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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346640/preventive-chemotherapy-to-control-soil-transmitted-helminthiasis-averted-more-than-500-000-dalys-in-2015
#1
A Montresor, W Trouleau, D Mupfasoni, M Bangert, S A Joseph, A Mikhailov, C Fitzpatrick
Background: Preventive chemotherapy (PC), the large-scale administration of anthelminthics, is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) for the control of soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH). Since 2010, donated anthelminthics for STH have boosted the implementation of PC programmes in children, achieving global coverage of more than 60% in 2015. The WHO Global Health Estimates attribute an annual loss of over 3.3 million disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) to STH. The aim of this study is to estimate the impact of PC programmes on child morbidity...
January 16, 2018: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346571/natural-course-of-htlv-1-proviral-dna-levels-in-carriers-during-pregnancy
#2
Naoki Fuchi, Kiyonori Miura, Takashi Tsukiyama, Daisuke Sasaki, Kaori Ishihara, Kazuto Tsuruda, Hiroo Hasegawa, Shoko Miura, Katsumi Yanagihara, Hideaki Masuzaki
The measurement of human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) proviral DNA levels using polymerase chain reaction has been beneficial for confirming HTLV-1 infection during pregnancy. However, the influence of pregnancy on HTLV-1 infection and proviral DNA levels among pregnant women with HTLV-1 has not been clarified. We prospectively gathered blood samples from 36 pregnant women who were previously diagnosed as HTLV-1 carriers and sequentially measured their proviral DNA levels. The HTLV-1 proviral DNA levels remained in a plateau during pregnancy but were elevated after delivery...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346569/controlled-antenatal-thyroid-screening-ii-effect-of-treating-maternal-sub-optimal-thyroid-function-on-child-cognition
#3
Charlotte Hales, Peter N Taylor, Sue Channon, Ruth Paradice, Kirsten McEwan, Lei Zhang, Michael Gyedu, Ameen Bakhsh, Onyebuchi Okosieme, Ilaria Muller, Mohd S Draman, John W Gregory, Colin Dayan, John H Lazarus, D Aled Rees, Marian Ludgate
Context & Objective: The Controlled Antenatal Thyroid Screening (CATS) study investigated treatment for suboptimal gestational thyroid function (SGTF) on childhood cognition and found no difference in IQ at 3 years between children of treated and untreated SGTF mothers. We have measured IQ in the same children at age 9.5-years and included children from normal-GTF mothers. Design, Setting & Participants: One examiner, blinded to participant group, assessed children's IQ (WISC-IV), long-term memory and motor function (NEPSY-II) from children of 119 treated and 98 untreated SGTF mothers plus children of 232 mothers with normal-GTF...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346497/convergent-and-divergent-validity-of-the-grammaticality-and-utterance-length-instrument
#4
Anny Castilla-Earls, Katrina Fulcher-Rood
Purpose: This feasibility study examines the convergent and divergent validity of the Grammaticality and Utterance Length Instrument (GLi), a tool designed to assess the grammaticality and average utterance length of a child's prerecorded story retell. Method: Three raters used the GLi to rate audio-recorded story retells from 100 English-speaking preschool children. To examine convergent validity, the results of the GLi were correlated with 2 language sample measures, mean length of utterance in words and percentage of grammatical utterances, and with the results of the Structured Photographic Expressive Language Test-Third Edition (Dawson, Stout, & Eyer, 2003)...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346357/type-of-cows-milk-consumption-and-relationship-to-health-predictors-in-new-zealand-preschool-children
#5
Hajar Mazahery, Carlos A Camargo, Carolyn Cairncross, Lisa A Houghton, Cameron C Grant, Jane Coad, Cathryn A Conlon, Pamela R von Hurst
AIMS: New Zealand dietary guidelines recommend children from two years of age consume low- or reduced-fat milk. We aimed to investigate the predictors of type of milk consumption in preschool children. METHODS: Data were drawn from a cross-sectional study which enrolled preschool children (2-<5 years, n=1,329) from throughout New Zealand. RESULTS: Cows' milk was consumed regularly by 88% of children. Of these, 26% consumed plain low- or reduced-fat milk, while 74% consumed full-fat milk...
