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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452219/increased-cd4-counts-pain-and-depression-are-correlates-of-lower-sleep-quality-in-treated-hiv-positive-patients-with-low-baseline-cd4-counts
#1
K N Redman, A S Karstaedt, K Scheuermaier
Poor sleep quality leads to increased immune activation and immune activation leads to worse sleep quality. South African HIV positive patients typically have delayed start of treatment, which has been associated with CD4+ effector T cells being more spontaneously activated in chronically treated patients. This cross-sectional study investigated whether subjective sleep quality was associated with CD4+ T lymphocyte reconstitution in treated South African HIV+ patients. One hundred and thirty-nine treated HIV+ patients (109 F, age average (SD)= 43 (9)) were recruited from Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital in Soweto, Johannesburg, South Africa...
February 13, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448238/parsing-the-heterogeneity-of-depression-an-exploratory-factor-analysis-across-commonly-used-depression-rating-scales
#2
Elizabeth D Ballard, Julia S Yarrington, Cristan A Farmer, Marc S Lener, Bashkim Kadriu, Níall Lally, Deonte Williams, Rodrigo Machado-Vieira, Mark J Niciu, Lawrence Park, Carlos A Zarate
BACKGROUND: Due to the heterogeneity of depressive symptoms-which can include depressed mood, anhedonia, negative cognitive biases, and altered activity levels-researchers often use a combination of depression rating scales to assess symptoms. This study sought to identify unidimensional constructs measured across rating scales for depression and to evaluate these constructs across clinical trials of a rapid-acting antidepressant (ketamine). METHODS: Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted on baseline ratings from the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D), the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), and the Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Rating Scale (SHAPS)...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445989/relevance-of-sleep-quality-on-caregiver-burden-in-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Luigi Bartolomei, Andrea Pastore, Lucia Meligrana, Elena Sanson, Nicola Bonetto, Giacomo Maria Minicuci, Sandro Zambito Marsala, Tiziana Mesiano, Lorenzo Bragagnolo, Angelo Antonini
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder which affects the quality of life of patient and their family. Sleep disorders appear in 80-90% of PD patients and have a great impact on the PD well-being. We examined the relationship of patients' sleep quality and depression on burden, mood, quality of life, and quality of sleep of their caregivers. A multicenter, regional (Veneto), observational, cross-sectional study that included 55 patient-caregiver pairs was conducted. Patients were assessed using Parkinson's Disease Sleep Scale (PDSS) and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) for sleep disorders, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) as a measure of depression, and Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39) as a measure of quality of life...
February 14, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444084/attributional-style-and-depressive-symptoms-in-a-male-prison-sample
#4
Danny J O'Sullivan, Maura E O'Sullivan, Brendan D O'Connell, Ken O'Reilly, Kiran M Sarma
The reformulated learned helplessness model proposes that people who tend to make internal, stable, and global attributions in response to uncontrollable aversive events are more likely to develop depression. The present study sought to investigate the nature of the relationship between attributional style and depression in a male prison sample. One hundred and one adult male prisoners from four medium security prisons in Ireland completed the Attributional Style Questionnaire and measures of depression (BDI-II) and anxiety (BAI)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442353/the-effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-sexual-functioning-and-depressive-symptoms-in-young-women-with-low-vitamin-d-status
#5
Robert Krysiak, Anna Szwajkosz, Bogdan Marek, Bogusław Okopień
BACKGROUND: Hypovitaminosis D is associated with abnormal female sexual functioning. The aim of our study was to assess whether vitamin D supplementation affects sexual functioning and depressive symptoms in young women with low vitamin D status. METHODS: The study included 47 women with vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency. All women with vitamin D deficiency were treated with oral vitamin D, while women with vitamin D insufficiency were either treated with vitamin D or left untreated...
February 14, 2018: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434802/an-investigation-of-the-mechanism-of-dexmedetomidine-in-improving-postoperative-cognitive-dysfunction-from-the-perspectives-of-alleviating-neuronal-mitochondrial-membrane-oxidative-stress-and-electrophysiological-dysfunction
#6
Jie Chen, Na Shen, Xiaohui Duan, Yaning Guo
The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of dexmedetomidine in improving postoperative cognitive dysfunction from the perspectives of alleviating neuronal mitochondrial membrane oxidative stress and electrophysiological dysfunction. A total of 120 patients undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia from June 2013 to May, 2016 were selected as the subjects of the study and randomly divided into the propofol + remifentanil and dexmedetomidine groups. The Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were performed at day 1 before operation and at day 1, 3, 5 and 15 after operation...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428121/evaluation-and-socio-occupational-intervention-in-bipolar-and-schizophrenic-patients-within-a-multimodal-intervention-program-prisma
#7
Ana M Díaz Zuluaga, Kelly Duica, Carlos Ruiz Galeano, Cristian Vargas, Yuli Agudelo Berruecos, Sigifredo Ospina, Carlos López-Jaramillo
BACKGROUND: Functional improvement in bipolar and schizophrenic patients is one of the main aims of treatment. Nevertheless, there is no evidence about the effect of socio-occupational intervention within a multimodal intervention (MI) programme. OBJECTIVE: To describe the socio-occupational profile and to evaluate the functional effect of a MI in bipolar I and schizophrenic patients. METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal, therapeutic-comparative study was performed including 302 subjects (104 schizophrenic and 198 Bipolar Disorder I [BDI] patients), who were randomised into two groups, multimodal (psychiatry, psychology, medicine, occupational therapy, neuropsychology, and family therapy), or traditional intervention (psychiatry and medicine only)...
