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Norikazu Yabuta, Chie Ota, Towa Sasakura, Yoko Naito, Daisuke Okuzaki, Kohshiro Fukushima, Hiroshi Nojima
p63, a transcriptional factor that belongs to the p53 family, regulates epidermal differentiation, stemness, cell death, tumorigenesis, metastasis, and senescence. However, its molecular mechanism remains elusive. We report here that TAp63 phosphorylated at T46/T281 specifically upregulates the late cornified envelope 1C (LCE1C) gene that is essential at a relatively late stage of epithelial development. We identified these phosphorylation sites during a search for the targets of Cyclin G-associated kinase (GAK) in vitro...
March 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
Qianqian Wang, Jiahui Xu, Ying Li, Jumin Huang, Zebo Jiang, Yuwei Wang, Liang Liu, Elaine Lai Han Leung, Xiaojun Yao
Protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5) is able to regulate gene transcription by catalyzing the symmetrical dimethylation of arginine residue of histone, which plays a key role in tumorigenesis. Many efforts have been taken in discovering small-molecular inhibitors against PRMT5, but very few were reported and most of them were SAM-competitive. EPZ015666 is a recently reported PRMT5 inhibitor with a new binding site, which is different from S-adenosylmethionine (SAM)-binding pocket. This new binding site provides a new clue for the design and discovery of potent and specific PRMT5 inhibitors...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Ye-Fen Lu, Xue-Li Cai, Zheng-Zheng Li, Jing Lv, Yi-An Xiang, Jian-Jun Chen, Wei-Jing Chen, Wei-Yan Sun, Xiu-Mei Liu, Jian-Bo Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have recently emerged as novel and potentially promising therapeutic targets in various cancers. However, the expression pattern and biological function of lncRNAs in glioma remain largely elusive. In the present study, we investigated the functional role of an lncRNA, small nucleolar RNA host gene 16 (SNHG16), in glioma. METHODS: The expression levels of SNHG16 and miR-4518 were measured using qRT-PCR. The relationship between the levels of SNHG16 and clinicopathologic features were statically analyzed...
March 6, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
David E Timm, Valorie Bowman, Russell Madsen, Charles Rauch
Protein arginine methyl transferase 5 (PRMT5) is a signaling protein and histone modifying enzyme that is important in many cellular processes, including regulation of eukaryotic gene transcription. Reported here is a 3.7 Å structure of PRMT5, solved in complex with regulatory binding subunit MEP50 (methylosome associated protein 50, WDR77, p44), by single particle (SP) cryo-Electron Microscopy (cryo-EM) using micrographs of particles that are visibly crowded and aggregated. Despite suboptimal micrograph appearance, this cryo-EM structure is in good agreement with previously reported crystal structures of the complex, which revealed a 450 kDa hetero-octameric assembly having internal D2 symmetry...
2018: PloS One
Dariusz Zakrzewicz, Miroslava Didiasova, Marcus Krüger, Benedetto Daniele Giaimo, Tilman Borggrefe, Maren Mieth, Andreas C Hocke, Anna Zakrzewicz, Liliana Schaefer, Klaus T Preissner, Malgorzata Wygrecka
OBJECTIVES: Enolase-1-dependent cell surface proteolysis plays an important role in cell invasion. Although enolase-1 (Eno-1), a glycolytic enzyme, has been found on the surface of various cells, the mechanism responsible for its exteriorization remains elusive. Here, we investigated the involvement of post-translational modifications (PTMs) of Eno-1 in its lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-triggered trafficking to the cell surface. RESULTS: We found that stimulation of human lung adenocarcinoma cells with LPS triggered the monomethylation of arginine 50 (R50me) within Eno-1...
March 1, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Emmanuel S Burgos, Ryan O Walters, Derek M Huffman, David Shechter
Methyltransferases use S -adenosyl-l-methionine (SAM) to deposit methyl marks. Many of these epigenetic 'writers' are associated with gene regulation. As cancer etiology is highly correlated with misregulated methylation patterns, methyltransferases are emerging therapeutic targets. Successful assignment of methyltransferases' roles within intricate biological networks relies on (1) the access to enzyme mechanistic insights and (2) the efficient screening of chemical probes against these targets. To characterize methyltransferases in vitro and in vivo , we report a highly-sensitive one-step deaminase-linked continuous assay where the S -adenosyl-l-homocysteine (SAH) enzyme-product is rapidly and quantitatively catabolized to S -inosyl-l-homocysteine (SIH)...
