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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457678/micronutrients-dietary-patterns-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-among-women-of-the-e3n-epic-cohort-study
#1
Francesca Romana Mancini, Courtney Dow, Aurélie Affret, Kalina Rajaobelina, Laureen Dartois, Beverley Balkau, Fabrice Bonnet, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Guy Fagherazzi
BACKGROUND: Micronutrients play a key role in type 2 diabetes, but methodological difficulties arise from their collinearity and interdependencies with foods. The objective of the present study is to identify micronutrient dietary patterns in the E3N-EPIC cohort and to investigate their association with type 2 diabetes risk. METHODS: Principal component analysis was applied to identify micronutrient patterns among 71 270 women from the E3N-EPIC cohort. Associations between micronutrient patterns and type 2 diabetes risk were quantified by hazards ratios (95% confidence intervals) from Cox proportional hazards regression models, adjusted on potential confounders...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456426/influences-on-diabetes-self-management-education-participation-in-a-low-income-spanish-speaking-latino-population
#2
Jill Testerman, Dian Chase
Objective: To investigate influences on participation in diabetes self-management education (DSME) classes in a low-income, Spanish-speaking, Latino population. Methods: Fifteen patients from an Oregon clinic participated in semi-structured interviews designed to understand influences on their participation in DSME classes, and the authors conducted a thematic analysis. Results: Four themes characterized the data: 1 ) limited resources, 2 ) culture, 3 ) relationship with diabetes, and 4 ) relationship with clinic...
February 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456422/understanding-the-meaning-of-food-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-living-in-northern-appalachia
#3
Elizabeth A Beverly, Marilyn D Ritholz, Linda A Wray, Ching-Ju Chiu, Emmy Suhl
Purpose: Food and eating convey memories and feelings and serve important functions in creating and maintaining relationships. Given the increasing rate of diabetes in the United States, research understanding the meaning of food may shed light on how patients negotiate everyday food choices while managing type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the meaning of food among adults with type 2 diabetes living in Northern Appalachia. Methods: In-depth, face-to-face interviews were conducted with type 2 diabetes patients...
February 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455781/the-truth-about-artificial-sweeteners-are-they-good-for-diabetics
#4
EDITORIAL
Vikas Purohit, Sundeep Mishra
Artificial sweeteners are thought to be beneficial for diabetics or obese where refined sugar can be a problem. These low-calorie sweeteners are seemingly safe to use, provide sweetness without calories, and provide a choice of sweet foods to those who otherwise cannot partake them (refined sugars). However, while artificial sweeteners may indeed restrict calories most of them have no beneficial effects on control of diabetes mellitus; rather possibly increase its risk. Additionally, there could be some other safety concerns possibly risk of cancer...
January 2018: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455679/nutrient-profiling-and-adherence-to-components-of-the-uk-national-dietary-guidelines-association-with-metabolic-risk-factors-for-cvd-and-diabetes-airwave-health-monitoring-study
#5
Rebeca Eriksen, Rachel Gibson, Kathryn Lamb, Yvonne McMeel, Anne-Claire Vergnaud, Jeanette Spear, Maria Aresu, Queenie Chan, Paul Elliott, Gary Frost
CVD is the leading cause of death worldwide. Diet is a key modifiable component in the development of CVD. No official UK diet quality index exists for use in UK nutritional epidemiological studies. The aims of this study are to: (i) develop a diet quality index based on components of UK dietary reference values (DRV) and (ii) determine the association between the index, the existing UK nutrient profile (NP) model and a comprehensive range of cardiometabolic risk markers among a British adult population. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted using data from the Airwave Health Monitoring Study (n 5848)...
