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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449464/the-role-of-bioglue-in-thoracic-surgery-a-systematic-review
#1
Diamantis I Tsilimigras, Aspasia Antonopoulou, Ioannis Ntanasis-Stathopoulos, Davide Patrini, Kostas Papagiannopoulos, David Lawrence, Nikolaos Panagiotopoulos
BACKGROUND: BioGlue is a commonly used sealant in thoracic surgery. Prolonged air leak and presence of bronchopleural fistulae (BPF) are often encountered in clinical practice. We therefore, investigated the role and the efficacy of BioGlue in these scenarios. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted by searching Medline [1966-2016] and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) [1999-2016] along with reference lists of the included studies. Included studies reported on thoracic surgery operations and use of BioGlue in thoracic surgical procedures, whereas excluded studies met at least one of the following criteria: non-English language studies, non-human population, studies on surgical specialties other than Thoracic surgery, reviews and meta-analyses and sealants other than BioGlue...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436541/pdx1-mody-and-dorsal-pancreatic-agenesis-new-phenotype-of-a-rare-disease
#2
L A Caetano, L S Santana, A D Costa-Riquetto, A M Lerario, M Nery, G F Nogueira, C D Ortega, M S Rocha, Aal Jorge, M G Teles
Maturity-Onset Diabetes of the Young (MODY) type 4 or PDX1-MODY is a rare form of monogenic diabetes caused by heterozygous variants in PDX1. Pancreatic developmental anomalies related to PDX1 are reported only in neonatal diabetes cases. Here, we describe dorsal pancreatic agenesis in two patients with PDX1-MODY. The proband presented with diabetes since 14 years of age and maintained regular glycemic control with low doses of basal insulin and detectable C-peptide levels after 30 years with diabetes. A diagnosis of MODY was suspected...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423749/monitoring-activities-related-to-medication-adherence-in-ambient-assisted-living-environments
#3
Patrice C Roy, Samina Raza Abidi, Syed Sibte Raza Abidi
A recent trend in healthcare is to motivate patients to self-manage their health conditions in home-based settings. Medication adherence is an important aspect in disease self-management since sub-optimal medication adherence by the patient can lead to serious healthcare costs and discomfort for the patient. In order to alleviate the limitations of self-reported medication adherence, we can use ambient assistive living (AAL) technologies in smart environments. Activity recognition services allow to retrieve self-management information related to medication adherence in a less intrusive way...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406459/homesound-real-time-audio-event-detection-based-on-high-performance-computing-for-behaviour-and-surveillance-remote-monitoring
#4
Rosa Ma Alsina-Pagès, Joan Navarro, Francesc Alías, Marcos Hervás
The consistent growth in human life expectancy during the recent years has driven governments and private organizations to increase the efforts in caring for the eldest segment of the population. These institutions have built hospitals and retirement homes that have been rapidly overfilled, making their associated maintenance and operating costs prohibitive. The latest advances in technology and communications envisage new ways to monitor those people with special needs at their own home, increasing their quality of life in a cost-affordable way...
April 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394268/fusing-bluetooth-beacon-data-with-wi-fi-radiomaps-for-improved-indoor-localization
#5
Loizos Kanaris, Akis Kokkinis, Antonio Liotta, Stavros Stavrou
Indoor user localization and tracking are instrumental to a broad range of services and applications in the Internet of Things (IoT) and particularly in Body Sensor Networks (BSN) and Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) scenarios. Due to the widespread availability of IEEE 802.11, many localization platforms have been proposed, based on the Wi-Fi Received Signal Strength (RSS) indicator, using algorithms such as K-Nearest Neighbour (KNN), Maximum A Posteriori (MAP) and Minimum Mean Square Error (MMSE). In this paper, we introduce a hybrid method that combines the simplicity (and low cost) of Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) and the popular 802...
