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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203435/occurrence-of-vismodegib-induced-cramps-in-the-treatment-of-basal-cell-carcinoma-a-prospective-study-in-30-patients
#1
Edwina Girard, Arnaud Lacour, Henry Abi Rached, Nassima Ramdane, Carole Templier, Véronique Dziwniel, Eve Desmedt, Emilie Le Rhun, Laurent Mortier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202875/postoperative-changes-of-the-microbiome-are-surgical-complications-related-to-the-gut-flora-a-systematic-review
#2
Ann-Kathrin Lederer, Przemyslaw Pisarski, Lampros Kousoulas, Stefan Fichtner-Feigl, Carolin Hess, Roman Huber
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this review was to identify the relationship between the gut microbiome and the development of postoperative complications like anastomotic leakage or a wound infection. Recent reviews focusing on underlying molecular biology suggested that postoperative complications might be influenced by the patients' gut flora. Therefore, a review focusing on the available clinical data is needed. METHODS: In January 2017 a systematic search was carried out in Medline and WebOfScience to identify all clinical studies, which investigated postoperative complications after gastrointestinal surgery in relation to the microbiome of the gut...
December 4, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200827/severe-hypertriglyceridemia-and-colchicine-intoxication-following-suicide-attempt
#3
Shaul Lev, David Snyder, Carmil Azran, Victor Zolotarsky, Arik Dahan
Colchicine overdose is uncommon but potentially life threatening. Due to its serious adverse systemic effects, overdose must be recognized and treated. We report a case of an 18-year-old female who ingested 18 mg (~0.4 mg/kg) of colchicine in a suicide attempt. The patient's clinical manifestations included abdominal cramps, vomiting, pancytopenia, hypocholesterolemia, and rhabdomyolysis. Two unique manifestations of toxicity in this patient were profound and persistent, severe hypertriglyceridemia and electrolyte imbalance, mainly hypophosphatemia, with no other evident cause except the colchicine intoxication...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198562/disease-burden-and-costs-from-excess-alcohol-consumption-obesity-and-viral-hepatitis-fourth-report-of-the-lancet-standing-commission-on-liver-disease-in-the-uk
#4
REVIEW
Roger Williams, Graeme Alexander, Iain Armstrong, Alastair Baker, Neeraj Bhala, Ginny Camps-Walsh, Matthew E Cramp, Simon de Lusignan, Natalie Day, Anil Dhawan, John Dillon, Colin Drummond, Jessica Dyson, Graham Foster, Ian Gilmore, Mark Hudson, Deirdre Kelly, Andrew Langford, Neil McDougall, Petra Meier, Kieran Moriarty, Philip Newsome, John O'Grady, Rachel Pryke, Liz Rolfe, Peter Rice, Harry Rutter, Nick Sheron, Alison Taylor, Jeremy Thompson, Douglas Thorburn, Julia Verne, John Wass, Andrew Yeoman
This report contains new and follow-up metric data relating to the eight main recommendations of the Lancet Standing Commission on Liver Disease in the UK, which aim to reduce the unacceptable harmful consequences of excess alcohol consumption, obesity, and viral hepatitis. For alcohol, we provide data on alcohol dependence, damage to families, and the documented increase in alcohol consumption since removal of the above-inflation alcohol duty escalator. Alcoholic liver disease will shortly overtake ischaemic heart disease with regard to years of working life lost...
November 28, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197944/experience-of-symptoms-and-disease-impact-in-patients-with-adenomyosis
#5
Linda M Nelsen, William R Lenderking, Robin Pokrzywinski, Zaneta Balantac, Libby Black, Shibani Pokras, Mary Beth Enslin, Melisa Cooper, Andrea S Lukes
BACKGROUND: Adenomyosis is a poorly understood, benign disease of the uterus. OBJECTIVE: In this study, patient interviews were conducted to characterize the symptoms and impact of adenomyosis. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in which women with adenomyosis were recruited from five US clinics and a health-related social network forum. Participants (aged 18-55 years) were pre-menopausal with a history of regular menstrual cycles...