September 1, 2017: Chemical Science
Hai Jiang, Yue Zhu, Zhenyu Zhou, Junyang Xu, Shaowen Jin, Kang Xu, Heyun Zhang, Qing Sun, Jie Wang, Junyao Xu
Increasing evidence suggests that PRMT5, a protein arginine methyltransferase, has roles in cell growth regulation and cancer development. However, the role of PRMT5 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression remains unclear. Here, we showed that PRMT5 expression was frequently upregulated in HCC tissues, and its expression was inversely correlated with overall survival in HCC patients. PRMT5 knockdown markedly inhibited in vitro HCC proliferation and in vivo tumorigenesis. We revealed that the mechanism of PRMT5-induced proliferation was partially mediated by BTG downregulation, leading to cell cycle arrest during the G1 phase in HCC cells...
February 14, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Xiaolong Zhou, Wentao Wang, Chengtao Du, Feifei Yan, Songbai Yang, Ke He, Han Wang, Ayong Zhao
OGG1 is the first enzyme in the base excision repair pathway (BER) responsible for repairing 8-oxoguanine DNA lesions. Recent studies found that OGG1 may also be involved in epigenetic regulation. In this study, we focused on the roles of OGG1 in histone modification. First, to study the effects of OGG1 on histone modification, the protein levels of symmetric dimethylation of histone H4 arginine-3 (H4R3me2s) were determined by western blot analysis following the knockdown or overexpression of OGG1. Second, the molecular mechanisms by which OGG1 regulates H4R3me2s were assessed by co-immunoprecipitation (CO-IP) assays in mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) wild-type (WT) and Ogg-/- cells...
February 2, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Probes
Kelly Chiang, Agnieszka E Zielinska, Abeer M Shaaban, Maria Pilar Sanchez-Bailon, James Jarrold, Thomas L Clarke, Jingxian Zhang, Adele Francis, Louise J Jones, Sally Smith, Olena Barbash, Ernesto Guccione, Gillian Farnie, Matthew J Smalley, Clare C Davies
Breast cancer progression, treatment resistance, and relapse are thought to originate from a small population of tumor cells, breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs). Identification of factors critical for BCSC function is therefore vital for the development of therapies. Here, we identify the arginine methyltransferase PRMT5 as a key in vitro and in vivo regulator of BCSC proliferation and self-renewal and establish FOXP1, a winged helix/forkhead transcription factor, as a critical effector of PRMT5-induced BCSC function...
December 19, 2017: Cell Reports
Meng Wang, Yangyang Ou Yang, Qingtao Jin, Linlin Shang, Jian Zhang
MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) are a class of small, non-coding RNA molecules that serve a key function in carcinogenesis and tumor progression. Recent evidence indicates that miRNAs may act as powerful regulators of migration and invasion. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of miR-25 on the invasion and metastasis of KYSE-150 and EC109 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cells, and predict the mechanism of this effect by bioinformatically analyzing the miR-106b-25 cluster. In order to alter the expression of miR-25 in the two cell lines, a miR-25 inhibitor or mimic were transfected into the cells, which were then studied via Transwell migration and invasion assays...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Hironari Tamiya, Hyungsoo Kim, Oleksiy Klymenko, Heejung Kim, Yongmei Feng, Tongwu Zhang, Ji Yun Han, Ayako Murao, Scott J Snipas, Lucia Jilaveanu, Kevin Brown, Harriet Kluger, Hao Zhang, Kazuhiro Iwai, Ze'ev A Ronai
SHARPIN, an adaptor for the linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC), plays important roles in NF-κB signaling and inflammation. Here, we have demonstrated a LUBAC-independent role for SHARPIN in regulating melanoma growth. We observed that SHARPIN interacted with PRMT5, a type II protein arginine methyltransferase, and increased its multiprotein complex and methyltransferase activity. Activated PRMT5 controlled the expression of the transcription factors SOX10 and MITF by SHARPIN-dependent arginine dimethylation and inhibition of the transcriptional corepressor SKI...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Zhe Wang, Jing Kong, Ying Wu, Juliang Zhang, Ting Wang, Nanlin Li, Jing Fan, Hui Wang, Jian Zhang, Rui Ling
PURPOSE: Acquired resistance to chemotherapeutic agents in breast cancer is a major clinical challenge. Recent studies have shown that the emergence of cancer stem cells contributes to the development of drug resistance, and the protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5) was crucial for the maintenance of stemness. However, the roles of PRMT5 in breast cancer cell stemness and the development of cancer drug resistance have not been clarified. In this study, we investigated the effect of PRMT5 on the sensitivity to doxorubicin and cell stemness in breast cancer...
November 28, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
A Gullà, T Hideshima, G Bianchi, M Fulciniti, M Kemal Samur, J Qi, Y-T Tai, T Harada, E Morelli, N Amodio, R Carrasco, P Tagliaferri, N C Munshi, P Tassone, K C Anderson
Arginine methyltransferases critically regulate cellular homeostasis by modulating the functional outcome of their substrates. The protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5) is an enzyme involved in growth and survival pathways promoting tumorigenesis. However, little is known about the biologic function of PRMT5 and its therapeutic potential in multiple myeloma (MM). In the present study, we identified and validated PRMT5 as a new therapeutic target in MM. PRMT5 is overexpressed in patient MM cells and associated with decreased progression-free survival and overall survival...
