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echocardiography anesthesia

François Regoli, Gabriele D'Ambrosio, Maria Luce Caputo, Stefano Svab, Giulio Conte, Tiziano Moccetti, Catherine Klersy, Tiziano Cassina, Stefanos Demertzis, Angelo Auricchio
PURPOSE: Pericardial effusion (PE) may occur during the lead extraction procedure (TLE). Little is known about the incidence, causes, and predictors of this complication. METHODS: From January 2009 to October 2016, TLE was attempted for 297 leads in 212 patients (age 69.3 ± 12.9 years, 169 male, BMI 27.2 ± 9.9 m²/kg, LVEF 43.4 ± 24.6%) for lead dysfunction (62.7%), upgrade (16.0%), infection (14.2%), or other (7.0%) indications. TLE was performed under general anesthesia with continuous invasive arterial blood pressure and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) monitoring...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
B A Akselrod, L A Tolstova, T A Pshenichniy, S V Fedulova
BACKGROUND: Estimated continuous cardiac output (esCCOTM) based on pulse wave transit time is one of alternative non-invasive CO measurement techniques. METHODS: Randomized study included 23 scheduled patients operated upon due to cardiovascular diseases. Cardiac index (CI) was measured Comparative analyses of esCCO and others CO measurement methods used intraoperative was carried out. In the first group (n = 9) esCCO was compared with transpulmonary thermodilution (PiCCO-plus); in the second group (n = 8) - with pulmonary artery thermodilution; in the third group (n = 6) - with transoesophageal echocardiography (velocity-time integral)...
September 2017: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
Antonis S Manolis, Spyridon Koulouris, Efthymia Rouska, John Pyrros
OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) and atrial septal defect (ASD) is routinely performed under general anesthesia or deep sedation and use of transesophageal (TEE) or intracardiac echocardiography, incurring longer duration and higher cost. We have used a simplified, economical, fluoroscopy-only guided approach with local anesthesia, and herein report our data. METHODS: The study includes 112 procedures in 110 patients with PFO (n=75) or ASD (n=35), with use of an Amplatzer occluder, heparin and prophylactic antibiotics...
January 2018: Indian Heart Journal
Satoru Fujii, Jian Ray Zhou, Achal Dhir
As the complexity and duration of cardiac ablation procedures increase, there is a growing demand for anesthesiologist involvement in the electrophysiology suites for sedation and anesthesia provision, hemodynamic and neuromonitoring, and procedural guidance through transesophageal echocardiography. To deliver high-quality perioperative care, it is important that the anesthesiologist is intimately familiar with the evolving techniques and technologies, the anesthetic options and ventilation strategies, and the anticipated postprocedural complications...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Vikas Saini, Tanvir Samra, Gurpreet Kaur
A 25-year-old female with congenitally corrected transposition of great arteries (CCTGAs), atrial septal defect, and severe pulmonary stenosis underwent lower segment cesarean section at 34 weeks of gestation using combined spinal epidural anesthesia (CSEA). We used transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for intraoperative monitoring of the cardiovascular system because these patients are reported to have a high prevalence of myocardial perfusion defects, regional wall motion abnormalities, and impaired ventricular contractility...
October 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Wojciech Mądry, Maciej A Karolczak, Ewa Zacharska-Kokot
We present a case of double-chambered right ventricle diagnosed during preparation for colonoscopy due to gastrointestinal bleeding in a 16-year-old, mentally disabled boy with Williams syndrome. The patient was previously diagnosed with ventricular septal defect and mild pulmonary stenosis. Echocardiography performed under general anesthesia revealed hypertrophied muscular bundles in the right ventricle with the maximum gradient of 100 mmHg, causing severe outflow obstruction. This type of defect is extremely rare in patients with Williams syndrome, with only one case, which was diagnosed during invasive angiocardiography, described in world literature...
December 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
C Kavvouras, M Vavuranakis, S Vaina, K Lampropoulos, G Bazoukis, G Tse, D Tousoulis
BACKGROUND: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) plays a unique role in transcatheter closure of atrial septal defects (ASD) and patent foramen ovale (PFO). However, problems such as the need for general anesthesia, possible trauma from endotracheal intubation, presence of "blind spots," and occasional inadequate imaging of some cardiac structures have necessitated better imaging techniques. Our study aimed to compare the findings of TEE during the initial diagnostic examination with those from intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) acquired during the interventional procedure...
