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Vaccination hepatitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333947/persistence-of-hepatitis-b-immune-memory-until-9-10%C3%A2-years-of-age-following-hepatitis-b-vaccination-at-birth-and-dtap-ipv-hb-prp%C3%A2-t-vaccination-at-2-4-and-6-months
#1
Pope Kosalaraksa, Kulkanya Chokephaibulkit, Suwat Benjaponpitak, Chitsanu Pancharoen, Sunate Chuenkitmongkol, Siham B'Chir, Xavier Da Costa, Emmanuel Vidor
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term persistence of anti-hepatitis B surface (HBs) antibodies and the response to a HB challenge re-vaccination in children who had received a primary series of DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP∼T (Hexaxim™) or DTaP-IPV-HB/PRP∼T (Infanrix hexa™). METHODS: Two cohorts of participants who had previously received HB vaccine at birth followed by either DTaP-IPV-HB-PRP∼T or DTaP-IPV-HB/PRP∼T co-administered with PCV7 at 2, 4, 6 months of age in a randomized, Phase III, observer-blind study in Thailand, were followed up for anti-HBs antibodies (geometric mean concentrations [GMCs] and seroprotection [SP] rate [% of participants with a titer ≥10 mIU/mL]) at 12-18 months of age and 9-10 years of age...
January 15, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329213/a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-association-between-infant-hepatitis-b-vaccine-exposure-in-boys-and-the-risk-of-adverse-effects-as-measured-by-receipt-of-special-education-services
#2
David A Geier, Janet K Kern, Kristin G Homme, Mark R Geier
The National Center for Education Statistics reported that between 1990-2005 the number of children receiving special education services (SES) rose significantly, and then, from 2004-2012, the number declined significantly. This coincided with the introduction of Thimerosal-containing hepatitis B vaccine in 1991, and the subsequent introduction of Thimerosal-reduced hepatitis B vaccine in the early 2000s. This study examined the potential relationship between infant exposure to mercury from three doses of Thimerosal-containing hepatitis B vaccine and the risk of boys being adversely affected (as measured by receipt of SES)...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328895/what-is-the-hepatitis-b-vaccination-regimen-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#3
Kheng Yong Ong, Hong Yun Wong, Giat Yeng Khee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328508/serologic-responses-and-effectiveness-of-hepatitis-a-vaccination-among-hiv-positive-individuals-during-the-outbreak-of-acute-hepatitis-a
#4
Kuan-Yin Lin, Szu-Min Hsieh, Hsin-Yun Sun, Yi-Chun Lo, Wang-Huei Sheng, Yu-Chung Chuang, Aristine Cheng, Sung-Ching Pan, Guan-Jhou Chen, Chien-Ching Hung, Shan-Chwen Chang
Outbreaks of hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection have been occurring among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Asia-Pacific region, the United States, and several European countries since June 2015, and recently among persons who are homeless and use illicit drugs in the US. We evaluated the serologic responses and effectiveness of HAV vaccination in HIV-positive individuals during the outbreak in Taiwan. From June 1, 2015 to September 30, 2016, anti-HAV IgG was prospectively determined among all HIV-positive individuals...
January 12, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328393/paediatric-virology-and-its-interaction-between-basic-science-and-clinical-practice-review
#5
Ioannis N Mammas, Anne Greenough, Maria Theodoridou, Anna Kramvis, Maria Rusan, Angeliki Melidou, Paraskevi Korovessi, Georgia Papaioannou, Alexia Papatheodoropoulou, Chryssie Koutsaftiki, Maria Liston, George Sourvinos, Demetrios A Spandidos
The 3rd Workshop on Paediatric Virology, which took place on October 7th, 2017 in Athens, Greece, highlighted the role of breast feeding in the prevention of viral infections during the first years of life. Moreover, it focused on the long-term outcomes of respiratory syncytial virus and rhinovirus infections in prematurely born infants and emphasised the necessity for the development of relevant preventative strategies. Other topics that were covered included the vaccination policy in relation to the migration crisis, mother‑to‑child transmission of hepatitis B and C viruses, vaccination against human papilloma viruses in boys and advances on intranasal live‑attenuated vaccination against influenza...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326823/lichen-planus-following-tetanus-diphtheria-acellular-pertussis-vaccination-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Heather C Rosengard, Chikoti M Wheat, Matthew P Tilson, Jonathan D Cuda
Lichen planus is an inflammatory dermatosis with a prevalence of approximately 1%. Recent meta-analyses show that patients with hepatitis C virus have a 2.5- to 4.5-fold increased risk of developing lichen planus. Lichen planus has also followed vaccinations and has specifically been attributed to the hepatitis B vaccine, the influenza vaccine, and the tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis vaccine. We describe a case of lichen planus in a hepatitis C virus-infected African American male occurring in temporal association with the administration of the tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis vaccine...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326373/hepatitis-a-infections-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-using-hiv-prep-in-paris
#7
Pauline Penot, Marie-Alice Colombier, Sarah Maylin, Jean-Michel Molina
The current hepatitis A outbreak in Europe is largely involving men having sex with multiple male partners. The objective of the present report was to warn teams dealing against the persistent risk of viral and bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STIs) in patients receiving HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). We have notified and investigated three cases of acute hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection in people receiving HIV PrEP in our clinic between December 2016 and March 2017. The patients were not epidemiologically related, had no recent travel history to HAV endemic areas, reported multiple STIs during this period and had not been vaccinated against HAV...
