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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625014/comparison-in-executive-function-in-chinese-preterm-and-full-term-infants-at-eight-months
#1
Yao Feng, Hong Zhou, Yan Zhang, Anthony Perkins, Yan Wang, Jing Sun
Executive function (EF) is increasingly recognized as being responsible for adverse developmental outcomes in preterm-born infants. Several perinatal factors may lead to poor EF development in infancy, and the deficits in EF can be identified in infants as young as eight months. A prospective cohort study was designed to study the EF in Chinese preterm infants and examine the relationship between EF in preterm infants and maternal factors during perinatal period. A total of 88 preterm infants and 88 full-term infants were followed from birth to eight months (corrected age)...
June 17, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604759/markers-of-maternal-and-infant-metabolism-are-associated-with-ventricular-dysfunction-in-infants-of-obese-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#2
W Todd Cade, Philip T Levy, Rachel A Tinius, Mehgna D Patel, Swati Choudhry, Mark R Holland, Gautam K Singh, Alison G Cahill
BACKGROUND: To test the hypothesis that infants born to obese women with pregestational type 2 diabetes mellitus (IBDM) have ventricular dysfunction at one month that is associated with markers of maternal lipid and glucose metabolism. METHODS: In a prospective observational study of IBDM (OB+DM, n=25), echocardiography measures of septal, left (LV) and right ventricular (RV) function and structure were compared at one month of age to infants born to OB mothers without DM (OB, n=24), and non-OB without DM (Lean, n=23)...
June 12, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597536/timing-of-solid-food-introduction-and-association-with-later-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-the-idefics-study
#3
Stalo Papoutsou, Savvas C Savva, Monica Hunsberger, Hannah Jilani, Nathalie Michels, Wolfgang Ahrens, Michael Tornaritis, Toomas Veidebaum, Dénes Molnár, Alfonso Siani, Luis A Moreno, Charis Hadjigeorgiou
This study investigated associations between timing of solid food introduction and childhood obesity and explored maternal characteristics influencing early feeding practices. Cross-sectional data from children 2-9 years (n = 10,808; 50.5% boys) residing in 8 European countries of the IDEFICS study (2007-2008) were included. Late solid food introduction (≥7 months of age) was associated with an increased prevalence of later childhood overweight/obesity among exclusively breastfed children (OR [odds ratio]: 1...
June 8, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592607/maternal-dietary-intakes-of-refined-grains-during-pregnancy-and-growth-through-the-first-7-y-of-life-among-children-born-to-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#4
Yeyi Zhu, Sjurdur F Olsen, Pauline Mendola, Thorhallur I Halldorsson, Edwina H Yeung, Charlotta Granström, Anne A Bjerregaard, Jing Wu, Shristi Rawal, Jorge E Chavarro, Frank B Hu, Cuilin Zhang
Background: Refined grains, a major source of dietary carbohydrates, have been related to impaired glucose homeostasis and obesity. Emerging animal data suggest that in utero exposure to dietary refined carbohydrates may predispose offspring to an obese phenotype, indicating a potential role for nutritional programming in the early origins of obesity, but intergenerational human data are lacking.Objective: We prospectively investigated refined-grain intake during pregnancy in association with offspring growth through age 7 y among high-risk children born to women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583101/healthcare-interventions-for-the-prevention-and-control-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-in-china-a-scoping-review
#5
Tingting Xu, Yasheng He, Livia Dainelli, Kai Yu, Patrick Detzel, Irma Silva-Zolezzi, Sheri Volger, Hai Fang
BACKGROUND: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a type of diabetes which occurs during pregnancy. Women with GDM are at greater risk of complications during pregnancy and delivery, while babies born from mothers with GDM are at greater risk of post-natal complications. Using the most updated diagnosis criteria, the GDM prevalence is estimated at 9.3-25.5% worldwide and 9.3-18.9% in China. Our objective was to identify healthcare interventions aimed at GDM prevention and control in China...
June 5, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578169/maternal-race-and-intergenerational-preterm-birth-recurrence
#6
Marcela C Smid, Jong Hyung Lee, Jacqueline H Grant, Gandarvaka Miles, Gregory J Stoddard, Derek A Chapman, Tracy A Manuck
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a complex disorder with a heritable genetic component. Studies of primarily white women born preterm show that they have an increased risk of subsequently delivering preterm. This risk of intergenerational preterm birth is poorly defined among black women. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate and compare the intergenerational preterm birth risk among non-Hispanic black and white mothers. STUDY DESIGN: This was a population-based retrospective cohort study, using the Virginia Intergenerational Linked Birth File...
