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Beck Depression Inventory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729943/relationship-between-cerebellar-structure-and-emotional-memory-in-depression
#1
Li-Yan Xu, Fang-Cheng Xu, Can Liu, Yi-Fu Ji, Jin-Min Wu, Ying Wang, Hai-Bao Wang, Yong-Qiang Yu
BACKGROUND: A few studies have been conducted on the relationship between cerebellar volume and emotional memory or clinical severity in major depressive disorder (MDD). In this study, we aimed to compare the volume and density of the cerebellar gray matter (GM) in patients with MDD and in healthy controls (HCs) and explore the association between these cerebellar parameters and measurements of emotional memory and clinical severity. METHOD: Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) and Individual Brain Atlases using Statistical Parametric Mapping (IBASPM) were used to assess GM density and volume in the cerebellum, respectively, in patients with MDD and the HCs...
July 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723939/assessing-health-related-resiliency-in-hiv-latin-women-preliminary-psychometric-findings
#2
Gladys J Jimenez-Torres, Valerie Wojna, Ernesto Rosario, Rosa Hechevarría, Ada M Alemán-Batista, Miriam Ríos Matos, Alok Madan, Richard L Skolasky, Summer F Acevedo
BACKGROUND: HIV-associated vulnerabilities-especially those linked to psychological issues-and limited mental health-treatment resources have the potential to adversely affect the health statuses of individuals. The concept of resilience has been introduced in the literature to shift the emphasis from vulnerability to protective factors. Resilience, however, is an evolving construct and is measured in various ways, though rarely among underserved, minority populations. Herein, we present the preliminary psychometric properties of a sample of HIV-seropositive Puerto Rican women, measured using a newly developed health-related resilience scale...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715724/toxoplasma-gondii-infection-and-common-mental-disorders-in-the-finnish-general-population
#3
Jaana Suvisaari, Minna Torniainen-Holm, Maija Lindgren, Tommi Härkänen, Robert H Yolken
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether T. gondii seropositivity is associated with 12-month depressive, anxiety and alcohol use disorders and current depressive symptoms and whether inflammation, measured by C-reactive protein (CRP) level, explains these associations. METHOD: Health 2000 study (BRIF8901), conducted in years 2000-2001, is based on a nationally representative sample of Finns aged 30 and above, with 7112 participants and 88.6% response rate. DSM-IV depressive, anxiety and alcohol use disorders were assessed with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview and depressive symptoms with the Beck Depressive Inventory (BDI-21)...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714537/surgical-outcome-for-empty-nose-syndrome-impact-of-implantation-site
#4
Ta-Jen Lee, Chia-Hsiang Fu, Ching-Lung Wu, Yi-Chan Lee, Chi-Che Huang, Po-Hung Chang, Yi-Wei Chen, Hsiao-Jung Tseng
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: Endonasal submucosal implantation has been confirmed to be beneficial for patients with empty nose syndrome (ENS). However, the optimal implantation site has not been defined. This study aimed to evaluate whether lateral nasal wall implantation is superior to inferior nasal wall implantation in terms of clinical benefits and improvements in quality of life. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study in a tertiary medical center. METHODS: Consecutive ENS patients between 2010 and 2015 with operative histories of inferior turbinectomies and indicated for surgical implantation were enrolled, with at least 1-year follow-up...
July 17, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713689/relation-of-binge-eating-disorder-with-impulsiveness-in-obese-individuals
#5
Cenk Ural, Hasan Belli, Mahir Akbudak, Ali Solmaz, Zuhal Dogan Bektas, Fatih Celebi
AIM: To investigate the levels of impulsiveness, and the relationship between the binge eating disorder (BED) and the levels of impulsiveness in obese individuals. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-one obese patients who were included in the study and candidate for bariatric surgery (weight loss surgery) were clinically interviewed to identify the BED group, and patients were divided into two groups: Those with BED and those without BED. The comorbidity rate of groups was determined by using structured clinical interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I)...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713319/neuropsychological-predictors-of-trauma-centrality-in-oif-oef-veterans
#6
Roland P Hart, Rohini Bagrodia, Nadia Rahman, Richard A Bryant, Roseann Titcombe-Parekh, Charles R Marmar, Adam D Brown
This study examined whether reduced performance on two neuropsychological tasks, cognitive flexibility and working memory, were associated with higher levels of trauma centrality. A growing body of research has shown that trauma centrality, the extent to which a person believes a potentially traumatic event has become central to their self-identity and life story, is associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Furthermore, PTSD is often associated with alterations in neuropsychological functioning...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712967/clinical-utility-of-the-calgary-depression-scale-for-schizophrenia-in-individuals-at-ultra-high-risk-of-psychosis
#7
Gurpreet Rekhi, Wai Yee Ng, Jimmy Lee
There is a pressing need for reliable and valid rating scales to assess and measure depression in individuals at ultra-high risk (UHR) of psychosis. The aim of this study was to examine the clinical utility of the Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS) in individuals at UHR of psychosis. 167 individuals at UHR of psychosis were included as participants in this study. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders, CDSS, Beck Anxiety Inventory and Global Assessment of Functioning were administered...
