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Bariatric Obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334691/a-meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-bariatric-surgery-on-fracture-risk
#1
REVIEW
Q Zhang, Y Chen, J Li, D Chen, Z Cheng, S Xu, Y Huang, Q Wang
Bariatric surgery effectively treats morbid obesity. However, the negative effect of this surgery on the bone is concerning. The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the fracture risk associated with bariatric surgery in morbidly obese subjects. Relevant studies published from database inception to September 2017 were identified in PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used to evaluate the quality of the observational studies, and the Jadad score evaluated randomized controlled trials...
January 15, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333595/implanted-closed-loop-gastric-electrical-stimulation-clges-system-with-sensor-based-feedback-safely-limits-weight-regain-at-24%C3%A2-months
#2
S Morales-Conde, I Alarcón Del Agua, L Busetto, F Favretti, M Anselmino, G M Rovera, M Socas-Macias, A Barranco-Moreno, R Province-Azalde, A J Torres
BACKGROUND: Weight regain following bariatric surgery is not uncommon. Safe, effective weight loss treatment up to 1 year has been reported with the closed-loop gastric electrical stimulation (CLGES) system. Continuous recording of eating and activity behavior by onboard sensors is one of the novel features of this closed-loop electrical stimulation therapy, and may provide improved long-term weight maintenance by enhancing aftercare. METHODS: Four centers participating in a 12-month prospective multicenter randomized study monitored all implanted participants (n = 47) up to 24 months after laparoscopic implantation of a CLGES system...
January 15, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333067/complications-of-staple-line-and-anastomoses-following-laparoscopic-bariatric-surgery
#3
REVIEW
Gianfranco Silecchia, Angelo Iossa
With over 600 million people being obese, and given the scientific demonstration of the advantages of surgical treatment, bariatric surgery is on the rise. The promising long-term results in terms of weight loss, and particularly in relation to comorbidities and the control/cure rate, mean that the number of procedures performed in all countries remains high. However, the risk of potentially complex or fatal complications, though small, is present and is related to the procedures per se. This review is a guide for bariatric and/or general surgeons, offering a complete overview of the pathogenesis of anastomosis and staple line following the most common laparoscopic bariatric procedures: sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass, and mini-gastric bypass...
January 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330654/risk-prediction-model-for-severe-postoperative-complication-in-bariatric-surgery
#4
Erik Stenberg, Yang Cao, Eva Szabo, Erik Näslund, Ingmar Näslund, Johan Ottosson
BACKGROUND: Factors associated with risk for adverse outcome are important considerations in the preoperative assessment of patients for bariatric surgery. As yet, prediction models based on preoperative risk factors have not been able to predict adverse outcome sufficiently. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify preoperative risk factors and to construct a risk prediction model based on these. METHODS: Patients who underwent a bariatric surgical procedure in Sweden between 2010 and 2014 were identified from the Scandinavian Obesity Surgery Registry (SOReg)...
January 12, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329975/risk-of-suicide-and-non-fatal-self-harm-after-bariatric-surgery-results-from-two-matched-cohort-studies
#5
Martin Neovius, Gustaf Bruze, Peter Jacobson, Kajsa Sjöholm, Kari Johansson, Fredrik Granath, Johan Sundström, Ingmar Näslund, Claude Marcus, Johan Ottosson, Markku Peltonen, Lena M S Carlsson
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery reduces mortality, but might have adverse effects on mental health. We assessed the risk of suicide and self-harm after bariatric surgery compared with non-surgical obesity treatment. METHODS: Suicide and non-fatal self-harm events retrieved from nationwide Swedish registers were examined in two cohorts. The non-randomised, prospective Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study compared bariatric surgery (n=2010; 1369 vertical-banded gastroplasty, 376 gastric banding, and 265 gastric bypass) with usual care (n=2037; recruitment 1987-2001)...
January 9, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329689/pediatric-obesity-current-concepts
#6
REVIEW
Donald E Greydanus, Marisha Agana, Manmohan K Kamboj, Saad Shebrain, Neelkamal Soares, Ransome Eke, Dilip R Patel
This discussion reflects on concepts of obesity in children and adolescents in the early 21st century. It includes reflections on its history, definition, epidemiology, diagnostic perspectives, psychosocial considerations, musculoskeletal complications, endocrine complications and principles of management. In addition to emphasis on diet and exercise, research and clinical applications in the second decade of the 21st century emphasize the increasing use of pharmacotherapy and bariatric surgery for adolescent and adult populations with critical problems of overweight and obesity...
