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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096855/helminth-infections-of-meriones-persicus-persian-jird-mus-musculus-house-mice-and-cricetulus-migratorius-grey-hamster-a-cross-sectional-study-in-meshkin-shahr-district-northwest-iran
#1
Zabiholah Zarei, Mehdi Mohebali, Zahra Heidari, Jaber Davoodi, Afshin Shabestari, Afsaneh Motevalli Haghi, Khadijeh Khanaliha, Eshrat Beigom Kia
BACKGROUND: Rodents have important role as reservoirs of different parasites. The aim of this study was to determine helminth parasites of abundant rodents in Meshkin-Shahr, Ardabil Province northwest Iran. METHODS: From April 2014 to March 2015; 205 rodents including 118 Meriones persicus, 63 Mus musculus and 24 Cricetulus migratorius were collected, using live traps. All rodents were dissected and their different tissues examined for infectivity with helminth parasites...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096624/genetic-variability-and-discrimination-of-low-doses-of-toxocara-spp-from-public-areas-soil-inferred-by-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-assay-as-a-field-friendly-molecular-tool
#2
Maryam Ozlati, Adel Spotin, Abbas Shahbazi, Mahmoud Mahami-Oskouei, Teimour Hazratian, Mohammad Adibpor, Ehsan Ahmadpour, Afsaneh Dolatkhah, Paria Khoshakhlagh
ABSTRACT: Aim: One of the main diagnostic problems of conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is indiscrimination of low parasitic loads in soil samples. The aim of this study is to determine the genetic diversity and identification of Toxocara spp. from public areas soil inferred by loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 180 soil samples were collected from various streets and public parks of northwest Iran. The DNA of recovered Toxocara eggs were extracted and amplified by PCR and LAMP following ZnSO4 flotation technique...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095666/epidemiological-investigation-of-asymptomatic-dogs-with-leishmania-infection-in-southwestern-china-where-visceral-leishmaniasis-is-intractable
#3
Gui-Hua Zhao, Kun Yin, Wei-Xia Zhong, Ting Xiao, Qing-Kuan Wei, Yong Cui, Gong-Zhen Liu, Chao Xu, Hong-Fa Wang
Heishui county, located in northwest Sichuan province, southwestern China, is an endemic area of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and is the most intractable area. VL is never destroyed in it. Asymptomatic dogs (Leishmania parasites have been diagnosed but clinically healthy) are considered to be a potential reservoir host in zoonotic VL area, and most can lead to infection of individuals, that is a new challenge for controlling VL in humans. The present study aimed to assess the Leishmania infection rate of asymptomatic dogs in Heishui county...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095446/neglected-intestinal-parasites-malnutrition-and-associated-key-factors-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-among-indigenous-communities-in-sarawak-malaysia
#4
Yamuna Rajoo, Stephen Ambu, Yvonne Ai Lian Lim, Komalaveni Rajoo, Siew Chang Tey, Chan Woon Lu, Romano Ngui
Intestinal parasitic infections (IPIs) have been recognized as one of the most significant causes of illness among disadvantaged communities. Many studies have been conducted on the prevalence of IPIs in Malaysia. However, these studies mostly focused on the indigenous groups in Peninsular Malaysia. The present study was conducted to provide the current baseline data on prevalence of IPIs, anaemia, malnutrition and associated risk factors among the indigenous communities in Sarawak, situation at northwest Borneo island of Malaysia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095183/total-mercury-concentrations-in-white-and-striped-mullet-mugil-curema-and-m-cephalus-from-a-coastal-lagoon-in-the-se-gulf-of-california
#5
Jorge Ruelas-Inzunza, Cinthia K Kohen-Sandoval, Mauricio A Ramos-Osuna, Karla G Sánchez-Osuna, Pamela Spanopoulos-Zarco, Carolina G Delgado-Alvarez, Felipe Amezcua-Martínez
The White and Striped mullets (Mugil curema and M. cephalus) are highly abundant and commercially important estuarine fish in northwest (NW) Mexico. Because of their feeding habits and habitat, they are likely to accumulate mercury (Hg) in their muscle and liver. The objectives of this study were to determine total Hg distribution in the tissues of interest, to correlate Hg levels between tissues and with length and weight of fish, to estimate the percentage weekly intake (PWI) of total Hg and methyl Hg (MeHg) through consumption of both mullet species, and to compare total Hg levels with mullets from other areas...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094899/identification-of-glyphosate-resistance-in-salsola-tragus-in-northeastern-oregon
#6
Judit Barroso, Jennifer A Gourlie, Larry K Lutcher, Mingyang Liu, Carol A Mallory-Smith
BACKGROUND: Farmers in the low-rainfall region of eastern Oregon rely on repeated applications of non-selective herbicides, predominately glyphosate, to control Salsola tragus in no-till fallow systems. Reports of poor glyphosate effectiveness have increased in recent years. Reduced efficacy is often attributed to dust, water stress, or generally poor growing conditions during application. Inadequate control also may be the result of the evolution of glyphosate resistance. Therefore, studies were undertaken to determine if glyphosate-resistant S...
