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Ryota Kurogi, Akira Nakamizo, Satoshi O Suzuki, Masahiro Mizoguchi, Koji Yoshimoto, Toshiyuki Amano, Takeo Amemiya, So Takagishi, Koji Iihara
OBJECTIVE Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) show tropism for brain tumors and may be a useful vehicle for drug or gene delivery to malignant gliomas. Recently, some microRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to suppress the invasiveness of malignant gliomas. METHODS To test their potential to become vehicles for the delivery of miRNA to malignant gliomas, hMSCs were engineered so that hMSC secretion of miRNAs that inhibit glioma cell invasion was enabled without altering the hMSC tropism for glioma cells...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Riikka E Mäkitie, Matthias Hackl, Riitta Niinimäki, Sakari Kakko, Johannes Grillari, Outi Mäkitie
Context: WNT signaling is fundamental to bone health and its aberrant activation leads to skeletal pathologies. A heterozygous missense mutation p.C218G in WNT1, a key WNT pathway ligand, leads to severe early-onset and progressive osteoporosis with multiple peripheral and spinal fractures. Despite the severe skeletal manifestations, conventional bone turnover markers are normal in mutation-positive patients. Objective: This study sought to explore the circulating miRNA pattern in patients with impaired WNT signaling...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Chen Chen, Shenfei Zong, Zhuyuan Wang, Ju Lu, Dan Zhu, Yizhi Zhang, Ruohu Zhang, Yiping Cui
Exosomes are small membrane vesicles secreted by a wide variety of cells. Studies have demonstrated that exosomal miRNAs can influence the biological processes of recipient cells. Therefore, direct imaging and tracking of exosomal miRNAs in living recipient cells are essential for exosome functional analysis. However, the moderate spatial resolution of conventional fluorescence microscopy limits the precise imaging and tracking of exosomes considering their relatively small size (<100 nm). Here, we took advantage of single molecule localization microscopy (SMLM) to realize the visualization and dynamic tracking of exosomes and exosomal miRNAs in living cells...
March 1, 2018: Nanoscale
Li Zhang, Cuiping Wang, Shuangni Yu, Congwei Jia, Jie Yan, Zhaohui Lu, Jie Chen
Mutations in the AT-rich interactive domain 1A gene, which encodes a subunit of the Switch/Sucrose nonfermentable chromatin remodeling complex, can result in loss of protein expression and are associated with different cancers. Here, we used immunohistochemistry to investigate the significance of AT-rich interactive domain 1A loss in 73 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cases with paired paracancerous normal pancreatic tissues. The relationship between levels of the AT-rich interactive domain 1A protein product, BAF250a, and clinicopathological parameters in the 73 pancreatic cancer specimens was also analyzed...
January 1, 2018: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
Katarina Zeljic, Ivan Jovanovic, Jasmina Jovanovic, Zvonko Magic, Aleksandra Stankovic, Gordana Supic
AIM: It was the aim of the study to identify commonly deregulated miRNAs in oral cancer patients by performing a meta-analysis of previously published miRNA expression profiles in cancer and matched normal non-cancerous tissue in such patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Meta-analysis included seven independent studies analyzed by a vote-counting method followed by bioinformatic enrichment analysis. RESULTS: Amongst seven independent studies included in the meta-analysis, 20 miRNAs were found to be deregulated in oral cancer when compared with non-cancerous tissue...
February 26, 2018: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
Masoumeh Mehdipour, Minoo Shahidi, Soheila Manifar, Soudeh Jafari, Fatemeh Mashhadi Abbas, Mahmood Barati, Hamed Mortazavi, Mohammad Shirkhoda, Amir Farzanegan, Zahra Elmi Rankohi
BACKGROUND: Oral lichen planus (OLP), a relatively common chronic inflammatory disease of the oral mucosa, is considered to be a premalignant disorder of the oral cavity. Previously, several biomarkers have been tested for their diagnostic potential. Here, we aimed to investigate the diagnostic potential of four miRNAs, miR-21, -125a, -31 and -200a, known to be involved in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) development, in the saliva of OLP patients as also their putative relation to OSCC development in these patients...
February 26, 2018: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
Moamen Masalha, Yechezkel Sidi, Dror Avni
The present review describes in detail the existent data regarding feedback loops between miRNAs and cytokines or growth factors in the psoriatic inflammation. We have chosen to describe the roles of miR- 31, miR-21, miR-146a, miR-155, miR-197 and miR-99a in this process. This choice derives from the fact that among around 250 miRNAs being altered in the psoriatic lesion, the comprehensive functional role was described only in those detailed above. In addition, considering the molecular targets and the pathways, which may possibly be regulated by those miRNAs, it seems that they may be chosen as preferred targets for the therapy of psoriasis...
