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echocardiography anesthesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790035/feasibility-of-intracardiac-echocardiography-imaging-from-the-left-superior-pulmonary-vein-for-left-atrial-appendage-occlusion
#1
Do Young Kim, Seung Yong Shin, Jin-Seok Kim, Seong Hwan Kim, Young-Hoon Kim, Hong Euy Lim
Intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) is considered an alternative imaging modality for left atrium appendage occlusion (LAAO) to avoid general anesthesia. However, the quality of ICE images obtained from right atrium can be suboptimal compared with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) imaging. Although placing an ICE probe into left atrium can improve imaging quality, there are limited data regarding procedure outcomes of ICE-guided LAAO versus TEE-guided LAAO. One hundred forty four patients who underwent LAAO with Amplatzer Cardiac Plug, Amulet, or Watchman device were enrolled from two referral institutes...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784681/use-of-intracardiac-echocardiography-in-interventional-cardiology-working-with-the-anatomy-rather-than-fighting-it
#2
REVIEW
Andres Enriquez, Luis C Saenz, Raphael Rosso, Frank E Silvestry, David Callans, Francis E Marchlinski, Fermin Garcia
The indications for catheter-based structural and electrophysiological procedures have recently expanded to more complex scenarios, in which an accurate definition of the variable individual cardiac anatomy is key to obtain optimal results. Intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) is a unique imaging modality able to provide high-resolution real-time visualization of cardiac structures, continuous monitoring of catheter location within the heart, and early recognition of procedural complications, such as pericardial effusion or thrombus formation...
May 22, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776668/-fatal-cardiac-tamponade-that-developed-in-the-post-anesthesia-care-unit-a-rare-complication-after-lung-lobectomy
#3
Hyung Mook Lee, Young Jae Jeon, Hye Won Chung, Hyo Min Yun, Mi Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cardiac tamponade is potentially fatal medical condition, which rarely occurs as a complication of lung lobectomy. We present the first case of cardiac tamponade to develop in a Post-Anesthesia Care Unit following a lung lobectomy. CASE REPORT: A 54-year-old man with pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma underwent an apparently uncomplicated lung lobectomy. His hemodynamics was unremarkable throughout the surgery and initially in the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit...
May 15, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764373/a-subclinical-high-tricuspid-regurgitation-pressure-gradient-independent-of-the-mean-pulmonary-artery-pressure-is-a-risk-factor-for-the-survival-after-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#4
Yosuke Saragai, Akinobu Takaki, Yuzo Umeda, Takashi Matsusaki, Tetsuya Yasunaka, Atsushi Oyama, Ryuji Kaku, Kazufumi Nakamura, Ryuichi Yoshida, Daisuke Nobuoka, Takashi Kuise, Kosei Takagi, Takuya Adachi, Nozomu Wada, Yasuto Takeuchi, Kazuko Koike, Fusao Ikeda, Hideki Onishi, Hidenori Shiraha, Shinichiro Nakamura, Hiroshi Morimatsu, Hiroshi Ito, Toshiyoshi Fujiwara, Takahito Yagi, Hiroyuki Okada
BACKGROUND: Portopulmonary hypertension (POPH) is characterized by pulmonary vasoconstriction, while hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is characterized by vasodilation. Definite POPH is a risk factor for the survival after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT), as the congestive pressure affects the grafted liver, while subclinical pulmonary hypertension (PH) has been acknowledged as a non-risk factor for deceased donor OLT. Given that PH measurement requires cardiac catheterization, the tricuspid regurgitation pressure gradient (TRPG) measured by echocardiography is used to screen for PH and congestive pressure to the liver...
May 15, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762929/trileaflet-mitral-valve-treated-with-the-mitraclip%C3%A2-system
#5
Miguel Rodríguez-Santamarta, Rodrigo Estévez-Loureiro, Tomás Benito-González, Javier Gualis, Carmen Garrote, Armando Pérez de Prado, Felipe Fernández-Vázquez
A 79-year-old woman with a history of ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy, severely depressed left ventricular ejection fraction and significant mitral regurgitation (MR) was admitted to the authors´ institution for percutaneous mitral valve repair. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) revealed the presence of a posterior mitral cleft at the P2 level, causing a trileaflet mitral valve that contributed significantly to the regurgitant jet. The procedure was performed under general anesthesia and guided by real-time three-dimensional TEE...