January 17, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094606/trichinella-surveillance-in-black-bears-ursus-americanus-from-the-dehcho-region-northwest-territories-canada-2002-2015
#7
Nicholas C Larter, Brett T Elkin, Lorry B Forbes, Brent Wagner, Danny G Allaire
We used muscle digestion to test black bears ( Ursus americanus ) from the southwestern Northwest Territories, Canada, for Trichinella. Results showed a prevalence of 4.1%. Some bears had infection intensities of more than one larva per gram (LPG) of muscle tissue; this level in meat is considered to pose a human consumption safety risk.
January 17, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093687/maternal-birthplace-is-associated-with-low-birth-weight-within-racial-ethnic-groups
#8
Paige D Wartko, Eva Y Wong, Daniel A Enquobahrie
Introduction While disparities in low birth weight (LBW) incidence by racial/ethnic group are well known, differences in LBW incidence by maternal birthplace within racial/ethnic groups, and particularly, differences after adjustment for pregnancy complications, are less clear. Methods We conducted a population-based study of LBW using 113,760 singleton, live birth records from King County, Washington (2008-2012), a region in the Pacific Northwest with a large immigrant population. Study participants were Asian, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic, Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander (NHOPI), and non-Hispanic white women...
January 16, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092934/visceral-leishmaniasis-treatment-outcome-and-its-determinants-in-northwest-ethiopia
#9
Berihun Assefa Dachew, Getachew Mebrahtu Welay, Kefyalew Addis Alene
Background: Poor treatment outcomes of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) are responsible for a high mortality rate in resource limited setting like Ethiopia. This study aimed at evaluating the magnitude and identifying determinants of poor VL treatment outcome in Kahsay Abera Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. Methods: A hospital based retrospective follow up study was conducted among 595 VL patients who were admitted to Kahsay Abera Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia from October 2010 to April 2013...
December 28, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091386/prevalence-of-infection-with-the-larval-form-of-the-cestode-parasite-taenia-saginata-in-cattle-in-northwest-iran-and-its-zoonotic-importance
#10
Mohammad Mirzaei, Ahmad Nematolahi, Javad Ashrafihelan, Hadi Rezaei
OBJECTIVE: Bovine cysticercosis is a cattle infection caused by a tapeworm, Taenia saginata. While the condition is relatively innocuous, the parasite infects the small intestine of humans in its mature stage and causes a few specific symptoms such as abdominal pain and nausea. METHODS: Between February 2013 and February 2014, a total of 640 cattle were randomly selected from all the cattle sent to the abattoir, and some internal organs and skeletal muscles of these cattle were inspected...
