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Bariatric Obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527156/the-effect-of-aerobic-or-aerobic-strength-exercise-on-body-composition-and-functional-capacity-in-patients-with-bmi-%C3%A2-35-after-bariatric-surgery-a-randomized-control-trial
#1
Alireza Hassannejad, Alireza Khalaj, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mastaneh Rajabian Tabesh, Zahra Alizadeh
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies suggested that bariatric surgery is the most effective and sustainable treatment method for morbid obesity in long term, but without changing in lifestyle, maintaining optimal weight loss is almost impossible. METHODS: Sixty morbid obese patients (BMI ≥ 35) were evaluated before and after 12 weeks of bariatric surgery in order to compare the impact of two different exercise programs on body composition and functional capacity outcomes...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527103/quality-of-life-after-bariatric-surgery
#2
REVIEW
Laura M Mazer, Dan E Azagury, John M Morton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an introduction to quality of life (QOL) outcomes after bariatric surgery and a summary of the current evidence. RECENT FINDINGS: QOL has been emphasized in bariatric surgery since the NIH Consensus Conference statement in 1991. Initial studies were limited to 1- and 2-year follow-up. More recent findings have expanded the follow-up period up to 12 years, providing a better description of the impact on long-term QOL...
May 19, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526630/what-is-the-impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-erectile-function-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Felipe Placco Araujo Glina, Júlia Walter de Freitas Barboza, Victor Moises Nunes, Sidney Glina, Wanderley Marques Bernardo
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a worldwide public health issue that has severe psychological and social implications. Erectile dysfunction also is a prevalent clinical situation, and obesity is one of the primary risk factors for its development. AIM: To determine whether bariatric surgery can lessen erectile dysfunction in obese men because of evidence showing that weight loss in obese men contributes to decreasing erectile dysfunction and bariatric surgery contributes to significant weight loss...
May 16, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526433/risk-of-low-birth-weight-and-micronutrient-deficiencies-in-neonates-from-mothers-after-gastric-bypass-a-case-control-study
#4
Geraldine Gascoin, Maxime Gerard, Agnès Sallé, Guillaume Becouarn, Stephanie Rouleau, Loïc Sentilhes, Régis Coutant
BACKGROUND: An increased risk of small-for-gestational-age infants after maternal bariatric surgery has been shown. The risk of micronutrients deficiencies in these neonates is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To screen for micronutrients deficiencies in newborns of mothers with gastric bypass. SETTINGS: University hospital in Angers, France. METHODS: This study compared the clinical and cord blood biological characteristics of 56 newborns of mothers with prior Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and 56 newborns of nonobese healthy mothers after normal pregnancy (controls), followed between January 3, 2008 and October 31, 2012...
March 27, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524627/weight-loss-interventions-and-gut-microbiota-changes-in-overweight-and-obese-patients-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
F B Seganfredo, C A Blume, M Moehlecke, A Giongo, D S Casagrande, J V N Spolidoro, A V Padoin, B D Schaan, C C Mottin
Imbalances in the gut microbiota, the bacteria that inhabit the intestines, are central to the pathogenesis of obesity. This systematic review assesses the association between the gut microbiota and weight loss in overweight/obese adults and its potential manipulation as a target for treating obesity. This review identified 43 studies using the keywords 'overweight' or 'obesity' and 'microbiota' and related terms; among these studies, 17 used dietary interventions, 11 used bariatric surgery and 15 used microbiota manipulation...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522788/effects-of-bariatric-surgery-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-morbidly-obese-patients
#6
Piotr Major, Aleksandra Kowalczuk, Michał Wysocki, Sonia Osadnik, Michał Pędziwiatr, Anna Głuszewska, Magdalena Pisarska, Piotr Małczak, Anna Lasek, Michał Kisielewski, Andrzej Budzyński
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric by-pass on risk factors of cardiovascular diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed prospectively collected data of patients operated for morbid obesity who were qualified for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) or laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric by-pass (LRYGB). Risk factors for wyłączecardiovascular diseases were assessed with the SCORE scale and both full and hard Framingham cardiovascular risk scores (FCRs)...
