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Beck Depression Inventory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433887/effects-of-clay-art-therapy-on-adults-outpatients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Joshua K M Nan, Rainbow T H Ho
BACKGROUND: Depression has become a critical global health problem, affecting millions of people. Cost-effective nonpharmacological treatment in community settings has been proposed to complement medical treatment. Short-term clay art therapy (CAT) is an alternative treatment that promotes the enhancement of various aspects of mental health for depressed individuals. METHODS: One-hundred and six adults with depression were randomized into a CAT group or visual art (VA) control group for six 2...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433366/a-first-choice-combined-oral-contraceptive-influences-general-well-being-in-healthy-women-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#2
Niklas Zethraeus, Anna Dreber, Eva Ranehill, Liselott Blomberg, Fernand Labrie, Bo von Schoultz, Magnus Johannesson, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is a causal effect of oral contraceptive (OC) treatment on general well-being and depressed mood in healthy women. DESIGN: Double-blind, randomized, and placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Three hundred and forty healthy women aged 18-35 years randomized to treatment, of whom 332 completed the data collection at follow-up evaluation. INTERVENTION(S): A combined OC (150 μg levonorgestrel and 30 μg ethinylestradiol) or placebo for 3 months of treatment...
April 19, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428161/toward-game-based-digital-mental-health-interventions-player-habits-and-preferences
#3
Regan Lee Mandryk, Max Valentin Birk
BACKGROUND: Designers of digital interventions for mental health often leverage interactions from games because the intrinsic motivation that results from game-based interventions may increase participation and translate into improved treatment efficacy. However, there are outstanding questions about the suitability (eg, are desktop or mobile interventions more appropriate?) and intervention potential (eg, do people with depression activate enough to play?) of games for mental health...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425730/the-relation-of-anxiety-and-cognition-in-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Gretchen O Reynolds, Kristine K Hanna, Sandy Neargarder, Alice Cronin-Golomb
OBJECTIVE: Parkinson's disease (PD) has long been conceptualized as a motor disorder, but nonmotor symptoms also manifest in the disease and significantly reduce quality of life. Anxiety and cognitive dysfunction are prevalent nonmotor symptoms, even in early disease stages, but the relation between these symptoms remains poorly understood. We examined self-reported anxiety and neurocognitive function, indexed by measures of executive function (set-shifting and phonemic fluency), categorical fluency, and attention/working memory...
April 20, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424921/evolution-of-psychological-condition-in-caregivers-of-patients-with-disorders-of-consciousness-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Francesco Corallo, Lilla Bonanno, Viviana Lo Buono, Simona De Salvo, Cettina Allone, Rosanna Palmeri, Elena La Gattuta, Carmela Rifici, Antonella Alagna, Antonino Todaro, Placido Bramanti, Silvia Marino
The aim of this study is to evaluate mood disorders and needs in caregivers of disorders of consciousness (DOC) patients during the admission to Neurorehabilitation Unit. A total of 80 caregivers was enrolled and divided in two groups (caregivers of vegetative state-VS patients and caregivers of minimally conscious state-MCS patients). Paired sample t tests were carried out to test differences between baseline observation (T0) and after 6 months (T1). Caregivers of VS patients showed an improvement between T0 and T1 especially, in vitality, mean health, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Y (STAI-Y), Prolonged Grief Disorder (PG 12) and Caregiver Needs Assessment (CNA)...
April 19, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422805/a-randomized-pilot-study-comparing-ketamine-and-methohexital-anesthesia-for-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-patients-with-depression
#6
Shona L Ray-Griffith, Lou Ann Eads, Xiaotong Han, Kimberly Golden, Zachary N Stowe
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled pilot study examines the differences in response to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) as defined by an improvement of depressive symptoms between ketamine and methohexital as the primary anesthetic agent. Adverse effects and cognitive tolerability were also examined. METHODS: Subjects undergoing ECT for unipolar or bipolar depression were randomized to receive ketamine or methohexital as the anesthetic agent. Primary outcome measure includes the Hamilton rating scale for depression (17-item)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420578/metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-are-related-to-psychological-disorders-a-population-based-study
#7
Mohammad Bagherniya, Sayyed Saeid Khayyatzadeh, Amir Avan, Mohammad Safarian, Mohsen Nematy, Gordon A Ferns, Naghmeh Mokhber, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
BACKGROUND: Psychological disorders are considered as today's one of the most important public health problems all around the world. Another alarming condition, which attributed to cardiovascular disease (CVD) is metabolic syndrome (Mets). The aims of the current study were to explore (1) the prevalence of anxiety and depression in a large representative population of Iran, and (2) evaluate their possible association with MetS patients. METHOD: Applying a randomized stratified-cluster approach, 9829 adults, aged 35-65 years, were recruited as part of the MASHAD study...