May 31, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574806/free-fatty-acids-of-newborns-from-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Miljana Z Jovandaric, Petar I Ivanovski
INTRODUCTION: Fetal macrosomia in gestational diabetes mellitus is contributed to by compensatory fetal mechanisms responding to alterations in maternal metabolism. OBJECTIVES: To compare FFA and blood glucose concentrations of newborns derived from healthy and hyperglycemic mothers. METHODS: Prospective study included two equal groups of term newborns (50) from GDM and healthy mothers. Blood was derived from umbilical and cubital vein of mothers immediately after birth...
June 2017: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545656/cord-plasma-insulin-and-in-utero-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution
#8
Narjes Madhloum, Bram G Janssen, Dries S Martens, Nelly D Saenen, Esmée Bijnens, Wilfried Gyselaers, Joris Penders, Charlotte Vanpoucke, Wouter Lefebvre, Michelle Plusquin, Tim S Nawrot
INTRODUCTION: Cardio-metabolic risk factors including insulin levels are at young age barely perceived as harmful, but over time these risk factors may track and lead to higher risk of metabolic syndrome. Studies showed that exposure to air pollution is associated with an increased risk of insulin resistance in childhood. We determined whether the origin of type 2 diabetes can be found in the early childhood by examining the levels of insulin in the neonatal cord blood and whether this can be considered as a disease marker for later life...
May 22, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532193/glycated-albumin-level-during-late-pregnancy-as-a-predictive-factor-for-neonatal-outcomes-of-women-with-diabetes
#9
Daisuke Sugawara, Atsuko Kawano, Kohei Nagai, Hiroaki Sato, Ko Ichihashi
PURPOSE: To investigate the association between glycated albumin (GA) in diabetic mothers and complications in their children, and determine GA cut-off values for predicting complications in infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This hospital-based case-control study involved 71 Japanese diabetic mothers and their children. Mean GA values were compared between mothers of infants with and without complications, and relationship with number of complications was analyzed by Pearson's correlation...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502205/role-of-mean-platelet-volume-and-ischemia-modified-albumin-in-evaluation-of-oxidative-stress-and-its-association-with-postnatal-complications-in-infants-of-diabetic-mothers
#10
Lamiaa Mohsen, Dina M Akmal, Elsayed Kamal Elsayed Ghonaim, Nermine Magdi Riad
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is accompanied by increased oxidative stress, causing many complications to pregnant women and their newborns. We aimed to determine cord blood levels of mean platelet volume (MPV) and ischemia modified albumin (IMA) as a reflection of oxidative stress in babies born to mothers suffering from GDM. Eighty pregnant women were enrolled in the study. They were divided into two groups: 40 with GDM and 40 healthy matched controls. Each group included twenty giving birth by normal vaginal delivery (NVD) and twenty by cesarean section (C...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491927/iron-supplements-for-infants-at-risk-for-iron-deficiency
#11
Brianna C MacQueen, Vickie L Baer, Danielle M Scott, Con Yee Ling, Elizabeth A O'Brien, Caitlin Boyer, Erick Henry, Robert E Fleming, Robert D Christensen
Professional societies have published recommendations for iron dosing of preterm neonates, but differences exist between guidelines. To help develop standardized guidelines, we performed a 10-year analysis of iron dosing in groups at risk for iron deficiency: IDM (infants of diabetic mothers), SGA (small for gestational age), and VLBW premature neonates (very low birth weight, <1500 g). We analyzed iron dosing after red cell transfusions and erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESA). Of IDM, 11.8% received iron in the hospital; 9...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487451/infant-feeding-and-risk-of-type-1-diabetes-in-two-large-scandinavian-birth-cohorts
#12
Nicolai A Lund-Blix, Stine Dydensborg Sander, Ketil Størdal, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen, Kjersti S Rønningen, Geir Joner, Torild Skrivarhaug, Pål R Njølstad, Steffen Husby, Lars C Stene
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to study the relation between the duration of full and any breastfeeding and risk of type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We included two population-based cohorts of children followed from birth (1996-2009) to 2014 (Denmark) or 2015 (Norway). We analyzed data from a total of 155,392 children participating in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study and the Danish National Birth Cohort. Parents reported infant dietary practices when their child was 6 and 18 months old...
May 9, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472859/lifestyle-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#13
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Nisreen A Alwan, Jane West, Stephen Brown, Christopher Jd McKinlay, Diane Farrar, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes (GDM) is glucose intolerance, first recognised in pregnancy and usually resolving after birth. GDM is associated with both short- and long-term adverse effects for the mother and her infant. Lifestyle interventions are the primary therapeutic strategy for many women with GDM. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of combined lifestyle interventions with or without pharmacotherapy in treating women with gestational diabetes. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (14 May 2016), ClinicalTrials...
