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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770526/increased-prevalence-of-unusual-sensory-behaviors-in-infants-at-risk-for-and-teens-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Hannah M Van Etten, Maninderjit Kaur, Sudha M Srinivasan, Shereen J Cohen, Anjana Bhat, Karen R Dobkins
The current study investigated the prevalence and pattern of unusual sensory behaviors (USBs) in teens with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and infants (3-36 months) at risk for ASD. From two different sites (UCSD and UConn), caregivers of infants at high (n = 32) and low risk (n = 33) for ASD, and teenagers with (n = 12) and without ASD (n = 11), completed age-appropriate Sensory Profile questionnaires (Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile; Dunn 2002; Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile; Brown and Dunn 2002)...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756550/a-pilot-study-assessing-performance-and-visual-attention-of-teenagers-with-asd-in-a-novel-adaptive-driving-simulator
#2
Joshua Wade, Amy Weitlauf, Neill Broderick, Amy Swanson, Lian Zhang, Dayi Bian, Medha Sarkar, Zachary Warren, Nilanjan Sarkar
Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), compared to typically-developed peers, may demonstrate behaviors that are counter to safe driving. The current work examines the use of a novel simulator in two separate studies. Study 1 demonstrates statistically significant performance differences between individuals with (N = 7) and without ASD (N = 7) with regards to the number of turning-related driving errors (p < 0.01). Study 2 shows that both the performance-based feedback group (N = 9) and combined performance- and gaze-sensitive feedback group (N = 8) achieved statistically significant reductions in driving errors following training (p < 0...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593714/autism-awareness-in-children-and-young-people-surveys-of-two-populations
#3
K Dillenburger, J-A Jordan, L McKerr, K Lloyd, D Schubotz
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, pupils on the autism spectrum are educated in inclusive mainstream classrooms. However, they often experience social isolation and bullying, and raising the awareness of autism in peers has been suggested as a remedy. METHODS: In order to assess autism awareness in peers, autism-related questions were included in two large-scale surveys: the Kids Life and Times survey for 11-year olds and the Young Life and Times survey for 16-year olds; a total of n = 3353 children and young people completed the surveys...
August 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580294/gender-differences-in-the-structural-connectome-of-the-teenage-brain-revealed-by-generalized-q-sampling-mri
#4
Yeu-Sheng Tyan, Jan-Ray Liao, Chao-Yu Shen, Yu-Chieh Lin, Jun-Cheng Weng
The question of whether there are biological differences between male and female brains is a fraught one, and political positions and prior expectations seem to have a strong influence on the interpretation of scientific data in this field. This question is relevant to issues of gender differences in the prevalence of psychiatric conditions, including autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Tourette's syndrome, schizophrenia, dyslexia, depression, and eating disorders. Understanding how gender influences vulnerability to these conditions is significant...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276079/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-examine-the-effects-of-the-tackling-teenage-psychosexual-training-program-for-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Kirsten Visser, Kirstin Greaves-Lord, Nouchka T Tick, Frank C Verhulst, Athanasios Maras, Esther J M van der Vegt
BACKGROUND: Previous research underscores the importance of psychosexual guidance for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Such guidance is provided in the Tackling Teenage Training (TTT) program, in which adolescents with ASD receive psycho-education and practice communicative skills regarding topics related to puberty, sexuality, and intimate relationships. This randomized controlled trial investigated the effects of the TTT program on (a) cognitive outcomes (i.e. psychosexual knowledge, and insight in interpersonal boundaries) and (b) behavioral outcomes (i...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115297/social-skills-training-for-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-using-facebook-project-rex-connect-a-survey-study
#6
McLeod Frampton Gwynette, Danielle Morriss, Nancy Warren, James Truelove, Jennifer Warthen, Charles Paul Ross, George Mood, Charlotte Anne Snook, Jeffrey Borckardt
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) spend more time using electronic screen media than neurotypical peers; preliminary evidence suggests that computer-assisted or Web-based interventions may be beneficial for social skills acquisition. The current generation of adolescents accesses the Internet through computers or phones almost daily, and Facebook is the most frequently used social media platform among teenagers. This is the first research study to explore the use of Facebook as a therapeutic tool for adolescents with ASD...
