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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241258/-changes-of-motor-balance-in-the-course-of-an-inpatient-psychosomatic-rehabilitation
#1
ElisabethJohanna Grub, Georg Wydra, Michael Käfer, Volker Köllner
Aim of the study For many rehabilitants both the motor balance and the feeling of being emotionally stable and in balance are essential preconditions for participation in employment and society. The goal of this study was to capture changes in motor balance in the course of an inpatient psychosomatic rehabilitation and to set them in relation to changes in mental variables. Methods 118 patients of a psychosomatic clinic (49.3±8.6 years; 75.4 % women) were examined at the beginning and the end of rehabilitation...
December 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241214/nasalance-variability-in-3-to-5-year-old-children-during-production-of-speech-stimulus-in-three-vowel-contexts
#2
Seunghee Ha, Ilsan Shin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether age and vowel contexts influence test-retest nasalance score variability in typically developing Korean children. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-five 3- to 5-year-old children with normal speech and resonance participated in the study. METHODS: All subjects were asked to repeat three 4-syllable speech stimuli in high, low, or mixed vowel contexts twice after the examiner. An immediate test-retest nasalance score was assessed with no headgear change...
December 14, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241212/serum-magnesium-abnormality-and-influencing-factors-of-serum-magnesium-level-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-single-center-study-in-northern-china
#3
Shihming Tsai, Huiping Zhao, Bei Wu, Li Zuo, Mei Wang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Both hypomagnesemia and hypermagnesemia have been associated with cardiovascular diseases, bone diseases, and mortality in dialysis patients. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of and influencing factors for abnormal serum Mg levels in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). METHODS: A cross-sectional study in Peking University People's Hospital recorded the demographic information, clinical characteristics, and laboratory data. Data were assessed and compared with the results from 2 other studies in China...
December 14, 2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241210/combination-cyclophosphamide-glucocorticoids-provide-better-tolerability-and-outcomes-versus-glucocorticoids-alone-in-patients-with-sjogren-s-associated-chronic-interstitial-nephritis
#4
Yuqi Shen, Jingyuan Xie, Li Lin, Xiao Li, Pingyan Shen, Xiaoxia Pan, Hong Ren, Nan Chen
BACKGROUND: Steroid therapy has become an effective option for patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome with tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN), while the use of cytotoxic agents is still debated. Our study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes of patients treated with cyclophosphamide (CTX) combined with glucocorticoids with those of patients treated with glucocorticoids alone. METHODS: All patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome with chronic TIN admitted to the Division of Nephrology, Ruijin Hospital, from January 1, 2002, to April 30, 2016, and treated with steroids alone or combined with CTX were included...
December 14, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241167/nutritional-screening-and-clinical-outcome-in-hospitalized-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#5
Azusa Takaoka, Masaya Sasaki, Naoko Nakanishi, Mika Kurihara, Akiko Ohi, Shigeki Bamba, Akira Andoh
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hospitalized patients with Crohn's disease (CD) can develop severe nutritional deficits. However, the nutritional screening tools with the most utility for such patients are still unknown. METHODS: Nutritional status of 40 CD patients was assessed on admission using several screening tools and laboratory tests. Their validity was evaluated in relation to length of hospital stay (LOS) and intestinal resection. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to predict prolonged LOS (≥28 days)...
December 14, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241124/struvite-formation-and-decomposition-characteristics-for-ammonia-and-phosphorus-recovery-a-review-of-magnesium-ammonia-phosphate-interactions
#6
REVIEW
Berrin Tansel, Griffin Lunn, Oscar Monje
Struvite (MgNH4PO4·6H2O) forms in aqueous systems with high ammonia and phosphate concentrations. However, conditions that result into struvite formation are highly dependent on the ionic compositions, temperature, pH, and ion speciation characteristics. The primary ions involved in struvite formation have complex interactions and can form different crystals depending on the ionic levels, pH and temperature. Struvite as well as struvite analogues (with substitution of monovalent cations for NH4+ or divalent cations for Mg2+) as well as other crystals can form simultaneously and result in changes in crystal morphology during crystal growth...
December 5, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241108/the-efficacy-of-posterior-hemivertebra-resection-with-lumbosacral-fixation-and-fusion-in-the-treatment-of-congenital-scoliosis-a-more-than-2-year-follow-up-study
#7
Qiunan Lyu, Bowen Hu, Chunguang Zhou, Limin Liu, Yueming Song, Xi Yang, Liang Wang, Lei Wang
OBJECTIVE: Hemivertebrae (HV) located at the lower lumbar or lumbosacral region often produce early trunk imbalance and long compensatory curves. Because of the biomechanical characteristics of the lumbosacral junction, the rate of instrumentation failures at the region has always been high. Our study aimed to evaluate the results of posterior HV resection with lumbosacral fixation and fusion in the treatment of congenital scoliosis and to make a preliminary analysis of the possible risk factors for instrument failures...
