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Yun Su, HongBin Fang, Feng Jiang
BACKGROUND: Abnormal microRNA (miRNA) expressions and promoter methylation of genes detected in sputum may provide biomarkers for non-small lung cancer (NSCLC). Here, we evaluate the individual and combined analysis of the two classes of sputum molecular biomarkers for NSCLC detection. RESULTS: We analyze expression of 3 miRNAs (miR-21, miR-31, and miR-210) and methylation of 3 genes (RASSF1A, PRDM14, and 3OST2), which were previously identified as potential biomarkers for NSCLC, in sputum of a set of 117 stage I NSCLC patients and 174 cancer-free smokers...
2016: Clinical Epigenetics
Yutaka Sugi, Kyoko Takahashi, Kenta Kurihara, Kazuaki Nakata, Hikari Narabayashi, Yuji Hamamoto, Makoto Suzuki, Masato Tsuda, Shigemasa Hanazawa, Akira Hosono, Shuichi Kaminogawa
Immune responses against gut microbiota should be minimized to avoid unnecessary inflammation at mucosal surface. In this study, we analyzed the expression patterns of Toll-interacting protein (Tollip), an inhibitor of TLRs and IL-1 family cytokine-related intracellular signaling, in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs). Comparable mRNA expression was observed in murine small and large IECs (S-IECs and L-IECs). However, Tollip protein was only detected in L-IECs, but not in S-IECs. Similar results were obtained in germ-free mice, indicating that L-IEC-specific TOLLIP expression does not depend on bacterial colonization...
2016: PloS One
Mao-Jie Wang, Yong-Yue Xu, Run-Yue Huang, Xiu-Min Chen, Hai-Ming Chen, Ling Han, Yu-Hong Yan, Chuan-Jian Lu
BACKGROUND: Specific profile of microRNAs (miRNAs, miR) expressed in psoriasis has been identified in the past few years, while the studies on roles and molecular mechanisms of these miRNAs are still on the way. In our previous study, four specific miRNAs (miR-31, miR-203, hsa-miR-99a and miR-125b) were found to be specifically altered in psoriatic lesions.We therefore conducted a systematic literature review in this study to reveal the role of these miRNAs in the pathogenesis of psoriasis in order to inform future research...
October 8, 2016: Oncotarget
Kang Lin, Tao Xu, Bang-Shun He, Yu-Qin Pan, Hui-Ling Sun, Hong-Xin Peng, Xiu-Xiu Hu, Shu-Kui Wang
Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death worldwide. Accumulating evidence has indicated that microRNAs (miRNAs) can be proposed as promising diagnostic and prognostic markers for various cancers. The current study analyzed the miRNA expression profiles of 418 lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) cases obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas dataset, with the aim to investigate the relationship of miRNAs with progression and prognosis of LUAD. A total of 185 miRNAs were found to be differentially expressed between LUAD tumor tissues and adjacent normal tissues...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Reiner Hoppe, Ping Fan, Florian Büttner, Stefan Winter, Amit K Tyagi, Heather Cunliffe, V Craig Jordan, Hiltrud Brauch
Aromatase inhibitor (AI) resistance during breast cancer treatment is mimicked by MCF-7:5C (5C) and MCF-7:2A (2A) cell lines that grow spontaneously. Survival signaling is reconfigured but cells are vulnerable to estradiol (E2)-inducible apoptosis. These model systems have alterations of stress related pathways including the accumulation of endoplasmic reticulum, oxidative, and inflammatory stress that occur prior to E2-induced apoptosis. We investigated miRNA expression profiles of 5C and 2A to characterize their AI resistance phenotypes...
September 17, 2016: Oncotarget
Jagmohan Singh, Ettickan Boopathi, Sankar Addya, Benjamin Phillips, Isidore Rigoutsos, Raymond B Penn, Satish Rattan
A comprehensive -omic, computational, and physiological approach was employed to examine the (previously unexplored) role of microRNAs (miRNAs) as regulators of IAS smooth muscle contractile phenotype and basal tone. MicroRNA profiling, genome wide expression, validation and network analyses were employed to assess changes in mRNA and miRNA expression in IAS smooth muscles from young vs. aging rats. Multiple miRNAs, including rno-miR-1, rno-miR-340-5p, rno-miR-185, rno-miR-199a-3p, rno-miR-200c, rno-miR-200b, rno-miR-31, rno-miR-133a and rno-miR-206 were found to be up-regulated in aging IAS...
