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"Trigger point"

Rocío Melero-Suárez, José Antonio Sánchez-Santos, Gabriel Domínguez-Maldonado
BACKGROUND: Closely related pathologic disorders sometimes manifest with the same symptoms, making for a complex differential diagnosis. This is the situation in plantar fasciitis (PF) and myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) with myofascial trigger points (MTPs) in the sole of the foot. This research assessed the analgesic effect on plantar pain of combination therapy with interferential current stimulation therapy (ICST), treating MTPs in the great toe adductor muscle and the short flexor muscles of the toes in patients whose diagnosis was compatible with PF or MPS...
January 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Anna Lubkowska, Aleksandra Radecka, Iwona Bryczkowska, Iwona Rotter, Maria Laszczyńska, Beata Karakiewicz
BACKGROUND: The therapeutic effects of visible light and infrared is especially often used in physiotherapy. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of exposure to radiation on the motor units activity. METHODS: The study included 29 volunteers whom was evaluated the spontaneous and voluntary bioelectric activity of the trapezius muscle using surface electromyography (value of average amplitude and frequency), before and immediately after a 15-minute irradiation...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Amélie Levesque, Thibault Riant, Stéphane Ploteau, Jérôme Rigaud, Jean-Jacques Labat
Background: The evaluation of chronic pelvic and perineal pain (CPP) is often complex. The patient's description of the pain often appears to be disproportionate to the limited findings on physical examination and/or complementary investigations. The concept of central sensitization may allow better understanding and management of patients with CPP. Objective: The aim of this study was to elaborate a clinical evaluation tool designed to simply identify sensitization in pelvic pain...
March 7, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Chen-Li Ding, Yan-Tao Ma, Qiang-Min Huang, Qing-Guang Liu, Jia-Min Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To attempt to establish an objective quantitative indicator to characterize the trigger point activity, so as to evaluate the effect of dry needling on myofascial trigger point activity. METHODS: Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into blank control group, dry needling (needling) group, stretching exercise (stretching) group and needling plus stretching group ( n =6 per group). The chronic myofascial pain (trigger point) model was established by freedom vertical fall of a wooden striking device onto the mid-point of gastrocnemius belly of the left hind-limb to induce contusion, followed by forcing the rat to make a continuous downgrade running exercise at a speed of 16 m/min for 90 min on the next day which was conducted once a week for 8 weeks...
February 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Omero Benedicto Poli-Neto, Carla Campos Martins Chamochumbi, Patrícia Toscano, Mônica Pitanguy Julio, Wilson Marques, Júlio César Rosa-E-Silva, Francisco José Candido-Dos-Reis, Antônio Alberto Nogueira
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the electromyography pattern of abdominal trigger points developed after a caesarean section and the association between clinical response and local anaesthetic injection. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: A tertiary university hospital. POPULATION: Twenty-nine women with chronic pelvic pain associated with trigger points after a caesarean section were included in the study. METHODS: Participants received needle electromyography before treatment, then underwent a treatment protocol consisting of trigger-point injection of 2 mL of 1% lidocaine...
February 27, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Patrícia Silva de Camargo, Carla Rigo Lima, Maria Luiza de Andrade E Rezende, Adriana Teresa Silva Santos, João Wagner Rodrigues Hernandez, Andréia Maria Silva
The purpose of this study was to analyze and compare intra and intergroup the immediate effect of the auricular and LR8 systemic acupuncture on the electromyographic activity of the trapezius with the trigger points. This is an experimental clinical trial; 40 people were split in 4 distinct groups (n = 10): GI mustard seed application in the auricular acupoint; GII bilateral needle application in the LR8 acupoint; GIII combination of the techniques; GIV/Control Group mustard seed application in an acupoint not linked to the muscle tension...