December 2, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193071/measuring-ucrit-and-endurance-equipment-choice-influences-estimates-of-fish-swimming-performance
#6
P Kern, R L Cramp, M A Gordos, J R Watson, C E Franklin
This study compared the critical swimming speed (Ucrit ) and endurance performance of three Australian freshwater fish species in different swim-test apparatus. Estimates of Ucrit measured in a large recirculating flume were greater for all species compared with estimates from a smaller model of the same recirculating flume. Large differences were also observed for estimates of endurance swimming performance between these recirculating flumes and a free-surface swim tunnel. Differences in estimates of performance may be attributable to variation in flow conditions within different types of swim chambers...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182021/injuries-depicted-in-sport-related-films
#7
Robert P Olympia, Hannah Wakefield, Bryan Wakefield, Christopher J Weber
The perception that children and adolescents have of injuries may be influenced by their depiction in sport-related films. The objective of this study was to determine the depiction of injuries in a select number of sport-related films. Forty-four films were analyzed. Injury category, on-the-field management, and long-term management were determined for each injury. Major injuries were defined as injuries requiring prompt intervention and immediate discontinuation of sport participation. A total of 49 injuries were depicted, categorized as fracture (n = 11), contusion (n = 10), brain concussion (n = 8), muscle cramps (n = 5), laceration/abrasion (n = 4), ligamentous knee injury (n = 4), shoulder dislocation (n = 2), rotator cuff injury (n = 2), ankle sprain (n = 2), and unspecified injury (n = 1)...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180891/effect-of-oxycodone-patient-controlled-intravenous-analgesia-after-cesarean-section-a-randomized-controlled-study
#8
Jing-Jing Nie, Shen Sun, Shao-Qiang Huang
Background: Oxycodone is a semisynthetic μ-opioid receptor agonist with a potentially good analgesic efficacy in visceral pain. This study aims to compare the efficacy of oxycodone with sufentanil patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA). Methods: One hundred and twenty primiparas undergoing elective cesarean section were randomized into four groups by different drugs of PCIA: group S (sufentanil 100 μg), group OS1 (sufentanil 70 μg, oxycodone 30 mg), group OS2 (sufentanil 50 μg, oxycodone 50 mg), and group O (oxycodone 100 mg)...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179650/statin-related-adverse-effects-and-patient-education-a-study-from-resource-limited-settings
#9
Rubina Mulchandani, Tanica Lyngdoh, Praloy Chakraborty, Ashish Kumar Kakkar
BACKGROUND: Statins are the most widely prescribed class of drugs for coronary artery disease (CAD) patients and yet literature on the prevalence of statin related adverse effects (AEs) and gaps in patient education is quite limited especially in resource-limited settings of developing world. OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence of myopathy (muscle ailments) and other statin associated adverse effects among CAD patients on statin therapy...
November 27, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175104/cramps-frequency-and-severity-are-correlated-with-small-and-large-nerve-fiber-measures-in-type-1-diabetes
#10
Alon Abraham, Carolina Barnett, Leif E Lovblom, Bruce A Perkins, Vera Bril, Hans D Katzberg
OBJECTIVES: To explore the correlations between different muscle cramp characteristics including cramp frequency and severity and clinical and large and small nerve fiber measures in patients with diabetes type 1 (DM 1) and 2 (DM 2). METHODS: Prospective cross sectional study of healthy controls and patients with DM 1 and DM 2 recruited between April 2009 and November 2012. Participants underwent clinical evaluation and large and small nerve fiber studies, and the frequency and correlations of muscle cramps were explored...
November 11, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174282/intranasal-dexmedetomidine-in-termination-of-first-trimester-pregnancy-of-suction-evacuation
#11
Hang Shi, Duo Yang, Jie Liu
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Deep sedation without intubation for termination of first trimester pregnancy of suction evacuation entails use of sedatives such as propofol or a combination of propofol and sulfentanil, with unwanted complications. Dexmedetomidine is an α2-adrenoreceptor agonist which provides sedation, anxiolysis and analgesia, without any of the complications associated with the popular sedatives. METHODS: A total number of 90 patients were randomized to three groups: 1...
September 24, 2017: Asian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172731/a-verified-bite-by-heteroscodra-maculata-togo-starburst-or-ornamental-baboon-tarantula-resulting-in-long-lasting-muscle-cramps
#12
Joan Fuchs, Nadine C Martin, Christine Rauber-Lüthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172412/contraception-update-intrauterine-devices
#13
Karen Antell, Prium Deshmukh, Elizabeth J Brown
Copper-containing and hormonal intrauterine devices (IUD) are long-acting, highly effective contraceptive methods. They can be used safely by nulliparous patients, adolescents, patients with history of ectopic pregnancy, and patients with risk factors for sexually transmitted infections or a history of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). These devices can be placed safely immediately postpartum and postabortion and should be inserted when physicians can be reasonably certain that the woman is not pregnant. If a woman with an IUD is shown to be pregnant, the device should be removed if strings are visible...
