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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213185/a-comparative-study-of-photogrammetric-methods-using-panoramic-photography-in-a-forensic-context
#1
Kayleigh Sheppard, John P Cassella, Sarah Fieldhouse
Taking measurements of a scene is an integral aspect of the crime scene documentation process, and accepted limits of accuracy for taking measurements at a crime scene vary throughout the world. In the UK, there is no published accepted limit of accuracy, whereas the United States has an accepted limit of accuracy of 0.25 inch. As part of the International organisation for Standardisation 17020 accreditation competency testing is required for all work conducted at the crime scene. As part of this, all measuring devices need to be calibrated within known tolerances in order to meet the required standard, and measurements will be required to have a clearly defined limit of accuracy...
February 4, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212101/fast-solving-quasi-optimal-ls-s-%C3%A2-vm-based-on-an-extended-candidate-set
#2
Yuefeng Ma, Xun Liang, James T Kwok, Jianping Li, Xiaoping Zhou, Haiyan Zhang
The semisupervised least squares support vector machine (LS-S³VM) is an important enhancement of least squares support vector machines in semisupervised learning. Given that most data collected from the real world are without labels, semisupervised approaches are more applicable than standard supervised approaches. Although a few training methods for LS-S³VM exist, the problem of deriving the optimal decision hyperplane efficiently and effectually has not been solved. In this paper, a fully weighted model of LS-S³VM is proposed, and a simple integer programming (IP) model is introduced through an equivalent transformation to solve the model...
February 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212086/salient-object-detection-via-multiple-instance-learning
#3
Fang Huang, Qi Jinqing, Huchuan Lu, Lihe Zhang, Xiang Ruan
Object proposals are a series of candidate segments containing objects of interest, which are taken as preprocessing and widely applied in various vision tasks. However, most of existing saliency approaches only utilize the proposals to compute a location prior. In this paper, we naturally take the proposals as the bags of instances of multiple instance learning (MIL), where the instances are the superpixels contained in the proposals, and formulate saliency detection problem as a MIL task (i.e., predict the labels of instances using the classifier in the MIL framework)...
February 15, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210652/prevention-of-hamstring-injuries-in-collegiate-sprinters
#4
Yusaku Sugiura, Kazuhiko Sakuma, Keishoku Sakuraba, Yamato Sato
BACKGROUND: No studies have been reported on how strength, agility, and flexibility training reduce the occurrence of hamstring injuries in sprinters. Therefore, a program for preventing hamstring injury in these athletes has not been established. PURPOSE: To document the incidence of hamstring injuries during times when different prevention strategies were employed to see whether a particular prevention program reduced their occurrence. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208694/novel-hierarchical-fall-detection-algorithm-using-a-multiphase-fall-model
#5
Chia-Yeh Hsieh, Kai-Chun Liu, Chih-Ning Huang, Woei-Chyn Chu, Chia-Tai Chan
Falls are the primary cause of accidents for the elderly in the living environment. Reducing hazards in the living environment and performing exercises for training balance and muscles are the common strategies for fall prevention. However, falls cannot be avoided completely; fall detection provides an alarm that can decrease injuries or death caused by the lack of rescue. The automatic fall detection system has opportunities to provide real-time emergency alarms for improving the safety and quality of home healthcare services...
February 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207671/a-silver-medal-winner-at-the-13th-world-wu-shu-championship-2015-17-months-after-selective-thoracic-fusion-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-case-report
#6
Chris Yin Wei Chan, Izzuddin Aziz, Fong Wei Chai, Mun Keong Kwan
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVE: To report the successful rehabilitation and the training progress of an elite high performance martial art exponent after selective thoracic fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Posterior spinal fusion for AIS will result in loss of spinal flexibility. The process of rehabilitation after posterior spinal fusion for AIS remains controversial and there are few reports of return to elite sports performance after posterior spinal fusion for AIS...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205602/a-new-joint-blade-sense-reconstruction-for-accelerated-propeller-mri
#7
Mengye Lyu, Yilong Liu, Victor B Xie, Yanqiu Feng, Hua Guo, Ed X Wu
PROPELLER technique is widely used in MRI examinations for being motion insensitive, but it prolongs scan time and is restricted mainly to T2 contrast. Parallel imaging can accelerate PROPELLER and enable more flexible contrasts. Here, we propose a multi-step joint-blade (MJB) SENSE reconstruction to reduce the noise amplification in parallel imaging accelerated PROPELLER. MJB SENSE utilizes the fact that PROPELLER blades contain sharable information and blade-combined images can serve as regularization references...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203631/a-different-kind-of-weapon-focus-simulated-training-with-ballistic-weapons-reduces-change-blindness
#8
J Eric T Taylor, Jessica K Witt, Jay Pratt
Attentional allocation is flexibly altered by action-related priorities. Given that tools - and specifically weapons - can affect attentional allocation, we asked whether training with a weapon or holding a weapon during search would affect change detection. In three experiments, participants searched for changes to agents, shootable objects, or environments in the popular flicker paradigm. Participants trained with a simulated weapon or watched a video from the same training perspective and then searched for changes while holding a weapon or a control object...