February 2018: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
José L Arias-Buría, Carlos Martín-Saborido, Joshua Cleland, Shane L Koppenhaver, Gustavo Plaza-Manzano, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas
Objective: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the inclusion of trigger point-dry needling (TrP-DN) into an exercise program for the management of subacromial pain syndrome. Methods: Fifty patients with unilateral subacromial pain syndrome were randomized with concealed allocation to exercise alone or exercise plus TrP-DN. Both groups were asked to perform an exercise program targeting the rotator cuff musculature twice daily for five weeks. Patients allocated to the exercise plus TrP-DN group also received dry needling during the second and fourth sessions...
February 22, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Frank Devereux, Brian O'Rourke, Paul J Byrne, Damien Byrne, Sharon Kinsella
The purpose of this study was to firstly investigate the effects of treating latent myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) in the lower limb kinetic chain with respect to performance during sporting actions, as opposed to the traditional goal of pain management with active MTrPs. The second aim was to investigate the effects of dry needling (DN) on performance parameters over time to establish treatment timeframe guidelines prior to performance. Forty male athletes were assigned to four groups; rectus femoris DN (group 1), medial gastrocnemius DN (group 2), rectus femoris and medial gastrocnemius DN (group 3) and no DN (group 4)...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Manjula Chandragomi Caldera, Sameera Jayan Senanayake, Sujith Priyankara Perera, Nadeeke Nidhan Perera, Ranjanie Gamage, Inuka Kishara Gooneratne
Introduction: The antinociceptive effect of botulinum toxin-A (BTX-A) in trigeminal neuralgia (TN) has been described. We evaluated effects of BTX-A in relieving pain in patients with refractory TN at National Hospital of Sri Lanka. Materials and Methods: Pain in patients with TN was assessed using a visual analog from 0 to 10. Three months after commencement of drug therapy with ≥2 drugs including one first-line drug (carbamazepine/oxcarbazepine), pain scores were re-assessed...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Jennifer Chu, Frans Bruyninckx, Duncan V Neuhauser
Introduction: Favourable pain relief results on evoking autonomous twitches at myofascial trigger points with Electrical Twitch Obtaining Intramuscular Stimulation (ETOIMS). Aim: To document autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction in Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) from blood pressure (BP) and pulse/heart rate changes with ETOIMS. Methods and materials: A patient with persistent pain regularly received serial ETOIMS sessions of 60, 90, 120 or ≥150 min over 24 months...
July 2017: BMJ Innovations
Gopinath Niraj
Background: Chronic abdominal wall pain arising from the myofascial structures is termed abdominal myofascial pain syndrome and is an important cause of refractory abdominal pain that utilizes significant health care costs. The current literature is vague on its management. Design: The author presents a prospective audit of a structured management pathway and discusses the pathophysiology of abdominal myofascial pain syndrome. The objective was to identify an effective and durable treatment for the individual patient and evaluate patient satisfaction with the management pathway...
February 9, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Michelle Louise Hall, Angela Claire Mackie, Daniel Cury Ribeiro
QUESTION: What is the effectiveness and what are the adverse effects. DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with shoulder or upper extremity pain or dysfunction. INTERVENTION: Trigger point dry needling (TDN) compared to control, another intervention or another needling technique. OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome measures included shoulder or upper limb pain, shoulder or upper limb dysfunction...
August 7, 2017: Physiotherapy
Shane Koppenhaver, Joshua Kniss, Daniel Lilley, Michael Oates, Cesar Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Ruth Maher, Theodore Croy, Minoru Shinohara
Patients with low back pain commonly exhibit impaired morphology and function of spinal musculature that may be quantifiable using shear-wave elastography (SWE). The purpose of this study was to assess the intra-rater and test-retest reliability of SWE elasticity measures of the lumbar erector spinae and multifidus muscles during rest and differing levels of contraction in asymptomatic individuals. This single-group repeated-measures design involved a baseline measurement session and a follow-up session 3 days later...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Haytham Eloqayli
Despite the accumulating neuro-physiological evidence of myofascial pain, many clinicians are skeptical about its existence as a separate disease entity. No single theory can fully explain the four cardinal features of MPS; taut bands, local tenderness, local twitching and the characteristic pattern of referred pain. Bridging the gap between basic and clinical knowledge mandates coupling the local trigger point changes with the clinically seen distant somatically innervated referred pain. The main question addressed by the present theory is why do trigger points behave differently in comparison to the surrounding muscle tissue and are trigger points the primary problem or secondary to a primary pathology...