January 11, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325605/establishment-of-detection-antibodies-brrs-batch-4-for-in-vitro-potency-assay-of%C3%A2-hepatitis-a-vaccines-by-elisa
#8
S Morgeaux, A Koy, I Manniam, E Regourd, P Variot, A Costanzo
The European Pharmacopoeia (Ph. Eur.) standard ELISA method for determination of antigen content of hepatitis A vaccines (HAV) requires specific coating and detection Biological Reference Reagents (BRRs). The 3rd batch of detection antibodies BRRs was established in 2015 for use in conjunction with the Ph. Eur. general chapter 2.7.14 'Assay of hepatitis A vaccine'. Stocks of these BRRs were running low and therefore the European Directorate for the Quality of Medicines & HealthCare (EDQM) organised a collaborative study to qualify replacement batches...
2018: Pharmeuropa Bio & Scientific Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325485/hepatitis-a-immunisation-need-in-nursing-students-in-turkey
#9
Çiğdem Kader, Ayşe Erbay, Nazan Kılıç Akça, Selda Yüzer Alsaç, Sevinç Polat
Hepatitis A is a worldwide vaccine-preventable infection. The aim of our study was to determine the serological status of hepatitis A virus (HAV) among first-year nursing students in Turkey. A sample of 423 students was used and immunoglobulin G antibodies against HAV were determined quantitatively by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay on each. Overall, 84.6% had no immunity to HAV, making them at risk for HAV, and so susceptible to nosocomial transmission. Nursing students who work in high-risk wards must be vaccinated against hepatitis A...
January 1, 2018: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325483/characterization-of-vaccination-policies-for-attendance-and-employment-at-day-summer-camps-in-new-york-state
#10
William A Prescott, Kelsey C Violanti, Nicholas M Fusco
INTRODUCTION: New York state requires day/summer camps to keep immunization records for all enrolled campers and strongly recommends requiring vaccination for all campers and staff. The objective of this study was to characterize immunization requirements/recommendations for children/adolescents enrolled in and staff employed at day/summer camps in New York state. METHODS: An electronic hyperlink to a 9-question survey instrument was distributed via e-mail to 178 day/summer camps located in New York state cities with a population size greater than 100 000 people...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324800/hepcidin-deficiency-and-iron-deficiency-do-not-alter-tuberculosis-susceptibility-in-a-murine-m-tb-infection-model
#11
Rachel Harrington-Kandt, Elena Stylianou, Lucy A Eddowes, Pei Jin Lim, Lisa Stockdale, Nawamin Pinpathomrat, Naomi Bull, Janet Pasricha, Marta Ulaszewska, Yulia Beglov, Sophie Vaulont, Hal Drakesmith, Helen McShane
Tuberculosis (TB), caused by the macrophage-tropic pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) is a highly prevalent infectious disease. Since an immune correlate of protection or effective vaccine have yet to be found, continued research into host-pathogen interactions is important. Previous literature reports links between host iron status and disease outcome for many infections, including TB. For some extracellular bacteria, the iron regulatory hormone hepcidin is essential for protection against infection...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322922/analysis-of-viral-diversity-for-vaccine-target-discovery
#12
Asif M Khan, Yongli Hu, Olivo Miotto, Natascha M Thevasagayam, Rashmi Sukumaran, Hadia Syahirah Abd Raman, Vladimir Brusic, Tin Wee Tan, J Thomas August
BACKGROUND: Viral vaccine target discovery requires understanding the diversity of both the virus and the human immune system. The readily available and rapidly growing pool of viral sequence data in the public domain enable the identification and characterization of immune targets relevant to adaptive immunity. A systematic bioinformatics approach is necessary to facilitate the analysis of such large datasets for selection of potential candidate vaccine targets. RESULTS: This work describes a computational methodology to achieve this analysis, with data of dengue, West Nile, hepatitis A, HIV-1, and influenza A viruses as examples...
