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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243559/multiplicity-and-mutuality-in-the-transition-of-patient-and-therapist-s-self-states-comparison-of-good-vs-poor-outcome-groups
#1
Nehama Hacohen, Dana Atzil-Slonim, Rivka Tuval-Mashiach, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Hadar Fisher
OBJECTIVE: According to the Assimilation Model, the self is consisted of multiple internal voices which are sometimes conflicted, or even dissociated, from one another. Thus, a key therapeutic goal is to create awareness and dialogue between a patient's various internal voices, in order to facilitate positive change. A recent development of this theoretical line suggests that clinically addressing both the patients' and therapists' internal voices, and their mutual influences, contributes significantly to the treatment outcome...
December 15, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241258/-changes-of-motor-balance-in-the-course-of-an-inpatient-psychosomatic-rehabilitation
#2
ElisabethJohanna Grub, Georg Wydra, Michael Käfer, Volker Köllner
Aim of the study For many rehabilitants both the motor balance and the feeling of being emotionally stable and in balance are essential preconditions for participation in employment and society. The goal of this study was to capture changes in motor balance in the course of an inpatient psychosomatic rehabilitation and to set them in relation to changes in mental variables. Methods 118 patients of a psychosomatic clinic (49.3±8.6 years; 75.4 % women) were examined at the beginning and the end of rehabilitation...
December 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239239/depressive-disorders-in-patients-with-pharmaco-resistant-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#3
Eleonora Borges Gonçalves, Tania Aparecida Marchiori de Oliveira Cardoso, Clarissa Lin Yasuda, Fernando Cendes
Objectives To assess depressive disorders in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) refractory to medical treatment. Methods Adult patients with refractory MTLE completed two questionnaires (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) had a semi-structured psychiatric interview and a high resolution MRI scan. For complete neuropsychiatric diagnosis, as per International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), the results were combined with clinical history and additional information from the patients' family...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238400/relationship-between-alexithymia-and-latent-trigger-points-in-the-upper-trapezius
#4
Hideaki Hasuo, Kenji Kanbara, Tetsuya Abe, Mikihiko Fukunaga, Naoko Yunoki
Background: Latent trigger points (LTrPs) can be activated by future events, leading to pain. Few studies have reported LTrP risk factors. It has been suggested that alexithymia is associated with myofascial pain and diminished awareness of physical sensation. This study was designed to evaluate the relation between alexithymia and LTrPs found the upper trapezius of healthy individuals. Methods: The correlation between LTrPs and alexithymia, and between LTrPs and depression was analyzed in 160 healthy participants (80 male, mean age: 40...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237197/-evaluation-of-suicide-risk-levels-in-hospitals-validity-and-reliability-tests
#5
Sandro Macagnino, Tilman Steinert, Carmen Uhlmann
Objective Examination of in-hospital suicide risk levels concerning their validity and their reliability. Method The internal suicide risk levels were evaluated in a cross sectional study of in 163 inpatients. A reliability check was performed via determining interrater-reliability of senior physician, therapist and the responsible nurse. Within the scope of the validity check, we conducted analyses of criterion validity and construct validity. Results For the total sample an "acceptable" to "good" interrater-reliability (Kendalls W = ...
December 13, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234287/synergistic-effects-of-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-and-manual-lymphatic-drainage-in-patients-with-mastectomy-related-lymphedema
#6
Kyung-Jin Ha, Sang-Yeol Lee, Hojun Lee, Seung-Jun Choi
Purpose: Manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) are potential therapeutic strategies to reduce mastectomy-induced edema. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the combination of these therapies would induce synergistic effects to treat lymphedema-related complications and to analyze a possible physiological mechanism involved in the observed effects. Methods: A total of 55 patients diagnosed with mastectomy-induced lymphedema were recruited and randomized into three experimental groups: PNF group (n = 17), MLD group (n = 20), and PNF + MLD group (n = 18)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225455/treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder-with-iyengar-yoga-and-coherent-breathing-a-randomized-controlled-dosing-study
#7
Chris C Streeter, Patricia L Gerbarg, Theodore H Whitfield, Liz Owen, Jennifer Johnston, Marisa M Silveri, Marysia Gensler, Carol L Faulkner, Cathy Mann, Mary Wixted, Anne Marie Hernon, Maren B Nyer, E Richard P Brown, John E Jensen
Objectives: The aims of this study were to assess the effects of an intervention of Iyengar yoga and coherent breathing at five breaths per minute on depressive symptoms and to determine optimal intervention yoga dosing for future studies in individuals with major depressive disorder (MDD). Methods: Subjects were randomized to the high-dose group (HDG) or low-dose group (LDG) for a 12-week intervention of three or two intervention classes per week, respectively. Eligible subjects were 18-64 years old with MDD, had baseline Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) scores ≥14, and were either on no antidepressant medications or on a stable dose of antidepressants for ≥3 months...
