keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Adult and Childrens Immunization

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457312/update-on-tuberculosis-biomarkers-from-correlates-of-risk-to-correlates-of-active-disease-and-of-cure-from-disease
#1
REVIEW
Delia Goletti, Meng-Rui Lee, Jann-Yuan Wang, Nicholas Walter, Tom H M Ottenhoff
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a devastating disease, yet despite its enormous toll on global health, tools to control TB are insufficient and often outdated. TB Biomarkers (TB-BM) would constitute extremely useful tools to measure infection status and predict outcome of infection, vaccination or therapy. There are several types of TB-BM: Correlate of Infection; Correlate of TB Disease; Correlate of Increased Risk of Developing Active TB Disease; Correlate of the Curative Response to Therapy; and Correlate of Protection (CoP)...
February 18, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454516/immunity-against-measles-mumps-rubella-varicella-diphtheria-tetanus-polio-hepatitis-a-and-hepatitis-b-among-adult-asylum-seekers-in-the-netherlands-2016
#2
Gudrun S Freidl, Alma Tostmann, Moud Curvers, Wilhelmina L M Ruijs, Gaby Smits, Rutger Schepp, Erwin Duizer, Greet Boland, Hester de Melker, Fiona R M van der Klis, Jeannine L A Hautvast, Irene K Veldhuijzen
Asylum seekers are a vulnerable population for contracting infectious diseases. Outbreaks occur among children and adults. In the Netherlands, asylum seeker children are offered vaccination according to the National Immunization Program. Little is known about protection against vaccine-preventable diseases (VPD) in adult asylum seekers. In this 2016 study, we assessed the immunity of adult asylum seekers against nine VPD to identify groups that might benefit from additional vaccinations. We invited asylum seekers from Syria, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Eritrea and Ethiopia to participate in a serosurvey...
February 14, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453553/-microbiome-atopic-eczema-and-blockade-of-type-2-immunity
#3
REVIEW
M Köberle, T Biedermann
Atopic dermatitis affects roughly 20% of children and 3% of adults in Germany and other industrial countries, with an increasing prevalence. Its causality has still not been conclusively clarified but a type‑2 T‑helper cell mediated immunity reaction (type 2 immunity) dominates cutaneous inflammation. In the quest for the underlying pathogenic mechanisms and the development of improved prevention and treatment options, attention is also increasingly being paid to the influence of microbial colonization...
February 16, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453396/bone-marrow-lympho-myeloid-malfunction-in-obesity-requires-precursor-cell-autonomous-tlr4
#4
Ailing Liu, Minhui Chen, Rashmi Kumar, Maja Stefanovic-Racic, Robert M O'Doherty, Ying Ding, Willi Jahnen-Dechent, Lisa Borghesi
Obesity, a prevalent condition in adults and children, impairs bone marrow (BM) function. However, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Here, we show that obese mice exhibit poor emergency immune responses in a toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-dependent manner. Canonical myeloid genes (Csf1r, Spi1, Runx1) are enhanced, and lymphoid genes (Flt3, Tcf3, Ebf1) are reduced. Using adoptive transfer and mixed BM chimera approaches we demonstrate that myeloid>lymphoid bias arises after 6 weeks of high-fat diet and depends on precursor cell-autonomous TLR4...
February 16, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449680/pd-l1-expression-in-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumors
#5
Tricia R Cottrell, Anh T Duong, Christopher D Gocke, Haiying Xu, Aleksandra Ogurtsova, Janis M Taube, Deborah A Belchis
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor is a rare mesenchymal tumor occurring at many anatomic sites, with a predilection for children and young adults. Often indolent, they can be locally aggressive and can metastasize, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. Therapeutic options are often limited. The identification of underlying kinase mutations has allowed the use of targeted therapy in a subset of patients. Unfortunately, not all tumors harbor mutations and resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy is a potential problem...
February 15, 2018: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448179/elevated-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-non-affective-psychotic-adolescent-inpatients-evidence-for-early-association-between-inflammation-and-psychosis
#6
Yael Bustan, Adi Drapisz, David H Ben Dor, Matan Avrahami, Maya Schwartz-Lifshitz, Abraham Weizman, Ran Barzilay
Accumulating data suggest an association between inflammation and schizophrenia and related psychosis. While several studies have established this immune-psychosis association in adult schizophrenia patients, there is very limited data associating inflammation with acute psychosis in children and adolescents. The ratio between neutrophils and lymphocyte, computed from routine blood counts, has been shown to correlate with traditional markers of inflammation, and is therefore considered a proxy-marker for inflammation...