February 2018: Medical Hypotheses
Casey G Kowalik, Joshua A Cohn, Andrea Kakos, Patrick Lang, W Stuart Reynolds, Melissa R Kaufman, Mickey M Karram, Roger R Dmochowski
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Urethral injury resulting from transvaginal mesh slings is a rare complication with an estimated incidence of <1%. Our objective was to review the surgical management and functional outcomes of women presenting with urethral mesh perforation following midurethral sling (MUS) placement. METHODS: This was a retrospective multicenter review of women who from January 2011 to March 2016 at two institutions underwent mesh sling excision for urethral perforation with Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery fellowship-trained surgeons...
January 29, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Fahimeh Kamali, Ehsan Sinaei, Maryam Morovati
CONTEXT: Chronic musculoskeletal disorders in shoulder joint are often associated with myofascial trigger points (MTrP), particularly in the upper trapezius (UT) muscle. Dry needling (DN) is a treatment of choice for myofascial pain syndrome. However, local lesions and severe post-needle soreness sometimes hamper the direct application of DN in the UT. Therefore, finding an alternative point of treatment seems useful in this regard. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of UT versus infraspinatus (ISP) DN on pain and disability of subjects with shoulder pain...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Jeffrey G Williams, Hannah I Gard, Jeana M Gregory, Amy Gibson, Jennifer Austin
CONTEXT: Collegiate soccer players suffer hamstring injuries due to inflexibility and repetitive motions involving intense hamstring lengthening and contraction during sport. Although a popular intervention for muscular injury, there exists limited evidence of the effects of therapeutic cupping on hamstring flexibility. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of cupping therapy on hamstring flexibility in collegiate soccer players. DESIGN: Cohort design...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Weijuan Gang, Xianghong Jing
In recent years, more and more patients of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have strong desire to be treated with acupuncture. In "Effect of acupuncture and clomiphene in Chinese women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a randomized clinical trial" published in Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) on June 27, 2017, the finding of this research does not support acupuncture for such infertility women. The questions and doubts are proposed in the paper from the regimen of acupuncture treatment, the determination of primary outcome and the explanation of the results...
November 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Asitha D L Jayawardena, Rakesh Chandra
"Sinus headache" is a common chief complaint that often leads patients to an otolaryngologist's office. Because facial pain may or may not be sinogenic in origin, the otolaryngologist should be equipped to evaluate and treat or to appropriately refer these patients. Analysis of current data indicates that the majority of patients who present with sinus headaches actually have migraines. Furthermore, the downstream effect of the cytokine cascade initiated in migraine physiology can cause rhinologic symptoms, including rhinorrhea, congestion, and lacrimation, which may also confound diagnosis...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Massimo Ralli, Antonio Greco, Fabrizio Cialente, Arianna Di Stadio, Lucia Longo, Andrea Ciofalo, Rosaria Turchetta, Giancarlo Cianfrone, Marco de Vincentiis
Modulation of tinnitus characteristics such as pitch and loudness has been extensively described following movements of the head, neck and limbs, vertical or horizontal eye gaze, pressure on myofascial trigger points, cutaneous stimulation of the hands, electrical stimulation of the median nerve, and transcranial direct current stimulation. Modulation of tinnitus follows complex interactions between auditory and somatosensory afferents and can be favored by underlying somatic disorders. When tinnitus appears to be preceded or strictly linked to a somatic disorder, and therefore related to problems of the musculoskeletal system rather than of the ear, it is defined somatic tinnitus...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
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