2017: Cogn Res Princ Implic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198674/sequence-specific-bias-correction-for-rna-seq-data-using-recurrent-neural-networks
#9
Yao-Zhong Zhang, Rui Yamaguchi, Seiya Imoto, Satoru Miyano
BACKGROUND: The recent success of deep learning techniques in machine learning and artificial intelligence has stimulated a great deal of interest among bioinformaticians, who now wish to bring the power of deep learning to bare on a host of bioinformatical problems. Deep learning is ideally suited for biological problems that require automatic or hierarchical feature representation for biological data when prior knowledge is limited. In this work, we address the sequence-specific bias correction problem for RNA-seq data redusing Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs) to model nucleotide sequences without pre-determining sequence structures...
January 25, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198196/isolating-the-unique-effects-of-the-unified-protocol-treatment-modules-using-single-case-experimental-design
#10
Shannon Sauer-Zavala, Clair Cassiello-Robbins, Laren R Conklin, Jacqueline R Bullis, Johanna Thompson-Hollands, Katherine A Kennedy
The Unified Protocol (UP) for the Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders is a cognitive-behavioral intervention designed to treat the range of anxiety, depressive, and related disorders. Thus far, the UP treatment modules have only been studied when they are delivered in their entirety and presented in a standard sequence. To personalize the presentation of the UP modules for a given patient's presentation (e.g., providing the modules in a varied order, dropping irrelevant modules), it is first necessary to establish that each module leads to change in the skill it is designed to promote, and that these changes can occur in the absence of the other modules...
March 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195962/ebus-stat-subscore-analysis-to-predict-the-efficacy-and-assess-the-validity-of-virtual-reality-simulation-for-ebus-tbna-training-among-experienced-bronchoscopists
#11
Simone Scarlata, Patrizio Palermo, Piero Candoli, Ariela Tofani, Tommasangelo Petitti, Lorenzo Corbetta
BACKGROUND: Linear endobronchial ultrasound transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) represents a pivotal innovation in interventional pulmonology; determining the best approach to guarantee systematic and efficient training is expected to become a main issue in the forthcoming years. Virtual reality simulators have been proposed as potential EBUS-TBNA training instruments, to avoid unskilled beginners practicing directly in real-life settings. A validated and perfected simulation program could be used before allowing beginners to practice on patients...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187143/the-relation-between-exercise-and-glaucoma-in-a-south-korean-population-based-sample
#12
Shuai-Chun Lin, Sophia Y Wang, Louis R Pasquale, Kuldev Singh, Shan C Lin
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between exercise and glaucoma in a South Korean population-based sample. DESIGN: Population-based, cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 11,246 subjects, 40 years and older who underwent health care assessment as part of the 2008-2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. METHODS: Variables regarding the duration (total minutes per week), frequency (days per week), and intensity of exercise (vigorous, moderate exercise and walking) as well as glaucoma prevalence were ascertained for 11,246 survey participants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185584/unlocking-community-capability-through-promotion-of-self-help-for-health-experience-from-chakaria-bangladesh
#13
Abbas Bhuiya, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Shahidul Hoque
BACKGROUND: People's participation in health, enshrined in the 1978 Alma Ata declaration, seeks to tap into community capability for better health and empowerment. One mechanism to promote participation in health is through participatory action research (PAR) methods. Beginning in 1994, the Bangladeshi research organization ICDDR,B implemented a project "self-help for health," to work with existing rural self-help organizations (SHOs). SHOs are organizations formed by villagers for their well-being through their own initiatives without external material help...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184065/critical-appraisal-skills-teaching-in-uk-dental-schools
#14
B Hong, E Plugge
Key publications on training in dentistry, including the latest version of the General Dental Council learning outcomes for dentists, recognise the importance of teaching evidence-based practice for dental students. However, dental curriculum designers have considerable flexibility on the scope and approach for teaching evidence-based dentistry (EBD) and there is no readily available information showing how EBD is taught across the dental schools in the United Kingdom (UK). Critical appraisal is one of the key steps of evidence-based decision making and so we investigated through an electronic survey whether and how critical appraisal skills (CAS) are taught and assessed across the UK dental schools...