January 23, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030749/rash-and-arthralgias-in-a-teenager-with-autism
#7
Amanda Jacobsen, Katherine DeNiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637874/-validation-in-arabic-of-the-revised-autistic-behavior-summarized-evaluation-scale-bse-r
#8
E K Hreich, C Messarra, S Roux, C Barthélémy, S Richa
The Behavioral Summarized Evaluation is a rating scale specifically related to the assessment of autistic behaviors in children and young teenagers with Autism Spectrum Disorder, such as communication, social interaction and interests. It also facilitates progressive recording of the evolution of children with ASD involved in short-term therapeutical studies. In the absence of standardized tools to assess autistic behaviors and effects of therapeutics in Lebanon, the BSE-R validation is an urgent need. The purpose of this study is to validate the BSE-R to the Lebanese population...
September 13, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417662/the-use-of-picture-prompts-and-prompt-delay-to-teach-receptive-labeling
#9
Joseph Vedora, Tiffany Barry
The current study extended research on picture prompts by using them with a progressive prompt delay to teach receptive labeling of pictures to 2 teenagers with autism. The procedure differed from prior research because the auditory stimulus was not presented or was presented only once during the picture-prompt condition. The results indicated that the combination of picture prompts and prompt delay was effective, although 1 participant required a procedural modification.
December 2016: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27414634/opening-new-worlds-for-those-with-autism-technology-is-creating-great-new-possibilities-for-those-on-every-part-of-the-spectrum
#10
David L Chandler
In April 2016, in honor of Autism Acceptance Month, Apple released a video that quickly went viral, racking up more than 4 million views in its first few days (https://youtube/oMN2PeFama0). It shows a teenage boy named Dillan whose life has been completely transformed by the use of an iPad. As a nonverbal person, until he learned to use the device, he had no way of showing people that he was aware, thoughtful, paying attention, and eager to communicate. He just didn't have the necessary control over his body?s vocal apparatus to let people know he was really there...
July 2016: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27181747/a-case-of-variant-biochemical-phenotype-of-niemann-pick-disease-type-c-accompanying-savant-syndrome
#11
Mio Hamatani, Naoto Jingami, Kengo Uemura, Naoe Nakasone, Hisanori Kinoshita, Hodaka Yamakado, Haruaki Ninomiya, Ryosuke Takahashi
A 40-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of vertical supranuclear gaze palsy, frequent sudden loss of muscle tonus and ataxia for several years. He had a history of prolonged neonatal jaundice. He was given a diagnosis of autism in his childhood, followed by a diagnosis of schizophrenia in his teenage. He also developed a savant skill of calendar calculating. (123)I-IMP-SPECT showed decreased cerebral blood flow in the left frontotemporal lobe as often seen in savant syndrome. Although genetic analysis of NPC1 and NPC2 revealed no pathogenic mutation, filipin staining of cultured fibroblasts from his biopsied skin revealed a certain amount of intracellular cholesterol storage pattern, indicating a variant biochemical phenotype of Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC)...
June 22, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26936858/medical-therapy-for-inappropriate-sexual-behaviors-in-a-teen-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Loyal Coshway, Julia Broussard, Kruti Acharya, Karen Fried, Michael E Msall, John D Lantos, Leena Nahata
Teens with autism spectrum disorder often exhibit sexual behaviors in public that are disturbing to parents, teachers, and peers. Some have proposed that such behaviors can be curtailed with hormonal suppression. There is information on the Internet suggesting that such medications work, and some reports in the peer-reviewed medical literature support these claims. Such medications can have serious side effects. In this paper, we present a case in which parents requested such treatment of their teenage son with autism spectrum disorder...
April 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26615383/therapeutic-and-ethical-dilemma-of-puberty-and-menstruation-problems-in-an-intellectually-disabled-autistic-female-a-case-report
#13
Azadeh Memarian, Shahrokh Mehrpisheh
Intellectual disability is a term used when a person has certain limitations in mental functioning and skills. Autism is a group of developmental brain disorders, collectively called autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Teenagers with learning and physical disabilities are more likely to have menstrual problems compared to the general populations. The parents of a 12-year-old girl with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability referred to the coroner due to her numerous problems of puberty (menstruation) including: poor hygiene and polluting herself and the environment, not allowing to put or change the pads and changes in mood and physical health prior period, requested for the surgery (hysterectomy)...
October 2015: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26541950/acetylcysteine-for-treatment-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-symptoms
#14
Danielle Stutzman, Julie Dopheide
PURPOSE: Successful use of acetylcysteine to control irritability and aggressive behaviors in a hospitalized adolescent patient with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is described. SUMMARY: A 17-year-old Hispanic male with ASD and intellectual disability was hospitalized for inpatient psychiatric treatment due to impulsive and violent behavior. Despite receiving various medications in the initial weeks of hospitalization, including intramuscular lorazepam and diphenhydramine injections (four days a week on average), the patient continued to exhibit aggressive and unpredictable behaviors...