December 9, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241106/differentials-and-trends-in-emergency-department-visits-due-to-alcohol-intoxication-and-co-occurring-conditions-among-students-in-a-u-s-public-university
#8
Duc Anh Ngo, Nassima Ait-Daoud, Saumitra V Rege, Christopher Ding, Lauren Gallion, Susan Davis, Christopher P Holstege
BACKGROUND: Few studies have explored the epidemiology of students presenting to the emergency department (ED) as a consequence of hazardous drinking. This study examined differentials and trends in ED visits following alcohol intoxication and co-occurring conditions among students presenting to a major U.S. university health system. METHODS: The ED electronic medical records from academic years 2010-2015 were queried for student visits and their records were linked to the university's student admission datasets...
December 9, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241090/attachment-style-and-filial-obligation-in-the-burden-of-caregivers-of-dementia-patients
#9
Juwon Lee, Bo Kyung Sohn, Hyunjoo Lee, Su Jeong Seong, Soowon Park, Jun-Young Lee
Insecure attachment styles have been known to predict greater burden in caregivers of dementia patients. However, it has not been tested how filial obligation, which refers to one's sense of duty on helping elderly parents and is especially pronounced in Asian cultures, is involved in that relationship. We sought to identify whether the association between attachment style and caregiver burden differs according to the degree of filial obligation in caregivers of dementia patients. To assess filial obligation in Korean participants, a Korean filial obligation measure was developed...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241061/scfv-modified-graphene-coated-ide-arrays-for-label-free-screening-of-cardiovascular-disease-biomarkers-in-physiological-saline
#10
Lotta E Delle, Vivek Pachauri, Shikha Sharma, Olena Shaforost, Hui Ma, Mohammad Adabi, Rainer Lilischkis, Patrick Wagner, Ronald Thoelen, Norbert Klein, Richard O'Kennedy, Sven Ingebrandt
Fatty-acid binding proteins (FABP) and myeloperoxidases (MPO) are associated with many chronic conditions in humans and considered to be important biomarkers for diagnosis of cardiac diseases. Here we assemble a new electrical biosensor platform based on graphene-coated interdigitated electrode arrays (IDE-arrays) towards ultrafast, label-free screening of heart type-FABP and MPO. Arrays of nanoscale (nanoIDE) and microscale (microIDE) electrode-arrays were fabricated on wafer-scale by combining nanoimprint and photolithography processes...
December 7, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241058/a-novel-robotic-arm-driven-by-sandwich-piezoelectric-transducers
#11
Zheng Jiang, Liang Wang, Jiamei Jin
In this work, a novel robotic arm driven by sandwich piezoelectric transducers is proposed. The proposed robotic arm is composed of three arms and four joints. Each arm consists of a sandwich piezoelectric transducer and an H-shaped hollow frame. The sandwich piezoelectric transducer utilizes frictional force to drive the joints on its both sides to rotate simultaneously. The joint between two arms can be driven to rotate in two perpendicular directions by two sandwich piezoelectric transducers. The rotation of joints results in the arm motion...
December 2, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241056/segmentation-of-arterial-walls-in-intravascular-ultrasound-cross-sectional-images-using-extremal-region-selection
#12
Mehdi Faraji, Irene Cheng, Iris Naudin, Anup Basu
Intravascular Ultrasound (IVUS) is an intra-operative imaging modality that facilitates observing and appraising the vessel wall structure of the human coronary arteries. Segmentation of arterial wall boundaries from the IVUS images is not only crucial for quantitative analysis of the vessel walls and plaque characteristics, but is also necessary for generating 3D reconstructed models of the artery. The aim of this study is twofold. Firstly, we investigate the feasibility of using a recently proposed region detector, namely Extremal Region of Extremum Level (EREL) to delineate the luminal and media-adventitia borders in IVUS frames acquired by 20 MHz probes...
December 6, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241055/ph-dependent-reversible-crystal-transformation-of-1-carboxymethyl-1-methyl-pyrrolidinium-bromides-and-their-spectroscopic-fingerprint
#13
Ya-Yan Tong, Heng Zhang, Liang-Liang Chang, Xiao-Peng Xuan
In this work, two 1-carboxymethyl-1-methyl-pyrrolidinium bromides (N-methylpyrrolidine betaine hydrobromides) with the stoichiometry of betaine:hydrobromic acid as 1:1 and 2:1, denoted as CMPRHBr-I and CMPRHBr-II, respectively, were prepared and crystallographically determined. The large difference in these two structures is the type of hydrogen bonds, resulting in the different thermal stability. A strong OH⋯Br hydrogen bond was observed in CMPRHBr-I, whereas O⋯H⋯O hydrogen bond in CMPRHBr-II. Both these two crystals can mutually transform by changing the pH value of the aqueous solution...
