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Pulmonary rehab

Marc M Saad, Jeanne Kamal, Elias Moussaly, Boutros Karam, Wissam Mansour, Emad Gobran, Saqib Hussen Abbasi, Ahmed Mahgoub, Puja Singh, Ross Hardy, Devjani Das, Cara Brown, Monica Kapoor, Seleshi Demissie, Morton J Kleiner, Elie El Charabaty, Suzanne E El Sayegh
BACKGROUND: Volume overload in patients on hemodialysis (HD) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular mortality. B-lines detected on lung ultrasound (BLUS) assess extravascular lung water. This raises interest in its utility for assessing volume status and cardiovascular outcomes. METHODS: End-stage renal disease patients on HD at the Island Rehab Center being older than 18 years were screened. Patients achieving their dry weight (DW) had a lung ultrasound in a supine position...
2018: Cardiorenal Medicine
Ali Hakamy, Tricia M McKeever, Jack E Gibson, Charlotte E Bolton
Pulmonary rehabilitation is recommended for patients with COPD to improve physical function, breathlessness and quality of life. Using The Health Information Network (THIN) primary care database in UK, we compared the demographic and clinical parameters of patients with COPD in relation to coding of pulmonary rehabilitation, and to investigate whether there is a survival benefit from pulmonary rehabilitation. We identified patients with COPD, diagnosed from 2004 and extracted information on demographics, pulmonary rehabilitation and clinical parameters using the relevant Read codes...
October 11, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
Zahra Ezzeldin, Yasmeen Mansi, Mervat Gaber, Rania Zakaria, Rehab Fawzy, Mohamed A Mohamed
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) is a leading cause of death. Nebulized hypertonic saline solution (HSS) has been used to improve pulmonary clearance and reduce infection in intubated patients. This study examines whether nebulized HSS may reduce VAP in intubated premature infants. METHODS: We analyzed results of 100 intubated premature infants who completed the study. Infants were divided into: (a) the "Control" group, where VAP prevention protocol was implemented and (b) the "Intervention" group, where nebulized HSS twice daily was added to the package of care...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Wolfram Karenovics, Marc Licker, Christoph Ellenberger, Michel Christodoulou, John Diaper, Chetna Bhatia, John Robert, Pierre-Olivier Bridevaux, Frédéric Triponez
OBJECTIVES: Poor aerobic fitness is a potential modifiable risk factor for long-term survival and quality of life in patients with lung cancer. This randomized trial evaluates the impact of adding rehabilitation (Rehab) with high-intensity interval training (HIIT) before lung cancer surgery to enhance cardiorespiratory fitness and improve long-term postoperative outcome. METHODS: Patients with operable lung cancer were randomly assigned to usual care (UC, n  = 77) or to intervention group (Rehab, n  = 74) that entailed HIIT that was implemented only preoperatively...
July 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Mai O Kadry, Rehab M Abdel-Megeed
Estimating the ability of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) to alleviate pulmonary injury induced via isoproterenol (ISP). ISP was injected in a dose of (100 mg/kg, subcutaneously twice at an interval of 24 h). One month post BM-MSCs transplantation by intravenous injection, pulmonary oxidative stress was assessed, and Western blot analyses and histopathological investigations were conducted. Compared with the normal control group, BM-MSCs transplantation significantly decreased the expression of pulmonary anti-oxidative stress marker...
August 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
Marc Licker, Wolfram Karenovics, John Diaper, Isabelle Frésard, Frédéric Triponez, Christoph Ellenberger, Raoul Schorer, Bengt Kayser, Pierre-Olivier Bridevaux
INTRODUCTION: Impairment in aerobic fitness is a potential modifiable risk factor for postoperative complications. In this randomized controlled trial, we hypothesized that a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) program enhances cardiorespiratory fitness before lung cancer surgery and therefore reduces the risk of postoperative complications. METHODS: Patients with operable lung cancer were randomly assigned to usual care (UC) (n = 77) or preoperative rehabilitation based on HIIT (Rehab) (n = 74)...