January 19, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346312/sidewalk-landscape-structure-and-thermal-conditions-for-child-and-adult-pedestrians
#6
Young-Jae Kim, Chanam Lee, Jun-Hyun Kim
Walking is being promoted for health and transportation purposes across all climatic regions in the US and beyond. Despite this, an uncomfortable microclimate condition along sidewalks is one of the major deterrents of walking, and more empirical research is needed to determine the risks of heat exposure to pedestrians while walking. This study examined the effect of street trees and grass along sidewalks on air temperatures. A series of thermal images were taken at the average heights of adults and children in the US to objectively measure the air temperatures of 10 sidewalk segments in College Station, TX, USA...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346238/trends-in-severe-pediatric-emergency-conditions-in-a-national-cohort-2008-to-2014
#7
Kenneth A Michelson, Joel D Hudgins, Laura G Burke, Todd W Lyons, Michael C Monuteaux, Richard G Bachur, Jonathan A Finkelstein
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the incidence and recent trends in serious pediatric emergency conditions. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample from 2008 through 2014, and included patients with age below 18 years with a serious condition, defined as each diagnosis group in the diagnosis grouping system with a severity classification system score of 5. We calculated national incidences for each serious condition using annualized weighted condition counts divided by annual United States census child population counts...
January 16, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346237/pediatric-pelvic-fractures-and-differences-compared-with-the-adult-population
#8
Carolina de la Calva, Nadia Jover, Jaime Alonso, Marta Salom
INTRODUCTION: Although pelvic fractures in children are rare, because of anatomical differences between an adult's skeleton and a child's skeleton, these lesions in the pediatric population have specific characteristics that need to be borne in mind when dealing with them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on the pelvic fractures in skeletally immature patients treated in our hospital in the last 20 years. RESULTS: Eighty-one pelvic fractures in children were treated between 1993 and 2013...
January 16, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346225/validating-lung-models-using-the-asl-5000-breathing-simulator
#9
Amanda Dexter, Neil McNinch, Destiny Kaznoch, Teresa A Volsko
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to validate pediatric models with normal and altered pulmonary mechanics. METHODS: PubMed and CINAHL databases were searched for studies directly measuring pulmonary mechanics of healthy infants and children, infants with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia and neuromuscular disease. The ASL 5000 was used to construct models using tidal volume (VT), inspiratory time (TI), respiratory rate, resistance, compliance, and esophageal pressure gleaned from literature...
January 17, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346182/atypical-teratoid-rhabdoid-tumor-of-the-cauda-equina-in-a-child-report-of-a-very-unusual-case
#10
James M Shiflett, Betty L Herrington, David A Joyner, Ali G Saad
Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (AT/RT) are highly aggressive malignant primitive neoplasms that commonly occur in children younger than 2 years of age. The prognosis is generally dismal with a median survival time of <1 year. The majority of AT/RT occur in the posterior fossa and less frequently the supratentorium. Primary pediatric spinal AT/RT are exceedingly rare and only 15 cases have been reported to date. Here we report a very unusual case of primary spinal AT/RT extensively involving the spinal cord from T11 down to the cauda equina...
January 16, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346069/the-prevalence-and-influencing-factors-for-child-neglect-in-a-rural-area-of-anhui-province-a-2-year-follow-up-study
#11
F Zhao, L Bi, M-C Chen, Y-L Wu, Y-H Sun
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the current study was to identify the change of prevalence and influencing factors for child neglect in a rural area of Anhui province through the 2-year follow-up study. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal study with 2-year follow-up. METHODS: Analyses were based on data from a longitudinal study, performed in five elementary schools and three secondary schools in Changfeng County. A total of 816 children aged between 7 and 16 years completed the three assessments during the period of 2009-2011...
January 12, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346067/the-association-between-child-maltreatment-and-adult-poverty-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-research
#12
Lisa Bunting, Gavin Davidson, Claire McCartan, Jennifer Hanratty, Paul Bywaters, Will Mason, Nicole Steils
Child maltreatment is a global problem affecting millions of children and is associated with an array of cumulative negative outcomes later in life, including unemployment and financial difficulties. Although establishing child maltreatment as a causal mechanism for adult economic outcomes is fraught with difficulty, understanding the relationship between the two is essential to reducing such inequality. This paper presents findings from a systematic review of longitudinal research examining experiences of child maltreatment and economic outcomes in adulthood...