April 6, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419913/depression-and-anxiety-both-associate-with-serum-level-of-hs-crp-a-gender-stratified-analysis-in-a-population-based-study
#8
Maryam Tayefi, Mojtaba Shafiee, Seyyed Mohammad Reza Kazemi-Bajestani, Habibolah Esmaeili, Susan Darroudi, Samaneh Khakpouri, Maryam Mohammadi, Zahra Ghaneifar, Mahmoud Reza Azarpajouh, Mohsen Moohebati, Alireza Heidari-Bakavoli, Mohammad Reza Parizadeh, Mohsen Nematy, Mohammad Safarian, Mahmoud Ebrahimi, Gordon A Ferns, Naghmeh Mokhber, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are two important mood disorders that are frequently associated with chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Hyper-inflammation is related to both CVDs and psychological conditions such as depression and anxiety. Therefore, inflammation may partially explain the relationship between depression and cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to perform a gender-stratified examination of the association between symptoms of depression/anxiety disorders and serum hs-CRP and inflammation linked conditions in a large Iranian population...
April 2, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414758/early-dialysis-initiation-does-not-improve-clinical-outcomes-in-elderly-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Jae Yoon Park, Kyung Don Yoo, Yong Chul Kim, Dong Ki Kim, Kwon Wook Joo, Shin-Wook Kang, Chul Woo Yang, Nam-Ho Kim, Yong-Lim Kim, Chun-Soo Lim, Yon Su Kim, Jung Pyo Lee
BACKGROUND: The optimal timing for initiating dialysis in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is controversial, especially in the elderly. METHODS: 665 patients ≥65 years old who began dialysis from August 2008 to February 2015 were prospectively enrolled in the Clinical Research Center for End-Stage Renal Disease cohort study. Participants were divided into 2 groups based on the median estimated glomerular filtration rate at the initiation of dialysis. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to compare the overall survival rate, cardiovascular events, Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form 36 (KDQOL-36) results, Karnofsky performance scale values, Beck's depression inventory values, and subjective global assessments...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412867/weight-gain-body-image-and-sexual-function-in-young-patients-treated-with-contraceptive-vaginal-ring-a-prospective-pilot-study
#10
Elena Morotti, Paolo Casadio, Francesca Guasina, Bruno Battaglia, Mara Mattioli, Cesare Battaglia
INTRODUCTION: Oral contraceptives could induce mood changes. As far as our knowledge, there are no studies in literature that have examined the role of vaginal contraception in self-perceived body image. AIM: To evaluate the effects of intravaginal contraception on weight gain and perceived body image in relation with the Beck's Depression Inventory questionnaire (BDI) and the McCoy Female Sexuality Questionnaire (MFSQ). METHODS: Twenty-one adult (18-35 years old) eumenorrheic (menstrual cycle of 25-35 days), lean (body mass index - BMI - of 19-25 kg/m(2)) women who were referred for hormonal contraception were administered the Stunkard Figure Rating Scale (FRS), BDI and MFSQ...
April 17, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411575/the-risk-factors-of-possible-ptsd-in-individuals-exposed-to-a-suicide-attack-in-turkey
#11
Altan Eşsizoğlu, Ali Ercan Altınöz, Harun Olcay Sonkurt, Murat Can Kaya, Ferdi Köşger, Cem Kaptanoğlu
The aims of this study were to determine both the rate of possible PTSD in individuals who were exposed to a suicide attack in Ankara, Turkey, and the factors that relate to the elevated risk for PTSD in individuals who survived that suicide attack. The researchers carried out the study with 93 participants who had attended a meeting held in Ankara on October 10, 2015. Participants completed a sociodemographic information form, the Traumatic Stress Symptom Checklist (TSSC), the Post-Traumatic Cognitions Inventory, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the Influence of Perceived Societal Attitudes Questionnaire (IPSAQ)...
April 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408037/reduced-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-advanced-heart-failure-after-left-ventricular-assist-device-implantation
#12
Gardner Yost, Geetha Bhat, Edward Mahoney, Antone Tatooles
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of depression and anxiety in patients with advanced heart failure, the effects of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation on these critically important aspects of mental health are not well understood. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess changes in depression and anxiety following LVAD implantation. METHODS: The Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) were administered to 54 patients by a clinical psychologist at a mean of 12 days before LVAD implantation and 251 days after implantation...
February 12, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407737/pain-in-amaxhosa-women-living-with-hiv-aids-a-cross-sectional-study-of-ambulant-outpatients
#13
Romy Parker, Jennifer Jelsma, Dan J Stein
BACKGROUND: Pain is one of the most commonly reported symptoms in people living with HIV/AIDS, whether or not they are receiving anti-retroviral therapy. A recent systematic review identified a paucity of studies exploring pain in women in low and middle income countries. The prevalence and characteristics of pain in women living with HIV/AIDS may differ from that of men as many chronic pain conditions are more prevalent in women. The aims of this study were to establish pain prevalence, characteristics and management in amaXhosa women living with HIV/AIDS...