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Helen Laura Cameron-Tucker, Richard Wood-Baker, Lyn Joseph, Julia A Walters, Natalie Schüz, E Haydn Walters
PURPOSE: With the limited reach of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) and low levels of daily physical activity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a need exists to increase daily exercise. This study evaluated telephone health-mentoring targeting home-based walking (tele-rehab) compared to usual waiting time (usual care) followed by group PR. PATIENTS AND METHODS: People with COPD were randomized to tele-rehab (intervention) or usual care (controls). Tele-rehab delivered by trained nurse health-mentors supported participants' home-based walking over 8-12 weeks...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Maria-Mădălina Bodescu, Adina Magdalena Turcanu, Maria-Cristina Gavrilescu, T Mihăescu
UNLABELLED: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is an inflammatory affection of the whole lung, characterized by an accelerated loss of the pulmonary functions, that reduces the patients' independence and stops them from having a normal, active life. The medical rehabilitation is considered "Third class rehabilitation", after preventive medicine and pharmaceutical medicine, and the respiratory rehabilitation recovery represents a complex structure of service addressing to patients with chronic pulmonary illnesses whose aim is to optimize the physical performances, psycho-social and autonomy...
October 2015: Pneumologia: Revista Societății Române de Pneumologie
Tanja Karic, Cecilie Røe, Tonje Haug Nordenmark, Frank Becker, Wilhelm Sorteberg, Angelika Sorteberg
OBJECTIVE Early rehabilitation is effective in an array of acute neurological disorders but it is not established as part of treatment guidelines after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). This may in part be due to the fear of aggravating the development of cerebral vasospasm, which is the most feared complication of aSAH. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of early rehabilitation and mobilization on complications during the acute phase and within 90 days after aSAH. METHODS This was a prospective, interventional study that included patients with aSAH at the neuro-intermediate ward after aneurysm repair...
February 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
Hakan Erdem, Nazif Elaldi, Ayse Batirel, Sani Aliyu, Gonul Sengoz, Filiz Pehlivanoglu, Ergys Ramosaco, Serda Gulsun, Recep Tekin, Birgul Mete, Ilker Inanc Balkan, Dilek Yildiz Sevgi, Efthymia Giannitsioti, Archontoula Fragou, Selcuk Kaya, Birsen Cetin, Tunc Oktenoglu, Aygul DoganCelik, Banu Karaca, Elif Sahin Horasan, Mehmet Ulug, Asuman Inan, Safak Kaya, Esra Arslanalp, Selma Ates-Guler, Ayse Willke, Sebnem Senol, Dilara Inan, Ertugrul Guclu, Gunay Tuncer-Ertem, Meliha Meric-Koc, Meltem Tasbakan, Seniha Senbayrak, Gonul Cicek-Senturk, Fatma Sırmatel, Gulfem Ocal, Sesin Kocagoz, Hulya Kusoglu, Tumer Guven, Ali Irfan Baran, Behiye Dede, Fatma Yilmaz-Karadag, Sukran Kose, Hava Yilmaz, Gonul Aslan, D Ashraf ALGallad, Salih Cesur, Rehab El-Sokkary, Nural Bekiroğlu, Haluk Vahaboglu
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: No direct comparison between brucellar spondylodiscitis (BSD) and tuberculous spondylodiscitis (TSD) exists in the literature. PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare directly the clinical features, laboratory and radiological aspects, treatment, and outcome data of patients diagnosed as BSD and TSD. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, multinational, and multicenter study was used. PATIENT SAMPLE: A total of 641 (TSD, 314 and BSD, 327) spondylodiscitis patients from 35 different centers in four countries (Turkey, Egypt, Albania, and Greece) were included...