December 21, 2017: BMC Medical Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322328/vaccination-titres-pre-and-post-transplant-in-paediatric-renal-transplant-recipients-and-the-impact-of-immunosuppressive-therapy
#13
Britta Höcker, Martin Aguilar, Paul Schnitzler, Lars Pape, Martin Bald, Jens König, Stephen D Marks, Gurkan Genc, Anja Büscher, Markus J Kemper, Heiko Billing, Martin Pohl, Luca Dello Strologo, Nicholas J A Webb, Susanne Rieger, Annette Mankertz, Kai Krupka, Thomas Bruckner, Alexander Fichtner, Burkhard Tönshoff
BACKGROUND: Avoidance of vaccine-preventable infections in paediatric renal allograft recipients is of utmost importance. However, the development and maintenance of protective vaccination titres may be impaired in this patient population owing to their need for immunosuppressive medication. METHODS: In the framework of the Cooperative European Paediatric Renal Transplant Initiative (CERTAIN), we therefore performed a multi-centre, multi-national study and analysed vaccination titres pre- and post-transplant in 155 patients with serial titre measurements in comparison with published data in healthy children...
January 10, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320280/opioids-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-and-the-missing-vaccine
#14
Kimberly Page, Andrea Cox, Paula J Lum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318757/knowledge-gaps-and-research-priorities-in-the-prevention-and-control-of-hepatitis-e-virus-infection
#15
W H M Van der Poel, H R Dalton, R Johne, N Pavio, M Bouwknegt, T Wu, N Cook, X J Meng
Hepatitis E virus (HEV), family Hepeviridae, is a main cause of epidemic hepatitis in developing countries and sporadic and cluster cases of hepatitis in industrialized countries. There are an increasing number of reported cases in humans especially in industrialized countries, and there is a high potential for transboundary spread of zoonotic genotypes of the virus through the transport of pigs, pig products and by-products. Bloodborne transmission of the virus has been reported with a significant medical concern...
January 10, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318526/evaluation-of-the-protection-provided-by-hepatitis-b-vaccination-in-india
#16
Jacob Puliyel, Pathik Naik, Ashish Puliyel, Kishore Agarwal, Vandana Lal, Nimmi Kansal, Devki Nandan, Vikas Tripathi, Prashant Tyagi, Saroj K Singh, Rajeev Srivastava, Utkarsh Sharma, V Sreenivas
OBJECTIVE: In India, Hepatitis B vaccination is recommended at 6 wk except for hospital-deliveries. The authors examined protection afforded by the birth dose. METHODS: A case-control study was done. HBsAg and HBcAb were tested in 2671 children, 1 to 5 y and HBsAb was evaluated in a subset of 1413 children. Vaccination history was recorded. Cases were HBsAg carriers. In another analysis, children who got infected (HBsAg and/or HBcAb positive) were considered as cases...
January 10, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317556/hepatitis-b-vaccination-strategy-in-hiv-infected-children
#17
Pooja Dewan, Piyush Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316579/-management-of-compensated-liver-cirrhosis-2018-evidence-based-prophylactic-measures
#18
Kathrin Karkmann, Felix Piecha, Anna Caterina Rünzi, Lisa Schulz, Moritz von Wulffen, Daniel Benten, Johannes Kluwe, Henning Wege
In 2015, more than 13 000 people died due to the consequences of liver cirrhosis in Germany. Frequently, relevant liver fibrosis is diagnosed by non-invasive methods (e. g., ultrasound-based measurement of liver stiffness) already in the compensated stage. Following diagnosis of liver fibrosis, a thorough investigation of the underlying chronic liver disease and effective treatment are important to prevent progression to decompensated cirrhosis. Since morbidity and mortality dramatically increase in the decompensated stage (patients may present with jaundice, ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, gastrointestinal bleeding) with an upsurge in 1-year-mortality from 1 - 3...
January 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316037/development-of-a-recombinant-murine-tumor-model-using-hepatoma-cells-expressing-hepatitis-c-virus-hcv-non-structural-antigens
#19
K Young, K Haq, S MacLean, R Dudani, S M Elahi, R Gilbert, R Weeratna, L Krishnan
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) chronically infects 2-3% of the world's population, causing liver disease and cancer with prolonged infection. The narrow host range of the virus, being restricted largely to human hepatocytes, has made the development of a relevant infection and reliable model to evaluate the efficacy of vaccines a challenge. We have developed a novel approach to accomplish this by generating a murine hepatoma cell line stably expressing non-structural HCV antigens which can be used in vitro or in vivo to test HCV vaccine efficacies...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315661/what-is-changed-in-hbv-molecular-epidemiology-in-italy
#20
REVIEW
Alessia Lai, Caterina Sagnelli, Alessandra Lo Presti, Eleonora Cella, Silvia Angeletti, Silvia Spoto, Sebastiano Costantino, Evangelista Sagnelli, Massimo Ciccozzi
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection represents the most common cause of chronic liver diseases worldwide. Consequently, to the introduction of the universal HBV vaccination program, the prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen was markedly reduced and less than 1% of the population of Western Europe and North America is chronically infected. To date, despite great advances in therapeutics, HBV chronic infection is considered an incurable disease. Ten hepatitis B virus genotypes (A-J) and several subgenotypes have been identified so far, based on intergroup divergences of 8% and 4%, respectively, in the complete viral genome...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
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