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Biopsychosocial factors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419979/clinical-profile-of-persistent-genito-pelvic-postpartum-pain
#1
Jaclyn Cappell, Caroline F Pukall
OBJECTIVE*: the primary aim was to describe the pain characteristics of persistent genito-pelvic postpartum pain (PPP) and compare these characteristics by mode of delivery. The secondary aim was to incorporate psychosocial variables into the conceptualization of PPP by exploring the relationship among postpartum depressive symptoms, fatigue, and PPP. DESIGN: cross-sectional study design. SETTING: online survey. PARTICIPANTS: 106 women recruited from the community who gave birth within twelve months prior to completing the survey...
April 8, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413219/contemporary-biopsychosocial-exercise-prescription-for-chronic-low-back-pain-questioning-core-stability-programs-and-considering-context
#2
Peter Stilwell, Katherine Harman
This commentary explores the importance of considering the biopsychosocial model and contextual factors when prescribing exercise. Diverse exercise programs for patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) produce similar outcomes, without one specific exercise protocol demonstrating clear superiority. One clear barrier to positive outcomes is poor exercise adherence. We suggest that there are certain common contextual factors present in all exercise prescription scenarios that may impact adherence and health-related outcomes...
March 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405215/the-american-psychosomatic-society-integrating-mind-brain-body-and-social-context-in-medicine-since-1942
#3
REVIEW
Christoph Herrmann-Lingen
BACKGROUND: The American Psychosomatic Society is one of the oldest and probably the most influential scientific society in psychosomatic/biopsychosocial research worldwide. The current article delineates the historical development and current strategic orientation of the society. METHOD: Review of published literature, archived materials and current documents of the society. RESULTS: The American Psychosomatic Society (APS) was founded in 1942, originally named the "American Society for Research in Psychosomatic Problems "...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395068/factors-related-to-not-following-up-with-recommended-testing-in-the-diagnosis-of-newborn-hearing-loss
#4
Wendy Zeitlin, Charles Auerbach, Susan E Mason, Lynn G Spivak, Bena Reiter
Children's hearing is a public health concern, and universal newborn hearing screenings are the first step in detecting and treating congenital hearing loss. Despite the high rate of participation in such programs, loss to follow-up (LTF) with additional recommended diagnosis and treatment has been a persistent problem. The current research seeks to expand the knowledge base at the point of diagnosis, where there is a large drop-off in parents following through with recommended care. This research was organized around the following question: What biopsychosocial factors are associated with LTF between screenings and diagnostic evaluations? A prospective quantitative longitudinal study tracked 203 families whose newborns were referred for additional testing at discharge from the hospital after birth...
February 1, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390442/a-first-step-toward-integrating-schema-theory-in-geriatric-psychiatry-a-delphi-study
#5
M J H Legra, F R J Verhey, S P J van Alphen
BACKGROUND: Schematherapy (ST) is an effective therapy for personality disorders (PD's) in adults, however, empirical research into ST in older adults is limited. The manifestation of schemas over the life course is unclear. Besides, long-term patterns of schemas in old age and whether schemas change during the aging process remain unknown. METHODS: We performed a Delphi study involving a group meeting of nine experts in the field of ST in older adults. RESULTS: Full consensus was achieved that schemas vary later in life, and that this is due to biopsychosocial factors...
April 9, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369434/social-skills-in-youth-with-spina-bifida-a-longitudinal-multimethod-investigation-comparing-biopsychosocial-predictors
#6
Christina E Holbein, James L Peugh, Grayson N Holmbeck
To examine the relative contributions of neuropsychological (attention and executive function), family (cohesion and conflict), and health (body mass index, lesion level, gross motor function) domains on social skills over time in youth with spina bifida (SB). In all, 140 youth with SB (T1 mean age = 11.43 years) and their families participated in the study at baseline with an additional visit 2 years later. Study variables were assessed with multiple methods (questionnaire, medical chart review, observation, neuropsychological tests) and reporters (parents, teachers)...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347691/workers-perspectives-on-return-to-work-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#7
Pascale Maillette, Marie-France Coutu, Nathaly Gaudreault
OBJECTIVES: Total knee arthroplasty is an effective intervention for people with osteoarthritis. However, 15 to 30% of patients do not return to work, and studies frequently fail to provide an explanation of what may lead to work disability from workers' perspectives of the biopsychosocial factors. This study aimed to document workers' representations or understanding of work disability after total knee arthroplasty. METHOD: We adopted a qualitative approach with a narrative inquiry method...
