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Biopsychosocial factors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776900/the-biopsychosocial-digital-approach-to-health-and-disease-call-for-a-paradigm-expansion
#1
Alireza Ahmadvand, Robert Gatchel, John Brownstein, Lisa Nissen
Digital health is an advancing phenomenon in modern health care systems. Currently, numerous stakeholders in various countries are evaluating the potential benefits of digital health solutions at the individual, population, and/or organizational levels. Additionally, driving factors are being created from the customer-side of the health care systems to push health care providers, policymakers, or researchers to embrace digital health solutions. However, health care providers may differ in their approach to adopt these solutions...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772309/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-obesity-a-review-and-model-of-current-hypotheses-explaining-their-comorbidity
#2
REVIEW
Tomasz Hanć, Samuele Cortese
Available meta-analyses point to a significant association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obesity. The possible mechanisms underlying this relationship are unclear. Here, we overview the studies aimed at identifying the factors contributing to the comorbidity between ADHD and obesity, including genetic factors, fetal programming, executive dysfunctions, psychosocial stress, factors directly related to energy balance, and sleep patterns alterations. The bulk of current research has focused on reduced physical activity and abnormal eating patterns as possible causes of weight gain in individuals with ADHD...
May 14, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768595/-obstacles-to-return-to-work-translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-questionnaire-to-the-brazilian-context
#3
Daniela Milani, Ana Claudia de Souza, Marcio Sussumu Hirayama, Neusa Maria Costa Alexandre
The few existing questionnaires addressing return to work in Brazil are medical and/or psychological and do not examine work environment-related issues. The Obstacles to Return-to-Work Questionnaire (ORTWQ) is multidimensional, including biopsychosocial and environmental factors, and has proven useful in the return to work issue. The scope of this study is to describe the translation and cultural adaptation process of ORTWQ for use in the Brazilian context. It also discusses aspects related to work and the importance for health professionals to identify obstacles to return to work for occupational health vigilance...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758990/the-uncanny-a-biopsychosocial-perspective
#4
Matthew Merced
A biopsychosocial model provides a framework for a contemporary understanding of paranormal phenomena. From this perspective, paranormal beliefs and experiences are best understood by identifying biological, psychological, and sociocultural explanatory factors. Treatment recommendations are provided.
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743938/dysbiotic-drift-and-biopsychosocial-medicine-how-the-microbiome-links-personal-public-and-planetary-health
#5
Susan L Prescott, Ganesa Wegienka, Alan C Logan, David L Katz
The emerging concept of planetary health emphasizes that the health of human civilization is intricately connected to the health of natural systems within the Earth's biosphere; here, we focus on the rapidly progressing microbiome science - the microbiota-mental health research in particular - as a way to illustrate the pathways by which exposure to biodiversity supports health. Microbiome science is illuminating the ways in which stress, socioeconomic disadvantage and social polices interact with lifestyle and behaviour to influence the micro and macro-level biodiversity that otherwise mediates health...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740814/risk-assessment-models-to-predict-caries-recurrence-after-oral-rehabilitation-under-general-anaesthesia-a-pilot-study
#6
Yai-Tin Lin, Ashish Chetan Kalhan, Yng-Tzer Joseph Lin, Tosha Ashish Kalhan, Chein-Chin Chou, Xiao Li Gao, Chin-Ying Stephen Hsu
OBJECTIVES: Oral rehabilitation under general anaesthesia (GA), commonly employed to treat high caries-risk children, has been associated with high economic and individual/family burden, besides high post-GA caries recurrence rates. As there is no caries prediction model available for paediatric GA patients, this study was performed to build caries risk assessment/prediction models using pre-GA data and to explore mid-term prognostic factors for early identification of high-risk children prone to caries relapse post-GA oral rehabilitation...
May 8, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727005/adaption-of-the-biopsychosocial-model-of-chronic-noncancer-pain-in-veterans
#7
Ariel M Baria, Sanjog Pangarkar, Gary Abrams, Christine Miaskowski
Population: Veterans with chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) are a vulnerable population whose care remains a challenge for clinicians, policy-makers, and researchers. As a result of military experience, veterans are exposed to high rates of musculoskeletal injuries, trauma, psychological stressors (e.g., post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, substance abuse), and social factors (e.g., homelessness, social isolation, disability, decreased access to medical care) that contribute to the magnitude and impact of CNCP...