September 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755086/-total-arch-replacement-with-concomitant-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-via-the-ascending-aorta-for-extended-thoracic-aneurysm-report-of-a-case
#6
Yoshiki Endo, Yoshihito Irie, Kousuke Nishida, Tsuyoshi Fujimiya, Yoshiaki Katada
The patient was a 66 year-old male. Computed tomography (CT) angiography showed a huge aneurysm(120 mm) in the aortic arch and chronic type B aortic dissection(45 mm) in the descending aorta. Echocardiography showed patent ductus arteriosus( PDA). Because of pulmonary hypertension due to PDA, it was considered unacceptable to put him under general anesthesia twice. We performed thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) via the ascending aorta and total arch replacement (TAR) simultaneously to prevent paraplegia...
May 2018: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743181/evaluation-of-the-quality-of-transesophageal-echocardiography-images-and-verification-of-proficiency
#7
Robina Matyal, Faraz Mahmood, Ziyad Omar Knio, Stephanie Jones, Lu Yeh, Rabina Amir, Ruma Bose, John D Mitchell
Various metrics have been used in curriculum-based TEE training programs to evaluate acquisition of proficiency. However, the quality of task completion, i.e. the final image quality, was subjectively evaluated in these studies. Ideally, the end point metric should be an objective comparison of the trainee-acquired image with a reference ideal image. Therefore, we developed a simulator-based methodology of pre-clinical verification of proficiency (VOP) in trainees by tracking objective evaluation of the final acquired images...
May 9, 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724541/the-year-in-perioperative-echocardiography-selected-highlights-from-2017
#8
Brett Cronin, Swapnil Khoche, Timothy M Maus
This article is the second of an annual series reviewing the research highlights of the year pertaining to the subspecialty of perioperative echocardiography for the Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia. The authors thank the editor-in-chief, Dr. Kaplan, and the editorial board for the opportunity to start this series. In most cases, these will be research articles that are targeted at the perioperative echocardiography diagnosis and treatment of patients after cardiothoracic surgery; however, in some cases, these articles will target the use of perioperative echocardiography in general...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707295/percutaneous-occluder-device-closure-through-femoral-vein-guidance-by-transthoracic-echocardiography-in-adult-atrial-septal-defect-patients
#9
Yixin Jia, Xu Meng, Yan Li, Chunlei Xu, Wen Zeng, Yuqing Jiao, Wei Han
Background: This study aimed to summarize percutaneous occluder device closure of atrial septal defects (ASD) through the femoral vein, using guidance by transthoracic echocardiography under local anesthesia without radiation or fluoroscopic guidance. Methods: This was a case series of fourteen patients, 3 males and 11 females, diagnosed with central ASD, the diameter of the defect ranged from 9 to 32 mm, and the patients had no other heart malformations or organ dysfunction...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702994/a-case-report-regarding-general-anesthesia-management-of-a-patient-with-pulmonary-vein-stenosis-that-underwent-balloon-dilatation-and-stent-implantation
#10
Fangzhou Li, Guoyan Qiao, Peng Liang, Jin Liu
RATIONALE: Pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is a rare cardiovascular deformity that can lead to high mortality if left untreated. Patients frequently experience multiple complications such as hemoptysis, pulmonary hypertension, bronchial venous rupture and cardiac insufficiency. Currently, pulmonary vein stenosis balloon dilatation (stent implantation) is the only treatment, and this can be performed under local or general anesthesia. However, a case report on the general anesthesia management of PVS has not been previously reported...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700275/anesthesia-management-of-modified-ex-vivo-liver-resection-and-autotransplantation
#11
Fujun Cheng, Zhiyong Yang, Jing Zeng, Jianteng Gu, Jian Cui, Jiaoning Ning, Bin Yi
BACKGROUND Ex situ liver surgery allows liver resection and vascular reconstruction in patients who have liver tumors located in critical sites. Only a small series of studies about ex situ liver surgery is available in the literature. No anesthesia management experience has been previously published. The aim of the currents study was to summarize our experience with anesthetic management of patients during ex vivo liver surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS The first 43 patients who received ex vivo liver surgery between January 2007 and April 2012 were included...