July 13, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712433/two-year-prognosis-after-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-younger-patients-association-with-feeling-depressed-in-the-prior-year-and-bdi-ii-score-and-endothelin-1
#8
Luba Yammine, Lorraine Frazier, Nikhil S Padhye, Jennifer E Sanner, Matthew M Burg
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of depressive symptoms and Endothelin (ET)-1 on 2-year prognosis in younger patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Depression is associated with poor post-ACS prognosis; however, few investigations have focused on younger patients. Importantly, the studies that did emphasize younger patients suggested that the influence of depression on prognosis could be more robust in younger subgroups. The particular links between depression and poor prognosis in younger patients have yet to be definitively determined...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712426/negative-affect-is-unrelated-to-fluctuations-in-hormone-levels-across-the-menstrual-cycle-evidence-from-a-multisite-observational-study-across-two-successive-cycles
#9
Michael P Hengartner, Tillmann H C Kruger, Kirsten Geraedts, Enrico Tronci, Toni Mancini, Fabian Ille, Marcel Egli, Susanna Röblitz, Rainald Ehrig, Lanja Saleh, Katharina Spanaus, Cordula Schippert, Yuanyuan Zhang, Brigitte Leeners
BACKGROUND: Female sex hormones may play a crucial role in the occurrence of cycle-related mood disorders. However, the literature is inconsistent and methodologically stringent observational studies on the relationship between sex hormones and negative affect are lacking. METHODS: In this longitudinal multisite study from Hannover, Germany, and Zurich, Switzerland, we examined oestrogen, progesterone, luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and testosterone serum levels in association with negative affect as measured with the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS)...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712190/anxiety-and-depression-in-medical-students-of-a-private-medical-college
#10
Nadia Azad, Afshan Shahid, Nadeem Abbas, Azra Shaheen, Nargis Munir
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are the common mental disorders with a prevalence of 10-44% in developing countries and is the fourth leading cause of morbidity. Undergraduate medical studies are generally perceived to be more stressful for the students as compared to other undergraduate programs as students have to undergo strenuous curriculum and evaluation which may lead to many emotional stresses that may end with psychiatric disorders like depression and anxiety. This study aimed to determine the frequency of anxiety and depression in medical students of Foundation University Medical College (FUMC), Islamabad...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711118/mental-imagery-training-increases-wanting-of-rewards-and-reward-sensitivity-and-reduces-depressive-symptoms
#11
Julia Linke, Michèle Wessa
High reward sensitivity and wanting of rewarding stimuli help to identify and motivate repetition of pleasant activities. This behavioral activation is thought to increase positive emotions. Therefore, both mechanisms are highly relevant for resilience against depressive symptoms. Yet, these mechanisms have not been targeted by psychotherapeutic interventions. In the present study, we tested a mental imagery training comprising eight 10-minute sessions every second day and delivered via the Internet to healthy volunteers (N = 30, 21 female, mean age of 23...
September 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707203/evaluating-cognitive-complaints-in-breast-cancer-survivors-with-the-fact-cog-and-quantitative-electroencephalography
#12
Kathleen Van Dyk, Aimee M Hunter, Linda Ercoli, Laura Petersen, Andrew F Leuchter, Patricia A Ganz
PURPOSE: Targeted methods for evaluating cognitive dysfunction in breast cancer survivors are needed to effectively address this important survivorship issue. To address this need, we examined the validity of a self-report instrument (The functional assessment of cancer therapy: cognitive function; FACT-Cog) regarding correspondence with neuropsychological performance versus depression and evaluated neurophysiological biomarkers of cognition and depressed mood in a sample of breast cancer survivors several years from diagnosis...
July 13, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705886/thyroid-status-quality-of-life-and-mental-health-in-patients-on-hemodialysis
#13
Connie M Rhee, Yanjun Chen, Amy S You, Steven M Brunelli, Csaba P Kovesdy, Matthew J Budoff, Gregory A Brent, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Danh V Nguyen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In the general population, there is increasing recognition of the effect of thyroid function on patient-centered outcomes, including health-related quality of life and depression. Although hypothyroidism is highly prevalent in hemodialysis patients, it is unknown whether thyroid status is a risk factor for impaired health-related quality of life or mental health in this population. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We examined the association of thyroid status, defined by serum thyrotropin, with health-related quality of life and depressive symptoms over time in a prospective cohort of 450 patients on hemodialysis from 17 outpatient dialysis facilities from May of 2013 to May of 2015 who underwent protocolized thyrotropin testing, Short-Form 36 surveys, and Beck Depression Inventory-II questionnaires every 6 months...
