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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786886/predictors-of-treatment-completion-for-families-referred-to-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-after-child-abuse
#1
Marianne Celano, Amanda NeMoyer, Anna Stagg, Nikia Scott
Despite advances in the dissemination of evidence-based therapy for abuse-related traumatic stress, many referred children fail to complete treatment. Using archival data from a sample of children participating in trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) at a hospital-based child advocacy center, analyses explored the impact of baseline child traumatic stress symptoms, a second (nonprimary) caregiver's treatment attendance, and the number of assessment sessions on treatment completion while controlling for demographic variables...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786647/health-disparities-score-composite-of-youth-and-parent-dyads-from-an-obesity-prevention-intervention-icook-4-h
#2
Melissa D Olfert, Makenzie L Barr, Rebecca L Hagedorn, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Sarah E Colby, Kendra K Kattelmann, Adrienne A White
iCook 4-H is a lifestyle intervention to improve diet, physical activity and mealtime behavior. Control and treatment dyads (adult primary meal preparer and a 9⁻10-year-old youth) completed surveys at baseline and 4, 12, and 24 months. A Health Disparity (HD) score composite was developed utilizing a series of 12 questions (maximum score = 12 with a higher score indicating a more severe health disparity). Questions came from the USDA short form U.S. Household Food Security Survey (5), participation in food assistance programs (1), food behavior (2), level of adult education completed (1), marital status (1), and race (1 adult and 1 child)...
May 22, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786584/effect-of-atmospheric-technogenic-emissions-on-health-indicators-of-child-population
#3
Olha M Toronchenko, Viktor I Bredun, Natalia O Smoliar
OBJECTIVE: Introduction:The identification of scientifically grounded dependency of the atmospheric pollution effect on the health level of the child population within particular area makes it possible to assess the degree of district environmental safety and provides the possibility for implementation of targeted programs and risk preventing strategies associated with atmospheric emissions. The aim of the study is to assess the dependence of child morbidity rate development caused by atmospheric chemical pollution, which resulted from the stationary and mobile sources activity in terms of the Poltava region (Ukraine) as a model...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785807/renewal-during-functional-communication-training
#4
Valdeep Saini, William E Sullivan, Emily L Baxter, Nicole M DeRosa, Henry S Roane
Functional communication training (FCT) is one of the most commonly prescribed interventions for the treatment of severe destructive behavior exhibited by individuals with intellectual disabilities. Although highly effective, FCT has been shown to fail in some cases when treatment is introduced into the child's typical environment. Basic and translational research on renewal provides a model for studying the relapse of destructive behavior following successful response to treatment in clinic settings using FCT...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785761/a-novel-thyroid-function-index-associated-with-opposite-therapeutic-outcomes-in-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-or-sorafenib
#5
Yu-De Chu, Kwang-Huei Lin, Ya-Hui Huang, Chen-Chun Lin, Chien-Fu Hung, Ta-Sen Yeh, Wei-Chen Lee, Chau-Ting Yeh
AIM: A sustained proportion of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients worldwide received either chemotherapy or sorafenib. However, to date, effective and convenient biomarkers to predict their therapeutic outcomes remained elusive. Hypothyroidism was associated with favorable anticancer treatment outcomes in several advanced cancers. Here, we aimed to investigate the potential of using thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and free T4 (FT4) levels as biomarkers to predict clinical outcomes in HCC patients receiving chemotherapy or sorafenib...
May 21, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785662/the-timing-and-circumstances-of-the-implementation-of-pediatric-palliative-care-in-hungarian-pediatric-oncology
#6
Judit Nyirő, Szilvia Zörgő, Földesi Enikő, Katalin Hegedűs, Péter Hauser
Despite the continuous improvement of pediatric palliative care, medical professionals still face various barriers regarding its implementation; our aim was to investigate this question in Hungarian pediatric oncology practice. Structured interviews were carried out in person with physicians from the Hungarian Pediatric Oncology Group (n = 22). Codes were generated inductively with the aid of Atlas.ti 6.0 software. Most physicians placed the palliative care discussion at the end of curative treatment (n = 21) and preferred to conduct it in a team setting (n = 18), mainly in the presence of a psychologist...