January 2018: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426783/reduced-frontal-activity-during-a-verbal-fluency-test-in-fibromyalgia-a-near-infrared-spectroscopy-study
#8
Po-Han Chou, Kuo-Tung Tang, Yi-Hsing Chen, Chia-Wei Sun, Chih-Mao Huang, Der-Yuan Chen
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a complex disorder characterized by widespread chronic pain and associated sleep problems and cognitive dysfunction. However, only few studies focusing on cognitive dysfunction in FM are available so far. In the present study, we aimed to use near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to evaluate the brain function in FM patients subjected to a verbal fluency test (VFT). A total of 11 primary FM patients and 13 healthy individuals (HC) underwent NIRS while performing a VFT. The Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) was used to evaluate the symptom severity of FM and Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI) was used to evaluate the severities depression symptoms in study participants...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426348/effect-and-safety-of-acupuncture-for-hwa-byung-an-anger-syndrome-a-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#9
Hye-Yoon Lee, Jung-Eun Kim, Mikyung Kim, Ae-Ran Kim, Hyo-Ju Park, O-Jin Kwon, Jung-Hyo Cho, Sun-Yong Chung, Joo-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: Hwa-byung (HB) is an anger syndrome caused by an inadequate release of accumulated anger that leads to somatic and psychiatric symptoms. As HB results from long-term inadequately treated negative emotions, its symptoms are complex, intractable and concomitant with other psychiatric disorders. Therefore, studies aiming to develop effective and safe treatment options for HB are needed. We plan to conduct a pilot study for a future, full-scale, randomized controlled trial (RCT) of an optimal acupuncture procedure using semi-individualized acupuncture points that consider participants' personal disposition and type of emotional stress...
February 9, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426288/clinical-effectiveness-of-care-managers-in-collaborative-care-for-patients-with-depression-in-swedish-primary-health-care-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Cecilia Björkelund, Irene Svenningsson, Dominique Hange, Camilla Udo, Eva-Lisa Petersson, Nashmil Ariai, Shabnam Nejati, Catrin Wessman, Carl Wikberg, Malin André, Lars Wallin, Jeanette Westman
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the leading causes of disability and affects 10-15% of the population. The majority of people with depressive symptoms seek care and are treated in primary care. Evidence internationally for high quality care supports collaborative care with a care manager. Our aim was to study clinical effectiveness of a care manager intervention in management of primary care patients with depression in Sweden. METHODS: In a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial 23 primary care centers (PCCs), urban and rural, included patients aged ≥ 18 years with a new (< 1 month) depression diagnosis...
February 9, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424553/lower-sleep-duration-is-associated-with-reduced-autobiographical-memory-specificity
#11
Tom J Barry, Keisuke Takano, Yannick Boddez, Filip Raes
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Sleep can have an important influence on memory. However, it is unclear whether there is any relation between sleep quality and the specificity with which autobiographical memories are retrieved, a key factor associated with vulnerability for, and the presence of, depression and other psychiatric diagnoses. The present study provides the first investigation of the association between sleep quality and autobiographical memory specificity. PARTICIPANTS AND METHOD: Fifty-four unselected community participants completed the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT) to assess memory specificity, while subjective and objective measures of total sleep time and sleep onset latency were provided through a daily diary and an actigraphy wristwatch worn for a week...
February 9, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423755/promis-depression-measures-perform-similarly-to-legacy-measures-relative-to-a-structured-diagnostic-interview-for-depression-in-cancer-patients
#12
Kerrie Clover, Sylvie D Lambert, Christopher Oldmeadow, Benjamin Britton, Madeleine T King, Alex J Mitchell, Gregory Carter
PURPOSE: To assess the convergent validity of the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) depression measures relative to legacy measures and criterion validity against a structured diagnostic interview for depression in an oncology sample. METHODS: 132 oncology/haematology outpatients completed the PROMIS Depression Computer Adaptive Test (PROMIS-D-CAT) and PROMIS Depression Short Form (PROMIS-D-SF) along with seven legacy measures: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI); Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D); Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale; Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; Patient Health Questionnaire; Distress Thermometer and PSYCH-6...
February 8, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417934/functionalized-thermosensitive-hydrogel-combined-with-tendon-stem-progenitor-cells-as-injectable-cell-delivery-carrier-for-tendon-tissue-engineering
#13
Heyong Yin, Zexing Yan, Richard Bauer, Jiang Peng, Matthias Schieker, Michael Nerlich, Denitsa Docheva
Thermosensitive hydrogels have been studied for potential application as promising alternative cell carriers in cell-based regenerative therapies. In this study, a thermosensitive butane diisocyanate (BDI)-collagen hydrogel (BC hydrogel) was designed as injectable cell delivery carrier of tendon stem/progenitor cells (TSPCs) for tendon tissue engineering. We functionalized the BDI hydrogel with the addition of 20% (v/v) collagen I gel to obtain the thermosensitive BC hydrogel, which was then seeded with TSPCs derived from human Achilles tendons...