April 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387724/analysis-and-tools-for-improved-management-of-connectionless-and-connection-oriented-ble-devices-coexistence
#6
Antonio Del Campo, Lorenzo Cintioni, Susanna Spinsante, Ennio Gambi
With the introduction of low-power wireless technologies, like Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), new applications are approaching the home automation, healthcare, fitness, automotive and consumer electronics markets. BLE devices are designed to maximize the battery life, i.e., to run for long time on a single coin-cell battery. In typical application scenarios of home automation and Ambient Assisted Living (AAL), the sensors that monitor relatively unpredictable and rare events should coexist with other sensors that continuously communicate health or environmental parameter measurements...
April 7, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374431/characteristics-of-intrabony-nerve-canals-in-mandibular-interforaminal-region-by-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography-and-a-recommendation-of-safe-zone-for-implant-and-bone-harvesting
#7
Xiang-Wen Yang, Fei-Fei Zhang, Yi-Han Li, Bin Wei, Yao Gong
BACKGROUND: Cone-beam computed tomography can accurately show anatomic structure of intrabony nerve canals in mandibular interforaminal region. PURPOSE: The aim was to evaluate the characteristics of intrabony nerve canals in mandibular interforaminal region by using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and determine a safe zone for implant and bone harvesting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hemimandibles (824) CBCT images were obtained. The length of the anterior loop (AL), the length and diameter of the mandibular incisive canal (MIC) and its spatial distance in various landmarks were measured...
February 3, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363248/the-resting-state-fmri-regional-homogeneity-reho-metrics-kcc-reho-cohe-reho-are-valid-indicators-of-tumor-related-neurovascular-uncoupling
#8
Shruti Agarwal, Haris I Sair, Jay J Pillai
AIM: To determine whether regional homogeneity (ReHo) of resting state BOLD fMRI (rsfMRI) data based on Kendall's coefficient of concordance (KCC-ReHo) & Coherence (Cohe-ReHo) metrics may allow detection of brain tumor-induced NVU in the sensorimotor network similar to findings in standard motor task-based BOLD fMRI (tbfMRI) activation. METHODS: Twelve de novo brain tumor patients undergoing clinical fMRI exams (tbfMRI and rsfMRI) were included in this IRB-approved study...
March 31, 2017: Brain Connectivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362557/chemoembolization-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-extrahepatic-collateral-blood-supply-anatomic-and-technical-considerations
#9
Amr Soliman Moustafa, Ahmed Kamel Abdel Aal, Nathan Ertel, Nael Saad, Derek DuBay, Souheil Saddekni
Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is considered a standard local-regional treatment for intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the most common bridging therapy. This treatment is offered to more than 70% of patients who are on the waiting list for liver transplantation in the United States. HCC typically receives its blood supply from the hepatic artery; however, it can recruit a parasitic supply from extrahepatic collateral (EHC) arteries. The development of an EHC arterial blood supply can interfere with the therapeutic efficacy of TACE and result in treatment failure and poor outcome...
March 31, 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325476/erectile-dysfunction-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#10
Ahmad Farooq Alsayed Hasanain, Reem Ezzat Mahdy, Ali Mohamed Abdel-Rahman Mahran, Ahmed Serag Mahmoud Safwat, Asmaa Omar Mohamed, Sherif Mohamed Abdel-Aal
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: There is a lack of studies on erectile dysfunction (ED) in patients diagnosed with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence of ED in patients with NAFLD and to determine the independent predictors of ED in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective, hospital-based study of 192 consecutive male patients with NAFLD. All patients underwent clinical evaluation; abdominal ultrasonography; test for viral hepatitis markers; and estimation of liver chemistry panel, complete blood count, prothrombin time, serum lipids panel, serum testosterone, and fasting serum levels of glucose, insulin, and C-peptide...
