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Biopsychosocial factors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934799/factors-influencing-the-application-of-a-biopsychosocial-perspective-in-clinical-judgement-of-chronic-pain-interactive-management-with-medical-students
#1
Christopher P Dwyer, Phoebe E McKenna-Plumley, Hannah Durand, Emer M Gormley, Brian W Slattery, Owen M Harney, Padraig MacNeela, Brian E McGuire
BACKGROUND: Though there is wide support for the application of biopsychosocial perspectives in clinical judgement of chronic pain cases, such perspectives are often overlooked due to either inadequate training or attitudes favoring a biomedical approach. Recent research has indicated that despite such explanations, both established general practitioners (GP) and medical students account for some psychosocial factors when making clinical judgements regarding chronic pain cases, but report not being likely to apply these in real-world, clinical settings due to numerous factors, including available time with patients...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918107/depression-evening-salivary-cortisol-and-inflammation-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-a-psychoneuroendocrinological-structural-regression-model
#2
Sara F Milrad, Daniel L Hall, Devika R Jutagir, Emily G Lattie, Sara J Czaja, Dolores M Perdomo, Mary Ann Fletcher, Nancy Klimas, Michael H Antoni
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is a poorly understood illness that is characterized by diverse somatic symptoms, hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis dysfunction and heightened inflammatory indicators. These symptoms are often exacerbated and accompanied by psychological distress states and depression. Since depression is known to be associated with HPA axis dysfunction and greater inflammation, a psychoneuroendocrinological (PNE) model of inflammation was examined in persons diagnosed with CFS in order to uncover underlying biopsychosocial mechanisms in this poorly understood chronic illness...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915961/short-stem-total-hip-arthroplasty-potential-explanations-for-persistent-post-surgical-thigh-pain
#3
Isabel A C Baert, Enrique Lluch, Francis Van Glabbeek, Rudy Nuyts, Salim Rufai, Joanna Tuynman, Filip Struyf, Mira Meeus
Short stem uncemented femoral implants were developed with the aim of preserving proximal bone stock for future revisions, improving biomechanical reconstruction, aiding insertion through smaller incisions and potentially decreasing or limiting the incidence of thigh pain. Despite all the advantages of short stem designs, it remains unclear whether they are able to limit post-surgical thigh pain. In patients with short stem hip arthroplasty and persistent thigh pain, it is of the utmost importance to understand the potential etiologies of this chronic pain for selecting the appropriate treatment strategy...
September 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914459/testing-a-biopsychosocial-model-of-the-basic-birth-beliefs
#4
Heidi Preis, Rony Chen, Michal Eisner, Joseph Pardo, Yoav Peled, Arnon Wiznitzer, Yael Benyamini
BACKGROUND: Women perceive what birth is even before they are pregnant for the first time. Part of this conceptualization is the basic belief about birth as a medical and natural process. These two separate beliefs are pivotal in the decision-making process about labor and birth. Adapting Engel's biopsychosocial framework, we explored the importance of a wide range of factors which may contribute to these beliefs among first-time mothers. METHOD: This observational study included 413 primiparae ≥24 weeks' gestation, recruited in medical centers and in natural birth communities in Israel...
September 15, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895973/development-and-testing-of-a-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-model-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#5
Laura Kirk, Glenn E Smith, Joseph E Gaugler, Ken Hepburn, David Knopman, Marsha Lewis
Neuropsychiatric symptoms are prevalent in individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and have a significant detrimental effect on health and quality of life. Identifying factors that contribute to their occurrence may enable prompt treatment and intervention. The current study entails the development and testing of a biopsychosocially based model to assist nurses in the identification of individuals with MCI who are most likely to experience symptoms of depression, apathy, and/or anxiety. Factors within the biological and sociodemographic domains of the Neuropsychiatric Symptoms in MCI (NPSMCI) model were tested using multivariate logistic regression analyses...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894385/genetic-and-epigenetic-epidemiology-of-chronic-widespread-pain
#6
REVIEW
Jasmine I Kerr, Andrea Burri
The etiology underlying chronic widespread pain (CWP) remains largely unknown. An integrative biopsychosocial model seems to yield the most promising explanations for the pathogenesis of the condition, with genetic factors also contributing to disease development and maintenance. Here, we conducted a search of studies investigating the genetic and epigenetic epidemiology of CWP through electronic databases including Web of Science, Medline, PubMed, EMBASE, and Google Scholar. Combinations of keywords including CWP, chronic pain, musculoskeletal pain, genetics, epigenetics, gene, twins, single-nucleotide polymorphism, genotype, and alleles were used...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893142/a-simulation-and-video-based-training-program-to-address-adverse-childhood-experiences