December 1, 2015: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Praveen K Gupta, Rehab Ali Marzook, Leena Sulaibeekh
A case of multiple intracranial abscesses in an immune-competent young girl is reported. She had chicken pox. Two weeks later, she presented with multiple intracranial abscesses. No significant cardiac abnormality was detected on transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE). The condition was treated medically. However, one of the abscesses adjacent to the CSF pathways enlarged on treatment and caused obstructive hydrocephalus that required stereotactic aspiration. Gram stain showed gram positive cocci in chain. Pus was sterile on culture...
October 2013: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Lisa Schilling, Raimund Forst, Jürgen Forst, Albert Fujak
BACKGROUND: Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 (DM1) is the most common form of hereditary myopathy presenting in adults. This autosomal-dominant systemic disorder is caused by a CTG repeat, demonstrating various symptoms. A mild, classic and congenital form can be distinguished. Often the quality of life is reduced by orthopaedic problems, such as muscle weakness, contractures, foot or spinal deformities, which limit patients' mobility.The aim of our study was to gather information about the orthopaedic impairments in patients with DM1 in order to improve the medical care of patients, affected by this rare disease...
December 1, 2013: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Adam Sassoon, Michele D'Apuzzo, Stephen Sems, Joseph Cass, Tad Mabry
Patients treated with total hip arthroplasty (THA) for osteoarthritis (OA) and femoral neck fracture (FNF) between 1990-2007 were compared using the National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS). In-hospital, post-operative complications and disposition were compared at six-year intervals to establish trends over time. A total of 2,160,061 THAs were performed for OA, while 174,641 were performed for FNF. Peri-operative mortality and pulmonary embolism rates following elective THA were lower at each interval when compared to THA performed for FNF (P<0...
October 2013: Journal of Arthroplasty
Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is an important tool in the treatment of COPD patients. It is now clearly established that PR improves exercise capacity, reduces symptoms and improves quality of life in COPD patients. There is further evidence that the programms also improve survival and reduce medical consumption. Pulmonary rehabilitation programmes are multidisziplinary and consist of exercice training (endurance, power), chest physiotherapie, education, psychosocial and nutritional support. Patients with poor exercice capacity, peripheral muscle weakness, severe complaints and poor quality of life seem to profit most from in- and outpatiens rehab programms...
March 1, 1999: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
Rehab M El-Gharabawy, Enas I El-Maddah, Merfat M Oreby, Hanan S A Salem, Mona O Ramadan
Associations between painting, sensitization, and respiratory disease have received little attention, despite the extensive use of paint and paint removal products. The objectives of this study were to investigate the possible immunotoxicity and pulmonary toxicity induced by paints in Egyptian painter workers. This study was carried out on 60 adult males. Subjects were designated as controls (n = 30 healthy persons) or paint-exposed workers (n = 30). The controls and workers were then divided into four equal groups (15 individuals/group): Group I, Control group-never smoked; Group II, Smoker controls; Groups III, paint-exposed non-smoking workers; and Group IV, paint-exposed smoker workers...
July 2013: Journal of Immunotoxicology
Medhat W Shafaa, Neveen M Sabra, Rehab A Fouad
Increased intraocular pressure (IOP) is a significant risk factor for the development of glaucoma. Timolol maleate is a beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agent and it is used for the treatment of glaucoma in order to reduce the elevated IOP that is characteristic of this eye disease. Systemic toxicity from topical timolol occurs more frequently than local toxicity and can affect the pulmonary, cardiac and central nervous systems. The objective of the present study, therefore, was to formulate multilamellar vesicles (MLVs) liposomal preparations of timolol maleate using their advantage of being less toxic compared with non-liposome-based drugs to be applied topically and to evaluate the in vivo performance of the prepared liposomes to extend the time of reduced IOP of glaucomatous rabbit's eye measured using a standard Shiotz tonometer...
December 2011: Biopharmaceutics & Drug Disposition
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2009: Johns Hopkins Medical Letter Health After 50
Michael Greenstone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2009: Evidence-based Medicine
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