March 2017: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301993/outcome-of-living-donor-liver-transplant-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-15-year-single-center-experience-in-egypt
#11
Refaat Kamel, Yaser Hatata, Karim Hosny, Ahmed Nabil, Alaa El-Deen Abd-Allah, Aaser Mostafa, Amr Abdel-Aal, Mahmoud Z Elganzoury, Osama Elmalt, Ibrahim Marwan, Adel Hosny
OBJECTIVES: Liver transplant performed for hepatocellular carcinoma must adhere to criteria for the size and number of focal hepatic lesions to lower the incidence of recurrence and achieve survival rates comparable to patients transplanted for other indications. Since the Milan criteria were established in 1996, there have been many less restrictive criteria yielding similar results. Our aim was to identify the prognostic factors for patient survival and for recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma for patients within and beyond the Milan criteria...
March 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296934/reverse-lectin-elisa-for-detecting-fucosylated-forms-of-%C3%AE-1-acid-glycoprotein-associated-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#12
Eva Åström, Per Stål, Robin Zenlander, Pia Edenvik, Catharina Alexandersson, Mats Haglund, Ingvar Rydén, Peter Påhlsson
Altered fucosylation of glycoproteins is associated with development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Lectins have been commonly used to assay changes in fucosylation of plasma glycoproteins. In the present study a recombinantly engineered form of the fucose binding lectin Aleuria aurantia (AAL) consisting of a single binding site for fucose (S2), was used to construct a reverse lectin ELISA method. Microtiter plates coated with the S2 lectin were used to capture glycoproteins from plasma samples followed by antibody detection of S2-bound fucosylated α1-acid glycoprotein (S2-bound AGP)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287436/plasma-based-degradation-of-mycotoxins-produced-by-fusarium-aspergillus-and-alternaria-species
#13
Lars Ten Bosch, Katharina Pfohl, Georg Avramidis, Stephan Wieneke, Wolfgang Viöl, Petr Karlovsky
The efficacy of cold atmospheric pressure plasma (CAPP) with ambient air as working gas for the degradation of selected mycotoxins was studied. Deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, enniatins, fumonisin B1, and T2 toxin produced by Fusarium spp., sterigmatocystin produced by Aspergillus spp. and AAL toxin produced by Alternaria alternata were used. The kinetics of the decay of mycotoxins exposed to plasma discharge was monitored. All pure mycotoxins exposed to CAPP were degraded almost completely within 60 s. Degradation rates varied with mycotoxin structure: fumonisin B1 and structurally related AAL toxin were degraded most rapidly while sterigmatocystin exhibited the highest resistance to degradation...
March 10, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270767/a-phosphorylatable-sphingosine-analog-induces-airway-smooth-muscle-cytostasis-and-reverses-airway-hyperresponsiveness-in-experimental-asthma
#14
David R Gendron, Pascale B Lecours, Anne-Marie Lemay, Marie-Josée Beaulieu, Carole-Ann Huppé, Audrey Lee-Gosselin, Nicolas Flamand, Anthony S Don, Élyse Bissonnette, Marie-Renée Blanchet, Mathieu Laplante, Sylvain G Bourgoin, Ynuk Bossé, David Marsolais
In asthma, excessive bronchial narrowing associated with thickening of the airway smooth muscle (ASM) causes respiratory distress. Numerous pharmacological agents prevent experimental airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) when delivered prophylactically. However, most fail to resolve this feature after disease is instated. Although sphingosine analogs are primarily perceived as immune modulators with the ability to prevent experimental asthma, they also influence processes associated with tissue atrophy, supporting the hypothesis that they could interfere with mechanisms sustaining pre-established AHR...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269605/age-estimation-using-effective-brain-local-features-from-t1-weighted-images
#15
Ryuichi Fujimoto, Chihiro Kondo, Koichi Ito, Kai Wu, Kazunori Sato, Yasuyuki Taki, Hiroshi Fukuda, Takafumi Aoki
This paper proposes a simple method of selecting effective brain local features for age estimation from T1-weighted MR images. We also employ the high-resolution AAL atlas, which is defined by 1,024 local regions, to improve the accuracy of age estimation. We evaluate performance of the proposed method using 1,099 T1-weighted images from a large-scale brain MR image database of healthy Japanese, and demonstrate that the proposed method exhibits efficient performance of age estimation compared with conventional methods...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264847/antibiotic-allergy-labels-in-liver-transplant-recipients-alt-study
#16
S Khumra, J Chan, K Urbancic, T Worland, P Angus, B Jones, M L Grayson, J A Trubiano
Patient-reported antibiotic allergies (so-called antibiotic allergy labels [AALs]) are associated with suboptimal prescribing and inferior clinical outcomes, especially in the immunocompromised (1, 2).….
