keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Weight cycling

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724099/use-of-%C3%AE-15-n-and-%C3%AE-18-o-values-for-nitrate-source-identification-under-irrigated-crops-a-cautionary-vadose-zone-tale
#1
Shawn E Loo, M Cathryn Ryan, Bernie J Zebarth, Shawn H Kuchta, Denise Neilsen, Bernhard Mayer
Source nitrogen (N) identification of leachate or groundwater nitrate is complicated by N source mixing and N and oxygen (O) isotope fractionation caused by microbial N transformations. This experiment examined the δN and δO values in leachate collected over 1 yr at 55 cm below raspberry ( L.) plots receiving either synthetic fertilizer (FT) or poultry manure (MT). The large ranges of δN (FT: -2.4 to +8.7‰, MT: +1.6 to +9.6‰) and δO (FT: -9.9 to -0.3‰, MT: -10.9 to +1.7‰) values in leachate collected under crop rows prohibited the reliable identification of the applied N sources on individual sampling dates...
May 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723842/reduced-neuromuscular-performance-in-amenorrheic-elite-endurance-athletes
#2
Åsa B Tornberg, Anna Melin, Fiona Manderson Koivula, Anders Johansson, Sven Skouby, Jens Faber, Anders Sjödin
INTRODUCTION: Secondary functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (SFHA) is common among female athletes, especially in weight-sensitive sports. The aim of this study was to investigate the link between SFHA and neuromuscular performance in elite endurance athletes. METHODS: Sixteen eumenorrheic (EUM) and 14 SFHA athletes from national teams and competitive clubs participated. Methods included gynecological examination; body composition (DXA);; resting metabolic rate and work efficiency; exercise capacity; knee muscular strength (KMS) and knee muscular endurance (KME); reaction time (RT); blood sampling performed on the 3rd-5th day of the menstrual cycle, and 7-day assessment of energy availability...
July 19, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722260/effect-of-long-distance-transportation-on-serum-metabolic-profiles-of-steer-calves
#3
Satoshi Takemoto, Shozo Tomonaga, Masayuki Funaba, Tohru Matsui
Long-distance transportation is sometimes inevitable in the beef industry because of the geographic separation of major breeding and fattening areas. Long-distance transportation negatively impacts production and health of cattle, which may, at least partly, result from the disturbance of metabolism during and after transportation. However, alteration of metabolism remains elusive in transported cattle. We investigated the effects of transportation on the metabolomic profiles of Holstein steer calves. Non-targeted analysis of serum concentrations of low molecular weight metabolites was performed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry...
July 19, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721836/assisted-reproductive-technologies-a-hierarchy-of-risks-for-conception-pregnancy-outcomes-and-treatment-decisions
#4
M J Davies, A R Rumbold, V M Moore
The use of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) for the treatment of infertility has grown exponentially over the last 20 years, and now accounts for 4% of all births in Australia, and over 1 m births annually around the globe. There is consistent reporting of increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes and birth defects following infertility treatment. However, change in practice has been stymied by critical knowledge gaps with regards to (a) the relative contribution of patient and treatment factors to adverse outcomes, (b) the independent contribution of specific contemporary treatments and treatment combinations to outcomes, (c) the impact of innovations in laboratory and clinical practice on treatment success and observed risk and (d) changes over time in patient characteristics...
August 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721722/pillar-5-arene-based-supramolecular-plasmonic-thin-films-for-label-free-quantitative-and-multiplex-sers-detection
#5
Verónica Montes García, Borja Gómez-González, Diego M Solís, Jose M Taboada, Norman Jiménez Otero, Jacobo de Uña-Álvarez, Fernando Obelleiro, Luis García-Río, Jorge Perez-Juste, Isabel Pastoriza-Santos
Novel plasmonic thin films based on electrostatic layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition of citrate-stabilized Au nanoparticles (NPs) and ammonium pillar[5]arene (AP[5]A) has been developed. The supramolecular-induced LbL assembly of the plasmonic nanoparticles yields to the formation of controlled hot-spots with uniform interparticle distances. At the same time this strategy allows to modulate the density and dimensions of the Au aggregates, and therefore the optical response, on the thin film with the number of AuNP-AP[5]A deposition cycles...
