicus...
October 2016: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895944/effects-of-cryolipolysis-on-abdominal-adiposity
#7
Patricia Froes Meyer, Rodrigo Marcel Valentim da Silva, Glenda Oliveira, Maely Azevedo da Silva Tavares, Melyssa Lima Medeiros, Camila Procopio Andrada, Luis Gonzaga de Araujo Neto
Cryolipolysis is a noninvasive technique of localized fat reduction. Controlled cold exposure is performed in the selective destruction of fat cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of cryolipolysis on adipocytes elimination through histological and sonographic analyses. This study reports the case of a 46-year-old female patient, with complaint of localized abdominal fat and in the preoperative period of abdominoplasty. The patient was submitted to a single 60-minute application of cryolipolysis, temperature of -5°C, on the hypogastrium area, 5 cm below the umbilicus...
2016: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894318/surgical-treatment-of-recurrent-urachal-carcinoma-with-liver-metastasis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Lukasz Paschke, Miroslaw Juszczak, Maciej Slupski
BACKGROUND: Urachal carcinoma is a rare malignancy with poor prognosis due to late presentation of the disease and its aggressiveness. Surgery remains the mainstay of therapy even in cases of disease recurrence. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of salvage surgery in the case of urachal carcinoma with liver metastasis. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a young woman who suffered from locally advanced urachal carcinoma treated with en-bloc cystectomy, hysterectomy with bilateral adnexectomy, partial resection of the sigmoid colon, and partial resection of the rectus abdominis muscle with the fascia, skin, and umbilicus...
November 28, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889486/abdominoplasty-with-scarpa-fascia-preservation-comparative-study-in-a-bariatric-population
#9
Inês Correia-Gonçalves, Rita Valença-Filipe, Jorge Carvalho, Marco Rebelo, Helena Peres, José Amarante, António Costa-Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Abdominoplasty techniques using a more superficial plane of dissection with Scarpa fascia preservation have been shown to improve recovery and reduce complications in nonbariatric patients. Patients who have experienced massive weight loss frequently need body contour procedures and represent a high-risk group. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of this technique in patients with massive weight loss after bariatric surgery. SETTING: University hospital, Portugal...
September 28, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874881/crusted-plaque-in-the-umbilicus
#10
Mona Malakouti, Bonnie Koo, Marit Kreidel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871094/biomechanical-responses-of-pmhs-subjected-to-abdominal-seatbelt-loading
#11
Rakshit Ramachandra, Yun-Seok Kang, John H Bolte, Alena Hagedorn, Rodney Herriott, Jason A Stammen, Kevin Moorhouse
Past studies have found that a pressure based injury risk function was the best predictor of liver injuries due to blunt impacts. In an effort to expand upon these findings, this study investigated the biomechanical responses of the abdomen of post mortem human surrogates (PMHS) to high-speed seatbelt loading and developed external response targets in conjunction with proposing an abdominal injury criterion. A total of seven unembalmed PMHS, with an average mass and stature of 71 kg and 174 cm respectively were subjected to belt loading using a seatbelt pull mechanism, with the PMHS seated upright in a freeback configuration...
November 2016: Stapp Car Crash Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867852/laparoscopic-management-of-urachal-cysts
#12
Salvatore Fabio Chiarenza, Cosimo Bleve
BACKGROUND: The urachus and the urachal remnants represent a failure in the obliteration of the allantois at birth that connects the bladder to the umbilicus. After birth it obliterates and presents as the midline umbilical ligament. Urachal cyst are the most common urachal anomaly in the pediatric population. The traditional surgical approach is a semicircular infraumbilical incision or a lower midline laparotomy. METHODS: In a 10 years period at Pediatric Surgery Department of Vicenza 16 children were diagnosed with urachal anomalies presenting as abdominal or urinary symptoms...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865488/the-influence-of-3-different-navel-dips-on-calf-health-growth-performance-and-umbilical-infection-assessed-by-clinical-and-ultrasonographic-examination
#13
M Wieland, S Mann, C L Guard, D V Nydam
The objectives were to investigate the effect of 3 navel dips on (1) umbilical infection, (2) health events (pneumonia, diarrhea, and arthritis), and (3) average daily gain (ADG) in newborn dairy calves. A secondary aim was to compare the agreement of standardized ultrasonographic examination with clinical examination for the diagnosis of umbilical infection. In a randomized block design, newborn calves were assigned by birth order to 3 treatment groups: Navel Guard (NG; SCG-Solutions Inc., McDonough, GA), 7% iodine tincture (SI), and 2% chlorhexidine gluconate (CH)...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859469/fraser-syndrome-features-suggestive-of-prenatal-diagnosis-in-a-review-of-38-cases
#14
Aude Tessier, Mélie Sarreau, Fanny Pelluard, Gwenaelle André, Sophie Blesson, Martine Bucourt, Pierre Dechelotte, Laurence Faivre, Thierry Frébourg, Alice Goldenberg, Valérie Goua, Corinne Jeanne-Pasquier, Fabien Guimiot, Annie Laquerriere, Nicole Laurent, Mathilde Lefebvre, Philippe Loget, Martine Maréchaud, Charlotte Mechler, Marie-Josée Perez, Jean Christophe Sabourin, Alain Verloes, Sophie Patrier, Anne-Marie Guerrot
OBJECTIVE: Fraser syndrome (FS) is a rare malformation recessive disorder. Major criteria are cryptophtalmos, syndactyly, respiratory, genital and urinary tract anomalies. Few antenatal presentations have been reported. METHOD: We analyzed the prenatal and postnatal fetal phenotype in 38 cases of FS, including 25 pregnancy termination cases, 8 intra-uterine death cases and 4 cases that died after birth. RESULTS: Including both prenatal and postnatal fetal phenotypic evaluation, all cases presented dysmorphic features with nose and ear dysplasia...