March 6, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229261/revision-of-neolebouria-gibson-1976-digenea-opecoelidae-with-trilobovarium-n-g-for-species-infecting-tropical-and-subtropical-shallow-water-fishes
#17
Storm B Martin, Scott C Cutmore, Thomas H Cribb
A new opecoelid trematode is reported from fishes of the Lethrinidae, Lutjanidae and Nemipteridae off Lizard Island on the northern Great Barrier Reef, Australia. The new species keys to Neolebouria Gibson, 1976 and shows strong similarity to several species of that genus, but is not consistent with the type-species, N. georgiensis Gibson, 1976, or others known from temperate/polar and/or deep-sea fishes. The new species is also phylogenetically distant from N. lanceolata (Price, 1934) Reimer, 1987, the only representative of the genus for which molecular data are available...
March 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227863/age-estimation-using-effective-brain-local-features-from-t1-weighted-images
#18
Ryuichi Fujimoto, Chihiro Kondo, Koichi Ito, Kai Wu, Kazunori Sato, Yasuyuki Taki, Hiroshi Fukuda, Takafumi Aoki, Ryuichi Fujimoto, Chihiro Kondo, Koichi Ito, Kai Wu, Kazunori Sato, Yasuyuki Taki, Hiroshi Fukuda, Takafumi Aoki, Koichi Ito, Yasuyuki Taki, Takafumi Aoki, Chihiro Kondo, Kazunori Sato, Hiroshi Fukuda, Ryuichi Fujimoto, Kai Wu
This paper proposes a simple method of selecting effective brain local features for age estimation from T1-weighted MR images. We also employ the high-resolution AAL atlas, which is defined by 1,024 local regions, to improve the accuracy of age estimation. We evaluate performance of the proposed method using 1,099 T1-weighted images from a large-scale brain MR image database of healthy Japanese, and demonstrate that the proposed method exhibits efficient performance of age estimation compared with conventional methods...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187320/mechanical-and-biological-behavior-of-ultrafine-grained-ti-alloy-aneurysm-clip-processed-using-high-pressure-torsion
#19
Ho Yong Um, Byung Ho Park, Dong-Hyun Ahn, Mohamed Ibrahim Abd El Aal, Jaechan Park, Hyoung Seop Kim
Severe plastic deformation (SPD) has recently been advanced as the main process for fabricating bulk ultrafine grained or nanocrystalline metallic materials, which present much higher strength and better bio-compatibility than coarse-grained counterparts. Medical devices, such as aneurysm clips and dental implants, require high mechanical and biological performance (e.g., stiffness, yield strength, fatigue resistance, and bio-compatibility). These requirements match well the characteristics of SPD-processed materials...
February 6, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159012/identification-of-micrornas-expressed-in-the-midgut-of-aedes-albopictus-during-dengue-infection
#20
Jianxin Su, Chunxiao Li, Yingmei Zhang, Ting Yan, Xiaojuan Zhu, Minghui Zhao, Dan Xing, Yande Dong, Xiaoxia Guo, Tongyan Zhao
BACKGROUND: The midgut is the first barrier to dengue virus (DENV) infections of mosquitoes and therefore is a major bottleneck for the subsequent development of vector competence. However, the molecular mechanisms responsible for this barrier are unknown. RESULTS: We constructed three small RNA libraries from the midguts of adult Aedes albopictus females that had been fed on either sugar solution, an uninfected blood meal, or a blood meal infected with DENV-2, and112 conserved microRNAs represented by 173 miRNA sequences were identified, with 34 novel microRNAs predicted by Mireap, RNAfold and Sfold software...
February 3, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
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