March 24, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302034/co-morbid-erectile-dysfunction-ed-and-antidepressant-treatment-in-a-patient-a-management-challenge
#8
Maszaidi Zainol, Hatta Sidi, Jaya Kumar, Srijit Das, Shaiful Ismail, Muhammad Hizri Hatta, Najwa Baharudin, Arun Ravindran
Across the globe, antidepressants (AD) and phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE-5i) are commonly prescribed psychopharmacological agents for patients with co-morbid mental-health problem and sexual dysfunction (SD). The serotonergic and/or noradrenergic ADs, although is an effective agent are not without SD side-effects, especially erectile dysfunction (ED). ED is an inability to achieve, or maintain an erection for satisfactory sexual intercourse during the phases of male's sexual arousal. It is recognized as an important reason why non-adherence to treatment was observed in patients who are on AD...
March 15, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285579/biopsychosocial-predictors-of-fall-events-among-older-african-americans
#9
Emily Joy Nicklett, Robert Joseph Taylor, Ola Rostant, Kimson E Johnson, Linnea Evans
This study identifies risk and protective factors for falls among older, community-dwelling African Americans. Drawing upon the biopsychosocial perspective, we conducted a series of sex- and age-adjusted multinomial logistic regression analyses to identify the correlates of fall events among older African Americans. Our sample consisted of 1,442 community-dwelling African Americans aged 65 and older, participating in the 2010-2012 rounds of the Health and Retirement Study. Biophysical characteristics associated with greater relative risk of experiencing single and/or multiple falls included greater functional limitations, poorer self-rated health, poorer self-rated vision, chronic illnesses (high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, lung disease, heart problems, stroke, and arthritis), greater chronic illness comorbidity, older age, and female sex...
April 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283812/behavioral-treatments-for-post-traumatic-headache
#10
REVIEW
Felicia Fraser, Yuka Matsuzawa, Yuen Shan Christine Lee, Mia Minen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Post-traumatic headache (PTH) is a common headache type after traumatic brain injury (TBI). There are no FDA approved medications for PTH, and it is unknown how medications can affect the brain's ability to recover from TBI. Thus, we sought to examine the biopsychosocial factors that influence PTH and the non-pharmacologic treatments studied for headache treatment. We also sought to determine if there is literature examining whether the non-pharmacologic treatments influence the biopsychosocial factors...
May 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271965/application-of-salutogenic-concept-in-social-work-with-diabetic-patients
#11
Alena Voseckova, Zuzana Truhlarova, Jana Levicka, Blanka Klimova, Kamil Kuca
In the context of salutogenesis, coping with diabetes is perceived as a dynamic process of changes in all aspects of biopsychosocial model of health/disease. Understanding of salutoprotective factors allows for estimation of client's extent of vulnerability and ability to cope with the disease. The objective of the study is to assess selected salutoprotective factors in diabetic clients (SOC-type hardiness, well-being-subjective feelings and states scale [SUPOS], perceived social support scale [PSSS]). Low values of SOC, PSSS, and SUPOS suggest an increased need in psychosocial care...
April 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271080/how-do-orthopaedic-surgeons-address-psychological-aspects-of-illness
#12
Ana Maria Vranceanu, Reinier B Beks, Thierry G Guitton, Stein J Janssen, David Ring
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic surgeons have a pivotal role in transitioning the care of orthopedic patients from a biomedical to a biopsychosocial model. In an effort to foster this transition, we designed a study aimed to determine surgeons' attitudes and practice of noticing, screening, discussing psychological illness with patients, as well as making referrals to address psychosocial issues in patients in need. Additionally, we asked surgeons to rank order potential barriers to and reasons for referrals to psychosocial treatment...
January 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270343/comprehensive-neuropsychological-evaluation-of-children-and-adolescents-with-sickle-cell-anemia-a-hospital-based-sample
#13
Samantha Nunes, Nayara Argollo, Marivania Mota, Camilo Vieira, Eduardo Pondé de Sena
BACKGROUND: Individuals with sickle cell anemia may suffer symptomatic or silent cerebral infarcts leading to neurocognitive complications. This study investigated the cognitive and intellectual performance of children and adolescents with sickle cell anemia. METHODS: The socioeconomic status, clinical aspects and behavioral profile of 15 young individuals with sickle cell anemia were evaluated. The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, the Developmental Neuropsychological Assessment Test, and the Child Behavior Checklist were applied...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262266/ptsd-in-court-ii-risk-factors-endophenotypes-and-biological-underpinnings-in-ptsd
#14
REVIEW
Gerald Young
The second article in the series of three for the journal on "PTSD in Court" especially concerns the biological bases that have been found to be associated with PTSD (posttraumatic stress disorder). The cohering concepts in this section relate to risk factors; candidate genes; polygenetics; "gene×environment" interactions; epigenetics; endophenotypes; biomarkers; and connective networks both structurally and functionally (in terms of intrinsic connectivity networks, ICNs, including the DMN, SN, and CEN; that is, default mode, salience, and central executive networks, respectively)...