December 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089043/contrasting-microsatellite-diversity-in-the-evolutionary-lineages-of-phytophthora-lateralis
#11
AnnaMaria Vettraino, Clive M Brasier, Joan F Webber, Everett M Hansen, Sarah Green, Cecile Robin, Alessia Tomassini, Natalia Bruni, Andrea Vannini
Following recent discovery of Phytophthora lateralis on native Chamaecyparis obtusa in Taiwan, four phenotypically distinct lineages were discriminated: the Taiwan J (TWJ) and Taiwan K (TWK) in Taiwan, the Pacific Northwest (PNW) in North America and Europe and the UK in west Scotland. Across the four lineages, we analysed 88 isolates from multiple sites for microsatellite diversity. Twenty-one multilocus genotypes (MLGs) were resolved with high levels of diversity of the TWK and PNW lineages. No alleles were shared between the PNW and the Taiwanese lineages...
February 2017: Fungal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086816/rationale-description-and-baseline-findings-of-a-community-based-prospective-cohort-study-of-kidney-function-amongst-the-young-rural-population-of-northwest-nicaragua
#12
Marvin González-Quiroz, Armando Camacho, Dorien Faber, Aurora Aragón, Catharina Wesseling, Jason Glaser, Jennifer Le Blond, Liam Smeeth, Dorothea Nitsch, Neil Pearce, Ben Caplin
BACKGROUND: An epidemic of Mesoamerican Nephropathy (MeN) is killing thousands of agricultural workers along the Pacific coast of Central America, but the natural history and aetiology of the disease remain poorly understood. We have recently commenced a community-based longitudinal study to investigate Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in Nicaragua. Although logistically challenging, study designs of this type have the potential to provide important insights that other study designs cannot...
January 13, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086762/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-congenital-heart-defects-among-live-births-a-population-based-cross-sectional-survey-in-shaanxi-province-northwestern-china
#13
Leilei Pei, Yijun Kang, Yaling Zhao, Hong Yan
BACKGROUND: Nearly half of the population of Northwest China live in Shaanxi province, but population-based data on the epidemiologic characteristics of congenital heart defects (CHD) in this population is limited. The study aimed to investigate the prevalence and epidemiologic characteristics of the CHD among infants born between 2010 and 2013 in Shaanxi province. METHODS: Infants born between 2010 and 2013 in Shaanxi province were surveyed using a stratified multi-stage sampling method...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081271/beaver-colony-density-trends-on-the-chequamegon-nicolet-national-forest-1987-2013
#14
Christine A Ribic, Deahn M Donner, Albert J Beck, David J Rugg, Sue Reinecke, Dan Eklund
The North American beaver (Castor canadensis) is a managed species in the United States. In northern Wisconsin, as part of the state-wide beaver management program, the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest removes beavers from targeted trout streams on U.S. Forest Service lands. However, the success of this management program has not been evaluated. Targeted removals comprise only 3% of the annual beaver harvest, a level of effort that may not affect the beaver population. We used colony location data along Forest streams from 1987-2013 (Nicolet, northeast Wisconsin) and 1997-2013 (Chequamegon, northwest Wisconsin) to assess trends in beaver colony density on targeted trout streams compared to non-targeted streams...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080992/microevolutionary-traits-and-comparative-population-genomics-of-the-emerging-pathogenic-fungus-cryptococcus-gattii
#15
Rhys A Farrer, Kerstin Voelz, Daniel A Henk, Simon A Johnston, Matthew C Fisher, Robin C May, Christina A Cuomo
Emerging fungal pathogens cause an expanding burden of disease across the animal kingdom, including a rise in morbidity and mortality in humans. Yet, we currently have only a limited repertoire of available therapeutic interventions. A greater understanding of the mechanisms of fungal virulence and of the emergence of hypervirulence within species is therefore needed for new treatments and mitigation efforts. For example, over the past decade, an unusual lineage of Cryptococcus gattii, which was first detected on Vancouver Island, has spread to the Canadian mainland and the Pacific Northwest infecting otherwise healthy individuals...