September 15, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Xin Tao, Ziwei Xu, Xiaoming Men
Weaning stress induces tissue injuries and impairs health and growth in piglets, especially during the first week post-weaning. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play vital roles in regulating stresses and diseases. Our previous study found multiple differentially expressed miRNAs in small intestine of piglets at four days post-weaning. To better understand the roles of miRNAs during weaning stress, we analyzed the serum miRNA expressional profile in weaned piglets (at four days post-weaning) and in suckling piglets (control) of the same age using miRNA microarray technology...
2016: PloS One
Igor Kiss, Jitka Mlcochova, Zbynek Bortlicek, Alexandr Poprach, Jiri Drabek, Petra Vychytilova-Faltejskova, Marek Svoboda, Tomas Buchler, Stanislav Batko, Ales Ryska, Marian Hajduch, Ondrej Slaby
BACKGROUND: In metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), panitumumab is generally considered to be ineffective after the progression on cetuximab therapy. However, few studies have demonstrated that a small subset of mCRC patients may benefit from panitumumab in this setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In our study, wild-type KRAS mCRC patients, enrolled into the nationwide Czech registry CORECT between January 2007 and December 2012, were screened for panitumumab therapy after progression on cetuximab...
September 2016: Anticancer Research
Long-Ji Luo, Fan Yang, Jia-Ji Ding, Da-Li Yan, Dan-Dan Wang, Su-Jin Yang, Li Ding, Jian Li, Dan Chen, Rong Ma, Jian-Zhong Wu, Jin-Hai Tang
Metastasis is the leading cause of death among breast cancer (BCa) patients and triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) as one of BCa subtypes exhibits the worst survival rate due to its highly aggressive and metastatic behavior. A growing body of research has shown that the dynamic expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) was intimately associated with tumor invasion and metastasis. Recent studies have demonstrated miR-31 as a metastasis-suppressor in breast cancer, but it is still known little about the mechanism of it suppresses metastasis...
December 5, 2016: Gene
Zhibo Yang, Bijun Zeng, Xueyong Tang, Haizhen Wang, Chang Wang, Zhangren Yan, Pan Huang, Yi Pan, Bin Xu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease. A number of clinical investigations have indicated that traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is an effective and safe treatment for psoriasis. Zhuhuang Granule (ZG) is a modified formulation of Zhuhuang Decoction, which is used traditionally in China for the treatment of psoriasis in clinical practice. AIM OF THE STUDY: Recent studies have found that microRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the pathogenesis of some skin diseases...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Q Zhang, M Sun, S Zhou, B Guo
The class I selective inhibitor of the histone deacetylases, mocetinostat, has promising antitumor activities in both preclinical studies and the clinical trials. To understand how mocetinostat induces apoptosis, we examined the effects of mocetinostat on miR-31, a proapoptotic microRNA that was previously found to be epigenetically silenced in prostate cancer. We found that miR-31 was significantly upregulated by mocetinostat in prostate cancer cells. Antiapoptotic protein E2F6, the target of miR-31, was decreased by mocetinostat treatment...
2016: Cell Death Discovery
Giuseppe Iacomino, Paola Russo, Ilaria Stillitano, Fabio Lauria, Pasquale Marena, Wolfgang Ahrens, Pasquale De Luca, Alfonso Siani
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs involved in the modulation of gene expression and in the control of numerous cell functions. Alterations of miRNA patterns frequently occur in cancer and metabolic disorders, including obesity. Recent studies showed remarkable stability of miRNAs in both plasma and serum making them suitable as potential circulating biomarkers for a variety of diseases and conditions. The aim of this study was to assess the profile of circulating miRNAs expressed in plasma samples of overweight or obese (OW/Ob) and normal weight (NW) prepubertal children from a European cohort (www...
2016: Genes & Nutrition
Hua Shen, Xiaobo Yu, Fengming Yang, Zhihua Zhang, Jianxin Shen, Jin Sun, Swati Choksi, Siriporn Jitkaew, Yongqian Shu
Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), the most common constituent of the tumor stoma, are known to promote tumor initiation, progression and metastasis. However, the mechanism of how cancer cells transform normal fibroblasts (NFs) into CAFs is largely unknown. In this study, we determined the contribution of miRNAs in the transformation of NFs into CAFs. We found that miR-1 and miR-206 were down-regulated, whereas miR-31 was up-regulated in lung CAFs when compared with matched NFs. Importantly, modifying the expression of these three deregulated miRNAs induced a functional conversion of NFs into CAFs and vice versa...