February 12, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444185/humoral-and-cell-mediated-immune-responses-after-a-booster-dose-of-hbv-vaccine-in-hiv-infected-children-adolescents-and-young-adults
#7
Vania Giacomet, Michela Masetti, Pilar Nannini, Federica Forlanini, Mario Clerici, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti, Daria Trabattoni
OBJECTIVE: HBV vaccine induces protective antibodies only in 23-56% of HIV-infected children. The aim of our study is to evaluate the immunologic effects of a booster dose of HBV vaccine in HIV-infected youth. DESIGN: 53 young HIV-infected patients in whom HBV vaccination did not elicit protective Ab titers were enrolled. All patients were on ART with optimal immunological and viral response. METHOD: All patients received a booster dose of HBV vaccine (HBVAXPRO 10 μg i...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442293/recombinant-human-ph20-baseline-analysis-of-the-reactive-antibody-prevalence-in-the-general-population-using-healthy-subjects
#8
Sanna Rosengren, Jennifer Souratha, Dave Conway, Douglas B Muchmore, Barry J Sugarman
BACKGROUND: Recombinant human PH20 (rHuPH20) is used to depolymerize hyaluronan in the subcutaneous space, increasing the dispersion and absorption of co-administered drugs. While ~ 5 to 10% of rHuPH20 treatment-naïve healthy volunteers have demonstrated rHuPH20-reactive antibodies, associations with age, sex, fertility, and immune disorders remain unknown. OBJECTIVES: Using demographically diverse healthy volunteers, we assessed the prevalence of rHuPH20-reactive antibodies in the general population and potential associations with fertility and autoimmunity diseases...
February 13, 2018: BioDrugs: Clinical Immunotherapeutics, Biopharmaceuticals and Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441874/serum-il-6-il-23-profile-and-treg-th17-peripheral-cell-populations-in-pediatric-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#9
Xiao-Min Zhu, Ying-Zuo Shi, Ming Cheng, Da-Feng Wang, Jian-Feng Fan
IL-6 and IL-23 are both pleiotropic cytokines involved in the regulation of the immune response, inflammation, and hematopoeisis. They also could mediate effector cells and tolerance mediated by cells with regulatory function. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with a reduced ratio of Treg cells ato Th17 effector cells in peripheral blood and is characterised by a pro-inflammatory cytokine microenvironment which supports the continued generation of Th17 cells. It is well described in adults but little is known in a pediatric population...
May 1, 2017: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429063/the-moral-obligation-to-be-vaccinated-utilitarianism-contractualism-and-collective-easy-rescue
#10
Alberto Giubilini, Thomas Douglas, Julian Savulescu
We argue that individuals who have access to vaccines and for whom vaccination is not medically contraindicated have a moral obligation to contribute to the realisation of herd immunity by being vaccinated. Contrary to what some have claimed, we argue that this individual moral obligation exists in spite of the fact that each individual vaccination does not significantly affect vaccination coverage rates and therefore does not significantly contribute to herd immunity. Establishing the existence of a moral obligation to be vaccinated (both for adults and for children) despite the negligible contribution each vaccination can make to the realisation of herd immunity is important because such moral obligation would strengthen the justification for coercive vaccination policies...
February 10, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427995/severe-thrombocytopaenia-in-patients-with-vivax-malaria-compared-to-falciparum-malaria-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Cho Naing, Maxine A Whittaker
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium vivax is the most geographically widespread species among human malaria parasites. Immunopathological studies have shown that platelets are an important component of the host innate immune response against malaria infections. The objectives of this study were to quantify thrombocytopaenia in P. vivax malaria patients and to determine the associated risks of severe thrombocytopaenia in patients with vivax malaria compared to patients with P. falciparum malaria. MAIN BODY: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the available literature on thrombocytopaenia in P...
February 9, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426751/the-dietary-inflammatory-index-and-current-wheeze-among-children-and-adults-in-the-united-states
#12
Yueh-Ying Han, Erick Forno, Nitin Shivappa, Michael D Wirth, James R Hébert, Juan C Celedón
BACKGROUND: A proinflammatory diet may increase allergic airway inflammation by affecting innate and adaptive immune responses. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we examine the relation between the diet's inflammatory potential, measured by the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII), and current asthma, current wheeze, and lung function in U.S. children and adults. METHODS: We analyzed data from 8,175 children (aged 6-17 years) and 22,294 adults (aged 18-79 years) who participated in the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426661/national-immunization-strategies-targeting-migrants-in-six-european-countries
#13
Cristina Giambi, Martina Del Manso, Teresa Dalla Zuanna, Flavia Riccardo, Antonino Bella, Maria Grazia Caporali, Agoritsa Baka, Nuska Caks-Jager, Tanya Melillo, Ricardo Mexia, Goranka Petrović, Silvia Declich
Over the last three years an unprecedented flow of migrants arrived in Europe. There is evidence that vaccine preventable diseases have caused outbreaks in migrant holding centres. These outbreaks can be favored by a combination of factors including low immunization coverage, bad conditions that migrants face during their exhausting journey and overcrowding within holding facilities. In 2017, we conducted an online survey in Croatia, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal and Slovenia to explore the national immunization strategies targeting irregular migrants, refugees and asylum seekers...
