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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541080/state-special-education-criteria-for-identifying-intellectual-disability-a-review-following-revised-diagnostic-criteria-and-rosa-s-law
#1
Patrick J McNicholas, Randy G Floyd, Isaac L Woods, Leah J Singh, Meredith S Manguno, Kathrin E Maki
Across the last century, the condition known as intellectual disability (ID) has been labeled by assorted terms, its key features have varied, and recommendations for its identification have been divided. In light of recent changes to the diagnostic criteria for ID and to federal legislation, this study was designed to compile and summarize information about the state special education criteria for this condition and its associated assessment process, as they guide school-based and associated practices. Authors independently double-coded components of all ID regulations and guidelines from the 50 United States and the District of Columbia in pairs, which was then checked and corrected for inconsistencies...
May 25, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539425/perceptual-competition-promotes-suppression-of-reward-salience-in-behavioral-selection-and-neural-representation
#2
Mengyuan Gong, Ke Jia, Sheng Li
Visual attentional selection is influenced by the value of objects. Previous studies have demonstrated that reward-associated items lead to rapid distraction and associated behavioral costs, which are difficult to override with top-down control. However, it has not been determined whether a perceptually competitive environment could render the reward-driven distraction more susceptible to top-down suppression. Here, we trained both genders of human subjects to associate two orientations with high and low magnitudes of reward...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539167/what-do-working-menopausal-women-want-a-qualitative-investigation-into-women-s-perspectives-on-employer-and-line-manager-support
#3
Claire Hardy, Amanda Griffiths, Myra S Hunter
OBJECTIVES: To explore women's perspectives on what employers and managers should and should not do in relation to women going through the menopause. METHODS: An online questionnaire was used to collect qualitative data in a cross-sectional study of working women. Three open-ended questions asked peri- and post-menopausal women, aged 45-65 years: (i) what they thought employers could do, or should do, to help menopausal women who may be experiencing difficult menopausal symptoms at work; (ii) how managers should behave; and (iii) how managers should not behave towards women going through the menopause...
July 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535519/development-of-the-new-kibou%C3%A2-equipment-for-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-from-scratch-to-the-final-configuration
#4
Mauro Neri, Anna Lorenzin, Alessandra Brendolan, Francesco Garzotto, Fiorenza Ferrari, Silvia De Rosa, Raffaele Bonato, Gianluca Villa, Simona Bazzano, Fiorella D''Ippoliti, Zaccaria Ricci, Gaetano La Manna, Claudio Ronco
A new technology has recently appeared in the area of extracorporeal therapies for critically ill patients with acute kidney injury. The International Renal Research Institute of Vicenza was involved from the beginning in the development of a new continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) equipment with peculiar characteristics. We report the overall experience from design of the new machine to its in vitro and in vivo testing. Kibou® (Asahi Kasei Kuraray Medical Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan) is a new multifunctional machine designed for delivering RRT...
2017: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535358/effectiveness-of-peers-in-delivering-programs-or-motivating-older-people-to-increase-their-participation-in-physical-activity-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Elissa Burton, Kaela Farrier, Keith D Hill, Jim Codde, Phil Airey, Anne-Marie Hill
The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness of peers to deliver programs or encourage older people to be physically active and improve physical outcomes. Peer reviewed articles published in English between January 1976 and June 2016, retrieved from six databases according to the predefined inclusion criteria were included. Where possible results were pooled and meta-analyses conducted. Eighteen articles were included in the review, a total of 3,492 intervention participants, average age 66...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535315/early-career-outcomes-of-family-medicine-residency-graduates-exposed-to-innovative-flexible-longitudinal-tracks
#6
Richard A Young, Dan Casey, Diana Singer, Elaine Waller, Patricia A Carney
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Preparing the Personal Physician for Practice (P4) project used a case series design to study innovations in the content, length, structure, and location of residency training in 14 geographically diverse family medicine programs between 2007 and 2012. We aimed to explore how offering flexible longitudinal tracks (FLT) affected graduates' scope of practice, particularly in maternal child health (MCH), which included at least 17 months of focused training that increased each year over 4 years...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529213/effective-strategies-for-affordable-care-act-enrollment-in-immigrant-serving-safety-net-clinics-in-new-mexico
#7
Christina M Getrich, Jacqueline M García, Angélica Solares, Miria Kano
In the new Affordable Care Act (ACA) health care environment, safety-net institutions continue to serve as important sources of culturally appropriate care for different groups of immigrant patients. This article reports on a qualitative study examining the early ACA enrollment experiences of a range of health care providers (n = 29) in six immigrant-serving safety-net clinics in New Mexico. The six clinics configured their ACA enrollment strategies differently with regard to operations, staffing, and outreach...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527424/influence-of-chronic-stretching-on-muscle-performance-systematic-review
#8
D M Medeiros, C S Lima
The aim of the current study was to investigate the influence of chronic stretching on muscle performance (MP) by a systematic review. The search strategy included MEDLINE, PEDro, Cochrane CENTRAL, LILACS, and manual search from inception to June 2016. Randomized and controlled clinical trials, non-randomized, and single group studies that have analyzed the influence of flexibility training (FT) (using any stretching technique) on MP were included. Differently, studies with special populations (children, elderly, and people with any dysfunction/disease), and articles that have used FT protocols shorter than three weeks or 12 sessions were excluded...