May 21, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785533/stressful-life-events-adhd-symptoms-and-brain-structure-in-early-adolescence
#7
Kathryn L Humphreys, Emily L Watts, Emily L Dennis, Lucy S King, Paul M Thompson, Ian H Gotlib
Despite a growing understanding that early adversity in childhood broadly affects risk for psychopathology, the contribution of stressful life events to the development of symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is not clear. In the present study, we examined the association between number of stressful life events experienced and ADHD symptoms, assessed using the Attention Problems subscale of the Child Behavior Checklist, in a sample of 214 children (43% male) ages 9.11-13.98 years (M = 11...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785527/birth-intervals-and-health-in-adulthood-a-comparison-of-siblings-using-swedish-register-data
#8
Kieron J Barclay, Martin Kolk
A growing body of research has examined whether birth intervals influence perinatal outcomes and child health as well as long-term educational and socioeconomic outcomes. To date, however, very little research has examined whether birth spacing influences long-term health. We use contemporary Swedish population register data to examine the relationship between birth-to-birth intervals and a variety of health outcomes in adulthood: for men, height, physical fitness, and the probability of falling into different body mass index categories; and for men and women, mortality...
May 21, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785149/the-pregnant-female-surgical-resident
#9
Vanessa Shifflette, Susannah Hambright, Joseph Darryl Amos, Ernest Dunn, Maria Allo
Background: Surgery continues to be an intense, time-consuming residency. Many medical students decide against surgery as a profession due to the long work hours and family strain. The pregnant female surgical resident has an added stress factor compared to her male counterpart. Methods: We distributed an electronic, online 26-question survey to 32 general surgery programs in the southwestern region of the United States. Each program distributed our survey to the female surgical residents who had been pregnant during residency in the last 5 years...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785059/early-nt-probnp-levels-as-a-screening-tool-for-the-detection-of-hemodynamically-significant-patent-ductus-arteriosus-during-the-first-week-of-life-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#10
Silvia Rodriguez-Blanco, Ignacio Oulego-Erroz, Sandra Gautreaux-Minaya, Alejandro Perez-Muñuzuri, Maria Luz Couce-Pico
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether early NT-ProBNP can identify the need for echocardiographic assessment of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (HsPDA) in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study of infants with a gestational age ≤32 weeks. Echocardiographic assessment and NT-proBNP measurement were performed at 48-96 h. ROC curves were generated to assess optimal cutoffs to detect HsPDA and predict the need for treatment. RESULTS: Eighty-five patients were included...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784944/value-of-urinary-kim-1-and-ngal-combined-with-serum-cys-c-for-predicting-acute-kidney-injury-secondary-to-decompensated-cirrhosis
#11
Lei Lei, Liang Ping Li, Zhen Zeng, Jing Xi Mu, Xue Yang, Chao Zhou, Zhi Lan Wang, Hu Zhang
Urinary kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and serum cystatin C (Cys C) are biomarkers of acute kidney injury (AKI). However, the efficacy of combining these indices to diagnose decompensated cirrhosis is unknown. This study involved 150 patients divided into AKI and non-AKI, and healthy individuals. Urinary KIM-1 and NGAL, serum Cys and creatine, and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were compared based on Child-Pugh liver function class. Urinary KIM-1 and NGAL concentrations and serum Cys C levels were significantly higher in patients with AKI secondary to decompensated cirrhosis than in those with AKI not secondary to decompensated cirrhosis (p < 0...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784756/clinical-features-of-children-with-autism-who-passed-18-month-screening
#12
Roald A Øien, Synnve Schjølberg, Fred R Volkmar, Frederick Shic, Domenic V Cicchetti, Anders Nordahl-Hansen, Nina Stenberg, Mady Hornig, Alexandra Havdahl, Anne-Siri Øyen, Pamela Ventola, Ezra S Susser, Martin R Eisemann, Katarzyna Chawarska
OBJECTIVES: We compared sex-stratified developmental and temperamental profiles at 18 months in children screening negative for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) on the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) but later receiving diagnoses of ASD (false-negative group) versus those without later ASD diagnoses (true-negative group). METHODS: We included 68 197 screen-negative cases from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (49.1% girls). Children were screened by using the 6 critical items of the M-CHAT at 18 months...
May 21, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784755/intergenerational-associations-of-parent-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-child-health-outcomes
#13
Félice Lê-Scherban, Xi Wang, Kathryn H Boyle-Steed, Lee M Pachter
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) robustly predict future morbidity and mortality. Researchers are just beginning to investigate intergenerational effects. We hypothesize there are intergenerational associations between parent ACE exposure and worse child health, health behaviors, and health care access and use. METHODS: We linked data from 2 population-based cross-sectional telephone surveys in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, that were used to ask parents about their past exposure to ACEs and their child's health, respectively...
