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Weight fluctuation

Ariel Haimovici, Pablo Balenzuela, Enzo Tagliazucchi
Synchronization of brain activity fluctuations is believed to represent communication between spatially distant neural processes. These inter-areal functional interactions develop in the background of a complex network of axonal connections linking cortical and sub-cortical neurons, termed the human "structural connectome". Theoretical considerations and experimental evidence support the view that the human brain can be modeled as a system operating at a critical point between ordered (sub-critical) and disordered (super-critical) phases...
October 19, 2016: Brain Connectivity
T Ravindran, Paneerselvam, Radha, T Allwyn Yabesh
Osmotic demyelination syndrome is an acute shift in serum osmolality causing demyelination, which may be due to rapid correction of hyponatremia, hyperglycaemia, hypokalemia and ketoacidosis. We present a case of 55yr old female and a known diabetic presented with the choreic movements involving left upper and lower limb for 2 days without any weakness.Her blood sugar was 428mg/dl at the time of admission with wide fluctuations.Her CT Brain showed hyperdensity in the right basal ganglia and the MRI brain showed hyperintense lesion in T2 weighted images showing features suggestive of osmotic demyelination...
April 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Khairi M S Fahelelbom, Moawia M M Al-Tabakha, Nermin A M Eissa, Jeevani Javadi
Tablet splitting is an accepted practice for the administration of drugs for a variety of reasons, including dose adjustment, ease of swallowing and cost savings. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the physical properties of lisinopril tablets as a result of splitting the tablets either by hand or with a splitting device. The impact of the splitting technique of lisinopril (Zestril(®) tablets, 20 mg) on certain physical parameters such as weight variation, friability, disintegration, dissolution and drug content were studied...
October 11, 2016: Scientia Pharmaceutica
Lyle Wiemerslage, Wei Zhou, Gaia Olivo, Julia Stark, Pleunie S Hogenkamp, Elna-Marie Larsson, Magnus Sundbom, Helgi B Schiöth
Past studies utilizing resting-state functional MRI (rsfMRI), have shown that obese humans exhibit altered activity in brain areas related to reward compared to normal-weight controls. However, to what extent bariatric surgery-induced weight loss alters resting-state brain activity in obese humans is less well-studied. Thus, we measured the fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (fALFF) from eyes-closed, rsfMRI in obese females (n = 11, mean age = 42 years, mean BMI = 41 kg/m(2) ) in both a pre- and post-prandial state at two time points: four weeks before, and four weeks after bariatric surgery...
October 8, 2016: European Journal of Neuroscience
Ryosuke Tomio, Takenori Akiyama, Masahiro Toda, Takayuki Ohira, Kazunari Yoshida
OBJECTIVE Transcranial motor evoked potential (tMEP) monitoring is popular in neurosurgery; however, the accuracy of tMEP can be impaired by craniotomy. Each craniotomy procedure and changes in the CSF levels affects the current spread. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of several craniotomies on tMEP monitoring by using C3-4 transcranial electrical stimulation (TES). METHODS The authors used the finite element method to visualize the electric field in the brain, which was generated by TES, using realistic 3D head models developed from T1-weighted MR images...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Claudia Barth, Christopher J Steele, Karsten Mueller, Vivien P Rekkas, Katrin Arélin, Andre Pampel, Inga Burmann, Jürgen Kratzsch, Arno Villringer, Julia Sacher
Sex hormones fluctuate during the menstrual cycle. Evidence from animal studies suggests similar subtle fluctuations in hippocampal structure, predominantly linked to estrogen. Hippocampal abnormalities have been observed in several neuropsychiatric pathologies with prominent sexual dimorphism. Yet, the potential impact of subtle sex-hormonal fluctuations on human hippocampal structure in health is unclear. We tested the feasibility of longitudinal neuroimaging in conjunction with rigorous menstrual cycle monitoring to evaluate potential changes in hippocampal microstructure associated with physiological sex-hormonal changes...
