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autism AND teenager

E K Hreich, C Messarra, S Roux, C Barthélémy, S Richa
: The Behavioral Summarized Evaluation is a rating scale specifically related to the assessment of autistic behaviors in children and young teenagers with Autism Spectrum Disorder, such as communication, social interaction and interests. It also facilitates progressive recording of the evolution of children with ASD involved in short-term therapeutical studies. In the absence of standardized tools to assess autistic behaviors and effects of therapeutics in Lebanon, the BSE-R validation is an urgent need...
September 13, 2016: L'Encéphale
Joseph Vedora, Tiffany Barry
The current study extended research on picture prompts by using them with a progressive prompt delay to teach receptive labeling of pictures to 2 teenagers with autism. The procedure differed from prior research because the auditory stimulus was not presented or was presented only once during the picture-prompt condition. The results indicated that the combination of picture prompts and prompt delay was effective, although 1 participant required a procedural modification.
July 14, 2016: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
David L Chandler
In April 2016, in honor of Autism Acceptance Month, Apple released a video that quickly went viral, racking up more than 4 million views in its first few days (https://youtube/oMN2PeFama0). It shows a teenage boy named Dillan whose life has been completely transformed by the use of an iPad. As a nonverbal person, until he learned to use the device, he had no way of showing people that he was aware, thoughtful, paying attention, and eager to communicate. He just didn't have the necessary control over his body?s vocal apparatus to let people know he was really there...
July 2016: IEEE Pulse
Mio Hamatani, Naoto Jingami, Kengo Uemura, Naoe Nakasone, Hisanori Kinoshita, Hodaka Yamakado, Haruaki Ninomiya, Ryosuke Takahashi
A 40-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of vertical supranuclear gaze palsy, frequent sudden loss of muscle tonus and ataxia for several years. He had a history of prolonged neonatal jaundice. He was given a diagnosis of autism in his childhood, followed by a diagnosis of schizophrenia in his teenage. He also developed a savant skill of calendar calculating. (123)I-IMP-SPECT showed decreased cerebral blood flow in the left frontotemporal lobe as often seen in savant syndrome. Although genetic analysis of NPC1 and NPC2 revealed no pathogenic mutation, filipin staining of cultured fibroblasts from his biopsied skin revealed a certain amount of intracellular cholesterol storage pattern, indicating a variant biochemical phenotype of Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC)...
June 22, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Loyal Coshway, Julia Broussard, Kruti Acharya, Karen Fried, Michael E Msall, John D Lantos, Leena Nahata
Teens with autism spectrum disorder often exhibit sexual behaviors in public that are disturbing to parents, teachers, and peers. Some have proposed that such behaviors can be curtailed with hormonal suppression. There is information on the Internet suggesting that such medications work, and some reports in the peer-reviewed medical literature support these claims. Such medications can have serious side effects. In this paper, we present a case in which parents requested such treatment of their teenage son with autism spectrum disorder...
April 2016: Pediatrics
Azadeh Memarian, Shahrokh Mehrpisheh
Intellectual disability is a term used when a person has certain limitations in mental functioning and skills. Autism is a group of developmental brain disorders, collectively called autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Teenagers with learning and physical disabilities are more likely to have menstrual problems compared to the general populations. The parents of a 12-year-old girl with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability referred to the coroner due to her numerous problems of puberty (menstruation) including: poor hygiene and polluting herself and the environment, not allowing to put or change the pads and changes in mood and physical health prior period, requested for the surgery (hysterectomy)...
October 2015: Acta Medica Iranica
Danielle Stutzman, Julie Dopheide
PURPOSE: Successful use of acetylcysteine to control irritability and aggressive behaviors in a hospitalized adolescent patient with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is described. SUMMARY: A 17-year-old Hispanic male with ASD and intellectual disability was hospitalized for inpatient psychiatric treatment due to impulsive and violent behavior. Despite receiving various medications in the initial weeks of hospitalization, including intramuscular lorazepam and diphenhydramine injections (four days a week on average), the patient continued to exhibit aggressive and unpredictable behaviors...
