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Infant of diabetic mother

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298219/sedentary-behaviours-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#1
Caterina Fazzi, David H Saunders, Kathryn Linton, Jane E Norman, Rebecca M Reynolds
BACKGROUND: In the general population, at least 50% of time awake is spent in sedentary behaviours. Sedentary behaviours are activities that expend less energy than 1.5 metabolic equivalents, such as sitting. The amount of time spent in sedentary behaviours is a risk factor for diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and death from all causes. Even individuals meeting physical activity guidelines are at a higher risk of premature death and adverse metabolic outcomes if they sit for extended intervals...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282706/cardiovascular-malformations-in-infants-of-diabetic-mothers-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#2
Parvin Akbariasbagh, Mamak Shariat, Naseredin Akbariasbagh, Bita Ebrahim
Maternal diabetes has teratogenic effects on the evolution of the fetal cardiovascular system; as a consequence, cardiovascular malformations are the most common anomalies in infants of diabetic mothers. The present study focuses on the association of all types of diabetes in mothers with the incidence of congenital cardiovascular malformations in their infants. In this retrospective case-control study performed between the years 2008 and 2010, 35 infants of diabetic mothers were selected as a case group, and another 35 infants of mothers with normal blood glucose levels were selected as a control group...
February 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270256/socioeconomic-status-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-a-population-based-canadian-sample
#3
Emily E Campbell, Jason Gilliland, Paula D N Dworatzek, Barbra De Vrijer, Debbie Penava, Jamie A Seabrook
This study assessed the strength of the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth (PTB) in Southwestern Ontario. Utilizing perinatal and neonatal databases at the London Health Science Centre, maternal postal codes were entered into a Geographic Information System to determine home neighbourhoods. Neighbourhoods were defined by dissemination areas (DAs). Median household income for each DA was extracted from the latest Canadian Census and linked to each mother...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260766/perinatal-complications-in-diabetes-mellitus-with-pregnancy-comparison-between-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-and-diabetes-mellitus-prior-to-pregnancy
#4
F B Rashid, H Khatoon, M A Hasnat, R Amin, A K Azad
Diabetes is alarmingly high among Bangladeshi people. But there have been very few studies assessing the effect of diabetes on perinatal outcomes, particularly comparing diabetes prior to pregnancy and gestational diabetes (GDM). This cross sectional observational study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, BIRDEM Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh from September 2010 to February 2011. Pregnant women admitted in BIRDEM Hospital for delivery after 28 weeks of gestation were selected to assess perinatal complications of GDM and diabetes prior to pregnancy and to compare them after taking permission from institutional review board...
January 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260542/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-support-for-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-in-an-infant-of-a-diabetic-mother
#5
Michelle L Udine, Robb L Romp, Kimberly W Jackson
Infants of diabetic mothers are at risk for transient hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. These infants are typically asymptomatic, but may develop signs of poor cardiac output from left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. This case illustrates the successful use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation to support cardiac output in an infant of a diabetic mother with outflow tract obstruction until hypertrophy improved.
March 6, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245262/high-birth-weight-and-perinatal-mortality-among-siblings-a-register-based-study-in-norway-1967-2011
#6
Petter Kristensen, Katherine M Keyes, Ezra Susser, Karina Corbett, Ingrid Sivesind Mehlum, Lorentz M Irgens
BACKGROUND: Perinatal mortality according to birth weight has an inverse J-pattern. Our aim was to estimate the influence of familial factors on this pattern, applying a cohort sibling design. We focused on excess mortality among macrosomic infants (>2 SD above the mean) and hypothesized that the birth weight-mortality association could be explained by confounding shared family factors. We also estimated how the participant's deviation from mean sibling birth weight influenced the association...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236296/different-types-of-dietary-advice-for-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#7
REVIEW
Shanshan Han, Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd, Emer Van Ryswyk, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Dietary advice is the main strategy for managing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). It remains unclear what type of advice is best. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different types of dietary advice for women with GDM for improving health outcomes for women and babies. SEARCH METHODS: We searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register (8 March 2016), PSANZ's Trials Registry (22 March 2016) and reference lists of retrieved studies...
February 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213010/the-pathogenesis-and-pathophysiology-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-deductions-from-a-three-part-longitudinal-metabolomics-study-in-china
#8
REVIEW
Kai P Law, Hua Zhang
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes that is first recognised during pregnancy, with no evidence of pre-existing type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The prevalence of GDM has been rising steadily over the past few decades, coinciding with the ongoing epidemic of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Although GDM normally disappears after delivery, women who have been previously diagnosed with GDM are at a greater risk of developing gestational diabetes in subsequent pregnancies, and type 2 diabetes later in life...
