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Biopsychosocial factors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927742/concordance-and-discordance-of-self-rated-and-researcher-measured-successful-aging-subtypes-and-associated-factors
#1
Danan Gu, Qiushi Feng, Jessica M Sautter, Fang Yang, Lei Ma, Zhihong Zhen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate subtypes of successful aging (SA) based on concordance and discordance between self-rated and researcher-defined measures and their associations with demographic, psychosocial, and life satisfaction factors. METHOD: We used multinomial logistic regression models to analyze 2013 cross-sectional survey data from 1,962 persons aged 65 and older in Shanghai that measured self-rated successful aging (SSA) with a single global assessment and researcher-defined successful aging (RSA) with a cumulative deficit index reflecting physical, physiological, cognitive, psychological, and social engagement domains...
December 7, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916884/a-broad-consideration-of-risk-factors-in-pediatric-chronic-pain-where-to-go-from-here
#2
REVIEW
Hannah N McKillop, Gerard A Banez
Pediatric chronic pain is a significant problem associated with substantial functional impairment. A variety of risk factors have been found to be associated with chronic pain in youth. The greatest amount of evidence appears to support that temperament, anxiety, depression, subjective experience of stress, passive coping strategies, sleep problems, other somatic-related problems, and parent and/or family factors are important variables. However, a great deal of this research focuses on a single risk factor or on multiple risk factors in isolation...
November 30, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916394/hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-international-society-for-the-study-of-women-s-sexual-health-isswsh-expert-consensus-panel-review
#3
REVIEW
Irwin Goldstein, Noel N Kim, Anita H Clayton, Leonard R DeRogatis, Annamaria Giraldi, Sharon J Parish, James Pfaus, James A Simon, Sheryl A Kingsberg, Cindy Meston, Stephen M Stahl, Kim Wallen, Roisin Worsley
The objective of the International Society for the Study of Women's Sexual Health expert consensus panel was to develop a concise, clinically relevant, evidence-based review of the epidemiology, physiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD), a sexual dysfunction affecting approximately 10% of adult women. Etiologic factors include conditions or drugs that decrease brain dopamine, melanocortin, oxytocin, and norepinephrine levels and augment brain serotonin, endocannabinoid, prolactin, and opioid levels...
November 30, 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913742/frailty-assessment-in-hospitalized-older-adults-using-the-electronic-health-record
#4
Deborah A Lekan, Debra C Wallace, Thomas P McCoy, Jie Hu, Susan G Silva, Heather E Whitson
INTRODUCTION: Frailty, a clinical syndrome of decreased physiologic reserve and dysregulation in multiple physiologic systems, is associated with increased risk for adverse outcomes. PURPOSE: The aim of this retrospective, cross-sectional, correlational study was to characterize frailty in older adults admitted to a tertiary-care hospital using a biopsychosocial frailty assessment and to determine associations between frailty and time to in-hospital mortality and 30-day rehospitalization...
December 2, 2016: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902569/individual-differences-in-pain-understanding-the-mosaic-that-makes-pain-personal
#5
Roger B Fillingim
The experience of pain is characterized by tremendous inter-individual variability. Multiple biological and psychosocial variables contribute to these individual differences in pain, including demographic variables, genetic factors, and psychosocial processes. For example, sex, age and ethnic group differences in the prevalence of chronic pain conditions have been widely reported. Moreover, these demographic factors have been associated with responses to experimentally-induced pain. Similarly, both genetic and psychosocial factors contribute to clinical and experimental pain responses...
November 24, 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900169/neuromuscular-exercise-and-back-counselling-for-female-nursing-personnel-with-recurrent-non-specific-low-back-pain-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-nurse-rct
#6
Jaana H Suni, Marjo Rinne, Markku Kankaanpää, Annika Taulaniemi, Sirpa Lusa, Harri Lindholm, Jari Parkkari
INTRODUCTION: Nursing personnel have high risk for incidence of low back pain (LBP) followed by development of chronic pain and disability. Multiple risk factors such as patient handling, night shift work and lack of supporting work culture have been identified. In subacute LBP, high-fear avoidance is prognostic for more pain, disability and not returning to work. Lack of leisure-time physical activity predicts long-term sickness absence. The purpose of this study is to compare effectiveness of 6-month neuromuscular exercise and counselling in treating back pain in female nursing personnel with recurrent non-specific LBP pain compared with either (exercise or counselling) alone and a non-treatment control group...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896805/key-elements-of-a-family-intervention-for-schizophrenia-a-qualitative-analysis-of-an-rct
#7
Jaime Grácio, Manuel Gonçalves-Pereira, Julian Leff
Schizophrenia is a complex biopsychosocial condition in which expressed emotion in family members is a robust predictor of relapse. Not surprisingly, family interventions are remarkably effective and thus recommended in current treatment guidelines. Their key elements seem to be common therapeutic factors, followed by education and coping skills training. However, few studies have explored these key elements and the process of the intervention itself. We conducted a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the records from a pioneering family intervention trial addressing expressed emotion, published by Leff and colleagues four decades ago...
