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Pulmonary rehab

Helen Laura Cameron-Tucker, Richard Wood-Baker, Lyn Joseph, Julia A Walters, Natalie Schüz, E Haydn Walters
PURPOSE: With the limited reach of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) and low levels of daily physical activity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a need exists to increase daily exercise. This study evaluated telephone health-mentoring targeting home-based walking (tele-rehab) compared to usual waiting time (usual care) followed by group PR. PATIENTS AND METHODS: People with COPD were randomized to tele-rehab (intervention) or usual care (controls). Tele-rehab delivered by trained nurse health-mentors supported participants' home-based walking over 8-12 weeks...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Maria-Mădălina Bodescu, Adina Magdalena Turcanu, Maria-Cristina Gavrilescu, T Mihăescu
UNLABELLED: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is an inflammatory affection of the whole lung, characterized by an accelerated loss of the pulmonary functions, that reduces the patients' independence and stops them from having a normal, active life. The medical rehabilitation is considered "Third class rehabilitation", after preventive medicine and pharmaceutical medicine, and the respiratory rehabilitation recovery represents a complex structure of service addressing to patients with chronic pulmonary illnesses whose aim is to optimize the physical performances, psycho-social and autonomy...
October 2015: Pneumologia: Revista Societății Române de Pneumologie
Tanja Karic, Cecilie Røe, Tonje Haug Nordenmark, Frank Becker, Wilhelm Sorteberg, Angelika Sorteberg
OBJECTIVE Early rehabilitation is effective in an array of acute neurological disorders but it is not established as part of treatment guidelines after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). This may in part be due to the fear of aggravating the development of cerebral vasospasm, which is the most feared complication of aSAH. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of early rehabilitation and mobilization on complications during the acute phase and within 90 days after aSAH. METHODS This was a prospective, interventional study that included patients with aSAH at the neuro-intermediate ward after aneurysm repair...
April 8, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Hakan Erdem, Nazif Elaldi, Ayse Batirel, Sani Aliyu, Gonul Sengoz, Filiz Pehlivanoglu, Ergys Ramosaco, Serda Gulsun, Recep Tekin, Birgul Mete, Ilker Inanc Balkan, Dilek Yildiz Sevgi, Efthymia Giannitsioti, Archontoula Fragou, Selcuk Kaya, Birsen Cetin, Tunc Oktenoglu, Aygul DoganCelik, Banu Karaca, Elif Sahin Horasan, Mehmet Ulug, Asuman Inan, Safak Kaya, Esra Arslanalp, Selma Ates-Guler, Ayse Willke, Sebnem Senol, Dilara Inan, Ertugrul Guclu, Gunay Tuncer-Ertem, Meliha Meric-Koc, Meltem Tasbakan, Seniha Senbayrak, Gonul Cicek-Senturk, Fatma Sırmatel, Gulfem Ocal, Sesin Kocagoz, Hulya Kusoglu, Tumer Guven, Ali Irfan Baran, Behiye Dede, Fatma Yilmaz-Karadag, Sukran Kose, Hava Yilmaz, Gonul Aslan, D Ashraf ALGallad, Salih Cesur, Rehab El-Sokkary, Nural Bekiroğlu, Haluk Vahaboglu
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: No direct comparison between brucellar spondylodiscitis (BSD) and tuberculous spondylodiscitis (TSD) exists in the literature. PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare directly the clinical features, laboratory and radiological aspects, treatment, and outcome data of patients diagnosed as BSD and TSD. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective, multinational, and multicenter study was used. PATIENT SAMPLE: A total of 641 (TSD, 314 and BSD, 327) spondylodiscitis patients from 35 different centers in four countries (Turkey, Egypt, Albania, and Greece) were included...
December 1, 2015: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Praveen K Gupta, Rehab Ali Marzook, Leena Sulaibeekh
A case of multiple intracranial abscesses in an immune-competent young girl is reported. She had chicken pox. Two weeks later, she presented with multiple intracranial abscesses. No significant cardiac abnormality was detected on transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE). The condition was treated medically. However, one of the abscesses adjacent to the CSF pathways enlarged on treatment and caused obstructive hydrocephalus that required stereotactic aspiration. Gram stain showed gram positive cocci in chain. Pus was sterile on culture...
October 2013: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
Lisa Schilling, Raimund Forst, Jürgen Forst, Albert Fujak
BACKGROUND: Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 (DM1) is the most common form of hereditary myopathy presenting in adults. This autosomal-dominant systemic disorder is caused by a CTG repeat, demonstrating various symptoms. A mild, classic and congenital form can be distinguished. Often the quality of life is reduced by orthopaedic problems, such as muscle weakness, contractures, foot or spinal deformities, which limit patients' mobility.The aim of our study was to gather information about the orthopaedic impairments in patients with DM1 in order to improve the medical care of patients, affected by this rare disease...
2013: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Adam Sassoon, Michele D'Apuzzo, Stephen Sems, Joseph Cass, Tad Mabry
Patients treated with total hip arthroplasty (THA) for osteoarthritis (OA) and femoral neck fracture (FNF) between 1990-2007 were compared using the National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS). In-hospital, post-operative complications and disposition were compared at six-year intervals to establish trends over time. A total of 2,160,061 THAs were performed for OA, while 174,641 were performed for FNF. Peri-operative mortality and pulmonary embolism rates following elective THA were lower at each interval when compared to THA performed for FNF (P<0...
