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Biopsychosocial factors

Paul R Martin
This article argues for extending the International Classification of Headache Disorders to include information that goes beyond diagnosis. The obvious model is a multiaxial system as has been developed for other taxonomies. An axis for recording disability and impact on functioning, and an axis for recording the triggers of headache/migraine, are perhaps the strongest contenders for adding to the system, but there are other possibilities such as lifestyle factors relevant to headache. Extensions such as these would contribute to headache management, provide clear targets for change, and encourage adoption of a biopsychosocial perspective...
October 20, 2016: Headache
Joseph M Czerniecki, Aaron P Turner, Rhonda M Williams, Mary Lou Thompson, Greg Landry, Kevin Hakimi, Rebecca Speckman, Daniel C Norvell
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was the development of AMPREDICT-Mobility, a tool to predict the probability of independence in either basic or advanced (iBASIC or iADVANCED) mobility 1 year after dysvascular major lower extremity amputation. METHODS: Two prospective cohort studies during consecutive 4-year periods (2005-2009 and 2010-2014) were conducted at seven medical centers. Multiple demographic and biopsychosocial predictors were collected in the periamputation period among individuals undergoing their first major amputation because of complications of peripheral arterial disease or diabetes...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Stephen Hargarten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
A Vince, C Clarke, E L Wolverson
BACKGROUND: Literature indicates that people's experiences of receiving a diagnosis of dementia can have a lasting impact on well-being. Psychiatrists frequently lead in communicating a diagnosis but little is known about the factors that could contribute to potential disparities between actual and best practice with regard to diagnostic disclosure. A clearer understanding of psychiatrists' subjective experiences of disclosure is therefore needed to improve adherence to best practice guidelines and ensure that diagnostic disclosure facilitates living well with dementia...
October 17, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Ethel M Brinda, Anto P Rajkumar, Jǿrn Attermann, Ulf G Gerdtham, Ulrika Enemark, Kuruthukulangara S Jacob
OBJECTIVE: Although depression among older people is an important public health problem worldwide, systematic studies evaluating its prevalence and determinants in low and middle income countries (LMICs) are sparse. The biopsychosocial model of depression and prevailing socioeconomic hardships for older people in LMICs have provided the impetus to determine the prevalence of geriatric depression; to study its associations with health, social, and economic variables; and to investigate socioeconomic inequalities in depression prevalence in LMICs...
July 25, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Paula Borba Rodrigues, Carla Fonseca Zambaldi, Amaury Cantilino, Everton Botelho Sougey
Introduction: Approximately 22% of all pregnant women are classified as having high-risk pregnancies, which may involve feelings of vulnerability because of having a high-risk pregnancy, resulting in greater exposure to stressful feelings. Objective: To review aspects of high-risk pregnancy that can have a negative impact on the these women's mental health status. Method: Original articles were identified by conducting searches of the PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS and SciELO databases, followed by a manual search of references to select articles and additional bibliographic material...
July 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
Hui Foh Foong, Tengku Aizan Hamid, Rahimah Ibrahim, Sharifah Azizah Haron, Suzana Shahar
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the predictors of elderly's cognitive function based on biopsychosocial and cognitive reserve perspectives. METHOD: The study included 2322 community-dwelling elderly in Malaysia, randomly selected through a multi-stage proportional cluster random sampling from Peninsular Malaysia. The elderly were surveyed on socio-demographic information, biomarkers, psychosocial status, disability, and cognitive function. A biopsychosocial model of cognitive function was developed to test variables' predictive power on cognitive function...
October 12, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
G Nielsen
Physical interventions are widely considered an important part of treatment of functional neurologic disorders (FNDs). The evidence base for physical interventions has been limited to a collection of case series, but the recent publication of several large cohort studies and a randomized controlled trial have provided stronger evidence to support its use. While the evidence for efficacy appears to be promising, details on how this should be delivered remain limited, perhaps due to the dominance of psychologically focused etiologic models...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Maite Barrios, Georgina Guilera, Melissa Selb, Juana Gómez-Benito
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to identify aspects of functioning and related environmental factors that are relevant to schizophrenia from the perspective of health professionals experienced in treating individuals with this disorder using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). METHOD: An international pool of experts from diverse health care disciplines was surveyed to identify problems in functioning experienced by individuals with schizophrenia and the environmental factors that impact their functioning...
October 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Per Koren Solvang, Marit Fougner
The patient's active participation in treatment and rehabilitation represents a cultural change in clinical practice as well as a major change in physiotherapist and patient roles. This article presents findings from a study aimed at gaining a better understanding of how physiotherapists in actual practice understand their interactions with patients during the treatment process. This article reports on the findings from focus-group interviews with physiotherapists working in three different settings. Analyses of the interview data identified three modes of physiotherapy practice...
October 6, 2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Jin Suk Ra, Yoon Hee Cho
This study examined psychosocial factors influencing smoking intention in Korean male middle school students. We used a descriptive cross-sectional design, based on the biopsychosocial model, to analyze data from 309 male adolescents aged 14-16 years in middle school. Of the psychological factors examined, stress and risk-taking tendency were significantly associated with smoking intention. Of the social factors examined, social normative beliefs, close friends' and siblings' smoking, and low socioeconomic status were significant factors in smoking intention...