May 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462403/determination-of-the-most-important-risk-factors-of-gestational-diabetes-in-iran-by-group-analytical-hierarchy-process
#14
Masoumeh Abbasi, Zahra Mazloum Khorasani, Kobra Etminani, Rasool Rahmanvand
BACKGROUND: The outbreak of gestational diabetes has a significant increase during recent years. This disease has complications for mother and her baby. Screening is an opportunity for preventing of gestational diabetes complications. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to determine the most important risk factors for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) in Iran according to the expert's views by Group Analytical Hierarchy Process. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, papers related to the prevalence and risk factors of GDM in Iran from 1992-2015 were reviewed...
February 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460045/large-reduction-in-adiponectin-during-pregnancy-is-associated-with-large-for-gestational-age-newborns
#15
Tove Lekva, Marie Cecilie Paasche Roland, Annika E Michelsen, Camilla Margrethe Friis, Pål Aukrust, Jens Bollerslev, Tore Henriksen, Thor Ueland
Context: Fetuses exposed to an obese intrauterine environment are more likely to be born large-for-gestational age (LGA) and are at increased risk of obesity in childhood and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) as adults, but which factors that influence the intrauterine environment is less clear. Objective: To investigate the association between circulating levels of leptin and adiponectin, measured multiple times during pregnancy, and birth weight and prevalence of LGA or small-for-gestational age (SGA) infants...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455081/optimizing-postpartum-care-for-the-patient-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Noelle G Martinez, Charlotte M Niznik, Lynn M Yee
Gestational diabetes mellitus poses well-established risks to both the mother and infant. As >50% of women with gestational diabetes mellitus will develop type 2 diabetes mellitus in their lifetime, performing postpartum oral glucose tolerance testing is paramount to initiation of appropriate lifestyle interventions and pharmacologic therapy. Nonetheless, test completion among women with gestational diabetes mellitus is estimated to be <50%, with particularly low rates in Latina patients, as well as patients with public insurance, low education levels, and low health literacy...
April 26, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452861/inadequate-gestational-weight-gain-the-hidden-link-between-maternal-ibd-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-results-from-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study
#17
May-Bente Bengtson, Geir Aamodt, Uma Mahadevan, Morten H Vatn
BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are in general prone to weight loss. We explored the risk of inadequate gestational weight gain (GWG), and the impact of GWG on adverse pregnancy outcomes, among mothers with IBD in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa). METHODS: The MoBa with 95,200 mothers enrolled from 1999 to 2008, comprised 217 mothers with ulcerative colitis and 166 with Crohn's disease. Demographics were ascertained through a basic questionnaire before the first ultrasound visit and an IBD history and disease activity during pregnancy through a questionnaire mailed out in 2013...
July 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451583/pregnancy-an-underutilized-window-of-opportunity-to-improve-long-term-maternal-and-infant-health-an-appeal-for-continuous-family-care-and-interdisciplinary-communication
#18
REVIEW
Birgit Arabin, Ahmet A Baschat
Physiologic adaptations during pregnancy unmask a woman's predisposition to diseases. Complications are increasingly predicted by first-trimester algorithms, amplify a pre-existing maternal phenotype and accelerate risks for chronic diseases in the offspring up to adulthood (Barker hypothesis). Recent evidence suggests that vice versa, pregnancy diseases also indicate maternal and even grandparent's risks for chronic diseases (reverse Barker hypothesis). Pub-Med and Embase were reviewed for Mesh terms "fetal programming" and "pregnancy complications combined with maternal disease" until January 2017...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447275/risk-factors-for-shoulder-dystocia-the-impact-of-mother-s-race-and-ethnicity
#19
Jennifer Gaudet Hefele, Palmira Santos, Grant Ritter, Neha Varma, Ann Hendrich
Shoulder dystocia is a rare but severe birth trauma where the neonate's shoulders fail to deliver after delivery of the head. Failure to deliver the shoulders quickly can lead to severe, long-term injury to the infant, including nerve injury, skeletal fractures, and potentially death. This observational study examined shoulder dystocia risk factors by race and ethnicity using a sample of 19,236 pregnant women who presented for labor and delivery from July 1, 2010 until June 30, 2013 at five locations. Multivariate analyses were used to identify risk factors associated with shoulder dystocia occurrence in racial/ethnic groups with high incidence rates...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435650/postnatal-transitional-weight-loss-and-adverse-outcomes-in-extremely-premature-neonates
#20
Rita P Verma, Syed Shibli, Eugene Komaroff
The early postnatal weight loss (EPWL) is highly variable in the extremely low birth weight infants (birth weight <1000 g, ELBW). It is reported to be unassociated with adverse outcomes within a range of 3-21% of birth weight. Its wide range might have contributed to this lack of association. The aim of our paper is to study the effects of maximum EPWL, graded as low, medium and large on clinical outcomes in ELBW infants. In a retrospective cohort observational study EPWL was measured as maximum weight loss from birth weight (MWL) in ELBW infants and grouped as low (5-12%) moderate (18...
March 22, 2017: Pediatric Reports
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