December 1, 2017: Alternative & Complementary Therapies: a New Bimonthly Publication for Health Care Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223069/neuropsychological-and-clinical-heterogeneity-of-cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-multiple-system-atrophy
#8
Lorena Broseghini Barcelos, Flávia Saad, Carla Giacominelli, Roberta Arb Saba, Patrícia Maria de Carvalho Aguiar, Sonia Maria Azevedo Silva, Vanderci Borges, Paulo Henrique Ferreira Bertolucci, Henrique Ballalai Ferraz
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated neuropsychological tests to compare cognitive impairment between two types of multiple system atrophy: predominant parkinsonism (MSA-P) and predominant cerebellar ataxia (MSA-C). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 14 patients diagnosed with MSA: four with MSA-C and ten with MSA-P. Presence of motor symptoms was determined by using the Unified Rating MSA Scale (URMSAS). Non-motor symptoms were evaluated by the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), Scales for Outcomes in Parkinson's disease Autonomic (SCOPA-AUT), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)...
October 31, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220534/effects-of-acupuncture-treatment-on-fibromyalgia-symptoms-serotonin-and-substance-p-levels-a-randomized-sham-and-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
Saliha Karatay, Sibel Caglar Okur, Hulya Uzkeser, Kadir Yildirim, Fatih Akcay
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of acupuncture treatment on serum levels of serotonin and substance P (SP) as well as on clinical parameters in patients with fibromyalgia (FM). Methods: This is a randomized controlled clinical trial. Seventy-five women with FM were randomized into one of three kinds of acupuncture treatment: real acupuncture group (AcG), sham acupuncture group (ShG), and simulated acupuncture group (SiG). Treatments were applied semiweekly for four weeks...
December 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215108/carbodiimides-as-catalysts-for-the-reduction-of-a-cadmium-hydride-complex
#10
D J Webb, C M Fitchett, M Lein, J R Fulton
A rare terminal cadmium hydride complex [(BDI)CdH] (BDI = [{N(2,6-iPr2C6H3)C(Me)}2CH]) has been synthesised from [(BDI)CdCl] and LiEt3BH. The hydride can be reduced to the cadmium(i) dimer, [(BDI)CdCd(BDI)] upon treatment with a catalytic amount of diisopropyl- or dicyclohexylcarbodiimide.
December 7, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213506/symptoms-of-depression-in-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Ana Lara Soares Blum Malak, Luiz Felipe Vasconcellos, João Santos Pereira, Denise Vieira Greca, Manuela Cruz, Heloisa Veiga Dias Alves, Mariana Sptiz, Helenice Charchat-Fichman
Objective: To investigate the most frequent depressive symptoms and their association with cognition in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Methods: 48 patients with PD and 44 controls (CG), aged between 50 and 80 years and with at least 4 years of formal education, all with MCI and none diagnosed with depression, were assessed. Patients and controls were matched for age, education, and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score...
April 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212562/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-monoaminergic-stabiliser-osu6162-in-treatment-of-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#12
Marie Karin Lena Nilsson, Olof Zachrisson, Carl-Gerhard Gottfries, Michael Matousek, Birgitta Peilot, Sara Forsmark, Robert Christiaan Schuit, Maria Lizzie Carlsson, Angelica Kloberg, Arvid Carlsson
OBJECTIVE: The monoaminergic stabiliser (-)-OSU6162 has in previous studies shown promising effects on mental fatigue after stroke and traumatic brain injury. This study investigated the safety and effectiveness of (-)-OSU6162 in patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome. METHODS: A total of 62 patients were randomly assigned to placebo or (-)-OSU6162. Primary outcomes were assessment on the mental fatigue scale (MFS) and the clinical global impression of change (CGI-C) scale...
December 7, 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209392/comparative-analysis-of-emotional-symptoms-in-elderly-koreans-with-hwa-byung-and-depression
#13
Chae-Sung Im, Sengmi Baeg, Jin-Hoon Choi, Miji Lee, Hyun-Jin Kim, Ik-Seung Chee, So-Hyun Ahn, Jeong Lan Kim
Objective: This study compared the symptomatic emotional traits of elderly South Korean patients with hwa-byung and those with depression. Methods: We enrolled 58 patients with hwa-byung, 180 patients with depression, and 181 healthy control subjects. All participants completed the Hwa-byung Scale, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), State Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI), Reaction Inventory (RI), and Aggression Questionnaire (AQ)...
November 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202790/depression-point-prevalence-and-risk-factors-in-a-north-cyprus-household-adult-cross-sectional-study
#14
Mehmet Çakıcı, Özlem Gökçe, Asra Babayiğit, Ebru Çakıcı, Ayhan Eş
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most common diagnosed psychiatric disorders in the world. Besides individual risk factors, it is also found that environment and socio-cultural factors are the other main risk factors for depression. In this article, the results of the 2016 national household survey of depression in North Cyprus (NC) are presented. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence and possible risk factors of depression in NC households. METHODS: The study was conducted between April and June 2016, the sample consisting of Turkish-speaking individuals between 18 and 88 years of age living permanently in NC...