January 26, 2018: Herz
Ju Deok Kim, Ilsoon Son, Won Kyoung Kwon, Tae Yun Sung, Hanafi Sidik, Karam Kim, Hyun Kang, Jiyon Bang, Gwi Eun Yeo, Dong Kyu Lee, Tae Yop Kim
BACKGROUND: Isoflurane, a common anesthetic for cardiac surgery, reduced myocardial contractility in many experimental studies, few studies have determined isoflurane's direct impact on the left ventricular (LV) contractile function during cardiac surgery. We determined whether isoflurane dose-dependently reduces the peak systolic velocity of the lateral mitral annulus in tissue Doppler imaging (S') in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: During isoflurane-supplemented remifentanil-based anesthesia for patients undergoing cardiac surgery with preoperative LV ejection fraction greater than 50% (n = 20), we analyzed the changes of S' at each isoflurane dose increment (1...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Marina Pieri, Giovanni Landoni, Luca Cabrini
Endoscopic procedures, such as transesophageal echocardiography, gastroscopy, and airway fibroscopy, routinely are performed in a heterogenous population of patients for diagnostic/interventional purposes (eg, transfemoral aortic valve replacement, airway fibroscopies, and intubation). Sedation frequently is administered to achieve an appropriate degree of patient compliance and procedure success. Patients with reduced respiratory reserve or those who are overly sedated, however, may develop hypoxia and respiratory failure during endoscopies, necessitating premature termination of the examination itself...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Jeron Zerillo, Bryan Hill, Sang Kim, Samuel DeMaria, M Susan Mandell
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Describe transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) use, preparatory training and opinions about clinical importance, and future training pathways in a sample of liver transplant anesthesiologists. DESIGN: Online survey questionnaire. SETTING: Liver Transplant Centers in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Director of Liver Transplant Anesthesia or designated alternate respondent. RESULTS: A total of 79 Directors or alternates from 111 (71%) centers were identified...
January 1, 2018: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Alberto Rodriguez Barbon, Gale Glendewar, Aimee L Drane, Robert Shave, Andrew Routh
Fourteen captive Livingstone's fruit bats ( Pteropus livingstonii) were anesthetized for routine veterinary health checks, including echocardiography, using sevoflurane. In addition, three specimens suffering from cardiac disease and a pregnant specimen were anesthetized for clinical assessment. No anesthetic complications were observed in any of the specimens. Significant differences in the core body temperature were found between the esophageal and rectal measurements. A significant decrease in blood glucose was noted through the anesthesia, suspected to be related to an extended fasting period prior to the procedure...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Robertas Stasys Samalavicius, Ieva Norkiene, Agne Drasutiene, Arturas Lipnevicius, Vilius Janusauskas, Karolis Urbonas, Diana Zakarkaite, Audrius Aidietis, Kestutis Rucinskas
BACKGROUND: Transapical implantation of artificial chordae using the NeoChord system (NeoChord Inc, Minneapolis, MN) is an emerging beating-heart technique for correction of mitral regurgitation (MR) through a minimally invasive left minithoracotomy. The purpose of the study was to describe the anesthetic management and procedural success of patients undergoing this procedure. METHODS: All patients (n = 76) who underwent mitral valve repair with the NeoChord system in our institution from December 2011 to December 2016 were included in this observational prospective study...
March 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Ming-Dan Deng, Xin Wei, Hong Tang, Yu-Yan Cai, Gu-Yue Liu, Da Zhu, Ying-Qiang Guo
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of echocardiography in pre-procedural,peri-procedural and post-procedural stages of transapical transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in patients with aortic regurgitation (AR). METHODS: 31 patients with pure/dominant AR at a high risk on surgery were enrolled in this study. The degree of their aortic regurgitation was evaluated before TAVI,as well as the related diameters of aortic root and the left ventricular systolic function measured by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE)...