#7
Frances K Wen, Julie E Miller-Cribbs, Kim A Coon, Martina J Jelley, Kristin A Foulks-Rodriguez
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are 10 categories of childhood abuse and maltreatment, which have a dose-response relationship with common adult health concerns seen in primary care including health risk behaviors, chronic disease, and mental illness. Many of the ACEs-associated biopsychosocial risk factors are modifiable. However, physicians may not address these issues for fear of opening "Pandora's Box", that is, a source of extensive problems for which they are not sufficiently prepared with training, resources, or time...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890332/association-of-physical-function-anxiety-and-pain-interference-in-nonshoulder-upper-extremity-patients-using-the-promis-platform
#8
Nikolas H Kazmers, Man Hung, Ajinkya A Rane, Jerry Bounsanga, Cindy Weng, Andrew R Tyser
PURPOSE: The relationship between psychosocial factors and self-reported physical function among hand and upper extremity patients is complex. The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) platform has attempted to create a variety of specifically targeted metrics that can be administered using computer adaptive testing (CAT). Three metrics measuring self-reported physical function (herein referred to in combination as "functional" metrics) include the PROMIS Physical Function (PF) CAT, PROMIS Upper Extremity (UE) CAT, and the Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (QuickDASH)...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888574/patient-and-disease-specific-factors-associated-with-operative-management-of-de-quervain-tendinopathy
#9
Nikolas H Kazmers, Tiffany C Liu, Joshua A Gordon, David J Bozentka, David R Steinberg, Benjamin L Gray
PURPOSE: It remains unclear which factors, patient- or disease-specific, are associated with electing to undergo operative management for de Quervain tendinopathy. Our null hypothesis was that no patient- or disease-specific factors would be associated with the choice of surgical treatment of de Quervain tendinopathy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of consecutive patients diagnosed with de Quervain tendinopathy over 3 years by 1 of 3 fellowship-trained hand surgeons at an urban academic institution...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871019/biopsychosocial-factors-associated-with-non-recovery-after-a-minor-transport-related-injury-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#10
Stella Samoborec, Rasa Ruseckaite, Lorena Romero, Sue M Evans
INTRODUCTION: Globally, road transport accidents contribute substantially to the number of deaths and also to the burden of disability. Up to 50 million people suffer a transport-related non-fatal injury each year, which often leads to long-term disability. It has been shown that substantial number of people with minor injuries struggle to recover and the reasons are still not well explored.Despite the high prevalence, little is known about the factors hindering recovery following minor traffic-related injuries...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868913/-biopsychosocially-informed-therapy-of-symptoms-related-to-premature-ovarian-failure
#11
Judit Szigeti F, Nándor Ács
The basic legal conditions for pursuing medical activities in Hungary require that psychologists be employed at certain somatic departments. In the Hungarian medical practice, however, attitudes recognizing the potential role of psychological factors in the course of diseases are not widely present. The modern psychosomatic approach to healing includes biological, psychological and social factors that may predispose one to, precipitate or perpetuate a medical condition. This case study of a 35-year-old woman reports on a therapy in which the symptoms were indicative of both premature ovarian failure and anxiety, influencing each other in a bidirectional way...
September 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840931/parent-child-relationships-implementation-of-a-screening-and-referral-program-for-adolescents-with-mood-disorders
#12
Bryson C Okeoma
Parent-child relational problems (PCRP) have been increasingly recognized as a risk factor in the development and/or progression of childhood mental illnesses. Despite many young individuals being at risk, health care providers do not specifically screen for PCRP in children diagnosed with mental illnesses. The objective of the current project was to implement a PCRP screening program in a metropolitan children's hospital and refer those with PCRP for treatment. Adolescents ages 10 to 17 presenting for admission in an inpatient pediatric psychiatric unit were screened with the PCRP semi-structured questionnaire and diagnostic criteria developed by the American Psychiatric Association's Relational Processes Workgroup...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838011/-bio-psycho-social-characteristics-and-therapeutic-aspects-of-methamphetamine-dependent-women-gender-specific-results-of-a-systematic-literature-search
#13
Stefanie Neumann, Michael Soyka, Andreas G Franke
Subject Compared to other illicit drugs Methamphetamine (MethA) is used more frequently by women than by men. Assuming the biopsychosocial etiology model, the dependency is based on several factors in which women and men differ significantly. Systematic gender-differentiated knowledge is missing until today. Method Based on a database research (PUBMED) the review examines biological, social and psychological as well as therapeutic aspects in MethA-dependent women. Results MethA-induced cognitive disturbance appear to have severer manifestations in women than in men...