April 27, 2018: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693944/unexpected-systolic-anterior-motion-of-the-mitral-valve-diagnosed-by-transthoracic-echocardiography-after-the-induction-of-general-anesthesia
#12
Toshiyuki Nakanishi, Manabu Yoshimura, Seishi Sakamoto, Takashi Toriumi
We report an 87-year-old woman who presented with unexpected systolic anterior motion (SAM) of the mitral valve after the induction of general anesthesia. She was receiving medication for hypertension and cerebral infarction. There were no abnormal findings on her preoperative transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) examination. After the induction of general anesthesia, she presented with refractory hypotension. We performed TTE and diagnosed SAM of the mitral valve. Her hemodynamic state was improved by fluid infusion and administering intravenous phenylephrine...
May 2017: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693941/pre-anesthetic-whole-body-point-of-care-ultrasonography
#13
Takeshi Nomura, Itaru Watanabe
Point-of-care ultrasonography has become widely used in diagnosis and managements of patients. In the field of anesthesiology, ultrasound guided nerve blocks and central venous catheterization (CVC), and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) have become popular. Now, ultrasound devices are familiar to anesthesiologists. In pre-anesthetic patient risk evaluation, the sonographic results of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) or the examination of deep venous thrombus are often helpful for anesthesia planning...
May 2017: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629260/acute-right-ventricular-failure-postintubation-in-a-mitral-stenosis-patient
#14
Sridhar Reddy Musuku, Saroj Pani, John Cagino
Mitral stenosis (MS) is prevalent in 0.02-0.2% of the population in developed countries. The pathophysiology of MS results in elevated left atrial pressures and over-time results in pulmonary hypertension (HTN) which ultimately affects the right ventricle. In addition, MS restricts the diastolic filling of the left ventricle. Therefore, during induction patients with MS are limited by their ability to increase cardiac output by increasing stroke volume. Anesthesia goals in severe MS are to avoid sudden changes in heart rate, as well as systemic and pulmonary artery pressures...
January 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628595/anesthesia-in-a-child-with-newly-diagnosed-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-for-placement-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator
#15
Rajnish Kumar, Bibha Kumari
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a genetic myocardial disease usually characterized by asymmetric ventricular septal hypertrophy. HCM is an important cause of sudden cardiac death in adolescents and young adults. We are presenting a case report, ten years boy came in emergency with sudden loss of consciousness (witness cardiac arrest). Child was revived after cardiopulmonary resuscitation and send to coronary care unit. Echocardiography findings were suggestive of HCM. There was history of sudden death of her mother and maternal uncle...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623382/-the-heart-catheter-table-is-not-the-operating-table-intraindividual-comparison-of-pulmonary-artery-pressures
#16
M U Ziegler, H Reinelt
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing cardiac surgery need extensive and invasive monitoring, which needs to be individually adapted for each patient and requires a diligent risk-benefit analysis. The use of a pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) seems to be justifiable in certain cases; therefore, the preoperative diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension represents an indication for perioperative monitoring with PAC in the S3 guidelines of the German Society for Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (DGAI)...