February 28, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515062/changes-in-total-energy-intake-and-macronutrient-composition-after-bariatric-surgery-predict-long-term-weight-outcome-findings-from-the-swedish-obese-subjects-sos-study
#7
Noora Kanerva, Ingrid Larsson, Markku Peltonen, Anna-Karin Lindroos, Lena M Carlsson
Background: Approximately 20-30% of obese patients do not achieve successful weight outcomes after bariatric surgery.Objective: We examined whether short-term changes (≤0.5 y postsurgery) in energy intake and macronutrient composition after bariatric surgery could predict 10-y weight change.Design: Participants were recruited from the Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study, which was a matched (nonrandomized) prospective trial that compared bariatric surgery with usual care for obese patients. A total of 2010 patients who underwent bariatric surgery were included in the study...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508277/surgical-management-of-obesity-among-people-with-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-outcomes-and-recommendations-for-future-research
#8
Youssef Kouidrat, Ali Amad, Brendon Stubbs, Suzan Moore, Fiona Gaughran
BACKGROUND: People with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder (BD) exhibit very high levels of obesity. Little is known about the potential benefits/risks of obesity surgery. We conducted a narrative review to summarize the available knowledge on bariatric surgery in people with schizophrenia or BD. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted of major electronic databases from inception to October 2016 for studies investigating bariatric surgery among people with schizophrenia or BD...
May 15, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508275/gross-olfaction-before-and-after-laparoscopic-gastric-bypass
#9
Carlos Zerrweck, Vannia Castañeda Gallardo, Carmen Calleja, Elisa Sepúlveda, Lizbeth Guilber
BACKGROUND: Obesity leads to olfaction alterations, and this can further impact food choices, appetite, and nutritional status. Bariatric procedures induce weight loss and change in taste and smell perception, but more information is needed, especially using objective olfaction tests. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted during 6 months, with candidates to laparoscopic gastric bypass at a single institution. A preoperative nasofibroscopy and gross smell identification test (The Pocket Smell Test ®) were performed in those meeting the inclusion criteria...
May 15, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506731/risk-of-heart-failure-in-obese-patients-with-and-without-bariatric-surgery-in-sweden-a-registry-based-study
#10
Christina E Persson, Lena Björck, Jesper Lagergren, Georgios Lappas, Kok Wai Giang, Annika Rosengren
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a known risk factor for heart failure. The prevalence of both conditions has increased in Sweden the last decades. Obesity surgery has been shown to improve cardiac function. We therefore investigated whether the risk of heart failure was lower in obese patients after bariatric surgery compared with obese patients without surgical intervention. METHODS AND RESULTS: From the Swedish National Patient Registry we created a cohort including 47,859 patients aged 18-74 years with a primary diagnosis of obesity from 2000 to 2011...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506306/predictors-of-physical-and-mental-health-in-persons-with-morbid-obesity-attending-a-patient-education-course-a-two-year-follow-up-study
#11
Anners Lerdal, Caryl L Gay, Tore Bonsaksen, May Solveig Fagermoen
BACKGROUND: People with morbid obesity (body mass index ≥40) may experience changes in their health after participating in a tailored patient education course. The aims of this study were to assess the changes in physical and mental health in persons with morbid obesity during the 2 years following an educational course and to explore possible socio-demographic, treatment, and personal predictors of physical and mental health outcomes. METHODS: In this prospective longitudinal cohort study, self-report questionnaire data were collected from people with morbid obesity at the beginning of mandatory educational courses while on a waiting list for gastric surgery and at two-year follow-up...
May 15, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505641/bariatric-surgery-improved-hba1c-at-5-y-more-than-intensive-medical-care-alone-in-obese-patients-with-t2dm
#12
Clare J Lee, Lawrence J Cheskin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504110/neurological-consequences-of-obesity
#13
REVIEW
Phillipe D O'Brien, Lucy M Hinder, Brian C Callaghan, Eva L Feldman
The high prevalence of obesity is associated with an enormous medical, social, and economic burden. The metabolic dysfunction, dyslipidaemia, and inflammation caused by obesity contribute to the development of a wide variety of disorders and effects on the nervous system. In the CNS, mild cognitive impairment can be attributed to obesity-induced alterations in hippocampal structure and function in some patients. Likewise, compromised hypothalamic function and subsequent defects in maintaining whole-body energy balance might be early events that contribute to weight gain and obesity development...
June 2017: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503259/five-year-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-as-a-primary-procedure-for-morbid-obesity-a-prospective-study
#14
Carlos Hoyuela
AIM: To prospectively evaluate the postoperative morbi-mortality and weight loss evolution of patients who underwent a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) as a primary bariatric procedure during 5 years of follow-up. METHODS: Since 2006, data from patients undergoing a highly restrictive primary LSG have been prospectively registered in a database and analysed. Preoperative co-morbid conditions, operating time, hospital stay, early and late complications rate and evolution of weight loss after 5 years of follow-up were analysed...