May 17, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526634/microsurgery-simulation-training-system-and-set-up-an-essential-system-to-complement-every-training-programme
#9
Dhalia Masud, Nadine Haram, Margarita Moustaki, Whitney Chow, Samer Saour, Pari Naz Mohanna
INTRODUCTION: Microsurgical techniques are essential in plastic surgery; however, inconsistent training practices, acquiring these skills can be difficult. To address this, we designed a standardised laboratory-based microsurgical training programme, which allows trainees to develop their dexterity, visuospatial ability, operative flow and judgement as separate components. METHOD: Thirty trainees completed an initial microsurgical anastomosis on a chicken femoral artery, assessed using the structured assessment of microsurgical skills (SAMS) method...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523961/chronotype-and-response-to-training-during-the-polar-night-a-pilot-study
#10
Jacopo Antonino Vitale, Eva Bjoerkesett, Andrea Campana, Giacomo Panizza, Andi Weydahl
BACKGROUND: An individual's chronotype influences his or her physiological rhythms. Some studies have looked at the effect of time of day on the responses to exercise, but studies on the effect of long-term training are lacking. OBJECTIVE:  To report the effects of an 8-week training period during the polar night in non-athletes of different chronotypes living at 70°N. DESIGN:  In all, 10 morning (M), 10 neither (N) and 10 evening (E) types were recruited, and their aerobic capacity (VO2max), strength, flexibility and balance before and after the training period were tested...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521714/development-and-implementation-of-the-dhapp-military-ehealth-information-network-system
#11
Mary Kratz, Anne Thomas, Ricardo Hora, Delphis Vera, Mickey Lutz, Mark D Johnson
As the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, the Global Fund, and the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief focus on reaching 90-90-90 goals, military health systems are scaling up to meet the data demands of these ambitious objectives. Since 2008, the US Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program (DHAPP) has been working with military partners in 14 countries on implementation and adoption of a Military eHealth Information Network (MeHIN). Each country implementation plan followed a structured process using international eHealth standards...
May 16, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521247/cognitive-performance-of-juvenile-monkeys-after-chronic-fluoxetine-treatment
#12
Mari S Golub, Edward P Hackett, Casey E Hogrefe, Csaba Leranth, John D Elsworth, Robert H Roth
Potential long term effects on brain development are a concern when drugs are used to treat depression and anxiety in childhood. In this study, male juvenile rhesus monkeys (three-four years of age) were dosed with fluoxetine or vehicle (N=16/group) for two years. Histomorphometric examination of cortical dendritic spines conducted after euthanasia at one year postdosing (N=8/group) suggested a trend toward greater dendritic spine synapse density in prefrontal cortex of the fluoxetine-treated monkeys. During dosing, subjects were trained for automated cognitive testing, and evaluated with a test of sustained attention...