March 2, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238460/-irritable-bowel-syndrome-with-constipation-and-functional-constipation-in-adults-treatment-part-2-of-2
#15
F Mearin, C Ciriza, M Mínguez, E Rey, J J Mascort, E Peña, P Cañones, J Júdez
In this Clinical practice guide we examine the diagnostic and therapeutic management of adult patients with constipation and abdominal discomfort, at the confluence of the spectrum of irritable bowel syndrome and functional constipation. Both fall within the framework of functional intestinal disorders and have major personal, health and social impact, altering the quality of life of the patients affected. The former is a subtype of irritable bowel syndrome in which constipation and altered bowel habit predominate, often along with recurring abdominal pain, bloating and abdominal distension...
February 23, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237073/predictors-of-outcomes-after-rotator-cuff-repair-a-meta-analysis
#16
Jayaprakash Raman, David Walton, Joy C MacDermid, George S Athwal
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. INTRODUCTION: Clinical outcomes associated with rotator cuff repair (RCR) are generally favorable, but no study has attempted to establish a set of predictors that affect outcomes. PURPOSE OF STUDY: This study aims to statistically analyze articles and establish a set of predictors that affect outcomes after RCR. METHODS: An electronic literature search of multiple databases was conducted to identify studies that addressed prognosis after RCR...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231595/-subjective-aspects-of-return-to-work-and-social-reintegration-in-patients-with-extensive-work-related-problems-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-results-of-a-qualitative-investigation
#17
C Schulz-Behrendt, A Salzwedel, S Rabe, K Ortmann, H Völler
This study investigated subjective biopsychosocial effects of coronary heart disease (CHD), coping strategies and social support in patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and having extensive work-related problems. A qualitative investigation was performed in 17 patients (48.9±7.0 y, 13 male) with extensive work-related problems (SIMBO-C>30). All patients were interviewed with structured surveys. Data analysis was performed using a software that is based on the content analysis approach of Mayring...
February 23, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229495/adolescent-daytime-sleepiness-as-a-risk-factor-for-adult-crime
#18
Adrian Raine, Peter H Venables
BACKGROUND: While recent cross-sectional research has documented a relationship between sleep problems and antisocial behavior, the longitudinal nature of this relationship is unknown. This study tests both the hypothesis that adolescent daytime sleepiness is associated with later adult criminal offending, and also tests a biopsychosocial mediation model in which social adversity predisposes to sleepiness, which in turn predisposes to attentional impairment, and to adult crime. METHODS: Schoolboys aged 15 years rated themselves on self-report sleepiness...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219814/biopsychosocial-pathways-linking-subjective-socioeconomic-disadvantage-to-glycemic-control-in-youths-with-type-i-diabetes
#19
Samuele Zilioli, Deborah A Ellis, Justin M Carré, Richard B Slatcher
Older adolescent and young adults (OAYA) with type 1 diabetes (T1D) living in contexts of socio-economic disadvantage (SED) suffer disproportionately from poor glycemic control and related health complications. Although SED may convey a variety of risks, it may exacerbate diabetes-related stress levels, which in turn may account for observed disparities in health outcomes. The primary goal of the present study was to investigate the relationship between subjective SED, diabetes-related perceived stress, and diurnal cortisol secretion in urban OAYA with T1D...
April 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207969/multiple-factors-explain-injury-risk-in-adolescent-elite-athletes-applying-a-biopsychosocial-perspective
#20
P von Rosen, A Frohm, A Kottorp, C Fridén, A Heijne
Many risk factors for injury are presented in the literature, few of those are however consistent and the majority is associated with adult and not adolescent elite athletes. The aim was to identify risk factors for injury in adolescent elite athletes, by applying a biopsychosocial approach. A total of 496 adolescent elite athletes (age range 15-19), participating in 16 different sports, were monitored repeatedly over 52 weeks using a valid questionnaire about injuries, training exposure, sleep, stress, nutrition, and competence-based self-esteem...
February 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
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