April 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502507/impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-apolipoprotein-c-iii-levels-and-lipoprotein-distribution-in-obese-human-subjects
#15
Marie Maraninchi, Nadège Padilla, Sophie Béliard, Bruno Berthet, Juan-Patricio Nogueira, Jeanine Dupont-Roussel, Julien Mancini, Audrey Bégu-Le Corroller, Noémie Dubois, Rachel Grangeot, Catherine Mattei, Marion Monclar, Anastasia Calabrese, Carole Guérin, Charles Desmarchelier, Alain Nicolay, Changting Xiao, Patrick Borel, Gary F Lewis, René Valéro
BACKGROUND: Elevated apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III) has been postulated to contribute to the atherogenic dyslipidemia seen in obesity and insulin-resistant states, mainly by impairing plasma triglyceride-rich lipoprotein (TRL) metabolism. Bariatric surgery is associated with improvements of several obesity-associated metabolic abnormalities, including a reduction in plasma triglycerides (TGs) and an increase in plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). OBJECTIVES: We investigated the specific effect of bariatric surgery on apoC-III concentrations in plasma, non-HDL, and HDL fractions in relation to lipid profile parameters evolution...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500419/bariatric-surgery-as-a-bridge-to-renal-transplantation-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#16
Shadi Al-Bahri, Tannous K Fakhry, John Paul Gonzalvo, Michel M Murr
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a relative contraindication to organ transplantation. Preliminary reports suggest that bariatric surgery may be used as a bridge to transplantation in patients who are not eligible for transplantation because of morbid obesity. SETTING: The Bariatric Center at Tampa General Hospital, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida. METHODS: We reviewed the outcomes of 16 consecutive patients on hemodialysis for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who underwent bariatric surgery from 1998 to 2016...
May 13, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499887/what-is-the-impact-on-the-healthcare-system-if-access-to-bariatric-surgery-is-delayed
#17
Ricardo V Cohen, Alexandre Luque, Silvio Junqueira, Rodrigo Antonini Ribeiro, Carel W Le Roux
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has been available as part of the Brazilian Public Health System for patients with body mass index>40 kg/m(2) (or>35 kg/m(2) with co-morbidities) since 1999. However, access to surgery is challenging, with eligible patients waiting up to 7 years before surgery. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to compare costs and effectiveness of different waiting times before surgery versus prompt surgery. SETTINGS: Public practice...
March 31, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499084/psychological-assessment-of-emirati-patients-pursuing-bariatric-surgery-for-obesity
#18
Ossama T Osman, Essam Emam, Taoufik Zoubeidi, Fadwa Al-Mugaddam, Abdul-Kader Souid
Background: Obesity is currently a rapidly growing global problem of epidemic proportions and is especially prevalent in economically developed countries such as the United Arab Emirates. Obese individuals are increasingly considering bariatric surgery as their preferred means of choice for the reduction of excess body fat. This study explored the psychological characteristics that may potentially complicate the surgical management of obesity. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of Emirati patients attending a bariatric clinic at Tawam Hospital, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates, between December 2010 and February 2012...
May 11, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494917/validation-of-the-nexfin%C3%A2-non-invasive-continuous-blood-pressure-monitoring-validated-against-riva-rocci-korotkoff-in-a-bariatric-patient-population
#19
Sjaak Pouwels, Bianca Lascaris, Simon W Nienhuijs, R Arthur Bouwman, Marc P Buise
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to validate the Nexfin® monitor and to assess the accuracy compared to classical sphygmomanometry (Riva-Rocci/Korotkoff (RRK)) blood pressure (BP) measurements in patients with obesity scheduled for bariatric surgery. DESIGN: Validation study. SETTING: Outpatient clinic for bariatric surgery. PATIENTS: 33 patients scheduled for bariatric surgery. MEASUREMENTS: The validation process was done according to the protocols developed by the European Society of Hypertension from 2010...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493605/adverse-effects-of-obesity-on-cognitive-functions-in-individuals-at-ultra-high-risk-for-bipolar-disorder-results-from-the-global-mood-and-brain-science-initiative
#20
Roger S McIntyre, Rodrigo B Mansur, Yena Lee, Letícia Japiassú, Kun Chen, Rui Lu, Weicong Lu, Xiaodong Chen, Ting Li, Guiyun Xu, Kangguang Lin
BACKGROUND: The burden of illness associated with bipolar disorder (BD) warrants early pre-emption/prevention. Prediction models limited to psychiatric phenomenology have insufficient predictive power. Herein, we aimed to evaluate whether the presence of overweight/obesity is associated with greater cognitive decline in individuals at high risk (HR) or ultra high risk (UHR) for BD. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis to investigate the moderational role of body mass index (BMI) on measures of cognitive function...
March 2017: Bipolar Disorders
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