November 15, 2015: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Bora Han, Charles Tijus, Florence Le Barillier, Jacqueline Nadel
A morphing procedure has been designed to compare directly the perception of emotional expressions and of moving objects. Morphing tasks were presented to 12 low-functioning teenagers with Autism Spectrum Disorder (LF ASD) compared to 12 developmental age-matched typical children and a group presenting ceiling performance. In a first study, when presented with morphed stimuli of objects and emotional faces, LF ASD showed an intact perception of object change of state together with an impaired perception of emotional facial change of state...
December 2015: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Kirsten Visser, Kirstin Greaves-Lord, Nouchka T Tick, Frank C Verhulst, Athanasios Maras, Esther J M van der Vegt
BACKGROUND: Previous research shows that adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) run several risks in their psychosexual development and that these adolescents can have limited access to reliable information on puberty and sexuality, emphasizing the need for specific guidance of adolescents with ASD in their psychosexual development. Few studies have investigated the effects of psychosexual training programs for adolescents with ASD and to date no randomized controlled trials are available to study the effects of psychosexual interventions for this target group...
2015: BMC Psychiatry
Elizabeth Fein
Every summer, a group of role-playing gamers gathers in an American town. Dressed up as moon goddesses, mad scientists, and other fantastical characters, they act out elaborate, improvised narratives of transformation, destruction, and redemption. For several summers, this group, who I call the Journeyfolk, ran a camp for teenagers on the autism spectrum, engaging campers in therapeutic reconfigurations of self and social role. Through this folk healing practice, the meaning of autism was itself transformed; what had been a source of isolation became a source of commonality and community...
June 2015: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
Søren Nielsen, Henrik Anckarsäter, Carina Gillberg, Christopher Gillberg, Maria Råstam, Elisabet Wentz
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to evaluate time trends and effects of co-existing autism spectrum disorders (ASD) on outcome in an ongoing long-term follow-up study of anorexia nervosa (AN). METHODS: The Morgan-Russell Outcome Assessment Schedule (MROAS) was used at 6-, 10- and 18-year follow-up of a representative sample of 51 individuals with teenage-onset AN and a matched group of 51 healthy comparison cases. The full multinomial distribution of responses for the full scale and each of the subscales was evaluated using exact nonparametric statistical methods...
2015: Molecular Autism
D Jeha, I Usta, L Ghulmiyyah, A Nassar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risks and consequences of young maternal age on both the mother and the newborn. STUDY DESIGN: A comprehensive literature review on the risks and consequences of adolescent pregnancy was performed. RESULTS: Young maternal age is associated with an increased risk of maternal anemia, infections, eclampsia and preeclampsia, emergency cesarean delivery, postpartum depression and inadequate breastfeeding initiation. Infants of teenage mothers are more likely to be premature and have a low birth weight, and are at an increased risk for respiratory distress syndrome and autism later in life...
March 12, 2015: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
Lise Mogensen, Jan Mason
There is a lack of consideration for the effects that labels such as autism, and the associated diagnostic processes, have on the children to whom they are applied. In this article we present research conducted with five teenagers diagnosed with autism. Through a collaborative, participatory research approach, these teenagers shared their experiences of their diagnosis using communication methods of their choice. The young people's accounts illustrate the understandings they had of autism. Important findings from the research illustrate how the participants integrated this knowledge with their sense of self, how they negotiated issues of identity and the meanings that feeling 'different' had for them...
February 2015: Sociology of Health & Illness
Christopher Oakley, E Mark Mahone, Christina Morris-Berry, Tina Kline, Harvey S Singer
BACKGROUND: Complex motor stereotypies are rhythmic, repetitive, fixed, and purposeless movements that stop with distraction. Once believed to occur only in children with autism spectrum or other developmental disorders, their presence in otherwise typically developing children (primary) has been well-established. In primary complex motor stereotypies, little information is available about the long-term outcome of these movements or existing comorbidities. METHODS: Forty-nine healthy participants (31 boys), ages 9 to 20 years with primary complex motor stereotypies who were previously diagnosed at a pediatric movements disorder clinic, were identified from medical records...