February 26, 2018: Experimental Dermatology
Lin Chen, Yihui Wen, Jingwei Zhang, Wei Sun, Vivian W Y Lui, Yi Wei, Fenghong Chen, Weiping Wen
Radiotherapy is unlikely to benefit all patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Therefore, novel method is warranted to predict the radiotherapy response. Our study aimed to construct a microRNA (miRNA)-based nomogram to predict clinical outcomes of patients with HNSCC receiving radiotherapy. We screened out 56 differential miRNAs by analyzing 44 paired tumor and adjacent normal samples miRNA expression profiles from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). A total of 307 patients with HNSCC receiving adjuvant radiotherapy were randomly divided into a training set (n = 154) and a validation set (n = 153)...
February 23, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Jian Su, Qixin Leng, Yanli Lin, Jie Ma, Fangran Jiang, Cheng-Ju Lee, HongBin Fang, Feng Jiang
We have demonstrated that assessments of microRNA (miRNA) expressions in circulating peripheral blood mononucleated cell (PBMC) and sputum specimens, respectively, may help diagnose lung cancer. To assess the individual and combined analysis of the miRNAs across the different body fluids for lung cancer early detection, we analyse a panel of 3 sputum miRNAs (miRs-21, 31, and 210) and a panel of 2 PBMC miRNAs (miRs-19b-3p and 29b-3p) in a discovery cohort of 68 patients with lung cancer and 66 cancer-free smokers...
2018: Biomarkers in Cancer
Sabine Heublein, Markus Albertsmeier, David Pfeifer, Lisa Loehrs, Alexandr V Bazhin, Thomas Kirchner, Jens Werner, Jens Neumann, Martin Kurt Angele
BACKGROUND: Though peritoneal carcinomatosis reflects a late stage of colorectal cancer (CRC), only few patients present with synchronous or metachronous liver metastases alongside their peritoneal carcinomatosis. It is hypothesized that this phenomenon may be causally linked to molecular characteristics of the primary CRC. This study used miRNA profiling of primary CRC tissue either metastasized to the liver, to the peritoneum or not metastasized at all thus to identify miRNAs potentially associated with defining the site of metastatic spread in CRC...
February 20, 2018: BMC Cancer
Simoni H Avansini, Fábio R Torres, André S Vieira, Danyella B Dogini, Fabio Rogerio, Ana C Coan, Marcia E Morita, Marilisa M Guerreiro, Clarissa L Yasuda, Rodrigo Secolin, Benilton S Carvalho, Murilo G Borges, Vanessa S Almeida, Patrícia A O R Araújo, Luciano Queiroz, Fernando Cendes, Iscia Lopes-Cendes
OBJECTIVE: Focal cortical dysplasias (FCDs) are an important cause of drug-resistant epilepsy. In this work we aimed to investigate whether abnormal gene regulation, mediated by microRNA, could be involved in FCD type II. METHODS: We used total RNA from the brain tissue of 16 patients with FCD type II and 28 controls. MicroRNA expression was initially assessed by microarray. Quantitative PCR (qPCR), in situ hybridization, luciferase reporter assays and deep sequencing for genes in the mTOR pathway were performed to validate and further explore our initial study...
February 20, 2018: Annals of Neurology
Qi Lv, Kai Wang, Simiao Qiao, Ling Yang, Yirong Xin, Yue Dai, Zhifeng Wei
Norisoboldine (NOR), a natural aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonist, has been demonstrated to attenuate ulcerative colitis (UC) and induce the generation of Treg cells. Under UC condition, hypoxia widely exists in colonic mucosa, and secondary changes of microRNAs (miRs) expressions and glycolysis contribute to Treg differentiation. At present, we worked for exploring the deep mechanisms for NOR-promoted Treg differentiation in hypoxia and its subsequent anti-UC action from the angle of AhR/miR or AhR/glycolysis axis...
February 15, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Mark McCully, João Conde, Pedro V Baptista, Margaret Mullin, Matthew J Dalby, Catherine C Berry
Mesenchymal stem cells are multipotent adult stem cells capable of generating bone, cartilage and fat, and are thus currently being exploited for regenerative medicine. When considering osteogenesis, developments have been made with regards to chemical induction (e.g. differentiation media) and physical induction (e.g. material stiffness, nanotopography), targeting established early transcription factors or regulators such as runx2 or bone morphogenic proteins and promoting increased numbers of cells committing to osteo-specific differentiation...
