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Beck Depression Inventory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214780/distress-intolerance-in-the-parents-of-substance-dependent-patients
#1
Suat Ekinci, Hanife Uğur Kural
The purpose of this study was to determine levels of Distress Tolerance (DT) and to compare levels of DT, depression, and anxiety in the parents of substance dependent patients. This sample included 40 parents of inpatients undergoing treatment for substance dependence (SDPP) in the Balıklı Rum Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. A healthy control group was recruited of 40 individuals with no Axis I diagnoses that were counterbalanced with the SDPP group in terms of age and sex. All study participants completed a sociodemographic data form and the Beck Depression Inventory, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the State & Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Distress Tolerance Scale...
December 24, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211550/assessment-of-depressiveness-in-population-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-polish-version-of-the-cesd-r
#2
Karolina Koziara
OBJECTIVES: Psychometric evaluation of reliability and usefulness of the Polish version of the CESD-R - a revised version of the CES-D - screening test for depression. METHODS: In an online survey the CESD-R and the Beck Depression Inventory were applied to 260 participants (men and women). Reliability was assessed with Cronbach's method and split-half (odd-even) method. Same as in the original English publication, factor analysis was performed and three factors were distinguished...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209104/impact-of-gluten-free-diet-on-quality-of-life-in-celiac-patients
#3
R Borghini, M Di Tola, E Salvi, C Isonne, M Puzzono, M Marino, G Donato, A Picarelli
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Celiac disease (CD) is a common gluten-related disorder, whose only treatment is a gluten-free diet (GFD). Since a unique view on psychological consequences of a GFD still lacks, our aim was to assess the quality of life (QoL) and the depression state in symptomatic CD patients after GFD. Socio-demographic features were considered. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 210 adult CD patients were recruited and divided into 3 groups : 70 newly diagnosed patients (​Group A​),70 patients who have been on GFD for 6-12 months (​Group B​), and 70 patients who have been on GFD for more than 12 months (​Group C​)...
September 2016: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208079/bias-in-beliefs-about-the-self-is-associated-with-depressive-but-not-anxious-mood
#4
M C Obonsawin, J Carlisle, C J Patterson, K Black, K M Davidson, N Masson
BACKGROUND: Biases in beliefs about the self are associated with psychopathology and depressive and anxious mood, but it is not clear if both negative and positive beliefs are associated with depression or anxiety. We examined these relationships in people who present with a wide range of depressive and anxious mood across diagnostic categories. METHODS: We probed positive and negative beliefs about the self with a task in which 74 female participants with either affective disorder (depression and/or anxiety), borderline personality disorder or no psychiatric history indicated the degree to which 60 self-related words was "like them" or "not like them"...
January 21, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205232/preliminary-study-of-testosterone-and-empathy-in-determining-recidivism-and-antisocial-behavior
#5
Samuel J House, Jacob M Laan, Raymond K Molden, James C Ritchie, Zachary N Stowe
Recidivism, repeated criminal behavior after conviction and correction of prior offenses, is a costly problem across the nation. However, the contribution of empathy in determining the risk of recidivism has received limited attention, although lack of empathy has been related to antisocial personality disorder in various studies. Studies linked testosterone to aggression, antisocial behavior, and criminality, and evidence support hormonal connections between empathy and aggression. Adult male prison inmates convicted of violent or nonviolent offenses were included in a cross-sectional study of empathy, antisocial behavior, salivary testosterone, and recidivism...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202323/cumulative-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-sexual-satisfaction-in-sex-therapy-patients-what-role-for-symptom-complexity
#6
Noémie Bigras, Natacha Godbout, Martine Hébert, Stéphane Sabourin
INTRODUCTION: Patients consulting for sexual difficulties frequently present additional personal or relational disorders and symptoms. This is especially the case when they have experienced cumulative adverse childhood experiences (CACEs), which are associated with symptom complexity. CACEs refer to the extent to which an individual has experienced an accumulation of different types of adverse childhood experiences including sexual, physical, and psychological abuse; neglect; exposure to inter-parental violence; and bullying...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196529/prevalence-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Lijuan Zhang, Ting Fu, Rulan Yin, Qiuxiang Zhang, Biyu Shen
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients are at high risk for depression and anxiety. However, the estimated prevalence of these disorders varies substantially between studies. This systematic review aimed to establish pooled prevalence levels of depression and anxiety among adult SLE patients. METHODS: We systematically reviewed databases including PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane database library from their inception to August 2016. Studies presenting data on depression and/or anxiety in adult SLE patients and having a sample size of at least 60 patients were included...
