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Flexibility training

Janya McCalman, Roxanne Bainbridge, Catherine Brown, Komla Tsey, Adele Clarke
Introduction: Spreading proven or promising Aboriginal health programs and implementing them in new settings can make cost-effective contributions to a range of Aboriginal Australian development, health and wellbeing, and educational outcomes. Studies have theorized the implementation of Aboriginal health programs but have not focused explicitly on the conditions that influenced their spread. This study examined the broader political, institutional, social and economic conditions that influenced negotiations to transfer, implement, adapt, and sustain one Aboriginal empowerment program-the Family Wellbeing (FWB) program-to at least 60 geographical sites across Australia over 24 years...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Nathan H Schumaker, Allen Brookes
Context: Simulation models are increasingly used in both theoretical and applied studies to explore system responses to natural and anthropogenic forcing functions, develop defensible predictions of future conditions, challenge simplifying assumptions that facilitated past research, and to train students in scientific concepts and technology. Researcher's increased use of simulation models has created a demand for new platforms that balance performance, utility, and flexibility. Objectives: We describe HexSim, a powerful new spatially-explicit, individual-based modeling framework that will have applications spanning diverse landscape settings, species, stressors, and disciplines (e...
February 1, 2018: Landscape Ecology
Miguel A Marioni, Marcos Penedo, Mirko Baćani, Johannes Schwenk, Hans Josef Hug
Mallinson's idea that some spin textures in planar magnetic structures could produce an enhancement of the magnetic flux on one side of the plane at the expense of the other gave rise to permanent magnet configurations known as Halbach magnet arrays. Applications range from wiggler magnets in particle accelerators and free electron lasers, to motors, to magnetic levitation trains, but exploiting Halbach arrays in micro- or nanoscale spintronics devices requires solving the problem of fabrication and field metrology below 100 μm size...
March 15, 2018: Nano Letters
Chisato Mine, Jun Saiki
Feature-reward association elicits value-driven attentional capture (VDAC) regardless of the task relevance of associated features. What are the necessary conditions for feature-reward associations in VDAC? Recent studies claim that VDAC is based on Pavlovian conditioning. In this study, we manipulated the temporal relationships among feature, response, and reward in reward learning to elucidate the necessary components of VDAC. We presented reward-associated features in a variety of locations in a flanker task to form a color-reward association (training phase) and then tested VDAC in a subsequent visual search task (test phase)...
March 14, 2018: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
Debbie L Croyden, Helen A Vidgen, Emma Esdaile, Emely Hernandez, Anthea Magarey, Carly J Moores, Lynne Daniels
BACKGROUND: PEACH™QLD translated the PEACH™ Program, designed to manage overweight/obesity in primary school-aged children, from efficacious RCT and small scale community trial to a larger state-wide program. This paper describes the lessons learnt when upscaling to universal health coverage. METHODS: The 6-month, family-focussed program was delivered in Queensland, Australia from 2013 to 2016. Its implementation was planned by researchers who developed the program and conducted the RCT, and experienced project managers and practitioners across the health continuum...
March 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
Jinbo Chen, Uwe Scholz, Ruonan Zhou, Matthias Lange
In order to access and filter content of life-science databases, full text search is a widely applied query interface. But its high flexibility and intuitiveness is paid for with potentially imprecise and incomplete query results. To reduce this drawback, query assistance systems suggest those combinations of keywords with the highest potential to match most of the relevant data records. Widespread approaches are syntactic query corrections that avoid misspelling and support expansion of words by suffixes and prefixes...
March 12, 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
Bernar Tan Wen Sheng, Patrick Wong, Constance Teo Ee Hoon
INTRODUCTION: Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis results in hoarseness, stridor and airway obstruction. Management is surgical, with most surgeons using microdebrider or laser. Transoral robotic surgery (TORS) has been successfully utilised for the excision of oropharyngeal malignancies and paediatric airway surgery. This is the first case report of TORS being used for the excision of laryngeal papillomas. CASE REPORT: A 36 year old Chinese female was diagnosed with juvenile onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis...
March 3, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Falk Leichsenring, Christiane Steinert
BACKGROUND: In psychotherapy research unified, transdiagnostic and modular treatments have emerged. This is true for both cognitive-behavioral therapy and psychodynamic therapy. Recently, two unified psychodynamic protocols were presented, one for anxiety disorders, another for depressive disorders. Integrating the treatment principles for these two highly prevalent disorder groups into one protocol for "emotional disorders" may be useful for both clinical practice and training in psychotherapy...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
Agathe D Jadczak, Naresh Makwana, Natalie Luscombe-Marsh, Renuka Visvanathan, Timothy J Schultz
OBJECTIVES: This umbrella review aimed to determine the effectiveness of exercise interventions, alone or in combination with other interventions, in improving physical function in community-dwelling older people identified as pre-frail or frail. INTRODUCTION: Exercise is said to have a positive impact on muscle mass and strength which improves physical function and hence is beneficial for the treatment of frailty. Several systematic reviews discuss the effects of exercise interventions on physical function parameters, such as strength, mobility, gait, balance and physical performance, and indicate that multi-component exercise, including resistance, aerobic, balance and flexibility training, appears to be the best way in which to improve physical function parameters in frail older people...
March 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Nam S Hoang, James N Lau
Competency-based medical education (CBME) has been the subject of heated debate since its inception in medical education. Despite the many challenges and pitfalls of CBME that have been recognized by the medical education community, CBME is now seeing widespread implementation. However, the biggest problems with CBME still have not been solved. Two of these problems, reductionism and loss of authenticity, present major challenges when developing curricula and assessment tools.The authors address these problems by making a call for flexibility in competency definitions and for the use of mixed methods in CBME...
