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Biopsychosocial factors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104541/does-the-biopsychosocial-spiritual-model-of-addiction-apply-in-an-islamic-context-a-qualitative-study-of-jordanian-addicts-in-treatment
#1
Hamad Al Ghaferi, Christine Bond, Catriona Matheson
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of research in the published literature on substance use and addiction in the Middle East and Islamic countries. This study was the first to explore whether the biopsychosocial-spiritual model of addiction was relevant to an addicted treatment population in Jordan, an Islamic country. METHODS: A qualitative study design using semi-structured, face-to-face interviews were conducted with a sample of 25 males in addiction treatment. The sample was drawn from a cohort of in-patients at a treatment centre in Amman, Jordan who had already participated in a quantitative survey...
November 23, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091431/determinants-of-quality-of-life-among-community-dwelling-persons-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-path-analysis
#2
End Ekechukwu, J O Ikrechero, A O Ezeukwu, A V Egwuonwu, L Umar, U M Badaru
CONTEXT: Recent advancement in technology and medical care has resulted in an increase not only in disability arising from spinal cord injury (SCI) but also its attendant challenges such as poor quality of life (QoL). AIM: To test a theoretical model of predictors of QoL among persons with SCI. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Study was conducted in the South Eastern Nigeria. A longitudinal study design was employed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 64 persons with SCI discharged from in-hospital admission participated in this study...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086853/taking-action-to-reduce-pain-action-study-rationale-design-and-protocol-of-a-randomized-trial-of-a-proactive-telephone-based-coaching-intervention-for-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-among-african-americans
#3
Rozina H Bhimani, Lee J S Cross, Brent C Taylor, Laura A Meis, Steven S Fu, Kelli D Allen, Sarah L Krein, Tam Do, Robert D Kerns, Diana J Burgess
BACKGROUND: Rates of chronic pain are rising sharply in the United States and worldwide. Presently, there is evidence of racial disparities in pain treatment and treatment outcomes in the United States but few interventions designed to address these disparities. There is growing consensus that chronic musculoskeletal pain is best addressed by a biopsychosocial approach that acknowledges the role of psychological and environmental factors, some of which differ by race. METHODS/DESIGN: The primary aim of this randomized controlled trial is to test the effectiveness of a non-pharmacological, self-regulatory intervention, administered proactively by telephone, at improving pain outcomes and increasing walking among African American patients with hip, back and knee pain...
January 13, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059025/a-multi-group-confirmatory-factor-analyses-of-the-lupuspro-between-southern-california-and-filipino-samples-of-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#4
D R Azizoddin, R Olmstead, C Cost, M Jolly, J Ayeroff, G Racaza, L A Sumner, S Ormseth, M Weisman, P M Nicassio
Introduction Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) leads to a range of biopsychosocial health outcomes through an unpredictable and complex disease path. The LupusPRO is a comprehensive, self-report measure developed specifically for populations with SLE, which assesses both health-related quality of life and non-health related quality of life. Given its increasingly widespread use, additional research is needed to evaluate the psychometric integrity of the LupusPRO across diverse populations. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the performance of the LupusPRO in two divergent patient samples and the model fit between both samples...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058225/psychological-perspective-of-medication-adherence-in-transplantation
#5
Concetta De Pasquale, Massimiliano Veroux, Michele Fornaro, Nunzia Sinagra, Giusi Basile, Cecilia Gozzo, Roberta Santini, Alessandra Costa, Maria Luisa Pistorio
AIM: To identify the risk factors and the post-transplant psychological symptoms that affect adherence to therapy in a population of kidney transplant recipients. METHODS: The study examined the psychological variables likely responsible for the non-adherent behavior using a psychological-psychiatric assessment, evaluation of the perception of patients' health status, and an interview regarding the anti-rejection drug therapy assumption. The study included 74 kidney transplant recipients...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032412/grip-on-health-a-complex-systems-approach-to-transform-health-care
#6
Herman A van Wietmarschen, Heleen M Wortelboer, Jan van der Greef
This article addresses the urgent need for a transition in health care to deal with the increasing prevalence of chronic diseases and associated rapid rise of health care costs. Chronic diseases evolve and are predominantly related to lifestyle and environment. A shift is needed from a reductionist repair mode of thinking, toward a more integrated biopsychosocial way of thinking about health. The aim of this article is to discuss the opportunities that complexity science offer for transforming health care toward optimal treatment and prevention of chronic lifestyle diseases...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018353/embracing-complexity-beyond-systems-medicine-a-new-approach-to-chronic-immune-disorders
#7
Anje A Te Velde, Tjitske Bezema, Antoine H C van Kampen, Aletta D Kraneveld, Bert A 't Hart, Henriët van Middendorp, Erik C Hack, Joris M van Montfrans, Clara Belzer, Lilian Jans-Beken, Raymond H Pieters, Karen Knipping, Machteld Huber, Annemieke M H Boots, Johan Garssen, Tim R Radstake, Andrea W M Evers, Berent J Prakken, Irma Joosten
In order to combat chronic immune disorders (CIDs), it is an absolute necessity to understand the bigger picture, one that goes beyond insights at a one-disease, molecular, cellular, and static level. To unravel this bigger picture we advocate an integral, cross-disciplinary approach capable of embracing the complexity of the field. This paper discusses the current knowledge on common pathways in CIDs including general psychosocial and lifestyle factors associated with immune functioning. We demonstrate the lack of more in-depth psychosocial and lifestyle factors in current research cohorts and most importantly the need for an all-encompassing analysis of these factors...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989329/nonpharmacologic-treatment-of-pain
#8
REVIEW
Anna Monica Agoston, Christine B Sieberg
Pain is a complex biopsychosocial experience that is influenced by neurological processes and psychosocial factors. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials of psychological interventions have demonstrated evidence for psychological approaches in treating procedural pain and multiple types of chronic pain, including headaches, abdominal pain, and musculoskeletal pain. This article is directed toward clinicians and would provide an overview of cognitive-behavioral therapy, including specific cognitive-behavioral techniques for pediatric pain...