October 2013: Journal of Arthroplasty
Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is an important tool in the treatment of COPD patients. It is now clearly established that PR improves exercise capacity, reduces symptoms and improves quality of life in COPD patients. There is further evidence that the programms also improve survival and reduce medical consumption. Pulmonary rehabilitation programmes are multidisziplinary and consist of exercice training (endurance, power), chest physiotherapie, education, psychosocial and nutritional support. Patients with poor exercice capacity, peripheral muscle weakness, severe complaints and poor quality of life seem to profit most from in- and outpatiens rehab programms...
March 1, 1999: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
Rehab M El-Gharabawy, Enas I El-Maddah, Merfat M Oreby, Hanan S A Salem, Mona O Ramadan
Associations between painting, sensitization, and respiratory disease have received little attention, despite the extensive use of paint and paint removal products. The objectives of this study were to investigate the possible immunotoxicity and pulmonary toxicity induced by paints in Egyptian painter workers. This study was carried out on 60 adult males. Subjects were designated as controls (n = 30 healthy persons) or paint-exposed workers (n = 30). The controls and workers were then divided into four equal groups (15 individuals/group): Group I, Control group-never smoked; Group II, Smoker controls; Groups III, paint-exposed non-smoking workers; and Group IV, paint-exposed smoker workers...
July 2013: Journal of Immunotoxicology
Medhat W Shafaa, Neveen M Sabra, Rehab A Fouad
Increased intraocular pressure (IOP) is a significant risk factor for the development of glaucoma. Timolol maleate is a beta-adrenergic receptor blocking agent and it is used for the treatment of glaucoma in order to reduce the elevated IOP that is characteristic of this eye disease. Systemic toxicity from topical timolol occurs more frequently than local toxicity and can affect the pulmonary, cardiac and central nervous systems. The objective of the present study, therefore, was to formulate multilamellar vesicles (MLVs) liposomal preparations of timolol maleate using their advantage of being less toxic compared with non-liposome-based drugs to be applied topically and to evaluate the in vivo performance of the prepared liposomes to extend the time of reduced IOP of glaucomatous rabbit's eye measured using a standard Shiotz tonometer...
December 2011: Biopharmaceutics & Drug Disposition
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2009: Johns Hopkins Medical Letter Health After 50
Michael Greenstone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2009: Evidence-based Medicine
Michael Greenstone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2009: Annals of Internal Medicine
Asmaa Gaber Abdou, Moshira Mohammed Abd El-Wahed, Nancy Youssef Asaad, Rehab Monir Samaka, Rania Abdallaha
Ephrin receptors and ephrin ligands constitute one of the largest groups of tyrosine kinases. The division of ephrin receptors into type A or type B is determined by their ligand-binding specificities. Ephrin A4 as a ligand has a broad capacity to bind and stimulate different subtypes of ephrin A receptors. Little is known about the role of ephrins generally and ephrin A4 particularly in osteosarcoma. Ephrin A4 was immunohistochemically assessed on archival material from 46 primary osteosarcoma cases, 10 metastatic pulmonary lesions and 20 normal control bone specimens...
April 2009: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
D Nikolic, I Petronic, D Cirovic, Z Milincic, P Pavicevic, R Brdar
BACKGROUND: The Aim of our study was to present early rehabilitation protocols for children with and without pulmonary complications after the correction of congenital heart defects and to estimate the optimal time for the initiation of early rehabilitation in both groups of children. METHODS: In our study, 176 children treated at the University Children's Hospital in Belgrade were evaluated during the period 2003-2007. All patients were children with the corrected congenital heart defects from birth to 12 months of life...
2008: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Artur H Herdy, Patrícia L B Marcchi, Adriano Vila, Claudia Tavares, Jauro Collaço, Josef Niebauer, Jorge P Ribeiro
OBJECTIVE: Patients who have to wait in the hospital for coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) are exposed to the potential risks of immobilization. This clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of an in-hospital cardiopulmonary rehabilitation program performed before and after CABG on postoperative outcomes. DESIGN: Fifty-six patients who had to wait for CABG in-hospital were randomly assigned to a cardiopulmonary rehabilitation (Rehab; n = 29) or to usual care (Control; n = 27)...
September 2008: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
D M G Halpin, J F O'Reilly, S Connellan, M Rudolf et al.
In order to assess the confidence of healthcare professionals in diagnosing and managing COPD telephone interviews were conducted with 60 practice nurses and 46 general practitioners (GPs) in 2001 and 61 nurses and 39 GPs in 2005. The nurses all ran respiratory clinics. 80% of GPs were confident about diagnosing COPD and this had increased from 52% in 2001. Fifty five percent of nurses were confident and there was no change from 2001. In 2005, 79% of GPs and 70% of nurses were confident about differentiating asthma and COPD...
November 2007: Respiratory Medicine
Mindy Benedict
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2006: Health Care Food & Nutrition Focus
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