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Beck Depression Inventory

Samah W Al-Jabi, Ansam Sous, Fatimah Jorf, Mahmoud Taqatqa, Mahdi Allan, Lamees Sawalha, Enas Lubadeh, Sa'ed H Zyoud, Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of end-stage renal disease in the Palestinian population and the effect of the disease on the psychological status of the patient underlie the importance of increasing knowledge about the mental health status of patients with end-stage renal disease. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of depression in Palestinian patients treated with haemodialysis and its correlation with patients' clinical characteristics, health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and adherence to medications...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
Anthony Feinstein, Bennis Pavisian, Hannah Storm
Objective: To explore the emotional health of journalists covering the migrations of refugees across Europe. Design: Descriptive. A secure website was established and participants were given their unique identifying number and password to access the site. Setting: Newsrooms and in the field. Participants: Responses were received from 80 (70.2%) of 114 journalists from nine news organisations. Main outcome measures: Symptoms of PTSD (Impact of Events Scale-revised), depression (Beck Depression Inventory-Revised) and moral injury (Moral Injury Events Scale-revised)...
March 2018: JRSM Open
Kristin L Szuhany, Danny MacKenzie, Michael W Otto
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The impaired ability to delay rewards, delay discounting (DD), is associated with several problematic conditions in which impulsive decision-making derails long-term goals. Working memory (WM), the ability to actively store and manipulate information, is associated with DD. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of cognitive priming on DD and to identify moderation of this effect dependent on degree of WM capacity (WMC) and depressed mood. METHODS: A WM task (n-back) was used as a cognitive prime before assessment of DD (Monetary Choice Questionnaire) and was compared to a similar prime from an inhibition task in a factorial design in 183 community participants...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Štefica Mikšić, Maja Miškulin, Brankica Juranić, Željko Rakošec, Aleksandar Včev, Dunja Degmečić
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women experience a set of biological and psychological disturbances. The aim of this study was to assess the appearance of depressive symptoms and suicidal thoughts in pregnant women during the third trimester of pregnancy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 110 pregnant women were included in the study. All of them filled out an anonymous questionnaire about sociodemographic data, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI)...
March 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Seung Ho Jang, Jae Hee Lee, Hye Jin Lee, Sang Yeol Lee
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness-based art therapy (MBAT) induces emotional relaxation in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients, and is a treatment known to improve psychological stability. The objective of this study was to evaluate the treatment effects of MBAT for CAD patients. METHODS: A total of 44 CAD patients were selected as participants, 21 patients belonged to a MBAT group, and 23 patients belonged to the control group. The patients in the MBAT group were given 12 sessions of treatments...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Ellen Generaal, Erik J Timmermans, Jasper E C Dekkers, Johannes H Smit, Brenda W J H Penninx
BACKGROUND: Which neighbourhood factors most consistently impact on depression and anxiety remains unclear. This study examines whether objectively obtained socioeconomic, physical and social aspects of the neighbourhood in which persons live are associated with the presence and severity of depressive and anxiety disorders. METHODS: Cross-sectional data are from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety including participants (n = 2980) with and without depressive and anxiety disorders in the past year (based on DSM-based psychiatric interviews)...
March 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Lucy Gee, Heather C Smith, Zohal Ghulam-Jelani, Hirah Khan, Julia Prusik, Paul J Feustel, Sarah E McCallum, Julie G Pilitsis
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain causes a significant burden to the US health care system, is difficult to treat, and remains a significant contributor to increased opioid use in the United States. Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) has been FDA approved for the treatment of chronic pain. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the hypothesis that SCS reduces opioid use, and alone maintains clinical outcome measures of pain and psychosocial determinants of health. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, we evaluated 86 patients undergoing SCS surgery for the treatment of chronic pain between September 2012 and August 2015...
March 12, 2018: Neurosurgery
Martín Bedolla-Barajas, Norma Angélica Pulido-Guillén, Bolívar Vivar-Aburto, Jaime Morales-Romero, José Raúl Ortiz-Peregrina, Martín Robles-Figueroa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there is an association between suicidal ideation (SI) and allergic diseases in adults. METHODS: This was a comparative cross-sectional study involving individuals ranging from 20 to 50 years of age recruited from a university hospital in the city of Guadalajara, Mexico. We included patients with a confirmed diagnosis of allergic asthma, those with a confirmed diagnosis of allergic rhinitis, and healthy controls. All subjects completed the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), which includes an item that evaluates the presence of suicidal thoughts or desires within the last two weeks, in order to identify SI...
January 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Melissa Milanovic, Emma Ayukawa, Aleksandra Usyatynsky, Katherine Holshausen, Christopher R Bowie
We investigated the discrepancy between competence and real-world performance in major depressive disorder (MDD) for adaptive and interpersonal behaviors, determining whether self-efficacy significantly predicts this discrepancy, after considering depressive symptoms. Forty-two participants (Mage = 37.64, 66.67% female) with MDD were recruited from mental health clinics. Competence, self-efficacy, and real-world functioning were evaluated in adaptive and interpersonal domains; depressive symptoms were assessed with the Beck Depression Inventory II...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Stacy Buckingham-Howes, Katherine Holmes, J Glenn Morris, Lynn M Grattan
The economic impact of disasters is well known; however, the link between financial loss and behavioral health problems is unknown. Participants included 198 adults of ages 21 to 82, living within 10 miles of the Gulf Coast during the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and were involved in the fishing, harvesting, seafood processing, or service/tourism industries. The functional impact of financial resource loss at 2.5 years post spill was measured using the 26-item Financial Life Events Checklist (FLEC). Individuals responded to financial distress by reducing social events and utility bills and changing food-shopping habits...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
Yueh-Min Liu, Hong-Jer Chang, Ru-Hwa Wang, Li-King Yang, Kuo-Cheng Lu, Yi-Chou Hou
Background: Patients who undergo hemodialysis encounter challenges including role changes, physical degeneration, and difficulty in performing activities of daily living (ADLs) and self-care. These challenges deteriorate their physiological and psychosocial conditions, resulting in depression. High resilience (RES) and social support can alleviate stress and depression. This study evaluated the importance of RES and social support in managing depression in elderly patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (HD)...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Saadet Ufuk Yurdalan, Begüm Ünlü, Mine Seyyah, Batuhan Şenyıldız, Yunus Kubilay Çetin, Menekşe Çimen
BACKGROUND: Burns can cause life-threatening injuries and severe limitations. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the structured home-based exercise program on depression status and quality of life in burn patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was carried out in the Wound and Burn Treatment Department of University of Health Sciences, Dr. Lütfi Kırdar Kartal Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul. Thirty burn patients voluntarily participated in this study...