October 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
Ulf Jonsson, Iman Alaie, Anna Löfgren Wilteus, Eric Zander, Peter B Marschik, David Coghill, Sven Bölte
BACKGROUND: An individual's subjective perception of well-being is increasingly recognized as an essential complement to clinical symptomatology and functional impairment in children's mental health. Measurement of quality of life (QoL) has the potential to give due weight to the child's perspective. SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY: Our aim was to critically review the current evidence on how childhood mental disorders affect QoL. First, the major challenges in this research field are outlined...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
David H St-Pierre, Julie Martin, Hiroyuki Shimizu, Yuko Tagaya, Takahumi Tsuchiya, Simon Marceau, Laurent Biertho, Marjorie Bastien, Sarah-Maude Caron-Cantin, Serge Simard, Denis Richard, Katherine Cianflone, Paul Poirier
CONTEXT: Nesfatin-1 is a neuroendocrine peptide with potent anorexigenic activity in rodents. The potential role of nesfatin-1 on the regulation of energy balance, metabolic functions and inflammation is currently debated in obese humans. In the present study, nesfatin-1 fluctuations and their associations with metabolic factors were investigated in severely obese patients who underwent biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS) and severely obese controls (SOC). BASIC PROCEDURES: Sixty severely obese patients who underwent BPD/DS and 15 SOC (matched for BMI and age) were included in the study...
September 25, 2016: Peptides
Tsui-Wei Choong, Jie He, Sing K Lee, Ian C Dodd
Temperate crops cannot grow well in the tropics without rootzone cooling. As cooling increased production costs, this experiment aimed to study the growth of various Lactuca genotypes and propose possible ways of reducing these costs, without compromising productivity. A recombinant inbred line (RIL) of lettuce and its parental lines (L. serriola and L. sativa "Salinas") were grown aeroponically in a tropical greenhouse under 24°C cool (C) or warm fluctuating 30-36°C ambient (A) rootzone temperature (RZT)...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Xiaoming Zhou, Haiyan Lin, Shigang Zhang, Jianwei Ren, Zhe Wang, Yun Zhang, Mansen Wang, Qunye Zhang
BACKGROUND: The rules and mechanisms of seasonal changes in plasma lipid levels, which may be related to annual rhythmicity of incidence and mortality of cardiovascular diseases, are still controversial. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to study the effects of climatic factors on plasma lipid levels and to preliminarily reveal mechanisms of annual rhythmicity of plasma lipid levels. METHODS: A longitudinal study was performed using health examination data of 5 consecutive years (47,270 subjects) in Jinan, China...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
Andreas Heller, Cédric Giraudet, Zoi A Makrodimitri, Matthieu S H Fleys, Jiaqi Chen, Gerard P van der Laan, Ioannis G Economou, Michael H Rausch, Andreas P Fröba
Theoretical approaches suggest that dynamic light scattering (DLS) signals from low-molecular-weight ternary mixtures are governed by fluctuations in temperature as well as two individual contributions from fluctuations in concentration that are related to the eigenvalues of the Fick diffusion matrix. Until now, this could not be proven experimentally in a conclusive way. In the present study, a detailed analysis of DLS signals in ternary mixtures consisting of n-dodecane (n-C12H26) and n-octacosane (n-C28H58) with dissolved hydrogen (H2), carbon monoxide (CO), or water (H2O) as well as of n-C12H26 or n-C28H58 with dissolved H2 and CO is given for temperatures up to 523 K and pressures up to 4...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
N F Guyón, M A Roggio, M V Amé, D A Wunderlin, M A Bistoni
Endocrine disruption on aquatic wildlife is being increasingly reported, and the changes in gene aromatase expression are used as indicators. However, natural fluctuations in brain and gonadal aromatase expression and physiological indexes have not been previously measured in a fish species (Jenynsia multidentata) throughout a complete reproductive cycle, nor the biological effects of anthropogenic inputs on these responses. Accordingly, males were monthly collected over a year in both, a reference and a contaminated site...
September 26, 2016: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Daniel Rolke, Stefan Fuchs, Bernd Grünewald, Zhenglei Gao, Wolfgang Blenau
Possible effects of clothianidin seed-treated oilseed rape on honey bee colonies were investigated in a large-scale monitoring project in Northern Germany, where oilseed rape usually comprises 25-33 % of the arable land. For both reference and test sites, six study locations were selected and eight honey bee hives were placed at each location. At each site, three locations were directly adjacent to oilseed rape fields and three locations were situated 400 m away from the nearest oilseed rape field. Thus, 96 hives were exposed to fully flowering oilseed rape crops...