March 6, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Miriam Thiel Ashford, Ellinor K Olander, Heather Rowe, Jane R W Fisher, Susan Ayers
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore health visitors' (HVs) views on the acceptability and potential implementation of internet-based postpartum anxiety interventions in their practice. BACKGROUND: Internet-based self-help has been shown to be effective and acceptable for postpartum depression. Recently, an internet-based intervention has been developed for postpartum anxiety. Before implementing new anxiety interventions in postpartum care, it is important to determine the acceptability and ways of implementing such interventions...
July 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Luis A Camuñas-Mesa, Yaisel L Domínguez-Cordero, Alejandro Linares-Barranco, Teresa Serrano-Gotarredona, Bernabé Linares-Barranco
Convolutional Neural Networks (ConvNets) are a particular type of neural network often used for many applications like image recognition, video analysis or natural language processing. They are inspired by the human brain, following a specific organization of the connectivity pattern between layers of neurons known as receptive field. These networks have been traditionally implemented in software, but they are becoming more computationally expensive as they scale up, having limitations for real-time processing of high-speed stimuli...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Yi-Ling Cai, Jin-Tao Ju, Wen-Bao Liu, Jian Zhang
Introduction: Forward surgical teams (FSTs) have been used as highly mobile surgical facilities that provide "damage control" medical support in modern wars. FST regiments differ greatly in different armed services and nations. We systemically reviewed the utilization of FSTs around the world with an emphasis on the medical conditions and workloads encountered by FSTs in modern wars. Materials and Methods: We searched for terms related to FSTs, such as "Forward Surgical Team" and "Field Surgical Team," in the PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and MEDLINE databases and collected any articles that provided numerical data on the organization of medical personnel combat casualty characteristics, including the casualty composition, injury types and locations, and mechanisms of injury, and surgical procedures performed...
March 1, 2018: Military Medicine
Janin Glaenzer, Martin F Peter, Gregor Hagelueken
In 1985, the first X-ray structure of a membrane protein was determined. Today, more than 30 years later, many more structures have been solved. Nevertheless, studying the structure of membrane proteins remains a very challenging task. Due to their inherent conformational flexibility, having a single X-ray structure is usually only the first step towards truly understanding the function of these dynamic molecules. For this reason, additional methods are needed that can provide complementary information, especially about conformational flexibility...
March 3, 2018: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
Kenneth I Pakenham, Theresa Scott, Michele Messmer Uccelli
Background: Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is the most widely used and researched recent variant of cognitive behavioral therapy and has been shown to increase quality of life in people with chronic illnesses, including multiple sclerosis (MS). However, few MS health practitioners are trained in ACT. This study evaluated a 2-day ACT training workshop for Italian psychologists working with people with MS. Methods: Data were collected via online questionnaires from 34 psychologists before the workshop, after the workshop, and at 6-month follow-up...
January 2018: International Journal of MS Care
Ewan Thomas, Antonino Bianco, Antonio Paoli, Antonio Palma
Different stretching strategies and protocols are widely used to improve flexibility or maintain health, acting on the muscle tendon-unit, in order to improve the range of motion (ROM) of the joints. This review aims to evaluate the current body of literature in order to understand the relation between stretching typology and ROM, and secondly to evaluate if a relation exists between stretching volume (either as a single training session, weekly training and weekly frequency) and ROM, after long-term stretching...
March 5, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Clara Suemi da Costa Rosa, Danilo Yuzo Nishimoto, Giovana Damasceno E Souza, Ariane Pereira Ramirez, Carla Oliveira Carletti, Célio Guilherme Lombardi Daibem, Giorgos K Sakkas, Henrique Luiz Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of continuous progressive resistance training on body composition, functional capacity and self-reported quality of life in end-stage renal disease patients. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS: The study included 52 hemodialysis patients (aged 55.7 ± 14.03 years) randomized into exercise (progressive resistance training (PRT), n = 28) or control (CON, n = 24) groups...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
Ioanna Eleni Virvidaki, Grigorios Nasios, Maria Kosmidou, Sotirios Giannopoulos, Haralampos Milionis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The presence of dysphagia and aspiration in stroke patients is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Early recognition and management of these two conditions via reliable, minimally invasive bedside procedures before complications arise remains challenging in everyday clinical practice. This study reviews the available bedside screening tools for detecting swallowing status and aspiration risk in acute stroke by qualitatively observing reference population study design, clinical flexibility, reliability and applicability to acute-care settings...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurology
Elena Neiterman, Ivy Bourgeault, Julie Peters, Victoria Esses, Elaine Dever, Rae Gropper, Christine Nielsen, Jenna Kelland, Peggy Sattler
AIMS: Bridging education for internationally trained professionals has grown in popularity, but little is known about promising practices for bridging education in allied health professions. This paper addresses this gap by examining the expected outcomes of effective bridging programs, the key features that contribute to their effectiveness, challenges faced by bridging programs, and the appropriate role of regulatory colleges, government, employers, and professional associations in bridging education...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
XiaoLing Bai, ZhongChen Luo, Ting Lou, Jin Pang, SiYuan Tang
BACKGROUND: Despite the rapid growth of Chinese nursing PhD programs, little is known about the career intentions of students in this field. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the career intentions of nursing PhD students. DESIGN: Online cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: Nursing PhD students at Chinese universities. METHODS: An online questionnaire was designed and the data were analyzed using SPSS...
March 1, 2018: Nurse Education Today
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