October 3, 2016: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Rebecca C Knibb, Aaron Cortes, Christopher Barnes, Carol Stalker
Background. The Scale for Psychosocial Factors in Food Allergy (SPS-FA) is based on the biopsychosocial model of health and was developed and validated in Chile to measure the interaction between psychological variables and allergy symptoms in the child. We sought to validate this scale in an English speaking population and explore its relationship with parental quality of life, self-efficacy, and mental health. Methods. Parents (n = 434) from the general population in the UK, who had a child with a clinical diagnosis of food allergy, completed the SPS-FA and validated scales on food allergy specific parental quality of life (QoL), parental self-efficacy, and general mental health...
2016: Journal of Allergy
Marie Crowe, Lisa Whitehead, Philippa Seaton, Jennifer Jordan, Catherine Mccall, Virginia Maskill, Henrietta Trip
AIM: To synthesise qualitative descriptions of the experience of chronic pain across conditions. BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a transdiagnostic symptom in that while somatic pathology plays a role in activating pain pathways, psychological and social factors contribute to the experience of pain over time. The treatment of the underlying condition may require both bio-medical intervention and biopsychosocial approaches. DESIGN: Qualitative meta-synthesis using Confidence in the Evidence from Reviews of Qualitative Research (CERQual) developed by Grading of Recommendations Assessment Development and Evaluation (GRADE) working group to evaluate the strength of the evidence...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
M Parkinson, S M Carr, R Rushmer, C Abley
INTRODUCTION: Advances in longevity and medicine mean that many more people in the UK survive life-threatening diseases but are instead susceptible to life-limiting diseases such as dementia. Within the next 10 years those affected by dementia in the UK is set to rise to over 1 million, making reliance on family care of people with dementia (PWD) essential. A central challenge is how to improve family carer support to offset the demands made by dementia care which can jeopardise carers' own health...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Public Health
François Luthi, Adrian Wolfensberger, Philippe Vuistiner, Michel Konzelmann, Chantal Plomb-Holmes, Bertrand Leger
OBJECTIVE: Multiple factors are affecting outcomes after shoulder injuries and there is no general consensus on which are the most decisive. The research questions were: (1) In patients with chronic shoulder pain, what are the psychosocial and biological factors associated with patient-reported outcome measures? (2) What are the psychosocial and biological factors associated with clinician-rated outcome measures? MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we collected the following biopsychosocial factors: biological (shoulder diagnosis category, Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS), Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and INTERMED biological subscale), psychological (psychiatric comorbidity, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS), Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK), and INTERMED psychological subscale) and Social (Native Language, educational level, professional qualification, and INTERMED social subscale)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
C B Murray, K Zebracki, K M Chlan, A C Moss, L C Vogel
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to determine medical and psychological correlates of pain in individuals with pediatric-onset spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Shriners Hospitals for Children-Chicago, Philadelphia and Northern California (USA). METHODS: A total of 187 adults who had sustained an injury before 19 years of age completed interviews that included medical information, standardized measures of psychological functioning (Beck Anxiety Inventory and Patient Health Questionnaire) and a comprehensive pain questionnaire to assess the location, frequency, intensity and duration of pain and distress and disability related to pain...
September 27, 2016: Spinal Cord
Juyoung Park, David Newman, Ruth McCaffrey, Jacinto J Garrido, Mary Lou Riccio, Patricia Liehr
Chair yoga (CY), a mind-body therapy, is a safe nonpharmacological approach for managing osteoarthritis (OA) in older adults who cannot participate in standing exercise. However, there is no linguistically tailored CY program for those with limited English Proficiency (LEP). This two-arm randomized controlled trial compared the effects of a linguistically tailored yoga program (English and Spanish versions) on the outcomes of pain, physical function, and psychosocial factors compared to the effects of a linguistically tailored Health Education Program (HEP; English and Spanish versions)...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
Janet M Liechty, Xuan Bi, Annie Qu
BACKGROUND: Bias in adolescent self-reported height and weight is well documented. Given the importance and widespread use of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) data for obesity research, we developed and tested the feasibility and validity of an empirically derived statistical correction for self-report bias in wave 1 (W1) of Add Health, a large panel study in the United States. METHODS: Participants in grades 7-12 with complete height and weight data at W1 were included (n = 20,175)...
2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Michael A Perelman
The Sexual Tipping Point(®) (STP) model is an integrated approach to the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of men with delayed ejaculation (DE), including all subtypes manifesting ejaculatory delay or absence [registered trademark owned by the MAP Educational Fund, a 501(c)(3) public charity]. A single pathogenetic pathway does not exist for sexual disorders generally and that is also true for DE specifically. Men with DE have various bio-psychosocial-behavioral & cultural predisposing, precipitating, maintaining, and contextual factors which trigger, reinforce, or worsen the probability of DE occurring...
August 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
Catherine M Herba, Vivette Glover, Paul G Ramchandani, Marta B Rondon
Studies examining mechanisms underlying associations between maternal depression and adverse child outcomes (including behaviour, socioemotional adjustment, and emotion regulation) indicate that during pregnancy, maternal depression could affect child outcomes through altered placental function, epigenetic changes in the child, and stress reactivity. Infection and dietary deficiencies in the mother and the child, together with the child's genetic vulnerability, might also affect outcome. Postnatally, associations between maternal depression and child outcome are influenced by altered mother-child interactions, sociodemographic or environmental influences, and social support...
October 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
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