November 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171448/vitamin-d-cell-death-pathways-and-tuberculosis
#14
Manik Retno Wahyunitisari, Ni Made Mertaniasih, Muhammad Amin, Wayan T Artama, Eko B Koendhori
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium tuberculosis induces cellular necrosis that could promote spread of infection. The aim of this study is to analyze the effects of Vitamin D3 supplementation to improve the effectiveness of 2nd-line anti-tuberculosis (TB) drug therapy, especially in relation with cell death pathways. METHODS: Mus musculus C3HeB/FeJ was randomly divided into four groups containing eight animals each. The 1st group (G1), consisting of mice that were intratracheally infected with multidrug-resistant strain of M...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167415/ticagrelor-leads-to-statin-induced-rhabdomyolysis-a-case-report
#15
Simone M Mrotzek, Tienush Rassaf, Matthias Totzeck
BACKGROUND Following acute coronary intervention in cardiology patients, the combined medical therapy with the platelet inhibitory drug ticagrelor and a statin medication (e.g., simvastatin) is recommended according to international guidelines. Yet combined therapeutic regimens have the potential of pharmacological interaction with both ticagrelor and simvastatin being metabolized by CYP3A4. Rhabdomyolysis is a known side-effect of statin therapy and combined therapy increases the susceptibility to this complication...
November 23, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164982/spinocerebellar-ataxia-type-3-presenting-with-writer-s-cramp-without-ataxia
#16
A Méndez-Guerrero, D Uriarte-Pérez de Urabayen, S Llamas-Velasco
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 is the most common cause of autosomal dominant inherited ataxia worldwide. Clinically, it exhibits wide phenotypic variability. Presentation as isolated dystonia is exceptional. Here, the case of a woman with writer´s cramp without ataxia is presented as a paucisymptomatic manifestation of this disease. This association has not been described to date and extends the clinical variability of the disease.
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164749/effects-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-on-the-frequency-of-skeletal-muscle-cramps-a-prospective-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Michael Behringer, Jan-Frieder Harmsen, Alessandro Fasse, Joachim Mester
OBJECTIVES: We investigated if neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) of calf muscles prevents spontaneous calf cramps. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 19 individuals affected by more than or equal to one calf cramp per week the gastrocnemius of the predominantly affected leg was stimulated twice a week (intervention leg, IL) over six weeks (3 × 6 stimulation trains at 30 Hz above the individual cramp threshold frequency). The other leg served as control (CL). The participants were advised to record all spontaneous muscle cramps from two weeks before the intervention until two weeks after the last NMES session...
November 22, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159074/only-some-patients-with-bulbar-and-spinal-muscular-atrophy-may-develop-cardiac-disease
#18
Josef Finsterer, Claudia Stöllberger
Objectives: According to recent publications, some patients with spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (BSMA) develop cardiac disease, manifesting as ST-segment abnormalities, Brugada-syndrome, dilative cardiomyopathy, or sudden cardiac death. Here we present neurological and cardiac data of a BSMA patient who was followed up for 10 y. Case report: In a male patient aged 47 y, BSMA was diagnosed at age 37 y upon the typical clinical presentation (postural tremor since age 12 y, dysarthria since age 15 y, muscle cramps since age 29 y, general myalgias since age 32 y, general fasciculations since age 34 y, myoclonic jerks, easy fatigability, dyspnea upon exercise since age 36 y) and a CAG-repeat expansion of 47 ± 1 repeats in the androgen-receptor gene detected at age 37 y...
March 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158528/fine-mapping-of-genetic-loci-driving-spontaneous-clearance-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#19
Hailiang Huang, Priya Duggal, Chloe L Thio, Rachel Latanich, James J Goedert, Alessandra Mangia, Andrea L Cox, Gregory D Kirk, Shruti Mehta, Jasneet Aneja, Laurent Alric, Sharyne M Donfield, Matthew E Cramp, Salim I Khakoo, Leslie H Tobler, Michael Busch, Graeme J Alexander, Hugo R Rosen, Brian R Edlin, Florencia P Segal, Georg M Lauer, David L Thomas, Mark J Daly, Raymond T Chung, Arthur Y Kim
Approximately three quarters of acute hepatitis C (HCV) infections evolve to a chronic state, while one quarter are spontaneously cleared. Genetic predispositions strongly contribute to the development of chronicity. We have conducted a genome-wide association study to identify genomic variants underlying HCV spontaneous clearance using ImmunoChip in European and African ancestries. We confirmed two previously reported significant associations, in the IL28B/IFNL4 and the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) regions, with spontaneous clearance in the European population...
November 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155036/effectiveness-of-app-based-self-acupressure-for-women-with-menstrual-pain-compared-to-usual-care-a-randomized-pragmatic-trial
#20
Susanne Blödt, Daniel Pach, Sanna von Eisenhart-Rothe, Fabian Lotz, Stephanie Roll, Katja Icke, Claudia M Witt
BACKGROUND: Primary dysmenorrhea is common among women of reproductive age. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and oral contraceptives are effective treatments, although the failure rate is around 20-25%. Therefore additional evidence-based treatments are needed. In recent years, the use of smartphone applications (apps) has increased rapidly and may support individuals in self-management strategies. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of app-based self-acupressure in women with menstrual pain...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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