November 17, 2016: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856389/mini-laparoscopy-of-removal-partial-adnexae-at-the-time-of-hysterectomy
#15
António Gutierrez Setúbal, João Sequeira Alves, Olga Lavado, Joana Faria
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe our technique of mini laparoscopic adnexectomy or salpingectomy at the time of total laparoscopic hysterectomy DESIGN: Step-by-step video explanation of our technique SETTING: The advantages of laparoscopic surgery have been widely recognised in the past two decades: improved vision, exposure, reduction in operative trauma because of smaller incisions and more gentle tissue´s handling, that result in a faster postoperative recovery. The technology development has allowed the use of smaller caliber instruments while maintaining the high standard surgical performance...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846664/laparoscopic-splenectomy-in-children-a-modified-technique-with-joint-sealing-of-segmental-splenic-arteries-and-veins-favorably-compared-with-the-classic-technique
#16
Sara Silvaroli, Marianne De Montalembert, Frédérique Sauvat, Valentine Brousse, Sabine Sarnacki, Sabine Irtan
Introduction Splenectomy in children is nowadays widely performed by laparoscopy, the major risk being operative hemorrhage. We hereby compare the results of two different techniques of vascular control. Materials and Methods We retrospectively reviewed all patients undergoing a laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) for hematologic disease at a single institution from 2004 to 2013. LS was performed by a lateral approach. The 10-mm optic port was placed in the umbilicus and two 5-mm working ports were placed in the left lower quadrant and in the right upper quadrant near the midline...
November 15, 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843667/congenital-vitelline-band-causing-intestinal-obstruction-in-an-adult-with-a-double-inferior-vena-cava
#17
Mihiri Wettasinghe, Kumari Pussepitiya, Bandula Samarasinghe, Nuwan Wickramasinghe
Introduction. Vitelline artery remnants are rare causes of intra-abdominal bands leading to bowel obstruction. These bands may be associated with Meckel's diverticulum. Double inferior vena cava (IVC) is a rare presentation and is usually identified incidentally. Case Presentation. A sixty-year-old male presented with progressive vomiting for five days and he was clinically diagnosed with intestinal obstruction. Plain X-ray abdomen showed evidence of small bowel obstruction. CT scan of the abdomen revealed dilated small bowel loops with a small outpouching in the distal ileum with a band like structure attached to it...
2016: Case Reports in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831842/imaging-of-the-urachus-anomalies-complications-and-mimics
#18
Carolina Parada Villavicencio, Sharon Z Adam, Paul Nikolaidis, Vahid Yaghmai, Frank H Miller
Urachal anomalies are more common than previously thought, with more cases discovered incidentally, because of the increased use of cross-sectional imaging. Although an abnormal persistence of an embryologic communication between the bladder and the umbilicus is often recognized and managed in childhood, it may persist into adulthood, with a greater risk of morbidity. Congenital urachal anomalies that are detected early can benefit from an optimized management including surgical approach with a complete resection of the urachal remnant in cases when spontaneous resolution or medical management has failed...
November 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811758/range-extension-of-pseudotorinia-phorcysi-gastropoda-architectonicidae-%C3%A2-from-the-sw-atlantic-with-remarks-on-its-ontogeny
#19
Daniel C Cavallari, Rodrigo B Salvador
Architectonicidae is a diverse family of heterobranch sea snails comprising over 11 genera and 140 extant species distributed worldwide (Bieler & Petit, 2005). They live in shallow to deep water, and have turbinate to discoidal shells, with a typically wide umbilicus and a downward-pointing (heterostrophic) protoconch (Healy, 1998). Pseudotorinia phorcysi Cavallari, Salvador & Simone, 2013 is a deep-water species known only from its type locality in the SW Atlantic, off Cabo Frio, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil (23°41'S 42°06'W, 430-450 m depth)...
October 17, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795545/a-symptomatic-case-of-thoracic-vertebral-hemangioma-causing-lower-limb-spastic-paresis
#20
Mohammad Alfawareh, Tariq Alotaibi, Abdallah Labeeb, Ziad Audat
BACKGROUND Despite being the most common tumor of the spine, vertebral hemangioma is rarely symptomatic in adults. In fact, only 0.9-1.2% of all vertebral hemangiomas may be symptomatic. When hemangiomas occur in the thoracic vertebrae, they are more likely to be symptomatic due to the narrow vertebral canal dimensions that mandate more aggressive management prior to the onset of severe neurological sequelae. CASE REPORT An 18-year-old male presented to the emergency room with a one-month history of mild to moderate mid-thoracic back pain, radiating to both lower limbs...
October 31, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
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