February 6, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422238/eosinophilic-oesophagitis-current-evidence-based-diagnosis-and-treatment
#14
Alfredo J Lucendo, Javier Molina-Infante
Eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE) is a disease caused by an immune response to food antigens in contact with the oesophageal mucosa. Its diagnosis is defined by the combination of oesophageal dysfunction symptoms and inflammation of the oesophageal mucosa predominantly by eosinophils. Its chronic course and frequent progression to subepithelial fibrosis and oesophageal strictures indicate the need for treatment. The information provided by recent clinical trials and systematic reviews has led to the development of new clinical guidelines, endorsed by several European scientific societies...
February 5, 2018: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420537/paediatric-schistosomiasis-what-we-know-and-what-we-need-to-know
#15
REVIEW
Derick N M Osakunor, Mark E J Woolhouse, Francisca Mutapi
Schistosomiasis affects over 200 million people worldwide, most of whom are children. Research and control strategies directed at preschool-aged children (PSAC), i.e., ≤5 years old, have lagged behind those in older children and adults. With the recent WHO revision of the schistosomiasis treatment guidelines to include PSAC, and the recognition of gaps in our current knowledge on the disease and its treatment in this age group, there is now a concerted effort to address these shortcomings. Global and national schistosome control strategies are yet to include PSAC in treatment schedules...
February 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415569/the-adhesins-of-non-typeable-haemophilus-influenzae
#16
Karen L Osman, Johanna M Jefferies, Christopher H Woelk, David W Cleary, Stuart C Clarke
Non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is an opportunistic pathogen of the respiratory tract and the greatest contributor to invasive Haemophilus disease. Additionally, in children, NTHi is responsible for the majority of otitis media (OM) which can lead to chronic infection and hearing loss. In adults, NTHi infection in the lungs is responsible for the onset of acute exacerbations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Unfortunately, there is currently no vaccine available to protect against NTHi infections...
February 8, 2018: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411775/respiratory-syncytial-virus-activates-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-to-suppress-interferon-regulatory-factor-1-dependent-interferon-lambda-and-antiviral-defense-in-airway-epithelium
#17
A Kalinowski, B T Galen, I F Ueki, Y Sun, A Mulenos, A Osafo-Addo, B Clark, J Joerns, W Liu, J A Nadel, C S Dela Cruz, J L Koff
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) persists as a significant human pathogen that continues to contribute to morbidity and mortality. In children, RSV is the leading cause of lower respiratory tract infections, and in adults RSV causes pneumonia and contributes to exacerbations of chronic lung diseases. RSV induces airway epithelial inflammation by activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), a tyrosine kinase receptor. Recently, EGFR inhibition was shown to decrease RSV infection, but the mechanism(s) for this effect are not known...
February 7, 2018: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409392/hiv-aids-and-older-adults-in-cameroon-emerging-issues-and-implications-for-caregiving-and-policy-making
#18
Perpetua Lum Tanyi, André Pelser, Joseph Okeibunor
The burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) on the elderly population in three divisions within the Northwest Region of Cameroon was examined. Data for this paper were extracted from a larger study which had been conducted concerning the burden of HIV infection and AIDS on the older adults in the Northwest Region of Cameroon. Using in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs), data were collected from 36 participants who were purposively selected from the three divisions which had been chosen randomly...
December 2018: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406442/genetic-risk-of-apol1-and-kidney-disease-in-children-and-young-adults-of-african-ancestry
#19
Kimberly J Reidy, Rebecca Hjorten, Rulan S Parekh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Understanding the genetic risk of APOL1 in children and young adults is important given the lifetime risk of hypertension and kidney disease among children of African descent. We review recent epidemiologic and biologic findings on the effects of APOL1 and kidney disease. RECENT FINDINGS: APOL1 in children and young adults is associated with hypertension, albuminuria and more rapid decline in kidney function and progression to end-stage kidney disease, especially among those with glomerular causes of kidney disease, and those affected by sickle cell disease or HIV...
February 5, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403652/high-level-of-specific-anti-plasmodium-falciparum-merozoite-igg1-antibodies-in-rural-asymptomatic-individuals-of-dienga-south-eastern-gabon
#20
Irène Pegha-Moukandja, Roméo-Karl Imboumy-Limoukou, Nina Tchitoula-Makaya, Augustin-Ghislain Mouinga-Ondeme, Jean Claude Biteghe-Bi-Essone, Dieudonne Nkoghe Mba, Jean-Bernard Lekana-Douki, Fousseyni S Toure Ndouo
Plasmodium falciparum merozoite antigens (PfMAgs) play an essential role in the development of immunity to malaria. Currently, P. falciparum: protein 113 (Pf 113), apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA1), erythrocyte binding antigens (EBA175), and reticulocyte binding protein homologue 5 (RH5) are among the most PfMAgs studied. A comparative analysis of naturally acquired antibodies against these antigens in children would increase our knowledge about the development of protective immunity. Analysis of antibodies to Pf113, PfAMA1, PfEBA175, and PfRH5 was conducted in rural population during 2013 and 2014...
December 18, 2017: European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology
keyword
keyword
29204
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"