February 19, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452887/protein-intake-and-long-term-change-in-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-the-jackson-heart-study
#6
Rakesh Malhotra, Loren Lipworth, Kerri L Cavanaugh, Bessie A Young, Katherine L Tucker, Teresa C Carithers, Herman A Taylor, Adolfo Correa, Edmond K Kabagambe, T Alp Ikizler
OBJECTIVE: Dietary protein intake could have deleterious renal effects in populations at risk for chronic kidney disease. Here, we examined whether higher protein intake (≥80th percentile of energy from protein) is associated with decline in kidney function and whether this decline varies by diabetes status. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SUBJECTS AND SETTINGS: Participants were African-Americans (n = 5,301), who enrolled in the Jackson Heart Study between 2000 and 2004...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452338/potential-benefits-of-prasugrel-and-ticagrelor-is-diabetics-are-not-substantiated-by-the-food-and-drug-administration-adverse-event-repository
#7
Victor L Serebruany, Moo Hyun Kim, Nikita Lomakin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2018: European Heart Journal. Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451860/a-hierarchical-bayesian-tri-variate-analysis-on-factors-associated-with-anthropometric-measures-in-a-large-sample-of-children-and-adolescents-the-caspian-iv-study
#8
Roya Kelishadi, Zahra Heidari, Iraj Kazemi, Tohid Jafari-Koshki, Marjan Mansourian, Mohammad-Esmaeil Motlagh, Ramin Heshmat
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess determinants of anthropometric measures in a nationally representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: This nationwide study was conducted among 13,280 students, aged 6-18 years, who were randomly selected from 30 provinces in Iran. Anthropometric measures were determined by calibrated instruments. Demographic and socio-economic (SES) variables, lifestyle behaviors, family history of chronic disease and prenatal factors were studied, as well...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451021/the-uva-padova-type-1-diabetes-simulator-goes-from-single-meal-to-single-day
#9
Roberto Visentin, Enrique Campos-Náñez, Michele Schiavon, Dayu Lv, Martina Vettoretti, Marc Breton, Boris P Kovatchev, Chiara Dalla Man, Claudio Cobelli
BACKGROUND: A new version of the UVA/Padova Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) Simulator is presented which provides a more realistic testing scenario. The upgrades to the previous simulator, which was accepted by the Food and Drug Administration in 2013, are described. METHOD: Intraday variability of insulin sensitivity (S I ) has been modeled, based on clinical T1D data, accounting for both intra- and intersubject variability of daily S I . Thus, time-varying distributions of both subject's basal insulin infusion and insulin-to-carbohydrate ratio were calculated and made available to the user...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450584/dietary-patterns-and-longitudinal-change-in-hip-bone-mineral-density-among-older-men
#10
T S Rogers, S Harrison, S Judd, E S Orwoll, L M Marshall, J Shannon, L Langsetmo, N E Lane, J M Shikany
Studying dietary patterns is often more informative than individual nutrients or foods. We found that a Prudent dietary pattern (rich in vegetables and fish) was associated with reduced loss of total hip BMD in older men. A Prudent dietary pattern may be a potential lifestyle strategy for minimizing bone loss. INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to identify baseline dietary patterns using factor analysis in a cohort of older men and to evaluate whether the dietary patterns were associated with bone mineral density change (%ΔBMD) at the total hip and femoral neck over time...
February 15, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449951/glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-agonists-are-not-associated-with-retinal-adverse-events-in-the-fda-adverse-event-reporting-system
#11
Gian Paolo Fadini, Mayur Sarangdhar, Angelo Avogaro
Objectives: Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA) are widely used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. In large trials, the GLP-1RAs liraglutide and semaglutide improved cardiovascular outcomes, but semaglutide was associated with an increased risk of retinopathy progression. We herein evaluated the association between GLP-1RA and retinal adverse events (AE) in the Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS). Research design and methods: We mined the FAERS between 2004q1 and 2017q1 (for a total of 9 217 555 AE reports) to analyze disproportionality and evaluate the association between GLP-1RAs and AEs involving the retina...
2018: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449868/prediction-of-methionine-and-homocysteine-levels-in-zucker-diabetic-fatty-zdf-rats-as-a-t2dm-animal-model-after-consumption-of-a-methionine-rich-diet
#12
Nayoung Han, Jung-Woo Chae, Jihyun Jeon, Jaeyeon Lee, Hyun-Moon Back, Byungjeong Song, Kwang-Il Kwon, Sang Kyum Kim, Hwi-Yeol Yun
Background: Although alterations in the methionine metabolism cycle (MMC) have been associated with vascular complications of diabetes, there have not been consistent results about the levels of methionine and homocysteine in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of the current study was to predict changes in plasma methionine and homocysteine concentrations after simulated consumption of methionine-rich foods, following the development of a mathematical model for MMC in Zucker Diabetic Fatty (ZDF) rats, as a representative T2DM animal model...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447246/fried-food-intake-and-risk-of-nonfatal-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-the-costa-rica-heart-study
#13
Peter Hu, Yanping Li, Hannia Campos
Economic development in middle-income countries has led to a noticeable rise in the availability of commercial deep fried foods and lifestyles that require eating meals "on the go" and outside of the home. Yet, data from these countries where fried foods were traditionally prepared at home are scarce, despite several studies showing the potential adverse effects of fried food consumption on risk for heart disease. We aimed to examine whether consumption of fried foods inside or outside of the home is associated with an increased risk of myocardial infarction (MI) among Hispanic/Latinos living in Costa Rica...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446938/hypoglycemic-effect-of-pyrodextrins-with-different-molecular-weights-and-digestibilities-in-diet-induced-obese-mice