February 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195858/psychophysical-and-psychological-predictors-of-acute-pain-after-breast-surgery-differ-in-patients-with-and-without-pre-existing-chronic-pain
#8
Ruth Ruscheweyh, Anika Viehoff, Joke Tio, Esther M Pogatzki-Zahn
The prediction of acute postoperative pain would be of great clinical advantage but results of studies investigating possible predictors are inconsistent. Here, we studied the role of a wide variety of previously suggested predictors in 74 patients undergoing breast surgery. Preoperatively, patients filled out the Pain Sensitivity Questionnaire (PSQ) and a set of psychological questionnaires (the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS)) and participated in an experimental pain testing session, including assessment of conditioned pain modulation (CPM), temporal summation, and responses to heat, pinprick and pressure pain...
February 9, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192886/association-of-sleep-quality-in-behcet-disease-with-disease-activity-depression-and-quality-of-life-in-korean-population
#9
Jimin Lee, Sung-Soo Kim, Hye-Jin Jeong, Chang-Nam Son, Ji-Min Kim, Yong-Won Cho, Sang-Hyon Kim
Background/Aims: Sleep disturbance is prime concern in patients with Behcet disease. The purpose of this study was to find out the effects of sleep quality, in Korean patients suffering from Behcet disease. We further investigated the relationship between depression, quality of life and the clinical findings of Behcet disease. Methods: The study was performed by the cross-sectional design. Sleep quality was assessed by the Korean version of Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI)...
February 16, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191264/mindfulness-based-relapse-prevention-for-stimulant-dependent-adults-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Suzette Glasner-Edwards, Larissa J Mooney, Alfonso Ang, Hélène Chokron Garneau, Emily Hartwell, Mary-Lynn Brecht, Richard A Rawson
In light of the known associations between stress, negative affect, and relapse, mindfulness strategies hold promise as a means of reducing relapse susceptibility. In a pilot randomized clinical trial, we evaluated the effects of Mindfulness Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP), relative to a health education control condition (HE) among stimulant dependent adults receiving contingency management. All participants received a 12-week contingency management (CM) intervention. Following a 4-week CM-only lead in phase, participants were randomly assigned to concurrently receive MBRP (n=31) or HE (n=32)...
February 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187404/potentized-estrogen-in-homeopathic-treatment-of-endometriosis-associated-pelvic-pain-a-24-week-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#11
Marcus Zulian Teixeira, Sérgio Podgaec, Edmund Chada Baracat
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of potentized estrogen compared to placebo in homeopathic treatment of endometriosis-associated pelvic pain (EAPP). STUDY DESIGN: The present was a 24-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial that included 50 women aged 18-45 years old with diagnosis of deeply infiltrating endometriosis based on magnetic resonance imaging or transvaginal ultrasound after bowel preparation, and score≥5 on a visual analogue scale (VAS: range 0 to 10) for endometriosis-associated pelvic pain...
January 25, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184189/gender-differences-in-neural-responses-to-perceptually-invisible-fearful-face-an-erp-study
#12
Seung A Lee, Chai-Youn Kim, Miseon Shim, Seung-Hwan Lee
Women tend to respond to emotional stimuli differently from men. This study aimed at investigating whether neural responses to perceptually "invisible" emotional stimuli differ between men and women by exploiting event-related potential (ERP). Forty healthy participants (21 women) were recruited for the main experiment. A control experiment was conducted by excluding nine (7 women) participants from the main experiment and replacing them with additional ten (6 women) participants (total 41 participants) where Beck's Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI) scores were controlled...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183400/toward-a-better-understanding-of-social-anxiety-and-depression-in-psoriasis-patients-the-role-of-determinants-mediators-and-moderators
#13
Patryk Łakuta, Hanna Przybyła-Basista
OBJECTIVE: To determine how and under which conditions psoriasis is related to the psychological impairments, in particular, to social anxiety and depression, the current study tested the interplay of selected factors such as gender, age of onset of psoriasis, cognitive and affective elements of body image, experiences of stigmatization, and patients' subjective perceptions of severity of the disease. METHODS: Adult psoriasis patients (N=193) completed the Appearance Schemas Inventory-Revised, the Stigmatization Scale, the Body Emotions Scale, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Social Anxiety Questionnaire...