November 15, 2015: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26513740/morphing-technique-reveals-intact-perception-of-object-motion-and-disturbed-perception-of-emotional-expressions-by-low-functioning-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#15
Bora Han, Charles Tijus, Florence Le Barillier, Jacqueline Nadel
A morphing procedure has been designed to compare directly the perception of emotional expressions and of moving objects. Morphing tasks were presented to 12 low-functioning teenagers with Autism Spectrum Disorder (LF ASD) compared to 12 developmental age-matched typical children and a group presenting ceiling performance. In a first study, when presented with morphed stimuli of objects and emotional faces, LF ASD showed an intact perception of object change of state together with an impaired perception of emotional facial change of state...
December 2015: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26310577/study-protocol-a-randomized-controlled-trial-investigating-the-effects-of-a-psychosexual-training-program-for-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kirsten Visser, Kirstin Greaves-Lord, Nouchka T Tick, Frank C Verhulst, Athanasios Maras, Esther J M van der Vegt
BACKGROUND: Previous research shows that adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) run several risks in their psychosexual development and that these adolescents can have limited access to reliable information on puberty and sexuality, emphasizing the need for specific guidance of adolescents with ASD in their psychosexual development. Few studies have investigated the effects of psychosexual training programs for adolescents with ASD and to date no randomized controlled trials are available to study the effects of psychosexual interventions for this target group...
2015: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25812848/making-meaningful-worlds-role-playing-subcultures-and-the-autism-spectrum
#17
Elizabeth Fein
Every summer, a group of role-playing gamers gathers in an American town. Dressed up as moon goddesses, mad scientists, and other fantastical characters, they act out elaborate, improvised narratives of transformation, destruction, and redemption. For several summers, this group, who I call the Journeyfolk, ran a camp for teenagers on the autism spectrum, engaging campers in therapeutic reconfigurations of self and social role. Through this folk healing practice, the meaning of autism was itself transformed; what had been a source of isolation became a source of commonality and community...
June 2015: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25774282/effects-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-on-outcome-in-teenage-onset-anorexia-nervosa-evaluated-by-the-morgan-russell-outcome-assessment-schedule-a-controlled-community-based-study
#18
Søren Nielsen, Henrik Anckarsäter, Carina Gillberg, Christopher Gillberg, Maria Råstam, Elisabet Wentz
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to evaluate time trends and effects of co-existing autism spectrum disorders (ASD) on outcome in an ongoing long-term follow-up study of anorexia nervosa (AN). METHODS: The Morgan-Russell Outcome Assessment Schedule (MROAS) was used at 6-, 10- and 18-year follow-up of a representative sample of 51 individuals with teenage-onset AN and a matched group of 51 healthy comparison cases. The full multinomial distribution of responses for the full scale and each of the subscales was evaluated using exact nonparametric statistical methods...
2015: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25766198/a-review-of-the-risks-and-consequences-of-adolescent-pregnancy
#19
D Jeha, I Usta, L Ghulmiyyah, A Nassar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risks and consequences of young maternal age on both the mother and the newborn. STUDY DESIGN: A comprehensive literature review on the risks and consequences of adolescent pregnancy was performed. RESULTS: Young maternal age is associated with an increased risk of maternal anemia, infections, eclampsia and preeclampsia, emergency cesarean delivery, postpartum depression and inadequate breastfeeding initiation. Infants of teenage mothers are more likely to be premature and have a low birth weight, and are at an increased risk for respiratory distress syndrome and autism later in life...
March 12, 2015: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25677601/the-meaning-of-a-label-for-teenagers-negotiating-identity-experiences-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Lise Mogensen, Jan Mason
There is a lack of consideration for the effects that labels such as autism, and the associated diagnostic processes, have on the children to whom they are applied. In this article we present research conducted with five teenagers diagnosed with autism. Through a collaborative, participatory research approach, these teenagers shared their experiences of their diagnosis using communication methods of their choice. The young people's accounts illustrate the understandings they had of autism. Important findings from the research illustrate how the participants integrated this knowledge with their sense of self, how they negotiated issues of identity and the meanings that feeling 'different' had for them...
February 2015: Sociology of Health & Illness
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