#14
Yan Cao, Xiaoli Chen, Ying Sun, Jialiang Shi, Xiaojuan Xu, Yong-Cheng Shi
Pyrodextrin shares some properties of resistant starch which is metabolically beneficial, and has potential applications as a functional food. In this study, we report that oral administration of pyrodextrin (50 mg/kg/d for 7 weeks) decreased the blood glucose (from 9.18±1.47 to 7.67±0.42 mmol/L), serum HbA1c, triglycerides, adipocyte size, and body weights (from 24.4±1.2 to 22.5±1.2 g) in high-fat diet-induced obese mice. The Western blotting analysis suggested that pyrodextrins decreased the intestinal SGLT-1 and GLUT-2 expression to ~70% and ~60% of the obese control to slow down glucose transportation from gut into blood, and improved the hepatic metabolism tentatively...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445913/dietary-pattern-associated-with-selenoprotein-p-and-mri-derived-body-fat-volumes-liver-signal-intensity-and-metabolic-disorders
#15
Romina di Giuseppe, Sandra Plachta-Danielzik, Manja Koch, Ute Nöthlings, Sabrina Schlesinger, Jan Borggrefe, Marcus Both, Hans-Peter Müller, Jan Kassubek, Gunnar Jacobs, Wolfgang Lieb
PURPOSE: The association of complex dietary patterns with circulating selenoprotein P (SELENOP) levels in humans is unknown. In a general population sample, we aimed to identify a dietary pattern explaining inter-individual variation in circulating SELENOP concentrations and to study this pattern in relation to prevalent diabetes, metabolic syndrome (MetS), MRI-determined total volumes of visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous (SAT) abdominal adipose tissue, and liver signal intensity/fatty liver disease...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443421/diabetes-uk-evidence-based-nutrition-guidelines-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-diabetes
#16
P A Dyson, D Twenefour, C Breen, A Duncan, E Elvin, L Goff, A Hill, P Kalsi, N Marsland, P McCardle, D Mellor, L Oliver, K Watson
A summary of the latest evidence-based nutrition guidelines for the prevention and management of diabetes is presented. These guidelines are based on existing recommendations last published in 2011, and were formulated by an expert panel of specialist dietitians after a literature review of recent evidence. Recommendations have been made in terms of foods rather than nutrients wherever possible. Guidelines for education and care delivery, prevention of Type 2 diabetes, glycaemic control for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease risk management, management of diabetes-related complications, other considerations including comorbidities, nutrition support, pregnancy and lactation, eating disorders, micronutrients, food supplements, functional foods, commercial diabetic foods and nutritive and non-nutritive sweeteners are included...
February 14, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438753/antidiabetic-activities-of-polysaccharides-from-anoectochilus-roxburghii-and-anoectochilus-formosanus-in-stz-induced-diabetic-mice
#17
Tingting Tang, Xiaoyu Duan, Yu Ke, Lan Zhang, Yingbin Shen, Bin Hu, Aiping Liu, Hong Chen, Cheng Li, Wenjuan Wu, Li Shen, Yuntao Liu
Six polysaccharides were extracted from different parts (whole plants, roots and leaves) of Anoectochilus roxburghii and Anoectochilus formosanus (ARPs, ARPs-1, ARPs-2, AFPs, AFPs-1 and AFPs-2). Their primary characteristics were identified and their antidiabetic activities were evaluated in STZ-induced diabetic mice. Root polysaccharides (ARPs-1and AFPs-1) and leaf polysaccharides (ARPs-2 and AFPs-2) were distinct from each other in terms of the Mws, monosaccharide compositions and functional groups. Notably, the primary structures of ARPs and AFPs were similar to those of ARPs-1and AFPs-1, respectively...
February 10, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437635/pulsed-electromagnetic-field-stimulation-may-improve-fusion-rates-in-cervical-arthrodesis-in-high-risk-populations
#18
D Coric, D E Bullard, V V Patel, J T Ryaby, B L Atkinson, D He, R D Guyer
OBJECTIVES: Pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) stimulation was evaluated after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) procedures in a randomized, controlled clinical study performed for United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval. PEMF significantly increased fusion rates at six months, but 12-month fusion outcomes for subjects at elevated risk for pseudoarthrosis were not thoroughly reported. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the effect of PEMF treatment on subjects at increased risk for pseudoarthrosis after ACDF procedures...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434785/nephroprotective-effects-of-diacylglycerol-on-diabetic-nephropathy-in-type-2-diabetic-rats
#19
Jianpeng Li, Yongheng Yan, Duo Li, Xia Li, Xinying Lin, Zhenhua Liu, Tongcheng Xu, Fangling Du
Diacylglycerol (DAG) has been reported to reduce the serum lipid and glucose levels more effectively compared with triacylglycerol (TAG). The present study examined the long-term effects of dietary DAG on rats with type 2 diabetic nephropathy (DN). The type 2 DN model was established by administering a high-fat and high-calorie diet along with an intraperitoneal injection of 35 mg/kg body weight streptozocin, and the disease developed over the following 8 weeks. Sprague-Dawley rats were then randomly divided into the control, TAG, low-dose DAG (Low-DAG) and high-dose DAG (High-DAG) groups...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433995/precision-nutrition-for-prevention-and-management-of-type-2-diabetes
#20
REVIEW
Dong D Wang, Frank B Hu
Precision nutrition aims to prevent and manage chronic diseases by tailoring dietary interventions or recommendations to one or a combination of an individual's genetic background, metabolic profile, and environmental exposures. Recent advances in genomics, metabolomics, and gut microbiome technologies have offered opportunities as well as challenges in the use of precision nutrition to prevent and manage type 2 diabetes. Nutrigenomics studies have identified genetic variants that influence intake and metabolism of specific nutrients and predict individuals' variability in response to dietary interventions...
February 9, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
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