August 24, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827277/an-investigation-of-the-predictors-of-photoprotection-and-uvr-dose-to-the-face-in-patients-with-xp-a-protocol-using-observational-mixed-methods
#14
Jessica Walburn, Robert Sarkany, Sam Norton, Lesley Foster, Myfanwy Morgan, Kirby Sainsbury, Vera Araújo-Soares, Rebecca Anderson, Isabel Garrood, Jakob Heydenreich, Falko F Sniehotta, Rute Vieira, Hans Christian Wulf, John Weinman
INTRODUCTION: Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a rare genetic condition caused by defective nucleotide excision repair and characterised by skin cancer, ocular and neurological involvement. Stringent ultraviolet protection is the only way to prevent skin cancer. Despite the risks, some patients' photoprotection is poor, with a potentially devastating impact on their prognosis. The aim of this research is to identify disease-specific and psychosocial predictors of photoprotection behaviour and ultraviolet radiation (UVR) dose to the face...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823008/neuropathic-pain-s-biopsychosocial-effects
#15
Esra Dogru Huzmeli, Ismet Melek
The aim of our study is to understand neuropathic pain's social, psychological, and biological effects on the patients. All of the patients who were diagnosed with neuropathic pain (NP) by a neurologist were invited to participate in the study. The diagnoses were made based on the patients' history and symptoms and the results of their neurological examinations. Demographic characteristics (age and pain duration), diagnoses, and medical histories of the patients were recorded. Average daily pain intensity was measured using a 100-mm visual analogue scale (VAS)...
August 19, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816769/do-psychosocial-factors-predict-muscle-strength-pain-or-physical-performance-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#16
Isabel A C Baert, Mira Meeus, Armaghan Mahmoudian, Frank P Luyten, Jo Nijs, Sabine M P Verschueren
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of psychosocial factors, namely, pain catastrophizing, kinesiophobia, and maladaptive coping strategies, with muscle strength, pain, and physical performance in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA)-related symptoms. METHODS: A total of 109 women (64 with knee OA-related symptoms) with a mean age of 65.4 years (49-81 years) were recruited for this study. Psychosocial factors were quantified by the Pain Catastrophizing Scale, Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia, and Pain Coping Inventory...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813319/reward-functioning-in-posttraumatic-stress-and-substance-use-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Anka A Vujanovic, Margaret C Wardle, Lia J Smith, Erin C Berenz
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (SUD) are complex psychiatric conditions that commonly co-occur. Research on PTSD-SUD comorbidity has increasingly focused upon better understanding biopsychosocial factors that may contribute to their co-occurring etiology, maintenance, and treatment. Anhedonia, defined as a lack of pleasure from or interest in rewards, stems from deficits in reward functioning and is associated with specific neurocircuitries. Few studies have investigated the role of reward functioning in PTSD-SUD...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791942/socioeconomic-status-and-race-outperform-concussion-history-and-sport-participation-in-predicting-collegiate-athlete-baseline-neurocognitive-scores
#18
Zac Houck, Breton Asken, James Clugston, William Perlstein, Russell Bauer
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the contribution of socioeconomic status (SES) and other multivariate predictors to baseline neurocognitive functioning in collegiate athletes. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Concussion Assessment, Research and Education (CARE) Consortium. Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) baseline assessments for 403 University of Florida student-athletes (202 males; age range: 18-23) from the 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 seasons were analyzed...
August 9, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782345/a-picture-of-indian-adolescent-mental-health-an-analysis-from-three-urban-secondary-schools
#19
Katelyn N G Long, Lisa H Gren, Paul M Long, Rachel Jaggi, Srabani Banik, Nicole L Mihalopoulos
Purpose Mental health disorders are a pressing issue among adolescents around the world, including in India. A better understanding of the factors related to poor mental health will allow for more effective and targeted interventions for Indian adolescents. Methods The Indian Adolescent Health Questionnaire (IAHQ), a validated questionnaire designed specifically for use in schools, was administered to approximately 1500 secondary students in three private urban Indian schools in 2012. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) module assessed mental health...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774580/advancing-imaging-technologies-for-patients-with-spinal-pain-with-a-focus-on-whiplash-injury
#20
James M Elliott, Mark J Hancock, Rebecca J Crawford, Andrew C Smith, David M Walton
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Radiological observations of soft-tissue changes that may relate to clinical symptoms in patients with traumatic and non-traumatic spinal disorders are highly controversial. Studies are often of poor quality and findings inconsistent. A plethora of evidence suggests some pathoanatomical findings from traditional imaging applications are common in asymptomatic participants across the life span, which further questions the diagnostic, prognostic, and theranostic value of traditional imaging...
July 31, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
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