May 1, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518122/dorsal-root-ganglion-injection-and-dorsal-root-crush-injury-as-a-model-for-sensory-axon-regeneration
#13
Menghon Cheah, James W Fawcett, Melissa R Andrews
Achieving axon regeneration after nervous system injury is a challenging task. As different parts of the central nervous system (CNS) differ from each other anatomically, it is important to identify an appropriate model to use for the study of axon regeneration. By using a suitable model, we can formulate a specific treatment based on the severity of injury, the neuronal cell type of interest, and the desired spinal tract for assessing regeneration. Within the sensory pathway, DRG neurons are responsible for relaying sensory information from the periphery to the CNS...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516347/uniting-the-pre-health-humanities-with-the-introductory-composition-course
#14
Amy Rubens
Drawing on my experiences at a teaching-focused university, I show how locating the health humanities in first-year or introductory composition courses improves learning and offers an economical, flexible, and far-reaching approach to bringing a health humanities education to all baccalaureate-level learners, regardless of whether they aspire to careers in the health professions. In terms of improving learning, health humanities composition courses support the disciplinary aims of both fields. Accessible, relevant issues in the health humanities, such as interventions in health debates or representations of illness and healthcare settings, nourish the cognitive and social conditions needed to develop college-level writing skills...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515181/measuring-ability-to-assess-claims-about-treatment-effects-the-development-of-the-claim-evaluation-tools
#15
Astrid Austvoll-Dahlgren, Daniel Semakula, Allen Nsangi, Andrew David Oxman, Iain Chalmers, Sarah Rosenbaum, Øystein Guttersrud
OBJECTIVES: To describe the development of the Claim Evaluation Tools, a set of flexible items to measure people's ability to assess claims about treatment effects. SETTING: Methodologists and members of the community (including children) in Uganda, Rwanda, Kenya, Norway, the UK and Australia. PARTICIPANTS: In the iterative development of the items, we used purposeful sampling of people with training in research methodology, such as teachers of evidence-based medicine, as well as patients and members of the public from low-income and high-income countries...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513056/lessons-learned-from-a-pilot-study-of-an-indigenous-patient-navigator-intervention-in-queensland-australia
#16
C M Bernardes, J Martin, P Cole, T Kitchener, G Cowburn, G Garvey, E Walpole, P C Valery
Indigenous patient navigator (IPN) programmes show promise in addressing barriers to cancer care and facilitation of patient self-efficacy. The purpose of this paper is to describe and reflect upon the experience of training an IPN and implementation of the intervention in the Australian context with Indigenous cancer patients. Randomised clinical trial might provide the best available evaluation measure of an intervention but caution should be taken in the implementation process. Socio-cultural aspects and training can affect the conduct of this type of intervention...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511791/-usefulness-of-the-budget-and-the-balanced-scorecard-in-managing-primary-care-centres-impact-on-staff-motivation
#17
Juan Manuel Ramón-Jerónimo, Raquel Flórez-López, Natalia Domínguez-Lario
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the utility perceived by managers of centers of primary care about management tools (budget and balanced scorecard), together their impact on human resources motivation. DESIGN: Qualitative study (case study) based on grounded theory performed between January and June 2014. LOCATION: Units of Clinical Management of Primary Health (UGCAP) in Metropolitan Health Area of Seville, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: UGCAP managers and Health Area (CEO) managers...
May 13, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509591/current-practice-constraints-in-the-uptake-and-use-of-intensive-upper-extremity-training-a-canadian-perspective
#18
Keiko Shikako-Thomas, Darcy Fehlings, Manon Germain, Andrew M Gordon, Doug Maynard, Annette Majnemer
BACKGROUND: Intensive upper extremity training (IUET) has demonstrated efficacy in clinical and functioning outcomes in children with hemiplegia. However, implementation in the clinical context requires novel service models and knowledge translation. AIMS: To map implementation of IUET in Canada, to identify factors associated with the implementation and best practices for implementation. METHODS: Mixed-methods design; descriptive statistics, chi-square tests...
May 16, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506641/guiding-multimodal-registration-with-learned-optimization-updates
#19
Benjamin Gutierrez-Becker, Diana Mateus, Loic Peter, Nassir Navab
In this paper, we address the multimodal registration problem from a novel perspective, aiming to predict the transformation aligning images directly from their visual appearance. We formulate the prediction as a supervised regression task, with joint image descriptors as input and the output are the parameters of the transformation that guide the moving image towards alignment. We model the joint local appearance with context aware descriptors that capture both local and global cues simultaneously in the two modalities, while the regression function is based on the gradient boosted trees method capable of handling the very large contextual feature space...
May 6, 2017: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506143/future-focused-therapeutic-strategies-for-integrative-health
#20
Moshe S Torem
For many years, the therapy field was dominated by a focus on the past. In this context, many clinicians were trained to use hypnosis as a tool to explore the past, and there is a rich literature documenting the use of hypnosis as a tool to induce age regression and the uncovering of traumatic memories. This article presents a therapeutic paradigm that focuses on the future. Hypnosis is used to induce creativity, flexibility, and openness to the future. In the context of health care, hypnosis is used to explore the best possible treatment outcome, which may be pharmacological, surgical, or a combination of both as well as other nonsurgical interventions...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
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