February 14, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197657/gestational-diabetes-and-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-from-716-152-births-in-france-in-2012
#9
Cécile Billionnet, Delphine Mitanchez, Alain Weill, Jacky Nizard, François Alla, Agnès Hartemann, Sophie Jacqueminet
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to assess the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in a large national cohort. METHODS: All deliveries taking place after 22 weeks in France in 2012 were included by extracting data from the hospital discharge database and the national health insurance system. The diabetic status of mothers was determined by the use of glucose-lowering agents and by hospital diagnosis. Outcomes were analysed according to the type of diabetes and, in the GDM group, whether or not diabetes was insulin-treated...
February 15, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197645/subclinical-decrease-in-myocardial-function-in-asymptomatic-infants-of-diabetic-mothers-a-tissue-doppler-study
#10
Jenny E Zablah, Dorota Gruber, Guillaume Stoffels, Estefania G Cabezas, Denise A Hayes
Infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are recognized to have impaired myocardial performance, but less is known about ventricular function in IDMs without hypertrophy. We hypothesized that in asymptomatic newborns with normal two-dimensional echocardiographic evaluations, pulsed wave tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) would suggest a subclinical decrease in the cardiac function of IDMs compared to infants of non-diabetics (nIDMs). This is a retrospective cohort study of asymptomatic neonates ≥36 weeks gestation, at 0-7 days of life, with normal standard echocardiograms...
February 14, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179126/vitamin-d-deficiency-in-mothers-neonates-and-children
#11
Deena H Elsori, Majeda S Hammoud
Vitamin D is produced in response to the exposure of skin to sunlight through UV-B synthesis. It can also be obtained from diet and dietary supplements. Vitamin D is essential for strong bones as it helps to absorb calcium from diet. Vitamin D deficiency mainly occurs if strict vegetarian diet is followed as mostly the source of vitamin D is animal based; therefore, exposure to sunlight is restricted or having dark skin color. Low vitamin D levels results in increased possibility of gestational diabetes among pregnant women, low birth weight and pre-eclampsia in infants, and mothers may suffer bone impairment, osteoporosis, hypocalcaemia, and hypertension...
February 5, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176229/charting-the-maternal-and-infant-microbiome-what-is-the-role-of-diabetes-and-obesity-in-pregnancy
#12
REVIEW
Sirtaj Singh, Margaret R Karagas, Noel T Mueller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the evidence on whether diabetes, obesity, and related metabolic derangements during pregnancy are associated with the maternal and infant microbiomes, and to identify gaps in the literature and offer guidance on future research on this topic. RECENT FINDINGS: We found circumstantial evidence from four observational studies that the maternal gut microbiome was associated with either pre-pregnancy body mass index, gestational weight gain, gestational diabetes, and/or related metabolic biomarkers in pregnancy; we did not identify any studies that examined whether the vaginal microbiome varied according to these metabolic parameters...
February 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161306/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-exercise-during-pregnancy%C3%A2-to%C3%A2-prevent-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and%C3%A2-improve-pregnancy-outcome-in-overweight-and%C3%A2-obese%C3%A2-pregnant-women
#13
Chen Wang, Yumei Wei, Xiaoming Zhang, Yue Zhang, Qianqian Xu, Yiying Sun, Shiping Su, Li Zhang, Chunhong Liu, Yaru Feng, Chong Shou, Kym J Guelfi, John P Newnham, Huixia Yang
BACKGROUND: Obesity and being overweight are becoming epidemic, and indeed, the proportion of such women of reproductive age has increased in recent times. Being overweight or obese prior to pregnancy is a risk factor for gestational diabetes mellitus, and increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome for both mothers and their offspring. Furthermore, the combination of gestational diabetes mellitus with obesity/overweight status may increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome attributable to either factor alone...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157383/biomarkers-of-oxidative-stress-in-pregnancy-complications
#14
James Sm Cuffe, Ziheng Calvin Xu, Anthony V Perkins
Pregnancy complications including pre-eclampsia, gestational-diabetes mellitus, preterm birth and intrauterine growth restriction can cause acute and chronic health problems for the mother and lead to fetal loss or dysregulation of infant physiology. The human placenta is susceptible to oxidative stress and oxidative damage in early gestation contributes to the onset of these conditions later in pregnancy. Current methods of predicting pregnancy complications are limited and although a large number of factors are associated with disease progression, few biomarkers have been used to aid in disease diagnosis early in gestation...