July 19, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721555/the-value-of-physical-performance-measurements-alongside-assessment-of-sarcopenia-in-predicting-receipt-and-completion-of-planned-treatment-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-an-observational-exploratory-study
#6
Jemima T Collins, Simon Noble, John Chester, Helen E Davies, William D Evans, Daniel Farewell, Jason F Lester, Diane Parry, Rebecca Pettit, Anthony Byrne
INTRODUCTION: The presence of muscle mass depletion is associated with poor outcomes and survival in cancer. Alongside muscle mass, assessment of muscle strength or physical performance is essential for the diagnosis of sarcopenia. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a prevalent form of cancer with high mortality, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (PS) is commonly used to assess patients' suitability for treatment. However, a significant proportion of patients with good PS are unable to complete multidisciplinary team (MDT)-planned treatment...
July 18, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720832/deep-ocean-dissolved-organic-matter-reactivity-along-the-mediterranean-sea-does-size-matter
#7
Alba María Martínez-Pérez, Xosé Antón Álvarez-Salgado, Javier Arístegui, Mar Nieto-Cid
Despite of the major role ascribed to marine dissolved organic matter (DOM) in the global carbon cycle, the reactivity of this pool in the dark ocean is still poorly understood. Present hypotheses, posed within the size-reactivity continuum (SRC) and the microbial carbon pump (MCP) conceptual frameworks, need further empirical support. Here, we provide field evidence of the soundness of the SRC model. We sampled the high salinity core-of-flow of the Levantine Intermediate Water along its westward route through the entire Mediterranean Sea...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719319/phosphoproteome-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infected-host-cells-reveals-specific-cellular-processes-predominating-in-different-phases-of-infection
#8
Cheng He, Ai-Yuan Chen, Hai-Xia Wei, Xiao-Shuang Feng, Hong-Juan Peng
The invasion of Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites into the host cell results in extensive host cell signaling activation/deactivation that is usually regulated by the phosphorylation/dephosphorylation. To elucidate how T. gondii regulates host cell signal transduction, the comparative phosphoproteome of stable isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture-labeled human foreskin fibroblast cells was analyzed. The cells were grouped (Light [L], Medium [M], and Heavy [H] groups) based on the labeling isotope weight and were infected with T...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718784/investigation-of-the-effect-of-the-degree-of-processing-of-radix-rehmanniae-preparata-shu-dihuang-on-shu-dihuangtan-carbonization-preparation-technology
#9
Xianglong Meng, Meijing He, Rui Guo, Rui Duan, Fengxian Huo, Chenzi Lv, Bo Wang, Shuosheng Zhang
Carbonization of Radix Rehmanniae Preparata (Shu Dihuangtan) via stir-frying could increase its homeostasis maintaining and antidiarrheal effects. To ensure these pharmacological functions, the quality of the raw material (processed Rehmanniae Radix) must be well controlled. Therefore, we analyzed the effects of different degrees of processing and adjuvants on processed Rehmanniae Radix (Shu Dihuang) by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) chromatographic fingerprints, thermal gravimetric analysis and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)...