May 2, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724726/eular-recommendations-for-the-health-professional-s-approach-to-pain-management-in-inflammatory-arthritis-and-osteoarthritis
#8
Rinie Geenen, Cécile L Overman, Robin Christensen, Pernilla Åsenlöf, Susana Capela, Karen L Huisinga, Mai Elin P Husebø, Albère J A Köke, Zoe Paskins, Irene A Pitsillidou, Carine Savel, Judith Austin, Afton L Hassett, Guy Severijns, Michaela Stoffer-Marx, Johan W S Vlaeyen, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Sarah J Ryan, Stefan Bergman
Pain is the predominant symptom for people with inflammatory arthritis (IA) and osteoarthritis (OA) mandating the development of evidence-based recommendations for the health professional's approach to pain management. A multidisciplinary task force including professionals and patient representatives conducted a systematic literature review of systematic reviews to evaluate evidence regarding effects on pain of multiple treatment modalities. Overarching principles and recommendations regarding assessment and pain treatment were specified on the basis of reviewed evidence and expert opinion...
June 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723175/early-onset-dementia-in-new-zealand-pacific-boxers-a-case-series
#9
Vahid Payman, Susan Yates, Sarah Cullum
AIM: To describe the biopsychosocial characteristics of a series of Pacific men living in South Auckland with a history of boxing presenting with early onset dementia. We discuss the history of boxing in Pacific people and the possibility of increased risk of early onset dementia in New Zealand Pacific men compared to their European counterparts. METHOD: We reviewed the files of Pacific men with a history of amateur or professional boxing who presented to our memory and older adult mental health services with early onset dementia over a 45-month period...
May 4, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718911/mental-distress-and-perceived-wealth-justice-and-freedom-across-eight-countries-the-invisible-power-of-the-macrosystem
#10
Saskia Scholten, Julia Velten, Jürgen Margraf
Health and well-being have been related to macro-level factors such as income, income inequality or socioeconomic status. With regard to the increasing burden of disease due to mental disorders worldwide, the association between the macrosystem and mental distress should be further explored, too. In this context, the subjective evaluation of the macrosystem might play an important role. In the present exploratory study, we assessed symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress as well as perceived wealth, justice and freedom in population-based surveys in Spain, France, Germany, Poland, Russia, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States of America (n ≈ 1000 per country)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705228/physical-therapists-perceptions-and-experiences-about-barriers-and-facilitators-of-therapeutic-patient-centred-relationships-during-outpatient-rehabilitation-a-qualitative-study
#11
Jaume Morera-Balaguer, José Martín Botella-Rico, Mari Carmen Martínez-González, Francesc Medina-Mirapeix, Óscar Rodríguez-Nogueira
BACKGROUND: Over recent years there has been a paradigm shift towards a patient-centred biopsychosocial care model in physical therapy. This new paradigm features a growing interest in understanding the contextual factors that influence the patient's experience of disease, pain and recovery. This includes generalized consensus regarding the importance of establishing a therapeutic relationship that is centred on the patient. OBJECTIVE: To explore physical therapists' perceptions and experiences regarding barriers and facilitators of therapeutic patient-centred relationships in outpatient rehabilitation settings...
April 18, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697534/development-of-pain-in-older-adults-a-latent-class-analysis-of-biopsychosocial-risk-factors
#12
Aoife O'Neill, Kieran O'Sullivan, Mary O'Keeffe, Ailish Hannigan, Cathal Walsh, Helen Purtill
Pain significantly restricts the quality of life and well-being of older adults. With our increasingly ageing population, it is important to examine whether differing classes of biopsychosocial risk factors can predict the development of pain in older adults. Latent class analysis (LCA) provides a model-based approach to identifying underlying subgroups in a population, based on some measured characteristics. In this study, LCA was used to identify biopsychosocial risk classes in people aged over 50, from The Irish Longitudinal Study on Aging (TILDA), who reported not often being troubled by pain at Wave 1 and completed the two year follow-up at Wave 2 (n=4,458)...
April 23, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683759/factor-structure-of-the-german-version-of-the-pain-attitudes-and-beliefs-scale-for-physiotherapists
#13
Brunner Emanuel, Meichtry André, Kieran O'Sullivan, Se-Sergio Baldew, Dankaerts Wim, Probst Michel
The Pain Attitudes and Beliefs Scale for Physiotherapists (PABS-PT) is a questionnaire that is frequently used to measure the treatment orientation of physiotherapists and other healthcare providers toward low back pain (LBP). Previous validation studies of the PABS-PT have reported consistently that exploratory factor analysis (EFA) yielded a two-factor model with the factors "biomedical" and "biopsychosocial." However, there remain concerns regarding the composition of these two factors and the internal consistency of the "biopsychosocial" factor...