August 2016: PLoS Genetics
Wen-Cheng Lu, Chung-Ji Liu, Hsi-Feng Tu, Yu-Tung Chung, Cheng-Chieh Yang, Shou-Yen Kao, Kuo-Wei Chang, Shu-Chun Lin
miR-31 is oncogenic for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Proteins containing the AT-rich interacting domain (ARID) modulate the accessibility of chromatin to the transcription machinery needed for gene expression. In this study, we showed that miR-31 was able to target ARID1A in HNSCC. HNSCC tumors had an inverse miR-31 and ARID1A expression. miR-31 associated oncogenicities were rescued by ARID1A expression in HNSCC cells. Furthermore, ARID1A repressed the stemness properties and transcriptional activity of Nanog/OCT4/Sox2/EpCAM via the protein's affinity for AT-rich sites within promoters...
August 9, 2016: Oncotarget
Khalda Sayed Amr, Faten S Bayoumi, Fatema T Elgengehy, Sanaa O Abdallah, Hanan H Ahmed, Eman Eissa
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by familial aggregation and genetic predisposition. MicroRNAs (MiRNAs) serve as critical biomarkers in lupus patients because of their aberrant expression in different SLE stages. The study aimed to investigate the correlation of miR-31 and miR-21 with IL-2 in SLE patients as regulatory biomarkers in the activation of T lymphocytes of Egyptian lupus patients. Quantitative RT-PCR is carried out to estimate the expressions of miR-31 and miR-21, and IL-2 levels were determined using ELISA in plasma of 40 patients with SLE, 20 of their first-degree relatives and 20 healthy controls...
November 2016: Rheumatology International
Hirosha Geekiyanage, Evanthia Galanis
Oncolytic measles virus strains are currently being evaluated in several clinical trials, as a promising novel oncolytic platform. Poliovirus receptor-related 4 (PVRL4) was recently identified as a potent measles virus (MV) receptor; however, its regulation is not yet understood. Increased levels of PVRL4 protein were observed in cell membrane, cytoplasm and nuclei of glioblastoma, breast and ovarian tumor clinical samples with no significant change in PVRL4 mRNA levels in glioblastoma and breast cancer compared with their corresponding control samples, suggesting that PVRL4 is likely post-transcriptionally regulated...
November 2016: Molecular Oncology
Abraham Pedroza-Torres, Jorge Fernández-Retana, Oscar Peralta-Zaragoza, Nadia Jacobo-Herrera, David Cantú de Leon, Jorge F Cerna-Cortés, Cesar Lopez-Camarillo, Carlos Pérez-Plasencia
OBJECTIVE: Nearly 50% of patients who are diagnosed with locally advanced cervical cancer have an unfavorable pathological response to conventional treatment. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are potential biomarkers in cervical cancer; however, their role in identifying patients who do not respond to conventional treatment remains poorly investigated. Here, we identify a set of miRNAs that can be used as molecular markers to predict the pathological response in locally advanced cervical cancer patients receiving radiation and chemotherapy treatment...
September 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Sachindra Raj Joshi, Vidhi Dhagia, Salina Gairhe, John G Edwards, Ivan F McMurtry, Sachin A Gupte
Heart failure, a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), is an outcome of complex biochemical processes. In this study, we determined changes in microRNAs (miRs) in the right and left ventricles of normal and PAH rats. Using an unbiased quantitative miR microarray analysis, we found 1) miR-21-5p, miR-31-5 and 3p, miR-140-5 and 3p, miR-208b-3p, miR-221-3p, miR-222-3p, miR-702-3p, and miR-1298 were upregulated (>2-fold; P < 0.05) in the right ventricle (RV) of PAH compared with normal rats; 2) miR-31-5 and 3p, and miR-208b-3p were upregulated (>2-fold; P < 0...
September 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Nadezda A Stepicheva, Jia L Song
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that orchestrate numerous cellular processes both under normal physiological conditions as well as in diseases. This review summarizes the functional roles and transcriptional regulation of the highly evolutionarily conserved miRNA, microRNA-31 (miR-31). miR-31 is an important regulator of embryonic implantation, development, bone and muscle homeostasis, and immune system function. Its own regulation is disrupted during the onset and progression of cancer and autoimmune disorders such as psoriasis and systemic lupus erythematosus...
August 2016: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Julia Etich, Vera Bergmeier, Lena Pitzler, Bent Brachvogel
AIM: Wound healing is a coordinated process to restore tissue homeostasis and reestablish the protective barrier of the skin. miRNAs may modulate the expression of target genes to contribute to repair processes, but due to the complexity of the tissue it is challenging to quantify gene expression during the distinct phases of wound repair. Here, we aimed to identify a common reference gene to quantify changes in miRNA and mRNA expression during skin wound healing. METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR and bioinformatic analysis tools were used to identify suitable reference genes during skin repair and their reliability was tested by studying expression of mRNAs and miRNAs...
July 7, 2016: Connective Tissue Research
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