January 9, 2018: Disease-a-month: DM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327184/efficacy-of-forced-air-warming-to-prevent-perioperative-hypothermia-in-morbidly-obese-versus-non-obese-patients
#7
Raphael Okoué, Daniela Calabrese, Pascal Nzé, Simon Msika, Hawa Keita
BACKGROUND: Hypothermia is associated with an increased postoperative morbidity and mortality. Forced-air warming systems are the most effective methods for its prevention. When using a mattress, a reduction in the area of diffusion of warm air by crushing due to excess weight cannot be ruled out. METHODS: We designed a prospective study to compare the efficacy of a forced-air warming mattress (Bair Hugger® 585) to prevent hypothermia (core temperature (CT°) < 36 °C) in morbidly obese (group MO, body mass index (BMI) ≥ 40 kg/m2) and non-obese patients (group NO, BMI < 30 kg/m2)...
January 11, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324643/nutritional-status-of-bariatric-surgery-candidates
#8
Aliaa Al-Mutawa, Alfred Kojo Anderson, Salman Alsabah, Mohammad Al-Mutawa
Obesity is a global epidemic affecting populations globally. Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment for morbid obesity, and has increased dramatically. Bariatric surgery candidates frequently have pre-existing nutritional deficiencies that might exacerbate post-surgery. To provide better health care management pre- and post-bariatric surgery, it is imperative to establish the nutritional status of prospective patients before surgery. The aim of this study was to assess and provide baseline data on the nutritional status of bariatric candidates...
January 11, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319834/nordiska-riktlinjer-f%C3%A3-r-kosttillskott-och-uppf%C3%A3-ljning-efter-obesitaskirurgi-monitorering-och-supplementering-med-vitaminer-och-mineraler
#9
Anna Laurenius, Ingmar Näslund, Jorunn Sandvik, Per Videhult, Mikael Wirén
Each year 6,800 bariatric operations are performed in Sweden. Bariatric surgery involves both a reduced intake and a reduced absorption of vitamins and minerals. There has been debate about whose responsibility long-term follow-up is, particularly regarding monitoring vitamin and mineral status. The Swedish Society for Bariatric Surgery and the Norwegian Association for Bariatric Surgery, who oversee their respective national quality registers, have appointed an expert group to develop guidelines for postoperative supplementation and nutritional monitoring of vitamins and minerals, along with a schedule for routine follow-up...
January 9, 2018: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318008/novel-technique-using-a-bioabsorbable-prosthesis-with-fibrin-glue-fixation-to-prevent-a-petersen-s-space-hernia
#10
Mark Magdy, Hyerim Suh, Vytauras Kuzinkovas
Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is a bariatric operation that is effective for long-term weight loss. Although rare, one serious complication is an internal hernia through Petersen's space, which may result in bowel strangulation. Although the incidence of internal hernia can be reduced through closing the Petersen's defect, it does not eliminate the risk. This case describes a novel and reliable method to close Petersen's defect. We report the case of a 30-year-old female who underwent a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for the management of morbid obesity...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316601/bariatric-surgery-and-infertility-a-prospective-study
#11
Vincenzo Consalvo, Antonio Canero, Vincenzo Salsano
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a worldwide disease affecting 13% of the world's adult female population. The reasons and the fetal risk are still unclear. The effect of weight loss as a result of bariatric surgery seems to induce an improvement in fertility in obese women. The main purpose of this prospective study is to demonstrate if there is an association between bariatric surgery-induced weight loss and an improvement in the fertility of women at reproductive age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2013 to April 2016, all bariatric female patients from our institutes were prospectively evaluated for suitability in this study...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316386/changes-in-pain-sensitization-after-bariatric-surgery
#12
Joshua J Stefanik, David T Felson, Caroline M Apovian, Jingbo Niu, M Margaret Clancy, Michael P LaValley, Tuhina Neogi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in pain (at the knee and elsewhere) and pain sensitization in obese persons with knee pain undergoing bariatric surgery compared with similarly obese persons undergoing medical management. METHODS: Individuals undergoing bariatric surgery and medical management were recruited. Knee pain severity of the more painful knee (index knee) was assessed at baseline and 12 months using the WOMAC. Pressure pain threshold (PPT) was assessed at the index patella and the right wrist...
January 5, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314054/evidence-based-practice-guidelines-for-prescribing-home-modifications-for-clients-with-bariatric-care-needs
#13
Laura de Lange, Emma Coyle, Helen Todd, Cylie Williams
BACKGROUND/AIM: Home modifications maintain people's functional independence and safety. No literature exists to guide the prescription of home modifications for clients with bariatric care needs. With Australia's increasing obesity rate, more evidence is needed to support home modification prescribers. This study aimed to map Australian home modification prescribing practices for clients with bariatric care needs and to establish and evaluate a clinical resource for this prescription process...