July 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718080/a-comparison-of-live-birth-rates-and-perinatal-outcomes-between-cryopreserved-oocytes-and-cryopreserved-embryos
#10
Jacqueline R Ho, Irene Woo, Kristin Louie, Wael Salem, Sami I Jabara, Kristin A Bendikson, Richard J Paulson, Karine Chung
PURPOSE: Prior studies suggest that pregnancy outcomes after autologous oocyte cryopreservation are similar to fresh in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. It is unknown whether there are differences in pregnancy and perinatal outcomes between cryopreserved oocytes and cryopreserved embryos. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study comparing pregnancy and perinatal outcomes between oocyte and embryo cryopreservation at a university-based fertility center. We included 42 patients and 68 embryo transfers in patients who underwent embryo transfer after elective oocyte preservation (frozen oocyte-derived embryo transfer (FOET)) from 2005 to 2015...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716239/acquired-transthyretin-amyloidosis-after-domino-liver-transplant-phenotypic-correlation-implication-of-liver-retransplantation
#11
Eli Muchtar, Martha Grogan, Surendra Dasari, Paul J Kurtin, Morie A Gertz
Reports of acquired ATTRm in domino liver transplant (DLT) recipients are infrequent and the approach to management is unknown. We describe two patients, an inherited ATTRm patient who underwent liver transplant and his liver recipient who developed acquired ATTRm 8years following transplantation. The clinical manifestations of amyloidosis were similar between patients and consisted of peripheral neuropathy, diarrhea and weight loss. Following liver transplantation, the DLT donor went into remission for 4years, but eventually progressed and died...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715061/physical-activity-assessment-during-gestation-and-its-outcomes-a-review
#12
Wanda Forczek, Marta Curyło, Barbara Forczek
Background: Physical activity recommendations emphasize a positive influence of exercise on health. It is particularly recognized during pregnancy for both the mother and fetus. Aim: This review aims to identify the main trends of activity undertaken by women during gestation and to find out how it affects the expecting mother and her child. Methods: Review of the literature comprising the following databases: PubMed, Academic Search Complete, Health Source-Consumer Edition, Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition, EMBASE (2000 to May 2013), used detailed search strategies...
July 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713235/connecting-the-brain-to-itself-through-an-emulation
#13
Mijail D Serruya
Pilot clinical trials of human patients implanted with devices that can chronically record and stimulate ensembles of hundreds to thousands of individual neurons offer the possibility of expanding the substrate of cognition. Parallel trains of firing rate activity can be delivered in real-time to an array of intermediate external modules that in turn can trigger parallel trains of stimulation back into the brain. These modules may be built in software, VLSI firmware, or biological tissue as in vitro culture preparations or in vivo ectopic construct organoids...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713076/prospective-relation-of-circulating-adipokines-to-incident-metabolic-syndrome-the-framingham-heart-study
#14
Justin P Zachariah, Rene Quiroz, Kerrie P Nelson, Zhaoyang Teng, John F Keaney, Lisa M Sullivan, Ramachandran S Vasan
BACKGROUND: Adipokines are elaborated by adipose tissue and are associated with glycemic, lipid, and vascular traits. We hypothesized that in a cross-sectional analysis circulating adipokines are altered among subsets of obesity stratified by presence versus absence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and prospectively predict the incidence of MetS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants in the community-based Framingham Third Generation Cohort who attended examination cycle 1 were included in the study (2002-2005; N=3777, mean age, 40 years; 59% women)...
July 16, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712125/oral-contraceptive-pill-alters-acute-dietary-protein-induced-thermogenesis-in-young-women
#15
Maharani Retna Duhita, Yves Schutz, Jean-Pierre Montani, Abdul G Dulloo, Jennifer L Miles-Chan
OBJECTIVE: There is much interest in the role of dietary protein for weight control. However, there remains a need to characterize individual determinants of the thermogenic effects of protein. This study aimed to investigate the influence of menstrual cycle phase and the combined, monophasic oral contraceptive pill on the thermogenic response to a standardized high-protein (HP) versus normal-protein (NP) meal. METHODS: Following an overnight fast, resting energy expenditure (EE) was measured in 16 healthy young women (8 taking and 8 not taking the pill) and 8 men for 30 minutes pre ingestion and 3 hours post ingestion of a NP (11%) or HP (24%) meal...