March 10, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Lina Kurdahi Badr
PURPOSE: Although the negative consequences of maternal depression on infants has been documented in several Western societies, similar studies have not been conducted in Middle-Eastern countries where cultural norms and traditions may differ. The main objective of this study was to determine the risk factors for postpartum depression (PPD) and its relationship to mother -infant bonding in a Lebanese population. METHODS: One hundred and fifty participants were administered the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS), and the social support scale at 2-3 days postpartum...
March 10, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
Victoria Omranifard, Ebrahim Haghighizadeh, Shahla Akouchekian
Background: The most common neurodegenerative disease is dementia. Family of dementia patients says that their lives have been changed extensively after happening of dementia to their patients. One of the problems of family and caregivers is depression of the caregiver. In this study, we aimed to find the prevalence of depression and factors can affect depression in the dementia caregivers. Materials and Methods: This study was cross-sectional study with convenient sampling method...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Mostafa Heydari, Saideh Masafi, Mehdi Jafari, Seyed Hassan Saadat, Shima Shahyad
AIM: Considering the key role of human resources as the main operator of organisations, the present research aimed to determine the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy for anxiety and depression of Razi Psychiatric Center staff. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This research follows a quasi-experimental type with pre-test, post-test plans, and control group. Accordingly, 30 people were selected through volunteered sampling among Razi Psychiatric Center staff...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Samuel Y S Wong, Yu Ying Sun, Aaroy T Y Chan, Maria K W Leung, David V K Chao, Carole C K Li, King K H Chan, Wai Kwong Tang, Trevor Mazzucchelli, Alma M L Au, Benjamin H K Yip
PURPOSE: We undertook a randomized controlled trial to assess the efficacy of group-based behavioral activation with mindfulness (BAM) for treating subthreshold depression in primary care in Hong Kong. METHODS: We recruited adult patients aged 18 years or older with subthreshold depression from public primary care clinics and randomly assigned them to a BAM intervention group or a usual care group. The BAM group was provided with eight 2-hour weekly BAM sessions by trained allied health care workers...
March 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
Gergely Horváth, Teodóra Keleti, Mihály Makara, Gabor S Ungvari, Gábor Gazdag
PURPOSE: To assess the quality of life (QoL) of patients with hepatitis C infection (HCI) and its correlations with demographic and clinical variables. DESIGN AND METHODS: QoL and depressive symptoms were evaluated with the validated rating instruments of the 36-item short form (SF-36) generic health survey and the second version of the self-rated Beck depression inventory (BDI-II) in a cross-sectional design and correlated with basic demographic and clinical variables, including the Fibroscan score, which indicates the severity of liver impairment...
March 12, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Richa Sharma, Gita Radhakrishnan, M S Bhatia, Rashmi Gupta, Anita Mehdiratta
Psychological assessment using the Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI) on 196 eligible Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) seekers showed that the depression rate prior to MTP was 12 (6.1%) and had increased to 21 (10.7%) 1 month after MTP. Risk factors included primipara, second-trimester abortion, MTP on humanitarian grounds (rape), foetal congenital anomalies and maternal illness. Psychological morbidity due to abortion greatly interferes with the interpersonal, spousal and mother-child relationships. This demands the need of counselling centres so that each MTP seeker could be counselled prior to and after MTP...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Antonio Reis de Sá Junior, Arthur Guerra de Andrade, Laura Helena Andrade, Clarice Gorenstein, Yuan-Pang Wang
BACKGROUND: This study examines the response pattern of depressive symptoms in a nationwide student sample, through item analyses of a rating scale by both classical test theory (CTT) and item response theory (IRT). METHODS: The 21-item Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) was administered to 12,711 college students. First, the psychometric properties of the scale were described. Thereafter, the endorsement probability of depressive symptom in each scale item was analyzed through CTT and IRT...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Giulia Malaguarnera, Manuela Pennisi, Gaetano Bertino, Massimo Motta, Antonio Maria Borzì, Enzo Vicari, Rita Bella, Filippo Drago, Michele Malaguarnera
BACKGROUND: Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy (MHE) is characterized by an impairment of social interaction, emotional behavior, sleep disorders, physical and mental symptoms, and diminished Quality of Life (QoL). The aim of our study is evaluating the potential liver health promoting a perspective of Resveratrol (RV) activities and evaluate whether RV treatment may improve health related quality of life (HRQL) and reduce depression and anxiety in patients with MHE. METHODS: W e evaluated depression using the Beck Depression Inventory test, anxiety with State-trait anxiety inventory test, quality of life through SF-36 test, and ammonia serum levels in 70 MHE patients that were randomized into two groups...
March 9, 2018: Nutrients
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