April 13, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407460/depressive-symptoms-and-their-interactions-with-emotions-and-personality-traits-over-time-interaction-networks-in-a-psychiatric-clinic
#14
Laura N Semino, Josef Marksteiner, Gernot Brauchle, Erik Danay
Objective: Associations between depression, personality traits, and emotions are complex and reciprocal. The aim of this study is to explore these interactions in dynamical networks and in a linear way over time depending on the severity of depression. Methods: Participants included 110 patients with depressive symptoms (DSM-5 criteria) who were recruited between October 2015 and February 2016 during their inpatient stay in a general psychiatric hospital in Hall in Tyrol, Austria...
April 13, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407347/severe-depression-and-anxiety-in-women-with-overactive-bladder
#15
Iane Glauce Ribeiro Melotti, Cássia Raquel Teatin Juliato, Mariana Tanaka, Cassio Luiz Zanettini Riccetto
AIM: Depression and anxiety are prevalent psychiatric conditions and are associated with overactive bladder. The objective of this study was to determine prevalence and severity of anxiety and depression associated with overactive bladder (OAB) in women. METHODS: 274 women with clinical diagnosis of OAB were recruited from 2012 to 2015. They were submitted to the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Overactive Bladder (ICIQ-OAB), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI)...
April 13, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403324/screening-and-diagnosing-postpartum-depression-when-and-how
#16
REVIEW
Gustavo Paranhos de Albuquerque Moraes, Laura Lorenzo, Gabriela Arruda Reinaux Pontes, Maria Cristina Montenegro, Amaury Cantilino
Introduction: Prevalence rates of postpartum depression (PPD) vary widely, depending on the methodological parameters used in studies: differences in study populations, diagnostic methods, and postpartum time frame. There is also no consensus on the ideal time to perform screening, on whether PPD can only be diagnosed in the early postnatal period, or on how soon after a delivery depression may be related to it. Objective: To review which instruments have been used over recent years to screen and diagnose PPD and the prevailing periods of diagnosis...
January 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403321/depression-anxiety-hopelessness-and-quality-of-life-in-users-of-cocaine-crack-in-outpatient-treatment
#17
Camila Bosse Paiva, Isadora Borne Ferreira, Vera Lúcia Bosa, Joana Corrêa de Magalhães Narvaez
Objective: To identify symptoms of anxiety, depression, and feelings of hopelessness in patients in outpatient treatment for substance dependency and to test for correlations with various aspects of their quality of life. Methods: A cross-sectional study of a sample of 25 men in recuperation from substance dependency, selected by convenience. We assessed symptoms of depression (Beck Depression Inventory-II), anxiety (Beck Anxiety Inventory), hopelessness (Beck Hopelessness Scale), and quality of life (World Health Organization Quality of Life instrument-Abbreviated version [WHOQOL-Bref]), and also analyzed sociodemographic profile, substance abuse, and family history...
January 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402682/ibogaine-treatment-outcomes-for-opioid-dependence-from-a-twelve-month-follow-up-observational-study
#18
Geoffrey E Noller, Chris M Frampton, Berra Yazar-Klosinski
BACKGROUND: The psychoactive indole alkaloid ibogaine has been associated with encouraging treatment outcomes for opioid dependence. The legal status of ibogaine in New Zealand provides a unique opportunity to evaluate durability of treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To examine longitudinal treatment effects over a 12-month period among individuals receiving legal ibogaine treatment for opioid dependence. METHOD: This observational study measured addiction severity as the primary outcome in 14 participants (50% female) over 12 months post-treatment using the Addiction Severity Index-Lite (ASI-Lite) following a single ibogaine treatment by either of two treatment providers...
April 12, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400146/comparison-of-four-brief-depression-screening-instruments-in-ovarian-cancer-patients-diagnostic-accuracy-using-traditional-versus-alternative-cutpoints
#19
Eileen H Shinn, Alan Valentine, George Baum, Cindy Carmack, Kelly Kilgore, Diane Bodurka, Karen Basen-Engquist
OBJECTIVES: We compared the diagnostic accuracy of 4 depression screening scales, using traditional and alternative scoring methods, to the gold standard Structured Clinical Interview-DSM IV major depressive episode (MDE) in ovarian cancer patients on active treatment. METHODS: At the beginning of a new chemotherapy regimen, ovarian cancer patients completed the following surveys on the same day: the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), the Beck Depression Inventory Fast-Screen for Primary Care (BDI-FastScreen), the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and a 1-item screener ("Are you depressed?")...
April 8, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399092/-the-affective-pathology-in-patients-with-adolescent-bulimia-nervosa
#20
V V Grachev
AIM: To investigate affective pathology in patients with adolescent bulimia nervosa (BN) and to analyze comorbid mutual influences of these clinical entities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A sample consisted of 52 young female patients, aged from 13.9 to 17.4 years, who simultaneously meet ICD-10 criteria of F50.2 - typical BN and F30-F39 - mood disorders. The Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) and the Beck Depression Inventory were used for psychometric assessment. Duration of follow-up ranged from 1 to 7 years...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
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