2018: PloS One
Yuli Zhu, Siya Zhang, Zinan Li, Huaishan Wang, Zhen Li, Yu Hu, Hui Chen, Xuan Zhang, Lianxian Cui, Jianmin Zhang, Wei He
As an important component of innate immunity, human circulating γδ T cells function in rapid responses to infections and tumorigenesis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a critical regulatory role in multiple biological processes and diseases. Therefore, how the functions of circulating human γδ T cells are regulated by miRNAs merits investigation. In this study, we profiled the miRNA expression patterns in human peripheral γδ T cells from 21 healthy donors and identified 14 miRNAs that were differentially expressed between peripheral αβ T cells and γδ T cells...
February 12, 2018: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
Sahar Sarmasti Emami, Abolfazl Akbari, Ali-Akbar Zare, Shahram Agah, Mohsen Masoodi, Atefeh Talebi, Sara Minaeian, Azam Fattahi, Farahnaz Moghadamnia
INTRODUCTION: Non-coding RNAs have opened a new window in cancer biology. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), as a family of non-coding RNAs, play an important role in the gene regulation. The aberrant expression of these small molecules has been documented to involve in colorectal cancer (CRC) pathogenesis. This study aimed to examine the expression of miRNAs in CRC and to correlate their expression levels with histological markers (Ki-67 and CD34). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tumor tissues and matched normal adjacent tissues were collected from 36 patients with newly diagnosed CRC...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
Shuichuan Huang, Zhibo Chen, Weibin Wu, Mian Wang, Rui Wang, Jin Cui, Wen Li, Shenming Wang
MicroRNA (miR)-31 serves a key role in various biological processes, including tumor development, angiogenesis and inflammation. Whether miR-31 is involved in the pathological processes of arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO) remains to be elucidated, as does the mechanism of miR-31 regulation of arterial smooth muscle cells (ASMCs). In the present study, miR-31 expression was detected by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and in situ hybridization, and was significantly upregulated in human ASO arterial walls compared with normal arterial walls (P<0...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Liang Zhong, Jacques Huot, Martin J Simard
Extravasation of circulating cancer cells determines their metastatic potential. This process is initiated by the adhesion of cancer cells to vascular endothelial cells through specific interactions between endothelial adhesion receptors such as E-selectin and their ligands on cancer cells. In the present study, we show that miR-146a and miR-181b impede the expression of E-selectin by repressing the activity of its transcription factor NF-κB, thereby impairing the metastatic potentials of colon cancer cells by decreasing their adhesion to, and migration through, the endothelium...
February 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
Wentong Li, Yalan Yang, Ying Liu, Shuai Liu, Xiuxiu Li, Yingping Wang, Yanmin Zhang, Hui Tang, Rong Zhou, Kui Li
Fat deposition is an important economic trait in farm animals as well as obesity related diseases in humans, and the liver is a central organ involved in regulating lipid synthesis and metabolism in mammals. In this study, the pig liver transcriptome of two groups (H and L) showing differences in backfat thickness were profiled using RNA-Seq and miRNA-Seq to further explore the molecular mechanism of fat deposition. A total of 238 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and 58 differentially expressed miRNAs were identified between the H and L group...
December 29, 2017: Oncotarget
Gordon P Meares, Rajani Rajbhandari, Magda Gerigk, Chih-Liang Tien, Chenbei Chang, Samuel C Fehling, Amber Rowse, Kayln C Mulhern, Sindhu Nair, G Kenneth Gray, Nicolas F Berbari, Markus Bredel, Etty N Benveniste, Susan E Nozell
Previously, we determined microRNA-31 (miR-31) is a noncoding tumor suppressive gene frequently deleted in glioblastoma (GBM); miR-31 suppresses tumor growth, in part, by limiting the activity of NF-κB. Herein, we expand our previous studies by characterizing the role of miR-31 during neural precursor cell (NPC) to astrocyte differentiation. We demonstrate that miR-31 expression and activity is suppressed in NPCs by stem cell factors such as Lin28, c-Myc, SOX2 and Oct4. However, during astrocytogenesis, miR-31 is induced by STAT3 and SMAD1/5/8, which mediate astrocyte differentiation...
January 30, 2018: Glia
Yan Chen, Hong Shang, Shunli Zhang, Xiaohong Zhang
This study aimed to investigate the effects of ginsenoside Rh2 on proliferation, apoptosis and migration of the human medulloblastoma cell line Daoy, as well as to explore the potential mechanisms of the effects. The human medulloblastoma cell line Daoy was cultured in vitro and treated with or without ginsenoside Rh2. CCK-8 assay was performed to investigate the effect of Rh2 on cell survival using a Cell Counting Kit-8. Cell proliferation was assessed by BrdU assay. Cell apoptosis was determined using flow cytometry analysis...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
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