April 23, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683691/veterans-with-recent-substance-use-and-aggression-ptsd-substance-use-and-social-network-behaviors
#14
Minden B Sexton, Alan K Davis, Katherine R Buchholz, Jamie J Winters, Sheila A M Rauch, Maegan Yzquibell, Erin E Bonar, Steven Friday, Stephen T Chermack
OBJECTIVE: Violence is a salient concern among veterans, yet relationships between psychiatric comorbidity, social networks, and aggression are poorly understood. We examined associations between biopsychosocial factors (substance use, posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD], and social network behaviors) with aggression. METHOD: We recruited veterans endorsing past-year aggression and substance use (N = 180) from Department of Veterans Affairs outpatient treatment clinics...
April 23, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683028/the-factors-associated-with-anxiety-symptom-severity-in-older-adults-living-in-nursing-homes-and-other-residential-aged-care-facilities
#15
Alexandra S Creighton, Tanya E Davison, David W Kissane
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the biopsychosocial factors associated with anxiety among a residential aged care sample. METHOD: A total of 178 residents ( M age = 85.4 years, SD = 7.4 years) with mild cognitive impairment or normal cognition participated. Participants completed the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) and a set of measures assessing cognition, depression, self-perceived health, mastery, attachment, perceived social support, social engagement, functional status, the experience of a fall, and other negative life events...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676966/an-alternative-perspective-on-assistive-technology-the-person-environment-tool-pet-model
#16
Gustav Jarl, Lars-Olov Lundqvist
The medical and social models of disability are based on a dichotomy that categorizes people as able-bodied or disabled. In contrast, the biopsychosocial model, which forms the basis for the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), suggests a universalistic perspective on human functioning, encompassing all human beings. In this article we argue that the artificial separation of function-enhancing technology into assistive technology (AT) and mainstream technology might be one of the barriers to a universalistic view of human functioning...
April 20, 2018: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672165/beat-the-street-a-pilot-evaluation-of-a-community-wide-gamification-based-physical-activity-intervention
#17
Marc Ashley Harris
OBJECTIVE: There is a plethora of published research reporting the wealth and breadth of biopsychosocial benefits of physical activity; however, a recent Cochrane systematic review concluded insufficient evidence for current population level physical activity interventions, citing scalability as a major contributory factor, with many of the interventions failing to reach a substantial proportion of the community. The current study aimed to conduct a pilot evaluation of a technology-enabled, gamification-based intervention called Beat the Street and sought to examine the impact of the Beat the Street intervention on self-reported physical activity...
April 19, 2018: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670003/stress-and-alterations-in-the-pain-matrix-a-biopsychosocial-perspective-on-back-pain-and-its-prevention-and-treatment
#18
Pia-Maria Wippert, Christine Wiebking
The genesis of chronic pain is explained by a biopsychosocial model. It hypothesizes an interdependency between environmental and genetic factors provoking aberrant long-term changes in biological and psychological regulatory systems. Physiological effects of psychological and physical stressors may play a crucial role in these maladaptive processes. Specifically, long-term demands on the stress response system may moderate central pain processing and influence descending serotonergic and noradrenergic signals from the brainstem, regulating nociceptive processing at the spinal level...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662961/biopsychosocial-view-to-pseudocyesis-a-narrative-review
#19
REVIEW
Marzieh Azizi, Forouzan Elyasi
Background: Pseudocyesis is a psychopathological clinical syndrome in which a non-pregnant woman firmly believes herself to be pregnant and manifests many symptoms and signs of pregnancy. Although the exact etiology of pseudocyesis has not been determined. Objective: This study was conducted with the aim of assessing the biopsychosocial view to pseudocyesis. Materials and Methods: A comprehensive search in electronic databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, and Scopus was conducted between 1943-2016 to retrieve pseudocyesis related articles...
September 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661136/effects-of-a-community-health-promotion-program-on-social-factors-in-a-vulnerable-older-adult-population-residing-in-social-housing
#20
Gina Agarwal, Madison Brydges
BACKGROUND: Supporting older adults' health and wellbeing in the community is an important policy goal that can be supported by health promotion. Despite widespread acceptance of the biopsychosocial model of health and its relation to health, many health promotion programs fail to realize this model in program design. Further, there is limited evidence to support program design targeting social determinants of health such as social isolation or connectedness. To fill this gap, we aimed to understand older adult's experiences participating in cardiovascular health promotion program in a subsidized residential building to capture unintended 'spin-off' psychosocial effects...
April 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
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