February 3, 2017: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135112/abm-clinical-protocol-27-breastfeeding-an-infant-or-young-child-with-insulin-dependent-diabetes
#15
Diana Miller, Leena Mamilly, Shannon Fourtner, Casey Rosen-Carole
A central goal of The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine is the development of clinical protocols for managing common medical problems that may impact breastfeeding success. These protocols serve only as guidelines for the care of breastfeeding mothers and infants and do not delineate an exclusive course of treatment or serve as standards of medical care. Variations in treatment may be appropriate according to the needs of an individual patient.
March 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120427/oral-anti-diabetic-pharmacological-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#16
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Ruth Martis, Brenda Hughes, Janet Rowan, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a major public health issue with rates increasing globally. Gestational diabetes, glucose intolerance first recognised during pregnancy, usually resolves after birth and is associated with short- and long-term complications for the mother and her infant. Treatment options can include oral anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of oral anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies for treating women with GDM...
January 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117222/the-insr-rs2059806-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-a-genetic-risk-factor-for-vascular-and-metabolic-disease-associates-with-pre-eclampsia
#17
Prabha H Andraweera, Kathryn L Gatford, Gustaaf A Dekker, Shalem Leemaqz, Rohan W Jayasekara, Vajira H W Dissanayake, Lesley McCowan, Claire T Roberts
Pre-eclampsia is a risk factor for later life vascular and metabolic diseases. This study postulates that this reflects a common genetic cause, and investigates whether the INSR rs2059806 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (a risk factor for essential hypertension, type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome) is also associated with pre-eclampsia. The association of INSR rs2059806 with pre-eclampsia was tested in two cohorts - a Caucasian case control group (123 pre-eclamptic mother-father-baby trios and 1185 mother-father-baby trios from uncomplicated pregnancies) and an independent cohort of Sinhalese women (175 women with pre-eclampsia and 171 women with uncomplicated pregnancies)...
January 11, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110387/caffeine-intake-during-pregnancy-in-different-intrauterine-environments-and-its-association-with-infant-anthropometric-measurements-at-3-and-6-months-of-age
#18
Thamíris Santos de Medeiros, Juliana Rombaldi Bernardi, Mariana Lopes de Brito, Vera Lucia Bosa, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani, Clécio Homrich da Silva
Objective To investigate the association between maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy and infant anthropometric measurements at age 3 and 6 months. Methods Longitudinal observational study of mother-child pairs stratified into five groups: diabetic women (DM), hypertensive women (HYP), smoking mothers (SMO), mothers of infants small for gestational age (SGA), and controls (CTL). Pairs were recruited from three public hospitals in Porto Alegre, Brazil, from 2011 to 2015, using a convenience sampling strategy...
January 21, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090399/breastfeeding-in-samoa-a-study-to-explore-women-s-knowledge-and-the-factors-which-influence-infant-feeding-practices
#19
Lucy E Archer, Thomas F Dunne, Lauren J Lock, Lucy A Price, Zubair Ahmed
A decline in breastfeeding rates in Samoa has been reported over the last century. To assess the length of time women breastfeed, their knowledge of both the advantages of and recommendations for breastfeeding, and the factors that influence their decisions to continue or discontinue breastfeeding, a questionnaire was distributed at Tupua Tamasese Meaole Hospital. One hundred and twenty-one eligible participants were included aged 18-50 years (mean age 28.2). Ninety percent of participants initiated breastfeeding, and the majority (78%) of babies were exclusively breastfed for at least the recommended 6 months...
January 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049748/maternal-nutrition-opportunities-in-the-prevention-of-gestational-diabetes
#20
Irma Silva-Zolezzi, Tinu Mary Samuel, Jörg Spieldenner
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is currently defined as glucose intolerance that is of variable severity with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. The Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome Study, including 25 000 nondiabetic pregnant women in 15 centers across the world, reported that an average of 17.8% of pregnancies are affected by GDM and its frequency can be as high as 25.5% in some countries, based on the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups criteria. Nevertheless, true global prevalence estimates of GDM are currently lacking due to the high level of heterogeneity in screening approaches, diagnostic criteria, and differences in the characteristics of the populations that were studied...
January 2017: Nutrition Reviews
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