November 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
Tomoyuki Suzuki, Masaki Hata, Kazuhiro Yamaya, Takeshi Saitou, Fumiya Haba, Masahiro Matsuno
Emergent ascending aortic replacement and extended myectomy were performed in a woman with acute aortic dissection who was aged 63 years. Preoperative transthoracic echocardiography performed in the intensive care unit showed only slight left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction, but intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography after induction of anesthesia revealed pericardial effusion, systolic anterior motion(SAM), and associated mitral regurgitation(MR). Perioperative SAM and MR are sometimes facilitated under various hemodynamic conditions, but in this case, the left ventricular wall was thick and LVOT appeared to be obstructive by a hypertrophied septum...
December 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Damian Balmforth, Andrew Smith, David Nagore, Richard Schilling, Ben O'Brien
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and safety of using a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) compared with a cuffed oral endotracheal tube (COETT) for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). DESIGN: Prospective, cohort study. SETTING: A single-center inner-city hospital. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised adult patients undergoing elective AF ablation with periprocedural TEE over a 3-year period...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Edinrin Obasare, Sumeet K Mainigi, D Lynn Morris, Leandro Slipczuk, Igor Goykhman, Evan Friend, Mary Rodriguez Ziccardi, Gregg S Pressman
Accurate assessment of the left atrial appendage (LAA) is important for pre-procedure planning when utilizing device closure for stroke reduction. Sizing is traditionally done with transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) but this is not always precise. Three-dimensional (3D) printing of the LAA may be more accurate. 24 patients underwent Watchman device (WD) implantation (71 ± 11 years, 42% female). All had complete 2-dimensional TEE. Fourteen also had cardiac computed tomography (CCT) with 3D printing to produce a latex model of the LAA for pre-procedure planning...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Isaac Palma-Zamora, Deepansh Dalela, Ravi Barod, Linda Hsu, Mani Menon, Craig G Rogers
We report a case of left-sided renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with level 4 cavoatrial tumor thrombus where robotic assistance was used to achieve hemostasis around the kidney in order to minimize coagulopathic hemorrhage from the nephrectomy bed during subsequent open completion nephrectomy and cavoatrial thrombectomy under extracorporeal circulation and hypothermic circulatory arrest. Robotic assistance allowed for meticulous dissection and ligation of parasitic and arterial vessels to the kidney, release of renal attachments, and exposure of the inferior vena cava...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Toru Yamamoto, Noriko Miyazawa, Shinichi Yamamoto, Hiroshi Kawahara
We report on a morbidly obese 16-year-old boy (weight, 116 kg; height, 176 cm; body mass index, 35.5 kg/m2 ) with mitochondrial encephalomyopathy and a history of cerebral infarction, epilepsy, and severe mental retardation. The patient was scheduled for elective surgery under general anesthesia for multiple dental caries and entropion of the left eye. Preoperative examination results, including an electrocardiogram, were normal. No obvious cardiac function abnormalities were observed on echocardiography. Midazolam (10 mg) was administered orally as premedication 30 minutes before transfer to the operating room; however, the patient was uncooperative, and his body movements were difficult to control upon entering the operating room...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
Satoru Fujiwara, Hajime Yoshimura, Kenta Nishiya, Keiichi Oshima, Michi Kawamoto, Nobuo Kohara
A 67-year-old man presented with hoarseness, dysarthria and deviation of the tongue to the left side the day after the open-heart operation under general anesthesia. Brain MRI demonstrated no causal lesion, and laryngoscope showed left vocal cord abductor palsy, so we diagnosed him with Tapia's syndrome (i.e., concomitant paralysis of the left recurrent and hypoglossal nerve). His neurological symptoms recovered gradually and improved completely four months after the onset. Tapia's syndrome is a rare condition caused by the extra cranial lesion of the recurrent laryngeal branch of the vagus nerve and the hypoglossal nerve, and mostly described as a complication of tracheal intubation...
December 27, 2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Yundan Pan, Jiaojiao Niu, Gang Qin, Lu Wang, Fan Zhang, E Wang
To observe the clinical parameters and short-term prognosis of Tibetan high-altitude area children with congenital heart disease undergoing surgery and anaesthesia in low-altitude area, and to investigate the perioperative safety of the treatment.
 Methods: From January, 2016 to December, 2016, 14 children with congenital heart disease who underwent surgery were assigned into 2 groups (n=7 each): the high-altitude area group (X group, children from Tibetan Autonomous Region) and the low-altitude area group (H group, children from Hunan Province)...
November 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
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