November 29, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884006/current-psychosomatic-practice
#8
Giovanni A Fava, Fiammetta Cosci, Nicoletta Sonino
Psychosomatic research has advanced over the past decades in dealing with complex biopsychosocial phenomena and may provide new effective modalities of patient care. Among psychosocial variables affecting individual vulnerability, course, and outcome of any medical disease, the role of chronic stress (allostatic load/overload) has emerged as a crucial factor. Assessment strategies include the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research. They are presented here in an updated version based on insights derived from studies carried out so far and encompass allostatic overload, type A behavior, alexithymia, the spectrum of maladaptive illness behavior, demoralization, irritable mood, and somatic symptoms secondary to a psychiatric disorder...
2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871192/specialised-dental-care-for-children-with-complex-disabilities-focusing-on-child-s-functioning-and-need-for-general-anaesthesia
#9
Johanna Norderyd, Gunilla Klingberg, Denise Faulks, Mats Granlund
PURPOSE: To describe and analyse dental care and treatment modalities for children with complex disabilities from a biopsychosocial perspective, with special focus on dental treatment under general anaesthesia (GA) and its relationship to child's functioning. METHOD: An ICF-CY Checklist for Oral Health was completed using structured interview, direct observations, and dental records for patients attending a specialist paediatric dentistry clinic. Descriptive and comparative data analysis was performed...
November 22, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870757/examining-a-partial-biopsychosocial-model-for-monthly-alcohol-tobacco-and-marijuana-use-among-adolescents
#10
Matthew Lee Smith, Adam E Barry, Ashley L Merianos
Alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana are commonly used substances among adolescents. In the context of the Biopsychosocial Model (BPSM), this study investigated the relationships between psychological and normative factors associated with adolescent alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use. Data were analyzed from 1053 middle and high school students. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the relationships between BPSM constructs. Results indicate that latent constructs of the BPSM are significant antecedent factors to alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use; however, the relationships between study constructs were inconsistent with those theorized by BPSM...
January 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868085/child-trauma-exposure-and-psychopathology-mechanisms-of-risk-and-resilience
#11
Katie A McLaughlin, Hilary K Lambert
Exposure to trauma in childhood is associated with elevated risk for multiple forms of psychopathology. Here we present a biopsychosocial model outlining the mechanisms that link child trauma with psychopathology and protective factors that can mitigate these risk pathways. We focus on four mechanisms of enhanced threat processing: information processing biases that facilitate rapid identification of environmental threats, disruptions in learning mechanisms underlying the acquisition of fear, heightened emotional responses to potential threats, and difficulty disengaging from negative emotional content...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862635/sexual-distress-and-associated-factors-among-cervical-cancer-survivors-a-cross-sectional-multicenter-observational-study
#12
R M Bakker, G G Kenter, C L Creutzberg, A M Stiggelbout, M Derks, W Mingelen, C D Kroon, W M Vermeer, M M Ter Kuile
BACKGROUND: To assess whether sexual distress among cervical cancer (CC) survivors is associated with frequently reported vaginal sexual symptoms, other proposed biopsychosocial factors and whether worries about painful intercourse mediate the relation between vaginal sexual symptoms and sexual distress. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 194 sexually active partnered CC survivors aged 25 to 69 years. Sexual distress, vaginal sexual symptoms, sexual pain worry, anxiety, depression, body image concerns, and relationship dissatisfaction and the sociodemographic variables age, time since treatment, and relationship duration were assessed by using validated self-administrated questionnaires...
November 15, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855093/biopsychosocial-correlates-of-hope-in-asian-patients-with-cancer-a-systematic-review
#13
Rathi Mahendran, Shi Min Chua, Haikel A Lim, Isaac J Yee, Joyce Y S Tan, Ee Heok Kua, Konstadina Griva
OBJECTIVE: To examine the factors associated with hope and hopelessness in patients with cancer in Asian countries, and the instruments used to measure hope and hopelessness. METHORDS: A comprehensive systematic review was conducted with search terms, including cancer, hope, hopelessness and individual Asian country names, on CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO, PubMed and Scopus databases. Only quantitative studies on adult cancer populations in Asia examining hope or hopelessness were included...