February 8, 2018: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416340/self-stigma-and-treatment-effectiveness-in-patients-with-anxiety-disorders-a-mediation-analysis
#14
Marie Ociskova, Jan Prasko, Kristyna Vrbova, Petra Kasalova, Michaela Holubova, Ales Grambal, Klara Machu
Goal: The goal of this study was to explore the impact of self-stigma on the treatment outcomes in patients with anxiety disorders and to find possible mediators of this relationship. Method: Two hundred and nine patients with anxiety disorders, who were hospitalized in a psychotherapeutic department, attended the study. The average age was 39.2±12.4 years; two-thirds were women. Most of the patients used a long-term medication. The participants underwent either cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or short psychodynamic therapy...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414540/psychiatric-symptoms-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-with-epilepsy-and-their-mothers
#15
Ayhan Bilgiç, Ümit Işık, Rukiye Sivri Çolak, Hatice Derin, Hüseyin Çaksen
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the psychiatric symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQL) of children with epilepsy and psychiatric symptoms of their mothers, and compared them to those of healthy children and their mothers. This study also explored the influence of the child-related and maternal psychiatric variables and seizure-specific factors on the HRQLs of children with epilepsy according to both the children's and parents' perspectives. METHOD: Ninety-nine children with epilepsy (8 to 17years old), their mothers, and a control group (n=51) participated in this study...
February 1, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412335/art-therapy-as-an-adjuvant-treatment-for-depression-in-elderly-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Eliana C Ciasca, Rita C Ferreira, Carmen L A Santana, Orestes V Forlenza, Glenda D Dos Santos, Paula S Brum, Paula V Nunes
OBJECTIVE: There are few quantitative studies on art therapy for the treatment of depression. The objective of this study was to evaluate if art therapy is beneficial as an adjuvant treatment for depression in the elderly. METHODS: A randomized, controlled, single-blind study was carried out in a sample of elderly women with major depressive disorder (MDD) stable on pharmacotherapy. The experimental group (EG) was assigned to 20 weekly art therapy sessions (90 min/session)...
February 1, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410775/posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-among-polish-world-war-ii-survivors-the-role-of-social-acknowledgement
#17
Maja Lis-Turlejska, Szymon Szumiał, Iwona Drapała
Background: There is growing evidence of the important role played by socio-interpersonal variables on the maintenance of PTSD. Many World War II survivors in Poland could, as a result of political circumstances during the aftermath of the war, have experienced a lack of social recognition of their war-related trauma. Objective: The main aim of the study was to examine the association between perceived social reactions and the level of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSD) and depression. Method: Participants (N = 120) were aged 71-97 years (M = 82...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407357/measuring-racing-thoughts-in-healthy-individuals-the-racing-and-crowded-thoughts-questionnaire-rctq
#18
Luisa Weiner, Sébastien Weibel, Wagner de Sousa Gurgel, Ineke Keizer, Marianne Gex-Fabry, Anne Giersch, Gilles Bertschy
Racing thoughts refer to an acceleration and overproduction of thoughts, which have been associated with manic and mixed episodes. Phenomenology distinguishes 'crowded' from 'racing' thoughts, associated with mixed depression and mania, respectively. Recent data suggest racing thoughts might also be present in healthy individuals with sub-affective traits and symptoms. We investigated this assumption, with a 34-item self-rating scale, the Racing and Crowded Thoughts Questionnaire (RCTQ), and evaluated its reliability, factor structure, and concurrent validity...
January 26, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403625/association-between-severity-of-depression-and-clinico-biochemical-markers-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#19
Behnaz Enjezab, Maryam Eftekhar, Akram Ghadiri-Anari
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), as the most common endocrine disorder among reproductive-aged women may lead to psychological morbidity. Objectives: The present study set out to evaluate the severity of depression in PCOS and non-PCOS women and to evaluate correlation between depression score with body mass index, HOMA-IR, and testosterone level in every group (PCOS and non-PCOS women) in Yazd province. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 62 women with PCOS and 61 non- PCOS subjects (20 to 40 years) who were attending Imam-Ali Clinic in Yazd, Iran from September 2014 through March 2015 participated...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403126/the-confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-original-brief-intellectual-disability-scale-and-alternative-models
#20
Priya Mary Mammen, Minju K Asokan, Sushila Russell, Sherab Tsheringla, SatyaRaj Shankar, Muttathu K C Nair, Paul Swamidhas Sudhakar Russell
Objective: Brief Intellectual Disability Scale (BIDS) is a measure validated for identification of children with intellectual disabilities (IDs) in countries with low disability resources. Following the publication of the exploratory factor analysis of BIDS, the authors have documented the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of BIDS in this study. Materials and Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted to document the CFA of the BIDS. Primary caregivers (N = 124) of children with ID were recruited and rated the BIDS...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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