April 5, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602249/the-first-transapical-transcatheter-aortic-valve-in-valve-implantation-using-the-j-valve-system-into-a-failed-biophysio-aortic-prosthesis-in-a-patient-with-high-risk-of-coronary-obstruction
#17
Jian Ye, Arthur J Lee, Philipp Blanke, John Webb
We report the first successful valve-in-valve (ViV) implantation into a failed Edwards Biophysio surgical prosthesis (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA) and also the first use of the J-Valve system (Jie Cheng Medical Technologies, Suzhou, China) in a ViV configuration. A 77-year old male had symptomatic severe aortic stenosis secondary to failure of a 25 mm Biophysio bioprosthetic valve implanted 11 years previously, along with concomitant coronary artery bypass grafting. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) revealed calcified leaflets, a mean aortic gradient of 50 mm Hg, and an estimated valve area of 0...
March 30, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581218/ripheart-remote-ischemic-preconditioning-for-heart-surgery-study-myocardial-dysfunction-postoperative-neurocognitive-dysfunction-and-1-year-follow-up
#18
Patrick Meybohm, Madeline Kohlhaas, Christian Stoppe, Matthias Gruenewald, Jochen Renner, Berthold Bein, Martin Albrecht, Jochen Cremer, Mark Coburn, Gereon Schaelte, Andreas Boening, Bernd Niemann, Michael Sander, Jan Roesner, Frank Kletzin, Haitham Mutlak, Sabine Westphal, Rita Laufenberg-Feldmann, Marion Ferner, Ivo F Brandes, Martin Bauer, Sebastian N Stehr, Andreas Kortgen, Maria Wittmann, Georg Baumgarten, Tanja Meyer-Treschan, Peter Kienbaum, Matthias Heringlake, Julika Schoen, Sascha Treskatsch, Thorsten Smul, Ewa Wolwender, Thomas Schilling, Georg Fuernau, Holger Bogatsch, Oana Brosteanu, Dirk Hasenclever, Kai Zacharowski
BACKGROUND: Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) has been suggested to protect against certain forms of organ injury after cardiac surgery. Previously, we reported the main results of RIPHeart (Remote Ischemic Preconditioning for Heart Surgery) Study, a multicenter trial randomizing 1403 cardiac surgery patients receiving either RIPC or sham-RIPC. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this follow-up paper, we present 1-year follow-up of the composite primary end point and its individual components (all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, stroke and acute renal failure), in a sub-group of patients, intraoperative myocardial dysfunction assessed by transesophageal echocardiography and the incidence of postoperative neurocognitive dysfunction 5 to 7 days and 3 months after surgery...
March 26, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476380/new-onset-pericardial-effusion-during-transvenous-lead-extraction-incidence-causative-mechanisms-and-associated-factors
#19
François Regoli, Gabriele D'Ambrosio, Maria Luce Caputo, Stefano Svab, Giulio Conte, Tiziano Moccetti, Catherine Klersy, Tiziano Cassina, Stefanos Demertzis, Angelo Auricchio
PURPOSE: Pericardial effusion (PE) may occur during the lead extraction procedure (TLE). Little is known about the incidence, causes, and predictors of this complication. METHODS: From January 2009 to October 2016, TLE was attempted for 297 leads in 212 patients (age 69.3 ± 12.9 years, 169 male, BMI 27.2 ± 9.9 m²/kg, LVEF 43.4 ± 24.6%) for lead dysfunction (62.7%), upgrade (16.0%), infection (14.2%), or other (7.0%) indications. TLE was performed under general anesthesia with continuous invasive arterial blood pressure and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) monitoring...
April 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465201/-pulse-wave-transit-time-one-more-attempt-of-non-invasive-cardiac-output-measurement
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
B A Akselrod, L A Tolstova, T A Pshenichniy, S V Fedulova
BACKGROUND: Estimated continuous cardiac output (esCCOTM) based on pulse wave transit time is one of alternative non-invasive CO measurement techniques. METHODS: Randomized study included 23 scheduled patients operated upon due to cardiovascular diseases. Cardiac index (CI) was measured Comparative analyses of esCCO and others CO measurement methods used intraoperative was carried out. In the first group (n = 9) esCCO was compared with transpulmonary thermodilution (PiCCO-plus); in the second group (n = 8) - with pulmonary artery thermodilution; in the third group (n = 6) - with transoesophageal echocardiography (velocity-time integral)...
September 2017: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
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