March 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181920/can-early-rehabilitation-on-the-general-ward-after-an-intensive-care-unit-stay-reduce-hospital-length-of-stay-in-survivors-of-critical-illness-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Wolfgang Gruther, Karin Pieber, Irene Steiner, Cornelia Hein, Jörg Michael Hiesmayr, Tatjana Paternostro-Sluga
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate if an early rehabilitation program for survivors of critical illness improves functional recovery, reduces length of stay, and reduces hospital costs. DESIGN: This was a prospective randomized controlled trial. Fifty-three consecutive survivors of critical illness were included in the study. After discharge from the intensive care unit, the intervention group received an early rehabilitation program, and the standard-care group received physical therapy as ordered by the primary care team...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179336/beck-depression-inventory-as-a-predictor-of-long-term-outcome-among-patients-admitted-to-the-breast-cancer-diagnosis-unit-a-25-year-cohort-study-in-finland
#15
Matti Eskelinen, Riika Korhonen, Tuomas Selander, Paula Ollonen
AIM: The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) is one of the most widely used instruments for measuring the severity of depression. However, there has been no prospective study to investigate the long-term outcome in patients admitted to Breast Cancer Diagnosis Units. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the Kuopio Breast Cancer Study, women with breast symptoms were evaluated for total BDI score before any diagnostic procedures were carried out. The relapse-free survival (RFS) was calculated from the time of diagnosis to the time of first relapse including local relapse, contralateral breast cancer (BC) or metastatic disease...
2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174110/cortical-and-cardiovascular-responses-to-acute-stressors-and-their-relations-with-psychological-distress
#16
Agostino Brugnera, Cristina Zarbo, Roberta Adorni, Giorgio A Tasca, Massimo Rabboni, Emi Bondi, Angelo Compare, Kaoru Sakatani
The purpose of this study was to assess the interrelation between cortical, cardiovascular, behavioural, and psychological responses to acute stressors in a large sample of healthy individuals. To date, there are only preliminary evidences for a significant association among these psychophysiological indexes during a stress task. 65 participants completed psychological questionnaires (Beck Depression Inventory and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory) and underwent a psychosocial math stress task, consisting of a control and an experimental (i...
February 4, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173855/burden-screening-and-treatment-of-depressive-and-anxious-symptoms-among-women-referred-to-cardiac-rehabilitation-a-prospective-study
#17
Megan C Hurley, Heather M Arthur, Caroline Chessex, Paul Oh, Karam Turk-Adawi, Sherry L Grace
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among women. Women with CVD experience a greater burden of psychosocial distress than men, and practice guidelines promote screening in cardiac patients, especially women. The objectives herein were to describe the burden of psychosocial distress, extent of screening, forms of treatment, and whether receipt of treatment was related to psychosocial distress symptom severity at follow-up, among women...
February 7, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168992/the-relationship-between-atypical-depression-and-ins%C3%A3-lin-resistance-in-patients-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-major-depression
#18
Osman Özdemir, Zehra Kurdoglu, Saliha Yıldız, Pınar Güzel Özdemir, Ekrem Yilmaz
In this study, we aimed to examine the relationship between atypical depression and insulin resistance (IR) in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and major depression. A total of 176 subjects (69 patients with PCOS, 58 patients with depression, and 49 healthy controls) were included in the study. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), and the Scale for Suicide Ideation (SSI) were administered. Data concerning their height, weight, fasting a...
December 3, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161874/mindfulness-and-pharmacological-prophylaxis-after-withdrawal-from-medication-overuse-in-patients-with-chronic-migraine-an-effectiveness-trial-with-a-one-year-follow-up
#19
Licia Grazzi, Emanuela Sansone, Alberto Raggi, Domenico D'Amico, Andrea De Giorgio, Matilde Leonardi, Laura De Torres, Francisco Salgado-García, Frank Andrasik
BACKGROUND: Chronic Migraine (CM) is a disabling condition, worsened when associated with Medication Overuse (MO). Mindfulness is an emerging technique, effective in different pain conditions, but it has yet to be explored for CM-MO. We report the results of a study assessing a one-year course of patients' status, with the hypothesis that the effectiveness of a mindfulness-based approach would be similar to that of conventional prophylactic treatments. METHODS: Patients with CM-MO (code 1...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160748/resting-state-eeg-gamma-power-and-theta-gamma-coupling-enhancement-following-high-frequency-left-dorsolateral-prefrontal-rtms-in-patients-with-depression
#20
Yoshihiro Noda, Reza Zomorrodi, Takashi Saeki, Tarek K Rajji, Daniel M Blumberger, Zafiris J Daskalakis, Motoaki Nakamura
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate neuromodulatory effects of high-frequency left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on resting-state electroencephalography (EEG) and their clinical and cognitive correlates in patients with depression. METHODS: Thirty-one patients diagnosed with depression included in the present study. Resting-state gamma power and theta-gamma coupling (TGC) were calculated before and after a course of rTMS...
January 9, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
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