January 12, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346004/universal-lead-screening-requirement-a-california-case-study
#13
Sara B McMenamin, Sarah P Hiller, Erin Shigekawa, Troy Melander, Riti Shimkhada
OBJECTIVES: To estimate potential impacts of California Assembly Bill (AB) 1316: a requirement for universal screening and insurance coverage for child blood lead testing. METHODS: In April 2017 the California Health Benefits Review Program (Oakland, CA) analyzed AB 1316 for the California legislature, including a systematic review of lead screening effectiveness, commercial insurer surveys regarding screening coverage, and actuarial utilization and cost implication assessments...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345965/the-case-for-exploring-the-usage-of-employee-wellness-programs-for-pediatric-asthma-control
#14
Mandeep S Jassal, Arlene Butz
The multiple socioecological determinants of asthma mandate that pediatricians develop a treatment strategy beyond the practice-based setting. To expand to a more impactful community-based role, pediatricians must look to form partnerships with groups that are capable of promoting social and environmental change. Traditionally, these groups have included schools, governmental agencies, and child care establishments. One group that is not actively being availed of are employers who have shown success in improving adult-based outcomes through wellness programs...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345603/association-between-household-food-security-and-infant-feeding-practices-in-urban-informal-settlements-in-nairobi-kenya
#15
T N Macharia, S Ochola, M K Mutua, E W Kimani-Murage
Studies in urban informal settlements show widespread inappropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices and high rates of food insecurity. This study assessed the association between household food security and IYCF practices in two urban informal settlements in Nairobi, Kenya. The study adopted a longitudinal design that involved a census sample of 1110 children less than 12 months of age and their mothers aged between 12 and 49 years. A questionnaire was used to collect information on: IYCF practices and household food security...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345499/disrupted-behaviour-in-grammatical-morphology-in-french-speakers-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#16
Marie-Thérèse Le Normand, Romuald Blanc, Simona Caldani, Frédérique Bonnet-Brilhault
Mixed and inconsistent findings have been reported across languages concerning grammatical morphology in speakers with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Some researchers argue for a selective sparing of grammar whereas others claim to have identified grammatical deficits. The present study aimed to investigate this issue in 26 participants with ASD speaking European French who were matched on age, gender and SES to 26 participants with typical development (TD). The groups were compared regarding their productivity and accuracy of syntactic and agreement categories using the French MOR part-of-speech tagger available from the CHILDES...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345495/milton-frank-shore-1928-2017
#17
Robert Henley Woody
Presents an obituary for Milton Frank Shore, who passed away on January 6, 2017, due to pneumonia. During a long career, he was a tireless advocate for children, particularly those who were underserved. In addition, he made important contributions as an author, editor, and administrator. He was actively engaged in independent practice at the time of his death. Milt was one of the founders of American Psychological Association (APA) Division 37 (Child, Youth, and Family Services) and served as its president (1978-1979)...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345479/culturally-adapted-transdiagnostic-cbt-for-ssri-resistant-turkish-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#18
Z Ceren Acarturk, Sami Abuhamdeh, Baland Jalal, Nurdan Unaldı, Behiye Alyanak, Mustafa Cetinkaya, Birgul Gulen, Devon Hinton
The most common mental health problems among adolescents are anxiety and mood disorders. While disorder-specific cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is effective for each of these conditions, the comorbidity between anxiety and mood disorders indicates a need for the development of evidence-based transdiagnostic treatments. To examine the efficacy of culturally adapted transdiagnostic CBT (CA-CBT) in reducing symptoms of anxiety and depression in treatment-resistant Turkish adolescents, 13 adolescent participants with anxiety or mood disorders who were treatment resistant received 10 sessions of CA-CBT in group format...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345476/adapting-a-parenting-intervention-for-parents-aging-out-of-the-child-welfare-system-a-systematic-approach-to-expand-the-reach-of-an-evidence-based-intervention
#19
Kendal Holtrop, Angela I Canto, Lisa Schelbe, Lenore M McWey, Melissa Radey, Jordan E Montgomery
Parents aging out of the child welfare system face a constellation of unique risk factors that threaten the well-being of themselves and their children. Although parenting interventions are an important resource for providing much-needed services to parents aging out, there is currently a lack of evidence-based parenting interventions that address the unique needs of this population. The purpose of this project was to systematically adapt an evidence-based parenting intervention for parents aging out. An established adaptation framework was used to guide this process, and acceptability and feasibility outcomes were evaluated as part of a pilot study of the adapted intervention...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345446/the-first-south-american-case-of-pre-implantation-genetic-diagnosis-to-select-compatible-embryo-for-cord-blood-transplantation-as-treatment-for-sickle-cell-anemia
#20
Ciro D Martinhago, Kalina Rn Endo, Mariana A Oliveira, Alex Mm Dias, Gislaine S Pereira, Augusto M Azzolini, Paula Rq Estrada, Caio G Bruzaca, Ana Carolina N Martinhago
Sickle cell anemia is an inherited systemic hemoglobinopathy that affects hemoglobin production in red blood cells, leading to early morbidity and mortality. It is caused by a homozygous nucleotide substitution (c.20A>T) in the β-globin gene (HBB) that changes a glutamic acid to a valine in the protein. We present a case report of a fertile couple, both carriers of the sickle cell anemia mutation, with one affected daughter. Six cycles of assisted reproductive techniques were performed, resulting in 53 embryos in cleavage stage...
January 18, 2018: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
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