July 16, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711996/the-physiological-and-metabolic-changes-in-sugar-beet-seedlings-under-different-levels-of-salt-stress
#16
Yuguang Wang, Piergiorgio Stevanato, Lihua Yu, Huijie Zhao, Xuewei Sun, Fei Sun, Jing Li, Gui Geng
Salinity stress is a major limitation to global crop production. Sugar beet, one of the world's leading sugar crops, has stronger salt tolerant characteristics than other crops. To investigate the response to different levels of salt stress, sugar beet was grown hydroponically under 3 (control), 70, 140, 210 and 280 mM NaCl conditions. We found no differences in dry weight of the aerial part and leaf area between 70 mM NaCl and control conditions, although dry weight of the root and whole plant treated with 70 mM NaCl was lower than control seedlings...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711907/up-regulation-of-cit-promotes-the-growth-of-colon-cancer-cells
#17
Zehua Wu, Xiangying Zhu, Wendi Xu, Yu Zhang, Lin Chen, Fabo Qiu, Binyuan Zhang, Liqun Wu, Zhihai Peng, Huamei Tang
Colon cancer is one of the major causes of cancer mortality worldwide. However, the underlying mechanism and therapeutic targets of colon cancer have not yet been fully elucidated. In the present study, we demonstrate that citron rho-interacting, serine/threonine kinase 21 (CIT) promotes the growth of human colon cancer cells. CIT is overexpressed in human colon cancer tissues and cell lines. High expression of CIT predicts poor survival for patients with colon cancer. In colon cancer cells, CIT knockdown represses cellular proliferation and colony formation...
June 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709094/fit-for-purpose-wastewater-treatment-conceptualization-to-development-of-decision-support-tool-i
#18
Gyan Chhipi-Shrestha, Kasun Hewage, Rehan Sadiq
This article is the first in a series of two papers. Paper I focuses on model conceptualization and development, and Paper II in the series focuses on model validation and implementation. The amount of water reuse has been increasing across the globe. Wastewater can be treated based on the intended end use of reclaimed water. Fit-for-purpose wastewater treatment (WWT) simultaneously considers intended end use, economic viability, and environmental sustainability. WWT technologies differ mainly in terms of treatment efficiency, cost, energy use, and associated carbon emissions...
July 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709042/perinatal-exposure-of-pregnant-rats-to-cypermethrin-delays-testicular-descent-impairs-fertility-in-f1-male-progeny-leading-to-developmental-defects-in-f2-generation
#19
Dipty Singh, Sharad Bhagat, Paula Raijiwala, Vikas Dighe, Geeta Vanage
Cypermethrin (CYP) is a widely used synthetic pyrethroid insecticide and regarded as a potential endocrine disruptor. CYP exposure may pose a great risk to human health including adverse effect on their reproductive functions. This study aimed to delineate the effects of perinatal exposure of rats to CYP on the sexual maturation and fertility of F1 male progeny. Pregnant rats (F0) were gavaged daily with CYP (0, 1, 10, 25 mg/kg BW/day) and Diethylestilbestrol (DES, 10 μg/kg BW/day), as positive control from gestation day 6 to postnatal day 21...
July 4, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708503/effect-of-dietary-supplementation-of-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-pufa-rich-fish-oil-on-reproductive-performance-of-the-goat-capra-hircus
#20
Ajit Singh Mahla, Ravjibhai K Chaudhari, Atul Kumar Verma, Amit Kumar Singh, Sanjay Kumar Singh, Gyanendra Singh, Mihir Sarkar, Narayan Dutta, Harendra Kumar, Narayanan Krishnaswamy
Dietary supplementation of n-3 PUFA decreases the luteolytic PGF2α and improves the pregnancy rate in the dairy cow. However, its effect in the goat is not known. Accordingly, we studied the effect of supplementation of n-3 PUFA rich Fish oil (FO) on different reproductive events in the goat. Cycling goats (n = 30) were divided into two equal groups and fed an isocaloric and isonitrogenous diet supplemented with either FO (TRT; n = 15) or palm oil (PO) (CON; n = 15) @ 0.6 mL/kg body weight for 72 days during the breeding season...
May 26, 2017: Theriogenology
keyword
keyword
29174
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"