July 13, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702757/mental-distress-factors-and-exercise-capacity-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-attending-cardiac-rehabilitation-program
#14
Nijole Kazukauskiene, Julius Burkauskas, Jurate Macijauskiene, Inga Duoneliene, Vaidute Gelziniene, Vilija Jakumaite, Julija Brozaitiene
PURPOSE: There is still insufficient data on mental distress factors contributing to exercise capacity (EC) improvement before and after cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of our study was to evaluate the associations between various mental distress factors and EC before and after exercise-based CR (EBCR). METHODS: Over 12 months, 223 CAD patients (70% men, mean age 58 ± 9 years) were evaluated for socio-demographic, clinical, and mental distress symptoms as measured by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS), Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), and Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699301/prospective-evaluation-of-patient-usage-of-above-and-below-threshold-waveforms-with-traditional-spinal-cord-stimulation-devices
#15
Stephanie Owusu, Alexander Huynh, Eric Gruenthal, Julia Prusik, Stephane Owusu-Sarpong, Rasan Cherala, Sophia Peng, Julie G Pilitsis, Sarah E McCallum
OBJECTIVES: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is an efficacious therapy used to treat chronic pain. The type of SCS programming is important in improving patients' quality of life and overall satisfaction. In this study, 19 patients who underwent SCS with traditional devices were given between 4 and 6 programs including programs with stimulation below sensory threshold and above sensory threshold. Usage patterns and preferences were assessed. METHODS: SCS patients were given 4-6 programs, some above sensory threshold and some below threshold immediately postoperatively after permanent implantation...
July 11, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697489/subjective-sleep-disturbance-in-chinese-adults-with-epilepsy-associations-with-affective-symptoms
#16
Yeru Shen, Mengmeng Zhang, Yu Wang, Lanlan Wang, Xiangjun Xu, Gairong Xiao, Jing Chen, Ting Zhang, Nong Zhou
BACKGROUND: As well as being a very common neurological disease worldwide, epilepsy significantly impairs patients' emotional, behavioral, and cognitive functioning. Sleep disturbances are the most frequent complaint in patients with epilepsy. The present study assesses the impact of a range of affective symptoms on subjective sleep quality and sleep disturbances in Chinese adults with epilepsy. METHODS: Adults with epilepsy who visited our epilepsy clinic from July 2015 to March 2016 were enrolled in our study...
July 1, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697416/depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-are-associated-with-white-blood-cell-count-and-red-cell-distribution-width-a-sex-stratified-analysis-in-a-population-based-study
#17
Mojtaba Shafiee, Maryam Tayefi, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian, Zahra Ghaneifar, Mohammad Reza Parizadeh, Amir Avan, Farzad Rahmani, Zahra Khorasanchi, Mahmoud Reza Azarpajouh, Hamideh Safarian, Mohsen Moohebati, Alireza Heidari-Bakavoli, Habibolah Esmaeili, Mohsen Nematy, Mohammad Safarian, Mahmoud Ebrahimi, Gordon A Ferns, Naghmeh Mokhber, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are two common mood disorders that are both linked to systemic inflammation. Increased white blood cell (WBC) count and red cell distribution width (RDW) are associated with negative clinical outcomes in a wide variety of pathological conditions. WBC is a non-specific inflammatory marker and RDW is also strongly related to other inflammatory markers. Therefore, we proposed that there might be an association between these hematological inflammatory markers and depression/anxiety symptoms...
July 3, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695903/social-support-and-its-association-with-depression-gender-and-socioeconomic-indicators-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-iran
#18
Z Khazaeipour, M Hajiaghababaei, B Mirminachi, A R Vaccaro, V Rahimi-Movaghar
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between perceived social support and depression and to evaluate the role of family, friends and other caregivers in the perception of social support in Iranian individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: Social support was evaluated using the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support questionnaire, which gauges perceptions of support from family, friends and 'important persons'...
July 11, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692578/turning-1-year-of-age-in-a-low-socioeconomic-environment-a-portrait-of-disadvantage
#19
Hallam Hurt, Laura M Betancourt
In the United States today, 16 million children are growing up poor. Few studies report multiple environmental factors associated with poverty during the first year of life and effects on infant development. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate maternal, home, and neighborhood environment of low and higher socioeconomic status (SES) infants from birth to 1 year and to evaluate the impact of SES and environment on infant developmental outcome at 1 year. METHODS: Low (n = 30) and higher SES (n = 30) African-American mothers and their healthy term gestation female infants were prospectively compared for environmental characteristics and infant developmental outcome...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692003/comparison-of-psychological-quality-of-life-work-limitation-and-socioeconomic-status-between-patients-with-occupational-asthma-and-work-exacerbated-asthma
#20
Joshua C Lipszyc, Frances Silverman, Dorothy Linn Holness, Gary M Liss, Kim L Lavoie, Susan M Tarlo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare psychological status, quality of life (QoL), work limitation, and socioeconomic status between patients with occupational asthma (OA) and work-exacerbated asthma (WEA). METHODS: The following questionnaires were administered to participants: Beck anxiety and depression (II) inventories, Marks' Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire, and Work Limitations Questionnaire. Cross-sectional analyses between OA and WEA subgroups were completed...
July 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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