August 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964797/the-role-of-psychological-factors-in-inflammatory-rheumatic-diseases-from-burden-to-tailored-treatment
#9
REVIEW
Henriët van Middendorp, Andrea W M Evers
Inflammatory rheumatic diseases have a long-lasting effect on patients' physical and psychological functioning, for instance, due to disabling symptoms and unpredictable disease course. Consequently, many patients show adjustment problems such as depressed mood, which in turn can negatively influence their disease outcome. Specific biopsychosocial factors have shown to affect this outcome. For example, daily stress, cognitive-behavioral risk factors such as pain catastrophizing and avoidance, and resilience factors such as optimism and social support influence the quality of life, physical symptoms of pain and fatigue, and inflammatory markers...
October 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956044/associations-between-childhood-cognition-and-cardiovascular-events-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Kathleen G Dobson, Cheryl H T Chow, Katherine M Morrison, Ryan J Van Lieshout
BACKGROUND: The success of behavioural interventions to optimize cardiovascular health is dependent on adequate cognitive functioning beginning in early life. In this study we aimed to systematically review studies that examined associations between childhood cognition and cardiovascular disease (CVD) events in adulthood. METHODS: This study followed the Meta-analysis Of Observational Studies in Epidemiology guidelines to systematically examine associations between childhood cognition and adult CVD, coronary heart disease, and stroke hospitalization or mortality events...
August 30, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927742/concordance-and-discordance-of-self-rated-and-researcher-measured-successful-aging-subtypes-and-associated-factors
#11
Danan Gu, Qiushi Feng, Jessica M Sautter, Fang Yang, Lei Ma, Zhihong Zhen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate subtypes of successful aging (SA) based on concordance and discordance between self-rated and researcher-defined measures and their associations with demographic, psychosocial, and life satisfaction factors. METHOD: We used multinomial logistic regression models to analyze 2013 cross-sectional survey data from 1,962 persons aged 65 and older in Shanghai that measured self-rated successful aging (SSA) with a single global assessment and researcher-defined successful aging (RSA) with a cumulative deficit index reflecting physical, physiological, cognitive, psychological, and social engagement domains...
December 7, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916884/a-broad-consideration-of-risk-factors-in-pediatric-chronic-pain-where-to-go-from-here
#12
REVIEW
Hannah N McKillop, Gerard A Banez
Pediatric chronic pain is a significant problem associated with substantial functional impairment. A variety of risk factors have been found to be associated with chronic pain in youth. The greatest amount of evidence appears to support that temperament, anxiety, depression, subjective experience of stress, passive coping strategies, sleep problems, other somatic-related problems, and parent and/or family factors are important variables. However, a great deal of this research focuses on a single risk factor or on multiple risk factors in isolation...
November 30, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916394/hypoactive-sexual-desire-disorder-international-society-for-the-study-of-women-s-sexual-health-isswsh-expert-consensus-panel-review
#13
REVIEW
Irwin Goldstein, Noel N Kim, Anita H Clayton, Leonard R DeRogatis, Annamaria Giraldi, Sharon J Parish, James Pfaus, James A Simon, Sheryl A Kingsberg, Cindy Meston, Stephen M Stahl, Kim Wallen, Roisin Worsley
The objective of the International Society for the Study of Women's Sexual Health expert consensus panel was to develop a concise, clinically relevant, evidence-based review of the epidemiology, physiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD), a sexual dysfunction affecting approximately 10% of adult women. Etiologic factors include conditions or drugs that decrease brain dopamine, melanocortin, oxytocin, and norepinephrine levels and augment brain serotonin, endocannabinoid, prolactin, and opioid levels...