May 21, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784696/why-are-we-failing-to-address-the-issue-of-access-to-insulin-a-national-and-global-perspective
#14
David Beran, Irl B Hirsch, John S Yudkin
Insulin was discovered in 1921 and soon became widely available in high-income countries. However, many people currently in need of this life-saving medicine are unable to access it. This is a global phenomenon, impacting not only populations of low- and middle-income countries but low-income populations in the U.S. In the U.S., the rate of diabetic ketoacidosis remains high in certain subpopulations, the cost of insulin being the main precipitating factor. On a global level the main cause of mortality for a child with type 1 diabetes is a lack of access to insulin, and in sub-Saharan Africa the life expectancy of a child with type 1 diabetes can be as low as 1 year...
June 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784619/parental-touch-reduces-social-vigilance-in-children
#15
Eddie Brummelman, David Terburg, Miranda Smit, Susan M Bögels, Peter A Bos
The sense of touch develops in utero and enables parent-child communication from the earliest moments of life. Research shows that parental touch (e.g., licking and grooming in rats, skin-to-skin care in humans) has organizing effects on the offspring's stress system. Little is known, however, about the psychological effects of parental touch. Building on findings from ethology and psychology, we propose that parental touch-even as subtle as a touch on the shoulder-tells children that their environment is safe for exploration, thus reducing their social vigilance...
May 9, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784553/postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Kate Morgan, Catherine Chojenta, Meredith Tavener, Angela Smith, Deb Loxton
PURPOSE: Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome is most commonly seen in women of child bearing age, however little is known about its effects in pregnancy. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted in March 2015 and updated in February 2018. Medline, Embase, PsychInfo, CINHAL, and the Cochrane Library were searched from database inception. The ClinicalTrials.gov site and bibliographies were searched. MeSH and Emtree headings and keywords included; Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome, Postural Tachycardia Syndrome, and were combined with pregnancy and pregnancy related subject headings and keywords...
May 9, 2018: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784550/school-environmental-conditions-and-links-to-academic-performance-and-absenteeism-in-urban-mid-atlantic-public-schools
#17
J D Berman, M C McCormack, K A Koehler, F Connolly, D Clemons-Erby, M F Davis, C Gummerson, P J Leaf, T D Jones, F C Curriero
School facility conditions, environment, and perceptions of safety and learning have been investigated for their impact on child development. However, it is important to consider how the environment separately influences academic performance and attendance after controlling for school and community factors. Using results from the Maryland School Assessment, we considered outcomes of school-level proficiency in reading and math plus attendance and chronic absences, defined as missing 20 or more days, for grades 3-5 and 6-8 at 158 urban schools...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784521/breaking-down-barriers-to-tell-a-mixed-methods-study-of-health-worker-involvement-in-disclosing-to-children-that-they-are-living-with-hiv-in-rural-south-africa
#18
Hanlie Myburgh, Esmé Calitz, Jean P Railton, Christina Maluleke, Elizabeth Mashao, Patiswa Ketelo, Geoff Jobson, Cornelius J Grobbelaar, Helen E Struthers, Remco P H Peters
Disclosing to a child that s/he is living with HIV is necessary to promote adherence to treatment and improve health outcomes. Facilitating disclosure between caregivers and children remains a challenge for health workers. Understanding how health workers are involved in and perceive the disclosure process is integral to engaging with such challenges. We held group discussions with and surveyed 73 physicians, nurses, and counselors across 16 randomly selected facilities in two rural South African health districts, exploring their experiences of supporting disclosure between caregivers and children...
April 25, 2018: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784519/east-african-perceptions-of-barriers-facilitators-for-pediatric-clinical-research-participation-and-development-of-the-inclusive-research-model
#19
M Rebecca O'Connor, Ali Adem, Helene Starks
PURPOSE: This study sought to gain a greater understanding of perceptions related to barriers/facilitators for pediatric (ages 0-17) clinical research participation among East African immigrant community members. DESIGN AND METHODS: Community leader interviews (n = 6) and focus groups with lay members (n = 16) from the three largest East African communities in the Seattle area (Eritrean, Ethiopian and Somali) were conducted. Discussions were semi-structured based on existing barrier/facilitator research and analyzed using directed content analysis to identify major themes...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784514/breastfeeding-trends-among-very-low-birth-weight-low-birth-weight-and-normal-birth-weight-infants
#20
Angela G Campbell, Patricia Y Miranda
OBJECTIVE: To examine the change in breastfeeding behaviors over time, among low birth weight (LBW), very low birth weight (VLBW), and normal birth weight (NBW) infants using nationally representative US data. STUDY DESIGN: Univariate statistics and bivariate logistic models were examined using the Early Child Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (2001) and National Study of Children's Health (2007 and 2011/2012). RESULTS: Breastfeeding behaviors improved for infants of all birth weights from 2007 to 2011/2012...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
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