September 19, 2016: Ecotoxicology
Ingela Wiklund, Milena Anatchkova, Hafiz Oko-Osi, Robyn von Maltzahn, Dina Chau, Fady I Malik, Donald L Patrick, John Spertus, John R Teerlink
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures can be used to support label claims if they adhere to US Food & Drug Administration guidance. The process of developing a new PRO measure is expensive and time-consuming. We report the results of qualitative studies to develop new PRO measures for use in clinical trials of omecamtiv mecarbil (a selective, small molecule activator of cardiac myosin) for patients with heart failure (HF), as well as the lessons learned from the development process...
2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Philipp Kron, Michael Linecker, Perparim Limani, Andrea Schlegel, Patryk Kambakamba, Jean-Marie Lehn, Claude Nicolau, Rolf Graf, Bostjan Humar, Pierre-Alain Clavien
: Interaction between sinusoidal endothelial cells and hepatocytes is a prerequisite for liver function. Upon tissue loss, both liver cell populations need to be regenerated. Repopulation occurs in a coordinated pattern, first through the regeneration of parenchyme (hepatocytes), which then produces vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) to enable the subsequent angiogenic phase. The signals that instruct hepatocytes to induce timely VEGF remain unidentified. Given that liver is highly vascularized, we reasoned that fluctuations in oxygenation after tissue loss may contribute to the coordination between hepatocyte and sinusoidal endothelial cell proliferation...
September 15, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Amanda J Cox, Annabelle M Watts, Ping Zhang, Lauren T Williams, Allan W Cripps, Nicholas P West
Given the role of the intestinal microbiota in obesity and related disease, strategies to modulate the composition of the intestinal microbiota may augment traditional weight-management approaches. Here, we examined the safety and tolerability of 28 days of supplementation with bovine whey-derived lactoferrin and immunoglobulin supplements in a cross-sectional cohort of free-living adults. Participants (n = 20 each group) received enteric-coated whey-derived bovine lactoferrin (200 mg), immunoglobulin (200 mg or 800 mg), combination lactoferrin/immunoglobuiln supplements (200 mg/200 mg, 200 mg/800 mg) or placebo in a double-blind design...
September 4, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Ronan Thibault, Claude Pichard
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the context of the worldwide obesity epidemic, bariatric surgery is the only therapy associated with a sustainable weight loss and to midterm prevention of obesity-related complications. However, nutritional and behavioral multidisciplinary medical preparation, as well as long-term postoperative nutritional follow-up, is strongly advised to avoid postoperative surgical, nutritional, or psychiatric complications. RECENT FINDINGS: Due to a long history of restrictive diets and large body weight fluctuations, preoperative nutritional assessment and correction of vitamin and trace elements deficiencies are mandatory...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Khalid Mahrose, Mohammed Elsayed, Hamdy Basuony, Nour Gouda
Effects of radiating ostrich eggs before incubation on hatchability, growth performance, and some blood components of ostrich chicks were studied. 72 ostrich eggs were randomly distributed into four groups. The first group was kept without exposure to gamma radiation (control). The 2nd, 3rd, and 4th groups were exposed to 0.8, 1.6, and 3.2 Gy, respectively, of (60)Co gamma rays just before incubation. Total bacterial counts (×10(3) CFU) were significantly increased with the increase in gamma radiation levels before incubation...
August 31, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Guoguang Wang, Jialin Peng, Ting Hao, Yao Liu, Dahai Zhang, Xianguo Li
Dechlorane Plus (DP) is a highly chlorinated flame retardant and found to be ubiquitously present in the environment. We reported here the first record of DP in sediments from the coastal East China Sea (ECS). DP was detected in most of the surface sediments, and the concentrations ranged from 14.8 to 198pg/g dry weight (dw) with a mean value of 64.4pg/g dw. Overall, DP levels exhibited a seaward decreasing trend from the inshore toward outer sea. The fractional abundance of anti-DP (fanti) showed regional discrepancies, attributing to different environmental behaviors of DP isomers...
August 26, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Waqar Waheed, James Boyd, Farrah Khan, Sharon L Mount, Neil M Borden, Rup Tandan
Patients with Purkinje cell cytoplasmic autoantibody type 2 (PCA-2) and collapsin response-mediator protein-5 (CRMP-5) autoantibody can present with multifocal elements of encephalomyeloneuropathy. Except for an anecdotal report, case descriptions of paraneoplastic small fibre neuropathy are lacking. We report paraneoplastic small fibre neuropathy followed by chorea associated with small cell lung cancer. A man aged 57 years with a 35 pack-year smoking history presented with painless subacute paresthesia and weight fluctuation...
August 29, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
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