October 6, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832374/-mechanisms-of-chronification-and-potential-addiction-in-tumor-pain-comparison-with-non-tumor-pain-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
S Wirz, M Schenk, B Kleinmann, K Kieseritzky
BACKGROUND: Due to advances in oncological therapy options and increasing survival rates, the number of cancer patients with persistant pain, who are in need of analgesic therapy has increased. It has been proven that biopsychosocial mechanisms exist in patients with persistant non-cancer pain leading to chronification. Furthermore, addiction has been identified as a complication of analgesic therapy. OBJECTIVE: Can the multidimensional model of chronic pain enhancement and chronification be used for patients with cancer pain, analogue to patients with non-cancer pain? Can addiction sydromes as a result of analgesic treatment be demonstrated? MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this non-systematic review, a literature search was carried out for somatic and psychosocial chronification mechanisms in patients with cancer pain...
November 10, 2016: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797991/experiences-and-explanations-of-mental-ill-health-in-a-group-of-devout-christians-from-the-ethnic-majority-population-in-secular-sweden-a-qualitative-study
#15
Aina Lilja, Valerie DeMarinis, Arja Lehti, Annika Forssén
OBJECTIVE: To explore existential meaning-making in an ethnic-majority subgroup with mental ill health and to increase knowledge about the importance of gaining access to such information in mental healthcare. DESIGN: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews and systematic text condensation analysis. PARTICIPANTS: 17 devote Christians with an ethnic-Swedish background, 12 women and 5 men, 30-73 years old, from different congregations across Sweden, having sought medical care for mental ill health of any kind...
October 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776607/bio-psycho-social-correlates-of-the-perceived-crowding-in-different-contexts
#16
Rafael Tomás, María Amérigo, Juan A García
BACKGROUND: This paper analyzes the experience of crowding through a biopsychosocial approach to human behavior which empirically joins different dimensions that the literature has analyzed separately. The main aim consists of identifying factors involved in perceived crowding from (a) the emotional response and affective meaning (BIO dimension); (b) the perception of psychological well-being and personality traits (PSYCHO dimension), and (c) sociodemographic characteristics (SOCIO dimension)...
November 2016: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762431/classification-of-headache-disorders-extending-to-a-multiaxial-system
#17
Paul R Martin
This article argues for extending the International Classification of Headache Disorders to include information that goes beyond diagnosis. The obvious model is a multiaxial system as has been developed for other taxonomies. An axis for recording disability and impact on functioning, and an axis for recording the triggers of headache/migraine, are perhaps the strongest contenders for adding to the system, but there are other possibilities such as lifestyle factors relevant to headache. Extensions such as these would contribute to headache management, provide clear targets for change, and encourage adoption of a biopsychosocial perspective...
November 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751738/the-development-and-validation-of-the-ampredict-model-for-predicting-mobility-outcome-after-dysvascular-lower-extremity-amputation
#18
Joseph M Czerniecki, Aaron P Turner, Rhonda M Williams, Mary Lou Thompson, Greg Landry, Kevin Hakimi, Rebecca Speckman, Daniel C Norvell
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was the development of AMPREDICT-Mobility, a tool to predict the probability of independence in either basic or advanced (iBASIC or iADVANCED) mobility 1 year after dysvascular major lower extremity amputation. METHODS: Two prospective cohort studies during consecutive 4-year periods (2005-2009 and 2010-2014) were conducted at seven medical centers. Multiple demographic and biopsychosocial predictors were collected in the periamputation period among individuals undergoing their first major amputation because of complications of peripheral arterial disease or diabetes...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750331/firearm-injury-in-the-united-states-effective-management-must-address-biophysical-and-biopsychosocial-factors
#19
Stephen Hargarten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745556/the-meaning-and-experience-of-well-being-in-dementia-for-psychiatrists-involved-in-diagnostic-disclosure-a-qualitative-study
#20
A Vince, C Clarke, E L Wolverson
BACKGROUND: Literature indicates that people's experiences of receiving a diagnosis of dementia can have a lasting impact on well-being. Psychiatrists frequently lead in communicating a diagnosis but little is known about the factors that could contribute to potential disparities between actual and best practice with regard to diagnostic disclosure. A clearer understanding of psychiatrists' subjective experiences of disclosure is therefore needed to improve adherence to best practice guidelines and ensure that diagnostic disclosure facilitates living well with dementia...
October 17, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
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