November 28, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241050/cytokine-alterations-in-panic-disorder-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Laiana Azevedo Quagliato, Antonio E Nardi
BACKGROUND: Panic disorder (PD) occurs in 3.4-4.7% of the general population. Although accumulating evidence suggests that some inflammatory processes play a role in the pathophysiology of mental disorders, very few studies have evaluated cytokine levels in patients with PD. The aim of the present study was to systematically review the characteristic cytokine profile of PD patients and discuss some possibilities for future trials on this common and disabling disorder. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was carried out in PubMed and Web of Science databases (search terms: "panic disorder" or "panic attacks" and IL-1, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, IL-13, TNF-alpha and INF-gamma)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241049/prenatal-maternal-mood-patterns-predict-child-temperament-and-adolescent-mental-health
#15
Laura M Glynn, Mariann A Howland, Curt A Sandman, Elysia P Davis, Michael Phelan, Tallie Z Baram, Hal S Stern
BACKGROUND: This study quantifies the dynamics of maternal mood focusing on unpredictability, and to assess if greater unpredictability of prenatal maternal mood predicts child temperament and internalizing symptoms through early adolescence. METHODS: The association between prenatal mood predictability and child internalizing symptoms were assessed in two longitudinal cohorts (N's = 227 and 180). Maternal mood was assessed repeatedly during pregnancy as early as 15 weeks' gestation...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241047/knee-misalignment-and-exercise-amount-predictive-value-for-chronic-low-back-pain-in-young-competitive-athletes
#16
Andreas Rosenhagen, Daniel Niederer, Lutz Vogt, Winfried Banzer
Sports medical examinations of juvenile athletes provide an opportunity for preventive measures against sports-related diseases. Determining the leg axis deviation as a risk factor for future constraints may offer approaches for such measures. Data were obtained from 789 youth athletes: 166 with coronal plane knee misalignment and 623 without. After a seven-year period, 64 participants (m: 33, f: 31) from both groups were reassessed for the incidence of nonspecific chronic low back pain (CLBP). To distinguish participants with increased risk for CLBP, contingency tables for comparison of expected and joint frequency distribution testing and receivers operating characteristic (ROC) analyses for the weekly training time were conducted...
December 11, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241004/intrinsic-size-effect-in-scaffolded-porous-calcium-silicate-particles-and-mechanical-behavior-of-their-self-assembled-ensembles
#17
Sung Hoon Hwang, Rouzbeh Shahsavari
Scaffolded porous submicron particles with well-defined diameter, shape and pore size have profound impacts in drug delivery, bone-tissue replacement, catalysis, sensors, photonic crystals and self-healing materials. However, understanding the interplay between pore size, particle size, and mechanical properties of such ultrafine particles, specially at the level of individual particles and their ensemble states, is a challenge. Herein, we focus on porous calcium-silicate submicron particles with various diameters - as a model system - and perform an extensive 900+ nanoindentations to completely map out their mechanical properties at three distinct structural forms from individual submicron particles to self-assembled ensembles to pressure-induced assembled arrays...
December 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240992/heart-rate-recovery-and-diastolic-blood-pressure-ratio-on-the-treadmill-test-predict-an-induction-and-recurrence-of-vasovagal-syncope
#18
Yu Jeong Choi, Ki-Woon Kang, Sang Hyun Jang, Jae Guk Kim, Soo Joo Lee, Kyung Tea Jung
Background/Aims: The induction and recurrence of syncope is a concerning situation that could be unpredicted in the vasovagal syncope (VVS). We investigated a simple predictor for the induced and recurrent VVS during Head-Up table-tilt Test (HUT) and clinically follow-up. Methods: The 143 consecutive patients with VVS (age 31 ± 19 years, 33 male) who referred by a cardiologist or neurologist and had undergone an echocardiogram, HUT, and a treadmill exercise test (TMT) were recruited and clinically follow-up...
December 18, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240968/monitoring-of-spoilage-associated-microbiota-on-modified-atmosphere-packaged-beef-and-differentiation-of-psychrophilic-and-psychrotrophic-strains
#19
Maik Hilgarth, Jürgen Behr, Rudi F Vogel
AIMS: This study aimed to explore the discriminatory power of MALDI-TOF MS as a high-throughput method to monitor growth dynamics of meat-spoiling bacteria on modified atmosphere packaged (MAP) beef and to differentiate psychrophilic and psychrotrophic spoilage-associated strains. METHODS AND RESULTS: MAP beef steaks were incubated for 21 days at constant 4 and 10 °C. Development of headspace gas composition, pH, CFU and spoilage-associated microbial composition were monitored...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240966/sustainable-carbon-carbon-supercapacitors-operating-down-to-40%C3%A2-c-in-aqueous-electrolyte-made-with-cholinium-salt
#20
Qamar Abbas, François Béguin
Cholinium chloride at a concentration of 5 mol kg-1 in water is proposed as low cost and environmentally friendly aqueous electrolyte enabling to extend the operating range of carbon/carbon supercapacitors (SCs) down to -40°C. This solution exhibits a pH close to neutrality (pH = 6.1) and high conductivity of 88 mS cm-1 at 24°C. The supercapacitors demonstrate a high capacitance of 126 F g-1 (per mass of one electrode) and long life span at voltages up to 1.5 V. At -40°C, the carbon/carbon SCs display excellent electrochemical characteristics featured by slightly reduced capacitance of 106 F g-1 and negligible ohmic losses...
December 14, 2017: ChemSusChem
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