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182651/a-comprehensive-software-suite-for-protein-family-construction-and-functional-site-prediction
#15
David Renfrew Haft, Daniel H Haft
In functionally diverse protein families, conservation in short signature regions may outperform full-length sequence comparisons for identifying proteins that belong to a subgroup within which one specific aspect of their function is conserved. The SIMBAL workflow (Sites Inferred by Metabolic Background Assertion Labeling) is a data-mining procedure for finding such signature regions. It begins by using clues from genomic context, such as co-occurrence or conserved gene neighborhoods, to build a useful training set from a large number of uncharacterized but mutually homologous proteins...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178926/framework-for-the-establishment-of-a-feasible-tailored-and-effective-perinatal-education-programme
#16
Isabel Artieta-Pinedo, Carmen Paz-Pascual, Gonzalo Grandes, Maite Espinosa
BACKGROUND: Antenatal education needs to be renewed and adapted to the needs of women. OBJECTIVES: to assess women needs, identify factors that influence the desired outcomes, and propose a framework for developing new perinatal education based on the guidance published by the UK Medical Research Council for the development and evaluation of complex interventions in primary care. METHODS: For this study: (a) four focus group sessions were held from October to November 2010 in Bizkaia (Spain) with 30 women exploring their needs during pregnancy and postpartum; (b) two literature reviews were conducted on women's needs at these times and theoretical models of healthcare education; and (c) seven discussion and consensus sessions were run with a group of experts composed of midwifes, gynaecologists, paediatricians, and paediatric and postpartum nurses...
February 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178355/effects-of-exercise-training-on-circulating-levels-of-dickkpof-1-and-secreted-frizzled-related-protein-1-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-pilot-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Tae Ho Kim, Jae Seung Chang, Kyu-Sang Park, Jeeyeon Park, Nahyun Kim, Jong In Lee, In Deok Kong
BACKGROUND: Wingless and integration site growth factor (Wnt) signaling is a tumorigenesis-related signaling pathway. Dickkpof-1 (DKK1) and secreted frizzled-related protein-1 (SFRP1) are endogenous negative regulators of Wnt/β-catenin signaling. Accumulating evidence indicates that higher serum levels of DKK1 are correlated with poor prognosis of various types of cancer. Here, we investigated whether exercise training causes changes in the serum levels of DKK1 and SFRP1 in patients with breast cancer...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173929/postflight-reconditioning-for-european-astronauts-a-case-report-of-recovery-after-six-months-in-space
#18
Nora Petersen, Gunda Lambrecht, Jonathan Scott, Natalie Hirsch, Maria Stokes, Joachim Mester
BACKGROUND: Postflight reconditioning of astronauts is understudied. Despite a rigorous, daily inflight exercise countermeasures programme during six months in microgravity (μG) on-board the International Space Station (ISS), physiological impairments occur and postflight reconditioning is still required on return to Earth. Such postflight programmes are implemented by space agency reconditioning specialists. Case Description and Assessments: A 38 year old male European Space Agency (ESA) crewmember's pre- and postflight (at six and 21 days after landing) physical performance from a six-month mission to ISS are described...
January 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169148/risk-factors-that-predict-severe-injuries-in-university-rugby-sevens-players
#19
Rezvan Mirsafaei Rizi, Simon S Yeung, Nathan J Stewart, Ella W Yeung
OBJECTIVES: To investigate injury incidence and the influence of physical fitness parameters on the risk of severe injuries in players on rugby sevens university teams. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Rugby players from three universities (N=104; 90M:14F; 20.6±1.9years) were recruited before the beginning of the season. Players underwent pre-season assessments of power, strength, speed, agility, endurance, stability, and flexibility...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166575/impact-of-potential-accreditation-and-certification-in-family-medicine-maternity-care
#20
Aimee R Eden, Lars E Peterson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Advanced maternity care training in family medicine is highly variable at both the residency and fellowship levels. Declining numbers of family physicians providing maternity care services may exacerbate disparities in access to maternal and child care, especially in rural and other underserved communities. Accreditation of maternity care fellowships and board certification may be one potential avenue to address this trend. This study sought to understand the perceptions and beliefs of key family medicine stakeholders in advanced maternity care regarding the formalization of maternity care training through fellowship accreditation and the creation of a certificate of added qualification (CAQ)...
January 2017: Family Medicine
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