December 5, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079717/-out-of-care-hiv-case-investigations-a-collaborative-analysis-across-6-states-in-the-northwest-us
#16
Julia C Dombrowski, Joanna Bove, James C Roscoe, Jessica Harvill, Caislin L Firth, Shireen Khormooji, Jason Carr, Peter Choi, Courtney Smith, Sean D Schafer, Matthew R Golden
BACKGROUND: HIV care continuum estimates derived from laboratory surveillance typically assume that persons without recently reported CD4 count or viral load results are out of care. METHODS: We conducted a multistate project (Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming) to ascertain the status of HIV cases that appeared to be out of care during a 12-month period. We used laboratory surveillance to identify cases in all states but Idaho, where viral load reporting is not mandatory, requiring us to rely on clinic records...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079256/characterization-of-chronic-hcv-infection-in-northwest-spain-impact-of-the-treatment-strategic-plan-of-the-spanish-national-health-service-on-hcv-cure
#17
Marta Grandal, Berta Pernas, Ana Mariño, Hortensia Álvarez, Andrés Tabernilla, Ángeles Castro-Iglesias, Álvaro Mena, Manuel Delgado, Sonia Pértega, Eva Poveda
The aim of the study was to characterize HCV infection in Northwest Spain and assess the impact of the Spanish Strategic Plan to cure HCV infection. Overall, 387 patients were included (60.9% HIV/HCV coinfected and 28.2% cirrhotic). Of these, 72.9% of patients that were recognized as priority for HCV treatment according to the Spanish Strategic Plan (≥F2, transplant or extrahepatic manifestations), initiated treatment during 2015. Globally, SVR12 was achieved in 96.5% of patients. The implementation of the Spanish Strategic Plan has been critical to advance in HCV cure, but 27...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076360/consequences-of-global-warming-of-1-5-%C3%A2-c-and-2-%C3%A2-c-for-regional-temperature-and-precipitation-changes-in-the-contiguous-united-states
#18
Ambarish V Karmalkar, Raymond S Bradley
The differential warming of land and ocean leads to many continental regions in the Northern Hemisphere warming at rates higher than the global mean temperature. Adaptation and conservation efforts will, therefore, benefit from understanding regional consequences of limiting the global mean temperature increase to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, a limit agreed upon at the United Nations Climate Summit in Paris in December 2015. Here, we analyze climate model simulations from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) to determine the timing and magnitude of regional temperature and precipitation changes across the contiguous United States (US) for global warming of 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075411/tamaractam-a-new-bioactive-lactam-from-tamarix-ramosissima-induces-apoptosis-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-fibroblast-like-synoviocytes
#19
Yao Yao, Cheng-Shuai Jiang, Na Sun, Wei-Qi Li, Yang Niu, Huai-Qin Han, Zhen-Hua Miao, Xun-Xia Zhao, Jing Zhao, Juan Li
Chemical investigation of Tamarix ramosissima Ledeb, a traditional herbal medicine used for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatment in northwest China, led to the discovery of a new phenolic aromatic rings substituted lactam, tamaractam (1), together with the previously reported compounds cis-N-feruloyl-3-O-methyldopamine (2) and trans-N-feruloyl-3-O-methyldopamine (3). The structures of the compounds were determined by high resolution electrospray ionization mass spectroscopy (HRESIMS) and 1D and 2D-NMR experiments, as well as comparison with the literature data...
January 10, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074520/assessing-the-accuracy-of-opioid-overdose-and-poisoning-codes-in-diagnostic-information-from-electronic-health-records-claims-data-and-death-records
#20
Carla A Green, Nancy A Perrin, Shannon L Janoff, Cynthia I Campbell, Howard D Chilcoat, Paul M Coplan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess positive predictive value (PPV), relative to medical chart review, of International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-9/10 diagnostic codes for identifying opioid overdoses and poisonings. METHODS: Data were obtained from Kaiser Permanente Northwest and Northern California. Diagnostic data from electronic health records, submitted claims, and state death records from Oregon, Washington, and California were linked. Individual opioid-related poisoning codes (e...
January 10, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
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