April 2015: Pediatric Neurology
Jerzy Wegiel, Michael Flory, Izabela Kuchna, Krzysztof Nowicki, Shuang Yong Ma, Humi Imaki, Jarek Wegiel, Janusz Frackowiak, Bozena Mazur Kolecka, Teresa Wierzba-Bobrowicz, Eric London, Thomas Wisniewski, Patrick R Hof, W Ted Brown
INTRODUCTION: Characterization of the type and topography of structural changes and their alterations throughout the lifespan of individuals with autism is essential for understanding the mechanisms contributing to the autistic phenotype. The aim of this stereological study of neurons in 16 brain structures of 14 autistic and 14 control subjects from 4 to 64 years of age was to establish the course of neuronal nuclear and cytoplasmic volume changes throughout the lifespan of individuals with autism...
2015: Acta Neuropathologica Communications
Esther I de Bruin, John H Graham, Anneke Louwerse, Anja C Huizink
Dermatoglyphics, ridge constellations on the hands and feet, are permanently formed by the second trimester of pregnancy. Consequently, they are considered "fossilized" evidence of a specific prenatal period. A high frequency of dermatoglyphic anomalies, or a high rate of dermatoglyphic asymmetry (discordance), is an indication of developmental instability (prenatal disturbances) prior to 24-week gestation. Most dermatoglyphic studies in psychiatry focus on adult schizophrenia. Studies on dermatoglyphic deviances and autism are sparse, include severely disturbed and intellectually retarded patients with autism, and are carried out mainly in non-Western European populations...
2014: Autism Research and Treatment
Hilda Razzaghi, Matthew Oster, Jennita Reefhuis
OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent of long-term morbidity in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). STUDY DESIGN: We used data from the 1997-2011 National Health Interview Survey to study long-term outcomes in children aged 0-17 years with CHD. Parents were asked whether their child was diagnosed with CHD. We assessed for comorbidities, including autism/autism spectrum disorders; healthcare utilization, including number of emergency room visits; and daily life aspects, including number of days of school missed...
January 2015: Journal of Pediatrics
Amy Emerson, Linnae Ponté, Lisa Jerome, Rick Doblin
This article describes the teenage vision of the founder of the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) that humanity's future would be aided by the therapeutic and spiritual potential of psychedelic substances. The article traces the trajectory of MAPS from inception in 1986 to its present, noting future goals with respect to research, outreach, and harm reduction. MAPS was created as a non-profit psychedelic pharmaceutical company in response to the 1985 scheduling of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)...
January 2014: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
C Gillberg, M Råstam
In a sample of 51 teenagers with anorexia nervosa (AN)-which included 24 cases constituting the total population of AN cases born in 1970-several had shown social, communicative and behaviour patterns suggestive of autistic-like conditions as children, long before the onset of AN. One of the three boys in the AN group had Asperger syndrome. Three of the 48 girls had histories suggesting high functioning autism and continued to show many features typical of autism. Two further girls had Tourette syndrome and obsessive-compulsive traits in combination with social interaction problems...
1992: Behavioural Neurology
Esubalew Bekele, Julie Crittendon, Zhi Zheng, Amy Swanson, Amy Weitlauf, Zachary Warren, Nilanjan Sarkar
Teenagers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and age-matched controls participated in a dynamic facial affect recognition task within a virtual reality (VR) environment. Participants identified the emotion of a facial expression displayed at varied levels of intensity by a computer generated avatar. The system assessed performance (i.e., accuracy, confidence ratings, response latency, and stimulus discrimination) as well as how participants used their gaze to process facial information using an eye tracker...
July 2014: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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