November 21, 2017: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Kongkai Zhu, Cheng-Shi Jiang, Junchi Hu, Xigong Liu, Xue Yan, Hongrui Tao, Cheng Luo, Hua Zhang
Protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5) is the most promising anticancer target in PRMT family. In this study, based on the first S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) competitive small molecule inhibitor (17, compound number is from original paper) of PRMT5 reported in our recent paper, we determined the molecular mechanism of 17 interacting with PRMT5 by computational methods. Previously reported CMP5 was also thought of as a SAM competitive inhibitor of PRMT5, but the direct inhibition activity against PRMT5 at enzymatic level was not provided...
November 14, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yeshavanth Kumar Banasavadi-Siddegowda, Alessandra M Welker, Min An, Xiaozhi Yang, Wei Zhou, Guqin Shi, Jaime Imitola, Chenglong Li, Sigmund Hsu, Jiang Wang, Mitch Phelps, Jianying Zhang, Christine E Beattie, Robert Baiocchi, Balveen Kaur
Background: In spite of standard multi modal therapy consisting of surgical resection followed by radiation and concurrent chemotherapy prognosis for GBM patients remains poor. The identification of both differentiated and undifferentiated "stem cell like" populations in the tumor highlights the significance of finding novel targets that affect the heterogenous tumor cell population. Protein arginine methyltransferase (PRMT5) is one such candidate gene whose nuclear expression correlates with poor survival and has been reported to be required for survival of differentiated GBM cells and self-renewal of undifferentiated GBM cells...
November 2, 2017: Neuro-oncology
Lakshmi Prabhu, Lan Chen, Han Wei, Özlem Demir, Ahmad Safa, Lifan Zeng, Rommie E Amaro, Bert H O'Neil, Zhon-Yin Zhang, Tao Lu
The protein arginine methyltransferase (PRMT) family of enzymes comprises nine family members in mammals. They catalyze arginine methylation, either monomethylation or symmetric/asymmetric dimethylation of histone and non-histone proteins. PRMT methylation of its substrate proteins modulates cellular processes such as signal transduction, transcription, and mRNA splicing. Recent studies have linked overexpression of PRMT5, a member of the PRMT superfamily, to oncogenesis, making it a potential target for cancer therapy...
November 21, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
Derek W Stouth, Alexander Manta, Vladimir Ljubicic
Protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1), PRMT4, and PRMT5 catalyze the methylation of arginine residues on target proteins. Previous work suggests that these enzymes regulate skeletal muscle plasticity. However, the function of PRMTs during disuse-induced muscle remodelling is unknown. The purpose of our study was to determine whether denervation-induced muscle disuse alters PRMT expression and activity in skeletal muscle, as well as to contextualize PRMT biology within the early disuse-evoked events that precede atrophy, which remain largely undefined...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
André Richters
PRMT5 catalyzes the mono- and symmetric dimethylation of the arginine N-guanidine group of a wide variety of target proteins including histones, transcriptional elongation factors, kinases and tumor suppressors by utilizing the essential co-factor S-adenosylmethionine as methyl source. PRMT5 overexpression has been linked to the progression of various diseases, including cancer, and is oftentimes associated with a poor prognosis. Therefore, PRMT5 is promoted as a valuable target for drug discovery approaches and was a subject matter in recent endeavors aiming for the development of specific PRMT5 inhibitors...
November 2017: Future Medicinal Chemistry
Barbora Lubyova, Jan Hodek, Ales Zabransky, Hana Prouzova, Martin Hubalek, Ivan Hirsch, Jan Weber
In mammals, protein arginine methyltransferase 5, PRMT5, is the main type II enzyme responsible for the majority of symmetric dimethylarginine formation in polypeptides. Recent study reported that PRMT5 restricts Hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication through epigenetic repression of HBV DNA transcription and interference with encapsidation of pregenomic RNA. Here we demonstrate that PRMT5 interacts with the HBV core (HBc) protein and dimethylates arginine residues within the arginine-rich domain (ARD) of the carboxyl-terminus...
2017: PloS One
Krishna Ghosh, Biji Chatterjee, Aparna Geetha Jayaprasad, Santosh R Kanade
Environmental cues and chemicals can potentially modulate the phenotypic expression of genome through alterations in the epigenetic mechanisms. Endosulfan is one of the extensively used organochlorine pesticides around the world which is known for its endocrine, neuro- and reproductive toxicity. This study was aimed to investigate the potential of α-endosulfan in modulation of multiple epigenetic enzymes in MCF-7 cells. The cells were treated with DMSO (control) or α-endosulfan (1 and 10μM) and the expression of various epigenetic enzymes was assayed by real-time PCR and immunoblotting, in addition to their activity assays...
October 17, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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