January 5, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313318/gastric-leaks-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-focus-on-pathogenetic-factors
#14
Francesco Frattini, Roberto Delpini, Davide Inversini, Vincenzo Pappalardo, Stefano Rausei, Giulio Carcano
As reported by The International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity (IFSO) worldwide survey on bariatric surgery, sleeve gastrectomy has become the second most performed bariatric/metabolic procedure in the world just after gastric bypass. If we consider complications, despite a recent systematic review and meta-analysis that reported a substantial decrease in sleeve gastrectomy complication rates, leaks after sleeve gastrectomy still rate between 0 and 18%. Unlike the leaks of other types of gastrointestinal surgery, leaks after sleeve gastrectomy are challenging in diagnosis and treatment and can lead to sepsis, multiple organ failure, and even death...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313123/15-year-experience-of-laparoscopic-single-anastomosis-mini-gastric-bypass-comparison-with-other-bariatric-procedures
#15
Nawaf Alkhalifah, Wei-Jei Lee, Tan Chun Hai, Kong-Han Ser, Jung-Chien Chen, Chun-Chi Wu
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic single anastomosis (mini-)gastric bypass (LSAGB) has been validated as a safe and effective treatment for morbid obesity. However, data of the long-term outcome remain lacking. METHODS: Between October 2001 and December 2015, 1731 morbidly obese patients who received LSAGB as primary bariatric procedure at the Min-Sheng General Hospital were recruited. Surgical outcome, weight loss, resolution of comorbidities, and late complications were followed, then compared with groups of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG)...
January 8, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311357/cardiovascular-risk-factors-after-adolescent-bariatric-surgery
#16
Marc P Michalsky, Thomas H Inge, Todd M Jenkins, Changchun Xie, Anita Courcoulas, Michael Helmrath, Mary L Brandt, Carroll M Harmon, Mike Chen, John B Dixon, Elaine M Urbina
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Severely obese adolescents harbor numerous cardiovascular disease risk factors (CVD-RFs), which improve after metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS). However, predictors of change in CVD-RFs among adolescents have not yet been reported. METHODS: The Teen-Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery study (NCT00474318) prospectively collected anthropometric and health status data on 242 adolescents undergoing MBS at 5 centers. Predictors of change in CVD-RFs (blood pressure, lipids, glucose homeostasis, and inflammation) 3 years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and vertical sleeve gastrectomy were examined...
January 8, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310972/porto-mesenteric-venous-thrombosis-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-case-report-and-systematic-review-of-the-104-cases
#17
Kerem Karaman, Mehmet Aziret, Ali Bal, Volkan Öter, Metin Ercan, Erdal Birol Bostancı
INTRODUCTION: Porto-mesenteric venous thrombosis (PMVT) is a rare but fatal complication after bariatric surgery. However, an increasing number of PMVT complications have been observed in the last years after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) operations. CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old male was admitted to the emergency clinic in a septic status with a sudden once of abdominal pain and vomiting. The patient underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) 15 days ago...
January 5, 2018: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310829/-sugammadex-by-ideal-body-weight-versus-20-and-40-corrected-weight-in-bariatric-surgery-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Nádia Maria da Conceição Duarte, Ana Maria Menezes Caetano, Silvio da Silva Caldas Neto, Getúlio Rodrigues de Oliveira Filho, Gustavo de Oliveira Arouca, Josemberg Marins Campos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The weight parameters for use of sugammadex in morbidly obese patients still need to be defined. METHODS: A prospective clinical trial was conducted with sixty participants with body mass index≥40kg·m-2 during bariatric surgery, randomized into three groups: ideal weight (IW), 20% corrected body weight (CW20) and 40% corrected body weight (CW40). All patients received total intravenous anesthesia. Rocuronium was administered at dose of 0...
January 5, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309285/addressing-obesity-in-clinical-gynecology-practice
#19
Scott Kahan, Ginger Winston
Obesity disproportionately affects women, and many patients presenting at obstetric and gynecologic clinics will have, or be at risk for, obesity and its associated comorbid conditions. Given the high frequency of interaction between women and their gynecologists, this setting may be an ideal opportunity to support patients who would benefit from obesity treatment. This article describes evidence-based obesity treatment strategies, including behavioral counseling, pharmacotherapy, and bariatric surgery.
January 5, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308609/activity-of-metalloproteinases-and-adiponectin-in-obese-patients-a-possible-factor-of-incisional-hernias-after-bariatric-procedures
#20
Wojciech Szczęsny, Magdalena Kuligowska-Prusińska, Stanisław Dąbrowiecki, Jakub Szmytkowski, Adrian Reśliński, Maciej Słupski
PURPOSE: Metalloproteinases are a key component of the pathogenesis of abdominal hernias. Obesity is considered a risk factor in herniogenesis and hernia recurrence. The aim of this study was to evaluate the serum concentrations of metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), MMP-9, MMP-13, and adiponectin in morbidly obese and non-overweight controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participants were recruited from among patients undergoing bariatric and non-bariatric surgery and divided into two groups: I (body mass index (BMI)≥35 kg/m2, n=40) and II (BMI<25 kg/m2, n=30)...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
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