January 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913742/frailty-assessment-in-hospitalized-older-adults-using-the-electronic-health-record
#14
Deborah A Lekan, Debra C Wallace, Thomas P McCoy, Jie Hu, Susan G Silva, Heather E Whitson
INTRODUCTION: Frailty, a clinical syndrome of decreased physiologic reserve and dysregulation in multiple physiologic systems, is associated with increased risk for adverse outcomes. PURPOSE: The aim of this retrospective, cross-sectional, correlational study was to characterize frailty in older adults admitted to a tertiary-care hospital using a biopsychosocial frailty assessment and to determine associations between frailty and time to in-hospital mortality and 30-day rehospitalization...
December 2, 2016: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902569/individual-differences-in-pain-understanding-the-mosaic-that-makes-pain-personal
#15
Roger B Fillingim
The experience of pain is characterized by tremendous inter-individual variability. Multiple biological and psychosocial variables contribute to these individual differences in pain, including demographic variables, genetic factors, and psychosocial processes. For example, sex, age and ethnic group differences in the prevalence of chronic pain conditions have been widely reported. Moreover, these demographic factors have been associated with responses to experimentally-induced pain. Similarly, both genetic and psychosocial factors contribute to clinical and experimental pain responses...
November 24, 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900169/neuromuscular-exercise-and-back-counselling-for-female-nursing-personnel-with-recurrent-non-specific-low-back-pain-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-nurse-rct
#16
Jaana H Suni, Marjo Rinne, Markku Kankaanpää, Annika Taulaniemi, Sirpa Lusa, Harri Lindholm, Jari Parkkari
INTRODUCTION: Nursing personnel have high risk for incidence of low back pain (LBP) followed by development of chronic pain and disability. Multiple risk factors such as patient handling, night shift work and lack of supporting work culture have been identified. In subacute LBP, high-fear avoidance is prognostic for more pain, disability and not returning to work. Lack of leisure-time physical activity predicts long-term sickness absence. The purpose of this study is to compare effectiveness of 6-month neuromuscular exercise and counselling in treating back pain in female nursing personnel with recurrent non-specific LBP pain compared with either (exercise or counselling) alone and a non-treatment control group...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896805/key-elements-of-a-family-intervention-for-schizophrenia-a-qualitative-analysis-of-an-rct
#17
Jaime Grácio, Manuel Gonçalves-Pereira, Julian Leff
Schizophrenia is a complex biopsychosocial condition in which expressed emotion in family members is a robust predictor of relapse. Not surprisingly, family interventions are remarkably effective and thus recommended in current treatment guidelines. Their key elements seem to be common therapeutic factors, followed by education and coping skills training. However, few studies have explored these key elements and the process of the intervention itself. We conducted a qualitative and quantitative analysis of the records from a pioneering family intervention trial addressing expressed emotion, published by Leff and colleagues four decades ago...
November 29, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884006/current-psychosomatic-practice
#18
Giovanni A Fava, Fiammetta Cosci, Nicoletta Sonino
Psychosomatic research has advanced over the past decades in dealing with complex biopsychosocial phenomena and may provide new effective modalities of patient care. Among psychosocial variables affecting individual vulnerability, course, and outcome of any medical disease, the role of chronic stress (allostatic load/overload) has emerged as a crucial factor. Assessment strategies include the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research. They are presented here in an updated version based on insights derived from studies carried out so far and encompass allostatic overload, type A behavior, alexithymia, the spectrum of maladaptive illness behavior, demoralization, irritable mood, and somatic symptoms secondary to a psychiatric disorder...
2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871192/specialised-dental-care-for-children-with-complex-disabilities-focusing-on-child-s-functioning-and-need-for-general-anaesthesia
#19
Johanna Norderyd, Gunilla Klingberg, Denise Faulks, Mats Granlund
PURPOSE: To describe and analyse dental care and treatment modalities for children with complex disabilities from a biopsychosocial perspective, with special focus on dental treatment under general anaesthesia (GA) and its relationship to child's functioning. METHOD: An ICF-CY Checklist for Oral Health was completed using structured interview, direct observations, and dental records for patients attending a specialist paediatric dentistry clinic. Descriptive and comparative data analysis was performed...
November 22, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870757/examining-a-partial-biopsychosocial-model-for-monthly-alcohol-tobacco-and-marijuana-use-among-adolescents
#20
Matthew Lee Smith, Adam E Barry, Ashley L Merianos
Alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana are commonly used substances among adolescents. In the context of the Biopsychosocial Model (BPSM), this study investigated the relationships between psychological and normative factors associated with adolescent alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use. Data were analyzed from 1053 middle and high school students. Structural equation modeling was used to examine the relationships between BPSM constructs. Results indicate that latent constructs of the BPSM are significant antecedent factors to alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use; however, the relationships between study constructs were inconsistent with those theorized by BPSM...
January 2017: Family & Community Health
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