December 4, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202382/pesticide-exposure-tobacco-use-poor-self-perceived-health-and-presence-of-chronic-disease-are-determinants-of-depressive-symptoms-among-coffee-growers-from-southeast-brazil
#15
Catarine Lima Conti, Wagner Miranda Barbosa, João Batista Pavesi Simão, Adriana Madeira Álvares-da-Silva
The lifestyle and other factors associated with the appearance of several health conditions that affect quality of life in rural zone is an issue that has been increasingly explored. Brazil is the largest coffee-producing nation in the world and has been a considerable consumer of pesticides since 2008. The aim of the present study was to investigate factors that could be contributing to the appearance of depressive symptoms in rural workers. Two hundred twenty male volunteers from nine cities in Southeast Brazil completed the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) questionnaire about depressive symptoms and provided other information about socio-demographic characteristics and additional confounding factors...
December 1, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198510/does-calculated-free-testosterone-overcome-total-testosterone-in-protecting-from-sexual-symptom-impairment-findings-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Luca Boeri, Paolo Capogrosso, Eugenio Ventimiglia, Walter Cazzaniga, Filippo Pederzoli, Donatella Moretti, Federico Dehò, Emanuele Montanari, Francesco Montorsi, Andrea Salonia
BACKGROUND: Although erectile dysfunction (ED) has been associated with low circulating total testosterone (TT) levels, the utility of free testosterone (FT) over TT is debatable. AIM: To assess the relative impact of low TT and low calculated FT (cFT) on androgen-related sexual symptoms in men with ED. METHODS: Data from 485 men were analyzed. Comorbidities were scored with the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI). Patients completed the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) and the Beck Inventory for Depression (BDI)...
December 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198244/depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-and-cortical-amyloid-deposition-among-cognitively-normal-elderly-persons-the-mayo-clinic-study-of-aging
#17
Janina Krell-Roesch, Val J Lowe, Jennifer Neureiter, Anna Pink, Rosebud O Roberts, Michelle M Mielke, Prashanthi Vemuri, Gorazd B Stokin, Teresa J Christianson, Clifford R Jack, David S Knopman, Bradley F Boeve, Walter K Kremers, Ronald C Petersen, Yonas E Geda
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association of cortical Aβ with depression and anxiety among cognitively normal (CN) elderly persons. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study derived from the population-based Mayo Clinic Study of Aging in Olmsted County, Minnesota; involving CN persons aged ≥ 60 years that underwent PiB-PET scans and completed Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). Cognitive diagnosis was made by an expert consensus panel...
December 4, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197794/there-is-an-association-between-serum-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-hs-crp-concentrations-and-depression-score-in-adolescent-girls
#18
Seyed-Amir Tabatabaeizadeh, Mojtaba Fattahi Abdizadeh, Zahra Meshkat, Ezzat Khodashenas, Susan Darroudi, Mostafa Fazeli, Gordon A Ferns, Amir Avan, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
BACKGROUND: Whilst there is evidence of an association between depression and inflammation in adults, there is limited data on this in adolescents particularly in non-westernized populations. ‎ The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the association between serum hs-CRP level and depression ‎score in adolescent girls living in northwestern Iran. METHOD: Serum hs-CRP was measured in 563 adolescent girls aged 12-18 years. Depression score was assessed using the Beck's depression inventory II (BDI-II)...
November 28, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197404/integrated-mental-health-care-and-vocational-rehabilitation-to-improve-return-to-work-rates-for-people-on-sick-leave-because-of-exhaustion-disorder-adjustment-disorder-and-distress-the-danish-ibbis-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Rie Poulsen, Jonas Fisker, Andreas Hoff, Carsten Hjorthøj, Lene Falgaard Eplov
BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders are important contributors to the global burden of disease and cause negative effects on both the individual and society. Stress-related disorders influence the individual's workability and cause early retirement pensions in Denmark. There is no clear evidence that mental health care alone will provide sufficient support for vocational recovery for this group. Integrated vocational and health care services have shown good effects on return to work in other similar welfare contexts...
December 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193995/beck-depression-inventory-ii-factor-analyses-with-three-groups-of-midlife-women-of-african-descent-in-the-midwest-the-south-and-the-u-s-virgin-islands
#20
Faye A Gary, Hossein Yarandi, Edris Evans, Carolyn Still, Prince Mickels, Mona Hassan, Doris Campbell, Ruzica Conic
This research encompasses a factor analysis of the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), which involves three groups of midlife women of African descent who reside in the Midwest, the South, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The purpose of the study was to determine the factor structure of the BDI-II when administered to a sample of women aged 40-65 of African descent who reside in the three distinct geographical regions of the United States. A correlational, descriptive design was used, and 536 women of African descent were invited to participate in face-to-face interviews that transpired in community settings...
December 1, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
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